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Encyclopedia > Nicosia
Nicosia (Lefkosia)

Seal
District Nicosia District
Government
 - Mayor Eleni Mavrou
Population (2004)
 - City 270,000 (Greek part)

85,000 (Turkish part) Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Nicosia_emblem. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The districts (επαρχίες) are the subnational subdivisions of Cyprus. ... Nicosia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. ... Eleni Mavrou is the mayor of Nicosia, Cyprus. ...

355,000 (Total)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Website: www.nicosia.org.cy

Nicosia, known locally as Lefkosia (Greek: Λευκωσία, Turkish: Lefkoşa) is the capital and largest city of Cyprus. It is located at 35°10′N, 33°21′E. A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ...


Located on the Pedieos (Kanlidere) river and situated roughly in the centre of the island, it is the seat of government as well as the main business centre. Nicosia is the center and capital of an administrative district (Nicosia District). Despite the recent symbolic gestures shown by both communities in removing small sections of the dividing wall, it still remains the only divided capital city in the world, with the northern (Turkish) and southern (Greek) portions divided by the "Green Line", a demilitarized zone maintained by the United Nations, although unlike Cold War East and West Berlin, few use the terms "North Nicosia" and "South Nicosia". After already being segregated to some degree from 1964, the 1974 Turkish invasion cut the capital in half. The Turkish Cypriots the northern half of Nicosia as the capital of an internationally unrecognized (except for Turkey) state known as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). The Pedieos is the longest river in Cyprus. ... Nicosia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. ... A street cut by the Green Line in Nicosia The term Green Line is often used to refer to the line of demarcation that divides the Cypriot capital of Nicosia into the southern Greek Cypriot region, the controlled area by Republic of Cyprus and the northern Turkish Cypriot region, which... In military terms, a demilitarized zone (DMZ) is an area, usually the frontier or boundary between two or more military powers (or alliances), where military activity is not permitted, usually by peace treaty, armistice or other bilateral or multilateral agreement. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... Combatants  Turkey  Cyprus Greek military junta The Turkish invasion of Cyprus, referred as the 1974 Cyprus Peace Operation by Turkey was a military action against the island nation of Cyprus by Turkey that resulted in the partition of the Republic of Cyprus. ... Turkish Cypriots are those inhabitants of Cyprus who are ethnically Turkish[1], as opposed to those who are of Greek (the Greek Cypriots) or other ethnicities. ... Non-recognized nations are states that have declared their independence, but not been acknowledged as such by the international community at large. ... Anthem Ä°stiklâl Marşı(Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic1  -  President Mehmet Ali Talat  -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Cyprus   -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983   -  Recognition Only by Turkey  Area  -  Total 3,355 km² (not ranked) 1,295 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2. ...


The population of the part of the city under the control of the Republic of Cyprus is 270,000 (end of 2004), while a further 84,893 live in the Turkish zone. [1] Nicosia is a modern, dynamic capital with lots of shops, restaurants and entertainment. The city is a trade center and manufactures textiles, leather, pottery, plastic, and other products. Copper mines are nearby. Nicosia is the seat of the University of Cyprus (UCY) and of all the colleges and institutes of Republic of Cyprus. This article is about the type of fabric. ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Standard atomic weight 63. ... The University of Cyprus (UCY)(in Greek: Πανεπιστήμιο Κύπρου)is a young university established in 1989. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Nicosia
Venetian Wall fortifications, Nicosia
Venetian Wall fortifications, Nicosia
Kykkos Monastery (Metochion Kykkou) in Engomi, Nicosia
Kykkos Monastery (Metochion Kykkou) in Engomi, Nicosia
"Parthenagogeio Faneromenis"-Faneromeni School:facade

Nicosia was a city-state known as Ledra or Ledrae in ancient times. The king of Ledra, Onasagoras, was recorded as paying tribute to Esarhaddon of Assyria in 672 BC. Rebuilt by Lefkos, son of Ptolemy I around 300 BC, Ledra in Hellenic and Roman times was a small, unimportant town, also known as Lefkothea. By the time it received its first Christian bishop, Trifillios, in 348, the town was called Lefkousia or Ledri. The history of Nicosia, the current capital of Cyprus, begins at the geological birth of Cyprus and continues into the present. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia, Latin: Venetia) is a city in northern Italy, the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,251 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (922 × 692 pixel, file size: 83 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (922 × 692 pixel, file size: 83 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Faneromeni School (Greek:Παρθεναγωγείο Φανερωμένης), founded by Archbishop Makarios I in 1857, was the first all-girls school in Cyprus. ... A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city. ... Esarhaddon (Greek and Biblical form; Akkadian Aššur-aha-iddina Ashur has given a brother to me), was a king of Assyria who reigned 681 BC-669 BC), the youngest son of Sennacherib and the Aramaic queen Naqia (Zakitu), Sennacheribs second wife. ... An Assyrian winged bull, or lamassu. ... Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 720s BC 710s BC 700s BC 690s BC 680s BC - 670s BC - 660s BC 650s BC 640s BC 630s BC 620s BC Events and Trends 677 BC - Death of Zhou li wang, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China. ... For the unrelated astronomer, see Ptolemy Ptolemy I Soter (367 BC–283 BC), ruler of Egypt (reigned 323 BC - 283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. ... Events Births Saint Jerome, Christian writer Deaths Categories: 348 ...


Still known as Lefkosia, the city became the island's capital around the 10th century. It had grown in importance because of threats to the coastal cities Paphos and Salamis, which made many people flee to the centrally located Lefkosia. District Paphos Government  - Mayor Savvas Vergas Population (2001)  - City 47,300 Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: http://www. ... Salamis was an ancient city-state on the east coast of Cyprus, at the mouth of the river Pedieos, 6 km North of Famagusta. ...


The seat of the Lusignan kings of Cyprus since 1192, it became a Venetian possession in 1489, and fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1571. Ledra is now the actual name of the most popular commercial street. The Lusignan family originated in Poitou in western France, and in the late 12th century came to rule the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Cyprus. ... The Kingdom of Cyprus was a Roman Catholic Crusader kingdom on the island of Cyprus in the late Middle Ages. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia, Latin: Venetia) is a city in northern Italy, the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,251 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI...


The exonym "Nicosia" appeared with the arrival of the Lusignans. The "Frankish" Crusaders either could not, or did not care to, pronounce the name Lefkosia, and tended to say "Nicosia". In this era of the Franks, the city expanded culturally, and in the 15th and 16th centuries, saw the erection of a number of palaces, mansions, churches and monasteries. An exonym is a name for a place or people that is created by people outside of that place and is different from the name used in the native language. ...


Some 20,000 residents died as a result of the Ottoman siege of 1570. Man-made and natural disasters further struck the city during the 19th century. The Turks crushed the 1821 anti-Ottoman revolt in blood.


Cholera hit the city in 1835, and fire destroyed large parts of Nicosia in 1857. The British Empire gained control over the island in 1878, with Nicosia serving as the capital of the new British colony. The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ...


Nicosia was the scene of extreme violence in the period just prior to Cypriot independence in 1960. Since the Greek supported coup and Turkish invasion which followed it in 1974, part of the city's northern sector has been inside the boundary of a United Nations Buffer Zone. UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus The United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus is a 300 km (187 mile) separation barrier along the 1974 Green Line (or ceasefire line) de facto dividing the Republic of Cyprus into north and south regions. ...


The tombs of the Lusignan kings are in the former Cathedral of St. Sophia, now a mosque in the northern sector. The Lusignan family originated in Poitou in western France, and in the late 12th century came to rule the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Cyprus. ... Hagia Sophia can refer to: The Church of the Holy Wisdom, variously known as Hagia Sophia (Άγια Σοφία) in Greek, Sancta Sophia in Latin or Ayasofya in Turkish, a former Christian church, now a museum, in Istanbul, formerly Constantinople. ...


The core of the city also has well-preserved Venetian fortifications, built in the 16th century, which encircle the old, medieval part of the city.


Government

Aerial View of Nicosia
Presidential Palace, Nicosia
Presidential Palace, Nicosia
New Courts:Fusion of Traditional& Modern Architecture, Nicosia
New Courts:Fusion of Traditional& Modern Architecture, Nicosia

As the capital of the Republic, Nicosia is Cyprus's political, economic and cultural head. Greater Nicosia is subdivided into seven municipalities, but the metropolitan authority is the Municipality of Nicosia itself – within whose boundaries the Constitution states that the main government buildings and headquarters must be suited. The other municipalities in the city are Strovolos, Lakatamia, Latsia, Aglandjia, Engomi and Agios Dhometios. According to the constitution of Cyprus Nicosia Municipality was divided into a Greek and Turkish sector with two Mayors: a representative of the Greek community which was the majority, and a second one representing the Turkish community. The Mayors and the members of the Council were appointed by the President of the Republic. Since 1986, the Mayors and members of the Council are elected. The Mayor and the Municipal Councilors are elected by direct popular suffrage but into separate ballots – one for the Mayor and the other for all the Councilors. Municipal elections are held every five years. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x708, 97 KB) The Presidential Palace (Residence) in Nicosia I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x708, 97 KB) The Presidential Palace (Residence) in Nicosia I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Strovolos is a municipality of Nicosia. ... Lakatamia (Greek: Λακαταμια) is a suburb of Nicosia, Cyprus. ... Latsia (Λατσιά), once a small village on the south east outskirts of Nicosia is today one of the largest and most populous suburbs of the city. ... Aglandjia (Greek : Αγλαντζιά) is a suburb and a municipality of Nicosia. ... This article is about the suburb of Nicosia. ... Ayios Dhometios (Greek: Άγιος Δομέτιος or Άης Δεμέτης) is a suburb located west of the Cypriot capital Nicosia. ... The President of Cyprus is the countrys head of state. ...


The Municipality of Nicosia is now headed by the Mayor, who is Eleni Mavrou (former lagilator of the communist party AKEL, supported by her own political party, socialist party EDEK and the Democratic Party and the council comprising of 26 councilors, one of who is Deputy Mayor. The Northern Sector has its own de facto municipality, but that municipality is not internationally recognized because it is part of the non-recognized TRNC. Eleni Mavrou is the mayor of Nicosia, Cyprus. ... In modern usage, the term communist party is generally used to identify any political party which has adopted communist ideology. ... The Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL) (Greek: Ανορθωτικό Κόμμα Εργαζόμενου Λαού) is a socialist party in Cyprus. ... The Movement for Social Democracy (Greek: Κίνημα Σοσιαλδημοκρατών) is a social-democratic political party in Cyprus. ... The Democratic Party (Greek: Dimokratikon Komma) is a political party in Cyprus, founded in 1976 by Spyros Kyprianou. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Non-recognized nations are states that have declared their independence, but not been acknowledged as such by the international community at large. ...


The Mayor and the Councilors exercise all the powers vested in them by the Municipal Corporation Law. Sub-committees consisting of members of the Municipal Council act only on an advisory level and according to the procedures and regulations issued by the Council.


The Mayor is the executive authority of the Municipality, exercising overall control and managing the Municipal Council. The Council is responsible for appointing personnel employed by the Municipality. All municipalities in the Republic of Cyprus are members of the Union of Cyprus Municipalities. The executive Committee is the governing organ of the Union. This Committee is appointed from among the representatives of the Municipalities, for a term of two and a half years. The Mayor of Nicosia is the President of the Union and the Chairman of the Executive Committee.


Mayors of Nicosia

Beginning of Lemesos Avenue, Nicosia
Beginning of Lemesos Avenue, Nicosia

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (922 × 692 pixel, file size: 116 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (922 × 692 pixel, file size: 116 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Pre-Independence (1882-1949)

The Entrance to the Gardens of Kykkos' Monastery (Metochion Kykkou), Nicosia
The Entrance to the Gardens of Kykkos' Monastery (Metochion Kykkou), Nicosia

is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... July 31 is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (922 × 692 pixel, file size: 114 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (922 × 692 pixel, file size: 114 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Post-Independence (1959-Present)

  • Diomedes Skettos, 1959 - 1960.
  • George M. Spanos, 1960 - 1962; 1963 - 1964.
  • Odysseas Ioannides, 1964 - 1970.
  • Lellos Demetriades, December 1971 - July 1974 (dismissed by the July 15 Coup).
  • Christoforos Kithreotis, August 1974.
  • Lellos Demetriades, October 1974 - 2001 (Elected in 1986; reelected in 1991 and 1996).
  • Michalis Zampelas, 2002 - 2006.
  • Eleni Mavrou, 2007 - present.

is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eleni Mavrou is the mayor of Nicosia, Cyprus. ...

Landmarks

Aphrodite of Soli,1000BC, Archeological Museum, Nicosia
Aphrodite of Soli,1000BC, Archeological Museum, Nicosia
Municipal Theatre, Nicosia
Eleftheria (Liberty) Monument, Nicosia
Eleftheria (Liberty) Monument, Nicosia
The Pancyprian Gymnasium in the Old City Section of Nicosia
Makariou Avenue-Leoforos Makariou in the city centre

Nicosia lies roughly at the center of the island, with a rich history that can be traced back to the Bronze Age. It only became capital of the island in the 11th century AD. The Lousignians turned it into a magnificent city with a Royal Palace and over fifty churches. Today, it blends its historic past brilliantly with the bustle of a modern city. The heart of the city, enclosed by 16th century Venetian walls, is dotted with museums, ancient churches and medieval buildings preserving the nostalgic atmosphere of years past. Yet this old heart is split in two, leaving Nicosia the only capital city in the world to remain divided by force. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1365 pixel, file size: 89 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1365 pixel, file size: 89 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Birth of Venus, (detail) by Sandro Botticelli, 1485 Aphrodite (Greek: Ἀφροδίτη; Latin: Venus) (IPA: English: , Ancient Greek: , Modern Greek: ) is the classical Greek goddess of love, lust, and beauty. ... Soli is an ancient city on the island of Cyprus, located west of Kyrenia. ... Image File history File links Thok. ... Image File history File links Thok. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 248 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 248 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...


The new Nicosia developed outside the walls became a contemporary business and cultural center. Just a few miles away are enchanting places of interest such as Byzantine churches and monasteries, archaeological sites and charming villages.


The old walled city of Nicosia is unique and definitely the place to head for first. Encircled by strong fortress walls built by the Venetians in the 16th century, the enchanting old city is scattered with buildings and monuments of historical interest as well as little shops, cafés and tavernas.


To walk through the old city is to step backwards in time. Narrow streets and old houses with ornate balconies jut from weather beaten sandstone walls, smell of jasmine flowers in those long summer evenings, and craftsmen in small workshops practice trades unchanged for centuries. 'Laiki Yitonia' - Folk Neighborhood - is a pedestrian section, which has been carefully renovated to evoke the atmosphere of past days. The two main streets of old Nicosia, Ledra and Onasagorou, are lined with shops of every type, and both streets are pedestrian-only.


Although the city has been destroyed more than once by conquerors, there are still enough vestiges to enjoy the past. History is most strikingly experienced at the Venetian city wall, which was built between 1567 and 1570. The 4.5 metres thick wall once had three gates. The Famagusta Gate is now used as a cultural centre. Some other parts of the wall contain administrative offices. The historic heart of the city is clearly found inside the walls, but the modern city has grown beyond. Borders of the Republic of Venice in 1796 Capital Venice Language(s) Venetian, Latin Religion Roman Catholic Government Republic Doge  - 1789–97 Ludovico Manin History  - Established 697  - Treaty of Zara June 27, 1358  - Treaty of Leoben April 17, 1797 * Traditionally, the establishment of the Republic is dated to 697. ...


The heart of the city is Eleftheria (Freedom) Square, with the city hall, the post office and the library. Adjacent Ledra street leads to the most lively part of the old city with narrow streets, boutiques, and cafés. Agia Fanomereni is a church built in 1872, built with the remains of an old castle and a convent. Here lay the remains of the Archbishop and the other Bishops who were killed by the Turks during the 1821 revolt. The Palace of the Archbishop can be found at Arkhiepiskopos Kyprianos Square. Although it appears very old, it is in fact a wonderful imitation of typical Venetian style, built in 1956. Next to the palace is the late gothic St John Cathedral cathedral (1665) with picturesque frescos. Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ...


Nicosia is also known for its fine museums. The Archbishop's Palace contains a Byzantine museum where you can admire the largest collection of religious icons on the island. Leventis Municipal Museum Other interesting museums include the Folk Art Museum, National Struggle Museum (witnessing the rebellion against the British administration in the 1950s), Cyprus Ethnological Museum (house of dragoman Hadjigeorgakis Kornesios) and the Handicrafts Centre. The Nicosia Jewels Museum and the Municipal Arts Center are both well worth a visit. The 'Levention' Municipal Museum, with an imaginative presentation of the capital's history, was awarded the title "1991 European Museum of the Year" and it is the only historical museum of Nicosia and revives the old ways of life in the capital from ancient times up to our days. Not to be missed is the unique Cyprus Museum, housing the island's most important collection of Cypriot antiquities and treasures from the Neolithic Age to the Roman Period. In contrast to these ancient finds is the State Collection of Contemporary Art, and on the other side of town, just off the main Limassol road, is the Cyprus Handicraft Centre. Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s. ... Dragoman, a word of Aramaic/Assyrian origin, designates the function of interpreter, translator and official guide in countries and polities of the Near East. ...


Another award winner is the city's renovated 'Pyli Ammochostou' - Famagusta Gate - one of the original entrances to the old city, which won the Europa Nostra award for its restoration. Many old churches are to be found in this part of town, and other places of interest. Europa Nostra is a non-governmental organization in Europe which promotes the preservation and appreciation of cultural heritage. ...


Professional sports

Football is the most important sport in Cyprus, and Nicosia is home of two major teams of the island, AC Omonia and APOEL. The two teams dominate the Cypriot Football; Omonia has the record of championships and APOEL the record of the cups. Another team of Nicosia which had success in the past and plays in Cypriot First Division is Olympiakos Nicosia, whereas EN THOI Lakatamia was recently moved to the second division. All of these teams play at Neo GSP Stadium, the biggest in Cyprus, with capacity of 23,400. The other big stadium of Nicosia is Makario Stadium with capacity of 16,000 seats. Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Athletic Club Omonia Nicosia (Greek: Αθλητικός Σύλλογος Ομόνοια Λευκωσίας) is a Cypriot football club, which plays in the capital, Nicosia. ... APOEL FC (Greek: ΑΠΟΕΛ; Aθλητικός Ποδοσφαιρικός Όμιλος Eλλήνων Λευκωσίας, Athlitikos Podosfairikos Omilos Ellinon Lefkosias, Hellenic Athletic Football (Soccer) Team of Nicosia) is a Cypriot multisport club, based in Nicosia, Cyprus. ... The Link titleCyprus Cup is the main cup competition in Cypriot football, run by Cyprus Football Association. ... The Cypriot First Division or Cyprus Championship First Division (in Greek Παγκύπριο Πρωτάθλημα Α΄ Κατηγορίας) is the highest football league in Cyprus. ... Olympiakos Nicosia is a football club in the Cypriot capital of Nicosia. ... Enosis Neon ThOI (Greek: Ένωση Νέων ΘΟΪ; Youth Union ThOI) is a Cypriot football club, based in Lakatamia, Nicosia. ... Gymnastikos Syllogos Pankipria (Greek: Γυμναστικός Σύλλογος Παγκύπρια = Pancyprian Gymnastic Association ) GSP Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Nicosia, Cyprus. ... This is a list of major football (soccer) stadiums, grouped by country and ordered by capacity. ... Makario Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Nicosia, Cyprus. ...


Omonia and APOEL have their own basketball and volleyball sections. APOEL is successful team in basketball as well, same with another team of the city, Keravnos Strovolos.In athletics the club of Nicosia is Gymnastic Club Pancypria (GSP)-the owner of the football stadium GSP. Also all the teams in the Futsal First Division are from Nicosia. There are also many other clubs in basketball, handball and other sports. Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a 10-foot high hoop (the basket) under organized rules. ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ... Keravnos Strovolou is one of the powerhouses of Cypriot basketball. ... Futsal in Germany Futsal is an indoor version of football (soccer). ... Handball player leaps towards the goal prior to throwing the ball, while the goalkeeper extends himself trying to stop it. ...


Nicosia hosted the 2000 ISSF World Cup Final about shooting events for the shotgun. Also the town hosted two basketball events; the European Saporta Cup in 1997 and the 2005 FIBA Europe All Star Game in Eleftheria Indoor Hall which is the biggest basketball stadium in Cyprus, with capacity of 6500 seats. Lefkotheo is the volleyball stadium in Nicosia. Both stadiums are the Omonia's and APOEL home. Another sport even which was hosted in Nicosia were the Games of the Small States of Europe in 1989. The 2000 ISSF World Cup Final in the seventeen Olympic shooting events was held in October 2000 in Nicosia, Cyprus for the shotgun events, and in November 2000 in Munich, Germany for the rifle, pistol and running target events. ... The International Basketball Federation (French Fédération Internationale de Basketball) is an association of national organizations which governs international competitition in the sport. ... An All-Star Game is an exhibition game played by the best players in their respective sports league. ... The Eleftheria Indoor Hall is an indoor arena beside Makario Stadium and Lefkotheo Indoor Hall in Engomi, Nicosia, Cyprus. ... Member countries The Games of the Small States of Europe (GSSE) (Jeux des Petits Etats dEurope, Giochi dei Piccoli Stati DEuropa, Smáþjóðaleikar Evrópu, Juegos de los Pequeños Estados de Europa) is a biannual multi-sport event, that has been organized by the National Olympic...

"Yorkion" business complex in Nicosia
"Yorkion" business complex in Nicosia
Part of the modern section of the city of Nicosia
Part of the modern section of the city of Nicosia

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 706 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 849 pixel, file size: 190 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 706 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 849 pixel, file size: 190 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 174 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 174 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Culture

In 2006 the Manifesta Biennale was scheduled to be held in Nicosia for a duration of three months. The project was cancelled, however, with the overseas and local organisers blaming each other for its collapse. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The city also hosted the competition of Miss Universe 2000 in Eleftheria Indoor Hall. Miss Universe 2000, Lara Dutta Miss Universe 2000 was held at Eleftheria Stadium, Nicosia, Cyprus on May 12, 2000. ... The Eleftheria Indoor Hall is an indoor arena beside Makario Stadium and Lefkotheo Indoor Hall in Engomi, Nicosia, Cyprus. ...


Transportation

Nicosia International Airport has not been used since 1974 as it lies within the U.N. Buffer Zone separating the two parts of Nicosia. The TRNC has an airport to the east of Nicosia called Ercan (Greek: Tymvou), while planes to (Greek) Nicosia land at Larnaca. The Ercan Airport is used only by aeroplanes coming from Turkey since it is considered an illegal airport by the international community. The abandoned central terminal An abandoned Trident airliner on the tarmac Nicosia International Airport (IATA: NIC) is an abandoned airport. ... Ercan International Airport (IATA: ECN, ICAO: LCEN), or Tymvou in Greek, is the principal airport of entry into the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... Larnaca International Airport (Greek: ) (IATA: LCA, ICAO: LCLK) is an international airport located at Larnaca, Cyprus. ...


There are many taxi companies in Nicosia. In order to take a taxi you have to call one of the taxi companies. The taxi will come pick you up from where you are. Besides the taxi companies, there is a taxi rank at the Eleftheria Square (City Centre) where you can find taxis twenty-four hours a day. Taxi fares are regulated by law and taxi drivers are obliged to use a taximeter. Taxicab, short forms taxi or cab, is a type of public transport for a single passenger, or small group of passengers, typically for a non-shared ride. ... A taximeter is a mechanical or electronic device installed in taxicabs, similar to an odometer, which calculates passenger fares based on a combination of distance travelled and waiting time. ...


Public transport within the city is limited to an aging and inefficient (but inexpensive) bus network operated by the subsidised Nicosia Bus Company [1]. Currently plans are underway to expand and modernise this with a European Union grant [2]. There is no train or metro system nor plans to develop one. A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ...


Between 1905 and 1951, Nicosia was a prominent station of the Cyprus Government Railway. The Cyprus Government Railway was a railway network that operated in Cyprus from October 1905 to December 1951. ...


Twinnings

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Schwerin is a town in northern Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Athens (ancient Greek: αἱ Ἀθῆναι (plural), evolving into the modern αι Αθήναι in Greek until recently, and η Αθήνα nowadays (IPA : singular see below: Origin of the name ) is both the largest and the capital city of Greece, located in the Attica periphery. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map of Ukraine with Odessa highlighted. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Eram Garden, Shiraz most popular garden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Status Capital of Romania Mayor Adriean Videanu, since 2005 Area 238 km² Population (2005) 1,924,959[1] Density 8,088 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Shanghai (Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; Wu (Long-short): ZÃ¥nhae; Shanghainese (IPA): ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the Peoples Republic of China and the ninth largest in the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (Catalan) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ...

Collaborations

Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... A city of the Province of Catania and it is in Sicily at a height of about 2800 feet above the level of the sea. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-tao), well-known to the West by its Postal map spelling Tsingtao, is a sub-provincial city in eastern Shandong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Athens (ancient Greek: αἱ Ἀθῆναι (plural), evolving into the modern αι Αθήναι in Greek until recently, and η Αθήνα nowadays (IPA : singular see below: Origin of the name ) is both the largest and the capital city of Greece, located in the Attica periphery. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Nickname: Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Lord Mayor Jussi Pajunen  - Mayor Pekka Korpinen  - Mayor Ilkka-Christian Björklund  - Mayor Pekka Sauri  - Mayor Paula Kokkonen Area  - City 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Zagreb (pronounced ) is the capital and the largest city of Croatia. ...

Famous Nicosians

¹The TRNC is not recognized internationally, but only by Turkey. Tassos Nikolaou Papadopoulos (Greek: Τάσσος Παπαδόπουλος) born January 7, 1934) has been the president of the Republic of Cyprus since 2003. ... Glafkos Ioannou Clerides (Greek: Γλαύκος Ιωάννου Κληρίδης) (born in Nicosia, Cyprus on 24 April 1919) is a Greek-Cypriot politician and former President of the Republic of Cyprus. ... George Vasos Vasiliou (Greek: Γιώργος Βασιλείου) (born 1931) was President of the Republic of Cyprus 1988-93. ... Ioannis Kasoulides (born August 10, 1948 in Nicosia) is a Cypriot politician, was one of the leading officials of the right-wing Democratic Rally party and served as Foreign minister in the Glafcos Clerides government from 1997 until 2003. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP)[1] is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... Dr Fazil Küçük, Vice-President of the Republic of Cyprus Dr Fazil Küçük (1906-1984) was the first and only Turkish Cypriot Vice President of the 1960 Republic of Cyprus. ... F.S. Soyer, TRNC PM Ferdi Sabit Soyer (born 1951) is the TRNC Prime Minister, and Deputy Leader of TRNC President Mehmet Ali Talats Republican Turkish Party (CTP). ... Benon V. Sevan (born December 18, 1937 Nicosia, Cyprus) was the head of the United Nations Oil for Food program established in 1996, charged with preventing Iraqs government from using the proceeds from oil exports for anything but food, medicine and other items to benefit the civilian population. ... The Oil-for-Food Programme was established by the United Nations in 1996 to allow Iraq to sell oil on the world market in exchange for food, medicine and the like. ... Nicolas Economou (11/8/1953 - 29/12/93) was born in Nicosia and was the first child of his family. ... Alkinoos Ioannides, is a Greek Cypriot composer and singer born in Nicosia on 19 September 1969. ... Stavros Konstantinou. ... Super Idol is the Greek version of the British television hit show Pop Idol. ... Guitarist, Composer and Recording Artist-- YAMAHA EU Artist-- Born in 1972 in Cyprus. ... Acar Akalin is a Cypriot singer, guitarist and composer. ... Hüseyin Çakmak (born in 1964 in Nicosia, Cyprus) is a cartoonist and journalist. ... Alparslan TürkeÅŸ (1917 in Nicosia, Cyprus - April 5, 1997 in Ankara, Turkey) was a Turkish extremist and politician. ... A Deputy Prime Minister is a member of a nations cabinet who can take the position of acting Prime Minister when the real Prime Minister is temporarily absent. ... Giannos Kranidiotis (Greek Γιάννος Κρανιδιώτης) (born September 25, 1947, Nicosia, Cyprus; died September 9, 1999, Romania) was a Greek diplomat and politician. ... Levon Chilingirian (born 28 May 1948, Nicosia) is a UK-based violinist. ... Hussein Chalayan (Hüseyin ÇaÄŸlayan) Hussein Chalayan MBE (or, in keeping with the original spelling of his name, Hüseyin ÇaÄŸlayan) (born 1970) is a British/Turkish Cypriot fashion designer. ...


Gallery

See also

The ancient Church of Cyprus is one of the fourteen or fifteen independent (autocephalous) Eastern Orthodox churches, which are in communion and in doctrinal agreement with one another but not all subject to one patriarch. ... Cyprus has historically followed a non-aligned foreign policy, although it increasingly identifies with the West in its cultural affinities and trade patterns, and maintains close relations with Greece. ... Anthem Ä°stiklâl Marşı(Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic1  -  President Mehmet Ali Talat  -  Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Cyprus   -  Proclaimed November 15, 1983   -  Recognition Only by Turkey  Area  -  Total 3,355 km² (not ranked) 1,295 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, due to its current unrecognized status internationally, has for most of its existence been dependent upon Turkey to facilitate its contacts with the outside world. ... Nicosia District is one of the six districts of Cyprus. ... Divided cities refers to cities and towns divided as a consequence of political changes or border shifts, so that they presently constitute (or once constituted) two separate entities. ... The United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was established in 1964 to prevent a recurrence of fighting between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots. ... This is a list of companies in Cyprus. ...

References

  • Cyprus Government Website - Towns and Population
  • Nicosia Municipality website -History
  • Nicosia Municipality website -Transportation
  • Cyprus Island - Nicosia
  • The World of Cyprus bilingual information portal with background on folk culture and Byzantine influences

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Nicosia

Coordinates: 35°10′N, 33°21′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Template:European capitals


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cyprus Island - Information - Areas - Nicosia (1495 words)
Nicosia lies roughly at the center of the island, with a rich history that can be traced back to the Bronze Age.
Nicosia though, has a history dating long before that period, and has been the capital of the island since 1192, when a French Royal family, the Lusignans, made it their capital.
Nicosia today, has nothing really left of the French period, except the churches, and what one still sees is the structure of the town after the Venetians.
Nicosia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2416 words)
Nicosia is the seat of the University of Cyprus (UCY) and of all the colleges and institutes of Republic of Cyprus.
According to the constitution of Cyprus Nicosia Municipality was divided into a Greek and Turkish sector with two Mayors a representative of the Greek Community which was the majority and a second one representing the Turkish community.
The Mayor of Nicosia is the President of the Union and the Chairman of the Executive Committee.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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