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Encyclopedia > Nguyen Cao Ky

Nguyễn Cao Kỳ pronunciation  (born 1930) is a Vietnamese politician, who served as Prime Minister of South Vietnam from 1965 to 1967, and then as Vice President until his retirement from politics in 1971. Image File history File links Nguyen_Cao_Ky. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... // Republic of Cochin China (1 June 1946 – 14 June 1949) President of Cochin China Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (27 May 1948 – 14 June 1949) President (Pre-Vietnam) State of Vietnam (14 June 1949 - 26 October 1955) Chief (Quoc Truong) Prime Ministers of the Republic of Vietnam Republic of Vietnam... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809 km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... // Republic of Cochin China (1 June 1946 – 14 June 1949) President of Cochin China Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (27 May 1948 – 14 June 1949) President (Pre-Vietnam) State of Vietnam (14 June 1949 - 26 October 1955) Chief (Quoc Truong) Prime Ministers of the Republic of Vietnam Republic of Vietnam... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...

Contents

Biography

Nguyen Cao Ky
Nguyen Cao Ky

A career soldier who eventually became commander of the South Vietnam Air Force, Prime Minister and Vice President of the Republic of Vietnam. Nguyen Cao Ky early on had little political experience or ambition. After flight training by the French, he returned to Vietnam in 1954 and held a series of commands in the South Vietnam Air Force. Under the regime of Duong Van Minh, whose coup Ky had supported, he was made an air marshal/general. Photo is from private collection of Tran Van Ba website confimed Fair Use http://www. ... This is an article for the former air force of the now defunct South Vietnam. ... A prime minister (aka Gavinder Johal) is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... National motto: ??? Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km² N/A population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... DÆ°Æ¡ng Văn Minh (February 16, 1916 – August 6, 2001), known popularly as Big Minh, led the South Vietnamese army under Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem. ... An air marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a rank in the Royal Air Force. ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ...


(1965-1967) In 1965 Ky was appointed Prime Minister by a special joint meeting of military leaders following the voluntary resignation of civilian President Phan Khac Suu and Prime Minister Phan Huy Quat. South Vietnam's system of government shifted to that of a strong prime minister, with General Nguyen Van Thieu becoming a figurehead president. A capable leader, Ky united the military and ended the cycle of coups that plagued South Vietnam following the CIA led murder of President Ngo Dinh Diem. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... A prime minister (aka Gavinder Johal) is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Phan Khac Suu was President of South Vietnam from 1964–1965. ... (left to right) General Nguyen Van Thieu, Dr. Phan Huy Quat (in light grey suit) and Air Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky Dr. Phan Huy Quat served as Prime Minister of South Vietnam and also as Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam. ... A prime minister (aka Gavinder Johal) is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... President Nguyen Van Thieu Nguyen Van Thieu, (April 5, 1923 – September 29, 2001) was a former General and President of South Vietnam. ... Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (1861-1865) The majority of this article is about heads of states. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... This is a Vietnamese name; the persons family name is Ngô, but should be properly referred to as Diệm. ...


Ky's primary agenda while in power was to eliminate the massive corruption that had existed at all levels of Vietnamese society, especially the government and the military. He sanctioned the execution of several high profile business leaders accused of corruption. During his rule, he made many foreign state visits to bolster South Vietnam's legitimacy as a sovereign nation. Ky 's greatest struggle came in 1966, when a Buddhist Uprising and a military revolt in the government of Da Nang threatened to escalate into widespread chaos. State visits usually involve a military review. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Combatants ARVN (South Vietnamese government) National Police ARVN (rebels) Buddhist militants Commanders Premier Nguyen Cao Ky Col. ... Da Nang (occasionally Danang; in Vietnamese: Quốc Ngữ Đà Nẵng, Chữ Nôm 沱囊/沱曩, Chinese: 峴港) is a major port city in the South Central Coast of Vietnam, on the coast of the South China Sea. ...


The country's first, and debatably only, free Presidential elections was held in 1967. The military government council, which Ky chaired, intended to only endorse one candidate for the presidency. Ky intended to run, but at the last minute changed his mind and backed Thieu, a move he now calls "the biggest mistake of my life." Thieu nominated Ky as his running mate and the two were elected with 38% of the vote. 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... A running mate is a person running for a subordinate position on a joint ticket during an election. ...


(1967-1971) He served as Vice President to President Nguyen Van Thieu, although behind the scenes there was a fierce rivalry that left Ky marginalized. Alienated from Thieu, Ky intended to oppose him in the 1971 elections, but was outmaneuvered and retired from politics. A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ...


In his book The Politics of Heroin in South East Asia, drug trade historian Alfred W. McCoy alleges that Ky was directly involved in the burgeoning opium and heroin trade that was being operated in part by corrupt elements in the South Vietnamese administration, and that Ky was dismissed from his role in an CIA-sponsored air lift program because he was using government aircraft to transport opium. Alfred W. McCoy is a noted historian and current Professor of History in the Center for Southeast Asian Studies, at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. ...


Ky 's withdrawal from the race left Thieu running unopposed. According to some sources, the "sham election" of 1971 was the main reason why many - including U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger - lost any remaining illusions that credible democratic institutions could be established in South Vietnam. Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German-born American diplomat, Nobel laureate and statesman. ...


For three years, Ky retired from politics and lived on a farm commune in the countryside. He returned as a military commander in 1975 as the military forces of Communist North Vietnam closed in on the South. Many military leaders hoped he would be re-appointed as Prime Minister in this time of crisis, but President Thieu, still distrustful of Ky, refused. In his autobiographies, How We Lost the Vietnam War and Buddha's Child: My Fight to Save Vietnam, Ky recounted his last-minute attempts at bolstering the troops and establishing an effective defense. He had support from the French government, which was hoping to reenter Vietnam and supplant the US. Ultimately he was unsuccessful. A Commune is a kind of intentional community where most resources are shared and there is little or no personal property. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, September 2nd1945 and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the...


Life in Exile

After the defeat of South Vietnam by North Vietnam in 1975, Ky fled to the United States, and settled in California where he ran a grocery store. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, September 2nd1945 and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the... This article is about the U.S. state. ... A grocery store is a store established primarily for the retailing of food. ...


He made headlines in 2004 by being the first South Vietnamese leader to visit Vietnam since the war. He returned there again in early 2005, this time accompanied by his current wife. They attended a formal reception given by Vietnam's leaders to representatives of overseas Vietnamese and announced his decision to move back to Vietnam to live permanently. Ky also declared he would try to help bring more investments to Vietnam. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ky was well-known for his flamboyant and colorful personality and dress during his younger days. His trademark fashion accessory was a purple scarf (while he was in uniform in the 1960's and 70's) and he was rarely seen without a cigarette. A purported "ladies man," Ky was married three times and fathered at least six children.


Ky's daughter, Nguyen Cao Ky Duyen, is a well-known personality in the overseas Vietnamese entertainment industry (usually in the role of MC for musical programs). Nguyen Cao Ky Duyen (Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên)(born June 30, 1965) is an Vietnamese-American personality and co-host of Paris by Night, and is a lawyer by profession. ...


Quotes

  • "Americans are big boys. You can talk them into almost anything. Just sit with them for half an hour over a bottle of whiskey and be a nice guy."
  • "Always emphasizing the role of the Americans in Vietnam, they transformed the Vietnam war into a conflict between the United States and North Vietnam, relegating the people, the government and the armed forces of South Vietnam to a subordinate role. The government of South Vietnam thus became, in the eyes of the peoples of Vietnam and of the world, a puppet regime serving the interests of American imperialists."
  • "Many times, I asked President Johnson and other people to stop this war. To win, you have to go offensive."
  • "The US was and is the world's leading naval power, but, fearing to offend the Soviets, failed to blockade Haiphong. A river of munitions flowed through that port to be used against South Vietnam and its allies."
  • "After Watergate, America was a ship without a rudder. Vietnam was left to its own devices, drifting along towards its fate."

See also

This is an article for the former air force of the now defunct South Vietnam. ...

External links

Preceded by
Phan Huy Quat
Prime Minister of South Vietnam
1965-1967
Succeeded by
Nguyen Van Loc

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nguyen Cao Ky Summary (1053 words)
Nguyen Cao Ky was born in Son Tay Province, northwest of Hanoi, in 1930.
Ky proved to be a strong leader and was able to unite the military, thus ending the cycle of coups that plagued South Vietnam following the CIA led murder of President Ngo Dinh Diem.
Ky intended to run, but at the last minute changed his mind and backed Thieu, a move he now calls "the biggest mistake of my life." Thieu nominated Ky as his running mate and the two were elected with 38% of the vote.
AllRefer.com - Nguyen Cao Ky (Southeast Asia History, Biography) - Encyclopedia (246 words)
Nguyen Cao Ky[nuwin´ kou kE] Pronunciation Key, 1930–;, premier (1965–67) and vice president (1967–71) of the former Republic of South Vietnam.
Ky's involvement in President Diem's overthrow (1963) led to his appointment to the air force command.
Following a military coup led by Nguyen Van Thieu in 1965, Ky became premier, and was Thieu's vice-presidential running mate in the 1967 election.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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