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Encyclopedia > Nickernut
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Caesalpinioideae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Genus: Caesalpinioideae
Species: Caesalpinia bonduc and C. major
Genera

See text. Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families Fabaceae (legumes) Quillajaceae Polygalaceae (milkwort family) Surianaceae The Fabales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. ... Subfamilies Faboideae Caesalpinioideae Mimosoideae References GRIN-CA 2002-09-01 The name Fabaceae belongs to either of two families, depending on viewpoint. ... Genera Acrocarpus Arapatiella Arcoa Balsamocarpon Batesia Burkea Bussea Caesalpinia Campsiandra Cenostigma Cercidium Chidlowia Colvillea Conzattia Cordeauxia Delonix Dimorphandra Diptychandra Erythrophleum Gleditsia Gymnocladus Haematoxylum Hoffmannseggia Jacqueshuberia Lemuropisum Lophocarpinia Melanoxylum Moldenhawera Mora Moullava Orphanodendron Pachyelasma Parkinsonia Peltophorum Poeppigia Pomaria Pterogyne Pterolobium Recordoxylon Schizolobium Sclerolobium Stachyothyrsus Stahlia Stenodrepanum Stuhlmannia Sympetalandra Tachigali Tetrapterocarpon Vouacapoua... Genera Acrocarpus Arapatiella Arcoa Balsamocarpon Batesia Burkea Bussea Caesalpinia Campsiandra Cenostigma Cercidium Chidlowia Colvillea Conzattia Cordeauxia Delonix Dimorphandra Diptychandra Erythrophleum Gleditsia Gymnocladus Haematoxylum Hoffmannseggia Jacqueshuberia Lemuropisum Lophocarpinia Melanoxylum Moldenhawera Mora Moullava Orphanodendron Pachyelasma Parkinsonia Peltophorum Poeppigia Pomaria Pterogyne Pterolobium Recordoxylon Schizolobium Sclerolobium Stachyothyrsus Stahlia Stenodrepanum Stuhlmannia Sympetalandra Tachigali Tetrapterocarpon Vouacapoua...

Nickernuts are smooth, shiny seeds that are used to play mancala games such as oware in the Caribbean. They are produced by the sprawling thorny coastal shrubs Caesalpinia bonduc and C. major, which produce grey and yellow seeds, respectively. The plant is called the warri tree reflecting the name of the board game. Mancala is a family of board games played around the world, sometimes called sowing games or count and capture games, which comes from the general gameplay. ... Oware is an abstract strategy game and the mancala game most widely considered suitable for serious adult competition. ... ...


The nickernut is marble-like and useful for jewelry. The common gray ones are called sea pearls. The brown variety is found mostly on Antigua.


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Nickernut (1544 words)
The smooth, marblelike seeds of nickernuts have a distinctive attachment scar and faint concentric striations.
Gray and yellow nickernuts are often mixed with the distinctive red and fl seeds of rosary beans (Abrus precatorius, Rhynchosia pyramidalis or R.
In Costa Rica, gray nickernuts are often strung with seeds from the distinctive pods of guanacaste (Enterolobium cyclocarpum).
Drift Seeds and Drift Fruits (7059 words)
In Guayaquil, Ecuador, drilled nickernuts are sold by street vendors as amulets to ward off evil spirits.
On some Caribbean islands nickernuts are used in a strategy board game called "Island Waurie." Two players sit on opposite sides of a hardwood board with six depressions (wells) on each side, each well with four nuts.
The seedling, with its long, pendant taproot (mostly hypocotyl), drops from the parent plant, where it may be automatically planted in the mud of shallow water or washed away to a distant shore.
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