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Encyclopedia > Nicholas Longworth
Cover of Time Magazine (March 9, 1925)
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Cover of Time Magazine (March 9, 1925)

Nicholas Longworth (November 5, 1869-April 9, 1931) was a prominent American politician in the Republican Party during the first third of the 20th century. He served as the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1925 to 1931. Image File history File links 1101250309_400. ... Image File history File links 1101250309_400. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Representative Dennis Hastert of Illinois is currently the Speaker of the House of Representatives. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Longworth was born into an old, prominent, and wealthy Cincinnati, Ohio family. The Longworths dominated Cincinnati life as the Lytle family did before them and the Taft family would after them. After receiving his bachelor's degree from Harvard College and his law degree from the law school of Cincinnati College in 1894. As the protege of Republican Boss George Cox, his star rose quickly in the state legislature (1899-1903) and by 1902 he was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Cincinnati. Cincinnati is a city in southwestern Ohio, United States that lies on the Ohio River and is the county seat of Hamilton CountyGR6. ... The Lytle family of Cincinnati are considered to be Cincinnatis first family. ... The Taft family hails from Cincinnati, Ohio; its members have served Ohio and the United States in various positions, such as Governor of Ohio, U.S. Senator (two), Attorney General, Secretary of War (two), President, and Chief Justice. ... Harvard College is the main undergraduate section of Harvard University. ... The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States. ...


The new representative, still a bachelor, quickly became a popular bon vivant in Washington, D.C. society. He successfully wooed Alice Roosevelt, the daughter of President Theodore Roosevelt; they married in a stunning White House ceremony in 1906. Throughout their marriage, however, Longworth was rumored to have carried on his playboy ways. Washington, D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America. ... Alice Roosevelt, taken about 1900. ... Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was the 26th (1901–09) President of the United States. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Longworth was a workhorse, especially on issues regarding foreign affairs and the protective tariff. As the Progressive Republicans pulled apart from the conservatives in 1910-12, Longworth sided with the conservatives. Theodore Roosevelt, Longworth's father-in-law bolted the Republican convention in the 1912 election and set up a third party. Many of Roosevelt's closest political allies supported President William Howard Taft, including Longworth. Roosevelt's daughter Alice Roosevelt Longworth, however, stuck with her father, causing a permanent chill in her marriage. For men like Longworth expecting a future in politics, bolting the Republican party ticket was simply too radical a step. Because the Roosevelt people ran a candidate in his district Longworth was defeated in 1912. He returned to Congress in 1914, serving until his death, and became Majority Leader of the House in 1923. Presidential electoral votes by state. ... William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was an American politician, the 27th President of the United States, and the 10th Chief Justice of the United States. ... The Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives acts as the leader of the party that has a majority control of the seats in the house (at least 218 of the 435 seats). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After an effective term as Majority Leader, Longworth moved up to become Speaker in 1925 after Frederick Gillett took a seat in the United States Senate. Ironically, his first act as speaker was to restore much of the power to the office that had been stripped away during the revolt against Cannon. He served as speaker until the Republicans lost their House majority in the election of 1930. Representative Dennis Hastert of Illinois is currently the Speaker of the House of Representatives. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Cover of Time Magazine (November 17, 1924) Frederick Huntington Gillett (October 16, 1851–July 31, 1935) was a prominent U.S. politician during the early 20th century. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ...


Longworth died unexpectedly a few months later and was buried in Cincinnati. He is memorialized in the Longworth House Office Building on Capitol Hill, where many Congressmen have their offices.


See also

Voters in Ohio, as in other U.S. states elect a certain number of representatives to the United States House of Representatives. ...

References

  • Garraty, John A. and Mark C. Carnes. American National Biography, vol. 13, "Longworth, Nicholas". New York : Oxford University Press, 1999.
Preceded by:
Frederick H. Gillett
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
December 7, 1925March 3, 1927;
December 5, 1927March 3, 1929;
April 15, 1929March 3, 1931
Succeeded by:
John Nance Garner
Speakers of the United States House of Representatives Seal of the United States House of Representatives
Muhlenberg | Trumbull | Muhlenberg | Dayton | Sedgwick | Macon | Varnum | Clay | Cheves | Clay | Taylor | Barbour | Clay | Taylor | Stevenson | Bell | Polk | Hunter | White | Jones | Davis | Winthrop | Cobb | Boyd | Banks | Orr | Pennington | Grow | Colfax | Pomeroy | Blaine | Kerr | Randall | Keifer | Carlisle | Reed | Crisp | Reed | Henderson | Cannon | Clark | Gillett | Longworth | Garner | Rainey | Byrns | Bankhead | Rayburn | Martin | Rayburn | Martin | Rayburn | McCormack | Albert | O'Neill | Wright | Foley | Gingrich | Hastert
Majority Leaders of the United States House of Representatives Seal of the United States House of Representatives
Payne | Underwood | Kitchin | Mondell | Longworth | Tilson | Rainey | Byrns | Bankhead | Rayburn | McCormack | Halleck | McCormack | Halleck | McCormack | Albert | Boggs | O'Neill | Wright | Foley | Gephardt | Armey | DeLay | Blunt

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nicholas Longworth (1630 words)
Longworth was to be suddenly thrown, neck and heels, into the Ohio River, he would come to the surface with a new variety of fish in each hand.
Longworth to enter systematically upon its cultivation, and to take measures for manufacturing the wine on a scale extensive enough to encourage the establishment of numerous vineyards, and to afford a market on his own premises for all the Must that could be made and delivered to him in a circuit of fifty miles.
Longworth soon induced other gentlemen resident in the vicinity of Cincinnati, and favorably situated for the purpose, to undertake the culture of the Catawba, and several of them are now regularly and extensively engaged in the manufacture of wine.
Nicholas Longworth - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1334 words)
Nicholas Longworth was the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1925 until 1931
Nicholas Longworth (November 5, 1869 - April 9, 1931) was a prominent American politician in the Republican Party during the first few decades of the 20th century.
In 1902, Longworth was elected to the United States House of Representatives from a Cincinnati-area district.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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