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Encyclopedia > Nice

Coordinates: 43°42′10″N, 7°16′09″E Look up nice in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Ville de Nice

Motto: Nicæa civitas.

Location
Map highlighting the commune of Nice Place
Time Zone CET (GMT +1)
Coordinates 43°42′10″N, 7°16′09″E
Administration
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes (06)
Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte d'Azur
Mayor Christian Estrosi (UMP)
(since 2008)
Statistics
Land area¹ 71.92 km²
Population²
(2004 estimate)
347,100
 - Ranking 5th in France
 - Density 4,826/km² (2004)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Nice (IPA: [nis]; Niçard Occitan: Nissa or Niça [classical norm], Italian: Nizza) is a city in southern France located on the Mediterranean coast, between Marseille, France, and Genoa, Italy, with 1,197,751 inhabitants in the metropolitan area at the 2007 estimate. The city is a major tourist centre and a leading resort on the French Riviera (Côte d'Azur). It is the historical capital city of the County of Nice. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Paris_plan_pointer_b_jms. ... Image File history File links France_jms. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Alpes_Maritimes is a département in the extreme southeast corner of France. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... Founded January 1, 2002 President Jacques Peyrat (UMP) (since 2002) Communes 23 Area 328. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Christian Estrosi (born July 1, 1955) is a French politician and is Secretary of State in charge of the French Overseas, under Michèle Alliot-Marie, minister of the interior. ... The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, UMP), is the main French centre-right political party. ... This is a list of communes in France with a population over 20,000 at the 1999 census. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nicard (Niçois - French, Nissart - Niçard) is a distinct dialect of the Provençal language spoken in and around the city of Nice, or Nissa in Niçard, and the historical region Le Comté de Nice/Lou Coumtat de Nissa which is almost equivalent to the current French d... Occitan (IPA AmE: ), known also as Lenga dòc or Langue doc (native name: occitan [1], lenga dòc [2]; native nickname: la lenga nòstra [3] i. ... This region consists of the southern part of France. ... Mediterranean redirects here. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Nice metropolitan area (French: ) as defined by INSEE is a residential area near Nice. ... The Quai des États-Unis in Nice on the French Riviera at night. ... Foncet Garden, Nice County of Nice flag County of Nice coat of arms The County of Nice or Niçard Country (Niçard Occitan: Comtat de Niça / País Niçard, French: Comté de Nice / Pays Niçois, Italian: Contea di Nizza / Paese Nizzardo) is a historical region of...

Contents

History

For the ecclesiastical history, see bishopric of Nice The first known human settlements in the Nice area date back approximately 400,000 years; the Terra Amata archeological site shows one of the earliest uses of fire and construction of houses. Nice (Nicaea) was probably founded around 350 BC by the Greeks of Massilia (Marseille), and was given the name of Νικαία ("Nikaia") in honour of a victory over the neighbouring Ligurians (Nike is the Greek goddess of victory). The city soon became one of the busiest trading ports on the Ligurian coast; but it had an important rival in the Roman town of Cemenelum, which continued to exist as a separate city until the time of the Lombard invasions. The ruins of Cemenelum are located in Cimiez, which is now a district in Nice. The diocese of Nice comprises the Départment of Alpes-Maritimes. ... Terra Amata is an archaeological site nearFrench town of Nice. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... Ligurian may mean one of several things: Pertaining to the ancient Ligures Pertaining to modern Liguria Ligurian language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article discusses the Greek Goddess. ... For the 1934 film, see The Goddess (1934 film). ... Cimiez is an upper class neighborhood in Nice, France. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, whence comes the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... Cimiez is an upper class neighborhood in Nice, France. ...


In the 7th century, Nice joined the Genoese League formed by the towns of Liguria. In 729 the city repulsed the Saracens; but in 859 and again in 880 the Saracens pillaged and burned it, and for most of the 10th century remained masters of the surrounding country. For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Liguria is a coastal region of north-western Italy, the third smallest of the Italian regions. ... For the rugby club Saracens see Saracens (rugby club) The term Saracen comes from Greek sarakenoi. ...


During the Middle Ages, Nice participated in the wars and history of Italy. As an ally of Pisa it was the enemy of Genoa, and both the King of France and the Emperor endeavoured to subjugate it; but in spite of this it maintained its municipal liberties. During the course of the 13th and 14th centuries the city fell more than once into the hands of the Counts of Provence; and at length in 1388 the commune placed itself under the protection of the Counts of Savoy. Nice (called Nizza in Italian) participated - directly or indirectly - in the history of Savoy up until 1860. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... For other uses, see Pisa (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Kings ruled in France from the Middle Ages to 1848. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... For other uses, see Liberty (disambiguation). ... The now-extinct title of Count of Provence belonged to local families of Frankish origin, to the House of Barcelona, to the House of Anjou and to a cadet branch of the House of Valois. ... The Counts of Savoy (Italian Savoia, French Savoie) emerged, along with the free communes of Switzerland, from the collapse of the Frankish Kingdom of Burgundy. ...


The maritime strength of Nice now rapidly increased until it was able to cope with the Barbary pirates; the fortifications were largely extended and the roads to the city improved. In 1561 Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, abolished the use of Latin and established the Italian language as the official language of Nice. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Emmanuel Filiberto, Duke of Savoy (July 8, 1528, Chambéry - August 30, 1580, Turin) was Duke of Savoy from 1553 to 1580. ... Italian ( , or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people,[4] primarily in Italy. ...


During the struggle between Francis I and Charles V great damage was caused by the passage of the armies invading Provence; pestilence and famine raged in the city for several years. It was in Nice that the two monarchs in 1538 concluded, through the mediation of Pope Paul III, a truce of ten years. Francis I of France (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Coat of arms of Provence Provence (Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) was a Roman province and now is a region of southeastern France on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Italy. ... Look up pestilence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Pope Paul III with his cardinal-nephew Alessandro Cardinal Farnese (left) and his other grandson (right), Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma Pope Paul III (February 29, 1468 – November 10, 1549), born Alessandro Farnese, was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1534 to his death 1549. ... The Italian War of 1535 between Charles V and Francis I of France began with the death of Francesco Maria Sforza, the duke of Milan. ...


In 1543, Nice was attacked by the united forces of Francis I and Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha; and, though the inhabitants repulsed the assault which succeeded the terrible bombardment, they were ultimately compelled to surrender, and Barbarossa was allowed to pillage the city and to carry off 2,500 captives. Pestilence appeared again in 1550 and 1580. Barbarossa Khair ad Din Pasha Barbarossa Khair ad Din Pasha (circa 1475-1546) was an Ottoman-Turkish admiral and privateer who served in the Ottoman Empire and in the Barbary Coast. ...


In 1600, Nice was briefly taken by the duke of Guise. By the opening the ports of the countship to all nations, and proclaiming full freedom of trade (1626), the commerce of the city was given great stimulus, the noble families taking part in its mercantile enterprises. Captured by Catinat in 1691, Nice was restored to Savoy in 1696; but it was again besieged by the French in 1705, and in the following year its citadel and ramparts were demolished. The House of Guise was a French ducal family, primarily responsible for the French Wars of Religion. ... Nicolas Catinat (1637 - 1712), marshal of France, entered the Gardes Françaises at an early age and distinguished himself at the siege of Lille in 1667. ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... This article is about a type of fortification. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ...


The treaty of Utrecht in 1713 once more gave the city back to Savoy; and in the peaceful years which followed the "new town" was built. From 1744 till the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) the French and Spaniards were again in possession. In 1775 the king of Sardinia destroyed all that remained of the ancient liberties of the commune. Conquered in 1792 by the armies of the First French Republic, the County of Nice continued to be part of France until 1814; but after that date it reverted to the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont. The Treaties of Utrecht (April 11, 1713) were signed in Utrecht, a city of the United Provinces. ... There were two Treaties of Aix-la-Chapelle. ... Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1839: Mainland Piedmont with Savoy, Nice, and Sardinia in the inset. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... The French people proclaimed Frances First Republic on 21 September 1792 as a result of the French Revolution and of the abolition of the French monarchy. ... Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1839: Mainland Piedmont, with Savoia upper left (pink) and Nizza (Nice) lower left (brown) both now French, and Sardinia in the inset The Kingdom of Sardinia is a former kingdom in Italy. ...


By a treaty concluded in 1860 between the Sardinian king and Napoleon III, the County was again ceded to France as a territorial reward for French assistance in the Second Italian War of Independence against Austria, which saw Lombardy unified with Piedmont-Sardinia. The cession was ratified by over 25,000 electors out of a total of 30,700. Savoy was also transferred to the French crown by similar means. Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... Combatants Second French Empire Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia Austrian Empire Commanders Napoleon III Victor Emmanuel II Giuseppe Garibaldi Ferencz Graf Gyulai Franz Josef I Strength 206,000 242,000 The Second War of Italian Independence, Franco-Austrian War, or Austro-Sardinian War was fought by Napoleon III of France and... For the village of the same name in Ontario, Canada, see Lombardy, Ontario. ... Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1839: Mainland Piedmont, with Savoia upper left (pink) and Nizza (Nice) lower left (brown) both now French, and Sardinia in the inset The Kingdom of Sardinia is a former kingdom in Italy. ...


Giuseppe Garibaldi, born in Nice, strongly opposed the cession to France (arguing that was not done with "universal" vote) and in 1866 there were even popular riots in the city, promoted by "Garibaldini" in favour of the unification of Nice to Italy. The Italian Irredentists considered Nice one of their main nationalistic requests and in 1942/3 the city was occupied and administered by Italy during World War II. Giuseppe Garibaldi (July 4, 1807 – June 2, 1882) was an Italian patriot and General of the Risorgimento. ... Italia Irredenta (English: Unredeemed Italy) was an Italian patriotic and political party, which was of importance in the last quarter of the 19th century. ...


The dawn of the 20th century was the arrival of a modern mode of transport. In 1900, the Tramway de Nice electrified its horse drawn tramway and spread its network to Menton and Cagnes-sur-Mer, equipping the city of a modern mode of transport. The tramway in Nice. ... Menton (Occitan: Menton in classical norm or Mentan in Mistralian norm; Italian: Mentone) is a town and commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département of the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur région of France. ... Cagnes-sur-Mer is a town and commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in southeastern France. ...


In the second half of the 20th century, Nice bore the influence of mayor Jean Médecin (mayor for 33 years from 1928 to 1943 and 1947 to 1965) and his son Jacques (mayor for 24 years from 1966 to 1990). On October 16, 1979 23 people died when the coast of Nice was hit by a tsunami. As accusations of political corruption against Jacques Médecin grew, he fled France in 1990 and was arrested in Uruguay in 1993, leading to his extradition in 1994. He was then convicted of several counts of corruption and associated crimes and sentenced to prison. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Jean Médecin (December 2 1890-November 18 1965) was a French lawyer and politician. ... Jacques Médecin (1928-1998) was a French politician. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... World map of the Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International, which measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. High numbers (green) indicate relatively less corruption, whereas lower numbers (red) indicate relatively more corruption. ...


In 2003, local head prosecutor Éric de Montgolfier alleged that some judicial cases involving local personalities had been suspiciously derailed by the local judiciary, which he suspected of having unhealthy contacts, through Masonic lodges, with the very people that they are supposed to prosecute or judge. A controversial official report stated that de Montgolfier had made unwarranted accusations. The prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution in countries adopting the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system. ... Éric de Montgolfier is a famous French prosecutor (procureur de la République). ... Freemasons redirects here. ...


Christian Estrosi is the mayor of Nice since 2008. He is a member of the UMP party. Union for a Popular Movement Uridine monophosphate, cf. ...


Administration

Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région, Nice is a commune and the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Alpes-Maritimes département. However, it is also the largest city in France that is not a regional capital; the much larger Marseille is its regional capital. (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... {{ Haute-Normandie ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... A prefecture (French: ) in France can refer to : the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a département is located ; the Chef-lieu de région, the town in which the administration of a région is located ; the jurisdiction of a préfecture... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Alpes_Maritimes is a département in the extreme southeast corner of France. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban...


Climate

View of the old town
View of the old town
Quai des Etats-Unis and Promenade des Anglais in the distance
Quai des Etats-Unis and Promenade des Anglais in the distance

Before referring to climate tables, one should be aware that the official Nice temperatures are recorded at the airport, which is a climatically different place than the rest of the town, being more vulnerable to marine air and winds from the Var valley. Airport temperatures are therefore different from town ones : daytime airport temperatures are slightly higher, while nighttime temperatures are significantly lowe. For example, on the 24th of January 2007, a minimum of 0.9°C was recorded at the airport while the temperature didn't go below 6°C in the city itself. The following statistics and descriptions use official temperatures. Image File history File links Wikitext. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 791 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1620 × 1228 pixel, file size: 691 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 791 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1620 × 1228 pixel, file size: 691 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 472 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Nice France ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 472 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Nice France ... The Promenade des Anglais (Promenade of the English) is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. ...


Nice has a Mediterranean climate : the city enjoys mild temperatures most of the year; rainfall is very moderate and mainly concentrated in the darkest part of the year (September to March).


Winters, starting in December, are cool to mild with daytime temperature generally remaining between 10°C and 17°C and colder overnight lows. However, the temperature rarely reaches freezing point, which occur only once or twice a year. During winter, overcast skies are common and sporadic rain falls.


As winter ends in March, weather becomes more unstable and unpredictable : warm, sunny days (26°C the 2nd of March 2007) can be followed by sudden hailstorms and cold fronts (7°C the 1st of April 2007).


However, generally, the weather becomes increasingly sunny as summer approaches.
Summers start quite late because of a notable season lag. Drought starts in July, and really hot temperatures become common in August, which is the warmest month with daytime highs frequently reaching 35°C. Summer heat is however often moderated by a cool and pleasant sea breeze.
Autumn, starting in late September, is generally warm until mid-November, and rainy (especially October with an average rainfall of 140mm).


Nice is a windy city, especially in spring.


Snow is so rare that it is remembered by inhabitants as special events.

Climate Table
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 13 13 15 17 20 24 27 28 25 21 16 14
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C) 6 6 8 10 14 17 20 20 17 14 9 6
Source: MSN Meteo

For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ...

Economy

Nice is the seat of Chambre de commerce et d'industrie Nice Côte d'Azur. It manages both the Nice Côte d'Azur Airport, the Cannes-Mandelieu Airport as well as the Port of Nice. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département. ... , Côte dAzur International Airport or Nice Côte dAzur Airport (French: ) (IATA: NCE, ICAO: LFMN) is an airport in Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes department of France. ... For the annual festival, see Cannes Film Festival. ... Mandelieu-la-Napoule is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département in France, located on the French Riviera just to the southwest of Cannes and northeast of Théoule-sur-Mer. ...


Nice has the second market of national interest of France, the first port cement-manufacturer of France as well as a great number of museums and hotels. For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ...


Nice is the second most popular French city among tourists after Paris, which, combined with the difficulties of the terrestrial communications at long distance (because of the Alpes), allows Nice to have the second busiest airport of France in terms of passenger numbers (close to 10,000,000 passengers in 2005). This article is about the capital of France. ... Alpes are three departments in south-east France Basses-Alpes Hautes-Alpes Alpes Maritimes Categories: Départements of France | France geography stubs ...


Nice has two conference centres, Palais des Congrès Acropolis and Palais des Congrès de Nice. Nice has several business parks; l' Arenas, Nice the Plain, Nice Méridia, Saint Isidore, Northern Forum. There are also several shopping centres in Nice like Nice Star, Nice TNL, Nice Lingostière, Northern Forum, St-Isidore, the Trinity (around the Auchan hypermarket) and Cape 3000 with Saint-Laurent-du-Var. Saint-Laurent-du-Var (population 27,141 in 1999) is a town and commune in southeast France, in the département of Alpes-Maritimes, on the French Riviera. ...


Sophia Antipolis is a technology park northwest of Antibes. Much of the park is within the commune of Valbonne. Established between 1970 and 1984, it primarily houses companies in the fields of computing, electronics, pharmacology and biotechnology. Several institutions of higher learning are also located here, along with the European headquarters of W3C. Sophia Antipolis is a technology park north-west of Nice, France. ... Antibes (Provençal Occitan: Antíbol in classical norm or Antibo in Mistralian norm) is a resort town of southeastern France, on the Mediterranean Sea in the Côte dAzur, located between Cannes and Nice. ... Valbonne is a village and commune near Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes département, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur région of southeastern France. ...


Sophia Antipolis is named after Sophie Glikman-Toumarkine, the wife of French Senator Pierre Laffitte, founder of the park, and incidentally, Sophia, the goddess of wisdom, and Antipolis, the ancient Greek name of Antibes. Sophia Antipolis is a technology park north-west of Nice, France. ...


Port of Nice

View of the port of Nice
View of the port of Nice

The port of Nice is also known as Lympia port. This name comes from the Lympia source which fed a small lake in a marshy zone where in 1745 work of the port ¹ was started. It constitutes today the principal harbour installation of Nice - there is also a small port in the Carras district. The port of Nice is the first port cement manufacturer of France in connection with the treatment plants of the rollers of the valley of Paillon. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. ...


Fishing activities remain but the number of professional fishermen is now lower than 10. Nice, being the point of continental France nearest to Corsica, has ferry connections with the island developed with the arrival of NGV or navires at high speed. Two companies ensure the connections: SNCM, a partially public company and Corsica Ferries - Sardinia Ferries, an entirely private company. Located in front of the port, the place Cassini was renamed place of Corsica. For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ... A Natural gas vehicle or NGV is a vehicle that uses compressed natural gas (CNG) or, less commonly, liquified natural gas (LNG)) as a clean alternative to other automobile fuels. ... SNCM (Société Nationale Maritime Corse Méditerranée) is a ferries company operating in the Mediterranean sea. ... For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and possibly their vehicles, on a relatively short-distance, regularly-scheduled service. ... Sardinia (pronounced ; Italian: ; Sardinian: or ) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily). ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and possibly their vehicles, on a relatively short-distance, regularly-scheduled service. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ...


Nice Côte d'Azur Airport

The Côte d'Azur International Airport or Nice Côte d'Azur Airport (French: Aéroport Nice Côte d'Azur) (IATA: NCE, ICAO: LFMN) is an airport in Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes department of France. It is the third most important airport in France after Charles de Gaulle International Airport and Orly Airport, both in Paris. It is on the Promenade des Anglais, near l'Arénas and has two terminals. Due to its proximity to the Principality of Monaco, it also serves as that city-state's airport, with helicopter service linking the city and airport. , Côte dAzur International Airport or Nice Côte dAzur Airport (French: ) (IATA: NCE, ICAO: LFMN) is an airport in Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes department of France. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Alpes_Maritimes is a département in the extreme southeast corner of France. ... Charles de Gaulle International Airport (IATA: CDG, ICAO: LFPG) (French: ), also known as Roissy Airport (or just Roissy in French), in Paris, is one of the worlds principal aviation centres, as well as Frances main international airport. ... For the NATO military use of this facility, see Orly Air Base (Paris). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Promenade des Anglais (Promenade of the English) is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. ... An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer from ground transportation to the facilities that allow them to board airplanes. ... A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ...


It is run by the Chamber of Commerce and the Nice Côte d'Azur industry. Its director is Hervé de Place, director of the Côte d'Azur airports, which includes Côte d'Azur International Airport's cousin airport, Cannes-Mandelieu. In 2006, 9,948,035 passengers travelled through the airport. For the annual festival, see Cannes Film Festival. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Places of interest

Saint Nicolas Orthodox Cathedral
Saint Nicolas Orthodox Cathedral

The Promenade des Anglais ("Walk of the English") is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. Before Nice was urbanized, the coast at Nice was just bordered by a deserted band of beach covered by large pebbles. The first houses were located on higher ground well away from the sea. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 900 pixel, file size: 165 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A view along the Promenade des Anglais in Nice at night. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 900 pixel, file size: 165 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A view along the Promenade des Anglais in Nice at night. ... The Promenade des Anglais (Promenade of the English) is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 613 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 613 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Hotel Negresco The Hotel Negresco on the Promenade des Anglais on the Baie des Anges in Nice, France was named for Henri Negresco (1868-1920) who had the palatial hotel constructed in 1912. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (515x680, 76 KB) ru:Собор Святого Николая в Ницце. Автор фотографии: Юрий Менделеев. Получено разрешение на свободное использовании фотографии (при условии указания автора фотографии) fr:La Cathédrale Orthodoxe Russe Saint-Nicolas. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (515x680, 76 KB) ru:Собор Святого Николая в Ницце. Автор фотографии: Юрий Менделеев. Получено разрешение на свободное использовании фотографии (при условии указания автора фотографии) fr:La Cathédrale Orthodoxe Russe Saint-Nicolas. ... The Cathedrale Orthodoxe Russe Saint-Nicolas is a French national monument located in the town of Nice. ... The Promenade des Anglais (Promenade of the English) is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. ... Mediterranean redirects here. ...


Starting in the second half of the 18th century, the English took to spending the winter in Nice, enjoying the panorama along the coast. When a particularly harsh winter up north brought an influx of beggars to Nice, some of the rich Englishmen proposed a useful project for them: the construction of walkway (chemin de promenade) along the sea.


The city of Nice, intrigued by the prospect of a pleasant promenade, greatly increased the scope of the work. The Promenade was first called the Camin dei Anglès (the English Way) by the Niçois in their native dialect Nissart. After the annexation of Nice by France in 1860 it was rechristened La Promenade des Anglais, replacing the former Nissart name with its French translation. Nicard (Niçois - French, Nissart - Niçard) is a distinct dialect of the Provençal language spoken in and around the city of Nice, or Nissa in Niçard, and the historical region Le Comté de Nice/Lou Coumtat de Nissa which is almost equivalent to the current French d...


The Hotel Negresco on the Promenade des Anglais on the Baie des Anges in Nice, France was named for Henri Negresco (1868-1920) who had the palatial hotel constructed in 1912. In keeping with the conventions of the times, when the Negresco first opened in 1913 its front opened on the side opposite the Mediterranean. Hotel Negresco The Hotel Negresco on the Promenade des Anglais on the Baie des Anges in Nice, France was named for Henri Negresco (1868-1920) who had the palatial hotel constructed in 1912. ... The Promenade des Anglais (Promenade of the English) is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. ...

Château de Chenonceau in the Loire valley, France A rural château in France. ...

Religious

  • Sainte-Réparate Cathedral, 17th century
  • Saint-Jacques Church, 17th century
  • The Saint Nicolas Orthodox Cathedral
  • Sainte Jeanne d'Arc Church, 20th century

The Cathedrale Orthodoxe Russe Saint-Nicolas is a French national monument located in the town of Nice. ... Sainte Jeanne dArc at night Sainte Jeanne dArc is a Catholic church located in Nice, France noticeable for its original architecture. ...

Sports and entertainment

Stade Municipal du Ray is a multi-use stadium in Nice, France. ... Image:Fr:Ehrmann1. ... Palais Nikaia is an indoor concert hall and multi-purpose facility located in Nice, France. ...

Demography

According to the estimates of INSEE, the population of Nice was 347,900 inhabitants on January 1 2005. Nice is thus the fifth largest city in France, behind Paris, Marseilles, Lyon and Toulouse. The Agglomeration of Nice, defined by INSEE, is home to 888,784 inhabitants (fifth of France) and its urban surface totals 933,080 inhabitants, which makes it the sixth largest in France. INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Marseilles redirects here. ... This article is about the French city. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ...


The city saw a big demographic rise in second half of the 19th century, a period when the population more than doubled, mainly due to Italian immigration. At the beginning of the 20th century, this rise intensified with the arrival of internal immigrants from the County of Nice itself.


After the First World War, the city had a strong increase in population. Immigration was again the reason of this growth. The hotel industry and that of the construction industry, in full strength in the 1920s, attracted world more and more and thus made it possible for Nice to become a town of national importance. In 1921, Nice then became the eleventh town of France, then in 1931, the eighth, before being classified with the sixth rank in 1946. The population increased very quickly in the 1950s, with the arrival of sixty thousand people. Thereafter, the city reached its current demographic level thanks to the repatriates of old French colonies, in particular those from Algeria. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... French Colonies is the name used by philatelists to refer to the postage stamps issued by France for use in the parts of the French colonial empire that did not have stamps of their own. ...


Since the 1970s, the number of inhabitants has not changed significantly; the relatively high migration to Nice is compensated by a negative natural increase of the population. Nice has a high proportion of elderly people.


Currently, the population of the city is growing again, the reason of which is undoubtedly heliotropism. Nice is projected to have 350000 citizens in 2005, 360000 in 2008, 370000 in 2012.


Squares

View of the Place Masséna
View of the Place Masséna
Place du Palais view of the Rusca palace
Place du Palais view of the Rusca palace

Like any Mediterranean city, the town of Nice has squares; allowing people to gather, to organize great shows, performances or public display, or just to sit down at a terrace. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 772 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 772 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Place Masséna

The Place Masséna is the main square of the city. Before the covering of the Paillon River, the Pont-Neuf was the only practicable path between the old town and the modern one. The square was thus divided into two parts (North and South) in 1824. Since the destruction of the Masséna Casino in 1979, the Place Masséna became more spacious and less dense and is now bordered by red ochre buildings of Italian architecture. This article is about building architecture. ...


The recent re-building of the tram gave the square back to the pedestrians, restoring its status of a real Mediterranean square. It is lined with palm trees and stone pines, instead of being the rectangular roundabout of sorts it had become over the years. Since its construction, the Place Masséna has always been the spot for great public events. It is used for concerts, and particularly during the summer festivals, the Corso carnavalesque (carnival parade) in February, the military procession of July 14th (Bastille Day) or other traditional celebrations and banquets.


The Place Masséna is a two-minute walk from Promenade des Anglais, old town, town centre, and Albert I Garden (Jardin Albert Ier). It is also a large crossroads between several of the main streets of the city: avenue Jean Médecin, avenue Felix Faure, boulevard Jean Jaurès, avenue de Verdun and rue Gioffredo. The Promenade des Anglais (Promenade of the English) is a celebrated promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. ...


see also (sites in French) : Nissa la bella, Nice Tourisme


Place Garibaldi

The Place Garibaldi also stands out for its architecture and history. It is named after Giuseppe Garibaldi, hero of the Italian unification (born in Nice, which was still a part of Sardinia-Piedmont at the time), who was ferociously attached to the union of Nice to Italy. Giuseppe Garibaldi (July 4, 1807 – June 2, 1882) was an Italian patriot and General of the Risorgimento. ...


A Statue of Garibaldi is erected in the centre of the place. The re-building of the square (still ongoing) will make this square semi-pedestrian, making it more pleasant.


It is a crossroads between the Vieux Nice (old town) and town centre. Place Garibaldi is close to the eastern districts of Nice, Port Lympia (Lympia Harbor), and the TNL commercial centre. This square is also a crossroads of important streets : the boulevard Jean Jaurès, the avenue de la république, the rue Cassini and the rue Catherine Ségurane.


Place Rossetti

Entirely enclosed and pedestrianised, this square is located in the heart of the old town. With typical buildings in red and yellow ochres surrounding the square, the cathédrale Sainte-Réparateand the fountain in the centre, place Rossetti is a must-see spot in the old town. By day, the place is invaded by the terraces of traditional restaurants and the finest ice-cream makers. By night, the environment changes radically, with tourists and youths flocking to the square, where music reverberates on the walls of the small square. The square's lighting at night gives it a magical aspect.


Place Rossetti is in the centre of the old town, streets Jesus, Rossetti, Mascoïnat and the Pont-vieux (old bridge)


Cours Saleya

In the past, it belonged to the upper classes. It probably is the most traditional square of the town, with its daily flower market. The court Saleya also opens on the Palais des rois Sard (Palace of the Kings of Sardinia). In the present, the court is mostly a place of entertainment. There are good restaurants serving typical Nicois cuisine, markets and many pubs. It is no doubt one of the most active spots in Nice.


It is situated parallel to the Quai des Etats-Unis.


Place du Palais

As its name indicates, the place du palais is where the Palais de Justice (Law courts) of Nice is located. On this square, there also is the Palais Rusca, which also belongs to the justice department (home of the tribunal de grande instance).


The square is also notable due to the presence of the city clock. Nowadays, the Place du Palais is alive day and night. It is particularly appreciated by youths who hangout on the steps leading to the Palais de justice, often with alcoholic bottles in hand. The place is not a large open-air bar, though, concerts, animations and events are frequent.


It is situated halfway between cour Saleya and place Masséna.


Nice Observatory

View of the Bischoffsheim cupola, main cupola of Nice Observatory
View of the Bischoffsheim cupola, main cupola of Nice Observatory

The Observatoire de Nice (Nice Observatory) is located on the summit of Mont Gros. The observatory was initiated in 1879 by the banker Raphaël Bischoffsheim. The architect was Charles Garnier, and Gustave Eiffel designed the main dome. Nice Observatory - Bischoffsheim cupola Photograph available under GFDL license. ... Nice Observatory - Bischoffsheim cupola Photograph available under GFDL license. ... The main cupola The 76-cm refractor at Nice Observatory The Nice Observatory (Observatoire de Nice) is located in Nice, France on the summit of Mont Gros. ... The main cupola The 76-cm refractor at Nice Observatory The Nice Observatory (Observatoire de Nice) is located in Nice, France on the summit of Mont Gros. ... This article is about scientific observatories. ... Charles Garnier (6 November 1825 - 3 August 1898) was a French architect, designer of the Paris Opéra and the Opéra de Monte-Carlo. ... Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (December 15, 1832 – December 27, 1923; French pronunciation in IPA, in English usually pronounced ) was a French structural engineer and architect and a specialist of metallic structures. ... For other uses, see Dome (disambiguation). ...


The 76-cm (30-inch) refractor telescope that became operational in 1888 was at that time the world's largest telescope. It was outperformed one year later by the 36-inch (91-cm) refractor at the Lick Observatory. The 50 cm refractor at Nice Observatory. ... The Lick Observatory is an astronomical observatory, owned and operated by the University of California. ...


As a scientific institution, the Nice Observatory no longer exists. It was merged with CERGA in 1988 to form the Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur. The Centre de recherches en géodynamique et astrométrie (CERGA) was a scientific department of the Observatoire de la côte dazur (OCA). ... The Côte dAzur Observatory was founded in 1988, by the merger of two observatories: Nice Observatory The CERGA (Centre dEtudes et de Recherches Géodynamiques et Astronomiques) External links Côte dAzur Observatory official website (English version) ...


Culture

Nice is one of the oldest human settlements in the world. Terra-Amata, an archaeological site dating to the Lower Palaeolithic age is situated near Nice. Nice was established by the ancient Greeks. There was also an independent Roman city near Nice, where the hill of Cimiez is located. It is an archaeological site with treasures, of which only a small part has been excavated. The excavated site includes thermal baths, arenas and Roman road. The Lower Paleolithic or Palaeolithic refers to the earliest period of human existence, the first of the three Paleolithic (Stone Age) periods. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ...


Since the second century AD, the light of the city has attracted many famous painters such as Chagall, Matisse, Niki de Saint Phalle, Ben and Arman and inspired many artists and intellectuals in different countries (Berlioz, Nietzsche, Rossini…). Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten Marc Chagall (July 7, 1887 - March 28, 1985) was a Belarusian painter of Jewish origin. ... Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt (1906). ... Niki de Saint Phalle Niki de Saint Phalle, born Catherine-Marie-Agnès Fal de Saint Phalle (October 29, 1930 - May 22, 2002) was a French sculptor, painter, and film maker. ... Look up ben in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Arman (November 17, 1928 - October 22, 2005), was a French-born American artist and a prolific and experimental creator. ... Portrait of Berlioz by Signol, 1832 Louis Hector Berlioz (December 11, 1803 – March 8, 1869) was a French Romantic composer best known for the Symphonie Fantastique, first performed in 1830, and for his Requiem of 1837, with its tremendous resources that include four antiphonal brass choirs. ... Friedrich Nietzsche, 1882 Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 - August 25, 1900) was a highly influential German philosopher. ... Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (February 29, 1792 — November 13, 1868) was an Italian musical composer who wrote more than 30 operas as well as sacred music and chamber music. ...


Nice also has numerous museums of all kinds: Musée Chagall, Musée Matisse (arenas of Cimiez where one can also see Roman ruins), Musée des Beaux-Arts Jules Chéret, Museum of Naïve arts, Musée Terra-Amata, Museum of Asian Art, Museum of Modern art and Contemporary art which devotes a broad place to famous “the Ecole of Nice ”), Museum of Natural History, Musée Massena, Naval Museum and Galerie des Ponchettes. The Musée des Beaux-Arts Jules Chéret in Nice, France at 33 av. ... Terra Amata is an archaeological site nearFrench town of Nice. ...


Being a vacation resort, Nice hosts many festivals throughout the year. For example, Carnaval de Nice and Nice Jazz Festival are among the festivals held in Nice.


Nice has a distinct culture due to its unique history. The local language Niçard (Nissart) is an Occitan dialect (but some Italian scholars argue that it is a Ligurian dialect), still spoken by a huge minority. Strong Italian and (less) Corsican influences make it more intelligible than other non-extinct Provençal dialects. Nicard (Niçois - French, Nissart - Niçard) is a distinct dialect of the Provençal language spoken in and around the city of Nice, or Nissa in Niçard, and the historical region Le Comté de Nice/Lou Coumtat de Nissa which is almost equivalent to the current French d... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ... Ligurian may mean one of several things: Pertaining to the ancient Ligures Pertaining to modern Liguria Ligurian language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Corsica (Corsican: Corsica, French: Corse) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily, Sardinia, and Cyprus). ...


Nice has a few local dishes. There is a local tart made with onions and anchovies (or anchovy paste), named "Pissaladière" (French spelling). Socca is a type of pancake made from chickpea flour. Nice is also known for bouillabaisse and various fish soups; "Stockfish" (traditionally pronounced as "Stoquefiche" (French spelling) with special emphasis on the first "e"). Farcis niçois is a dish made from vegetables stuffed with breadcrumbs; and salade niçoise is a tomato salad with green peppers of the "Corne" breed, baked eggs, tuna or anchovies and olives. For the parody newspaper, see The Onion. ... The anchovies are a family (Engraulidae) of small but common fish. ... Socca is a local speciality of southeastern French cuisine, particularly in and around the city of Nice. ... Binomial name Cicer arietinum L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... This article is about the food. ... Stockfish is air-dried cod. ... Niçoise salad, sometimes referred to as Salade niçoise, is a type of French salad. ...


In the past, Nice welcomed many immigrants from Italy (who continue to make a large proportion of the population), as well as Spanish and Portuguese immigrants. However, in the past few decades immigration has been opened to include immigrants from all over the world, particularly those from former Northern and Western African colonies, as well as southeastern Asia. Traditions are still alive, especially in folk music and dances. The most famous is farandole. Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Folk song redirects here. ... The farandole is an open-chain community dance popular in the County of Nice, France. ...


Gastronomy

The cuisine of Nice uses resources of the local countryside (olive oil, anchovies, fruit and vegetables) but also resources from more remote regions, in particular those from Northern Europe because ships which came to seek olive oil arrived full with food products. Thus one finds specialities such as those using stockfish made from dried haddock. Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ... For the Popeye character, see Olive Oyl. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Vegetables on a market Vegetable is a nutritional and culinary term denoting any part of a plant that is commonly consumed by humans as food, but is not regarded as a culinary fruit, nut, herb, spice, or grain. ...


Local meat comes from neighbouring valleys, such as the sheep of Sisteron. Local fish, such as mullets, bream, sea urchins, and anchovies (alevins) are used to a great extent, so much so that it has given birth to a proverb: "fish are born in the sea and die in oil.” Naturally, this refers to the olive oil made in the Nice hills. Indeed, seafood is generally much appreciated in the delicate and healthy cuisine of Nice.


Examples of Niçois specialties include:

  • Beignets de fleurs de courgettes
  • Ratatouille
  • Pichade
  • Pissaladière
  • Pan-bagnat
  • Socca
  • Soupe au pistou
  • Tourte de blettes
  • Daube

Socca is a local speciality of southeastern French cuisine, particularly in and around the city of Nice. ...

Education

Nice is home to many preparatory schools which prepare students for entrance to the Grandes Ecoles (e.g. the Ecole Normale Supérieure). The University of Nice Sophia Antipolis (French: ) is a university located in Nice, France and neighboring areas. ... The University of Paris VI: Pierre et Marie Curie is a French university located in the Latin Quarter of the 5th arrondissement in Paris. ... EDHEC (Ecole Des Hautes Etudes Commerciales du Nord) is a French business school founded in 1906. ... In the United States a preparatory school, or prep school, is usually a private secondary school (or high school) designed to prepare a student for higher education. ... The quadrangle at the main ENS building on rue dUlm is known as the Cour aux Ernests – the Ernests being the goldfish in the pond. ...


Sister cities

Nice's town twins are: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Cuneo (Coni in Piedmontese), with a population of c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For alternative meanings of GdaÅ„sk and Danzig, see GdaÅ„sk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... 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Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... A view of the Xiamen University campus Xiamen (Simplified Chinese: 厦门; Traditional Chinese: 廈門; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a coastal sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Khemisset is a city in Morocco, population 105,088 (2004 census). ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Foncet Garden, Nice County of Nice flag County of Nice coat of arms The County of Nice or Niçard Country (Niçard Occitan: Comtat de Niça / País Niçard, French: Comté de Nice / Pays Niçois, Italian: Contea di Nizza / Paese Nizzardo) is a historical region of... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The diocese of Nice comprises the Départment of Alpes-Maritimes. ... The Nice Carnival is one of the major carnival events, alongside the Samba Carnival and Venetian Carnival. ... Memorial in bas-relief to Catherine Ségurane Catherine Ségurane (Catarina Ségurana in the Niçard dialect of Provençal) is a folk heroine of the city of Nice, France who is said to have played a decisive role in repelling the citys siege by Turkish invaders... The Cimetière du Château in Nice, France is the burial site for notables such as: Louis Feuillade (1873-1925), film director Emil Jellinek-Mercedes (1853-1918), Gaston Leroux (1868-1927), journalist, novelist Carolina Otero (1868-1965), dancer Renée Saint-Cyr (1904-2004), actress Serge Dandberg (1879-1981... Cimiez is an upper class neighborhood in Nice, France. ... The European Institut of High International Studies (Institut Européen des Hautes Etudes Internationales) is an international institution of graduate studies and research, based in Nice, France. ... The main cupola The 76-cm refractor at Nice Observatory The Nice Observatory (Observatoire de Nice) is located in Nice, France on the summit of Mont Gros. ... OGC Nice, full name Olympique Gymnaste Club de Nice-Côte dAzur, is a French football club based in Nice. ... Rugby Nice Côte dAzur Université-Racing is a French rugby union club, currently playing in the fourth division of the French league system, in Federale 2. ... Paris-Nice, nicknamed the race to the sun, is an annual professional cycling stage race held annually each March. ... Sophia Antipolis is a technology park north-west of Nice, France. ... Treaty of Nice The Treaty of Nice is a treaty adopted in Nice by the European Council to amend the two founding treaties of the European Union: the Treaty on European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, which introduced the Euro and the 3-pillar structure of the EU; the Treaty of... Hotel Negresco The Hotel Negresco on the Promenade des Anglais on the Baie des Anges in Nice, France was named for Henri Negresco (1868-1920) who had the palatial hotel constructed in 1912. ... Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide (NYSE: HOT) is a hospitality ownership, management, and franchise organization based in White Plains, New York. ... It may have been generated by a computer or by a translator with limited proficiency in English or the original language. ...

Sources and references

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Not to be confused with New Catholic Encyclopedia. ...

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The following is a list of the 163 communes of the Alpes-Maritimes département in France. ... Alpes_Maritimes is a département in the extreme southeast corner of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Antibes (Provençal Occitan: Antíbol in classical norm or Antibo in Mistralian norm) is a resort town of southeastern France, on the Mediterranean Sea in the Côte dAzur, located between Cannes and Nice. ... Beaulieu-sur-Mer is a seaside resort commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département on the French Riviera, located 6 miles (10 km) apart east from Nice and west from Monaco. ... Beausoleil (it: Belsole) is a town and commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in southeastern France. ... Biot is a French commune in the département of Alpes-Maritimes and the région of Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur. ... Bouyon is a village in the Alpes-Maritimes Department of France. ... Breil-sur-Roya is a town and commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département, in southern France. ... Cagnes-sur-Mer is a town and commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in southeastern France. ... For the annual festival, see Cannes Film Festival. ... Le Cannet is a town and a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département in southeastern France. ... Cap-dAil is a small French town and commune that borders Monaco. ... Drap is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in France. ... LEscarène is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in southeastern France. ... Èze (Eza in Italian) is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in France, not far from the town of Nice. ... Gillette may refer to: Gillette, Wyoming The Gillette Company, founded by King C. Gillette. ... Grasse (Provençal Occitan: Grassa in classical norm or Grasso in Mistralian norm) is a town and episcopal see in southeast France, it is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département (of which it is a sous-préfecture), on the French Riviera. ... Isola is a town and commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in southeastern France. ... For the community in northern England, see Levens, Cumbria. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Menton (Occitan: Menton in classical norm or Mentan in Mistralian norm; Italian: Mentone) is a town and commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département of the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur région of France. ... Mougins is a town and commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département, in southeastern France. ... Opio is a village in the Alpes-Maritimes département of southeastern France, situated near Grasse. ... Peille is a small village percher (perched on a rock) between Monaco and Mentmon in the Alpes Maritimes Département of France. ... Roquebrune-Cap-Martin is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département in southeastern France. ... Saint-André-de-la-Roche is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in France. ... Saint-Étienne-de-Tinée is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département in southeasern France. ... Categories: France geography stubs | Communes of Alpes-Maritimes ... Saint-Laurent-du-Var (population 27,141 in 1999) is a town and commune in southeast France, in the département of Alpes-Maritimes, on the French Riviera. ... Saint-Martin-Vésubie is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département in southeasern France. ... Saint-Paul or Saint-Paul de Vence is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in southeastern France. ... Sospel is a small town in the Alpes-Maritimes Département of France, near the Italian border and not far from Monte Carlo. ... View of Tende Tende is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département in southeastern France. ... Tourrettes-sur-loup is an artisans village situated near Grasse in the south of France. ... La Turbie or the Trophy of the Alps is a Roman monument on the Côte dAzur. ... Utelle, roughly 40 miles northeast of Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes département of southeastern France, is a village and commune of roughly 140 permanent residents, perched on a hill along the Vesubie Gorge, not far from the Mercantour National Park. ... Valbonne is a village and commune near Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes département, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur région of southeastern France. ... Vallauris is a commune in the département of Alpes-Maritimes and the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur region of France. ... Vence is a small French town and commune set in the hills of the Alpes Maritimes département, between Nice and Antibes. ... Villefranche-sur-Mer (Niçard: Vilafranca de Mar, Italian: Villafranca Marittima) is a small town and commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département. ... Villeneuve-Loubet is a town and commune in southeastern France, in the Alpes-Maritimes département, between Cagnes-sur-Mer and Antibes, at the mouth of the Loup River. ...

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The beaches of Nice, and along the coast to Antibes, are shingle (smooth stones).
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