FACTOID # 23: Wisconsin has more metal fabricators per capita than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Nickel (U.S. coin)
Nickel (United States)
Value: 0.05 U.S. dollars
Mass: 5.000 g
Diameter: 21.21 mm
Thickness: 1.95 mm
Edge: plain
Composition: 75% Cu
25% Ni
Years of Minting: 2006–
Catalog Number: -
Obverse
Obverse
Design: Thomas Jefferson
Designer: Jamie Franki
Design Date: 2006
Reverse
Reverse
Design: Monticello
Designer: Felix Schlag
Design Date: 1938


The United States five-cent coin, commonly called a nickel, is a unit of currency equaling one-twentieth, or five-hundredths, of a United States dollar. This article is about general United States currency. ... The gram or gramme, symbol g, is a unit of mass. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic brown Atomic mass 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic Atomic mass 58. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x2000, 1541 KB) Summary 2006 Return to Monticello Nickel Obverse (Forward-facing Jefferson) Downloaded from [1] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 N.S. – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), author of the United States Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x2000, 975 KB) Summary 2006 Return to Monticello Nickel Reverse Downloaded from [1] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Thomas Jeffersons Monticello Monticello, located near Charlottesville, Virginia, is the estate of Thomas Jefferson. ... Felix Oscar Schlag, (December 4, 1891 - March 9, 1974), was the designer of the current United States five cent coin. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... A two cent euro coin A US penny In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals th of the basic unit of value. ... word coinage Coín (a town in Malaga province in Spain) 25¢ Canadian coin A coin is usually a piece of hard material, generally metal and usually in the shape of a disc, which is issued by a government to be used as a form of money. ... This article is about general United States currency. ...


The nickel's design since 1938 has featured a profile of President Thomas Jefferson on the obverse. From 1938 to 2003, Monticello was featured on the reverse. For 2004 and 2005, nickels featured new designs to commemorate the bicentennials of the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark expedition; these new designs were called the Westward Journey nickel series. In 2006, Monticello returned to the reverse, while a new image of Jefferson facing forward was featured on the obverse. 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The President of the United States (often abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 N.S. – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), author of the United States Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... Thomas Jeffersons Monticello Monticello, located near Charlottesville, Virginia, is the estate of Thomas Jefferson. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... From Frank Bond, Louisiana and the Louisiana Purchase. ... Lewis and Clark The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804–1806) was the first United States overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back, led by Captain Meriwether Lewis and Second Lieutenant William Clark. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


General history

Prior to introduction of the nickel, five-cent pieces were very small silver coins called half dimes. Due to shortages of silver during and after the American Civil War, an alternative metal was needed for five-cent coinage, and the copper-nickel alloy still in use today was selected. Numerous problems plagued the coinage of nickels through the middle of the 20th century due to the extreme hardness of the alloy, but modern minting equipment has proven more than adequate for the task. The half dime was a silver coin, valued at five cents, formerly minted in the United States. ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America between the United States of America, called the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the Union. ...


Nickels have always had a value of one cent per gram (even when debased during World War II). They were designed as 5 grams in the metric units when they were introduced in 1866, shortly before the Act of July 28, 1866 declared the metric system to be legal for use in the United States. The gram or gramme, symbol g, is a unit of mass. ... word coinage Coín (a town in Malaga province in Spain) 25¢ Canadian coin A coin is usually a piece of hard material, generally metal and usually in the shape of a disc, which is issued by a government to be used as a form of money. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War II, also known as the Second World War (sometimes WW2 or WWII or World War Two), was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ...


Applying the term "nickel" to a coin actually precedes the usage of five-cent pieces made from nickel alloy. The term was originally applied to the Indian cent coin from 18591864 which was composed of copper-nickel. Throughout the Civil War these cents were referred to as "nickels" or "nicks". When the three-cent nickel came onto the scene in 1865, these were the new "nickels" to the common person on the street. In 1866, the Shield nickel hit the spotlight and forever changed the way Americans associated coins made from nickel alloy with a particular denomination. 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Local calls placed from public phone booths in the United States cost a nickel in most places until the early 1950s, when the charge was doubled to a dime (10 cents); however in some places — mostly in remote, rural areas — the price for such calls remained at a nickel as late as the mid-1970s. The cost of a ride on a public transit vehicle — such as a bus or subway — also stood at a nickel during the same period that a pay-phone call carried that charge, in many cities. // Events and trends This map shows two essential global spheres during the Cold War in 1959. ... A dime is a coin issued by the United States Mint with a denomination of one-tenth of a United States dollar, or ten cents. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... TheBus, established by Mayor Frank Fasi, is Honolulus only public transit system. ... Metro and Subway redirect here. ...


Shield nickel (1866–1883)

Main article: Shield nickel The Shield nickel, minted from 1866 to 1883, was Americas first nickel five-cent piece. ...


The shield nickel, designed by James B. Longacre, was the first nickel five-cent piece minted in the United States, in accordance with the Act of May 16, 1866. There is an early variety with rays passing from the numeral 5 through the spaces between the stars. These were minted only in 1866 and part of 1867. Longacre's original design had failed to take into account the difficulties of minting with such a hard alloy, and the rays caused a general lack of detail in areas on the opposite face of the coin. James Barton Longacre, (August 11, 1794 - January 1, 1869) an American engraver, was Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1844 until his death. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

Shield nickels with and without rays
Shield nickels with and without rays

The metallurgical difficulties were the source of many minting errors in the Shield nickels. It is unusual to find a piece that does not have die cracks, and such examples trade for more in uncirculated condition, unlike many other coins where die cracks are considered an interesting variety with slight to moderate premium value. There are also many overdates, doubled dates and other punch errors.
Shield nickel Combined image from [1] and [2]. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Shield nickel Combined image from [1] and [2]. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Liberty Head "V" nickel (1883–1913)

V nickel with and without "cents"
V nickel with and without "cents"

V Nickels were officially minted from 1883 to 1912. However, an unknown mint official illegally produced an unknown quantity of "V" Nickels with the date 1913. There are currently only 5 known genuine examples of this 1913 coin (though many counterfeits exist), making them some of the most valuable coins in existence. At one point, all five known 1913 coins were owned by Colonel E.H.R Green, son of the famous Hetty Green. The "Olsen specimen", named for a previous owner, was auctioned in 2003 for $3 million. Legend Numismatics, a coin dealership in Lincroft, New Jersey, bought another from collector Ed Lee of Merrimack, New Hampshire on June 2, 2005 for $4.15 million, the second-highest price ever paid for a rare U.S. coin. These coins were made famous by B. Max Mehl, a coin dealer from Texas, who in the 1930s placed advertisements in newspapers throughout the United States offering $50 for one of these nickels. No one took him up on the offer, which was in reality an advertising ploy for his business (and its "Star Rare Coins Encyclopedia and Premium Catalogue"), but numismatists credit his search as contributing to increased interest in coin collecting. V Nickel Combined from [1] and [2] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... V Nickel Combined from [1] and [2] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Hetty Green (November 21, 1834–July 3, 1916) was an American businesswoman, remarkable for her famous frugality during the so-called Gilded Age as well as for being the first American woman to make a substantial impact on Wall Street. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lincroft is a census-designated place and unincorporated located within Middletown Township, in Monmouth County, New Jersey. ... Next to the Breezeway at Merrimack Town Hall Merrimack is a town located in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. ... // Events and trends A public speech by Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascist movement The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas, usually by an identified sponsor. ... Numismatics (ancient Greek: ) is the scientific study of money and its history in all its varied forms. ... Coin collecting is the hobby of collecting coins. ...


The original 1883 issue lacked the word "cents" on the reverse. Since the nickels were the same size as five-dollar gold pieces, some counterfeiters plated them with gold and attempted to pass them off as such. According to legend, a deaf-mute person named Josh Tatum was the chief perpetrator of this fraud, and he could not be convicted because he simply gave the coins in payment for purchases of less than five cents, but did not protest if he was given change appropriate to a five-dollar coin. There is no historical record of Tatum outside of numismatic folklore, however, so the story may well be apocryphal [1]. Deaf-mute was a historic reference made by hearing people to identify a person who was deaf and did not know how to speak. ... Apocrypha is a Greek word (απόκρυφα, neuter plural of απόκρυφος), from αποκρυπτειν, to hide away. ...


"V" nickels were minted only at Philadelphia until 1912, when Denver and San Francisco each minted a small quantity. All five 1913 examples were minted in Philadelphia. The D or S mint mark is located on the reverse, just below the left-hand "dot" near the seven-o'-clock position on the rim.


Buffalo nickel (1913–1938)

The buffalo nickel (also known as the Indian head nickel) was produced from 1913 to 1938, inclusive. Mint marks for the coins are on the reverse, beneath the words "Five Cents" and above the rim. The Philadelphia, Denver, and San Francisco mints all participated in the mintage, though San Francisco generally had a much smaller annual production than either of the other two mints. 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mrs. ...

Buffalo nickel

The buffalo nickel, as designed by James Earle Fraser, featured a profile of a Native American on the obverse and an American Bison (buffalo) on the reverse. Fraser said that the Indian profile was a composite of three chiefs: John Big Tree, Iron Tail and Two Moons. The model for the buffalo was "Black Diamond," from New York City's Central Park Zoo. Fraser's design is generally considered to be among the best designs of any U.S. coin. Matte proof coins were specially struck for collectors from 1913 to 1917 at the Philidelphia mint. Image File history File links Indian_Head_Nickel. ... Image File history File links Indian_Head_Nickel. ... End of the Trail James Earle Fraser (November 4, 1876 – October 11, 1953) was an American sculptor, born in Winona, Minnesota. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Native Americans in the United States (also Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are those indigenous peoples within the territory that is now encompassed by the continental United States, and their descendants in modern times. ... Binomial name Bison bison Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies B. b. ... The term composite can refer to several different things: A composite number is an integer greater than one that is not a prime number. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Motto: Official website: City of New York Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... Central Park (40°46′59″N, 73°58′20″W) is a large public, urban park (843 acres or 3. ... Independence Hall Philadelphia (sometimes referred to as Philly or the City of Brotherly Love) is the fifth most populous city in the United States and the most populous city in the state of Pennsylvania, occupying all of Philadelphia County. ...


There was a type change in mid-1913 when the mound on the reverse was changed mid-year to an incuse flat plane because of wear problems. Thus, with the three mints, there are six types of 1913 nickels. There was no change to the date placement, so the dates on many early buffalo nickels have been completely worn off. As the series progressed, the date was gradually struck with larger and bolder numerals, which ameliorated the problem.


Often, dateless buffalo nickels can have their dates "restored" by applying a ferric chloride solution to the date area. In addition to weak dates, many buffalo nickels — especially those minted in Denver or San Francisco in the 1920s — are found with the horn and/or tail on the reverse, or the word "LIBERTY" on the obverse, badly struck and lacking complete detail. The 1926-D is particularly noted for these defects. Iron(III) chloride, generically called ferric chloride, is an iron-based salt of chemical formula FeCl3. ...


Two valuable varieties exist in the series. In 1918 some of the Denver mint nickels were minted from a redated 1917 die. The resulting 1918/7-D overdate is a rare and sought-after coin. Also, in 1937 excessive polishing of a Denver mint die removed most of the right foreleg, leading to the famous "three legged" variety. One estimate is that the number released may be only about 20,000, and specimens in higher grades are particularly valuable. Collectors should be cautious when purchasing this variety since counterfeits have been made. A 1936-D "3 1/2 leg" variety also exists.


Some 1.2 billion buffalo nickels were issued during the coin's 26-year lifespan, and only one date/mintmark combination (the 1926-S) had a mintage of less than 1 million. No buffalo nickels were made in 1922, 1932, or 1933. The lack of 1922 nickels, as well as some other denominations, resulted from the Mint's placing a priority on silver dollar production in that year, and no nickels — and many other denominations — were issued in 1932 or 1933 due to the Great Depression. Dorothea Langes Migrant Mother depicts destitute pea pickers in California, centering on Florence Owens Thompson, a mother of seven children, age thirty-two, in Nipomo, California, March 1936. ...


Jefferson nickel (1938–present)

The Jefferson nickel, designed by Felix Schlag in a Mint-sponsored contest, has been minted since 1938. The obverse features a profile of Thomas Jefferson, while the reverse features his Virginian estate, Monticello. All three mints turned out vast quantities of Jefferson nickels until 1954, when San Francisco halted production for 14 years, resuming only from 1968 to 1970. Since 1970, all nickels for circulation have been minted at Philadelphia and Denver. Mint marks may be found on the reverse, in the right field between Monticello and the rim, on nickels from 1938 to 1964. From 1965 to 1967, no mint marks were used, and beginning in 1968, the mint mark was moved to the obverse, just below the date, where it remains today. In 1980, the Philadelphia mint began using a "P" mint mark on all nickels. In 1966 the designer's initials were added under Jefferson's bust. Felix Oscar Schlag, (December 4, 1891 - March 9, 1974), was the designer of the current United States five cent coin. ... Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 N.S. – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), author of the United States Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... Thomas Jeffersons Monticello Monticello, located near Charlottesville, Virginia, is the estate of Thomas Jefferson. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ...


Wartime nickels

From mid 1942 to 1945, so-called "Wartime" composition nickels were created. These coins are 56% copper, 35% silver and 9% manganese. The only other U.S. coin to use manganese is the Sacagawea dollar. These coins are usually a bit darker than regular nickels, due to their manganese content (as was true of many British coins minted from 1920 through 1947), and feature the largest mint mark ever to grace a United States coin, located above Monticello's dome on the reverse. Nickels of this series minted in Philadelphia have the unique distinction of being the only US coins minted prior to 1979 to bear a "P" mint mark. When the price of silver rose in the 1960s the "war nickels" quickly disappeared from circulation. An unofficial variety was made in 1944 when counterfeit nickels were produced. These were quickly spotted since the Philadelphia-based forger neglected to add the large "P." When caught, he explained that he was practicing before working his way up to half dollars. General Name, Symbol, Number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Atomic mass 54. ... Dollar coins have been minted in the United States in both gold and silver versions. ... A counterfeit is an imitation that is made with the intent to deceptively represent its content or origins. ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ...


As collectibles

Jefferson nickels are one of the easiest sets of any denomination to collect from circulation. One can still find coins from the 1940s in circulation on occasion. Many Jefferson nickel collectors look for fully struck steps on the image of Monticello. Premiums are paid for coins with five or six full steps. These are fairly rare, even on current issues. Proofs and special mint set coins (1965–1967), as well as matte proofs, exist, and have value above circulating coinage. A collectible (or collectable) is a manufactured item designed for people to collect. ... The hobby of collecting consists of acquiring specific items based on a particular interest of the collector. ... // Events and trends World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... A beautiful example of a proof coin. ...


Westward Journey nickel series

Throughout the 20th century, Congress allowed the U.S. Mint to make changes to coinage every 25 years without specific authorization. Since the 1990s the government had begun to respond to lobbying in favor of changing coinage design. This led to the State Quarters series and in 2002, a proposal to change 2003 nickels as well. Initial proposals by the Mint had a new obverse based on a portrait by Gilbert Stuart, and a reverse with an American Indian and a bald eagle facing west. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Congress in Joint Session. ... Mrs. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, the last decade of the 20th Century. ... Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gilbert Charles Stuart (né Stewart) (December 3, 1755 - July 9, 1828) was an American painter. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Native Americans in the United States (also Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are those indigenous peoples within the territory that is now encompassed by the continental United States, and their descendants in modern times. ... Binomial name Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a bird of prey indigenous to North America, most recognizable as the national bird of the United States. ...


Congressman Eric Cantor (R-Virginia), the Chief Deputy Majority Whip for his party, objected to the lack of consultation with Congress about their proposal, and was particularly concerned that Monticello, located in his district, would not return to the reverse of the nickel in 2006. Some raised the issue that the Mint's proposed new reverse did not relate specifically enough to Lewis & Clark or the Louisiana Purchase, the events that the proposed changes were meant to commemorate. This led to the enactment of Public Law 108-15, the American 5-cent Coin Design Continuity Act, in 2003. This act, originally dubbed the Keep Monticello on the Nickel Act by Cantor, modified the United States Code to require the return to a depiction of Monticello starting in January 2006, and permanently eliminate the Mint's right to change it again without Congressional approval. The delay and controversy meant the Mint ran out of time to change the reverse of the nickel in 2003. Eric Cantor Eric Ivan Cantor (born June 6, 1963) is an American politician who has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 2001, representing the Seventh Congressional District of Virginia (map). ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 320 km 690 km 7. ... The Majority Whip is an elected member of the U.S. House of Representatives who assists the Speaker of the House and the Majority Leader to coordinate ideas on and garner support for proposed legislation. ... Thomas Jeffersons Monticello Monticello, located near Charlottesville, Virginia, is the estate of Thomas Jefferson. ... The American 5-cent Coin Design Continuity Act (Public law 108-15, 31 United States Code 5101) allowed coinage of the commemmorative Westward Journey Nickel Series and mandated that Monticello be depicted on the 2006 nickel, as it had been previously. ... The United States Code (U.S.C.) is a compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal Law of the United States. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Upon passage of Cantor's new law, the Mint proposed the Westward Journey nickel series. The series consisted of two new reverse designs for 2004 and two for 2005.


2004 designs

In 2004, the reverse of the nickel changed, with two different designs during the year. The first design, placed into circulation on March 1, 2004, featured a design based upon a rendition of the original Indian Peace Medal commissioned for Lewis and Clark's expedition. It was designed by Norman E. Nemeth. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Indian Peace Medals were a symbol of the relationships between the United States federal government and Native Americans in the late 1700s and 1800s, until the term of President Andrew Johnson ended. ... The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806) was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ...

In the autumn of 2004, the reverse changed again to feature a view of the Lewis and Clark's keelboat in full sail that transported members of the Corps of Discovery expedition and their supplies through the rivers of the Louisiana Territory. This design depicts Meriwether Lewis and William Clark in full uniform, standing in the bow of the keelboat. This nickel was designed by Al Maletsky. Download high resolution version (1192x1192, 279 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXx Autumn (also fall in North American English) is one of the four temperate seasons, the transition from summer into winter. ... A Keelboat is a keeled boat built for the navigation of rivers. ... The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806) was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ... From Frank Bond, Louisiana and the Louisiana Purchase. ... Meriwether Lewis, portrait by Charles Willson Peale Meriwether Lewis (August 18, 1774 – October 11, 1809) was an American explorer, soldier, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Corps of Discovery. ... William Clark (August 1, 1770 - September 1, 1838) was a Scottish-American explorer who accompanied Meriwether Lewis on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. ...


2005 designs

On September 16, 2004, the U.S. Mint unveiled its new designs for 2005. They had been chosen by John W. Snow on July 22, 2004 but were not disclosed to the public. The U.S. Mint revealed that the Felix Schlag depiction of Thomas Jefferson was being done away with in favor of a more modern depiction of Jefferson. The new obverse of the Jefferson nickel was designed by Joe Fitzgerald and engraved by Don Everhart II. Its circulation began on February 28, 2005. September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John W. Snow John William Snow, Ph. ... 22 July is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joe Fitzgerald one of the designers of the new, 2005 US nickel. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Also unveiled on September 16, 2004 were two new reverses. A depiction of the American bison temporarily returns to the reverse after a 67-year absence. The new reverse was designed by Jamie N. Franki and engraved by Norman E. Nemeth. The U.S. Mint had been lobbied to include the American bison on the nickel in the hope of keeping the public interested in its continuing recovery after nearly being hunted to extinction after the completion of the transcontinental railroad. Download high resolution version (2400x2373, 1601 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2400x2373, 1600 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Bison bison Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies B. b. ... Poster announcing railroads opening The First Transcontinental Railroad in the United States was built across North America in the 1860s, linking the railway network of the eastern U.S. with California on the Pacific coast. ...


The final Westward Journey nickel reverse was designed by Joe Fitzgerald and engraved by Donna Weaver. It depicts the Pacific Ocean and the words from William Clark's diary upon reaching it. In a controversial move, the U.S. Mint decided to amend Clark's actual words. He had originally written, "Ocian in view! O! The Joy!" but as the spelling "ocian" is nonstandard, the U.S. Mint decided to modify it to ocean. Joe Fitzgerald one of the designers of the new, 2005 US nickel. ... William Clark (August 1, 1770 - September 1, 1838) was a Scottish-American explorer who accompanied Meriwether Lewis on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. ...


2006 Design

In 2006, the nickel returned to using Felix Schlag's Monticello design on its reverse, while the obverse features a new forward-facing portrait of Jefferson, based on the 1800 Rembrandt Peale painting of Jefferson[2]. The new obverse was designed by Jamie Franki. The word Liberty is shown in Jefferson's own handwriting, as it was on the 2005 Westward Journey nickels. 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Felix Oscar Schlag, (December 4, 1891 - March 9, 1974), was the designer of the current United States five cent coin. ... -1... Self-Portrait - Rembrantdt Peale Rembrandt Peale (22 February 1778 - 3 October 1860) was a United States Neoclassical painter. ...


See also

This article needs cleanup. ...

External links and sources

United States currency and coinage
Topics: Federal Reserve Note | United States Note | United States coinage | United States dollar
Currency: $1 | $2 | $5 | $10 | $20 | $50 | $100 | Larger denominations
Coinage: Cent | Nickel | Dime | Quarter | Half Dollar | Dollar

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m