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Encyclopedia > Niccolò Paganini
Niccolò Paganini

Niccolò Paganini, (Genoa, October 27, 1782May 27, 1840 in Nice) was a violinist and composer. He is one of the most famous virtuosi of all times, and is considered to be one of the greatest violinists ever, with absolute pitch and perfect intonation; he also developed an entire set of innovative techniques in bowing, harmonics, staccato, and pizzicato. Niccolo Paganini Coal drawing by J. A. D. Ingres, c. ... Niccolo Paganini Coal drawing by J. A. D. Ingres, c. ... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A violinist is an instrumentalist who plays the violin. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A virtuoso is a musician who has attained the highest level of skill in a fine art, especially at playing a specific instrument or singing. ... Absolute pitch, widely referred to as perfect pitch, can refer the ability to identify a note by name without the benefit of a reference note. ... Intonation is the variation of tone used when speaking. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... In acoustics and telecommunication, the harmonic of a wave is a component frequency of the signal that is an integral multiple of the fundamental frequency. ... In musical notation, staccato indicates that notes are sounded in a detached and distinctly separate manner with their lengths shortened; that is, a short silence should be between the notes, without affecting the rhythm. ... Pizzicato is a method of playing an orchestral string instrument. ...


Paganini was born in Genoa, Italy. He was taught to play the violin from a very young age and was immediately recognized as a virtuoso after he gave his first public concert at the age of 11. In his early teens he studied under Alessandro Rollo and Ghiretti, but he could not cope well with his success: at the age of 19 he was gambling and drinking. His career was saved by an unknown lady, who took him to her estate, where he recovered and studied the violin for three years. He also played the guitar in his temporary retirement, and his intimate violin/guitar sonatas and guitar string quartets offer a side of Paganini that is easily overlooked. Location within Italy Flag of Genoa Christopher Columbus monument in Piazza Aquaverde Genoa (Italian Genova (jeno-vah), Genoese Zena (zaynah), French Gênes) is a city and a seaport in northern Italy, the capital of Liguria. ... The violin is a stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart. ... A virtuoso is a musician who has attained the highest level of skill in a fine art, especially at playing a specific instrument or singing. ... Gambling (or betting) is any behavior involving risking money or valuables (making a wager or placing a stake) on the outcome of a game, contest, or other event in which the outcome of that activity depends partially or totally upon chance or upon ones ability to do something. ... Estate may have a number of meanings: Estate is a term used in common law to signify the total of a persons property, entitlements and obligations. ... The resident string quartet of the Library of Congress in 1963 A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string instruments—usually two violins, a viola and cello—or a piece written to be performed by such a group. ...


He reappeared when he was 23, director of music to Napoleon's sister Elisa Baciocchi, Princess of Lucca, when he wasn't touring, and he soon became a legend for his unparalleled mastery of the violin, with a debut in Milan in 1813, Vienna 1828, and both London and Paris in 1831. Paganini was one of the first superstars of public concertizing. As he became more and more famous, it was rumored that he acquired his incredible virtuosity in a pact with the devil. The instrument on which he played is known as the Cannone Guarnerius violin. For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Location within Italy Piazza della Scala Milan (Italian: Milano; Milanese dialect: Milán) is the main city in northern Italy, and is located in the plains of Lombardy, the most populated and developed of Italian regions. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Cannone Guarnerius is a famous violin made by Italian luthier Giuseppe Antonio Guarnieri. ...


Cancer of the larynx was beginning to take its toll, and he died in Nice on the 27th May, 1840, leaving behind a series of sonatas, caprices and 6 violin concertos. Cancer of the larynx also may be called laryngeal cancer. ... City motto: Nicæa civitas. ... A violin sonata is a musical composition for solo violin, often (but not always) accompanied by a piano or other keyboard instrument, or by figured bass in the Baroque. ... Caprice Bourret (born October 24, 1974) is a model and actress. ... A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin and orchestra. ...


In Paris in 1833, he commissioned a viola concerto from Hector Berlioz, who produced Harold in Italy for him, but Paganini never played it. 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The viola concerto is a concerto contrasting a viola with another body, usually a full or string orchestra but sometimes smaller. ... Portrait of Berlioz by Signol, 1832 Louis Hector Berlioz (December 11, 1803 – March 8, 1869) was a French Romantic composer best known for the Symphonie Fantastique, first performed in 1830, and for his Requiem of 1837, with its tremendous resources that include four antiphonal brass choirs. ... It was Niccolò Paganini (1782-1840) who encouraged Louis-Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) to write Harold en Italie (Harold in Italy; 1834), his second symphony, in the first place. ...

Niccolo Paganini

The orchestral parts of Paganini's works are polite, unadventurous in scoring, and supportive. Critics of Paganini find his concerti long-winded and formulaic: one fast rondo finale could often be switched for another. During his public career, the violin parts of the concertos were kept secret. Paganini would rehearse his orchestra without ever playing the full violin solos. At his death, only two had been published. Paganini's heirs have cannily released his concertos one at a time, each given their second debut, over many years, at well-spaced intervals. There are now six Paganini violin concerti; the last two are missing their orchestral parts. Niccolo Paganini This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Niccolo Paganini This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ...


Paganini developed the set of concert variations for solo violin, characteristically taking a simple, apparently naïve theme, and alternating lyrical variations with a ruminative, improvisatory character that depended for effect on the warmth of his phrasing, with bravura extravagances that left his audiences gasping.


One of the best known of Paganini's compositions are the 24 Caprices, written around 1817 for solo violin. They are among the most technically difficult music ever written for the instrument, calling for a very wide range of bowing techniques, extremely wide left hand stretches, double stopped trills and harmonics and left hand pizzicati. The last of these pieces, in A minor, is a set of twelve variations, and many other composers have taken its theme as the basis for a set of variations of their own. Works based on this caprice include: 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the musical ornament trill. For other uses of the word, see Trill (disambiguation) The trill is a musical ornament consisting of a rapid alternation between two notes (compare tremolo). ... In acoustics and telecommunication, the harmonic of a wave is a component frequency of the signal that is an integral multiple of the fundamental frequency. ... Pizzicato is a method of playing an orchestral string instrument. ...

In 1989 german actor Klaus Kinski portrayed Paganini in the film Kinski Paganini Franz Liszt (Hungarian; Liszt Ferenc) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian virtuoso pianist and composer. ... This article is about the modern musical instrument. ... Events January 23 - The flip of a coin determines whether a new city in Oregon is named after Boston, Massachusetts, or Portland, Maine, with Portland winning. ... Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of romantic music. ... The Paganini Variations are a set of theme and variations, written by Johannes Brahms (Op. ... 1862 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff, also Sergey Rachmaninov or Serge Rakhmaninov (Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов), (April 1, 1873 – March 28, 1943) was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor. ... Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini is a piece of classical music for orchestra and solo piano by Sergei Rachmaninoff. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ... Witold Lutosławski (January 25, 1913, Warsaw, Poland - February 9, 1994, Warsaw) was a Polish composer. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... George Rochberg (born 1918 in Paterson, N.J.) is an American composer. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber (born March 22, 1948) is a highly successful British composer of musical theatre. ... A cropped image to show the relative size of a cello to a human (Uncropped Version) The cello (also violoncello or cello) is a stringed instrument and a member of the violin family. ... Rock band (or rock group) is a generic name to describe a group of musicians specializing in a particular form of electronically amplified music. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Klaus Kinski (October 18, 1926–November 23, 1991) was an international film actor who was regarded as one of the best German actors of the second half of the 20th century. ...


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