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Encyclopedia > New Zealand Royal Honours System
Queen Elizabeth II wearing the sash and the star of the New Zealand Order of Merit, as well as the badges on her shoulder of the Order of New Zealand and the Queen's Service Order
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Queen Elizabeth II wearing the sash and the star of the New Zealand Order of Merit, as well as the badges on her shoulder of the Order of New Zealand and the Queen's Service Order

The New Zealand Honours System is the system of Royal honours (orders, decorations and medals) which are awarded by the Queen of New Zealand to recognise achievements of, or service by, New Zealanders or others in connection with New Zealand. The British honours system was used until 1975. Since then a number of uniquely New Zealand honours have been introduced, and now only the dynastic British honours are retained. Companions Badge of the New Zealand Order of Merit The New Zealand Order of Merit is an order of chivalry established on 30 May 1996 by Elizabeth II. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in order of seniority: Principal Companion (PCNZM) (formerly Knight or Dame... Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest locally awarded honour in the New Zealand Honours System. ... Male Companions Badge of the Queens Service Order for Community Service The Queens Service Order was established by Queen Elizabeth II on 13 March 1975. ... New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch, since February 6, 1952. ...

Contents

History

Royal honours were awarded in New Zealand from the very beginning of settlement in the mid 19th century. Governor George Grey received the first honour granted to a New Zealand resident, becoming a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, in 1848 [1]. The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement or service to the United Kingdom. ... Flag of the Governor-General of New Zealand. ... George Edward Grey Statue of Sir George Grey in Albert Park, Auckland For other men with a similar name, see George Grey or George Gray Sir George Edward Grey KCB (April 14, 1812–September 19, 1898) was a soldier, explorer, Governor of South Australia, twice Governor of New Zealand, Governor... Military Badge of the Order of the Bath The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ...


For more than a hundred years the British honours system was used for New Zealand. In 1975, after a review of the system, two uniquely New Zealand honours were integrated into it: the Queen's Service Order, and its affiliated Medal. In 1987, the Order of New Zealand was instituted as the supreme New Zealand honour. Finally, in 1995 – 1996, a further review of the system resulted in the termination of awards of almost all British honours and the creation of a new five-level New Zealand Order of Merit to replace them [2]. Male Companions Badge of the Queens Service Order for Community Service The Queens Service Order was established by Queen Elizabeth II on 13 March 1975. ... Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest locally awarded honour in the New Zealand Honours System. ... Companions Badge of the New Zealand Order of Merit The New Zealand Order of Merit is an order of chivalry established on 30 May 1996 by Elizabeth II. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in order of seniority: Principal Companion (PCNZM) (formerly Knight or Dame...


Knighthood or damehood was initially attached to the two highest levels of the New Zealand Order of Merit, but this was removed in 2000 when the statutes of the order were modified by the following government [2]. (All Knights and Dames created in this and other orders before 2000 may continue to use the titles "Sir" or "Dame" however.) Since the Order of New Zealand does not bestow knighthood, there is now no regular honour by which a New Zealand citizen can be made a knight or dame. However the 1996 overhaul of the honours system did not affect the dynastic honours, that is, the honours in the personal gift of the Queen, which are not awarded on ministerial advice [1] (such as the Order of the Garter, Order of Merit and the Royal Victorian Order). In principle New Zealanders can still attain knighthood by appointment to knightly grades of these orders.[3] Recently there have been calls by some politicians to bring back knighthoods [4]. This article is about the year 2000. ... The Garter is the most recognizable insignia of the Order of the Garter. ... For other Orders see Order of Merit (disambiguation). ... Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ...


Orders

The Order of New Zealand is the highest civilian honour awarded by the Queen on the advice of the Government; in heraldic terms, it is a first-level honour. Next ranking is the five-level New Zealand Order of Merit. The Queen's Service Order is a fourth-level honour, while the Queen's Service Medal is a sixth-level honour. Both of the latter are awarded either "for Community Service" or "for Public Service". Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest locally awarded honour in the New Zealand Honours System. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... Companions Badge of the New Zealand Order of Merit The New Zealand Order of Merit is an order of chivalry established on 30 May 1996 by Elizabeth II. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in order of seniority: Principal Companion (PCNZM) (formerly Knight or Dame... Male Companions Badge of the Queens Service Order for Community Service The Queens Service Order was established by Queen Elizabeth II on 13 March 1975. ...


In the reorganisation of the New Zealand honours system in 1996, the honours of the Order of the Bath, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the British Empire, Order of the Companions of Honour and Knight Bachelor were replaced as follows (references to knights include dames):[5] Military Badge of the Order of the Bath The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are... The Order of the Companions of Honour is a British and Commonwealth Order. ... The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ...

  • First Level Honours:
    • Present system:
      • Member of the Order of New Zealand (*)
      • Knight Grand Companion (before 2000) /Principal Companion (after 2000) of the New Zealand Order of Merit
    • Previous system:
      • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
      • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
      • Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
      • Companion of Honour
  • Second Level Honours:
    • Present system:
      • Knight Companion (before 2000) /Distinguished Companion (after 2000) of the New Zealand Order of Merit:
    • Previous system:
      • Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
      • Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
      • Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
      • Knight Bachelor
  • Third Level Honours:
    • Present system:
      • Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit:
    • Previous system:
      • Companion of the Order of the Bath
      • Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
      • Commander of the Order of the British Empire
  • Fourth Level Honours:
    • Present system:
      • Queen's Service Order (*)
      • Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit
    • Previous system:
      • Officer of the Order of the British Empire
  • Fifth Level Honours:
    • Present system:
      • Member of the Order of New Zealand:
    • Previous system:
      • Member of the Order of the British Empire

(*) denotes honours which were also awarded under the previous system.


Other honours

  • Other orders, decorations and medals which do not carry titles, but entitle the holder to place post nominals after his or her name.
  • The Most Venerable Order of St John of Jerusalem (founded 1888). Although it is an independent order of chivalry, though it is officially sanctioned by virtue of the fact that the Queen is the Sovereign of the Order. The Governor-General of New Zealand is the Prior in New Zealand. The members of this semi-official order can wear the Order's insignia, but do not receive any titles of Knighthood or use any post-nominal letters.

See: British honours system: Other honours and appointments This article concerns British and Commonwealth of Nations orders and decorations awarded by the British Sovereign. ... Post-nominal letters are letters placed after the name of an individual to indicate that that individual holds a position, office, or honour. ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... Flag of the Governor-General of New Zealand. ... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement or service to the United Kingdom. ...


References

  1. ^ a b History of the New Zealand Honours System, accessed 22 July 2006
  2. ^ a b New Zealand Order of Merit, accessed 22 July 2006
  3. ^ Dynastic Honours at NZDF Medals, accessed 8 October 2006
  4. ^ Brash plans to bring back knighthoods, New Zealand Herald, retrieved 5 September 2005
    Brash call for knighthoods 'living in past', Dominion Post, retrieved 5 September 2005
  5. ^ Press release of 2 May 1996 at the New Zealand Executive Government News Release Archive (govt.nz). Accessed 28 February 2006

See also

The Right Honourable (abbreviated The Rt. ... The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable ( or formerly The Honble) is a title of quality attached to the names of certain classes of persons. ... This article concerns British and Commonwealth of Nations orders and decorations awarded by the British Sovereign. ... State decorations are orders, medals and other decorations granted by a state. ...

External links

  • The Honours Secretariat of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet.
  • State decorations: gallantry and bravery awards; military campaign and commemorative medals.
  • MSM Awards - NZ Awards

 
 

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