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Encyclopedia > News

News is any new information or information on current events which is presented by print, broadcast, Internet, or word of mouth to a third party or mass audience. Highlights The so-called iTunes Law, which Apple has called state-sponsored piracy, is approved by the French Parliament (coat of arms pictured). ... “Publisher” redirects here. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... For other uses, see Word of mouth (disambiguation). ...


Etymology

One theory is that [news]http://www.newschomper.110mb.com was developed as a special use of the plural form of "new" in the 14th century. In Middle English, the equivalent word was newes, based on the French nouvelles.[citation needed] Middle English is the name given by historical linguistics to the diverse forms of the English language spoken between the Norman invasion of 1066 and the mid-to-late 15th century, when the Chancery Standard, a form of London-based English, began to become widespread, a process aided by the...

Look up news in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ...

Reporting of news

News reporting is a type of journalism, typically written or broadcast in news style. News is often reported by a variety of sources, such as newspapers, television, and radio programs, wire services, and web sites. Most news is investigated and presented by journalists and can be distributed to various outlets via news agencies.The reporting and investigation of news falls within the profession of journalism. Journalism is a discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ... News style or news writing is the particular prose style used for news reporting (ie. ... A news agency is an organization journalists established to supply news reports to organizations in the news trade: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... A website, Web site or WWW site (often shortened to just site) is a collection of webpages, that is, HTML/XHTML documents accessible via HTTP on the Internet; all publicly accessible websites in existence comprise the World Wide Web. ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... Definition A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to organizations in the news trade: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ...


Categories of news

Until the 1970s, when women's lib issues came to the forefront, most newspapers had a "Women's" section devoted entirely to fashion and society news. Papers even printed "cheesecake" feature photos of attractive young women in bikinis, often transmitted by the AP or UPI wire services, illustrating various news events or feature ideas. Feminism is a body of social theory and political movement primarily based on and motivated by the experiences of women. ... Pin-up photo of Ingrid Bergman for the March 16, 1945 issue of the U.S. Army magazine, Yank. ... This article is about the womens bathing suit. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Front of UPI Headquarters, Washington, D.C. United Press International (UPI) is a global news agency headquartered in the United States filing news in English, Spanish and Arabic. ...


There are many other categories of news. The weather is typically presented by a certified meteorologist or, on smaller stations, a less-trained "weatherman" and is considered news. Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting. ...


Other news categories are:

A sport consists of a physical activity or skill carried out with a recreational purpose: for competition, for self-enjoyment, to attain excellence, for the development of a skill, or some combination of these. ... For other uses, see Fashion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Society (disambiguation). ... A stilt-walker entertaining shoppers at a shopping centre in Swindon, England Entertainment is an activity designed to give pleasure or relaxation to an audience (although in the case of a computer game the audience may be only one person). ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... A feature article is an article in a newspaper, a magazine, or a news website that is not meant to report breaking news, but to take an in-depth look at a subject. ... A lottery is a popular form of gambling which involves the drawing of lots for a prize. ... For the 1998 movie, see Celebrity (1998 movie). ... Advert redirects here. ...

History of news reporting

In its infancy, news gathering was primitive by today's standards. Printed news had to be phoned in to a newsroom or brought there by a reporter, where it was typed and either transmitted over wire services or edited and manually set in type along with other news stories for a specific edition. Today, the term "Breaking News" has become trite as broadcast and cable news services use live satellite technology to bring current events into consumers' homes live as they happen. Events that used to take hours or days to become common knowledge in towns or in nations are fed instantaneously to consumers via radio, television, cell phones, and the Internet. This article is about journalistic reporters. ... Editing is the process of preparing language, images, or sound for presentation through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... Consumers refers to individuals or households that purchase and use goods and services generated within the economy. ... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ...


Newspapers

Most large cities had[citation needed] morning and afternoon newspapers. As the media evolved and news outlets increased to the point of near over-saturation, afternoon newspapers were shut down except for relatively few. Morning newspapers have been gradually losing circulation, according to reports advanced by the papers themselves.[citation needed]


Commonly, news content should contain the "Five Ws" (who, what, when, where, why, and also how) of an event. There should be no questions remaining. Newspapers normally write hard news stories, such as those pertaining to murders, fires, wars, etc. in inverted pyramid style so the most important information is at the beginning. Busy readers can read as little or as much as they desire. Local stations and networks with a set format must take news stories and break them down into the most important aspects due to time constraints. Cable news channels such as Fox News Channel, MSNBC, and CNN, are able to take advantage of a story, sacrificing other, decidedly less important stories, and giving as much detail about breaking news as possible. It has been suggested that Four Ws be merged into this article or section. ... The inverted pyramid is a graphical metaphor that is most often used to illustrate how information should be arranged or presented within a text, in particular within a news story. ... Fox News redirects here. ... For the news website, see msnbc. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ...


Objectivity in news

News organizations are often expected to aim for objectivity; reporters claim to try to cover all sides of an issue without bias, as compared to commentators or analysts, who provide opinion or personal point-of-view. However, several governments impose certain constraints or police news organizations for bias. In the United Kingdom, for example, limits are set by the government agency Ofcom, the Office of Communications. Both newspapers and broadcast news programs in the United States are generally expected to remain neutral and avoid bias except for clearly indicated editorial articles or segments. Many single-party governments have operated state-run news organizations, which may present the government's views. Definition A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to organizations in the news trade: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... Objectivity is frequently held to be essential to journalistic professionalism (particularly in the United States); however, there is some disagreement about what the concept consists of. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ...


Even in those situations where objectivity is expected, it is difficult to achieve, and individual journalists may fall foul of their own personal bias, or succumb to commercial or political pressure. Individuals and organizations who are the subject of news reports may use news management techniques to try to make a favourable impression.[citation needed] Because no human being can remain entirely objective (each of us has a particular point of view), it is recognized that there can be no absolute objectivity in news reporting.Template:Fact=March 2008 News management is the process by which individuals and organizations (especially political parties) control information and their interactions with the news media to achieve some strategic objective. ...


Newsworthiness

Newsworthiness is defined as a subject having sufficient interest to the public or a special audience to warrant press attention or coverage.


Normal people are not newsworthy unless they meet an unusual circumstance or tragedy. The news divides the population into two groups; those few whose lives are newsworthy, and the multitude who are born, live out their lives and die without the news media paying them any mind.[citation needed] The news has always covered subjects that catch people's attention and differ from their "ordinary lives". The news is often used for escapism and thus normal events are not newsworthy. Whether the subject is love, birth, weather, or crime, journalists' tastes inevitably run toward the unnatural, the extraordinary.


The subject and newsworthiness of a story depends on the audience, as they decide what they do and do not have an interest in. The denser the population, the more global the news becomes, as there is a broader range of interests involved in its selection.


Famous TV news broadcasters

  • ABC (USA and Europe)
  • AAJ TV (Pakistan)
  • BBC (worldwide)
  • CBS news (USA only)
  • CNN (worldwide)
  • Fox news (USA only)
  • MSNBC (USA only)
  • NDTV (India only)
  • Pathé news (cancelled; it was only available in Europe)
  • Sky News (UK and worldwide)

The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... CBS News logo, used from Sept. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Fox News Channels slogan is We Report, You Decide The Fox News Channel is a U.S. cable and satellite news channel. ... For the news website, see msnbc. ... NDTV (New Delhi Television Limited), founded in 1988, is Indias largest private television production house. ... Sky News is a 24-hour British domestic and international television news channel that started broadcasting on 5 February 1989 as part of the then four-channel Sky Television service, as well as a hourly news radio service in the UK. Broadcast of a 24-hour radio service is due...

Famous Internet news websites

BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... Yahoo! headquarters in Sunnyvale Security checkpoint at entrance to headquarters parking lot. ... Google News is an automated news aggregator provided by Google Inc. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Fox News Channels slogan is We Report, You Decide The Fox News Channel is a U.S. cable and satellite news channel. ... For the news website, see msnbc. ... AP may refer to: Andhra Pradesh, A state in the Republic of India Associated Press, an American news agency AP, the United States postal abbreviation for U.S. military personnel in the Pacific Ocean region AP, the U.S. Navy hull classification symbol for transport support ships A&P, the...

International news broadcasters

  • CNN International – An international news broadcaster with a US feed. It is known as the pioneer of 24-hour news broadcasting.[citation needed]
  • BBC World – A British-based news channel. It is perhaps the most exclusive news channel in the world.[citation needed]
  • Channel NewsAsia – Based in Singapore. It runs for 20 hours.
  • Al-Jazeera English – Based in Dohar, Qatar.
  • Public Radio International – An international and global news and cultural perspectives provider in the United States. It has created the first global news broadcast program in the United States, The World.

CNN International (CNNI) is an English language television network that carries news, current affairs and business programming world-wide. ... World News bulletins form the main part of the channels daily schedule. ... Channel NewsAsia (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated CNA) is a pan-Asian news channel based in Singapore and owned by MediaCorp. ... Al Jazeera English is a 24-hour English-language news and current affairs TV channel headquartered in Doha, Qatar. ... Doha, Qatar Doha (Arabic: الدوحة;, Ad-Dawḥah or Ad-Dōḥah), population 400,051 (2005 census), is the capital of Qatar, and is at , on the Persian Gulf. ... Public Radio International (PRI) is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization, with locations in Boston, New York, and London. ...

See also

Journalism Portal
Current events Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... Infotainment (a portmanteau of information and entertainment) refers to a general type of media broadcast program which provides a combination of current events news and feature news, or features stories. Infotainment also refers to the segments of programming in television news programs which overall consist of both hard news segments... Highlights The so-called iTunes Law, which Apple has called state-sponsored piracy, is approved by the French Parliament (coat of arms pictured). ... All-news radio is a radio format devoted entirely to discussion and broadcast of news. ... For the song Weather Report by The American Analog Set, see The Golden Band. ... News tickers often scroll headlines along the bottom of the screen during news & current affairs programs, such as on Australias Sunrise. ...

References

  • Stephens, Mitchell. "The History of News - 3rd Ed" Oxford University Press, New York, 2007.

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