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Encyclopedia > Niccolò Piccinni

Niccola Piccinni (January 16, 1728 - May 7, 1800) was an Italian composer of classical music. January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala Births January 9 - Thomas Warton, English poet (d. ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... 1800 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Classical music is music considered classical, as sophisticated and refined, in a regional tradition. ...


He was born at Bari, and educated under Leonardo Leo and Francesco Durante, at the Conservatorio di Sant' Onofrio in Naples. For this Piccinni had to thank the intervention of the Bishop of Bari, since his father, although himself a musician, was opposed to his son's following the same career. Piccinni's first opera, Le Donne dispettose, was produced in 1755, and in 1760 he composed, at Rome, the chef d'œuvre of his early life, La Cecchina ossia la buona Figliuola, an opera buffa which attained European success. Location within Italy Bari is the second largest continental city of Southern Italy, with a population of 326,201 (2001) along 116 sq. ... Leonardo Leo (August 5, 1694 - October 31, 1744), more correctly Lionardo Oronzo Salvatore de Leo was an Italian Baroque composer, born at S. Vito dei Normanni, near Brindisi. ... Francesco Durante (March 15, 1684 - August 13, 1755) was an Italian composer. ... Location within Italy Naples (Italian Napoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα Πόλις - Néa Pólis - meaning New City) is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of Campania Region. ... Location within Italy The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma) is the capital city of Italy and of its Latium region. ... Opera buffa (comic opera), also known as Commedia per musica (musical comedy), or Dramma giocoso per musica (musical dramatic comedy), is a form of opera. ...


Six years after this Piccinni was invited by Queen Marie Antoinette to Paris. He had married in 1756 his pupil Vincenza Sibilla, a singer, whom he never allowed to appear on the stage after their marriage. All his later works were successful; but the directors of the Grand Opera conceived the idea of deliberately opposing him to Gluck, by persuading the two composers to treat the same subject--Iphigenie en Tauride--simultaneously. The Parisian public was divided into two rival parties, which, under the names of Gluckists and Piccinnists, carried on an unworthy and disgraceful war. Gluck's masterly Iphigenie was first produced on May 18, 1779. Piccinni's Iphigenie followed on January 23, 1781, and, though performed seventeen times, was afterwards consigned to oblivion. The antagonism of the rival parties continued, even after Gluck left Paris in 1780; and an attempt was afterwards made to inaugurate a new rivalry with Sacchini. Piccinni remained popular, and on the death of Gluck,in 1787, proposed that a public monument should be erected to his memory--a suggestion which the Gluckists refused to support. Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France and Archduchess of Austria (born November 1755 – executed 16 October 1793) Daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria, wife of Louis XVI and mother of Louis XVII. She was guillotined at the height of the French Revolution. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Christoph Willibald Gluck (July 2, 1714 – November 15, 1787) was a German composer. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Antonio Maria Gaspare Sacchini (July 23, 1734 _ October 7?, 1786), Italian musical composer, was born at Pozzuoli. ...


In 1784 Piccinni became professor at the Royal School of Music, one of the institutions from which the Conservatoire was formed in 1794. On the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789, Piccinni returned to Naples, where he was at first well received by King Ferdinand IV; but the marriage of his daughter to a French democrat brought him disgrace. For the next nine years he maintained a precarious existence in Venice, Naples and Rome; but he returned in 1798 to Paris, where the public received him with enthusiasm, but he made no money. He died at Passy, near Paris. After his death a memorial tablet was set up in the house in which he was born at Bari. The period of the French Revolution in the history of France covers the years between 1789 and 1799, in which democrats and republicans overthrew the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian Venezia), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto, population 271,663 (census estimate 2004-01-01). ...


The most complete list of his works was given in the Rivista musicale italiana, viii. 75. He produced over eighty operas, but although his later work shows the influence of the French and German stage, he belongs to the conventional Italian school of the 18th century. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


See also Pierre-Louis Ginguené, Notice sur la vie et les ouvrages de Niccolo Piccinni (Paris, 1801). Pierre-Louis Ginguené (April 27, 1748 - November 11, 1815) was a French author. ...


This entry was originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica. (Redirected from 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


 
 

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