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Encyclopedia > Niceto Alcalá Zamora
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 18:46, 6 Jan 2005 . . Jugoslaven (11912 bytes) File links The following pages...
File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 18:46, 6 Jan 2005 . . Jugoslaven (11912 bytes) File links The following pages... Enlarge
Niceto Alcala Zamora

Niceto Alcalá-Zamora y Torres ( July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. Events 1200-1899 1253 - Mindaugas crowned king of Lithuania. 1483 - Richard III crowned king of England. 1484 - Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cao finds the mouth of Congo River 1609... July 6, 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). Events January - April January 1 - Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India by the Royal Titles Act, introduced by United Kingdom Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli. January 8 - Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United... 1877 February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 316 days remaining (317 in leap years). Events 3102 BC - Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga. 1478 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed... February 18, 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. Events January January 4 - RMS Caronia of the Cunard Line departs Southampton for New York on her maiden voyage January 4 - February 22 - Series of winter storms in Nebraska, Wyoming, South Dakota, Utah, Colorado and Nevada - winds of up to 72 mph... 1949), served as first president of the Flag of the Spanish Republics. The Second Spanish Republic (1931 – 1939) was the second period in Spanish history in which the election of both the positions of Head of State and Head of government were in the hands of the people. The First Spanish Republic was from 1873 –... Second Spanish Republic from 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January-March January 4 - Female aviator Elly Beinhorn begins her flight to Africa January 6 - Thomas Edison submits his last patent application. January 22 - Sir Isaac Isaacs sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia January 25 - Mohandas... 1931 to 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 15 -- The first building to be completely covered in glass is completed in Toledo, Ohio, for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company. January 20 - Death of George V of the United Kingdom. His... 1936. He was succeeded by Manuel Azana Dr. Manuel Azaña Diaz (Alcala de Henares (Madrid), Spain, 1880 - Montauban, France, November 3, 1940) was the second and last President of the Second Spanish Republic. He had previously served as Minister of War in the first government of the Second Spanish Republic (April-June 1931... Manuel Azaña.


Alcala-Zamora was born in Priego de Cordova, The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spain. A lawyer by profession, from a very young age he agitated in the Liberal Party. Chosen as a deputy he quickly gained fame for his eloquent interventions in the The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. It has 350 members, elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation in constituencies matching the Spanish provinces using the DHondt method. Deputies serve four... Congress of Deputies, arriving to be minister of Promotion in 1917 and of War in 1922, comprised part of the governments of concentration presided over by García Prieto. He was also Spain’s representative in the The League of Nations was an international organisation founded after the First World War with its constitution being approved by the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. The Leagues goals included disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation and diplomacy, and improving global welfare. The... League of Nations.


Disappointed by the acceptance on the part of the King, Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 - February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. He reigned from 1886-1931. His mother, Queen Maria Christina, was appointed regent during his minority. In 1902, on attaining his 16th year, the... Alfonso XIII, of the coup d'etat by General Spanish dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja (Jerez, January 8, 1870 - Paris, March 16, 1930) was a Spanish military official who ruled Spain as a dictator from 1923 to 1930, ending the turno system of alternating parties. Born into a wealthy family, he... Miguel Primo de Rivera on September 13, 1923, he did not collaborate with the new regime. After the departure of the dictator in 1930 he declared himself a republican in a sounded meeting that took place on April 13 in the Apolo theater of Pavement of a Valencia street, with arbour. Many ordinary places in the city are designed with attention to detail, and a sense of aesthetics. This article is about the original city in Spain called Valencia. For other uses of the name, see Valencia (disambiguation). Valencia (Spanish: Valencia /balenθ... Valencia. He was one of the instigators of the Pact of San Sebastián. The failure of the military uprising (Revolt of Jaca) of that same year took him to prison, as member of the revolutionary committee, which he left after the municipal elections of April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). There are 263 days remaining. Events 467 - Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire 1606 - The Union Flag is adopted as the national flag of Great Britain. 1633 - The formal... April 12, 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January-March January 4 - Female aviator Elly Beinhorn begins her flight to Africa January 6 - Thomas Edison submits his last patent application. January 22 - Sir Isaac Isaacs sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia January 25 - Mohandas... 1931. In these elections, although they generally defeated the monarchist candidates, the victory of the republicans in the provincial capitals accelerated the breakdown of the monarchists and the abandonment of power on the part of the king. Without waiting for the next general elections, Alcala-Zamora presided over a revolutionary A provisional government is an emergency or interim government set up when a political void has been created by the collapse of a previous administration or regime. A provisional government holds power until elections can be held or a permanent government can otherwise be established. Provisional governments often occur as... provisional government who occupied the ministries on April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). There are 261 days remaining. Events up to 19th century 43 BC - Battle of Forum Gallorum. Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesars assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the... April 14 and proclaimed the Second Republic.


Confirmed in the presidency after the June elections, he resigned in October 1931, along with Miguel Maura, minister of the Interior, due to the disagreement of both Catholic progressives with the writing of articles 24 and 26 of the new For the entry on the naval ship U.S.S. Constitution, see: USS Constitution. An organizations constitution defines its form, structure, activities, character, and fundamental rules. To view particular constitutions, refer to the list of national constitutions. The term comes from Latin constitutio, which referred to any important law... Constitution, which consecrated the separation of Church-State and made possible the dissolution of the religious orders that were considered dangerous for the State. Although they weighed other personal reasons, the adduced ones for both resignations were that these articles injured their religious feelings as well as those of the Catholic electorate who supported them.


Nevertheless, on December 10, 1931 he was elected President of the Second Spanish Republic, by 362 votes out of 410 present deputies (the Chamber was composed of 446 deputies). He stayed this in position until April 7, 1936.


The elections of November 1933 gave the victory to the right, with whom Alcala-Zamora maintained terrible relations, with constant institutional confrontations throughout the biennium. The most voted party was the Confederación Española de Derechas Autónomas (CEDA), but its leader (for the Catholic politician in the Spanish Civil War, see José María Gil Robles y Quinoñes) José Maria Gil-Robles is a Spanish politician. He was formerly a Member of the European Parliament in the European Peoples Party group, and was President of the... José Maria Gil-Robles yielded power to Alejandro Lerroux García (La Rambla, Córdoba, 1864 - Madrid, 1949) was a Spanish politician who was the leader of the Spanish Radical Party during the Second Spanish Republic. He agitated as young man in the ranks of the radical republicans, as a follower of Ruiz Zorrilla. He... Alejandro Lerroux. In October 1934 Gil-Robles obtained two ministerial portfolios that he later extended to five in March 1935 without trying to obtain the presidency of the government (Prime Minister). When in the end he decided to try, Alcala-Zamora dissolved the Cortes to avoid it.


In 1936, in a very controversial decision by the Congress, it considered the dissolution of the Cortes carried out on January 7, 1936, was illegal and for that reason was dismissed, although this dissolution was the one that made possible the celebration of elections and the consequent triumph of the Popular Front. Its decision to dissolve Cortes in 1933 had already cost him critical support on the part of the left, but he, on the other hand, refused to put power into the hands of CEDA, since he reasonably distrusted the democratic spirit of the party of Gil-Robles.


The beginning of the Alternative meaning: Spanish Civil War, 1820-1823 A republican soldier seeks cover on the Plaza de Toros in Teruel, east of Madrid. The Spanish Civil War (1936 - 1939) was the result of complex political differences between the Republicans — supporters of the government of the day, the Second Spanish Republic... Spanish Civil War surprised him on a trip to Scandinavia. He decided not to return to Spain when he found out, according to accounts in his memoirs rewritten during his exile, of which militiamen of the Popular Front government had illegally entered his domicile, stole his belongings and plundered his safe-deposit box in the bank Crédit Lyonnais is a French bank. It used to be the largest French bank, and it was state-owned. History Founded in 1863 in Lyons by Henri Germain, Crédit Lyonnais was nationalised in 1945. During the 1990s it has been the subject of financial scandals, and... Crédit Lyonnais in This article is about the Spanish capital. For other entries, see Madrid (disambiguation). Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25N, 3°45W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was... Madrid, taking the manuscript of his memoirs. He fixed his residence to The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France when Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War II began.


After multiple hardships, due to the German occupation and the collaborationist attitude of the Vichy government, he left France and after a laborious trip of 441 days by ship he arrived in Argentina on January 1942, where he lived on his books, articles and conferences.


He did not want to return to Spain during the pro-Franco regime although, apparently, some offer was given to him since a son of his was married to a daughter of General Gonzalo Queipo de Llano y Sierra (Tordesillas, Spain, February 5, 1875 - Seville, March 9, 1951) was a Spanish Army Officer during the Spanish Civil War. Educated at a seminary, he ran away and enlisted in the Spanish Army as a gunner. He later entered the Royal Cavalry Academy of Valladolid... Gonzalo Queipo de Llano, one of the protagonists of the rising.


Alcala-Zamora died in Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. The city proper has a population of 2,776,234 according to the... Buenos Aires, Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. It is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast and Chile in the west. The country is formally named Rep... Argentina. After his passing, his body was brought back to Spain in 1979 where he was interred in the The Cementerio de la Almudena, is the largest cemetery in Madrid, Spain. Among those interred here are: Niceto Alcalá Zamora (1877-1949), president of Spain Vicente Aleixandre (1898-1984), poet, Nobel laureate Dámaso Alonso (1898-1990), writer José Bódalo (1916-1985), actor Julia Caba Alba (1902-1988), actress... Cementerio de la Almudena in This article is about the Spanish capital. For other entries, see Madrid (disambiguation). Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25N, 3°45W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was... Madrid, Spain.

Preceded by:

King Alfonso XIII Alfonso XIII of Spain ( May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. He reigned from 1886-1931. His mother, Queen Maria Christina, was appointed regent during his minority. In 1902, on attaining his... Alfonso XIII of Spain

Today, Spain is a monarchy, and there is thus no person holding the title of President of Spain. However, the Prime Minister holds the official title of President of the Government and is often referred to as the President. For these, see Prime Minister of Spain. During the First Spanish... Spanish heads of state

Succeeded by:
President Manuel Azana Dr. Manuel Azaña Diaz (Alcala de Henares (Madrid), Spain, 1880 - Montauban, France, November 3, 1940) was the second and last President of the Second Spanish Republic. He had previously served as Minister of War in the first government of the Second Spanish Republic (April-June 1931... Manuel Azaña

 
 

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