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Encyclopedia > Newport, Isle of Wight
Newport
Statistics
Population: 23,957
Ordnance Survey
OS grid reference: SZ502893
Administration
District: Isle of Wight
Region: South East England
Constituent country: England
Sovereign state: United Kingdom
Other
Ceremonial county: Isle of Wight
Historic county: Hampshire
Services
Police force: Hampshire Constabulary
Ambulance service: South Central
Post office and telephone
Post town: NEWPORT
Postal district: PO30
Dialling code: 01983
Politics
UK Parliament: Isle of Wight
European Parliament: South East England

Newport is the county town of the Isle of Wight, an island off the south coast of England. Newport has a population of 23,957 according to the 2001 census. The town is situated slightly to the north of the centre of the island, at the head of the navigable section of the River Medina, which flows northward to the Solent, and on which the town has a quay. Image File history File links Dot4gb. ... Image File history File links Gb4dot. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Constituent country is an official term used to describe three of the four principal component parts of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK): England; Scotland; Wales. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... Hampshire (abbr. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Hampshire Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing Hampshire and the Isle of Wight in southern England. ... This is a list of ambulance services in the United Kingdom: Ambulance services in England, after July 1, 2006 are A few deviations from the above have been made for operational reasons. ... The South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hampshire, Milton Keynes, Oxfordshire, Portsmouth, and Southampton, in the South East England region. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... The Isle of Wight is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Sign in the entrance of the European Parliament building in Brussels, written in all the official languages used in the European Union as of July 2006 The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The inside of the Strasbourg building The European Parliament building in Brussels The European Parliament (formerly European Parliamentary... South East England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... A county town is the capital of a county in Ireland or the United Kingdom. ... The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... The River Medina is small river that runs from the hills in the south of the Isle of Wight, through the capital Newport, towards the Solent at Cowes. ... Satellite image showing the Solent, separating the Isle of Wight from mainland Britain The Solent is a stretch of sea separating the Isle of Wight from the mainland of Great Britain. ...

Contents

History

Newport High Street, circa 1910
Enlarge
Newport High Street, circa 1910

There are signs of Roman settlement in the area, which was probably known as Medina, including two known roman villas one of which is excavated and open to the public. There was little later use until after the Norman conquest with the first charter being granted late in the twelfth century. In 1377 an invading French force burnt down much of the town while attempting to take Carisbrooke Castle, then under the command of Sir Hugh Tyrill. A group of French were captured and killed, then buried in a tumulus later nicknamed Noddies Hill, a "noddy" being medieval slang for a body. This was later corrupted to Nodehill, the present-day name for a part of central Newport - a name confusing to many as the area is flat. Image File history File links Newport_High_Street_c1910_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_17296. ... Image File history File links Newport_High_Street_c1910_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_17296. ... The Roman Empire contained many kinds of villas. ... Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... // Events January 17 – Pope Gregory XI enters Rome. ... Carisbrooke Castle Carisbrooke Castle is a historic castle located near Newport, Isle of Wight // Early History The site of Carisbrooke Castle may have been occupied in pre-Roman times. ...


The town was incorporated as a borough in 1608. The town's position as an area of trade accessible to the sea meant it rapidly took over from Carisbrooke as the main central settlement, eventually absorbing the latter as a suburb. The borough ceased to exist in 1974 after the incorporation of the larger Borough of Medina, which was itself superseded in 1995 by a single unitary authority covering the whole of the Isle of Wight. A borough is an administrative division used in various countries. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... Carisbrooke Castle Carisbrooke Castle is a historic castle located near Newport, Isle of Wight // Early History The site of Carisbrooke Castle may have been occupied in pre-Roman times. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Medina was a borough on the Isle of Wight in England from 1974. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Isle of Wight Council is a local council. ...


Prisons

The town's suburb of Parkhurst is home to three prisons: the notorious Parkhurst Prison itself, Camp Hill, and Albany. Parkhurst and Albany were once amongst the few top-security prisons in the United Kingdom. HM Prison Parkhurst is a prison situated in Parkhurst, Isle of Wight. ...


Amenities

Seaclose Park in Newport, located on the east bank of the River Medina, has since 2002 become the location for the revived Isle of Wight Music Festival, which is held annually. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The Isle of Wight Festival is a music festival which takes place on the Isle of Wight, an island off the south coast of England. ...


St. George's Park is the home of Newport Football Club, the most successful of the Island's football teams, currently playing in the English Southern League. It has a capacity of 3,000. Newport (IW) F.C. (also known as Newport (IoW) F.C. or Newport (Isle of Wight) F.C.) are a football club based in Newport on the Isle of Wight, England, They were established on 27 January 1888 and were founder members of the Wessex League in 1986. ...


Parliamentary representation

From the middle ages the Parliamentary Borough of Newport had two seats in the House of Commons, and between 1807 and 1811 they were held by two future Prime Ministers: Arthur Wellesley, later to become the Duke of Wellington (who also found himself elected to two other seats at the same time), and Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston who would go on to become one of the United Kingdom's most notable Prime Ministers. The failure of Palmerston's late father to convert his Irish title into a United Kingdom peerage made entering the House of Commons possible for the young politician. The local patron arranging the deal was Sir Leonard Holmes, who made it a condition that they never visited the borough! Newport is a former parliamentary borough located in Newport (Isle of Wight), abolished in 1885. ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Prime Minister is in practice the most important political office in the United Kingdom. ... Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (c. ... The Right Honourable Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston (October 20, 1784 - October 18, 1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in the mid 19th century. ...


The borough was also represented by two other future Prime Ministers in the 1820s. George Canning was MP for Newport when appointed Prime Minister in 1827; however, under the law as it then stood a minister accepting office automatically vacated his seat and had to stand for re-election to the Commons, and Canning chose to stand at Seaford, a government pocket borough in Sussex, rather than fight Newport again. But in the by-election that followed at Newport, the vacancy was filled by the election of the Honourable William Lamb, later 2nd Viscount Melbourne, whose father had also represented the borough in the 1790s. However, Lamb remained MP for Newport for only two weeks before also being elected for Bletchingley, which he preferred to represent. George Canning (April 11, 1770 - August 8, 1827) was a British politician who served as Foreign Secretary and, briefly, Prime Minister. ... William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne (March 15, 1779-November 24, 1848) was home secretary (1830-1834) and prime minister (1834 and 1835-1841) of Britain, and mentor of Queen Victoria. ... Viscount Melbourne was a title created for Peniston Lamb in 1781 in the peerage of Ireland. ...


Newport's representation in Parliament was cut to one seat in 1867, and it was abolished altogether as a separate constituency in 1885. It now forms a part of the Isle of Wight constituency.


Notable people

  • Darren Mew (*1979) – breaststroke swimmer, born in Newport

Darren Mew (born December 12, 1979 in Newport, Isle of Wight) is a breaststroke swimmer from the United Kingdom. ...

External links

  • Photos of Newport in 3d (Anaglyphs)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Newport, Isle of Wight - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (628 words)
Newport is the county town of the Isle of Wight, an island off the south coast of England.
George Canning was MP for Newport when appointed Prime Minister in 1827; however, under the law as it then stood a minister accepting office automatically vacated his seat and had to stand for re-election to the Commons, and Canning chose to stand at Seaford, a government pocket borough in Sussex, rather than fight Newport again.
Newport's representation in Parliament was cut to one seat in 1867, and it was abolished altogether as a separate constituency in 1885.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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