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Encyclopedia > Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
From http://wwwihm.nlm.nih.gov/ File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 10:58, 25 Aug 2002 . . Magnus Manske...
From http://wwwihm.nlm.nih.gov/ File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 10:58, 25 Aug 2002 . . Magnus Manske... Enlarge
Sadi Carnot

( The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. Paris is the capital city of France, as well as the capital of the Île-de-France région, whose territory encompasses Paris and its suburbs. The city of Paris proper is also a dé... Paris, June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. Events 193 - Roman Emperor Marcus Didius is assassinated in his palace. 1283 - Treaty of Rheinfelden - Duke Rudolph II of Austria has to waive his right to the Duchies of... June 1, 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. (see link for calendar) Events February 1 - The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York March 9 - Widow Joséphine de Beauharnais marries General Napoléon Bonaparte. March 30 - Carl Gauss obtained conditions for the constructibility by... 1796 - The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. Paris is the capital city of France, as well as the capital of the Île-de-France région, whose territory encompasses Paris and its suburbs. The city of Paris proper is also a dé... Paris, August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. Events 100 BC-AD 1799 49 BC - Julius Caesars general Gaius Curio is defeated in the Battle of the Bagradas River by the Pompeians under Attius Varus and... August 24, Events February 12 - Ecuador annexes the Galapagos Islands February 12 – serious cholera epidemic begins in London from the East London. It is declared officially over in early May but deaths continue. At least 3000 victims March 24 - In Hiram, Ohio a group of men beat, tar and feather Mormon... 1832) was a The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... French A mathematician is a person whose area of study and research is mathematics. Roles Mathematicians not only study, but also research, and this must be given prominent mention here, because a misconception that everything in mathematics is already known is widespread among persons not learned in that field. In fact... mathematician who wrote on the principles of the second law of Thermodynamics (Greek: thermos = heat and dynamic = change) is the physics of energy, heat, work, entropy and the spontaneity of processes. Thermodynamics is closely related to statistical mechanics from which many thermodynamic relationships can be derived. While dealing with processes in which systems exchange matter or energy, classical thermodynamics is not... thermodynamics in his treatise on A heat engine is an engine that uses heat to produce mechanical work by carrying a working substance through a cyclic process. The Carnot heat engine uses a particular thermodynamic cycle studied by Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot in the 1820s. The Carnot cycle consists of the following steps: Reversible... heat engines (Carnot cycle).


(He is not to be confused with Marie François Sadi Carnot, Events January 10 - DePauw University founded in Greencastle, Indiana January 26 - Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state February 8 - Richard Johnson becomes the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate February 11 - American Physiological Society organizes in Boston February 13 - Rowland... 1837- 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). Events January 7 - W.K. Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film. January 8 - A fire at the Worlds Columbian Exposition in Chicago causes a good deal of damage. January 9 - New England Telephone and Telegraph... 1894, president of France from 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). Events January January 20 - The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base. January 21 - The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is formed January 26 - Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian troops defeat Italians... 1887 to his death.)


Sadi Carnot, a son of the eminent geometer Lazare Carnot Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot (Nolay, May 13, 1753 - Magdeburg, August 22, 1823) was a French politician and mathematician. He is best know for his role as Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars. Born at Nolay, he was educated in Burgundy, and obtained a commission in the... Lazare Nicholas Marguerite Carnot, was the most celebrated of Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (March 21, 1768 - May 16, 1830) was a French mathematician and physicist who is best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series and their application to problems of heat flow. The Fourier transform is also named in his honor. He was born at Auxerre in... Fourier's contemporaries who were interested in the theory of Heat (abbreviated Q, also called heat change) is the transfer of thermal energy between two bodies which are at different temperatures. The SI unit for heat is the joule. The relationship between heat and energy is similar to that between work and energy. Heat flows between regions that are not... heat. Sadi Carnot was born at The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. Paris is the capital city of France, as well as the capital of the Île-de-France région, whose territory encompasses Paris and its suburbs. The city of Paris proper is also a dé... Paris, France, in 1796, and died there of distribution of cholera Cholera (also called Asiatic cholera) is an infectious disease of the gastrointestinal tract caused by the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. These bacteria are typically ingested by drinking water contaminated by improper sanitation or by eating improperly cooked fish, especially shellfish. Symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, and... cholera in 1832. He was an officer in the French army.


In 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). Events January 22 - Ashantis crush British forces in the Gold Coast Cimetière du Montparnasse established The Dutch sign the Masang Agreement temporarily ending hostilities in the Padri War March 17 signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty... 1824 he issued a short work entitled Réflexions sur la puissance motrice du feu, in which he attempted to clarify how to get the most work out of an engine, such as a steam engine, from a given quantity of heat, such as from burning a lump of coal. Engineers of Carnot's time had tried various mechanical means, such as high pressure of steam or using some fluid other than steam, to maximize the amount of work from engines.


But Carnot argued correctly that all that mattered, after removing inefficiencies such as friction and heat loss, was to maximize the ratio of the temperature of heat input to the temperature of heat exhaust, see A heat engine is an engine that uses heat to produce mechanical work by carrying a working substance through a cyclic process. The Carnot heat engine uses a particular thermodynamic cycle studied by Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot in the 1820s. The Carnot cycle consists of the following steps: Reversible... Carnot heat engine. To do his calculations, he made the simplifying assumption that heat was a weightless fluid, which it is not. However, his essay may be taken as initiating the modern theory of thermodynamics.


External link

  • Sadi Carnot (http://www-groups.dcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Carnot_Sadi.html)

The text of part of an earlier version of this article was taken from the The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. (Proprietary interest is typically represented by a copyright or patent.) Such works and inventions are considered part of... public domain resource A Short Account of the History of Mathematics by Walter William Rouse Ball (1850 August 14–1925 April 4) was a Brtish mathematician, and a fellow at Trinity College, Cambridge from 1878 to 1905. Books A Short Account of the History of Mathematics (1888) Mathematical Recreations and Essays (1st ed 1892, later with H.S.M. Coxeter) See... W. W. Rouse Ball (4th Edition, 1908)


 
 

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