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Encyclopedia > New town

A new town, planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed in a previously undeveloped area. This contrasts with settlements that evolve in a more ad hoc fashion. See New Town for places with that name. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... For other uses, see Community (disambiguation). ...


Several of the world's capital cities are planned cities, including Washington, D.C. in the United States, Canberra in Australia, Brasília in Brazil, New Delhi in India, Abuja in Nigeria and Islamabad in Pakistan; see List of purpose-built capital cities. It was also common in the European colonization of the Americas to build according to a plan either on fresh ground or on the ruins of earlier Amerindian cities. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Brasília Coordinates: , Country Region State Brazilian Federal District Founded 21 April 1960 Government  - Governor Jose Roberto Arruda Area  - Total 5,802 km² (2,240. ... This article is about the capital city of India. ... Aso Rock Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria. ... For other places called Islamabad, see Islamabad (disambiguation). ... This is a list of capital cities that were built from the ground up to be national or regional capitals, rather than being a pre-existing city chosen to be the capital. ... Territories in the Americas colonized or claimed by a European great power in 1750. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ...

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Argentina

La Plata is the capital city of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, as well as of the partido of La Plata. The city was planned to serve as the capital of the province after Buenos Aires city was declared as the federal district in 1880. Béccar, first planned suburb in the early '30s of Buenos Aires. La Plata is the capital city of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, as well as of the partido of La Plata. ... Categories: Argentine provinces | Buenos Aires province | Argentina geography stubs ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ...


Australia

Adelaide was founded by British and German colonists in 1836 to test out Edward Gibbon Wakefield's theories of systematic colonisation. Convict labour was not employed and the colony in theory would be financially self-sufficient; in practice government assistance was used in the early stages. Land had been sold before anyone set foot in the largely unexplored territory and the city (the basis for the future central business district) was surveyed and planned in a remarkably short space of time. Adelaide's design has been praised for its four-square design, choice of setting and ample parklands which have had minimal encroachment of developments. For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... Edward Gibbon Wakefield Edward Gibbon Wakefield (20 March 1796 – May 16, 1862) was the driving force behind much of the early colonization of South Australia, and later New Zealand. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ...


Canberra, the capital city of Australia, was established in 1908 as the Federal Capital following the federation of the six Australian colonies which formed the Commonwealth of Australia. The new nation required a capital that was located away from other major settlements such as Melbourne and Sydney. Canberra is thus located in a Territory - the Australian Capital Territory - and not a State. Prior to this time the land that Canberra is found on was nothing more than farming land and forest. For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ...


In 1912, after an extensive planning competition was completed, the vision of American Walter Burley Griffin was chosen as the winning design for the city. Extensive construction and public works were required to complete the city, this involved the flooding of a large parcel of land to form the center piece of the city, Lake Burley Griffin. Walter Burley Griffin and his wife Marion Mahony Griffin, in Sydney in 1930 Walter Burley Griffin (November 24, 1876 - February 11, 1937) was an American architect and landscape architect best known for his role in designing Canberra, Australias capital city. ...


Unlike some other Australian cities, the road network, suburbs, parks and other elements of the city were designed in context with each other, rather than haphazard planning as witnessed in much of Sydney. Notable buildings include the High Court, Federal Parliament, Government House, War Memorial, Anzac Parade and headquarters of the Department of Defence. This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ...


Leeton and Griffith in New South Wales are also cities, planned by Walter Burley Griffin. Leeton is a town and Local Government Area in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. ... Griffith is a city in south-western New South Wales, Australia. ... NSW redirects here. ...


Belgium

Louvain-la-Neuve, built for the Université catholique de Louvain. Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholic University of Leuven (french-speaking). ...


Bosnia-Herzegovina

Slobomir is a new town in Bosnia and Herzegovina and its name means: "the city of freedom and peace". It is located on the Drina river near Bijeljina. It was founded by Slobodan Pavlović, a Bosnian philanthropist. It aims to be one of the major cities of post-war Bosnia-Herzegovina. In fact, the city will be located in two countries, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia, although majority of it will be in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city is named after its founder, Slobodan Pavlović, and his wife, Mira. Skycraper called Pavlovics Tower represents a symbol of a new city on river Drina Slobomir, that has been planned to be built in a central part of a city, 177 meter hight with 37 stories Slobomir is the name of a new town in Bosnia-Herzegovina (notably Republika Srpska... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bijeljina (Serbian Cyrillic: Бијељина) is a town and municipality in northeastern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A philanthropist is someone who engages in philanthropy; that is, someone who donates his or her time, money, or reputation to a charitable cause. ... Bosnia and Herzegovina (also variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ...


Brazil

The country's capital, Brasília, was a planned city built in the middle of the vast empty center of Brazil, at that time (1960) thousands of kilometers from any big city. It was built in four years and concrete needed to be transported occasionally by airplane. Nickname: Location of Brasília Coordinates: , Country Region State Brazilian Federal District Founded 21 April 1960 Government  - Governor Jose Roberto Arruda Area  - Total 5,802 km² (2,240. ...


The former capital of Brazil was Rio de Janeiro, and the resources tended to be concentrated in the southeast region of Brazil. While in part the city was built because there was the need for a neutral federal capital, the main reason was to promote the development of Brazil's hinterland and better integrate the entire territory of Brazil. Brasília is approximately at the geographical center of Brazilian territory. This article is about the Brazilian city. ... The meaning of hinterland and its history. ...


The city is designed in the shape of an airplane, despite the fact that Lúcio Costa insists he shaped it like a butterfly. Housing and offices are situated on giant superblocks, everything following the original plan. The plan specifies which zones are residential, which zones are commercial, where industries can settle, where official buildings can be built, the maximum height of buildings, etc. Airplane and Aeroplane redirect here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Superfamilies and families Superfamily Hedyloidea: Hedylidae Superfamily Hesperioidea: Hesperiidae Superfamily Papilionoidea: Papilionidae Pieridae Nymphalidae Lycaenidae Riodinidae A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. ...


Other notable planned cities in Brazil include Belo Horizonte (inaugurated in 1897), Goiânia, Palmas, Londrina, and Maringá (the latter two in the state of Paraná). Nickname: Location in Brazil Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1901 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Goiás. ... Palmas is the capital of the Brazilian state of Tocantins. ... Londrina is a city located in the northern region of the state of the Paraná, Brazil, and is the 369 km away from the capital, Curitiba. ... Maringá is a city in southern Brazil that was founded on May 10, 1947. ... Capital (and largest city) Curitiba Demonym Paranaense Government  -  Governor Roberto Requião  -  Vice Governor Orlando Pessuti Area  -  Total 281. ...


Bulgaria

The cities of Stara Zagora and Kazanlak, in central Bulgaria, were rebuilt as planned cities after they were burnt to the ground in the 1877-1878 Russia-Turkey War. Stara Zagora (Bulgarian: ) is a city in the cental part of Southern Bulgaria, and represents an important economic center. ... Kazanlak (Bulgarian: ) is a town located in Stara Zagora Province, Bulgaria. ...


Canada

When Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald began to settle the West in Canada, he put the project under the command of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR). The CPR exercised complete control over the development of land under its ownership. The federal government granted every second square mile section (totalling 101,000 km²) along the proposed railway line route to the CPR. The CPR decided where to place railway stations, and thus would decide where the dominant town of the area would be. In most instances the CPR would build a station on an empty section of land to make the largest profit from land sales — meaning that the CPR founded many of the Canadian West's towns, such as Medicine Hat and Moose Jaw, from scratch. If an existing town was close to the newly constructed station but on land not owned by the CPR, the town was forced to move itself to the new site and reconstruct itself, essentially building a new town. Calgary and Yorkton, Saskatchewan, were among the towns that had to move themselves. Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... For other persons named John Alexander Macdonald, see John Alexander Macdonald (disambiguation). ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... The politics of Canada function within a framework of constitutional monarchy and a federal system of parliamentary government with strong democratic traditions. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... Nickname: Location of Medicine Hat in Alberta Coordinates: , Country Province Region Southern Alberta Census division 1 Settled 1883 Incorporated October 31, 1898 (town) Incorporated May 9, 1906 (city) Government  - Mayor Normand Boucher  - Governing body Medicine Hat City Council  - MP Monte Solberg –(Cons - Medicine Hat)  - MLAs Rob Renner –(PC - Medicine Hat... Moose Jaw is a city in south-central Saskatchewan, Canada on the Moose Jaw River 71 km (45 miles) west of Regina. ... Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Yorkton is a city in the south-east of Saskatchewan, Canada, near the Manitoba border. ...


After the CPR established a station at a particular site, it would plan how the town would be constructed. The side of the tracks with the station would go to business, while the other side would go to warehouses. Furthermore, the CPR controlled where major buildings went (by giving the town free land to build it where the CPR wanted it to go), the construction of roads and the placement and organization of class-structured residential areas. A residential area is a type of land use where the predominant use is residential. ...


The CPR's influence over the development of the Canadian west's communities was one of the earliest examples of new town construction in the modern world. Later influences on planned community development in Canada were the exploitation of her mineral and forest wealth, usually in remote locations of the vast country. Among numerous company towns planned and built for these purposes were Corner Brook and Grand Falls in Newfoundland, Témiscaming and Fermont in Quebec. A company town is a town or city in which most or all real estate, buildings (both residential and commercial), utilities, hospitals, small businesses such as grocery stores and gas stations, and other necessities or luxuries of life within its borders are owned by a single company. ... Corner Brook (2006 pop. ... Grand Falls-Windsor is a community in north-central Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... The mill on the Ottawa River at Temiscaming, Quebec. ... Fermont is a French-speaking town in northeastern Quebec, Canada. ...


In the modern suburban context, the Erin Mills Development located in the larger, incorporated city of Mississauga, Ontario is likely the largest planned suburban development or New Town in Canada. Phased development began in the early 1970s and continues to this day. Another example would be the Cornell development in Markham, Ontario also near Toronto, much of which incorporates housing "wired up" for the high-speed internet access. Erin Mills is a planned community or New town part of the City of Mississauga, located approximately 32km (20 miles) west of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... For the First Nation, see Mississaugas. ... Map showing Markhams location in York Region Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Regional Municipality York Region Communities Buttonville, Thornhill, German Mills, Milliken, Unionville Settled 1794 Incorporated 1972 (town) Government  - Mayor Frank Scarpitti  - Deputy Mayor Jim Jones  - Regional Councillors Jack Heath, Tony Wong, Gordon Landon  - MPs Susan Kadis (LPC) - Thornhill...


China

Many ancient cities in China, especially for those on the northern China plain, were carefully designed according to the Feng Shui theory, featuring square or rectangular city wall, rectilinear road grid, and symmetrical layout. Famous examples are: Changan in Tang dynasty and Beijing. Fēng Shuǐ (風水 – literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ... For the town in the Guangdong province of China, see Changan Town Changan (Simplified Chinese: 长安; Traditional Chinese: 長安; pinyin: Chángān; Wade_Giles: Chang_an) is the ancient capital of more than 10 dynasties in China. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Peking redirects here. ...


In modern China, many special economic zones are developed from the sketch, for example, Pu Dong new district or Shenzhen. A Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is a geographical region that has economic laws different from a countrys typical economic laws. ... Pudong seen from the Bund Pudong (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ), officially known as Pudong New District (浦東新區, pinyin: Pǔdōng Xīn Qū), is a district of Shanghai, China. ... Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China. ...


Côte d'Ivoire

See entry for Yamoussoukro, the all transformed village of the former and first president Felix Houphouët-Boigny, which is now the official capital of the country. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Finland

The city of Helsinki was rebuilt on a rocky peninsula near the sea in 1812 by decree of Alexander I, Grand-duke of Finland. The New Town was to become the capital for the new Grand Duchy of Finland. The planner of the New Town was Carl Ludvig Engel. Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... The main building of the University of Helsinki. ...


Tapiola is a post-war garden city on the edge of Espoo. This article is about the place in Finland. ... Garden City is the name of several places around the world. ... Founded 1972 Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area - Of which land - Rank 528 km² 312 km² ranked 279th Population - Density - Change - Rank 229,443 (2005) 729 inh. ...


Various "ekokyläs", "ecological villages".


France

Many new cities, called bastides, were founded from the 12th to 14th centuries in southeast France, where the Hundred Years War took place, in order to replace destroyed cities and organize defence and growth. Among those, Monpazier, Beaumont, Villereal are good examples. Bastides are fortified towns built in medieval France starting around 1229, the date of the first recorded bastide. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Monpazier is a Bastide town in the Dordogne region of France. ... // Beaumont can refer to: Places In Australia Beaumont, South Australia, a suburb of Adelaide In Belgium Beaumont, Belgium, in the province of Hainaut In Canada Beaumont, Alberta, Canada In France Beaumont, Ardèche, in the Ardèche département Beaumont, Corrèze, in the Corrèze département Beaumont, Gers...


Cardinal Richelieu founded the small Baroque town of Richelieu, Indre et Loire, which remains largely unchanged. Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu (September 9, 1585 – December 4, 1642), was a French clergyman, noble, and statesman. ... Indre-et-Loire is a département in west-central France named after the Indre and the Loire rivers. ...


A program of new towns (French Ville nouvelle) was developed in the mid-1960s to try and control the expansion of cities. Nine villes nouvelles were created.

  • Near Paris: Cergy-Pontoise, Marne-la-Vallée, Sénart (former Melun-Sénart), Évry Ville Nouvelle, Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
  • Near Lille: Villeneuve d'Ascq (Former Lille-Est)
  • Near Lyon: Isle d'Abeau
  • Near Marseille: Rives de l'Etang de Berre
  • Near Rouen: Val de Reuil

This article is about the capital of France. ... Cergy-Pontoise is an agglomeration in France, in the Val dOise départment, northwest of Paris on the Oise River. ... Marne-la-Vallée is a new town located near Paris, France. ... Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines is a communauté dagglomération in the French département of Yvelines. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... Saint-Pierre dAscq church Located between Lille and Roubaix, at the crossroads of the principal freeways towards Paris, Ghent, Antwerp and Brussels, Villeneuve dAscq (which means New city of Ascq in French) is one of the principal cities of the communauté urbaine Lille Métropole. ... This article is about the French city. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and currently the capital of the Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) région. ...

Hong Kong

The area of Hong Kong is very mountainous and many places in the New Territories have limited access to roads. Hong Kong started developing new towns in the 1950s, to accommodate booming populations. In the early days the term "satellite towns" was used. The very first new towns included Tsuen Wan and Kwun Tong. Wah Fu Estate was built in a remote corner on Hong Kong Island, with similar concepts in a smaller scale. A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories. ... Tsuen Wan New Town is a new town in Hong Kong. ... Kwun Tong (Traditional Chinese: ; originally 官塘) is an area in Kwun Tong District, New Kowloon, Hong Kong. ... Wah Fu Estate Wah Fu Estate (Chinese: 華富邨) is a public housing estate located by the Kellett Bay, Southern District, Hong Kong. ... The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (Traditional Chinese: 香港島; Simplified Chinese: 香港岛; Cantonese Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 dou2; Mandarin Pinyin: Xiānggǎngdǎo) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory...


In the late 1960s and the 1970s, another stage of new town developments was launched. Nine new towns have been developed so far. Land use is carefully planned and development provides plenty of room for public housing projects. Rail transport is usually available at a later stage. The first towns are Sha Tin, Tsuen Wan, Tuen Mun and Tseung Kwan O. Tuen Mun was intended to be self-reliant, but was not successful and turned into a bedroom community like the other new towns. More recent developments are Tin Shui Wai and North Lantau (Tung Chung-Tai Ho). Sha Tin New Town (Traditional Chinese: ) is one of the new towns in Hong Kong. ... Tsuen Wan New Town is a new town in Hong Kong. ... Tuen Mun New Town (屯門新市鎮) is a new town developed by Hong Kong Government in Tuen Mun of the New Territories, Hong Kong in 1970s. ... Tseung Kwan O (Chinese: 將軍澳, Cantonese Jyutping: zoeng1 gwan1 ou3; Cantonese IPA: ; Mandarin Pinyin: Jiāngjūn Aò; formerly Junk Bay) is a new town in Hong Kong, mainly built on reclaimed land in the northern half of the bay after which it is named. ... Tuen Mun New Town (屯門新市鎮) is a new town developed by Hong Kong Government in Tuen Mun of the New Territories, Hong Kong in 1970s. ... Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. ... Tin Shui Wai New Town (天水圍新市鎮) is located in northwestern New Territories of Hong Kong. ... The North Lantau New Town (Traditional Chinese: ), built on reclaimed land from the northern coast of the Lantau Island in the New Territories, is the newest among the nine new towns in Hong Kong. ...


Hungary

All Hungarian planned cities were built in the second half of the 20th century when a program of rapid industrialization was implemented by the communist government.

Dunaújváros (1951–1961 Sztálinváros) is a city in Central Hungary, along the Danube (Hungarian name: Duna) river. ... Tiszaújváros is an industrial town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary, 35 km south-east of Miskolc, near the river Tisza. ... Kazincbarcika is the third largest city of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary. ... Tatabánya is a city with county rights in Hungary in the Northern Transdanubian region. ...

India

Indus Valley Civilization

A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in the Indus Valley civilization of ancient India and Pakistan from around 2600 BC. The quality of municipal city planning suggests knowledge of urban planning and efficient municipal governments which placed a high priority on hygiene. The streets of major cities such as Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, the world's earliest planned cities, were laid out in a perfect grid pattern, comparable to that of present day New York City. The houses were protected from noise, odors, and thieves. Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro. ... The History of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1700 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization was followed by the Iron Age Vedic period, which witnessed the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Local government of the United States. ... Hygiene refers to practices associated with ensuring good health and cleanliness. ... Mohenjo-daro (literally, mound of the dead), like Harappa, was a city of the Indus Valley civilization. ... Location of Harappa in the Indus Valley. ... A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


As seen in Harappa, Mohenjo-daro, and the recently discovered Rakhigarhi, this urban plan included the world's first urban sanitation systems. Within the city, individual homes or groups of homes obtained water from wells. From a room that appears to have been set aside for bathing, waste water was directed to covered drains, which lined the major streets. Houses opened only to inner courtyards and smaller lanes. Location of Harappa in the Indus Valley. ... Mohenjo-daro (literally, mound of the dead), like Harappa, was a city of the Indus Valley civilization. ... Rakhigarhi, or Rakhi Garhi, is a village in Hissar district in the northwest Indian state of Haryana, around 150 kilometers from Delhi. ... E. Coli bacteria under magnification Sanitation is the hygienic disposal or recycling of waste, as well as the policy and practice of protecting health through hygienic measures. ... Village pump redirects here, for information on Wikipedia project-related discussions, see Wikipedia:Village pump. ... Wastewater is any water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence. ... A court or courtyard is an enclosed area, often a space enclosed by a building that is open to the sky. ...


The ancient Indus systems of sewage and drainage that were developed and used in cities throughout the Indus Empire were far more advanced than any found in contemporary urban sites in the Middle East and even more efficient than those in some areas of modern Pakistan and India today. The advanced architecture of the Harappans is shown by their impressive dockyards, granaries, warehouses, brick platforms, and protective walls. Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ... Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The Indus Valley Civilization existed along the Indus River and the Vedic Sarasvati River in present-day Pakistan. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ... Granary at Thiruparaithurai, Kumbakonam (old temple town), built around 1600-1634 A granary is a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed. ... Old warehouses in Amsterdam Inside Green Logistics Co. ...


Medieval India

A number of medieval Indian cities were planned including:

Udaipur   (उदयपुर) is a city and a municipal council in Udaipur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Mewar is a region of south-central Rajasthan state in western India. ... View across Fatehpur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri (Hindi: ) was the political capital of Indias Mughal Empire under Akbars reign, from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned, ostensibly due to lack of water. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar ( Jalāl ud-DÄ«n Mohammad Akbar), also known as Akbar the Great (Akbar-e-Azam) (October 24, 1542 – October 17 or October 27, 1605)[3][4] was the son of Nasiruddin Humayun whom he succeeded as ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1556 to 1605. ... Hampi (Kannada: ಹಂಪೆ, Hampe in Kannada) is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... Vijayanagara (often written Vijayanagar), in northern Karnataka, is the name of the now ruined capital city of the historic Vijayanagar empire in the Southern part of India. ... Vijayanagara (often written Vijayanagar), in northern Karnataka, is the name of the now ruined capital city of the historic Vijayanagar empire in the Southern part of India. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... List of urban theorists, in alphabetical order: Christopher Alexander Donald Appleyard Manuel Castells Richard Florida Joel Garreau Sir Peter Hall David Harvey Jane Jacobs Kevin Lynch Lewis Mumford Witold Rybczynski See also List of urban planners List of planned communities New town Urban design Urban economics Urban planner Urban planning...

Republic of India

The period following independence saw India being defined into smaller geographical regions. New states such as Gujarat were formed with planned capital cities including: This article is for the Indian state. ...

This article is about the capital city of India. ... For Greater Noida see Greater Noida , NOIDA is the acronym for New Okhla Industrial Development Area that is under the management of New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (also, NOIDA). ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-born architect and writer, who is famous for his contributions to what now is called Modern Architecture. ... , Panchkula (Hindi: , Punjabi: ) is a planned city in Panchkula District, Haryana, India. ... , Mohali (Punjabi: , ) is a city adjacent to Chandigarh, 18th District in Punjab, India. ... Bhubaneswarଭୂବନେଶ୍୊଒଍୅ଵର is the capital of the state of Orissa (ancient Kalinga). ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... Gandhinagar   (Gujarati: ગાંધીનગર, Hindi: गाँधीनगर) is the capital of Gujarat State, India. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Dispur is the capital of Assam, a state in northeast India. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ) (erstwhile: New Bombay) is a twin of Mumbai city, India. ...

Iran

In the period of the Persian Safavid Empire, Isfahan, the Persian capital, was built according to a planned scheme, consisting of a long boulevard and planned housing and green areas around it. The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ...


In modern day Iran more than 20 planned cities have been developed or are under construction, mostly around Iran's main metropolitan areas such as Tehran, Isfahan, Shiraz and Tabriz. Some of these new cities are build for special purposes such as: For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ... Eram Garden, Shiraz most popular garden. ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ...

  • Pardis which is built as a scientific city.
  • Poulad-Shahr which is an industrious city built for the housing of Isfahan's steel industry workers.
  • Shirin Shahr which is to provide housing for the sugar industry personnel.
  • Tehranpars which was built to house Tehran's additional population.
  • Shahrak-e Gharb , built as a massive project of modern apartment buildings.
  • Parand which is intended to provide residences for the staff of Imam Khomeini International Airport.
  • Shushtar New Town which was built to provide housing for the employees of a sugar cane processing plant.

576,000 people have been planned to be settled in Iran's new towns by the year 2005. Pardis is a new planned city in the Tehran Province of Iran. ... Poulad-Shahr is one of the planned cities of Iran in the Isfahan province. ... Shirin Shahr is a new planned city in the Khuzestan province of Iran. ... Tehranpars or Tehran Pars (in Persian: تهران‌پارس) is a planned city inside the Greater Tehran Area. ... Shahrak-e Gharb (in Persian شهرک غرب) (or Shahrak-e Qods) is a planned town built as a massive project of modern apartment buildings in the western part of Tehran, Iran. ... The planned city of Parand is situated 35 km from Robatkarim on the way to Saveh in the province of Tehran in Iran. ... , For the similarly named Swedish furniture company, see IKEA. For the company IKA, see Industrias Kaiser Argentina. ... Shushtar Shûshtar is an ancient fortress city in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. ...


For a list of Iran's modern planned cities see: List of Iran's planned cities. Planned cities in Iran: Alavi Aali shahr Andisheh Baharestan Binalud Golbahar Hashtgerd Isfahan Latian Majlesi Mohajeran Parand Pardis Poulad-shahr Ramin Ramshar Sadra Sahand Tis ...


Ireland

Londonderry (see Derry) was the first ever planned city in Ireland. Work began on building the new city across the River Foyle from the ancient town of Derry (Doire Cholm Chille or Doire) in 1613. The walls were actually completed 5 years later in 1618. The central diamond within a walled city with four gates was thought to be a good design for defence.[1] For other places with similar names, see Derry (disambiguation) and Londonderry (disambiguation). ... For other places with similar names, see Derry (disambiguation) and Londonderry (disambiguation). ...


Ireland, Republic of

In the Republic of Ireland, as in the United Kingdom, the term "new town" is often used to refer to planned towns built after World War II which were discussed as early as 1941. The term "new town" in Ireland was also used for some earlier developments, notably during the Georgian era. Part of Limerick city was built in a planned fashion as "Newtown Pery". A Georgian house in Salisbury For the unrelated architecture of the country Georgia, see Architecture of Georgia (country). ... For other uses, see Limerick (disambiguation). ...


In 1961 the first new town of Shannon was commenced and a target of 6,000 inhabitants was set. This has since been exceeded. Shannon is of some regional importance today as an economic centre (with the Shannon Free Zone and Shannon International Airport), but until recently failed to expand in population as anticipated. Since the late 1990s, and particularly in the early 2000s, the population has been expanding at a much faster rate, with town rejuvenation, new retail and entertainment facilities and many new housing developments. Shannon Town or Shannon (Irish: An tSionna) is located in County Clare and is the only new town in the Republic of Ireland. ... Shannon Free Zone is a 2. ... Shannon Airport (IATA Airport Code; SNN, ICAO Airport Code; EINN) is Irelands main transatlantic airport. ...


It was not until 1967 that the Wright Report planned four towns in County Dublin. These were Blanchardstown, Clondalkin, Lucan and Tallaght but in actuality this was reduced to Blanchardstown, Lucan-Clondalkin and Tallaght. Each of these towns has approximately 50,000 inhabitants today. Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Dublin Code: D Area: 921 km² Population (2006) 1,186,821 County Dublin (Irish: Contae Bhaile Átha Cliath), or more correctly today the Dublin Region[1] (Réigiúin Átha Cliath), is the area that contains the city of Dublin, the capital and largest city... Blanchardstown (Baile Bhlainséir in Irish) is a sprawling suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... Clondalkin (Cluain Dolcáin in Irish, meaning Dolcans meadow) is a town/suburb and parish 10 km west of Dublin City, Ireland, situated in South County Dublin. ... Lucan redirects here. ... // WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O093265 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Elevation: 90 m Population (2006) 64,282  Tallaght (Irish:Tamhlacht), is a large town within the traditional county of Dublin in Ireland. ...


The most recent new town in Ireland is Adamstown in County Dublin. Building commenced in 2005 and it is anticipated that occupation will commence late in 2006 with the main development of 10,500 units being completed within a ten year timescale. Adamstown will be the first new town created in the Republic of Ireland since Shannon Town in 1982. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Dublin Code: D Area: 921 km² Population (2006) 1,186,821 County Dublin (Irish: Contae Bhaile Átha Cliath), or more correctly today the Dublin Region[1] (Réigiúin Átha Cliath), is the area that contains the city of Dublin, the capital and largest city...


Israel

According to politics of country settlement a number of planned cities were created in peripheral regions. Those cities also known as Development Towns. The most successful is Ashdod with more than 200,000 inhabitants, a port and developed infrastracture. Other cities that were developed following lineation plan are Karmiel and Arad. Many Israeli settlements characteristically follow this model, including towns like Modi'in Illit and Betar Illit. Hebrew Founded in 1956 Government City (from 1968) District South Population 204,400 (2005) Jurisdiction 60,000 dunams (60 km²) Mayor Zvi Zilker Ashdod (Hebrew: ‎; Arabic: , Isdud), located in the Southern District of Israel towards the south of the Israeli Coastal Plain, is a city of over 200,000 people... Port of Ashdod The Port of Ashdod is Israels main cargo port. ... Karmiel Karmiel is a city in northern Israel. ... For the archaeological site, see Tel Arad. ... Map of Israeli settlements (magenta) in the West Bank. ... Modiin Illit () is an Israeli settlement in Samaria (Northern West Bank). ... Betar Illit (ביתר עילית; unofficially also spelled Beitar Illit -- Illit is pronounced: Eeleet) is an Israeli town in Gush Etzion, a group of villages and towns in the Northern Judea region of the West Bank. ...


Italy

In the past centuries several new towns have been planned in Italy. One of the most famous is Pienza, close to Siena, a Renaissance city, also called The Ideal Town or Utopia Town. Between 1459 and 1462 the most famous architects of Italy worked there for the Pope Pius II and built the city centre of the small town. Pienza, a town and commune in the province of Siena, in the Val dOrcia in Tuscany (central Italy), between the towns of Montepulciano and Montalcino, is the touchstone of Renaissance urbanism. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ...


In early 20th century, during the fascist government of Benito Mussolini, many new cities were founded, the most prominent being Littoria (renamed Latina after the fall of the Fascism). The city was inaugurated on December 18 of the same year. Littoria was populated with immigrants coming from Northern Italy, mainly from Friuli and Veneto Mussolini redirects here. ... Latina is the capital of the province of Latina in the region Latium in Italy. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Friulian Coats of Arms Friuli (Furlan: Friûl, German: Friaul, Slovenian: Furlanija) is an area in northeastern Italy, comprising the major part of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia. ... Veneto or Venetia, is one of the 20 regions of Italy. ...


The great Sicilan earthquake of 1693 forced the complete rebuilding on new plans of many towns. Illustration 1: Sicilian Baroque. ...


Other well known new cities are located close to Milan in the metropolitan area. Crespi d'Adda, a few kilometres east of Milan along the Adda River, was settled by the Crespi family. It was the first Ideal Worker's City in Italy, built close to the cotton factory. Today Crespi d'Adda is part of the Unesco World Heritage List. Cusano Milanino was settled in the first years of the 20th century in the formerly small town of Cusano. It was built as a new green city, rich in parks, villas, large boulevards and called Milanino (Little Milan). In the 1970s in the eastern metropolitan area of Milan a new city was built by Silvio Berlusconi. It was called Milano 2. It is a garden city for the upper classes. In the 1980s another 2 new cities were built by Berlusconi: Milano 3 and Milano Visconti. Each new city has around 12,000 inhabitants. Type Anti-tank Nationality Joint France/Germany Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA, Bharat Dynamics (under license) Date of design 70s Production period since 1972 Service duration since 1972 Operators 41 countries Variants MILAN 1, MILAN 2, MILAN 2T, MILAN 3, MILAN... The Crespi factory Crespi dAdda is a worker village in Italy founded in the 19th century. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Ossimo is a town and comune in the province of Milan, in Lombardy. ...   (born September 29, 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. ...


Japan

Borrowing from the New Town movement in the UK, some 30 new towns have been built in Japan all over the country. Most of these constructions were initiated during the period of rapid economic growth in the 1960s, but construction continued into the 1980s. Most of them are located near Tokyo and the Kansai region. Some towns, (Senri New Town, Tama New Town) do not provide much employment, and many of the residents commute to the nearby city. These towns fostered the infamous congestion of commuter trains (although as the metropolitan areas have grown, this commute has become relatively short in comparison to commutes from the new urban fringe). For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... The Kansai (Japanese: 関西) region of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方, Kinki-chihō), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, Honshu. ... Tama New Town is a massive residential development straddling the municipalities of Hachioji, Tama, Inagi and Machida cities on the western flank of Tokyo, Japan. ...


Other New Towns act as industrial/academic agglomerations (sangyo-shuseki) (Tsukuba Science City, Kashima Port Town). These areas attempt to create an all-inclusive environment for daily living, in accordance with Uzō Nishiyama's "life-spheres" principle.


Japan has also developed the concept of new towns to what Manuel Castells and Sir Peter Hall call technopolis. The technopolis program of the 1980s has precedents in the New Industrial Cities Act of the 60s. These cities are largely modeled after Tsukuba Academic New Town in that they attempt to agglomerate high-tech resources together in a campus-like environment. Manuel Castells (full Spanish name: Manuel Castells Oliván[1]; born 1942 in Hellín, Albacete, Spain) is a sociologist, particularly associated with research into the information society and communications. ... Sir Peter Hall is Professor of Planning and Regeneration at The Bartlett, University College London and President of the Town and Country Planning Association. ... Technopolis is a term coined from the word technology and the suffix -polis, which means city in Greek. ...


In the past, the Japanese government had proposed relocating the capital to a planned city, but this plan was cancelled.


Overall, the Japan's New Town program consists of a many diverse projects, most of which focus on a primary function, but also aspire to create an all-inclusive urban environment. Japan's New Town program is heavily informed by the Anglo-American Garden City tradition, American neighborhood design, as well as Soviet strategies of industrial development.


In 2002 Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi announced the end of new town construction, although the new towns continue to receive government funding and redevelopment.


Sources:


Ministry of Construction, Japan International Cooperation Agency, City Bureau. 1975? City Planning in Japan.


Hein, Carola. 2003. “Visionary Plans and Planners: Japanese Traditions and Western Influences,” in Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective, Nicholas Fiévé and Paul Waley, eds. New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 309-43.


Scott, W. Stephen. 2006. Just Housing? Evidence of Garden City Principles in a Postwar Japanese New Town. Undergraduate diss. New College of Florida.


Korea

New Songdo City is a planned international business centre to be developed on 6 square kilometres of reclaimed land along Incheon's waterfront, 65 kilometres south of Seoul and connected to Incheon International Airport by a 10 kilometre highway bridge. This 10-year development project is estimated to cost in excess of $24 billion, making it the largest private development project ever undertaken anywhere in the world. New Songdo City is a master-planned international business center to be developed on 1,500 acres of reclaimed land along Incheons waterfront, 40 miles south of Seoul and connected to the new Incheon International Airport by a 6-mile highway bridge. ...


Malta

The fortified cities of Senglea and Valletta were both built on a grid plan by the Knights of Malta in the 16th Century. Senglea is a fortified city in the east of Malta, mainly in the Grand Harbour area. ... Valletta (Maltese: , commonly referred to as Il-Belt - The City) is the capital city of Malta. ... A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ... The Knights Hospitaller (also known as Knights of Rhodes, Knights of Malta, Cavaliers of Malta, and the Order of St. ...


Mexico

Tenochtitlan (pronounced [tɛnɔtɕtɪtɬaːn]) was the capital of the Aztec empire, which was built on an island in Lake Texcoco in what is now the Federal District in central Mexico. The city was largely destroyed in the 1520s by Spanish conquistadores. Mexico City was erected on top of the ruins and, over the ensuing centuries, most of Lake Texcoco has gradually been drained. Tenochtitlan, looking east. ... Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political and military dominance over large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the Late post-Classic... Lake Texcoco is a lake in Mexico. ... A Conquistador (Spanish: []) (English: Conqueror) was a Spanish soldier, explorer and adventurer who took part in the gradual invasion and conquering of much of the Americas and Asia Pacific, bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ...


Malaysia

See entries for Putrajaya, Cyberjaya, and the Multimedia Super Corridor. Motto: Bandar raya Taman, Bandar raya Bestari (English :Garden City, Intelligent City ) Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1995, October 19th Made into Federal Territory 2001, February 1st Government  - Administered by Perbadanan Putrajaya Putrajaya Corporation  - Chairman Samsudin Osman Area  - City 46 km²  (17. ... Cyberjaya is a new planned township with a science park as the core that forms a key part of the Multimedia Super Corridor in Malaysia. ... Situated in Malaysia, the Multimedia Super Corridor is a Government designated zone, designed to leapfrog Malaysia into the information and knowledge age. ...


Morocco

See entries for :

  • Meknès The new capital of the Sultan Moulay Ismail
  • Essaouira The "well-drawn" harbour of the sultanate.
  • Casablanca, quasi newly built in a natural harbor around a former hamlet called Anfa

Meknes is a city in northern Morocco 130 kilometres from the capital Rabat and 60 kilometres from Fes. ... Moulay Ismail the Bloodthirsty (1675-1727) was a Moroccan ruler. ... Essaouira (Arabic: , eṣ-ṣauīrah; formerly known as Mogador, its old Portuguese name) is a city and tourist resort in Morocco, on the Atlantic coast. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... See also: Casablanca The area which is today Casablanca, Morocco, was orginally settled by Berbers in the 7th century. ...

Nigeria

See entries for : Abuja the newly built inland federal capital of the country, as the crossroad of the three major ethnic groups. Aso Rock Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria. ...


Netherlands

One province of The Netherlands, Flevoland (pop. 370,000 (2006)), was reclaimed from IJsselmeer. Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Flevoland is a province of the Netherlands. ... Traditional boat on the IJsselmeer Landsat photo The IJsselmeer (or Lake IJssel) is a shallow lake of some 1250 km² in the central Netherlands bordering the provinces of Flevoland, North Holland and Friesland, with an average depth of 5 to 6 m. ...


After a flood in 1916, it was decided that the Zuiderzee, an inland sea within the Netherlands, would be closed and reclaimed. In 1932, the Afsluitdijk was completed, which closed off the sea completely. The Zuiderzee was subsequently called IJsselmeer and its previously salty water became fresh. Landsat photo The Zuider Zee (Dutch: Zuiderzee, pronounced ZIGH-der-zee) was a former shallow inlet of the North Sea in the northwest of the Netherlands, extending about 100 km inland and at most 50 km wide, with an overall depth of about 4 to 5 meters and a coastline...


The first part of the new lake that was reclaimed was the Noordoostpolder (Northeast polder). This new land included, among others, the former island of Urk and it was included with the province of Overijssel. After this, other parts were also reclaimed: the eastern part in 1957 (Oost-Flevoland) and the southern part (Zuid-Flevoland) in 1968. The municipalities on the three parts voted to become a separate province, which happened in 1986. The capital of Flevoland is Lelystad, but the biggest city is Almere (pop. 183,500 in February 2008). Apart from these two larger cities, several 'New Villages' were built. In the Noordoostpolder the central town of Emmeloord is surrounded by ten villages, all on cycling distance from Emmeloord since that was the most popular way of transport in the 1940s. Most noteworthy of these villages is Nagele which was designed by famous modern architects of the time, Gerrit Rietveld, Aldo van Eyck and Jaap Bakema among them. The other villages were built in a more traditional/vernacular style. In the more recent Flevolandpolders four more 'New Villages' were built. Initially more villages were planned, but the introduction of cars made fewer but larger villages possible. Lelystad ( ▶ (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the centre of the Netherlands, and it is the capital of the province of Flevoland. ... For other uses, see Almere (disambiguation). ... Nagele (52°39′N 5°44′E) is a town in the Dutch province of Flevoland. ... Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (Utrecht, June 24, 1888 – Utrecht, June 26, 1964), was a Dutch designer, architect and cabinet maker. ... Aldo van Eyck was born in Driebergen, Holland in 1918. ... Jacob Berend Bakema (8 March 1914 – 20 February 1981) was a Dutch architect, notable for his involvement in the reconstruction of Rotterdam after the Second World War. ...


New towns outside Flevoland are Hoofddorp and IJmuiden near Amsterdam, Hellevoetsluis and Spijkenisse near Rotterdam and the navy port Den Helder. Hoofddorp (literally translated as Main Village) is the main town of the Haarlemmermeer municipality in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands. ... Velsen (population: 67,642 in 2004) is a municipality in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland, on both sides of the North Sea Canal. ... Hellevoetsluis (population: 40,164 in 2004) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Spijkenisse (population: 75,170 in 2004) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ... Den Helder is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ...


The cities of Almere, Capelle aan den IJssel, Haarlemmermeer (also a reclaimed polder, 19th century), Nieuwegein, Purmerend and Zoetermeer are members of the European New Town Platform. For other uses, see Almere (disambiguation). ... Haarlemmermeer (population: 127,750 in 2004) is a municipality in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Nieuwegein is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ... Location of Purmerend Country Netherlands Province North Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 24. ... Zoetermeer (population: 118,483 on March 1, 2007) is a city in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. ...


Norway

Oslo: After a great fire in 1624, it was decided by the then king Christian IV that the city would be moved behind the Akershus fortress. The new town, named Christiania, was laid out in a grid and is now the downtown area known as "Kvadraturen". The original town of Oslo was later incorporated into Christiania, and is now a neighborhood in eastern Oslo; Gamlebyen or "The Old City". This article is about the capital of Norway. ...


The city of Kristiansand was founded in 1641 as a "stiftsstad" (seat of the bishop and regional government), on a beach where few people lived. The city was granted all trade privileges on the southern coast of Norway, denying all other towns to trade with foreign states. As Oslo/Christiania before it, the city was behind a fortress, with a grid system allowing cannons to fire towards the two ports of the city and the river on the eastern end. County District Sørlandet Municipality NO-1001 Administrative centre Kristiansand Mayor (2004) Per Sigurd Sørensen(H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 287 277 km² 259 km² 0. ...


Pakistan

Indus Valley Civilization

A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in the Indus Valley civilization of ancient India and Pakistan from around 2600 BC. The quality of municipal city planning suggests knowledge of urban planning and efficient municipal governments which placed a high priority on hygiene. The streets of major cities such as Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, the world's earliest planned cities, were laid out in a perfect grid pattern, comparable to that of present day New York City. The houses were protected from noise, odors, and thieves. Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro. ... The History of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1700 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization was followed by the Iron Age Vedic period, which witnessed the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Local government of the United States. ... Hygiene refers to practices associated with ensuring good health and cleanliness. ... Mohenjo-daro (literally, mound of the dead), like Harappa, was a city of the Indus Valley civilization. ... Location of Harappa in the Indus Valley. ... A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


As seen in Harappa, Mohenjo-daro, and the recently discovered Rakhigarhi, this urban plan included the world's first urban sanitation systems. Within the city, individual homes or groups of homes obtained water from wells. From a room that appears to have been set aside for bathing, waste water was directed to covered drains, which lined the major streets. Houses opened only to inner courtyards and smaller lanes. Location of Harappa in the Indus Valley. ... Mohenjo-daro (literally, mound of the dead), like Harappa, was a city of the Indus Valley civilization. ... Rakhigarhi, or Rakhi Garhi, is a village in Hissar district in the northwest Indian state of Haryana, around 150 kilometers from Delhi. ... E. Coli bacteria under magnification Sanitation is the hygienic disposal or recycling of waste, as well as the policy and practice of protecting health through hygienic measures. ... Village pump redirects here, for information on Wikipedia project-related discussions, see Wikipedia:Village pump. ... Wastewater is any water that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence. ... A court or courtyard is an enclosed area, often a space enclosed by a building that is open to the sky. ...


The ancient Indus systems of sewage and drainage that were developed and used in cities throughout the Indus Empire were far more advanced than any found in contemporary urban sites in the Middle East and even more efficient than those in some areas of modern Pakistan and India today. The advanced architecture of the Harappans is shown by their impressive dockyards, granaries, warehouses, brick platforms, and protective walls. Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ... Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The Indus Valley Civilization existed along the Indus River and the Vedic Sarasvati River in present-day Pakistan. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ... Granary at Thiruparaithurai, Kumbakonam (old temple town), built around 1600-1634 A granary is a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed. ... Old warehouses in Amsterdam Inside Green Logistics Co. ...


Modern day Pakistan

The capital, Islamabad, is a planned city. The city of Rabwah in Punjab is also a planned city, it is the centre of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. For other places called Islamabad, see Islamabad (disambiguation). ... Rabwah (Urdu: ربوہ) is a city in the Punjab province Pakistan with a population of 48,700 (2003) people located near the historical city of Chiniot in the district of Jhang. ... Ahmadi Muslims are followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. ...


Panamá

Although Panama City itself in not planned, certain areas are such as Costa del Este, an exclusive high density residential and business area very close to downtown Panama City. The project combines many skyscrapers with beautiful green ares, is called "The best developed area in Center America".[citation needed] Another planned areas, but in a lesser degree are Punta Pacifica and The former Canal Zone.


Poland

The very diverse layouts in Poland's planned cities is the result of the different aesthetics that were held as ideal during the development of these planned communities. Planned cities in Poland have a long history and fall primarily into three time periods during which planned towns developed in Poland. These are the Nobleman's Republic (16th-18th c.), the interwar period (1918-1939) and Socialist Realism (1944-1956). Main article: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth The Nihil novi act adopted by the Polish Diet in 1505 transferred all legislative power from the king to the Diet. ... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 For other meanings of the term realism, see realism (disambiguation). ...


Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

The extreme opulence that Poland's nobility enjoyed during the Renaissance left Poland's elites with not only obscene amounts of money to spend, but also motivated them to find new ways to invest their hefty fortunes out the grasp of the Royal Treasury. Jan Zamoyski, Great Crown Chancellor and Hetman whose financial empire within the Polish Republic was known as the "Zamoyski Ordinate" spanned 6400 km² with 11 cities and over 200 villages, in addition to the royal lands he controlled of over 17 500 km² with 112 cities and 612 villages. The "Zamoyski Ordinate" functioned as a country with in a country, and Zamoyski founded the city of Zamość in order to circumvent royal tariffs and duties while also serving as the capital for his mini-state. Zamość as he named his city was planned by the renowned Paduan architect Bernardo Morando and modelled on Renaissance theories of the 'ideal city'. Realizing the importance of trade, Zamoyski issued special location charters for representatives of peoples traditionally engaged in trade, i.e. to Greeks, Armenians and Sephardic Jews and secured exemptions on taxes, customs duties and tolls, which contributed to its fast development. Zamość was so successful that 11 years after its construction began it had only 26 empty lots left. During the following years Zamość Academy and numerous churches were built and fortifications were completed. Zamoyski's success with Zamość spawned numerous other Polish nobles to found their own "private" cities such as Białystok and many of these towns survive today, while Zamość was added to the UN World Heritage list in 1992 and is today considered one of the most precious urban complexes in Europe and in the world. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Noble Family Zamoyski Coat of Arms Jelita Parents Stanisław Zamoyski Anna Herburt Consorts Anna Ossolińska Krystyna Radziwiłł Gryzelda Batory Barbara Tarnowska Children with Barbara Tarnowska Tomasz Zamoyski Date of Birth March 19, 1542 Place of Birth Skokówka, Poland Date of Death June 3, 1605 Place of Death Zamość, Poland Jan... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lublin Powiat City County Gmina Zamość Estabilished 1580 City Rights 1580 Government  - Mayor Marcin Zamoyski Area  - Town 30. ... Polish-Italian renaissance architect, who built the town of Zamosc for Jan Zamojski. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal: ספרד, Standard Hebrew Səfárad, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄áraḏ / Səp̄āraḏ), or whose ancestors were among the Jews expelled from... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lublin Powiat City County Gmina Zamość Estabilished 1580 City Rights 1580 Government  - Mayor Marcin Zamoyski Area  - Town 30. ... Akademia Zamojska was a university founded in 1595 by Jan Zamojski in Zamość. After the death of its founder it slowly lost its importance, and in 1784 it was degraded into a liceum. ... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lublin Powiat City County Gmina Zamość Estabilished 1580 City Rights 1580 Government  - Mayor Marcin Zamoyski Area  - Town 30. ... Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina BiaÅ‚ystok Established 14th century City Rights 1692 Government  - Mayor Tadeusz Truskolaski Area  - City 102 km² (39. ... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Lublin Powiat City County Gmina Zamość Estabilished 1580 City Rights 1580 Government  - Mayor Marcin Zamoyski Area  - Town 30. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Interwar period

The preeminent example of a planned community in interwar Poland is Gdynia. After World War I when Poland regained its independence it lacked a commercial seaport, making it necessary to build one from scratch. The extensive and modern seaport facilities in Gdynia, the most modern and extensive port facilities in Europe at the time, became Poland's central port on the Baltic Sea. In the shadow of the port, the city took shape mirroring in its scope the rapid development of 19th century Chicago, growing from a small fishing village of 1,300 in 1921 into a full blown city with a population over 126,000 less than 20 years later. The Central Business District that developed in Gdynia is a showcase of Art Deco and Modernist architectural styles and predominate much of the cityscape. There are also villas, particularly in the city's villa districts such as Kamienna Góra where Historicism inspired Neo-Renaissance and Neo-Baroque architecture. The History of interwar Poland starts with the recreation of independent Poland in 1918, and ends with the conquest of Poland by Nazi Germany, starting the Second World War. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Gdynia (IPA: , German: (until 1939 and after 1945) / Gotenhafen (1939-1945); Kashubian: ) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and an important seaport at GdaÅ„sk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Gdynia (IPA: , German: (until 1939 and after 1945) / Gotenhafen (1939-1945); Kashubian: ) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and an important seaport at GdaÅ„sk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. ... Asheville City Hall. ... This article focuses on the cultural movement labeled modernism or the modern movement. See also: Modernism (Roman Catholicism) or Modernist Christianity; Modernismo for specific art movement(s) in Spain and Catalonia. ... In art, Historicism refers to styles that draw their inspiration from copying historic styles or artisans. ... Château de Ferrières 1855 Mentmore Towers English Neo-Renaissance of the 1850s. ... The foyer of the Paris Opera, built by Charles Garnier Neo-baroque is a term used to describe artistic creations which display important aspects of Baroque style, but are not from the Baroque period proper. ...


Socialist realism

After the destruction of most Polish cities in World War II, the Communist regime that took power in Poland sought to bring about architecture that was in line with its vision of society. Thus urban complexes arose that reflected the ideals of socialist realism. This can be seen in districts of Polish cities such as Warsaw's MDM. The City of Nowa Huta (now a district of Kraków) and Tychy were built as the epitome of the proletarian future of Poland. The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of Soviet Communist dominance over the Peoples Republic of Poland in the decades following World War II. These years, while featuring many improvements in the standards of living in Poland, were marred by political instability, social unrest, and... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 For other meanings of the term realism, see realism (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... Nowa Huta (literally New Steel Mill) - is the easternmost district of Kraków. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... Tychy (pronounce: [tixi], German: ) is a city in southern Poland with a population of 132,600. ...


Roman Empire

Although Rome itself was never a planned settlement, the Romans built a large number of towns throughout their empire, often as colonies for the settlement of citizens or veterans. These were generally characterised by a grid of streets and a planned water-supply; and many modern European towns of originally Roman foundation still retain part of the original street-grid. The most impressive Roman planned town was the city of Constantinople from around the 4th century. Roman Emperor Constantine the Great chose the site for the new metropolis and began construction. His plans quickly fell into place. The modern city (now known as Istanbul) has changed much since then, but it must be remembered that the city did not develop due to simple human migrational patterns nor pure military advantage. Constantine wanted a city to mark his magnificence and Constantinople fulfilled the desire. For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city before the Fall of Constantinople (1453). ... Ordinary Magistrates Extraordinary Magistrates Titles and Honors Emperor Politics and Law This article discusses the nature of the imperial dignity, and its dynastic development throughout the history of the Empire. ... Constantine. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ...


Russia

Saint Petersburg was built as a planned capital, where there was not much before, from 1703. Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


Magnitogorsk is example of planned industrial city of 30s Stalin fifth years plans. A steel production facility in Magnitogorsk in the 1930s Magnitogorsk Magnitogorsk (Russian: ) is a mining and industrial city by the Ural River in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, with one of the largest iron and steel works in the country. ...


Avtozavodsky district of Tolyatti is most known planned industrial city of soviet post-war modernism. Vasily Tatishchev monument in Toliatti Tolyatti (Толья́тти) is a city in Samara Oblast, Russia. ...


Singapore

Main article: New Towns of Singapore

The new town planning concept was introduced into Singapore with the building of the first New Town, Queenstown, from July 1952 to 1973 by the country's public housing authority, the Housing and Development Board. Today, the vast majority of the approximately 11,000 public housing buildings are organised into 22 new towns across the country. Queenstown1 is one of the early housing estates in Singapore, built before Toa Payoh and Ang Mo Kio, and was a test bed for much of Singapores public housing. ... It has been suggested that Public housing in Singapore be merged into this article or section. ...


Each new town is designed to be completely self-sustainable. Helmed by a hierarchy of commercial developments, ranging from a town centre to precinct-level outlets, there is no need to venture out of town to meet the most common needs of residences. Employment can be found in industrial estates located within several towns. Educational, health care, and recreational needs are also taken care of with the provision of schools, hospitals, parks, sports complexes, and so on.


Singapore's expertise in successful new town design was internationally recognised when the Building and Social Housing Foundation (BSHF) of the United Nations awarded the World Habitat Award to Tampines New Town, which was selected as a representative of Singapore's new towns, on 5 October 1992.[1] Established in 1976, the Building and Social Housing Foundation (BSHF) is an independent research organisation based in the United Kingdom that carries out a range of research and knowledge transfer activities in the fields of housing and international development. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... The World Habitat Awards were established in 1985 by the Building and Social Housing Foundation as part of its contribution to the United Nations International Year of Shelter for the Homeless. ... Tampines (or Tampines New Town) is the largest residential area in the city-state of Singapore and is located in the East Region of the main island. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


Sweden

Göteborg was planned and built as a major fortified city from nothing in the 17th century. It has grown a lot since. Gothenburg (Swedish: Göteborg  listen? ) is a city and a municipality on the western coast of Sweden, in the County of Västra Götaland. ...


Karlskrona was also planned and built as a major city and naval base from nothing in the 17th century. Karlskrona is a city in south-eastern Sweden. ...


Vällingby, a suburb, is an example of a new town in Sweden from after 1950. Vällingby is a suburbian district in West Stockholm, Sweden. ...


Taiwan

Jhongsing Village, Nantou County. Jhongsing Village (中興新村 WG: Chung-hsing-hsin-tsun, Pinyin: Zhōngxīngxīncūn) is located in Nantou County, Taiwan and is the seat of the Taiwan provincial government. ... Hehuanshan is one of the higher mountains in Nantou County. ...


Tanzania

In 1973, after a plebicite, the capital of Tanzania was moved from from Dar es Salaam on the coast to a more central location at Dodoma. The National Assembly moved the next year, although to this day, a good deal of government offices remain in the former capital. Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... Dodoma, population 324,347 (2002 census), is the national capital of Tanzania and also the capital of that countrys Dodoma Region. ...


United Kingdom

The Romans planned many towns in Britain, but the settlements were changed out of all recognition in subsequent centuries. The town of Winchelsea is said to be the first post-Roman new town in Britain, constructed to a grid system under the instructions of King Edward I in 1280, and largely completed by 1292: Another claimant to the title is Salisbury, established in the early 13th Century by the then Bishop of Sarum. The best known pre-20th century new town in the UK was undoubtedly the Edinburgh New Town, built in accordance with a 1766 master plan by James Craig, and (along with Bath and Dublin) the archetype of the elegant Georgian style of British architecture. Below is a list of some of the new towns in the United Kingdom created under the various New Town Acts of the 20th century. ... Winchelsea is a small town in East Sussex, England, between the High Weald and the Romney Marsh. ... Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), popularly known as Longshanks[1], also as Edward the Lawgiver or the English Justinian because of his legal reforms, and as Hammer of the Scots,[2] achieved fame as the monarch who conquered Wales and tried to do the same to Scotland. ... This article is about the city in the United Kingdom. ... Sarum could be Salisbury, or New Sarum, in Wiltshire, England Old Sarum, a settlement some way away from modern Salisbury A book by Edward Rutherfurd This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... The Edinburgh New Town is a neo-classical masterpiece. ... James Craig may refer to: James Henry Craig (1748-1812); British military officer and colonial administrator of The Canadas James Craig, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross in 1855 James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon (1871-1940); first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland James Craig, birth name James Henry Meador (1912...


However, the term "new town" is now used in the UK, in the main, to refer to the towns developed after World War II under the New Towns Act 1946. These grew out of the garden city movement, launched around 1900 by Ebenezer Howard and Sir Patrick Geddes and the work of Raymond Unwin, and manifested at Letchworth Garden City and Welwyn Garden City in Hertfordshire. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... In 1945 Lord Reith was appointed as chair of the government sponsored New Towns Committee. ... Ebenezer Howards 3 magnets diagram which addressed the question Where will the people go?, the choices being Town, Country or Town-Country The garden city movement is an approach to urban planning that was founded in 1898 by Ebenezer Howard in England. ... Sir Ebenezer Howard (29 January 1850 [1]–May 1, 1928[2]) was a prominent British urban planner. ... Sir Patrick Geddes (1854 - 1932) was Scottish biologist and botanist, known also as an innovative thinker in the fields of urban planning and education He was responsible for introducing the concept of region to architecture and planning. ... Raymond Unwin was born in Rotherham, Yorkshire but grew up in Oxford after his father sold up his business and moved there to study. ... Arms of Letchworth Urban District Council Letchworth, officially Letchworth Garden City, is a town in Hertfordshire, England. ... Not to be confused with Welwyn. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ...


Following World War II, a number of towns (eventually numbering 28) were designated under the 1946 Act as New Towns, and were developed partly to house the large numbers of people who had lost homes during the War. New Towns policy was also informed by a series of wartime commissions, including: Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

  • the Barlow Commission (1940) into the distribution of industrial population,
  • the Scott Committee into rural land use (1941)
  • the Uthwatt Committee into compensation and betterment (1942)
  • (later) the Reith Report into New Towns (1947).

Also crucial to thinking was the Abercrombie Plan for London (1944), which envisaged moving 1.5 million people from London to new and expanded towns. A similar plan was developed for the Clyde Valley in 1946 to combat similar problems faced in Glasgow. Together these committees reflected a strong consensus to halt the uncontrolled sprawl of London and other large cities, under the axiom if we can build better, we can live better. This consensus should probably be viewed in conjunction with emerging concern for social welfare reform (typified by the Beveridge Report). Sir John Charles Walsham Reith, 1st Baron Reith KT GCVO GBE CB TD PC (20 July 1889–16 June 1971) was a Scottish broadcasting executive who established the tradition of independent public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the town planner. ... William Henry Beveridge (March 5, 1879_1963) was a British economist and social reformer. ...


The first of a ring of such "first generation" New Towns around London (1946) was Stevenage in Hertfordshire. Hertfordshire actually counts four of eight London new towns where three of these four form a group. The group consists of Stevenage, Welwyn Garden City (in corporation with adjacent Hatfield) and Letchworth, though standing apart, is an active part of the group. (Hall 1996: 133) New Towns in the North East were also planned such as Newton Aycliffe (which Beveridge wanted to be the "ideal town to live in") and Peterlee. Two new towns were also planned in Scotland at East Kilbride (1947), and Glenrothes (1948). Later a scatter of "second-generation" towns were built to meet specific problems, such as the development of the Corby steelworks. Finally, five "third-generation" towns were launched in the late 1960s: these were larger, some of them based on substantial existing settlements such as Peterborough, and the most famous was probably the new town of Milton Keynes, midway between London and Birmingham, known for its huge central park and shopping centre, and its Concrete Cows. Other towns, such as Ashford, Kent, Basingstoke and Swindon, were designated "Expanded Towns" and share many characteristics with the new towns. Scotland also gained three more new towns, Cumbernauld in 1956, famous for its enclosed 'town centre', Livingston (1962) and Irvine (1966) (see Film- New Towns in Scotland). For other uses see Stevenage (disambiguation) Stevenage is a town and district in Hertfordshire, England. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... Not to be confused with Welwyn. ... Places Hatfield is the name of some places around the world. ... , Letchworth Garden City, more commonly Letchworth, is a town in Hertfordshire, England. ... , Newton Aycliffe is a town in County Durham, England. ... Peterlee is a new town in County Durham, England. ... East Kilbride (Cille Bhrìghde an Ear in Scottish Gaelic) is a large town in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. ... For other uses, see Glenrothes (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Corby (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in the United Kingdom. ... , Milton Keynes ( ; IPA ) is a large town in South East England, about 45 miles (75 km) north-west of London. ... The Concrete Cows in Milton Keynes, England are an iconic work sculpture, created in 1978 by Canadian-born artist, Liz Leyh. ... , The town of Ashford lies on the River Great Stour, M20 motorway, South Eastern Main Line and High Speed 1 railways, in the borough of Ashford, located just south of the North Downs, in Kent, England. ... , Basingstoke is a town in northeast Hampshire, England. ... , For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... , Cumbernauld (Gaelic: Comar nan Allt) is a new town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, created in 1956 as a population overflow for Glasgow. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Irvine is a coastal new town in Ayrshire, Scotland, administered by North Ayrshire council. ...


All the new towns featured a car-oriented layout with many roundabouts and a grid-based road system unusual in the old world. The earlier new towns, where construction was often rushed and whose inhabitants were generally plucked out of their established communities with little ceremony, rapidly got a poor press reputation as the home of "new town blues". These issues were systematically addressed in the later towns, with the third generation towns in particular devoting substantial resources to cycle routes, public transport and community facilities, as well as employing teams of officers for social development work. In Stevenage - Welwyn - Hatfield case each city is surrounded by its own green belt, so that it appears as a separate urban community, but individual bodies connected by motorway and electrified commuter line. New town blues [1] was a term coined by the British press to descirbe a sociological symdrome experienced by some of the residents of New Towns built in Britain after World War II. Town and Country Planning in the United Kingdom New towns in the United Kingdom ^ http://news. ...


The financing of the UK new towns was creative. Land within the designated area was acquired at agricultural use value by the development corporation for each town, and infrastructure and building funds borrowed on 60-year terms from the UK Treasury. Interest on these loans was rolled up, in the expectation that the growth in land values caused by the development of the town would eventually allow the loans to be repaid in full. However, the high levels of retail price inflation experienced in the developed world in the 1970s and 1980s fed through into interest rates and frustrated this expectation, so that substantial parts of the loans had ultimately to be written off.


From the 1970s the first generation towns began to reach their initial growth targets. As they did so, their development corporations were wound up and the assets disposed of: rented housing to the local authority, and other assets to the Commission for the New Towns (in England; but alternative arrangements were made in Scotland and Wales). The Thatcher Government, from 1979, saw the new towns as a socialist experiment to be discontinued, and all the development corporations were dissolved by 1990, even for the third generation towns whose growth targets were still far from being achieved. Ultimately the Commission for the New Towns was also dissolved and its assets - still including a lot of undeveloped land - passed to the English Industrial Estates Corporation (later known as English Partnerships). English Partnerships (or EP) is a regeneration agency for England, performing a similar role on a national level to that fulfilled by Regional Development Agencies on a regional level. ...


Many of the New Towns attempted to incorporate public art and cultural programmes but with mixed methods and results. In Harlow the development corporation endowed the 'Harlow Arts Trust' that purchased works by leading contemporary sculptors who had limited connection to the town. In Peterlee the abstract artist Victor Pasmore was appointed part of the design team resulting in the Apollo Pavilion. Washington New Town was provided with a community theatre and art gallery. The concrete cows in Milton Keynes resulted from another 'town artist' commission and have gone on to become a recognised landmark. Glenrothes led the way in Scotland being the first new town to appoint a town artist in 1968. A massive range of artworks (around 132 in total) ranging from concrete hippos to bronze statues, dancing children, giant flowers, a dinosaur, a horse and chariot and crocodiles, to name but a few, were created. Town artists appointed in Glenrothes include David Harding and Malcolm Roberston. La Joute by Jean-Paul Riopelle, an outdoor kinetic sculpture installation with fire jets, fog machines, and a fountain in Montreal. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Peterlee is a new town in County Durham, England. ... Synthetic Construction (White and Black) 1965-66 Victor Pasmore (born 3 December 1908 in Chelsham Surrey - died 23 January 1998) was a British artist and architect. ... The Apollo Pavilion is a controversial piece of public art in the New Town of Peterlee in County Durham in the North East of England. ... For other uses, see Glenrothes (disambiguation). ...


The only new towns in Wales have been Newtown and Cwmbran. Cwmbran was established to provide new employment in the south eastern portion of the South Wales Coalfield. The town is perhaps most widely known now for its international sports stadium and shopping centre. This article is about the country. ... Newtown town centre Newtown (Welsh: ) is a town with a population of 10,783 (2001) lying on the River Severn in Mid Wales. ... , Cwmbran (Welsh: Cwmbrân) is a new town in southern Wales, established in the 1950s to provide new employment in the south eastern portion of the South Wales Coalfield. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... Cwmbran Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Cwmbran, Wales. ... Cwmbran Shopping Centre (sometimes Cwmbran Shopping) is advertised as the largest individual shopping centre in Wales. ...


In the 1990s an experimental "new town" developed by The Prince of Wales to use very traditional or vernacular architectural styles was started at Poundbury in Dorset. “Prince Charles” redirects here. ... View of Poundbury, Dorset. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dɔ.sət], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ...


In Northern Ireland, Craigavon in County Armagh was a successful town commenced and built in 1966 outside of Belfast, although entire blocks of flats and shops laid empty, and later derelict, before eventually being bulldozed. The area, which now has a population exceeding 50,000 is mostly a dormitory town for Belfast. Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Armagh Area: 1,254 km² Population (est. ... This article is about the city in Northern Ireland. ...


See also: Town and Country Planning in the United Kingdom Town and Country Planning is the land use planning system by which the British government seeks to maintain a balance between economic development and environmental quality in the United Kingdom. ...


United States

Aerial view of Levittown, Pennsylvania circa 1959
Aerial view of Levittown, Pennsylvania circa 1959

In the early history of the USA, planned communities were quite common: New Haven, considered the first planned city, Jamestown, Philadelphia, Williamsburg, and Annapolis are examples of this trend. Washington, DC; Jackson, Mississippi; Columbus, Ohio; Indianapolis, Indiana; Raleigh, North Carolina; Columbia, South Carolina; Madison, Wisconsin; Salt Lake City, Utah; Tallahassee, Florida; and Austin, Texas are unusual, having been carved out of the wilderness to serve as capital cities. (Some other such cities are Brasília, Brazil; Canberra, Australia; Islamabad, Pakistan; and Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire.) Image File history File links LevittownPA.jpg Aerial view of Levittown, Pennsylvania From http://teachpol. ... Image File history File links LevittownPA.jpg Aerial view of Levittown, Pennsylvania From http://teachpol. ... New Haven redirects here. ... At Jamestown Settlement, replicas of Christopher Newports 3 ships are docked in the harbour. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Annapolis redirects here. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... This article is about Jackson, the city and related subjects within the city. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Indianapolis redirects here. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... For other uses, see Madison (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For ships of the United States Navy of the same name, see USS Salt Lake City. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Tallahassee redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Brasília Coordinates: , Country Region State Brazilian Federal District Founded 21 April 1960 Government  - Governor Jose Roberto Arruda Area  - Total 5,802 km² (2,240. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... For other places called Islamabad, see Islamabad (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Pullman, now incorporated into Chicago's South side, was a world-renowned company town founded by the industrialist George M. Pullman in the 1880s. Riverside, Illinois, Radburn, New Jersey, and Kansas City, Missouri's Country Club District are other early examples of planned communities. Kohler Company created a planned village of the same name, which incorporated in 1912. In 1918, the Aluminum Company of America built the town of Alcoa, Tennessee for the employees of the nearby aluminum processing plant. Arthurdale, West Virginia, a federally funded New Deal community, was Eleanor Roosevelt's project to ease the burden of the Great Depression on coal miners. Pullman is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, twelve miles from the Loop by Lake Calumet. ... George Mortimer Pullman (March 3, 1831 – October 19, 1897) was an American inventor and industrialist. ... Incorporated Village in 1875. ... Map of Radburn, New Jersey Radburn is an unincorporated new town in Fair Lawn, New Jersey, which was founded in 1929 as a town for the motor age. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... J.C. Nicholss home in Sunset Hill, located on West 55th Street between Ward Parkway and State Line Road The Country Club District is the name of a group of neighborhoods comprising an upscale, historic residential district in Kansas City, Missouri, and Johnson County, Kansas, USA, developed by noted... Company headquarters in Kohler, Wisconsin Kohler Design Center The American Club Entrance to The American Club The Kohler Company is a manufacturing company in Kohler, Wisconsin best known for its plumbing products. ... Kohler is a village located in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. ... This article is about the company. ... Alcoa is a city in Blount County, Tennessee, United States, south of Knoxville. ... Arthurdale is an unincorporated community located in Preston County, West Virginia, USA. Arthurdale was named for Richard Arthur, former owner of the land on which it was built, who had sold the land to the federal government under a tax default. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the policy program of US President Franklin D Roosevelt. ... Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (IPA: ; October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


During World War II, the Manhattan Project built several planned communities to provide accommodations for scientists, engineers, industrial workers and their families. These communities, including Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Richland, Washington and Los Alamos, New Mexico were necessary because the laboratories and industrial plants of the Manhattan Project were built in isolated locations to ensure secrecy. Even the existence of these towns was a military secret, and the towns themselves were closed to the public until after the war. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the World War II nuclear project. ... Oak Ridge is an incorporated city in Anderson and Roane Counties in East Tennessee, about 25 miles northwest of Knoxville. ... Richland Police Station in foreground. ... Los Alamos is an unincorporated townsite in Los Alamos County, New Mexico. ...


The Levittowns -- in Long Island, Pennsylvania and New Jersey (now known as Willingboro, NJ -- typified the planned suburban communities of the 1950s and early 1960s. California's Rohnert Park is another example of a planned city (built at the same time as Levittown) that was marketed to attract middle-class people into an area only populated with farmers with the phrase, "A Country Club for the middle class." Levittown is the name of some places in the United States of America: Levittown, New York Levittown, Pennsylvania There is also a Levittown, Puerto Rico, and there was, for a time, a Levittown, New Jersey, but the latter has reverted to its previous name of Willingboro Township, New Jersey. ... Willingboro Township highlighted in Burlington County. ... Rohnert Park is a city located in Sonoma County, California. ... Levittown is the name of some places in the United States of America: Levittown, New York Levittown, Pennsylvania There is also a Levittown, Puerto Rico, and there was, for a time, a Levittown, New Jersey, but the latter has reverted to its previous name of Willingboro Township, New Jersey. ...


Many other places, such as Orange County, California, the Conejo Valley in Ventura County, Valencia in Los Angeles County, as well as Phoenix, Arizona and Northern Arizona also have many master planned communities following the housing boom in the 1960s, which is when the fathers of Scottsdale, Arizona foresaw a huge amount of growth in Arizona. Some of those communities include Anaheim Hills, Rossmoor, Irvine, Ladera Ranch, Mission Viejo, and Talega, Thousand Oaks, Westlake Village, Newbury Park, Valencia in California, and Marley Park, Talking Rock Ranch, McCormick Ranch, Rio Verde, Tartesso and Verrado in Arizona. In the Conejo Valley, which is the in East County Area of Ventura County, all cities were master planned. Most notably, the Thousand Oaks, Newbury Park, and Westlake Village area was master planned by the Janss Investment Company, which was also responsible for the development of Westwood Village, part of the Westside in Los Angeles. Valencia is an area that is a master planned community that incorporated into the City of Santa Clarita, developed and planned by the Newhall Land and Farming Company. About 25% of Orange County is composed of various master planned communities, much of which was done by the Irvine Company, and since 1990, 85% of all developments in Orange County and a slightly smaller amount of communities in Arizona were part of a master planned community. 75% of all resales today in the Phoenix area are homes in master planned communities, and 80% of all new home construction permits issued by Arizona building departments are master planned communities. These communities provide functionality to the precious land left in the area, as well as the ability to create a housing-business-transportation-open space balance. Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ... The Conejo Valley is a region spanning both Southeastern Ventura County and Northwestern Los Angeles County in Southern California. ... Ventura County is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area, located on Californias Pacific coast. ... Welcome sign A typical stretch of Newhall Ranch Road. ... Map of California showing Los Angeles County. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Northern Arizona is dominated by the Colorado Plateau, the southern border of which in Arizona is called the Mogollon Rim. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... A view of Anaheim Hills from the Anaheim Hills Golf Club Anaheim Hills is a community encompassing the eastern portions of the city of Anaheim, in Orange County, California. ... Rossmoor is a census-designated place located in Orange County, California. ... Motto: Innovation. ... Ladera Ranch is an unincorporated planned community located in Orange County, California. ... “Mission Viejo” redirects here. ... Talega is a master planned community in the city of San Clemente, California and in Orange County, California. ... Location in Ventura County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Ventura Settled 1875 Incorporated September 29, 1964 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Andrew P. Fox  - City manager Scott Mitnick Area [1]  - Total 55. ... Location of Westlake Village in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1981-12-11 [2] Government  - Mayor Susan McSweeney [1] Area  - City  5. ... The community of Newbury Park, California lies on a western portion of the city of Thousand Oaks and an unincorporated portion of southern Ventura County. ... Welcome sign A typical stretch of Newhall Ranch Road. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Talking Rock Ranch is a master planned community in Prescott, Arizona and is located just minutes from vibrant Prescott. ... McCormick Ranch, located in Scottsdale, Arizona (85258), can today be recognized as one of the largest planned residential communities in Arizona. ... Rio Verde is a census-designated place located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Looking west down Main Street from the Village Green towards the Raven Golf Club at the west end of Main Street View of some of the Main Street Lofts apartments above the ground-floor retail space View of single-family neighborhood on Green Street across from future commercial development on... High-rise buildings line Wilshire Boulevard through the Westwood area Another view of the Westwood skyline Westwood is a district in western Los Angeles, California, not to be confused with Westwood, California. ... Westside may refer to: West Los Angeles Westside, Iowa This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Santa Clarita can refer to: Santa Clarita, California Santa Clarita Valley This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Newhall Land and Farming Company is a land management company based in Valencia, California, United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In the United States, suburban growth in the Sunbelt states has also coincided with the growth of such Master Planned Communities within already established suburban cities. Texas was very much at the forefront of this trend, where master-planned communities gained much popularity. Dallas-area community Las Colinas, in the city of Irving, was one of the first such examples of a master-planned community "city-within-a-city." First developed in 1973, Las Colinas is a 12,000-acre master planned community located within the city of Irving, and it is still growing. In 2006, residents approved changes to various deed restrictions to allow even more dense, urban mixed-use and residential construction. Peachtree City, Georgia is another example. Mustangs at Las Colinas Las Colinas is a developed area in the Dallas suburb of Irving, Texas. ... Mustangs at Las Colinas Streetscape along Las Colinas Blvd in North Irving Aerial shot of Irving/Las Colinass Urban Center. ... Peachtree City (zip code 30269) is a city in Fayette County, Georgia, United States. ...


The era of the modern planned city began in 1963 with the creation of Reston in western Fairfax County, Virginia, which was begun just a year before Columbia in Howard County, Maryland. In more recent years, New Urbanism has set the stage for new cities, with places like the idyllic Seaside, Florida, and Disney's new town of Celebration, Florida. In recent years, new towns such as Mountain House, California, have added a new wrinkle to the movement: to prevent conurbation with nearby cities, they have imposed strict growth boundaries, as well as automatic "circuit breakers" that place moratoriums on residential development if the number of jobs per resident in the town falls below a certain value. (The proposed new town of Centennial, on the Tejon Ranch halfway between Los Angeles and Bakersfield, will incorporate such restrictions in order to minimize the commuter load on severely congested I-5). With energy prices steadily increasing and anti-sprawl sentiments gaining currency, it is likely that most future new towns will be along "smart growth" and New Urbanist lines. A view of the Reston Town Center Reston is an internationally known planned community whose goal was to revolutionize post-World War II concepts of land use and residential/corporate development in American suburbia. ... Fairfax County is a county in Northern Virginia, in the United States. ... Howard County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Maryland, between Baltimore and Washington, D.C.. It is considered part of the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... The New urbanism is an American urban design movement that arose in the early 1980s. ... Seaside, Florida is an unincorporated master-planned community on the Florida panhandle roughly midway between Fort Walton Beach, Florida and Panama City, Florida. ... Disney redirects here. ... Celebration, Florida is a census-designated place and an unincorporated master-planned community in Osceola County in the U.S. state of Florida, near Walt Disney World Resort. ... General Plan Mountain House is an unincorporated planned community located against the western boundary of San Joaquin County, California, United States, approximately northwest of the City of Tracy. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... Tejon Ranch is the largest landowner in California. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Bakersfield redirects here. ... Interstate 5 (abbreviated I-5) is the westernmost interstate highway in the continental United States. ... Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ... Smart growth is a concept and term used by those who seek to identify a set of policies governing transportation and land use planning policy for urban areas that benefits communities and preserves the natural environment. ...


Mel Graham, the nephew of evangelist Billy Graham, is planning a new town in an undeveloped area of Chester County, South Carolina. The community, expected to be called "Montrose," will be developed along three miles of Interstate 77, and have its own exit off the highway. The proposed location of Montrose is midway between Charlotte, North Carolina and Columbia, South Carolina, and when finished, its population will most likely exceed some already-existing towns in the two major areas, such as Gastonia, Concord and Rock Hill. For other persons named Billy Graham, see Billy Graham (disambiguation). ... Chester County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 77 Interstate 77 (abbreviated I-77) is an interstate highway in the eastern United States. ... Charlotte redirects here. ... For other uses, see Columbia (disambiguation). ... Gastonia is a city in Gaston County in North Carolina, a state in the southeastern United States. ... Concord is a city located in Cabarrus County, North Carolina, a suburb of Charlotte. ... Rock Hill is the largest city in York County, South Carolina, and a satellite city of Charlotte, North Carolina. ...


Mountain House is a new city built in western San Joaquin county on the edge of the San Francisco Bay Area in the early 2000s to provide affordable housing for Silicon Valley commuters, although the need dissipated after the dot com bust, however enthusiastic developers and zealous county officials continued the construction regardless. General Plan Mountain House is an unincorporated planned community located against the western boundary of San Joaquin County, California, United States, approximately northwest of the City of Tracy. ... San Joaquin is a city located in Fresno County, California. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... Affordable housing is a dwelling where the total housing costs are affordable to those living in that housing unit. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ...


Griffin Park is a new traditional town in Greenville County, planned to grow to more than 20,000 people over 20 years . It will not be incorporated. The town will be based around the Southern Connector. Adjacent cities include Mauldin and Simpsonville. The town will be the first in South Carolina's upstate region to use smart growth. [2] Greenville County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Mauldin is a city in Greenville County, South Carolina, United States. ... Simpsonville is a suburb of Greenville in Greenville County, South Carolina, United States. ...


Highlands Ranch, Colorado is one of the United States' largest planned communities. With a population over 80,000 it is one of the largest cities in Colorado. However, it still remains unincorporated. Highlands Ranch is an unincorporated community and a Census Designated Place (CDP) located in Douglas County, Colorado, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ...


See also

This is a list of planned cities (sometimes known as planned communities or new towns) by country. ... The Try2004 Hyperstructure or Megacity as featured on the Discovery Channels Extreme Engineering programs. ... Arcosanti is a self-contained experimental town that began construction in 1970 in central Arizona, 70 miles (110 km) north of Phoenix, at (elev. ... In Roman city planning, a cardo or cardus was a north-south-oriented street in ancient Roman cities, military camps, and colonia The main street of the city was most often the cardo and was sometimes called the cardus maximus. ... In Roman city planning, a Decumanus Maximus was an east-west-oriented road in a Roman city, military camp, or colonia. ... A Roman colonia (plural coloniae) was originally a Roman outpost established in conquered territory to secure it. ... A company town is a town or city in which most or all real estate, buildings (both residential and commercial), utilities, hospitals, small businesses such as grocery stores and gas stations, and other necessities or luxuries of life within its borders are owned by a single company. ... Ebenezer Howards 3 magnets diagram which addressed the question Where will the people go?, the choices being Town, Country or Town-Country The garden city movement is an approach to urban planning that was founded in 1898 by Ebenezer Howard in England. ... Entrance to a guard-gated community (Paradise Village Grand Marina Villas, Nuevo Vallarta, Mexico). ... A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ... A homeowners association, (or, as they are known in the industry, community association[1]) is an organization comprised of all owners of units[2] in a common interest development, and is given authority to enforce the covenants, conditions, and restrictions and managing the common amenities of the development. ... A housing estate is a medium-to-low density residential area, usually part of a suburb of a town or city in a developed country. ... Model villages were a classification of social/industrial developments created in the UK during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ... // Places UK Newtown is the name of several places in the United Kingdom: Newtown, Hampshire Newtown, Isle of Wight Newtown, mid Wales Newtown Ho Newtown Linford Newtown, Birmingham USA Newtown is the name of several places in the United States of America: Newtown, Connecticut Newtown, Indiana Newtown, Missouri Newtown, New... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Shannon Town or Shannon (Irish: An tSionna) is located in County Clare and is the only new town in the Republic of Ireland. ... For other uses, see Utopia (disambiguation). ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... An Urban planner is a professional who works in the field of urban planning. ... List of urban planners chronological by initial year of plan. ... Below is a list of some of the new towns in the United Kingdom created under the various New Town Acts of the 20th century. ...

References

  1. ^ Building Social Housing Foundation, Tampines Town, accessed 19 Mar 2007.

External links

Look up Development in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Cluster effect be merged into this article or section. ... A business park in Santa Barbara County, California A business park or business estate is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ... This page lists leading upscale shopping streets and districts by city. ... A retail park is a grouping of three or more retail warehouses with associated car parking. ... An industrial park (or industrial estate in British English) is an area of land set aside for industrial development. ... Industrial district is a term used to describe an area where workers of a monolithic heavy industry (ship-building, coal mining, steel-working, ceramics, etc) live within walking-distance of their places of work. ... A business cluster is a geographic concentration of interconnected businesses, suppliers, and associated institutions in a particular field. ... This is a list of technology centers throughout the india , United States and around the world. ... Subdivision is the act of dividing up land into smaller pieces that are easier to sell, usually via a plat. ... Entrance to a guard-gated community (Paradise Village Grand Marina Villas, Nuevo Vallarta, Mexico). ... A housing estate is a medium-to-low density residential area, usually part of a suburb of a town or city in a developed country. ... A science park is a property development designed for a concentration of high tech or science related businesses. ... The following is a list of science parks, research parks, technology parks and biomedical parks of the world, organized by continent. ... Technopolis is a term coined from the word technology and the suffix -polis, which means city in Greek. ... The Universitätscampus Wien, Austria ( details) Campus (plural: campuses) is derived from the (identical) Latin word for field or open space. English gets the words camp and campus from this origin. ... A satellite campus is the campus of a college or university that is physically detached from the main university or college area. ... This is a list of planned cities (sometimes known as planned communities or new towns) by country. ... The Try2004 Hyperstructure or Megacity as featured on the Discovery Channels Extreme Engineering programs. ... Model villages were a classification of social/industrial developments created in the UK during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ... Cluster development (or cluster initiative) is the economic development of business clusters. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... Examples of brownfields that were redeveloped into productive properties Brownfields are abandoned, idled, or under-used industrial and commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contaminations. ... Land use planning is the term used for a branch of public policy which encompasses various disciplines which seek to order and regulate the use of land in an efficient way. ... Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in British English) is a movement in urban planning that reached its peak in the United States from the late 1940s through the early 1970s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Regional planning is a branch of land use planning and deals with the efficient placement of land use activities, infrastructure and settlement growth across a significantly larger area of land than an individual city or town. ... A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ... Context theory Environmental design and planning rest on theories of how new development should relate to its context. ... Eminent domain (United States), compulsory purchase (United Kingdom, New Zealand, Republic of Ireland), resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia) or expropriation (Canada, South Africa) in common law legal systems is the inherent power of the state to seize a citizens private property, expropriate property, or rights in property, without the owner...

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