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Encyclopedia > Nguyen Khanh
Nguyen Khanh
Nguyen Khanh

Nguyen Khanh (1927-) was a former Chief of State and Prime minister of South Vietnam. He was a General, Commander-in-chief, and Chief of staff in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. added permission given by http://ngothelinh. ... added permission given by http://ngothelinh. ... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809 km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... The term Chief of Staff can refer to: The White House Chief of Staff, the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States. ... [ [ Image:ArmyoftheRepublicofVietnam. ...


He presently serves as the Chief of State of the Government of Free Vietnam, as of January 2, 2005. A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... Official language Vietnamese Headquarters In Exile in Garden Grove, California Head of State Nguyen Khanh Provisional Government of Free Vietnam (GFVN; Vietnamese: Chính Phủ Lâm Thời Việt Nam Tự Do) is an exile government headquartered in Garden Grove, California. ...

Contents


Biography

He was born November 8, 1927, at Tra Vinh Province, Vietnam. The son of a nightclub owner in Da Lat, he had joined the Viet Minh, led by Hồ Chí Minh to liberate Vietnam from French colonialism. He abandoned them after learning of their aspirations of governing Vietnam under a Communist system. He then joined the Vietnamese National Army under the leadership of Emperor Bảo Đại in the First Indochina War against the Viet Minh. 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Trà Vinh is a province in southern part of Vietnam. ... Dalat ((pop. ... The Viet Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam ộc Lập ồng Minh Hội, League for the Independence of Vietnam) was formed by Ho Ngoc Lam and Nguyen Hai Than in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France. ... Official portrait of Hồ Chí Minh Hồ Chí Minh (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. ... Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Emperor Bao Dai Bảo Đại (保大) (October 22, 1913 – July 30, 1997) was the last Emperor of Vietnam, the 13th and last Emperor of the Nguyá»…n Dynasty. ... Combatants French Republic Viet Minh Strength 500,000 ? Casualties 94,581 dead 78,127 wounded 40,000 captured 300,000+ dead 500,000+ wounded 100,000 captured The First Indochina War (also called the French Indochina War) was fought in Southeast Asia from 1946 through 1954 between the nation of... The Viet Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam ộc Lập ồng Minh Hội, League for the Independence of Vietnam) was formed by Ho Ngoc Lam and Nguyen Hai Than in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France. ...


Military career

In 1946, he graduated from the French Military Academy Saint-Cyr/Coetquidam and was promoted to "Indochine", and Ecole des Troupes Aéroportées (Airborne forces) in France. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... U.S. paratroopers jump into Australia on a military training exercise. ...


In 1947, he graduated from Vien Dong (Dap Da) Military Academy and Saint Saumur (France) Military Academy, rank of Lieutenant. His first assignment was as a Platoon Leader at 1st Battalion, Attache Officer to the Prime Minister. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ...


In 1949-52, he was a Lieutenant and commanded the only first Parachutists Company in Vietnam. He was then promoted to Captain and commanded first Parachutists Battalion, participating in the Hoa-Binh Operation in Northern Vietnam under the command of General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny. Jean de Lattre de Tassigny (February 2, 1889 - January 11, 1952) was a French military hero of World War II. Born at Mouilleron-en-Pareds (during the time of Georges Clemenceau, who was also born there), he graduated from school in 1911, and fought in World War I. He specialized...


In 1953-55, he was a Major in command of the 13th ARVN and subdivision of Can Tho, South Vietnam. He was then promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and commanded the Group Mobile 11th Light Division. He commanded the "Zone de l'Ouest" transfer from the French Command and became the first Commander of Vietnamese Armed Forces. He commanded Operation "Rung-Sat", which destroyed the Binh Xuyen Armed Forces. The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) was a military component of the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (commonly known as South Vietnam). ... Binh Xuyen was a powerful Vietnamese criminal organization. ...


In 1956-57, he was promoted to Colonel and commanded the First Infantry Division stationed at the 17th Parallel. He was chosen to attend the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, U.S. Joint & Combined School in Okinawa, Japan and he graduated from the U.S. High Command as Chief of Staff in France. First established in 1881 as a school for infantry and cavalry, the U.S. Armys Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas functions as a graduate school for U.S. and Allied military leaders. ... In 1827, Colonel Henry Leavenworth established a post on the bluffs overlooking the western bank of the Missouri River to protect the fur trade, safeguard commerce on the Santa Fe Trail and maintain the peace among the inhabitants. ... U.S. military historical joint commands originated in World War II. President Truman approved the first Unified Command Plan on 14 December 1946. ... This article is about the prefecture. ...


In 1957, he was assigned as Region Commander of Hau Giang consisting of Kien Hoa, My Tho, and Vinh Long. 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1958, he commanded the IV Corps Tactical Zone and served as General Secretary for National Defense.


In 1959, he was appointed Secretary General of the Defense Ministry, and in 1960 he was promoted to Major General and assigned to Inter-Arms Chief of Staff. 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1962, President Ngô Đình Diệm assigned him as II Corps Commander and Dec 11, 1963, he was promoted to Lieutenant General to command I Corps. 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... «ngoh dihn zih-ehm» (January 3, 1901 – November 2, 1963) was the first President of the Republic of Vietnam (1955–63). ...


On November 1, 1963, he joined General Dương Văn Minh and the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) generals in a coup d'etat against President Ngô Đình Diệm which led to the President's removal from power. General Khánh was rewarded with a major command in northern South Vietnam. 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Duong Van Minh (February 16, 1916 – August 5, 2001), known popularly as Big Minh, led the South Vietnamese army under Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem. ... [ [ Image:ArmyoftheRepublicofVietnam. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ...


In a letter that United States Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., wrote to Secretary of State Dean Rusk: Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. ... David Dean Rusk (February 9, 1909 – December 20, 1994) was the United States Secretary of State from 1961 to 1969 under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. ...


"This is for you, the President, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and whoever else you think needs to know. It is definitely not a subject which should get into the cable traffic ... General Nguyễn Khánh told me on May 25, that when President Ngô Đình Diệm was shot he had in his hand a briefcase containing 1 million U.S. currency 'in the highest denominations.' He said that General Dương Văn Minh took possession of the briefcase and has never yet surrendered it. He added that General Minh at the same time had taken possession of 40 kilograms of gold bars ... I advised General Khánh not to make this public lest it shake public confidence here in all generals. He hopes that General Minh will make his exit quietly." Robert McNamara in 1964 Robert Strange McNamara (born June 9, 1916) is an American business executive and a former United States Secretary of Defense. ...

General Nguyễn Khánh
Enlarge
General Nguyễn Khánh

The above disgust of corruption led to his motives from the moment of his appointment, he began to plot against General Dương Văn Minh's government. When the United States became wary of Dương Văn Minh's possible support for a neutralist government, it did not oppose General Nguyen Khanh's plans. Government of Free Vietnam permissioned recieved by http://www. ... Government of Free Vietnam permissioned recieved by http://www. ...


Political career

On July 19, 1964 during the Vietnam War at a rally in Saigon, General Nguyễn Khánh made a statement "calling for expanding the war into North Vietnam." 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cá»™ng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, September 2nd1945 and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the...


In January 30, 1964 General Nguyen Khanh led a bloodless military coup d'etat replacing Dương Văn Minh as Prime Minister. General Dương Văn Minh was placed under house arrest, but was allowed to remain as a figurehead chief-of-state. General Nguyen Khanh, assumed the leadership from the junta as chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council that took over after Ngô Đình Diệm's assassination. January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ...


In August 1964, General Nguyen Khanh was faced with an attempted coup, rioting and demonstrations in the northern provinces, a massive labor strike in Saigon, and an armed revolt by Montagnard elements among the Special Forces. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The term Montagnard can refer to a mountain-dwelling people of central Vietnam: Degar a factional partisan of the party of The Mountain during the French Revolution This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


On September 26, 1964, the Vietnamese Revolutionary Council elected Phan Khắc Sửu as Chief of State and the former mayor of Saigon, Trần Văn Hương, as Premier, but General Nguyen Khanh retained real power under the title of commander in chief of the armed forces. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Phan Khắc Sá»­u was President of South Vietnam from 1964–1965. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... President Trần Văn HÆ°Æ¡ng Trần Văn HÆ°Æ¡ng (Chữ Nôm: 陈文香) was born in 1902-(d. ... A Commander-in-Chief is the commander of a nations military forces or significant element of those forces. ...


On September 13, 1964 the South Vietnamese Air Force, under the leadership of Air Marshall & "playboy" Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, crushed a coup plot against General Nguyễn Khánh. Nguyễn Cao Kỳ's political star began to rise. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Nguyen Cao Ky (Nguyá»…n Cao Kỳ) (born 1930) is a Vietnamese politician, who served as Prime Minister of South Vietnam from 1965 to 1967, and then as Vice President until his retirement from politics in 1971. ...


During his time in power General Nguyễn Khánh established a new constitution, which the U.S. Embassy helped to draft and Premier Trần Văn Hương drafted a statement that his country's differences with the United States arising from the military seizure of power on Dec. 20 have been eliminated.


General Nguyen Khanh was appointed to deal with the crisis caused by current Anti-government demonstrations. The day before this takeover, a 17-year-old Buddhist girl had burned herself to death in protest against the Trần Văn Hương regime. A struggle for political power begins between General Nguyen Khanh and the activist Buddhist leader, Thich Tin Quang.


On February 19, 1965, several dissident South Vietnamese Generals moved their batallions into Saigon with the intention of ousting General Nguyen Khanh. General Khanh escaped to Da Lat with the aid of Air Marshall Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, commander of the South Vietnamese Air Force, which enabled him to crush any coups that were launched against the new regime. He threatened to bomb Saigon and Tan Son Nhut Airport unless the rebel troops were withdrawn, but was dissuaded from this by General William Westmoreland, Commander of Military Assistance Command, Vietnam. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Dalat ((pop. ... Hồ Chí Minh International Airport (also called Tân SÆ¡n Nhất International Airport) is Vietnams largest international airport. ... General William Westmoreland William Childs Westmoreland (March 26, 1914 – July 18, 2005) was a U.S. Army General who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak from 1964 to 1968 and who served as US Army Chief of Staff from 1968 to 1972. ... The U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, or MACV (phonetically mack vee), was the United States unified command structure for all its military forces in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. ...


In February 1965, General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu joined forces with Air Vice Marshall Nguyễn Cao Kỳ in a coup d'etat against General Nguyen Khanh's government that lasted for (260 days) from January 1964-October 1964, with the support of a neutralist coalition. Air Marshall Nguyễn Cao Kỳ appointed Dr. Phan Huy Quat to form a new government. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... President Nguyen Van Thieu Nguyá»…n Văn Thiệu, (April 5, 1923 – September 29, 2001) was a former General and President of South Vietnam. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... (left to right) General Nguyá»…n Văn Thiệu, Dr. Phan Huy Quat (in light grey suit) and Air Marshal Nguyá»…n Cao Kỳ Dr. Phan Huy Quat served as Prime Minister of South Vietnam and also as Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam. ...


On June 19, 1965, the National Leadership Committee headed by General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu appointed Kỳ to the office of premier, the highest political office in South Vietnam. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809 km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ...


Life in exile

On February 25, 1965, under disagreement with the United States government's policy toward South Vietnam, he accepted an Ambassadorship when Air Marshall Nguyễn Cao Kỳ appointed him as Ambassador to France. After the demise of South Vietnam, he remained in France and worked for Soditee Inc. as a special consultant. An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ...


In 1977, he and his wife, Nguyen Le Tran (maiden name: Pham Le Tran), along with four of their six children immigrated to the United States. He has worked for DSC Communications Corp. in Texas, Global Development Group Inc. in San Francisco, Aeroservicios Ltd. in Honduras, Global Economic Support Inc. in California and Vietnamese-American corporations and private enterprises. For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... A Vietnamese American is a resident of the United States who is of Vietnamese descent. ...


In the 1990's he had traveled abroad meeting with Vietnamese communities worldwide and also with officials in Paris, Washington, D.C., Beijing and Honduras regarding the future of Vietnam. Beijing (Chinese: 北京; Pinyin: Běijīng; ; IPA: ), a city in northern China (formerly spelled in English as Peking or Peiking), is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ...


In 1991, General Khánh was invited to a private visit to the Special Economic Zones of the People's Republic of China. 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since 1993, General Khánh participated in lecturing at different Civilian and Military Universities, such as the U.S. Army War College, U.S. Air Force Special Operations Command, Texas Tech University Lubbock TX, and University of Denver about the Vietnam War and the future of the nation. 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The United States Army War College is a United States Army school located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500 acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks, a military post dating back to the 1770s. ... AFSOC logo. ... Texas Tech University is a Tier I research university located in Lubbock, Texas, established in 1923 originally as Texas Technological College. ... Lubbock is a city located in Lubbock County, in the north west of the state of Texas, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 199,564. ... The University of Denver (DU) is an independent, coeducational, four-year university in Denver, Colorado. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead...


On January 2, 2005, Khánh was selected as Chief of State of the Government of Free Vietnam, an anti-communist organization located in Little Saigon, Westminster, California. A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... Official language Vietnamese Headquarters In Exile in Garden Grove, California Head of State Nguyen Khanh Provisional Government of Free Vietnam (GFVN; Vietnamese: Chính Phủ Lâm Thời Việt Nam Tá»± Do) is an exile government headquartered in Garden Grove, California. ... Anti-communism is opposition to communist ideology, organization, or government, on either a theoretical or practical level. ... Little Saigon is a name given to any of several overseas Vietnamese immigrant and descendant communities outside Vietnam, usually in the United States. ...


Khanh continues to believe strongly in democracy, and liberty for the people of Vietnam. He campaigns for peace and strongly feels that democracy cannot be developed without economic development which would be the condition for the national defense of Vietnam in the 21st Century.


Quotes

  • "The army is the father of the state!" - 1964
  • "I am bringing a handful of dirt from the homeland, I will definitely return someday" - 1965, when forced into exile
  • "We make sacrifices for the nation's independence and the people's liberty, not to pursue the policy of any foreign country."
  • "I left my country in honor that day, not like Thiệu who fled later. My cabinet, my troops, the whole diplomatic corps were there at the airport to bid me farewell."
  • "I took with me in my hand on the departing plane a bag of sand, a bag of earth from the soil of a free South Vietnam. My Western hero had always been Gen. Douglas MacArthur who made the famous promise ‘I shall return’ after he lost a battle in the Philippines."-- “I have a promise to keep — to return to a free and democratic Vietnam.”
  • "China believes it is the center of the universe; look at its flag: one big star surrounded by satellite stars: Arrogance!" - referring to the PRC flag
  • "Vietnam is the next dragon in Asia"

Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an American general and medal of honor recipient, who was Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the South West Pacific Area during World War II. He led the defense of Australia, and the recapture of New Guinea, the Philippines and Borneo. ...

External links

Preceded by:
Duong Van Minh
President of South Vietnam
1964
Succeeded by:
Phan Khac Suu
Preceded by:
Nguyen Ngoc Tho
Prime Minister of South Vietnam
1964
Succeeded by:
Tran Van Huong
Preceded by:
Nguyen Huu Chanh
Government of Free Vietnam
1995-(a)
Succeeded by:
Current Incumbent

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