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Encyclopedia > Newton, Massachusetts
Newton, Massachusetts
Newton City Hall
Newton City Hall
Official seal of Newton, Massachusetts
Seal
Nickname: The Garden City
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°20′13″N 71°12′35″W / 42.33694, -71.20972
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1630
Incorporated 1688
Government
 - Type Strong Mayor-Board of Aldermen
 - Mayor David B. Cohen (Dem)
Area
 - Total 18.2 sq mi (47.1 km²)
 - Land 18.1 sq mi (46.7 km²)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km²)
Elevation 100 ft (30 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 83,829
 - Density 4,643.6/sq mi (1,792.9/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02458, 02459, 02460, 02461, 02462, 02464, 02465, 02467, 02468, 02495
Area code(s) 617 / 857
FIPS code 25-45560
GNIS feature ID 0617675
Website: http://www.ci.newton.ma.us/
Emily Lavan, Heartbreak Hill, 2005
Emily Lavan, Heartbreak Hill, 2005

The City of Newton in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, is an important residential suburb of Boston, which abuts it on the east. According to the 2000 census, the population of Newton was 83,829, making it the tenth largest city in the state. Image File history File links Newton-MA-seal. ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... Image File history File links Newton_ma_highlight. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 617 once covered the entire Greater Boston (Eastern Massachusetts) area, reaching beyond the I-495 loop. ... Area code 857 is an overlay of parts of area code 617. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Boston redirects here. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ...


Newton does not have a single town center, but is rather a patchwork of 13 "villages", many boasting small "downtown" areas of their own. The 13 villages are: Auburndale, Chestnut Hill, Newton Centre, Newton Corner, Newton Highlands, Newton Lower Falls, Newton Upper Falls (both on the Charles River, and both once small industrial sites), Newtonville, Nonantum (also called The Lake), Oak Hill, Thompsonville, Waban, and West Newton. Oak Hill Park is a place within the village of Oak Hill that itself is shown as a village on some city maps. Although most of the villages have a post office, they have no legal definition and no firmly defined borders. This village based system often causes some confusion with regard to addresses and first time visitors. See The Thirteen Villages of Newton. Auburndale is one of the 13 villages of Newton, Massachusetts. ... Boston College and the Chestnut Hill Reservoir Located 6 miles west of Boston, Chestnut Hill is a wealthy suburb notable for its stately old houses, scenic landscape and the historic campus of Boston College. ... Newton Centre is a village of Newton, Massachusetts. ... Newton Corner is a village of Newton, Massachusetts. ... Newton Highlands is a village of Newton, Massachusetts. ... Newton Lower Falls is a village of Newton, Massachusetts. ... Newton Upper Falls is a village of Newton, Massachusetts, in the United States. ... The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University. ... Newtonville is a village of Newton, Massachusetts. ... Nonantum is one of the thirteen villages of Newton, Massachusetts, also known as Silver Lake or The Lake. ... Oak Hill is a village in Newton, Massachusetts. ... Thompsonville is one of the 13 villages of Newton, Massachusetts. ... Waban is one of the 13 villages of Newton, Massachusetts. ... West Newton is a village of Newton, Massachusetts (right next to Boston). ... Oak Hill Park (OHP) is part of the Oak Hill, village of Newton, Massachusetts and borders the West Roxbury section of Boston. ...

Contents

History

Newton was settled in 1630 as part of Newetowne, which was renamed Cambridge in 1638. It was incorporated as a separate town, known as Cambridge Village, in 1688. It was renamed Newtown in 1691 and finally Newton in 1766.[1] It became a city in 1873. Newton is known as The Garden City. Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - Total 7. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ...


in Reflections in Bullough's Pond, Newton historian Diana Muir describes the early industries that developed in the late 1700s and early 1800s in a series of mills built to take advantage of the water power available at Newton Upper Falls and Newton Lower Falls. Snuff, chocolate, glue, paper and other products were produced in these small mills but, according to Muir, the water power available in Newton was not sufficient to turn Newton into a manufacturing city.


Newton, according to Muir, did become one of America's earliest commuter suburbs. The Boston and Worcester, one of America's earliest railroads, reached West Newton in 1834. Gracious homes sprang up almost instantly on erstwhile farmland on West Newton hill, as men wealthy enough to afford a country seat, but whose business demanded that they be in their downtown Boston offices during the business day, took advantage of the new commuting opportunity offered by the railroad. Muir points out that these early communters needed sufficient wealth to employ a groom and keep horses, to drive them from their hilltop homes to the station.


Further suburbanization came in waves. One wave began with the streetcar lines that made many parts of Newton accessible for commuters in the late nineteenth century, the next wave came in the 1920s when automobiles became affordable to a growing upper middle class. Even then, however, Oak Hill continued to be farmed, mostly market gardening, until the prosperity of the 1950s made all of Newton into a commuter suburb. Oak Hill is the name of several places in the United States of America: Oak Hill, Alabama Oak Hill, Arkansas Oak Hill, California Oak Hill, Florida Oak Hill, Georgia Oak Hill, Illinois Oak Hill, Indiana Oak Hill, Kansas Oak Hill, Kentucky Oak Hill, Louisiana Oak Hill, Massachusetts Oak Hill, Maryland...


The city has two symphony orchestras, the New Philharmonia Orchestra of Massachusetts and the Newton Symphony Orchestra. For other uses, see Orchestra (disambiguation). ... The New Philharmonia Orchestra of Massachusetts, founded in 1995, is a 75-member non-professional regional orchestra based in Newton, Massachusetts. ...


The Newton Free Library possesses more than 500,000 volumes of print materials (2004), as well as art, both original and prints, sound recordings and videos: the largest collection in the Minuteman Library Network. Newton Free Library, the public library of Newton, Massachusetts, provides an extensive collection of print, non-print, and electronic resources, a comprehensive reference service, and a wide array of educational and cultural programs for people of all ages. ... The Minuteman Library Network, founded in 1984, is an organization of forty-one public and academic libraries in eastern Massachusetts that share resources, patrons and services. ...


Each April on Patriots Day, the Boston Marathon is run through the city, entering from Wellesley on Route 16 (Washington Street) where runners encounter the first of the four infamous Newton Hills. It then turns right onto Route 30 (Commonwealth Avenue) for the long haul into Boston. There are two more hills before reaching Centre Street, and then the fourth and most infamous of all, Heartbreak Hill, rises shortly after Centre Street. Residents and visitors line the race route along Washington Street and Commonwealth Avenue to cheer the runners. Patriots Day (sometimes spelled Patriots Day or without the apostrophe) is a holiday in the U.S. states of Massachusetts, Maine, and Wisconsin. ... The 100th running of the Boston Marathon, 1996 The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon sporting event hosted by the city of Boston, Massachusetts, on Patriots Day, the third Monday of April. ... Wellesley is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Massachusetts Route 16, often referred to simply as Route 16, is a East-West state highway in Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts Route 30 is an east-west arterial, connecting Grafton with Kenmore Square in Boston. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... The 100th running of the Boston Marathon, 1996 The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon sporting event hosted by the city of Boston, Massachusetts, on Patriots Day, the third Monday of April. ...


Geography

Newton is in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, at 42°20′16″N, 71°12′36″W (42.337713, -71.209936).[2] The city is bordered by Waltham and Watertown on the north, Needham and the West Roxbury neighborhood of Boston on the south, Wellesley and Weston on the west, and Brookline and the Brighton neighborhood of Boston on the east. Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... One of the early centers of the Industrial Revolution in northern America, Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... The Town of Watertown is a city[1] in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Needham is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Founded in 1630 (contemporaneously with Boston), West Roxbury, Massachusetts was originally part of the town of Roxbury and was mainly used as farmland. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Wellesley is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Weston is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States in the Boston metro area. ... Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Norfolk Settled 1638 Incorporated 1705 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Total 6. ... Brighton is a section of the City of Boston in the US Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ...


From Watertown to Waltham to Needham to Dedham, Newton is bounded by the Charles River. Yankee Division Highway, designated Interstate 95 but known to the locals as Route 128, follows the Charles from Waltham to Dedham, creating a de facto land barrier. The portion of Needham which lies east of 128 and west of the Charles, known as the Needham Industrial Park has become part of a Newton commercial zone and contributes to its heavy traffic, though the tax revenue goes to Needham. The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University. ... Route 128 is a ring highway with Boston at its center and surrounded by the concentric Interstate 495. ... Interstate 95 is 92 miles in the state of Massachusetts. ...

Union Street, Newton Centre
Union Street, Newton Centre

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.2 square miles (47.1 km²), of which 18.0 square miles (46.6 km²) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) (0.82%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 83,829 people, 31,201 households, and 20,499 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,643.6 people per square mile (1,793.2/km²). There were 32,112 housing units at an average density of 1,778.8/sq mi (686.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.07% White, 7.68% Asian, 1.97% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.52% of the population. Newton, along with neighboring Brookline, is known for its considerable Jewish and Asian populations. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 31,201 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.04. Matrimony redirects here. ...

Center Street, Newton Centre
Center Street, Newton Centre

In the city the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.


According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $101,001, and the median income for a family was $121,496.[4] Males had a median income of $65,565 versus $46,885 for females. The per capita income for the city was $45,708. About 2.1% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. Per capita income means how much each individual receives, in monetary terms, of the yearly income generated in their country. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Based on statistics reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Newton was the nation's safest city during 1999[5], 2004[6] and 2005[7], and the fourth safest city in the nation in 2006.[8] The designation is based on crime statistics in six categories: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and auto theft. F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ... Aggravated assault is a form of violent crime. ... for other meanings of Grand Theft Auto, see the Grand Theft Auto disambiguation page. ...


Government

City

Newton has an elected strong mayor-council form of government. The council is called the Board of Aldermen. The elected officials are: Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments. ...

  • Mayor: David B. Cohen, who is the city's chief executive officer and appoints the Chief Administrative Officer, who is Sanford M. Pooler.
  • The Board of Aldermen, Newton's legislative branch of municipal government, is made up of 24 members - sixteen at-large Aldermen and eight Ward Aldermen. Aldermen are elected every two years.

Note: The first listed person in each ward is the ward alderman, while the other two are elected at large.

    • Ward One: Scott F. Lennon, Carleton P. Merrill and Ben Weisbuch;
    • Ward Two: Stephen M. Linsky, Marcia T. Johnson and Susan Albright;
    • Ward Three: Anthony Salvucci, Ted Hess-Mahan and Leslie Burg;
    • Ward Four: Jay Harney, Leonard J. Gentile and Amy Mah Sangiolo;
    • Ward Five: Bill Brandel, Brian E. Yates and Paul Edward Coletti;
    • Ward Six: George E. Mansfield, Kenneth R.L. Parker and Victoria L. Danberg;
    • Ward Seven: R. Lisle Baker, Sydra Schnipper and Verne Vance; and
    • Ward Eight: Cheryl Lappin, Mitchell L. Fischman and Richard Lipof.

County

Mismanagement of Middlesex County's public hospital in the mid 1990s left the county on the brink of insolvency, and in 1997 the Massachusetts legislature stepped in by assuming all assets and obligations of the county. The government of Middlesex County was officially abolished on July 11, 1997. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council or commission. However, communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services.


These are the remaining elected officers for Middlesex County:

  • Clerk of Courts: Michael A. Sullivan
  • County Treasurer: Position Eliminated
  • District Attorney: Gerard T. Leone, Jr.
  • Register of Deeds: Richard P. Howe, Jr. (North at Lowell), Eugene C. Brune (South at Cambridge)
  • Register of Probate: John R. Buonomo
  • County Sheriff: James DiPaola

State

House of Representatives: The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ...

  • Kay Khan, Democrat of Newton: Eleventh Middlesex District, which covers Precincts 2 and 3 of ward 1, precincts 1, 2 and 3 of ward 2, precincts 1, 2 and 3 of ward 3, Ward 4, precinct 4 of ward 5, and precinct 2 of ward 7, of Newton; and
  • Ruth B. Balser, Democrat of Newton: Twelfth Middlesex District, which covers Precincts 1, 2 and 3 of ward 5, Ward 6, precincts 1, 3 and 4 of ward 7, and Ward 8, of Newton.

Senate: The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ...

  • Cynthia Stone Creem, Democrat of Newton, 1st Middlesex District and Norfolk, since1998.

National

Congress

Massachusetts Congressional District 4 is a congessional district in southern Massachusetts. ... Barnett Barney Frank (born March 31, 1940) is an American politician and a member of the United States House of Representatives. ... For other persons named Ted Kennedy, see Ted Kennedy (disambiguation). ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ...

Education

The Newton Free Library
The Newton Free Library

Preschools

  • Beth-El Pre-School, 561 Ward St.
  • Burr Cooperative Nursery School [1], 64 Hancock St., Auburndale
  • Cabot School [2], 229 Cabot St., Newtonville
  • The Teddy Bear Club Preschool, 1466 Commonwealth Ave, West Newton.
  • JCC Early Learning Centers [3], 333 Nahanton St. & 125 Wells Ave.
  • The Children's Cooperative Nursery School, 848 Beacon St.
  • Temple Shalom Nursery School, 175 Temple St.
  • Walnut PK Montessori School [4], 47 Walnut Park
  • Auburndale Community Nursery School, 230 Central St.
  • Rockwell Nursery School at Lasell College [5], 70 Studio Road
  • Newton Community Service Center, 492 Waltham Street
  • Preschool Experience, Centre Street
  • Upper Falls Nursery School, 45 Pettee St, Newton Upper Falls

Primary and secondary education

  • Public: Newton Public Schools
    • Newton North High School and Newton South High School are the two public high schools in Newton. Both high schools are known for their strong academics. Newton North is particularly known for its athletics.
    • Charles E. Brown Middle School and Oak Hill Middle School graduates go on to Newton South while Frank A. Day Middle School and Bigelow Middle School graduates go on to Newton North.
  • Private
    • Fessenden School [6], A K-9 day and 5-9 boarding school for boys in West Newton
    • Newton Country Day School [7], 785 Centre St
    • Trinity Catholic High School, 575 Washington Street. See also: Trinity Catholic High School Website
    • The Solomon Schechter Day School of Greater Boston [8], A K-8 Conservative Jewish dayschool
    • The Newton Montessori School 80 Crescent Ave.
    • The Rashi school 18 Walnut Park
    • Clearway School 61 Chestnut Street. Clearway is a small, private school specializing in educating gifted children suffering from learning disabilities.

Newton Public Schools 100 Walnut Street Newton, Massachusetts 02460 617. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Newton South High School Located on 140 Brandeis Road in Newton, Massachusetts, Newton South High School is one of two public high schools in the city, the other being Newton North. ... The Fessenden School is a private day and boarding school for boys founded in 1903 by Fredrick Fessenden. ... Newton Country Day High School of the Sacred Heart is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Newton, Massachusetts. ... Trinity Catholic High School is a Roman Catholic high school in Newton, Massachusetts. ...

Higher education

Colleges and universities located in Newton include:

Andover Newton Theological School, the oldest graduate school of theology in the United States, traces its roots to the early 1800s and the desire for a well-educated clergy among both Congregationalists and Baptists. ... Boston College (BC) is a private university located in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, in the New England region of the United States. ... Boston College Law School, known colloquially as BC Law, is one of the six professional graduate schools at Boston College. ... Hebrew College is transdenominational school of Jewish studies, located in Newton Centre, Massachusetts, near Boston, Massachusetts. ... Mount Ida College is a baccalaureate, four-year liberal arts college located in Newton, Massachusetts. ... Lasell College is a private college in the Newton, Massachusetts village of Auburndale. ...

Former colleges

Newton Junior College

Newton Junior College, operated by the Newton Public Schools, opened in 1946 to serve the needs of returning veterans who otherwise would not have been able to continue their education due to the overcrowding of colleges and universities at that time. It used the facilities of Newton High School (now Newton North High School) until its own adjacent campus was built. It closed in 1976 due to declining enrollment and increased costs.[9] The availability of such places as UMass Boston contributed to its demise. According to the city, its former campus is now "Washington Park," a 25 unit multi-family development. A veteran refers to a person who is experienced in a particular area, particularly referring to people in the armed forces. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... University of Massachusetts Boston, or UMass Boston is a university in Boston, Massachusetts in the northeastern United States. ...


Others

Other former colleges include Aquinas College, Newton (1961-1999), Mount Alvernia College (1959-1973) and Newton College of the Sacred Heart (1946-1975).[9] Newton College of the Sacred Heart was a small womens liberal arts college in Newton Center, Massachusetts. ...


Media

Newspapers

The city's community newspaper is The Newton Tab, now published by the Community Newspaper Company. It is delivered free to residents. Community Newspaper Company, a subsidiary of GateHouse Media, is a newspaper publisher in eastern Massachusetts. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

Television

Residents of Newton have free access to a state-of-the-art television production and media access center, NewTV, now located in new facilities in the University Business Center in Newton Highlands. NewTV is an independent, non-profit corporation created in 1991 to receive funding from the city of Newton, Massachusetts, designated for a public-education-government (PEG) cable access TV corporation to operate PEG services in Newton. ...


Transportation

Newton is best known as a bedroom community for commuters to Boston, in spite of considerable commercial and manufacturing activity of its own. Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. ...


It is well-served by three modes of mass transit run by the MBTA; light rail, commuter rail, and bus service. The Green Line "D" Branch, (also known as the Riverside branch) is a light rail line running through the center of the city which makes very frequent trips to downtown Boston, ranging from 10 to 30 minutes away. The Green Line "B" Branch ends close to Boston College on Commonwealth Avenue. The commuter rail, serving the northern villages of Newton that are proximate to Waltham, offers less frequent service to Boston. It runs from every half-an-hour during peak times to every couple of hours otherwise. The northern villages are also served by frequent express buses that head to downtown Boston via the Massachusetts Turnpike. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [2] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts area. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... The D Branch, also called the Highland Branch or Riverside Branch, is a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, along which light rail vehicles run. ... Unlike the Red Line, Blue Line and Orange Line, all of which run urban heavy rail cars and use stations with elevated platforms (so that the car is level with the platform and thus the cars are easily handicap-accessible), the Green Line is a trolley/streetcar line and has... Boston College (BC) is a private university located in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, in the New England region of the United States. ... Commonwealth Avenue (often abbreviated Comm Ave by locals) is a road in the city of Boston, Massachusetts beginning at the western edge of the Public Garden, and continuing west through the Back Bay, Kenmore Square, and the suburbs of Brighton and Chestnut Hill. ... View of the Turnpike from an overpass by Boston University, facing east (towards central Boston). ...


Newton Centre, which is centered around the Newton Center MBTA Station has been lauded as an example of transit-oriented development.[10] Aerial view of growth patterns in Arlington County, Virginia. ...


The Massachusetts Turnpike (Interstate 90), which basically follows the old Boston and Albany Railroad main line right-of-way, runs east and west through Newton, while Route 128 (Interstate 95) slices through the extreme western part of the city in the Lower Falls area. Route 30 (Commonwealth Avenue), route 16 (Watertown Street west to West Newton, where it follows Washington Street west) and route 9 (Worcester Turnpike or Boylston Street) also run east and west through the city. Another major Boston (and Brookline) street, Beacon Street, runs west from the Boston city line to Washington Street west of the hospital, where it terminates at Washington Street. View of the Turnpike from an overpass by Boston University, facing east (towards central Boston). ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 90 Interstate 90 (abbreviated I-90) is the longest interstate highway in the United States at nearly 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Boston and Albany Railroad and Framingham/Worcester Line. ... Route 128, also known as the Yankee Division Highway (for the U.S. 26th Infantry Division), and originally the Circumferential Highway, is a partial beltway around Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Interstate 95 is 92 miles in the state of Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts Route 30 is an east-west arterial, connecting Grafton with Kenmore Square in Boston. ... Massachusetts Route 16, often referred to simply as Route 16, is a East-West state highway in Massachusetts. ... Ted Williams Highway redirects here. ... Beacon Street is a major thoroughfare in Boston, Massachusetts and several of its western suburbs. ...


There are no major north-south roads through Newton: every north-south street in Newton terminates within Newton at one end or the other. The only possible exception is Needham Street, which is north-south at the border between Newton and Needham, but it turns east and becomes Dedham Street, and when it reaches the Boston border, it goes south-east. Needham is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


There are some north-south streets that are important to intra-Newton traveling. Centre Street runs south from the Watertown town line to Newton Highlands, where it becomes Winchester Street and terminates at Nahanton Street. Walnut Street runs south from Newtonville, where it starts at Crafts Street, down to Newton Highlands, where it ends at Dedham Street.[11]


Points of interest

The Jackson Homestead
The Jackson Homestead
  • Crystal Lake is a 33 acre natural lake located in Newton Center. Its shores, mostly lined with private homes, also host two small parks and a town beach and bath house. The name Crystal Lake was given to the pond by a nineteenth century commercial ice harvester that sold ice cut from the pond in winter. It had previously been called Baptist Pond.
Echo Bridge, Newton Upper Falls
Echo Bridge, Newton Upper Falls
  • Heartbreak Hill, notably challenging stretch of the Boston Marathon, on Commonwealth Avenue between Centre Street and Boston College.
  • Newton is home to many exclusive golf courses such as Woodland Country Club, Charles River Country Club, and Brae Burn Country Club, which held the United States Open in 1919.
  • Echo Bridge is a notable 19th-century masonry arch bridge with views of the river and Hemlock Gorge in Newton Upper Falls just off Route 9.
Chestnut Hill Reservoir
Chestnut Hill Reservoir
  • Chestnut Hill Reservoir is a very popular park with residents of Newton, Brookline, and the Brighton section of Boston. Although completely within the Boston city limits, it is directly contiguous to the Newton city limits. Designed by Fredrick Law Olmstead, the designer of Central Park in New York City and the Emerald Necklace in Boston, the park offers beautiful views of the Boston skyline, and is framed by stately homes and the campus of Boston College. The reservoir is no longer used to supply water to Boston.
  • Bullough's Pond is an old mill pond transformed into a landscape feature when Newton became a suburban community in the late nineteenth century. It has been the subject of two books, Reflections in Bullough's Pond: Economy and Ecosystem in New England, by Diana Muir, and Once Around Bullough's Pond: A Native American Epic, by Douglas Worth. It has long been maintained by the city as an ice skating venue. A scene from the 2008 remake of "The Women" was filmed there.

The Newton History Museum at the Jackson Homestead is a museum in Newton, Massachusetts dedicated to the citys early development. ... H. B. Lindsley, Harriet Tubman, c. ... Federal style architecture occurred in the United States between 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815. ... For other uses, see Museum (disambiguation). ... The 100th running of the Boston Marathon, 1996 The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon sporting event hosted by the city of Boston, Massachusetts, on Patriots Day, the third Monday of April. ... Echo Bridge (from the north) Echo Bridge is an aqueduct over the Charles River in Newton Upper Falls, Massachusetts. ... Ted Williams Highway redirects here. ... Advertisement for Norumbega Park and Totem Pole Ballroom Norumbega Park was a recreation area and amusement park located in Auburndale-on-the-Charles near Boston, Massachusetts. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... In the United States, trolley parks, which started in the 19th century, were picnic and recreation areas at the ends of streetcar lines, created by the streetcar companies to give people a reason to use their services on weekends. ... Theme park redirects here. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Advertisement for Norumbega Park and Totem Pole Ballroom Norumbega Park was a recreation area and amusement park located in Auburndale-on-the-Charles near Boston, Massachusetts. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... View of Boston College from across the Chestnut Hill Reservoir File links The following pages link to this file: Boston College Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts Categories: GFDL images ... View of Boston College from across the Chestnut Hill Reservoir File links The following pages link to this file: Boston College Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts Categories: GFDL images ... A view of Boston College from across the Chestnut Hill Reservoir Chestnut Hill Reservoir is a reservoir created in 1870 on existing marches and meadowland to suppliment the city of Bostons water needs. ... -1...

Notable architecture

  • The Baptist Church in Newton Center was designed by Henry Hobson Richardson in Richardson romanesque style.[12]
  • The WHDH-TV tower is one of the tallest free-standing lattice towers in USA.[citation needed]

Henry Hobson Richardson, portrait by Sir Hubert von Herkomer Trinity Church in Boston is one of Richardsons most famous works. ...

Cemeteries

There are several cemeteries in Newton, three of which are owned by the City of Newton, while the rest are privately owned,[13] as follows:

  • East Parish Burying Ground, called Centre Street Cemetery by the city, dates from 1664
  • Newton Cemetery, 791 Walnut Street, Newton Centre, private, 155 acres, dates from 1855
  • West Parish Burying Ground (River Street Cemetery), West Newton, public
  • St. Mary's Episcopal Church and Cemetery, 258 Concord Avenue, Newton Lower Falls, private
  • South Burying Ground called Winchester Street Cemetery or Evergreen Cemetery by the city, public

West Parish Burying Ground, also known as River Street Burying Ground, is an historic cemetery located at River and Cherry streets in West Newton, Massachusetts, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. ...

Notable grave sites

William Jackson (September 2, 1783 - February 26, 1855) was an American politician. ... For other persons of the same name, see William Barrett. ... William Claflin (1818-1905) was an industrialist and philanthropist who served as Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1869-1872 and as a member of Congress from 1877-1881. ... Louis K. Liggett, drug store magnate, founder of Rexall and chairman of United Drug Company, was born in 1875 in Michigan, and died in 1946 in Massachusetts. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... Alexander Hamilton Rice (August 30, 1818 – July 22, 1895) was Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts from 1856-1857, a U.S. Congressman during the American Civil War, and the Governor of Massachusetts from 1876–78. ... Professor Morris Morrie Schwartz, BA, MA, Ph. ... Samuel Francis Smith Samuel Francis Smith, (1808-1895), Baptist minister, journalist and author, is best known for having written the lyrics to My Country, Tis of Thee, which he entitled America. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: America My Country, Tis of Thee, also known as America, is an American patriotic song. ... Francis Edgar Stanley (1849-1918) was an American businessman and was the co-founder, along with his twin brother Freelan O. Stanley, of the Stanley Motor Carriage Company which built the Stanley Steamer. ... The 1923 Stanley Steam Car The Stanley (nicknamed Stanley Steamer) was a steam-powered automobile produced by the Stanley Motor Carriage Company. ... Josiah Gardner Abbott (November 1, 1814 - June 2, 1891) was a Representative from Massachusetts. ... Lewis Golding Arnold (January 15, 1817 – September 22, 1871) was a career U.S. Army officer and a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, primarily noted for his service in Florida. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...

Notable residents

Main article: People from Newton, Massachusetts

Newton, Massachusetts has been the home of many notable people. ...

Trivia

  • The Fig Newton cookie is named after the city. In 1991, Newton and Nabisco hosted a celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Fig Newton. A 100-inch Fig Newton was served and Juice Newton performed.[16]
  • The only Melkite Greek Catholic eparchy in America, the Eparchy of Newton, is named for Newton although its cathedral, headquarters and exarchial residence are located in the Roslindale section of Boston.

A plastic tray of Fig Newtons The Fig Newton is a brand of fig bar (in Europe, fig roll), a soft, cake-like pastry filled with fig jam. ... Juice Newton (born Judy Kay Cohen 18 February 1952 in Lakehurst, New Jersey) is a Grammy Award-winning American pop music and country singer. ... The Melkite Greek Catholic Church (Arabic: , ) is an Eastern Rite sui juris particular Church of the Catholic Church in communion with the Pope. ... Eparchy is an anglicized Greek word, authentically latinized as eparchia and loosely translating as rule over something, but has the following specific meanings, both in political history and in the hierarchy of eastern churches. ... The Eparchy of Newton is an eparchy of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church (an Eastern Rite church in communion with the Roman Catholic Church), covering the entire United States. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, with the ZIP Code 02131. ...

Newton in theater and film

  • The plot of the 1928 Cole Porter musical Paris turns on a wealthy young man from Newton Center whose mother comes to Paris to rescue him from his intention to marry a French actress. Newton Center is chosen as the sort of place where Mayflower descendants live on family estates and do not marry French actresses.

Cole Albert Porter (June 9, 1891 – October 15, 1964) was an American composer and songwriter from Peru, Indiana. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the British comedian. ... This article is about the Sacha Baron Cohen character Borat. For the movie, see Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan. ... Kenneth Davitian (born June 19, 1953 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actor. ... Tourists of various nationalities chatting over breakfast at a B&B in Quebec City. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ...

Newton in literature

  • The history of Newton is recounted in the book, Reflections in Bullough's Pond by Diana Muir.
  • Newtown (an older name for the area) is mentioned in Neil Stephenson's "Quicksilver".

Katharine Lee Bates, (August 12, 1859 - March 26, 1929), is remembered as the author of the words to the anthem America the Beautiful. ... America the Beautiful is an American patriotic song. ... Neal Town Stephenson (born October 31, 1959) is an American writer, known primarily for his science fiction works in the postcyberpunk genre with a penchant for explorations of society, mathematics, currency, and the history of science. ... Quicksilver by Neal Stephenson is the first volume of his series The Baroque Cycle. ...

See also

Note: This list replaces the Newton listing in List of Registered Historic Places in Middlesex County, Massachusetts and is linked from that list. ... The Reginald A. Fessenden House, 45 Waban Hill Road in the village of Chestnut Hill in Newton, Massachusetts, was the residence from 1919 to 1932 of the inventor,Reginald A. Fessenden, called the Father of Radio Broadcasting, because he was the first to broadcast the human voice and music by... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...

References

  1. ^ Ritter, Priscilla R.; Thelma Fleishman (1982). Newton, Massachusetts 1679-1779: A Biographical Directory. New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
  2. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ Newton city, Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau (2006). Retrieved on 2007-12-04.
  5. ^ 1999, City Crime Rankings By Population Group
  6. ^ 2004, City Crime Rankings By Population Group
  7. ^ 2005, City Crime Rankings By Population Group
  8. ^ 2006, City Crime Rankings by Population Group
  9. ^ a b Massachusetts Closed Colleges. Closed College Consortium. Retrieved on 2007-10-23.
  10. ^ Newton Centre - A Case Study
  11. ^ AAA Map of Boston, Massachusetts, including Arlington, ...Newton, etc, 2007, Heathrow, Florida: AAA
  12. ^ American Architecture, H. H. Richardson, Newton Baptist Church
  13. ^ Cemeteries of Newton
  14. ^ The Political Graveyard: Middlesex County, Mass
  15. ^ Historic La Mott, PA - The Union Generals
  16. ^ Barbara L. Fredricksen (2003). For Juice, it's been a sweet ride, St. Petersburg Times, 3-21-2003.

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • City of Newton official website
  • Newton Cemetery
  • Newton Citizens (general info)
  • Newton/Needham Chamber of Commerce
  • Newton Tab (Newspaper)
  • Newton Symphony Orchestra (established 1965)
  • Newton, Massachusetts is at coordinates 42°20′16″N 71°12′36″W / 42.337713, -71.209936 (Newton, Massachusetts)Coordinates: 42°20′16″N 71°12′36″W / 42.337713, -71.209936 (Newton, Massachusetts)

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Newton Conservators Home Page (200 words)
Newton Conservators Inc. is a citizens group that advocates for Newton's open spaces.
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In May 2007, the City of Newton completed the acquisition by eminent domain of the lakeshore property at 20 Rogers Street.
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In the midst of the river is a large bowlder called the "County Rock," marking the abutting corners of Norfolk and Middlesex counties and of the towns of Newton, Wellesley and Weston.
At Newton Upper Falls, the Charles plunges over a rocky bed in a descent of more than 20 feet; at Riverside are the boat-houses; and a little further down the river, on the Waltham side, may be seen Professor Horsford's "Norumbega Tower') marking the supposed site of that ancient and somewhat mythical aboriginal town.
Newton abounds in churches, there being not less than 28; the Baptists have 5; the Congregationalists 7; the Methodists 5; the Protestant Episcopalians 3; the Roman Catholics 3; the.
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