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Encyclopedia > Nicholas Monsarrat

Commander Nicholas John Turney Monsarrat RNVR (22 March 19108 August 1979) was a UK novelist best known today for his sea stories, particularly The Cruel Sea (1951). Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in leap years). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song). ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The cover of the UK 1956 paperback edition of: The Cruel Sea The Cruel Sea is a 1951 novel by Nicholas Monsarrat. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


Life

Born in Liverpool, Monsarrat attended Cambridge University with the intention of practicing law. The law failed to inspire him, however, and he turned instead to writing, moving to London and supporting himself as a freelance writer for newspapers while writing four novels and a play in the space of five years (19341939). Liverpool is a major city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England, along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary. ... The University of Cambridge, located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... Equality and the balancing of interests under law is symbolised by a blindfold and weighing scales For other senses of this word, see Law (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Though a pacifist, Monsarrat served in World War II, first as a member of an ambulance brigade and then as a member of the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve. His lifelong love of sailing made him a capable naval officer, and he served with distinction in a series of small warships assigned to escort convoys and protect them from enemy attack. Monsarrat ended the war as commander of a frigate, and drew on his wartime experience in his postwar sea stories. Pacifism is the opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes. ... Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33... The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom. ... A convoy is a group of vehicles traveling together for mutual support. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


Resigning his wartime commission in 1946, Monsarrat entered the diplomatic service. He was posted at first to Johannesburg, South Africa and then, in 1953, to Ottawa, Canada. He turned to writing full time in 1959, settling first on Guernsey, in the Channel Islands, and later on the Mediterranean island of Gozo (Malta). Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1850 as Town of Bytown Incorporated 1855 as City of Ottawa Amalgamated January 1, 2001 Mayor Larry OBrien Local government Ottawa City Council (21 councillors) MPs... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Channel Islands are a group of islands off the coast of Normandy, France, in the English Channel. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Gozo is an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, second in size to the island of Malta. ...


Work

Monsarrat's first three novels, published in 19341937 and now out of print, were realistic treatments of modern social problems informed by his leftist politics. The Visitor, his only play, fell into the same category. His fourth novel and first major work, This Is The Schoolroom, took a different approach. The story of a young, idealistic aspiring writer coming to grips with the "real world" for the first time, it is at least partly autobiographical. 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The Cruel Sea (1951), Monsarrat's first postwar novel, is widely regarded as his finest work, and is the only one of his novels that is still widely read. Based on his own wartime service, it followed the young naval officer Keith Lockhart through a series of postings in corvettes and frigates. It was one of the first novels to depict life aboard the vital, but unglamorous, "small ships" of World War II—ships for which the sea was as much a threat as the Germans. Monsarrat's short-story collections H.M.S. Marlborough Will Enter Harbour (1949), and The Ship That Died of Shame (1959) mined the same literary vein, and gained popularity by association with The Cruel Sea. The cover of the UK 1956 paperback edition of: The Cruel Sea The Cruel Sea is a 1951 novel by Nicholas Monsarrat. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... French steam corvette Dupleix (1856-1887) Canadian corvettes on antisubmarine convoy escort duty during World War II. A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, smaller than a frigate but larger than a coastal patrol craft. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The similar Three Corvettes (1945 and 1953) comprising H.M.Corvette (Flower class in the North Atlantic), East Coast Corvette (as First Officer of HMS Guillemot) and Corvette Command (as Commanding Officer of HMS Winger) is actually an anthology of three true-experience stories published by him during the war years and shows appropriate care for what the Censor might say. Thus Guillemot is Dipper and Shearwater is Winger in the book. 'H M Frigate' is similar but deals with his time in command of two Frigates. Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Censorship is the removal of information from the public, or the prevention of circulation of information, where it is desired or felt best by some controlling group or body, that others are not allowed to access the information which is being censored. ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ...


Monsarrat's other novels use a variety of settings, themes, and styles. Several, notably The Tribe That Lost Its Head (1956) and its sequel Richer Than All His Tribe (1968), draw on his experience in the diplomatic service. Several have peripheral connections to the sea: The Nylon Pirates (1960) tells a story of piracy aboard a modern ocean liner, and A Fair Day's Work (1964) deals with labor unrest in a shipyard. His final work, unfinished at the time of his death but published in its incomplete form, was a two-volume historical novel titled The Master Mariner. Based on the legend of the Wandering Jew, it told the story of an Elizabethan English seaman who, as punishment for a terrible act of cowardice, is doomed to sail the world's seas until the end of time. Reincarnating his hero at critical moments in history, Monsarrat used him to illustrate the central role of seamen. Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The Wandering Jew by Gustave Doré. For the plant of the same name, see Wandering Jew (plant). ... Elizabethan redirects here. ...


After his death the Royal Navy co-operated with his wish to be buried at sea. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ...


External links

  • FantasticFiction: Authors M: Nicholas Monsarrat
  • Paul Xuereb (2001). "Nicholas Monsarrat (1910–1979)" in The Gozo Observer 5 (March–June)
  • Bottom of page to see his ships

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nicholas Monsarrat (1124 words)
Nicholas Monsarrat is chiefly remembered for The Cruel Sea (1951), an international bestseller about the battle of the Atlantic during the Second World War.
Nicholas John Turney Monsarrat was born in Liverpool as the son of Keith Waldegrave Monsarrat, an eminent surgeon, and Marguerite (Turney) Monsarrat, the daughter of prosperous tradesman.
Monsarrat view was that Britain rule had been beneficial to the colonies and much of Africa was "far from ready for emancipation".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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