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Encyclopedia > Neyshabur
Free-blown, wheel-cut carafes. First half of 11th century. Excavated at Teppe Madraseh, Neishapur. New York Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Nishapur (or Neyshâbûr; نیشابور in Persian) is a town in the province of Khorasan in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near the regional capital of Mashhad. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 360 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (540 × 900 pixel, file size: 291 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 360 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (540 × 900 pixel, file size: 291 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A decanter is a vessel used for holding the results of decantation, in which liquid from another vessel is poured into the decanter in order to separate a small volume of liquid containing sediment (such as wine) from a larger volume of clear liquid (i. ... There is also the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), located in Manhattan. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan; Horasan in Turkish) is a region located in eastern Iran. ... Mount Binālud (In Persian: بینالود) is the highest peak in Khorasan province, Iran. ... Mashhad (also spelt Mashhad ar-Reza, Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ...


The region's economy is largely agricultural, based on grain and cotton,and also it is the second industrial city in Khorasan, and it is one of the most prosperous localities in Iran, although somewhat blighted by drug smuggling from nearby Afghanistan. In 2005 it had an estimated population of 215,940 people.[1] The main east-west railway line through Iran passes through the town. The region is very prone to earthquakes, with the most recent significant ones occurring in 1986 and 1997. Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan; Horasan in Turkish) is a region located in eastern Iran. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An earthquake is the result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

Tomb of Omar Khayyám, Neishabur

Nishapur occupies an important strategic position astride the old Silk Road that linked Anatolia and the Mediterranean with China. On the Silk Road, Nishapur has often defined the flexible frontier between the Iranian plateau and Central Asia. The town derived its name from its reputed founder, the Sassanian king Shapur I, who is said to have established it in the 3rd century CE. Nearby are the turquoise mines that supplied the world with turquoise for at least two millennia. It became an important town in the Khorasan region but subsequently declined in significance until a revival in its fortunes in 9th century under the Tahirid dynasty, when the glazed ceramics of Nishapur formed an important item of trade to the west. For a time Nishapur rivaled Baghdad or Cairo: Toghrül, the first ruler of the Seljuk dynasty, made Nishapur his residence in 1037 and proclaimed himself sultan there, but it declined thereafter, as Seljuk fortunes were concentrated in the west. After the husband of Genghis Khan's daughter was killed at Nishapur in 1221, she ordered the death of all in the city (~1.7 million), and the skulls of men, women, and children were piled in pyramids by the Mongols. This invasion and earthquakes destroyed the pottery kilns. In 1979, the 15th World Scout Jamboree was scheduled to be held in Nishapur, but it was cancelled because of the Ayatollah uprising against the Shah of Iran. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (550x754, 352 KB)Omar Khayams tomb, Neishapur, which is a city in Iran (Neishapur was a city of Eastern Seljuk Turkish Empire). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (550x754, 352 KB)Omar Khayams tomb, Neishapur, which is a city in Iran (Neishapur was a city of Eastern Seljuk Turkish Empire). ... The Silk Road Silk Route redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Head of king Shapur II (Sasanian dynasty A.D. 4th century). ... A coin of Shapur I Shapur I, son of Ardashir I, was king of Persia from 241 to 272. ... // Overview Events 212: Constitutio Antoniniana grants citizenship to all free Roman men 212-216: Baths of Caracalla 230-232: Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east 235-284: Crisis of the Third Century shakes Roman Empire 250-538: Kofun era, the first... Turquoise (or turquois) is opaque, blue-to-green hydrated copper aluminium phosphate mineral according to the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·5H2O. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been enjoyed as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... The Tahirid dynasty ruled the northeastern Persian region of Khorasan between AD 821-873. ... Ancient Egyptian ceramic art: Louvre Museum. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... ToÄŸrül (TuÄŸril or Toghrïl Beg; c. ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... // Events Construction of the church of Saint Sophia Cathedral is started in Kyiv. ... For other uses, see Genghis Khan (disambiguation). ... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ... The 15th World Scout Jamboree was scheduled to be held in July 1979 and was to be hosted by Iran at Neyshâbûr, but was canceled due to political instability. ...


Culture

Tomb of Kamal-ol-Molk, Neishabur.

Nishapur is also home to many poets and cultural celebrities. The poet Omar Khayyám was born in Nishapur in 1048 and is buried a few miles outside the town, near the Imamzadeh Mahroq Mosque. The 12th century poet and mystic Farid al-Din Attar, another native of Nishapur, is also buried nearby. And Iran's greatest contemporary painter, Kamal-ol-molk is buried in the same place. Also Neyshabur has been the hometown of famous people including: ImageMetadata File history File links Kamal-al-molk-ghabr. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Kamal-al-molk-ghabr. ... Ghiyās ol-DÄ«n Abol-Fath Omār Ibn EbrāhÄ«m Khayyām NeyshābÅ«rÄ«, (Persian: غیاث الدین ابو الفتح عمر بن ابراهیم خیام نیشابوری, born: May 18, 1048 in Nishapur, Iran (Persia) – died: December 4, 1131), was a Persian poet, mathematician, philosopher and astronomer. ... Events The city of Oslo is founded by Harald Hardråde of Norway. ... The Conference of the Birds painted by Habib Allah. ... Tomb of Kamal-ol-Molk in Neishabur, Iran. ... Hometown is the name of several places in the United States: Hometown, Illinois Hometown, Pennsylvania Hometown, West Virginia There is also a Homestown, Missouri Hometown is also a generic term for the city or town in which someone grew up. ...

  1. Prof. Mohammad Reza Shafiei-Kadkani (great contemporary Persian poet and writer and Persian literature Professor, who is famous for his literary criticism)
  2. Ostad Parviz Meshkatian(famous Musician, researcher, Santur Player and composer).
  3. Heydar Yaghma(an illiterate worker who began telling poems and published them.)
  4. Hajji Bektash Wali(Muslim mystic, humanist and philosopher)

Mohammad Reza Shafiei-Kadkani (Born 1939, Neishabour, Iran) is a celebrated Persian writer, poet, literary critic, editor and translator. ... Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... Parviz Meshkatian (Born in 1955 Neishabour) is a renowned Iranian musician, composer, researcher and University lecturer. ... Santur Woman playing the santur in a painting from the Hasht-Behesht Palace in Isfahan Iran, 1669 The santur (سنتور – also santūr, santour, santoor) is a hammered dulcimer of Iran. ... Heydar Yaghma(in Persian:حیدر یغما) was an Iranian poet, born in 1926 in a village in Nishapur and died in March, 1986 in Nishapur and burried beside the archeologic site of Shadiyakh in Nishapur. ... Hajji Bektash Wali (Arabic/Persian: ‎ Ḥājī Baktāš Wālī; Turkish: Hacı Bektaş Veli) was a Muslim mystic, humanist and philosopher from Khorasan, who lived approximately from 1209-1271 in Anatolia (modern-day Turkey). ...

Archaeology sites

Bowl with white slip, incised design, colored, and glazed. Excavated at Sabz Pushan, Neishapur. 9th-early 10th century. New York Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Little archaeology has been done on this vast and complicated site. George Curzon remarked that Nishapur had been destroyed and rebuilt more times than any other city in history, an evocative statement whether or not it is statistically true. The Metropolitan Museum of Art undertook excavations from 1935 that were interrupted in 1940. Searching largely for museum-worthy trophies that they shared with the government of the Shah, the Metropolitan's publications were limited to its own Nishapur ceramics. The site of Nishapur has been ransacked for half a century since World War II, to feed the international market demand for early Islamic works of art. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 540 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (621 × 689 pixel, file size: 228 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 540 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (621 × 689 pixel, file size: 228 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... There is also the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), located in Manhattan. ... Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek: αρχαίος, archae, ancient; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, British statesman The Most Honourable George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (January 11, 1859 – March 20, 1925), was a conservative British statesman who served as Viceroy of India. ... Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... Reza Pahlavi (Persian: رضا پهلوی, born October 31, 1960) is the former Crown Prince of Iran, the eldest son of late Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his Empress Consort, Farah Diba. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...


Recent incidents

  • In the Spring of 1989, a flood in Boojan village killed over 1,000 people and destroyed some villages.
  • On February 18, 2004, in the Nishapur train disaster, a train carrying flammable goods derailed and caught fire near the town. Five hours later, during fire fighting and rescue work, a massive explosion destroyed the train and many nearby buildings. Around 300 people were said to have been killed, mainly fire and rescue workers but also the local governor and mayor and the heads of the fire and rail services. [2]

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Picture of flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nishapur train disaster was actually an immense explosion in the village of Khayyam near Nishapur in Iran on the 18 February 2004. ...

Souvenirs

The most important Neyshabur souvenirs include turquoise and rhubarb. Look up souvenir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Turquoise (or turquois) is opaque, blue-to-green hydrated copper aluminium phosphate mineral according to the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·5H2O. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been enjoyed as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique... Species About 60, including: R. nobile R. palmatum For other uses see Rhubarb (disambiguation) Rhubarb is a perennial plant that grows from thick short rhizomes, comprising the genus Rheum. ...


Neyshabur Turquoise has been used for more than 2000 years and for this turquoise it is sometimes called "the turquoise land". Neyshabur turquoise and jewellery made from it are sold as souvenirs in Neyshabur and Mashhad resorts. Mashhad (also spelt Mashhad ar-Reza, Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ...


Rhubarb, a sour fruit, grows at the foot of Mount Binalud. Soft drinks made from this fruit, such as "Sharbate rivaas" (in Persian:شربت ریواس) and "Khoshaabe rivaas" (in Persian:خوشاب ریواس), are sold at some Neyshabur resorts as souvenirs. Species About 60, including: R. nobile R. palmatum For other uses see Rhubarb (disambiguation) Rhubarb is a perennial plant that grows from thick short rhizomes, comprising the genus Rheum. ... Mount Binālud (In Persian: بینالود) is the highest peak in Khorasan province, Iran. ...

Sister cities

These cities were major cities of Greater Khorasan: Friday Mosque in Herat, a city which is known as The Pearl of Khorasan Greater Khorasan is a modern term for eastern territories of ancient Persia. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Today Balkh (Persian: بلخ) is a small town in the Province of Balkh, Afghanistan, about 20 kilometers northwest of the provincial capital, Mazari Sharif, and some 74 km (46 miles) south of the Amu Darya, the Oxus River of antiquity, of which a tributary formerly flowed past Balkh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkmenistan. ... Merv – Persian name: مرو; formerly Alexandria and Antiochia in Margiana (Greek: Αντιόχεια η Μαργιανή) – in current-day Turkmenistan, was a major oasis-city in Central Asia, on the historical Silk Road, located near todays Mary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uzbekistan. ... Bukhara (Tajik: Бухоро; Persian: ‎, Buxârâ; Uzbek: ; Russian: ), from the Soghdian βuxārak (lucky place), is the fifth-largest city in Uzbekistan, and capital of the Bukhara Province (viloyat). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uzbekistan. ... Samarkand (Samarqand or Самарқанд in Uzbek) (population 400,000) is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan, capital of the Samarkand region (Samarqand Wiloyati). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Nishapur
  • Nishapur Mayors(In Persian)
  • Nishapur governors(In Persian)
  • Ceramics of Nishapur and other centers
  • World Gazetteer on Nishapur
  • Neyshaburian e-newspaper(In Persian)
  • A useful weblog about Nishapur(In Persian)
  • Nishapur Mathhouse
  • Neyshabur bonyad(in Persian)


Coordinates: 36°12′N, 58°48′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Neyshabur (182 words)
Neyshabur is the centre of an agricultural area producing cereals and cotton.
Near Neyshabur lies the tomb of Omar Khayyam and the grave of the poet and mystic Faridoddin Attar.
Neyshabur is connected by road and railway with Teheran, 800 km west, and Mashhad, 100 km east.
Iran Runaway Train Disaster (723 words)
Neyshabur is at 36 N., for Ai, and 58 E., for a Levite.
Omar Khayyam, the Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet was born in Neyshabur.
The cursing corresponds to the curse of Abraham (Genesis 12:3).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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