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Encyclopedia > New school hip hop

New school hip hop is a rarely-heard term referring to hip hop created later in the form's development, contrasted with old school hip hop. There is no exact division, with the dividing line being variously placed in the mid-1980s to the early 1990s. Run-D.M.C.'s Run-D.M.C. (1984, 1984 in music) is one oft-cited boundary marker. The track "Sucker MC's" by Run-D.M.C. is often seen as the first new school track, although nowadays most people see it as old school rap because it is from the (first half) of the 1980s. Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Old school hip hop is the very first hip hop to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and early 1980s. ... // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 60s and 70s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but keeping the same mind-set. ... Run-DMC is a famous hip hop crew founded by Jason Mizell (Jam Master Jay) and includes Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels, all from Hollis, Queens. ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 1983 in music, other events of 1984, 1985 in music, 1980s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 28 - singer Michael Jacksons hair catches fire during the filming of a Pepsi commercial. ... // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 60s and 70s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ...

Unlike old school rap, which was first based on disco hits (e.g. Rapper's Delight was based on Good Times by Chic) and later consisted of electronic grooves (e.g. Planet Rock, the first electro funk track) while still often retaining melodies, new school rap first focused on simple electronic beats (Sucker MC's) and later samples from Ultimate Breaks and Beats became more important (eg Peter Piper by Run-D.M.C.). Disco is an up-tempo style of dance music (generally between 110 and 136 beats per minute) that originated in the early 1970s, mainly from funk and soul music, popular with audiences in larger cities all over the world, and derives its name from the French word discothèque (meaning... Rappers Delight is a 1979 (see 1979 in music) single by American hip hop trio The Sugarhill Gang; it is widely acknowledged as the first hip hop hit single. ... Chic is an American band that was formed in 1975/76 by guitarist Nile Rodgers and bassist Bernard Edwards. ... Planet Rock - The Album is an old school rap album by Afrika Bambaataa & the Soulsonic Force, released in 1986 (see 1986 in music), as a collection of previous singles. ... Electro (also known as electro funk) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records that were closer to disco). ...

Around 1990, groups like Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five and Afrika Bambaataa & The Soul Sonic Force were seen as old school rap groups; groups like Run DMC, Eric B and Rakim and EPMD were seen as new school rap groups whereas groups like Kwamé and the New Beginning and De La Soul were seen as now school or next school rap groups.

During the mid-1990s, many people began to view all rap from the eighties as old school rap. This is not a very useful definition, because it does not do justice to the different styles developed during the 1980s.

among those are:

  • early old school rap: usually, party raps backed by a live disco band (eg Zulu Nation Throwdown by Afrika Bambaataa, The Breaks by Kurtis Blow)
  • electro funk: usually, melodies and electronic beats accompanied by fast rapping (eg, Planet Rock by Afrika Bambaataa; but also The Message by Grandmaster Flash)
  • golden age of rap: beats and other samples by James Brown and other artists featured on the Ultimate Breaks and Beats series; sampling was not used in early old school rap, but became common pratice in the so-called golden age; earlier known as new school rap. examples: Strictly Business by EPMD, Public Enemy, Run DMC, Beastie Boys, Kid N Play, Salt N Pepa, Heavy D, MC Shan, Biz Markie, Big Daddy Kane.
  • miami bass: mainly electro-based, bass-heavy kind of rap, originally from Miami. The style can be seen as the mother of late 90s crunk music.
  • gangster rap: pioneered by Schoolly D, Boogie Down Productions, Ice T and NWA, this term refers to rap music with lyrics that deal with crime. The style became especially popular in the south of the U.S., with groups like the Geto Boys and later, in the 1990s, Three Six Mafia and Master P.
  • ragga rap/raggamuffin hip hop: pioneered by Boogie Down Productions, Asher D and Daddy Freddy and others.
  • in 1989, De La Soul's first tracks and their album Three Feet High and Rising came out. De La Soul and others, such as the Jungle Brothers, Kwam√©, A Tribe Called Quest, Masters of Ceremony began experimenting with different styles; they came to be seen as the next school or now school of rap; a term which is now of course only of historical interest.

The main differences between old school rap and new school rap may be characterised thus: old school rap didn't use any samples - the technique was only made widely available in the mid-1980s - and was based mainly on disco and funk hits, played by live bands, new school rap became to be characterised by an abundance of samples, especially from funk records, but also from many other genres. Kurtis Blow, (born Curtis Walker on August 9, 1959), is one of the most influential early rappers and hip hops first mainstream star. ...

Hip hop
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  Results from FactBites:
Encyclopedia: Hip hop (6074 words)
Hip hop is a cultural movement that began among urban African Americans and Latinos in New York City in the early 1970s, and has since spread around the world.
Hip hop fashion is, according to KRS One, one of the nine extended elements of hip-hop culture.
The movement that later became known as "hip hop" is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, while competing DJ Afrika Bambaataa is often credited with having invented the term "hip hop" to describe the culture.
  More results at FactBites »



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