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Encyclopedia > Nico
Nico
Nico in 1966, photographed by Gerard Malanga.
Nico in 1966, photographed by Gerard Malanga.
Background information
Birth name Christa Päffgen
Born October 16, 1938(1938-10-16)
Origin Cologne, Germany
Died July 18, 1988 (aged 49)
Ibiza, Spain
Genre(s) Art rock, Folk music
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter
Actress
Instrument(s) Vocals
Harmonium
Harpsichord
Tamborine
Piano
Years active 1963–1988
Associated acts The Velvet Underground
John Cale
Lou Reed

Christa Päffgen (October 16, 1938?[1]July 18, 1988) was a German singer-songwriter, fashion model, actress, keyboard player and Warhol Superstar, best known by her pseudonym Nico. Look up Nico in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Nico Image came from inlay of Marble Index CD Copyright 1968 Elektra Records Image uploaded under fairuse doctine. ... Gerard Joseph Malanga (born March 20, 1943) is a North American poet, photographer, filmmaker, curator and archivist. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cologne (German: , IPA: ; local dialect: Kölle ) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... “Ebusus” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Art rock is a term used to describe a subgenre of rock music with experimental or avant-garde influences that emphasizes novel sonic texture. ... Folk song redirects here. ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... Harpsichord in the Flemish style A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. ... Spanish antique tambourine The tambourine is musical instrument of the percussion family consisting of a single drumhead mounted on a ring with small metal jingles. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Not to be confused with J.J. Cale. ... Lou Reed, born Lewis Allen Reed[1] March 2, 1942, is an American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... A model is a person who poses or displays for purposes of art, fashion, or other products and advertising. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... The Warhol Superstars refers to a coterie of New York personalities promoted by Andy Warhol during the 1960s and early 1970s. ... For other uses, see Alias. ...


As a musician, she is remembered for both her time in The Velvet Underground and her solo work. This article is about the rock band. ...

Contents

Career

Early days

Nico made her early fame as a model. After leaving school at 13, she started selling lingerie and soon was spotted by fashion insiders. A year later, her mother found her work as a model in Berlin. A model is a person who poses or displays for purposes of art, fashion, or other products and advertising. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


At the age of 15 Nico was raped by a US Air Force sergeant who was tried and shot for his crime. Her song "Secret Side" from her album The End... is said to be about this incident.[citation needed] Nicos 1973 album, The End, was her fourth release. ...


While on a modeling assignment in Ibiza, she met the photographer Herbert Tobias, who christened her "Nico" after his ex-boyfriend, filmmaker Nico Papatakis.[citation needed] She soon moved to Paris and worked for Vogue, Tempo, Vie Nuove, Mascotte Spettacolo, Camera, Elle, and other fashion magazines in the late 1950s. “Ebusus” redirects here. ... Akamad 10:40, 29 November 2005 (UTC) Category: ‪Possible copyright violations‬ ... Nico Papatakis (or Nikos Papatakis) is a Greek film director born in 1918 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other meanings, see vogue. ... ELLE is a worldwide magazine that focuses on womens fashion, beauty, health, and entertainment. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ...


She also claimed to have been briefly hired by Coco Chanel. Despite having dropped out of school at an early age, Nico eventually became fluent in English, Italian, Spanish, and French, in addition to German. Gabrielle Bonheur Coco Chanel (August 19, 1883 – January 10, 1971)[1] was a pioneering French fashion designer whose modernist philosophy, menswear-inspired fashions, and pursuit of expensive simplicity made her arguably the most important figure in the history of 20th-century fashion. ...


Before breakthrough

After appearing in several television commercials, Nico landed a tiny role in Alberto Lattuada's film La Tempesta (1958), and then appeared in Rudolph Maté's For the First Time with Mario Lanza later that year. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Alberto Lattuada (November 13, 1914 - July 3, 2005) was an Italian film director. ... Rudolph Maté (January 21, 1898 - October 27, 1964) was an accomplished cinematographer and film director. ... Mario Lanza singing Vesti la Guibba in For the First Time. ... Mario Lanza as Giuseppe Verdis Otello. ...


In 1959, she was invited to the set of Federico Fellini's La dolce vita and attracted the attention of the acclaimed director, who gave her a minor role in the film. By this time, Nico had moved to New York to take acting classes under the guidance of Lee Strasberg. Federico Fellini (January 20, 1920 – October 31, 1993) was one of the most influential and widely revered film-makers of the 20th century. ... Dolce Vita redirects here. ... This article is about the state. ... Lee Strasberg (November 17, 1901 – February 17, 1982) was an American director, actor, producer, and acting teacher. ...


After splitting her time between New York and Paris, she landed the lead role in Jacques Poitrenaud's Strip-Tease (1963). She recorded the title track, which was produced by Serge Gainsbourg but not released until 2001, when it was included on CD in as part of the French compilation Le Cinéma de Serge Gainsbourg. Serge Gainsbourg (April 2, 1928 – March 2, 1991) was a French poet, singer-songwriter, actor and director. ...


During this period she gave birth to a son, Ari (born 1962), who she claimed was fathered by actor Alain Delon. Although the child was raised mostly by Delon's parents, Delon denied his fatherhood. Alain Delon (b. ...


Start of musical career

In 1965, Nico met The Rolling Stones' founder and guitarist Brian Jones and recorded her first single, "I'm Not Sayin'" for Andrew Loog Oldham's Immediate label. Rolling Stones redirects here. ... For other persons named Brian Jones, see Brian Jones (disambiguation). ... Im Not Sayin is a song written by Gordon Lightfoot. ... Andrew Loog Oldham (born 1944) is a British rock and roll producer, impresario and author. ...


Actor Ben Carruthers introduced her to Bob Dylan in Paris that summer. It is said that Dylan wrote the song "I'll Keep It With Mine" for her shortly afterwards. This article is about the recording artist. ...


She began working with Andy Warhol and Paul Morrissey on their experimental films, including Chelsea Girls, The Closet, Sunset, and Imitation of Christ. Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who was a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... Paul Morrissey (born on February 23, 1938 in New York City) is a film director. ... Experimental film, or experimental cinema, is a term that describes a range of filmmaking styles that are generally quite different from, and often opposed to, the practices of mainstream commercial and documentary filmmaking. ... Chelsea Girls is a 1966 film directed by Paul Morrissey and Andy Warhol. ...


The Velvet Underground and Nico

While appearing in The Factory films of Warhol, Nico was introduced to The Velvet Underground, at that time the backup group for Warhol's Exploding Plastic Inevitable, a multimedia performance featuring film, music, lights and dancers in a sort of total experience theatre. The Factory was Andy Warhols original New York City studio from 1963 to 1968, although his later studios were known as The Factory as well. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Exploding. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with lightning. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ...


Nico began to work with the Velvet Underground, singing lead vocals on three songs ("Femme Fatale", "All Tomorrow's Parties" and "I'll Be Your Mirror") and backing vocals on another ("Sunday Morning") on their debut LP The Velvet Underground and Nico. Femme Fatale is a song by The Velvet Underground. ... All Tomorrows Parties is a song by The Velvet Underground, written by Lou Reed and released on the groups 1967 debut album, The Velvet Underground and Nico. ... The Velvet Underground and Nico was The Velvet Undergrounds influential 1967 debut album. ... Sunday Morning is a song by The Velvet Underground which is the opening track on their first album The Velvet Underground and Nico. ... Alternate covers The early LP edition with the banana sticker peeled off. ...


Released in 1967, the album became influential and lauded within rock music and art circles. Nico had a short-lived romantic relationship with the main singer and songwriter, Lou Reed. Around this era, she was also romantically involved with prominent musicians including John Cale (also from The Velvet Underground), Jim Morrison of The Doors, Jackson Browne, Brian Jones, Tim Buckley and Iggy Pop. This article is about the genre. ... Lou Reed, born Lewis Allen Reed[1] March 2, 1942, is an American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... Not to be confused with J.J. Cale. ... For other persons named James or Jim Morrison, see James Morrison. ... The Doors were an American rock band formed in 1965 in Los Angeles by vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, drummer John Densmore, and guitarist Robby Krieger. ... Clyde Jackson Browne (born October 9, 1948) is an American rock music singer, songwriter, guitarist, and pianist, whose introspective lyrics made him the poster boy of the Southern California confessional singer-songwriter movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... For other persons named Brian Jones, see Brian Jones (disambiguation). ... Timothy Charles Buckley III (February 14, 1947 – June 29, 1975) was an experimental vocalist and performer who incorporated jazz, psychedelia, funk, soul, and avant-garde rock in a short career spanning the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... James Newell Osterberg, Jr. ...


Shortly after the Exploding Plastic Inevitable tour drew to a close in early 1967, Nico and The Velvet Underground parted ways as a team. The exact reasons for her departure have not been made clear, though both Lou Reed and the Velvet's multi-instrumentalist John Cale played significant parts in various aspects of Nico's solo career.


Over the course of the next twenty years, she recorded a series of critically acclaimed albums, working with the likes of Brian Eno and Phil Manzanera. Cale was particularly involved in Nico's music, producing four of her albums as well as arranging and playing various instruments on the recordings. Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Phil Manzanera (born Philip Geoffrey Targett-Adams, 31 January 1951, in London, England), is an English guitarist. ...


Solo career

The 1960s

For her debut album, 1967's Chelsea Girl,[2] Nico recorded songs by, among others, Bob Dylan, Tim Hardin, Jackson Browne and Velvet Underground members Lou Reed, John Cale and Sterling Morrison, co-writing one song, "It Was a Pleasure Then", with Reed and Cale, an eight-minute piece with guitar and violin solos. Chelsea Girl is the name of the debut album by Nico, released in 1968 and featuring songs written for her by Bob Dylan, Lou Reed, Jackson Browne, John Cale, Tim Hardin, Sterling Morrison, and Gregory Copeland. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Tim Hardin (December 23, 1941 – December 29, 1980) was a United States folk musician and composer who was a part of the 1960s Greenwich Village folk scene and performer at the Woodstock Festival. ... Clyde Jackson Browne (born October 9, 1948) is an American rock music singer, songwriter, guitarist, and pianist, whose introspective lyrics made him the poster boy of the Southern California confessional singer-songwriter movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... Lou Reed, born Lewis Allen Reed[1] March 2, 1942, is an American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... Not to be confused with J.J. Cale. ... Holmes Sterling Morrison, Jr (East Meadow, New York, August 28, 1942 – August 30, 1995 in Poughkeepsie, NY) was one of the founding members of influential rock group The Velvet Underground, playing lead, rhythm and bass guitar and singing backing vocals. ...


Chelsea Girl is a traditional chamber-folk album in the vein of Leonard Cohen, with strings and flute arrangements superimposed by its producer. Nico was not satisfied with the finished album and had little say in production matters. Leonard Norman Cohen, CC (born September 21, 1934 in Westmount, Quebec) is a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... â™  This article is about the family of musical instruments. ...


For her LP The Marble Index, released in 1969,[3] Nico wrote the lyrics and the bare bones of the music, mainly consisting of see-sawing harmonium chords. The arrangements were written by John Cale, who fleshed out Nico's songs with an array of folk and classical instruments. Frazier Mohawk produced the album. Nico's harmonium became her signature instrument for the rest of her career. The album combines classical elements with a European folk sound. Where the statue stood Of Newton, with his prism and silent face, The marble index of a mind forever Voyaging through strange seas of thought alone -- W. Wordsworth The Marble Index is the name of Nicos 1969 neoclassical and avant-garde work. ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... Frazier Mohawk (born Barry Friedman, 1941, in Los Angeles) is an American record producer and sometime photographer, publicist, circus owner and farmer. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Folk song redirects here. ...


The 1970s

Nico released two albums of her own in the 1970s: Desertshore (1970)[4] and The End (1974)[5], and featured on two tracks of a third, June 1, 1974.[6] They were produced by John Cale (Desertshore was co-produced with Joe Boyd), who also played on each of the albums. On Desertshore, Cale plays most of the instruments. Nico wrote the music, sang, and played the harmonium. On The End, Cale plays a wide range of instruments including xylophone, synthesizer, acoustic guitar, and electric piano. That album featured Brian Eno, who played on the June 1, 1974 live album with Nico, Cale and Kevin Ayers (whose solo albums she contributed to). The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Desertshore is the name of a neoclassical, avant garde album recorded and released by Nico in 1970. ... Nicos 1973 album, The End, was her fourth release. ... June 1, 1974 is a live album by Kevin Ayers, John Cale, Brian Eno and Nico. ... Desertshore is the name of a neoclassical, avant garde album recorded and released by Nico in 1970. ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... Kulintang a Kayo, a Philippine xylophone The xylophone (from the Greek meaning wooden sound) is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia. ... Synth redirects here. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... An electric piano (e-piano) is an electric musical instrument whose popularity started in the late 1960s, was at its greatest during the 1970s and still is big today. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... A live album – commonly contrasted with a studio album – is a recording consisting of material (usually music) recorded during stage performances. ... Kevin Ayers (born 16 August 1944 in Herne Bay, Kent) is an English songwriter and major influential force in the early English psychedelic movement. ...


On December 13, 1974, Nico was the support act at Tangerine Dream's infamous concert at Rheims Cathedral in Reims, France. The promoter had so greatly oversold the capacity of the venue that members of the audience could not move or reach the outside, eventually resulting in some fans urinating inside the cathedral hall.[7] The Roman Catholic Church denounced these actions, ordered the rededication of the cathedral and banned future gigs on church property. is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Tangerine Dream is a German electronic music group founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese. ... Façade of the Notre-Dame de Reims The Notre-Dame de Reims (Our Lady of Rheims) is the Cathedral of Reims, where the kings of France were once crowned. ... Reims (English traditionally Rheims) is a city of north-eastern France, 98 miles east-northeast of Paris. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Dedication (Lat. ...


The 1980s

Nico returned to New York in late 1979 where her comeback concert at CBGB in early 1980 was glowingly reviewed in the New York Times. She began playing regularly at the Mudd Club and other venues with Jim Tisdall accompanying her on harp and electric guitar, and they went on a sold-out tour of twelve cities in the East and Midwest. The Chicago appearance was voted best concert of the year by the alternative music press.[citation needed] This article is about the state. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... CBGB (Country, Blue Grass, and Blues) was a music club at 315 Bowery at Bleecker Street in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The Mudd Club was a SoHo nightclub that was opened in October 1978 by publisher Steve Mass, art curator Diego Cortez and singer Anya Phillips. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ...


Nico recorded her next studio album, Drama of Exile, in 1981.[8] It was a departure from her earlier work with John Cale and featured a mixture of rock and Middle Eastern arrangements. She recorded her final solo album, Camera Obscura, in 1985,[9] an experimental collection that implemented jazz instrumentation and featured Nico's version of the Richard Rodgers/Lorenz Hart song, "My Funny Valentine". Drama of Exile is the name of a rock album recorded by Nico in 1981. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Camera Obscura is the name of an experimental avant-garde music album recorded and released by Nico and the Faction in 1985. ... This article is about the year. ... For experimental rock music, see experimental rock. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article is about the American composer. ... Lorenz (Larry) Hart (May 2, 1895 - November 22, 1943) was the lyricist half of the famed Broadway songwriting team Rodgers and Hart. ... My Funny Valentine is a song composed by Richard Rodgers to lyrics by Lorenz Hart and is now considered a jazz standard, appearing on over 1300 albums performed by over 600 artists. ...


Nico lived in Salford, Greater Manchester, sharing a house with two college students (Steve Turley and Neil Henney) from Sheffield, and later formed a 'domestic partnership' with John Cooper Clarke.[10] For other uses, see Salford (disambiguation). ... Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England which has a population of 2. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... At Bedford Rhythm Festival, 2006. ...


A number of Nico's performances towards the end of her life were recorded and released, including 1982's Heroine, 1986's Behind the Iron Curtain, and her final concert, Fata Morgana, recorded on June 6, 1988. Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Behind the Iron Curtain is a concert recorded by Nico for Pandoras Music Box 85 at De Doelen Concertgebouw, Grote Zaal (Great Hall), in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on October 9, 1985. ... Fata Morgana is the name of Nicos final concert performance recorded six weeks before her death, at the Planetarium der Wilhem-Foerster-Sternwarte in Berlin, on June 6, 1988. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...


Philippe Garrel films

Between 1970 and 1979, Nico made about seven films with French director Philippe Garrel. She met Garrel in 1969 and contributed the song "The Falconer" to his film, Le Lit de la Vierge. Soon after, she was living with Garrel and became a central figure in his cinematic and personal circles. Nico's first acting appearance with Garrel occurred in his 1972 film, La Cicatrice Intérieure. Nico also supplied the music for this film and collaborated closely with the director. She also appeared in the Garrel films Anathor (1972); the silent Jean Seberg biopic, Les Hautes Solitudes, released in 1974; Un onge passe (1975); Le Berceau de cristal (1976), starring Pierre Clementi, Nico and Anita Pallenberg; and Voyage au jardin des morts (1978). His 1991 film J'entends Plus la Guitare is dedicated to Nico.[citations needed] Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Philippe Garrel (born April 6, 1948 in Paris, France) is a French director, cinemtographer, screenwriter, editor and producer. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Jean Seberg (November 13, 1938 – September 8, 1979) was an American actress who spent an important part of her career in France. ... A biographical film or biopic is a film about a particular person or group of people, based on events that actually happened. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Pierre Clémenti is a French actor (born 28 September 1942, died 28 December 1999). ... Anita Pallenberg (born January 25, 1944 in Rome, Italy) is a model, actress and fashion designer. ...


Death

For over twenty years, Nico was a heroin addict. Biographer Richard Witts speculated that the habit was caused by her traumatic experiences of war and of being an illegitimate child. For other uses, see Heroin (disambiguation). ... Richard Dick Witts is a professional musicologist and ex leader of 1980s band The Passage. ...


In his (admittedly sensational) book Nico—Songs They Never Play on the Radio, James Young, a member of her band in the 1980s, recalls many examples of Nico's fiendish behaviour due to the addiction. But just before her death, she had managed to kick the habit and had embarked on a regimen of exercise and healthy eating.


On July 18, 1988, while on holiday with her son in Ibiza, Spain, Nico had a minor heart attack while riding a bicycle, and hit her head as she fell. A passing taxi driver found her unconscious, and had difficulty getting her admitted to local hospitals. She was incorrectly diagnosed as suffering from exposure, and she died the next day. X-rays later revealed a severe cerebral hemorrhage as the cause of her death. is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... “Ebusus” redirects here. ... In the NATO phonetic alphabet, X-ray represents the letter X. An X-ray picture (radiograph) taken by Röntgen An X-ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength approximately in the range of 5 pm to 10 nanometers (corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 PHz... For other uses, see Stroke (disambiguation). ...


Nico was buried in her mother's plot in Grunewald Forest Cemetery in Berlin. A few friends played a tape of "Mütterlein", a song from Desertshore, at her funeral. Desertshore is the name of a neoclassical, avant garde album recorded and released by Nico in 1970. ...


Legacy

Nico has been an influence on many acts. Siouxsie and the Banshees, Patrick Wolf, Bauhaus, Stevie Nicks, Patti Smith, Morrissey, Björk, Coil, Jocelyn Pook, Fabienne Shine (who covered "All Tomorrow's Parties"), Dead Can Dance as well as numerous contemporary goth bands have all cited Nico as a major influence. Two of her songs, "The Fairest of the Seasons" and "These Days", both written by Jackson Browne and taken from Chelsea Girl, are featured in Wes Anderson's film The Royal Tenenbaums. Siouxsie and the Banshees are a British gothic rock band. ... Patrick Wolf (born Patrick Apps on June 30, 1983 at St Thomas Hospital, London[1]) is an English singer-songwriter from South London. ... Bauhaus are an English rock band formed in Northampton in 1978 by Peter Murphy (vocals), Daniel Ash (guitar), Kevin Haskins (drums) and David J (bass). ... Stephanie Lynn Stevie Nicks (born May 26, 1948) is an American singer and songwriter, best known for her work with Fleetwood Mac and a long solo career, which collectively have produced over twenty Top 350 hits. ... Patricia Lee (Patti) Smith (born December 30, 1946) is an American musician, singer, and poet. ... For other uses, see Morrissey (disambiguation). ... This article is about the musician. ... Coil was an English cross-genre, experimental music group formed in 1982 by John Balance—later credited as Jhonn Balance—and his lover Peter Christopherson, aka Sleazy.[1] The duo worked together on a series of releases before Balance chose the name Coil, which he claimed to be inspired by... Jocelyn Pook is an English viola player. ... Fabienne Shine was born in North Africa and was raised in Paris. ... Dead Can Dance is a band comprised of Lisa Gerrard and Brendan Perry. ... Gothic rock (sometimes called goth rock or simply goth) is a genre of alternative rock that originated during the late 1970s. ... These Days is a song written by Jackson Browne. ... Chelsea Girl is the name of the debut album by Nico, released in 1968 and featuring songs written for her by Bob Dylan, Lou Reed, Jackson Browne, John Cale, Tim Hardin, Sterling Morrison, and Gregory Copeland. ... Wesley Wales Anderson (born May 1, 1969) is an American director, writer, and producer of features, short films and commercials. ... The Royal Tenenbaums is the 2001 dramatic comedy about three genius siblings who experience great success in youth, and even greater disappointment and failure after their eccentric father leaves them in their adolescent years. ...


Shannon Hoon of Blind Melon named his daughter 'Nico Blue' partly after Nico. Blind Melon's album Nico was released after Hoon's death. Richard Shannon Hoon (September 26, 1967 – October 21, 1995) was an American musician and lyricist, and the lead singer of the band Blind Melon. ... This article is about the band. ... Nico is the third and final album by the band Blind Melon, released in 1996 by Capital Records. ...


Nico was portrayed by Christina Fulton in The Doors (1991). She was later portrayed by Meredith Ostrom in the 2006 film, Factory Girl, which chronicles the life of fellow Warhol "superstar", Edie Sedgwick. The Doors is a 1991 film about Jim Morrison and The Doors. ... Meredith Ostrom is an actress/model and has been dating Duran Durans Nick Rhodes since 2001 after his divorce with Julie Anne Friedman, heiress of the Younkers Department Store fortune. ... This article is about the film Factory Girl. ... Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928 - February 22, 1987) was an American painter and major figure in the pop art movement. ... Sedgwick in 1966, by Jerry Schatzberg/Corbis Edith Minturn Edie Sedgwick (April 20, 1943 – November 16, 1971)[1] was an American actress, socialite, and heiress who starred in many of Andy Warhols short films in the 1960s. ...


Natasha Khan from Bat for Lashes has quoted Nico as an influence in particular Desertshore. During 2007 she would start concerts with 'Le Petit Chevalier' from that record.[11] Bat for Lashes is the moniker of English musician Natasha Khan (born 25 October 1979), a Brighton-based songwriter. ...


In 2007 Industrial act Throbbing Gristle announced a forthcoming album (due in 2008) based on very loose interpretations of the record "Desertshore."[citation needed] Throbbing Gristle (formed on September 3, 1975, in London) are a British Avant-Garde group that evolved from the performance art group COUM Transmissions. ...


The rock band Anberlin named one of their songs after her: "Dance, dance Christa Päffgen" . Anberlin is an American alternative rock band from Winter Haven, Florida that formed in 2002. ...


Discography

Year Title
1963 Strip-Tease (French Recording) (released in 2001)
1965 I'm Not Sayin'/The Last Mile (45 RPM Single)
1967 The Velvet Underground and Nico
1967 Chelsea Girl
1969 The Marble Index
1970 Desertshore
1973 The End
1974 June 1, 1974
1981 Drama of Exile (released in two versions)
1982 Do or Die: Nico in Europe (tour diary)
1985 Nico Live in Pécs
1985 Camera Obscura
1986 Live Heroes
1986 Behind the Iron Curtain
1987 Nico in Tokyo
1988 Fata Morgana (Nico's Last Concert)
1989 Hanging Gardens
1994 Heroine
1998 Nico: The Classic Years
2002 Innocent & Vain - An Introduction to Nico
2003 Femme Fatale: The Aura Anthology (Drama of Exile expanded, plus live disc)
2007 All Tomorrow's Parties (live double album)
2007 Nico: The Frozen Borderline - 1968-1970

Alternate covers The early LP edition with the banana sticker peeled off. ... Chelsea Girl is the name of the debut album by Nico, released in 1968 and featuring songs written for her by Bob Dylan, Lou Reed, Jackson Browne, John Cale, Tim Hardin, Sterling Morrison, and Gregory Copeland. ... Where the statue stood Of Newton, with his prism and silent face, The marble index of a mind forever Voyaging through strange seas of thought alone -- W. Wordsworth The Marble Index is the name of Nicos 1969 neoclassical and avant-garde work. ... Desertshore is the name of a neoclassical, avant garde album recorded and released by Nico in 1970. ... Nicos 1973 album, The End, was her fourth release. ... June 1, 1974 is a live album by Kevin Ayers, John Cale, Brian Eno and Nico. ... Drama of Exile is the name of a rock album recorded by Nico in 1981. ... Do or Die! is an album chronicling Nicos European tour from January 18 to March 28, 1982. ... Camera Obscura is the name of an experimental avant-garde music album recorded and released by Nico and the Faction in 1985. ... Live Heroes is the name of an album recorded by Nico with The Blue Orchids partially at the København Saltlagertet,Rotterdam, The Netherlands on October 5, 1982. ... Behind the Iron Curtain is a concert recorded by Nico for Pandoras Music Box 85 at De Doelen Concertgebouw, Grote Zaal (Great Hall), in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on October 9, 1985. ... Fata Morgana is the name of Nicos final concert performance recorded six weeks before her death, at the Planetarium der Wilhem-Foerster-Sternwarte in Berlin, on June 6, 1988. ...

Books

  • Nico: The Life and Lies of an Icon by Richard Witts, (Virgin Books: London, 1992).
  • Up-tight: the Velvet Underground Story by Victor Bockris and Gerard Malanga (Omnibus Press: London, 1995 reprint).
  • Songs They Never Play On the Radio by James Young, (Bloomsbury Publishing Ltd: London, 1992).
  • Nico: Photographies by Antoine Giacomoni, (Dragoon: Paris, 2002).
  • Nico: Cible mouvante. Chansons, Poèmes, Journal by Nico, Jacques Pauvert and Ari Boulogne, (Pauvert: Paris, 2001).
  • L'amour n'oublie jamais by Ari Boulogne, (Pauvert: Paris, 2001).
  • Please Kill Me: The Uncensored Oral History of Punk by Legs Mcneil and Gilliamn Mccain, (Grove Press: New York, 1996).

Richard Dick Witts is a professional musicologist and ex leader of 1980s band The Passage. ... Virgin Books is the book publishing arm of Virgin Enterprises, the company originally set up by Richard Branson as a record company. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Victor Bockris is an England-born, U.S.-based author, primarily of biographies of artists, writers, and musicians. ... Gerard Joseph Malanga (born March 20, 1943) is a North American poet, photographer, filmmaker, curator and archivist. ... Omnibus Press is a British publisher of books, primarily about music. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... James Youngs gravestone in Inverkip (photo by Thomas Nugent) James Young (13 July 1811–May 13, 1883), a Scottish chemist, was born in Glasgow, the son of a joiner and carpenter. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Dragoon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the state. ...

Film and play

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Nico
  • Nico Icon (1995), documentary directed by Susanne Ofteringer

(A more complete filmography.) Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

  • Nico Icon Play by Stella Grundy premièred at Studio Salford on 5 September 2007

is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ The date and location of her birth are disputed. Most sources[citation needed] state October 16, 1938, Cologne, Germany.
  2. ^ Nico: Chelsea Girl
  3. ^ the marble index
  4. ^ Desertshore
  5. ^ The End ...
  6. ^ June, 1 1974
  7. ^ Orange Appeal - 25 years of ambient pioneers Tangerine Dream
  8. ^ Drama of Exile
  9. ^ Camera Obscura
  10. ^ BBC - Music - Help/How to find
  11. ^ Bats for Lashes - Live at Maxwells NJ. Punkcast (2007-07-24). Retrieved on 2007-12-12.

is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cologne (German: , IPA: ; local dialect: Kölle ) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Persondata
NAME Päffgen, Christa
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Nico
SHORT DESCRIPTION German model, singer
DATE OF BIRTH October 16, 1938
PLACE OF BIRTH Cologne, Germany
DATE OF DEATH July 18, 1988
PLACE OF DEATH Ibiza, Spain
NPR redirects here. ... Discogs, short for discographies, is a website and database of information about music recordings, including commercial releases, promotional releases, and certain bootleg or off-label releases. ... MusicBrainz (MusicBrainz. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Find A Grave is an online database of seventeen million cemeteries and burial records. ... Alternate covers The early LP edition with the banana sticker peeled off. ... Chelsea Girl is the name of the debut album by Nico, released in 1968 and featuring songs written for her by Bob Dylan, Lou Reed, Jackson Browne, John Cale, Tim Hardin, Sterling Morrison, and Gregory Copeland. ... Where the statue stood Of Newton, with his prism and silent face, The marble index of a mind forever Voyaging through strange seas of thought alone -- W. Wordsworth The Marble Index is the name of Nicos 1969 neoclassical and avant-garde work. ... Desertshore is the name of a neoclassical, avant garde album recorded and released by Nico in 1970. ... Nicos 1973 album, The End, was her fourth release. ... Drama of Exile is the name of a rock album recorded by Nico in 1981. ... Camera Obscura is the name of an experimental avant-garde music album recorded and released by Nico and the Faction in 1985. ... A live album – commonly contrasted with a studio album – is a recording consisting of material (usually music) recorded during stage performances. ... June 1, 1974 is a live album by Kevin Ayers, John Cale, Brian Eno and Nico. ... Do or Die! is an album chronicling Nicos European tour from January 18 to March 28, 1982. ... Live Heroes is the name of an album recorded by Nico with The Blue Orchids partially at the København Saltlagertet,Rotterdam, The Netherlands on October 5, 1982. ... Behind the Iron Curtain is a concert recorded by Nico for Pandoras Music Box 85 at De Doelen Concertgebouw, Grote Zaal (Great Hall), in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on October 9, 1985. ... Fata Morgana is the name of Nicos final concert performance recorded six weeks before her death, at the Planetarium der Wilhem-Foerster-Sternwarte in Berlin, on June 6, 1988. ... A compilation album is an album (music or spoken-word) featuring tracks from one or multiple recording artists, often culled from a variety of sources (such as studio albums, live albums, singles, demos and outtakes. ... Reich Der Träume (German, Realm of Dreams) is the first in a series of releases of obscure Nico tracks never before available on CD. It was released by Faust records in 2002. ... Walpurgis Night (Valborgsmässoafton in Swedish, Vappu in Finnish, Volbriöö in Estonian, Valpurģu nakts or Valpurģi in Latvian, Walpurgisnacht in German) is a holiday celebrated on April 30, in Finland, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia and Germany. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cologne (German: , IPA: ; local dialect: Kölle ) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... “Ebusus” redirects here. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The History of Rock Music. Nico: biography, discography, reviews, links (2506 words)
Nico's cadaveric, petrified voice wandered through the labyrinth of a wasted mind, scouring inner landscapes made of nightmares, visions and nameless shadows for the ultimate meaning.
Il vocalismo di Nico si adegua, abbandonando l'enfasi decadente da cabaret di Weimar a favore di tecniche di canto mediorientali, indiane e medievali, ma soprattutto sospendendosi in quella gelida neutralita` che rimane il suo autentico marchio di fabbrica.
Nico al solito tremulo harmonium, Phil Manzanera alla chitarra, Brian Eno al sintetizzatore, Cale alle percussioni e alle tastiere acustiche, piu` un dimesso coro femminile, formano un ensemble suggestivo, ed eguagliano lo stupendo isolamento in cui Nico si era chiusa per distillare i due capolavori precedenti.
Nico - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1838 words)
Once Nico joined the Factory crowd, she gradually began to work with the Velvets, singing lead vocals on three songs ("All Tomorrow's Parties", "Femme Fatale", and "I'll Be Your Mirror") and backing vocals on another ("Sunday Morning") on their debut LP The Velvet Underground and Nico.
Nico had a short-lived romantic relationship with the Velvet Underground's main singer and songwriter, Lou Reed, at this time, one of her several romances with prominent musicians including fellow Velvet John Cale, The Doors' icon Jim Morrison, Jackson Browne, Rolling Stones' founder Brian Jones, Tim Buckley and The Stooges' Iggy Pop.
Nico returned to New York in late 1979 where her comeback concert at CBGB in early 1980 was glowingly reviewed in the New York Times.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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