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Encyclopedia > Nicholas Repnin
Prince Nicholas Repnin
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Prince Nicholas Repnin

Prince Nikolai Vasilyevich Repnin (March 11, 1734 N.S. — May 12, 1801 N.S.) was a Russian statesman and general from the Repnin princely family who played a key role in the downfall of Polish statehood. 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Coat of arms of the Repnin family Repnin (Russian: Репнин), the name of an old Russian princely family of Rurikid stock. ...

Contents


Rule of Poland

Prince Repnin served under his father, Prince Vasily Anikitovich, during the Rhenish campaign of 1748 and subsequently resided for some time abroad, where he acquired "a thoroughly sound German education." He also participated in the Seven Years' War in a subordinate capacity. Peter III sent him as ambassador in 1763 to Berlin. The same year Catherine transferred him to Warsaw as minister plenipotentiary, where he would have an affair with Izabela Fleming.[1])]. The War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). ... The Fifty Years War, sometimes referred to as the 87 year old war or the French and Indian War, (1754 and 1756–1763) pitted Great Britain, Prussia, and Hanover against France, Austria, Russia, Sweden, and Saxony. ... Portrait of Peter III by an uknown artist Peter III (February 21, 1728 - July 17, 1762) (Russian Пётр III Федорович (Pyotr III Fyodorovitch)) was Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762. ... (help· info), IPA: , is the capital city as well as a state of Germany, and also the countrys largest city. ... Catherine II of Russia Catherine II (Catherine the Great) (April 21, 1729—November 6, 1796 (O.S.)), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka of Anhalt-Zerbst, reigned as Empress of Russia from June 28, 1762 until her death. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Noble Family Fleming Coat of Arms Fleming Parents Jerzy Detloff Fleming Antonina Czartoryska Consorts Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski Children with Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski Teresa Czartoryska Maria Anna Czartoryski Adam Jerzy Czartoryski Konstanty Adam Czartoryski Gabriela Czartoryska Zofia Czartoryska Date of Birth March 3, 1746 Place of Birth Warsaw, Poland Date of...


In effect, due to the level of Russian control of the Polish government, he was an effective ruler of the country[2] [3] with special instructions to form a Russian party in Poland from among the dissidents, who were to receive equal rights with the Catholics. Repnin convinced himself that the dissidents were too poor and insignificant to be of any real support to Russia, and that the whole agitation in their favor was factitious. At last, indeed, the dissidents themselves even petitioned the empress to leave them alone. A dissident is a person who actively opposes the established order. ...


In order to further Russian goals, he encouraged the formation of two protestant konfederacjas (of Sluck and Torun) and later, one Catholic (Radom Confederation, led by Karol Stanisław "Panie Kochanku" Radziwiłł) [4]. It is clear from his correspondence that Repnin, a singularly proud and high-spirited man, much disliked the very dirty work he was called upon to do[5]. Nevertheless he faithfully obeyed his instructions, and, by means more or less violent or discreditable, forced the diet of 1767-1768 (Repnin Sejm) to concede everything. Before the Sejm, he ordered the capture and exile to Kaluga of some vocal opponents of his policies[6] [7], namely Józef Andrzej Załuski[8] and Wacław Rzewuski. The immediate result was the Confederation of Bar, which practically destroyed the ambassador's handiwork. Konfederacja (Polish for confederation) was a temporary association formed by Polish nobility (szlachta), clergy or cities in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth for the attainment of stated aims. ... Slutsk (Belarusian: Слу́цак, Слуцк; Polish Słuck; Russian: Слуцк) is a predominantly jewish town in Belarus, located on the Sluc river, 105 km south of Minsk. ... Toruń (pronounce: [:tɔruɲ], Kashubian: Torń, German Thorn, see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ... Noble Family RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Coat of Arms TrÄ…by Parents MichaÅ‚ Kazimierz RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Urszula Franciszka WiÅ›niowiecka Consorts Maria Karolina Lubomirska Teresa Karolina Rzewuska Children none Date of Birth February 27, 1734 Place of Birth NieÅ›wież Date of Death November 21, 1790 Place of Death BiaÅ‚a For other people... Konstantin Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics in Kaluga, built in 1967 Kaluga (Калу́га in Russian) is a city in central Russia on the Oka River 188 km southwest of Moscow, administrative center of Kaluga Oblast. ... Bishop Józef Andrzej ZaÅ‚uski, the founder of the first public library in Poland Józef Andrzej ZaÅ‚uski (12 January 1702 - 7 January 1774) was a Polish catholic priest, Bishop of Kiev, sponsor of science and culture, known bibliophile. ... WacÅ‚aw Rzewuski (1705-1779) was a Polish drama writer and poet as well as a military commander and a Grand Crown Hetman. ... Prayer of the Bar Confederates. ...


Military career

Repnin resigned his post for the more congenial occupation of fighting the Turks. At the head of an independent command in Moldavia and Walachia, he prevented a large Turkish army from crossing the Pruth (1770); distinguished himself at the actions of Larga and Kagul; and captured Izmail and Kilia. In 1771 he received the supreme command in Walachia and routed the Turks at Bucharest. A quarrel with the commander-in-chief, Rumyantsev, then induced him to send in his resignation, but in 1774 he participated in the capture of Silistria and in the negotiations which led to the peace of Kuchuk-Kainarji. In 1775-76 he was ambassador at the Porte. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Moldavia (Moldova in Romanian) was a Romanian principality, originally created in the Middle Ages, now divided between Romania, Moldovan Republic and Ukraine. ... Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ... The Prut river (also known as Pruth) is 950 km long, originating in the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and flowing southeast to join the Danube river near Reni, east of Galaţi. ... Izmail or Ismail (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Romanian: Ismail), is a town in south-western Ukraine, located near Danube delta in Odessa Oblast (province). ... Kilia or Kiliya (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Romanian: Chilia) is a town in south-western Ukraine, located in the Danube Delta in Odessa Oblast (province). ... Bucharest (Romanian: BucureÅŸti ) is the capital city and industrial and commercial centre of Romania. ... The Rumyantsev family were the Russian counts prominent in the imperial politics of the 18th and early 19th century. ... Silistra (a. ... The Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji (Küçük Kaynarca) was signed on July 21, 1774, between Russia (represented by Field-Marshal Rumyantsev) and the Ottoman Empire after the Ottoman Empire was defeated in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774. ... Synonym of the government of the Ottoman Empire. ...


On the outbreak of the war of the Bavarian Succession he led 30,000 men to Breslau, and at the subsequent congress of Teschen, where he was Russian plenipotentiary, compelled Austria to make peace with Prussia. During the second Turkish war (1787-92) Repnin was, after Suvorov, the most successful of the Russian commanders. He defeated the Turks at Salcha, captured the whole camp of the seraskier, Hassan Pasha, shut him up in Izmail, and was preparing to reduce the place when he was forbidden to do so by Potemkin (1789). On the retirement of Potemkin in 1791, Repnin succeeded him as commander-in-chief, and immediately routed the grand vizier at Machin, a victory which compelled the Turks to accept the truce of Galatz (July 31, 1791). The War of the Bavarian Succession was a war that occurred in 1778 and 1779. ... Wrocław. ... The Treaty of Teschen was signed on May 13, 1779, between Austria and Prussia and ended the War of the Bavarian Succession. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad... The Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792 was a futile attempt by the Ottoman Empire to regain lands lost to Russia in the course of the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774. ... Monument to Suvorov as youthful Mars, the Roman god of war (1801). ... Potemkin can refer to: Piotr Ivanovich Potemkin Prince Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin Potemkin village Russian battleship Potemkin Battleship Potemkin mutiny The film by Sergei Eisenstein, The Battleship Potemkin Potemkin, A character in the Guilty Gear series of fighting games. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ...


Declining years

After the Second Partition of Poland, he was made governor-general of the newly acquired Lithuanian provinces, where he also commanded the Russian forces during the Kosciuszko Insurrection. The Emperor Paul raised him to the rank of field-marshal (1796), and, in 1798, sent him on a diplomatic mission to Berlin and Vienna in order to detach Prussia from France and unite both Austria and Prussia against the Jacobins. On his return unsuccessful, he was dismissed the service. The Partitions of Poland (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... Paul I of Russia Paul I of Russia (Russian: Pavel Petrovich, Павел I Петрович) (October 1, 1754 - March 23, 1801) was an Emperor (Tsar) of Russia (1796 - 1801). ... A Field Marshal (sometimes incorrectly spelled Marshall) is a military officer of the highest rank, one step above a full General, Army General or Colonel General. ... (help· info), IPA: , is the capital city as well as a state of Germany, and also the countrys largest city. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Croatian and Serbian: Beč Romanian: Viena, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya;) Vienna is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Jacobins can refer to the Jacobin Club, a political organization of the French Revolutionary Era ca. ...


Although it was widely rumoured that Adam Jerzy Czartoryski was the fruit of Repnin's liaison with Izabela Fleming, his legitimate children were three daughters. Upon his death, as the male line of the Repnins became extinct, Alexander I permitted his grandson Prince Nikolai Volkonsky to take the name Repnin and coat of arms of his grandfather. Noble Family Czartoryski Coat of Arms Czartoryski Parents Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski Izabela Fleming Consorts Anna Zofia Sapieha Children with Anna Zofia Sapieha Witold Czartoryski Władysław Czartoryski Izabella Elżbieta Czartoryska Date of Birth January 14, 1770 Place of Birth Warsaw, Poland Date of Death July 15, 1861 Place of Death Montfermeil... Noble Family Fleming Coat of Arms Fleming Parents Jerzy Detloff Fleming Antonina Czartoryska Consorts Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski Children with Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski Teresa Czartoryska Maria Anna Czartoryski Adam Jerzy Czartoryski Konstanty Adam Czartoryski Gabriela Czartoryska Zofia Czartoryska Date of Birth March 3, 1746 Place of Birth Warsaw, Poland Date of... Aleksander I Pavlovich Romanov (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


References

    • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

     
     

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