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Encyclopedia > Nguyen Du

Nguyễn Du (阮攸, 17661820, penname Tố Như and Thanh Hiên) is a celebrated Vietnamese poet who wrote in Chữ Nôm, the ancient writing script of Việt Nam. He is most known for writing the epic poem The Tale of Kieu. 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Motto: Independence, Liberty, Happiness (Vietnamese: Độc lập, tá»± do, hạnh phúc) Anthem: Tiến Quân Ca Capital Hanoi Largest city Hồ Chí Minh City Official languages Vietnamese Government President Prime Minister Communist single-party state Trần Đức LÆ°Æ¡ng Phan Văn Khải Independence... The first six lines of the poem written in Chữ Nôm The Tale of Kiều is an epic poem in Vietnamese written by the 18th century writer Nguyá»…n Du (1766-1820). ...


Nguyễn Du was born in 1766 in Tiên Điền village, Nghi Xuân district, Nghệ Tĩnh province, Vietnam. He was the seventh child of Nguyễn Nghiễm, a former prime minister under the Lê Dynasty. He lost his father at the age of 10 and his mother at the age of 13. For most of his teen years, he lived with his brother Nguyễn Khản and later with his brother-in-law Đoàn Nguyễn Tuấn.


At the age of 17, Nguyen Du passed an examination and received the tittle of "tú tài". Although analogous to a high school graduate today, in Nguyen Du's time this was more difficult to obtain because few people were affluent enough to devote themselves to study, and also because the examination dealt mostly with politics and literature.


The poet's mother was the third wife of his father and was noted for her ability at singing and composing poetry. In fact, she made her living by singing. At that time, working as a songstress was considered a disreputable reputation. Nguyen may have inherited a part of his talents from his mother. He loved listening to traditional songs. There was a rumour that, when he was 18, he himself eloped with a songstress.


At that time, Vietnam was going through a period of disunity. Two powerful political families, one in the north, one in the south, were fighting against each other while pledging allegiance to the Lê dynasty, which was recognized as the legitimate authority. This civil war was finally put an end to by the three Nguyen brothers, Nguyen Nhac, Nguyen Lu, and Nguyen Hue. Nguyen Du's father was a minister under the Lê dynasty, and that meant Nguyễn Du was not in a position to help the three brothers, which can be considered a tragedy of his life. While he knew the three brothers were working for a good cause, he was not in a position to do anything. One of the three brothers (Hue) founded the Tây Sơn dynasty. The Tây Sơn soon fell to the Nguyễn dynasty. Tay Son Dynasty Origin of the Tay Son The name of Tay Son is used in many ways referring back to the period of peasant rebellions and decentralized dynasty established between the eras of the Le and Nguyen dynasties. ...


In 1802, Nguyen Du was given a military post under the Nguyễn Dynasty, and was promoted to ambassador to China in 1813. --69. ... The Nguyễn Dynasty (阮朝) was a line of rulers of Vietnam in the 19th century to mid-20th century. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


It is necessary to keep in mind this historical and social background in order to understand both Nguyen Du and his main work, The Tale of Kieu (Vietnamese Truyện Kiều), which was based on an earlier work known as Kim Vân Kiều and was originally titled Đoạn Trường Tân Thanh (lit. new accents of a heart-rending song). The matter of the story is tragic and sad. The first six lines of the poem written in Chữ Nôm The Tale of Kiều is an epic poem in Vietnamese written by the 18th century writer Nguyá»…n Du (1766-1820). ...


The Tale of Kieu was written under the pen-name of 'Thanh Tam Tai Nhan' in the 16th or early 17th century. It was a story about the love between three persons. Thuy Kieu was the older sister of Thuy Van. Thuy Kieu and Kim Trong were in love with each other. They proposed under the moon, but unfortunately they were unable to come together because of family problems. Then Kim Trong married Thuy Van, the little sister... That is the source of Đoạn Trường Tân Thanh, a story about love, but after Nguyen Du read it, he added details and transformed it into a masterpiece. In Vietnam, even illiterate farmers can be found wo know by heart all of this composition and can recite it without a mistake. It is recited in a singing voice.


The Tale of Kieu is one among Nguyen's many works. Other literary works included: Thanh Hiên thi tập (Poems by Thanh Hiên), Nam Trung Tạp Ngâm (?), Bắc Hành Tạp Lục(?).


See also

The first six lines of the poem written in Chữ Nôm The Tale of Kiều is an epic poem in Vietnamese written by the 18th century writer Nguyễn Du (1766-1820). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Nguyen Du - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (680 words)
Nguyễn Du was born in 1766 in Tiên Điền village, Nghi Xuân district, Nghệ Tĩnh province, Vietnam.
Nguyen Du's father was a minister under the Lê dynasty, and that meant Nguyễn Du was not in a position to help the three brothers, which can be considered a tragedy of his life.
In 1802, Nguyen Du was given a military post under the Nguyễn Dynasty, and was promoted to ambassador to China in 1813.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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