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Encyclopedia > Nguyen Dynasty

The Nguyễn Dynasty (阮朝) was a line of rulers of Vietnam in the 19th century to mid-20th century. Despite the common name, it is Nguyễn Phúc that is the complete family name used by members of this branch to differentiate themselves from other branches. The founder of the Nguyễn Dynasty was Nguyễn Phúc Ánh, known more by his era name Gia Long than his real name, who became Emperor in 1802. Gia Long subsequently granted all of his ancestors the title Emperor as well. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... See also: ERA (disambiguation page). ... Gia Long (born Nguyen Phuc Anh) was an emperor of Annam born about the half of the 18th century and died in 1820. ... 1802 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


History of Vietnam series

Hồng Bàng | An Dương Vương The History of Vietnam dates back more than 2,500 years. ... Blank map of Vietnamese provinces. ...

Triệu Dynasty (207 - 110 BC)
Chinese domination (110 BC- 541 AD)
Lý Nam Đế (541 - 547)
Triệu Việt Vương (548 - 570)
Posterior Lý Nam Đế (571 - 602)
Chinese domination
Ngô Dynasty (939 - 967)
Đinh Dynasty (968 - 980)
Anterior Lê Dynasty (980 - 1009)
Lý Dynasty (1009 - 1225)
Trần Dynasty (1225 - 1400)
Hồ Dynasty (1400 - 1406)
Posterior Trần Dynasty (1407 - 1417)
Posterior Lê Dynasty (1418 - 1527)
Mạc Dynasty (1527 - 1600)
Lê-Mạc Period (1527 - 1599)
Lê Kings Trịnh Lords (1600 - 1789)
Nguyễn Lords (1558 - 1775)
Tây Sơn Dynasty (1778 - 1802)
Nguyễn Dynasty (1802 - 1945)
Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945-1976)
Republic of Vietnam(1954-1975)
Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976- )
edit (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:History_of_Vietnam&action=edit)
Contents

Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Ly Dynasty was the first Vietnamese native dynasty to take over from Chinese rule in 1000 AD. It retained a Chinese ruling ideology and maintained Chinese political institutions to secure a functioning centralized authority. ... The Trần Dynasty was a Vietnamese dynasty that began in 1225 when king Thái Tông ascended to the throne after overthrowing the Lý Dynasty and ended in 1400 when king Thiếu Đế, then 5 years old, was forced to abdicate the throne in favor of his maternal grandfather Hồ Quý... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The name of Tay Son is used in many ways referring back to the period of peasant rebellions and decentralized dynasty established between the eras of the Le and Nguyen dynasties. ...

History

It was Gia Long's distant ancestor Nguyễn Hoàng, a gifted general afraid of being prosecuted by the Trịnh Lord in the North, who moved south to the area of northern Central Vietnam in the 16th century. Although having established for himself a fiefdom, Nguyễn Hoàng was still very much loyal to the Emperor, of the Posterior Lê Dynasty, at that time. Nguyễn Hoàng, and his successors, continually expanded their territory by making Kampuchea a protectorate, and by invading Laos, Champa and many small countries in the area. Nguyễn Hoàng and many of his successors styled themselves as Lord (Chúa in Vietnamese); Nguyễn Hoàng was known as Lord Tiên. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... For the rule of Oliver Cromwell, see The Protectorate. ... Rough location of Champas core territories. ...


It was Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên, Nguyễn Hoàng's son, or Lord Sãi who started the Nguyễn Phúc family name. In the early 18th century, Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên's great-great-great-great-grandson Nguyễn Phúc Khoát was the first ruler of the line who styled himself King (Vương in Vietnamese), since the Trịnh Lord had done so in the North. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


Four rulers later, it was Nguyễn Phúc Ánh who united the country, started a dynasty and styled himself Emperor (Hoàng Đế in Vietnamese) Gia Long. After Gia Long, other rulers of the dynasty would soon run into problems with Catholic missionaries and, subsequently, the involvement of Europeans in Indochina.


Emperors Minh Mạng, Thiệu Trị, Tự Đức and Hiệp Hoà, all, were opposed to any French involvement in the country and tried to reduce the growing Catholic community in Vietnam at that time. Their persecution of missionaries was the primary pretext for the French to invade and occupy Indochina. Much like what had occurred in Qing China, there were also numerous incidents involving other nations (European) during the 19th century. Minh Mang 明命帝 was the second emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty, reigning from 14 February, 1820 until 20 January, 1841. ... Thieu Tri (1807 - 4 November 1847) was the third emperor of Nguyen Dynasty. ... Emperor Tu Duc was the 4th Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty of Vietnam and reigned from 1847-1883. ... Emperor Hiep Hoa was the 6th Emperor of Vietnam and reigned in 1883. ... Persecution is persistent mistreatment of an individual or group by another group. ... French Indochina was a federation of French colonies and protectorates in Southeast Asia, part of the French colonial empire. ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: qīng cháo; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing the... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The last Nguyễn Emperor to rule with complete independence was Tự Đức. After his death there was a succession crisis which allowed the French to take direct control of the country and eventually gain complete control of the monarchy. All emperors since Đồng Khánh were chosen by the French and had only a symbolic position. Succession is the act or process of following in order or sequence. ...


The nominal reign of the Nguyễn Dynasty firmly came to an end in 1945, when the people rose up, after the Japanese surrender, in support of the Viet Minh. After receiving a "request" for his resignation, the last emperor, Bảo Đại, abdicated the throne and handed power over to the government of President Ho Chi Minh; in return, Emperor Bảo Đại was then named "Supreme Counselor" to the new government. Bảo Đại left shortly afterwrd since he did not agree with the policies of the Viet Minh and thereafter for exile in Hong Kong. 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Viet Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam ộc Lập ồng Minh Hội, League for the Independence of Vietnam) was formed by Ho Ngoc Lam and Nguyen Hai Than in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France. ... Emperor Bao Dai in younger years Bảo Đại (保大) (October 22, 1913–July 30, 1997) was the last Emperor of Vietnam, the 13th and last Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty. ... Hồ Chí Minh Hồ Chí Minh (Chữ Nôm:胡志明)  listen? (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1954) and President (1954 - 1969) of North Vietnam. ... Exile is a form of punishment. ...


In 1948, the French persuaded Bảo Đại to return as "Chief of State" (Quốc Trưởng in Vietnamese) of the "State of Vietnam" (Quốc Gia Việt Nam) set up by France in areas over which it had regained control, while a bloody war with the Viet Minh under Ho Chi Minh continued, until the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu in 1954. Bảo Đại spent much of his time during that conflict enjoying a good life either at his luxurious home in Dalat (in the Vietnamese Highlands) or in Paris, France. 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... Dien Bien Phu (Điện Biên Phủ) is a small town in northwestern Vietnam. ... Dalat is a small city, 1500 m above the sea level, located in Central Highland of Vietnam. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


After Vietnam was divided into North and South Vietnam, the South Vietnamese prime minister Ngô Đình Diệm, in a referendum claimed by many as to have been manipulated, overthrew Bảo Đại in 1956. Diem then assumed the position of President of the Republic of Vietnam (Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), once more ending Bảo Đại's involvement in Vietnamese affairs--this time permanently. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was founded by Ho Chi Minh and was recognized by China and the USSR in 1950. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... A prime minister may be either: the chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives... Ngô Đình Diệm (approximately pronounced Ngoh Din Yim) (January 3, 1901–November 2, 1963) was the first President of South Vietnam (1955-63). ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... National motto: ??? Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km² N/A population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ...


Emperor Bảo Đại remained in exile in France, where he died in 1997. Crown Prince Bao Long succeeded on the death of his father Emperor Bảo Đại as Head of the Imperial House of Vietnam, 31st July 1997. 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Crown Prince Bao Long Crown Prince Bao Long invested at the Can_Chanh Palace, Hue, Vietnam Crown Prince Bao Long of Vietnam (born January 4, 1936) is the head of the Nguyen Dynasty, the now deposed Emperors of Vietnam. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Nguyen Dynasty Emperors of Vietnam

The following list is the Emperors' era names, which have meaning in Chinese and Vietnamese. (For example, the first ruler's era name, Gia Long, means "House Dragon" (actually the combination of the old names for Saigon [Gia Dinh] and Hanoi [Thanh Long] to show the new unity of the country); the fourth means "Inheritance of Virtues"; the ninth means "Collective Celebration". See also: ERA (disambiguation page). ...

Emperors of Vietnam 1802-1945
Temple name Posthumous Name Personal Name Reign Era name Royal Tomb
世祖
Thế Tổ
高皇帝
Cao Hoàng Đế
阮福暎
Nguyễn Phúc Ánh
1802-1820 嘉隆 1802-1820
Gia Long
千壽陵
Thiên Thọ Lăng
聖祖
Thánh Tổ
仁皇帝
Nhân Hoàng Đế
阮福晈
Nguyễn Phúc Kiểu
1820-1841 明命 1820-1841
Minh Mạng
孝陵
Hiếu Lăng
憲祖
Hiến Tổ
章皇帝
Chương Hoàng Đế
阮福暶
Nguyễn Phúc Tuyền
1841-1847 紹治 1841-1847
Thiệu Trị
昌陵
Xương Lăng
翼宗
Dực Tông
英皇帝
Anh Hoàng Đế
阮福蒔
Nguyễn Phúc Thì
1847-1883 嗣德 1847-1883
Tự Đức
謙陵
Khiêm Lăng
恭宗
Công Tông
惠皇帝
Huệ Hoàng Đế
-
-
1883 -1
安陵
An Lăng
- - 阮福昇
Nguyễn Phúc Thăng
1883 協和 1883
Hiệp Hoà
-
簡宗
Giản Tông
毅皇帝
Nghị Hoàng Đế
阮福昊
Nguyễn Phúc Hạo
1883-1884 建福 1883-1884
Kiến Phúc
-
- - 阮福明
Nguyễn Phúc Minh
1884-1885 咸宜 1884-1885
Hàm Nghi
-
景宗
Cảnh Tông
純皇帝
Thuần Hoàng Đế
阮福昪
Nguyễn Phúc Biện
1885-1889 同慶 1885-1889
Đồng Khánh
思陵
Tư Lăng
- - 阮福昭
Nguyễn Phúc Chiêu
1889-1907 成泰 1889-1907
Thành Thái
-
- - 阮福晃
Nguyễn Phúc Hoảng
1907-1916 維新 1907-1916
Duy Tân
-
弘宗
Hoằng Tông
宣皇帝
Tuyên Hoàng Đế
阮福昶
Nguyễn Phúc Tuấn
1916-1925 啟定 1916-1925
Khải Định
應陵
Ứng Lăng
- - 阮福晪
Nguyễn Phúc Thiển2
1926-1945 保大 1926-1945
Bảo Đại
-
  1. Following the death of Emperor Tự Đức, and according to his will, this Emperor ascended to the throne on July 19, 1883. However, he was dethroned and imprisoned three days later, after being accused of deleting one paragraph from Tự Đức's will. He had no time to announce his dynastic title (era name); hence his was named after his residential palace as Dục Đức (育德宮).
  2. Crown Prince Bao Long succeeded on the death of his father, Emperor Bảo Đại, as Head of the Imperial House of Vietnam on 31st July 1997.

1802 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Temple names (廟號 or less commonly 庙號 Pinyin: miào hào;), are commonly used when naming most Chinese, Vietnamese (such dynasties as Tran,Anterior Lê and Nguyen Dynasty) and most Korean rulers of the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasties. ... A posthumous name (諡號/謚號 Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ... See also: ERA (disambiguation page). ... 1802 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1802 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Gia Long (born Nguyen Phuc Anh) was an emperor of Annam born about the half of the 18th century and died in 1820. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Minh Mang 明命帝 was the second emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty, reigning from 14 February, 1820 until 20 January, 1841. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Thieu Tri (1807 - 4 November 1847) was the third emperor of Nguyen Dynasty. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Emperor Tu Duc was the 4th Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty of Vietnam and reigned from 1847-1883. ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Emperor Hiep Hoa was the 6th Emperor of Vietnam and reigned in 1883. ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... Kien Phuoc (1868-1884) was Emperor of Vietnam. ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Emperor Ham Nghi Emperor Ham Nghi (咸宜帝 Hàm Nghi) was the 8th Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty. ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Emperor Dong Khanh (同慶帝) was the 9th Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty of Vietnam, reigned between 1885 and 1889. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Vua Thanh Thai The Thanh Thai Emperor was born as Prince Nguyen Buu Lan, the son of the 3-day king Nguyen Duc Duc, one adopted heir of the Tu Duc Emperor, who was nominal Vietnamese Emperor for only three days in 1884. ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... The baby-king Emperor Duy Tan (維新帝) was one of only two Nguyen dynasty emperors to gain widespread respect and popularity in Vietnam. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Emperor Khai Dinh (啟定帝) (Nguyen Buu Dao) was the 12th Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty in Vietnam. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Emperor Bao Dai in younger years Bảo Đại (保大) (October 22, 1913–July 30, 1997) was the last Emperor of Vietnam, the 13th and last Emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty. ... Emperor Duc Duc was the 5th Emperor of Vietnam and reigned in 1883. ... Crown Prince Bao Long Crown Prince Bao Long invested at the Can_Chanh Palace, Hue, Vietnam Crown Prince Bao Long of Vietnam (born January 4, 1936) is the head of the Nguyen Dynasty, the now deposed Emperors of Vietnam. ...

See also

Main article: History of Vietnam This is a list of Vietnamese dynasties. ...

External links

  • The Nguyễn Dynasty (http://www.4dw.net/royalark/Vietnam/annam.htm)
  • Vietnamese language homepage of The Nguyễn Dynasty (http://www.nguyenphuoctoc.com/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nguyen Dynasty - MSN Encarta (362 words)
The Nguyen family first became prominent in Vietnam during the 16th century when Nguyen Kim, an ancestor of the Nguyen, fought to restore the Le dynasty after its power was usurped by the Mac family.
By the end of the 16th century, Nguyen’s power in the south was sufficiently strong to defy the Trinh, and by 1673 both families had accepted a de facto division of the Vietnamese state.
During the next 100 years, the Nguyen completed the conquest of the kingdom of Champa as well as a large part of Cambodia, before a peasant rebellion in 1771 led by the Tay Son brothers swept away both the Nguyen and the Trinh to reunite the country.
Vietnam House Rentals - Apartment for rent in Vietnam (1716 words)
Nguyen Anh made it Vietnam's capital city in 1802 after he defeated the Tay Son and ascended to the throne with the name Gia Long.
The Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945) is the last of Vietnam's Royal families.
The height of the Nguyen Dynasty was reached during the reign of Emperor Minh Mang (1820-1840).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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