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Encyclopedia > New York City Subway
New York City Subway
Locale New York City
Transit type(s) Rapid transit
Began operation first section of subway: October 27, 1904

first elevated operation: July 3, 1868
Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 133 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 212 pixel, file size: 10 KB, MIME type: image/png) Logo of the New York City Subway. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Bangkok Skytrain. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

first railroad operation: October 9, 1863[1]
System length 656 mi (1056 km) (revenue)
842 mi (1355 km) (total)
No. of lines 26
No. of stations 468
Daily ridership 5,076,000 (avg. weekday, 2006, including Staten Island Railway)[2]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) (standard gauge)
Operator New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA)
Times Square–42nd Street station entrance
Times Square–42nd Street station entrance

The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority [citation needed], an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and also known as MTA New York City Transit. It is the most extensive public transportation system in the world, with 468 reported passenger stations,[2] (or 422 if stations connected by transfers are counted as one),[3][4] 656 miles (1056 km) of revenue track, and a total of 842 miles (1355 km) including non-revenue trackage.[5] The subway is also notable for being among the few rapid transit systems in the world to run 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.[6] Among the ten busiest systems in the world in terms of annual passenger traffic, it is the only one to hold such a distinction, setting it apart from cities such as London, Paris, Tokyo, and Moscow.[7] is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... “Miles” redirects here. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... “Miles” redirects here. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... The Staten Island Railway (aka SIR, and formerly known as SIRT) is a rapid transit line operating in the Borough of Staten Island, New York City, USA. It is considered a standard railroad line, but is currently disconnected from the national railway system and operates with modified R44 New York... The dominant rail gauge in each country shown Rail gauge is the distance between the inner sides of the two parallel rails that make up a railway track. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... The New York City Transit Authority (also known as NYCTA, Transit, NYCT for New York City Transit or simply the TA for Transit Authority) is a New York State authority that operates buses and subway trains in New York City. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1290x966, 313 KB) This was uploaded to en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1290x966, 313 KB) This was uploaded to en. ... Times Square–42nd Street is the busiest station complex of the New York City Subway, joining four lines, with a free transfer via a passageway to a fifth (42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal on the IND Eighth Avenue Line (A C E)). It lies under Times Square, at the... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... -1... The New York City Transit Authority (also known as NYCTA, Transit, NYCT for New York City Transit or simply the TA for Transit Authority) is a New York State authority that operates buses and subway trains in New York City. ... The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is a public benefit corporation responsible for public transportation in the State of New York. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


Though it is known as "the subway", implying underground operations, about 40% of the system runs on above-ground right-of-way (the system is almost entirely underground in Manhattan, as well as portions in the other boroughs), including steel or cast iron elevated structures, concrete viaducts, embankments, open cuts and surface routes. All of these construction methods are completely grade-separated from road and pedestrian crossings, and most crossings of two subway tracks are grade-separated with flying junctions. For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... Cast iron usually refers to grey cast iron, but can mean any of a group of iron-based alloys containing more than 2% carbon (alloys with less carbon are carbon steel by definition). ... Subway redirects here; for the restaurant named Subway, see Subway (restaurant). ... Torontos Bloor Street Viaduct bridges the Don valley; road traffic uses the upper deck, rail traffic uses the lower deck. ... An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ... A flying junction is a railway junction at which one or more diverging or converging tracks in a multiple-track route cross other tracks on the route by bridge to avoid conflict with other train movements. ...


Currently, the first phase of the Second Avenue Subway in the Upper East Side of Manhattan is being built to provide relief to the overcrowded IRT Lexington Avenue Line. The Second Avenue Subway (SAS), refers to a series of public works projects and engineering studies undertaken to construct a subway line underneath Second Avenue in the borough of Manhattan as part of the New York City Subway system. ... The Upper East Side at Sunset The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, between Central Park and the East River. ... The Lexington Avenue Line (sometimes called the Lex or the IRT East Side Line) is one of the major IRT lines in the New York City Subway. ...

Contents

Overview

South Ferry station and a 9 train. (Route number later discontinued in May 2005.)
South Ferry station and a 9 train. (Route number later discontinued in May 2005.)
125th Street station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
125th Street station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line

Subway stations are located throughout Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx. All services pass through Manhattan, except for the Brooklyn–Queens Crosstown Local (G), which connects Brooklyn and Queens directly without entering Manhattan; the Franklin Avenue Shuttle; and the Rockaway Park Shuttle. Although four of the subway system's stations close late at night and/or on weekends, the New York City subway is among the few rapid transit systems in the world that operate 24 hours a day, along with PATH (connecting New Jersey with Manhattan) and PATCO (linking Philadelphia with southern New Jersey). (Two individual lines of the Chicago 'L' also run at all times.)[8] Download high resolution version (1136x852, 168 KB)South Ferry Station in Lower Manhattan is the end point of the New York Subway 1 and 9 line. ... Download high resolution version (1136x852, 168 KB)South Ferry Station in Lower Manhattan is the end point of the New York Subway 1 and 9 line. ... South Ferry is the southern terminal of the IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line, carrying 1 service, which was supplemented by 9 service during rush hours until May 2005. ... 1989-2005 bullet 9 was a designation given to several IRT services of the New York City Subway. ... Download high resolution version (1590x1193, 578 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1590x1193, 578 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 125th Street is a station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. ... Services that use the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line through midtown and downtown have been colored red since 1979. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ... For other uses, see The Bronx (disambiguation). ... The G Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The S-Franklin Avenue Shuttle is a shuttle train service of the New York City Subway operating in Brooklyn, New York. ... The S – Rockaway Park Shuttle is a shuttle train service in Queens on the New York City Subway. ... Hoboken- and Newark-bound platform at Exchange Place station in Jersey City. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... A Philadelphia-bound PATCO train arrives at Woodcrest Station. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... The L[1], variously, if perhaps incorrectly, styled L, El, EL, or L, is the rapid transit system that serves Chicago, Illinois in the United States. ...


In 2005, the New York City Subway hit a 50-year record in usage, with ridership of 1.45 billion.[9] In September 2006, average weekday ridership was 5,076,000, the highest figure since such numbers were first recorded in 1970. [10] According to the United States Department of Energy, energy expenditure on the New York City Subway rail service was 3492 BTU/passenger mile (3684 kJ/passenger km) in 1995. This compares to 3702 BTU/passenger mile for automobile travel. This is , however, a national average, and city driving is very inefficient compared to highway. [11] The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. ... The British thermal unit (BTU or Btu) is a unit of energy used in the Power, Steam Generation and Heating and Air Conditioning industry globally. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The British thermal unit (BTU or Btu) is a unit of energy used in the Power, Steam Generation and Heating and Air Conditioning industry globally. ...


Many lines and stations have both express and local service. These lines have three or four tracks: normally, the outer two are used for local trains, and the inner one or two are used for express trains. Stations served by express trains are typically major transfer points or destinations. The BMT Jamaica Line uses skip-stop service on portions, in which two services operate over the line during rush hours, and minor stations are only served by one of the two. The IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line used skip-stop until May 27, 2005. The Jamaica Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT Division of the New York Subway. ... Skip-stop is a public transit service pattern. ... Services that use the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line through midtown and downtown have been colored red since 1979. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

Map of the 1906 IRT system.

An underground transit system in New York City was first built by Alfred Ely Beach in 1869. His Beach Pneumatic Transit only extended 312 feet (95 meters) under Broadway and exhibited his idea for a subway. The tunnel was never extended, and was demolished when the BMT Broadway Line was built in the 1910s. The New York City Subway has had a long history, beginning as many disjointed systems and eventually merging under City control. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 436 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1086 × 1492 pixel, file size: 301 KB, MIME type: image/gif) 1906 IRT map, from [1]. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 436 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1086 × 1492 pixel, file size: 301 KB, MIME type: image/gif) 1906 IRT map, from [1]. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... Alfred Ely Beach (September 1, 1826 – January 1, 1896) was an inventor, publisher and patent lawyer. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Sketch of the train car and tunnel. ... A view of Broadway in 1909 Broadway, as the name implies, is a wide avenue in New York City. ... The Broadway Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT division of the New York City Subway system. ...


The first underground line of the subway opened on October 27, 1904, almost 35 years after the opening of the first elevated line in New York City, which became the IRT Ninth Avenue Line. The oldest structure still in use today opened in 1885 as part of the Lexington Avenue Line, and is now part of the BMT Jamaica Line in Brooklyn. The oldest right-of-way, that of the BMT West End Line, was in use in 1863 as a steam railroad called the Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Rail Road. The Staten Island Railway, which opened in 1860, currently utilizes R44 subway cars, but it has no links to the rest of the system and is not usually considered part of the subway proper. is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Subway redirects here; for the restaurant named Subway, see Subway (restaurant). ... The IRT Ninth Avenue Line, often called the Ninth Avenue Elevated, was the first elevated railway in New York City, first opened in 1868 as the West Side and Yonkers Patent Railway, a cable-hauled line. ... The Lexington Avenue Elevated (also called the Lexington Avenue Line) was the first standard elevated railway in Brooklyn, New York, operated in its later days by the BRT, the BMT and then the City of New York. ... The Jamaica Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT Division of the New York Subway. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... Route designation on BMT Triplex equipment The West End Line, now a subway line in Brooklyn, New York City, is a branch line from the Broadway (Manhattan)-Fourth Avenue (Brooklyn) subway, serving the communities of Borough Park, New Utrecht, Bensonhurst, Bath Beach and Coney Island. ... Route designation on BMT Triplex equipment The West End Line, now a subway line in Brooklyn, New York City, is a branch line from the Broadway (Manhattan)-Fourth Avenue (Brooklyn) subway, serving the communities of Borough Park, New Utrecht, Bensonhurst, Bath Beach and Coney Island. ... The Staten Island Railway (aka SIR, and formerly known as SIRT) is a rapid transit line operating in the Borough of Staten Island, New York City, USA. It is considered a standard railroad line, but is currently disconnected from the national railway system and operates with modified R44 New York... The R44 is a model of passenger train car which operates on the New York City Subway and the Staten Island Railway. ...


By the time the first subway closed, the lines had been consolidated into two privately owned systems, Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT, later Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation, BMT) and Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT). The city was closely involved: all lines built for the IRT and most other lines built or improved for the BRT after 1913 were built by the city and leased to the companies. The first line of the city-owned and operated Independent Subway System (IND) opened in 1932; this system was intended to compete with the private systems and allow some of the elevated railways to be torn down. In 1940, the two private systems were bought by the city; some elevated lines closed immediately, and others closed soon after. Integration was slow, but several connections were built between the IND and BMT, and they now operate as one division called the B Division. Since the IRT tunnel segments and stations are too narrow to accommodate B Division cars, as well as curves too sharp for B Division cars, the IRT remains its own division, A Division. C Division consists of non-revenue maintenance cars, built to IRT specs in order to provide maintenance to all of the subway system.[citation needed] Use of the term The concept of property or ownership has no single or universally accepted definition. ... The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT) was a transportation holding company formed in 1896 to acquire and consolidate transit facilities in Kings County, now Brooklyn, New York. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... The sections of the IND and the date each was opened. ... Subway redirects here; for the restaurant named Subway, see Subway (restaurant). ... The sections of the IND and the date each was opened. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... The B Division is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by letters (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, L, M, N, Q, R, V, W, and Z) and the Franklin Avenue Shuttle and Rockaway Park Shuttle. ... The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... The A Division, also known as the IRT Division,[1] is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7) and the 42nd Street Shuttle. ... The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ...


The New York City Transit Authority was created in 1953 to take over subway, bus, and streetcar operations from the city, and was placed under control of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority in 1968. The New York City Transit Authority (also known as NYCTA, Transit, NYCT for New York City Transit or simply the TA for Transit Authority) is a New York State authority that operates buses and subway trains in New York City. ... The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is a public benefit corporation responsible for public transportation in the State of New York. ...


In 1934, the BRT, IRT, and IND transit workers unionized into Local 100 of the Transport Workers Union. Since then, there have been three union strikes. In 1966, transit workers went on strike for 12 days, and again in 1980 for 11 days. On December 20, 2005, transit workers again went on strike over disputes with MTA regarding salary, pensions, retirement age, and health insurance costs. That strike lasted just under three days. The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT) was a transportation holding company formed in 1896 to acquire and consolidate transit facilities in Kings County, now Brooklyn, New York. ... The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... The sections of the IND and the date each was opened. ... The 1966 New York City transit strike was an illegal strike in New York City called by the Transport Workers Union (TWU) and Amalgamated Transit Union (ATU) after the expiration of their contract with the New York City Transit Authority (TA). ... The 1980 New York City transit strike in New York City (often referred to as the Subway strike) was the first work stoppage at the New York City Transit Authority (a subsidiary of the New York MTA) since 1966. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A closed entrance to 45th Street station on the R Line in Sunset Park, Brooklyn. ...

Construction methods

A unique feature of the New York City Subway is the variety of methods used in constructing subway tunnels. When the IRT subway debuted in 1904, typical tunnel construction was the cut-and cover method. The street was torn up to dig out the tunnel below, then the street was rebuilt above. This method worked well for soft dirt and gravel near the street surface. However, thicker sections made of bedrock required tunnel boring machines. A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ...


Lines and routes

Many rapid transit systems run relatively static routings, so that a train "line" is more or less synonymous with a train "route". In New York, routings change often as new connections are opened or service patterns change. The "line" describes the physical railroad line or series of lines that a train "route" uses on its way from one terminal to another. Entrance to the IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Wall Street, leading to the southbound (Downtown & Brooklyn) platform Nomenclature used on the New York City Subway system has been defined by New York Citys Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) to precisely identify each part of the system, both internally and publicly. ... // IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line (Manhattan-Bronx) Brooklyn Branch (Brooklyn) 42nd Street Shuttle (Manhattan) Dyre Avenue Line (Bronx) Eastern Parkway Line (Brooklyn) Flushing Line (Manhattan-Queens) Jerome Avenue Line (Bronx) Lenox Avenue Line (Manhattan) Lexington Avenue Line (Manhattan) Nostrand Avenue Line (Brooklyn) Pelham Line (Bronx) White Plains Road Line (Bronx...

Rollsign and destination on the side of an R32 F train.
Rollsign and destination on the side of an R32 F train.
A digital sign on the side of a R142 4 train.
A digital sign on the side of a R142 4 train.

"Routes" (also called "services") are distinguished by a letter or a number. "Lines" have names. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 323 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 323 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A rollsign on the MBTA Red Line in Boston. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The F Sixth Avenue Local and V Sixth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 241 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The destination sign for a 4 train to Woodlawn, leaving 125th Street-Lexington Avenue. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 241 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The destination sign for a 4 train to Woodlawn, leaving 125th Street-Lexington Avenue. ... A train of R142s on the 4 line is seen in the Bronx. ... The 4 Lexington Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ...


There are 26 train services in the subway system, including three short shuttles. Each route has a color, representing the Manhattan trunk line of the particular service; a different color is assigned to the Crosstown Line (G) route, since it does not operate in Manhattan, and shuttles are all colored dark gray. Each service is also named after its Manhattan (or crosstown) trunk line, and is labeled as local or express. The Crosstown Line is a rapid transit line of the IND division of the New York City Subway. ... The G Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ...


Though all but a few subway stations are served on a 24-hour basis, some of the designated routes do not run during the late night hours or use a different routing during those hours. In addition to these regularly scheduled changes, because there is no nightly shutdown for maintenance, tracks and stations must be maintained while the system is operating. In order to accommodate such work, services are sometimes re-routed during the overnight hours or on weekends.


The current color system depicted on official subway maps was proposed by R. Raleigh D'Adamo, a lawyer who entered a contest sponsored by the Transit Authority in 1964. D'Adamo proposed replacing a map that used only three colors (representing the three operating entities of the subway network) with a map that used a different color for each line. D'Adamo's contest entry shared first place with two others and led the Transit Authority to adopt a multi-colored scheme. (D'Adamo subsequently earned a master's degree in transportation planning and engineering from Polytechnic University and worked for transit authorities, including a stint at the MTA, and was responsible for organizing and building what today is the Westchester County Bee-Line bus system.)[12] However, the lines are not referred to by color (e.g., Blue line or Green line), although the colors are often assigned through their groups (A, C, and E are blue whereas the 4, 5, and 6 are green). Livingston Street building (circa 1930) Polytechnic University (Poly), located in the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City, is the United States second oldest private technology university, having been founded in 1854. ... 207th Street to Lefferts Boulevard, Far Rockaway, or Rockaway Park note: dashed line shows rush hour only service The A Eighth Avenue Express is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway. ... The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The E Eighth Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The 4 Lexington Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The 5 Lexington Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The 6 Lexington Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ...


A Division (IRT) consists of: The A Division, also known as the IRT Division,[1] is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7) and the 42nd Street Shuttle. ... The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ...

Route Line
NYC Subway 1 service Broadway-Seventh Avenue Local
NYC Subway 2 service Broadway-Seventh Avenue Express
NYC Subway 3 service Broadway-Seventh Avenue Express
NYC Subway 4 service Lexington Avenue Express
NYC Subway 5 service Lexington Avenue Express
NYC Subway 6 service NYC Subway 6d service Lexington Avenue Local/Express
NYC Subway 7 service NYC Subway 7d service Flushing Local/Express
NYC Subway S service 42nd Street Shuttle

B Division (BMT/IND) consists of: Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-1. ... The 1 Broadway–Seventh Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-2. ... The 2 Seventh Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-3. ... The 3 Seventh Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-4. ... The 4 Lexington Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-5. ... The 5 Lexington Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-6. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-6d. ... The 6 Lexington Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-7. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-7d. ... Main Street to Times Square An R36 7 local northbound at 33rd Street–Rawson Street. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg‎ Bullet for New York City Subway shuttle service. ... The S 42nd Street Shuttle is a service on the New York City Subway. ... The B Division is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by letters (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, L, M, N, Q, R, V, W, and Z) and the Franklin Avenue Shuttle and Rockaway Park Shuttle. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... The sections of the IND and the date each was opened. ...

Route Line
NYC Subway A service Eighth Avenue Express
NYC Subway B service Sixth Avenue Express
NYC Subway C service Eighth Avenue Local
NYC Subway D service Sixth Avenue Express
NYC Subway E service Eighth Avenue Local
NYC Subway F service Sixth Avenue Local
NYC Subway G service Crosstown Local
NYC Subway J service Nassau Street Express
NYC Subway L service Canarsie Local
NYC Subway M service Nassau Street Local
NYC Subway N service Broadway Express
NYC Subway Q service Broadway Express
NYC Subway R service Broadway Local
NYC Subway S service Franklin Avenue Shuttle
NYC Subway S service Rockaway Park Shuttle
NYC Subway V service Sixth Avenue Local
NYC Subway W service Broadway Local
NYC Subway Z service Nassau Street Express

Projected B Division service: Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg Bullet for New York City Subway A service. ... 207th Street to Lefferts Boulevard, Far Rockaway, or Rockaway Park note: dashed line shows rush hour only service The A Eighth Avenue Express is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-B.svg Bullet for New York City Subway B service. ... The B Sixth Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg Bullet for New York City Subway C service. ... The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-D.svg Bullet for New York City Subway D service. ... The D Sixth Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg Bullet for New York City Subway E service. ... The E Eighth Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg Bullet for New York City Subway F service. ... The F Sixth Avenue Local and V Sixth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-G.svg Bullet for New York City Subway G service. ... The G Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-J.svg Bullet for New York City Subway J service. ... Jamaica Center to Chambers Street or Broad Street The J Nassau Street Express and Z Nassau Street Express (earlier Jamaica Express) are two rapid transit services of the B Division of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Eighth Avenue to Rockaway Parkway The L 14th Street–Canarsie Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway, running local along the full length of the BMT Canarsie Line at all times. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg‎ Bullet for New York City Subway M service. ... The M Nassau Street Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-N.svg Bullet for New York City Subway N service. ... The N Broadway Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-Q.svg Bullet for New York City Subway Q service. ... The Q Broadway Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg Bullet for New York City Subway R service. ... Current and former R services The R Broadway Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg‎ Bullet for New York City Subway shuttle service. ... The S-Franklin Avenue Shuttle is a shuttle train service of the New York City Subway operating in Brooklyn, New York. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg‎ Bullet for New York City Subway shuttle service. ... The S – Rockaway Park Shuttle is a shuttle train service in Queens on the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-V.svg Bullet for New York City Subway V service. ... The F Sixth Avenue Local and V Sixth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-W.svg Bullet for New York City Subway W service. ... The W Broadway Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-Z.svg Bullet for New York City Subway Z service. ... Jamaica Center to Chambers Street or Broad Street The J Nassau Street Express and Z Nassau Street Express (earlier Jamaica Express) are two rapid transit services of the B Division of the New York City Subway. ...

Route Line
NYC Subway T service Second Avenue Subway (in design as of 2007; will not be used until the line opens south of 72nd Street)

C Division consists of non-revenue operations, including track maintenance and yard operations.[citation needed] Image File history File links NYCS-bull-trans-T.svg‎ Bullet for New York City Subway T service. ... The Second Avenue Subway (SAS), refers to a series of public works projects and engineering studies undertaken to construct a subway line underneath Second Avenue in the borough of Manhattan as part of the New York City Subway system. ...


Car types and details

The NYC subway uses two sizes of cars - the A division, listed above, uses narrower cars that have three sets of doors on each side, used in chains of up to 11; the B division, listed above, uses wider cars that have four sets of doors on each side, in chains of up to 10.


Trains are marked by the service label in either black or white (for appropriate contrast) on a field in the color of its mainline. The field is enclosed in a circle for most services, or a diamond for special services, such as rush-hour only expresses on a route that ordinarily runs local. Rollsigns also typically include the service names and terminals. When the R44 and R46 cars were rebuilt the rollsigns on the side of the cars were replaced with electronic LCD signs while the front service sign remained as a rollsign, while the rebuilt R32 cars had rollsigns on the sides, but a digital light display in the front. All cars built since 1992, including the R110A, R110B, R142, R142A, R143, R160A, and R160B are equipped with digital signs on the front, sides, and interior (except for the R110B, which has rollsigns on the front). A rollsign on the MBTA Red Line in Boston. ... The R44 is a model of passenger train car which operates on the New York City Subway and the Staten Island Railway. ... The R46 subway car was built by Pullman Standard in Chicago, Illinois in 1975-1978 for the IND and BMT routes of the New York Subway. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A train of R142s on the 4 line is seen in the Bronx. ... A R142A trainset on the 6 line approaches Parkchester station in the Bronx. ... R143 running on the BMT Canarsie Line L Service R-143 is the designation given to the next generation of IND/BMT division cars, contract awarded to Kawasaki Rail Car of Yonkers, NY. These cars are very similar to the Kawasaki R142A in terms of interior appointments, door motors, strip... The R160A is a class of New York City Subway cars being built by Alstom Transportation, comprising 400 cars of the total 660 car R160 primary contract. ... The R160B is a class of New York City Subway cars. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


These newer cars also feature recorded announcements for door closings, stations, and other general messages in lieu of conductor announcements, although live conductor announcements can still be made. The recordings began in the late 1990s and featured Bloomberg Radio on-air speakers, who volunteered at the request of their employer and future city mayor Michael Bloomberg. Voices include Jessica Gottesman (now at 1010 WINS radio), Charlie Pellett, and Catherine Cowdery. With regards to why certain messages are voiced by males and others by females, MTA spokesperson Gene Sansone said in 2006 that, "Most of the orders are given by a male voice, while informational messages come from females. Even though this happened by accident, it is a lucky thing because a lot of psychologists agree that people are more receptive to orders from men and information from women".[13] WBBR is a radio station, broadcasting at 1130 AM in New York City. ... Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, philanthropist, and the founder of Bloomberg L.P., currently serving as the Mayor of New York City. ... WINS (1010 kHz. ...


Stations facilities and amenities

Entrance to Broad Street station
Entrance to Broad Street station
Typical Subway Entrance signage (14th Street-Union Square Station)
Typical Subway Entrance signage (14th Street-Union Square Station)
An entrance to the elevated IRT Flushing Line in Jackson Heights, Queens.
An entrance to the elevated IRT Flushing Line in Jackson Heights, Queens.
Commuters can change between subway and Metro-North service at Grand Central Terminal.
Commuters can change between subway and Metro-North service at Grand Central Terminal.

Download high resolution version (852x1136, 177 KB)Broad Street Station entrance opposite of the New York Stock Exchange at the corner of Wall Street. ... Download high resolution version (852x1136, 177 KB)Broad Street Station entrance opposite of the New York Stock Exchange at the corner of Wall Street. ... Broad Street is a 2-track station with side platforms. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... 14th Street–Union Square is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, the BMT Broadway Line, and the BMT Canarsie Line. ... Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 839 KB)A station for the elevated No. ... Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 839 KB)A station for the elevated No. ... Services that use the IRT Flushing Line through midtown have been colored purple since 1979. ... Jackson Heights is a neighborhood in northern Queens, New York. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2700x1814, 1030 KB) Summary A 4 segment panorama of the Grand Central Station Main Concourse in New York City. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2700x1814, 1030 KB) Summary A 4 segment panorama of the Grand Central Station Main Concourse in New York City. ... Metro-North (officially MTA Metro-North Railroad) is a suburban commuter railroad running service from New York City to the northern suburbs in New York State and Connecticut. ... The main concourse Grand Central Terminal (GCT, often unofficially called Grand Central Station) is a terminal rail station at 15 Vanderbilt Avenue (42nd Street and Park Avenue) in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. ...

General

Station and concourse
A typical subway station has waiting platforms ranging from 500 to 600 feet (153 to 183 m) long to accommodate large numbers of people. Passengers enter a subway station through stairs towards station booths and vending machines to buy their fare, which is currently stored in a MetroCard. After swiping the card at a turnstile, customers continue to the platforms. Some subway lines in the outer boroughs and northern Manhattan have elevated tracks with stations to which passengers climb up via stairs, escalator, or elevator. Main article: Transportation in New York City Metrocard Gold 1997-Present, accepted as fare payment on all MTA and Bee-Line subways and buses, on AirTRAIN JFK, and PATH Trains. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... Escalators at Canary Wharf, London. ... For other uses, see Elevator (disambiguation). ...


Platforms
Due to the large number of transit lines, one platform or set of platforms often serves more than one line, unlike other metro systems (except for the London Underground). A passenger needs to look at the signs hung at the platform entrance steps and over each track to see which trains stop there and when, and at the arriving train to see which train it is. There are a number of platform configurations possible. On a 2-track line, a station may have one center platform used for trains in both directions, or 2 side platforms, one for a train each direction. For a 3-track or 4-track line, local stops will have side platforms and the middle one or two tracks will not stop at the station. For most 3- or 4-track express stops, there will be two island platforms, one for the local and express in one direction, and another for the local and express in the other direction. In a 3-track configuration, the center track can be used toward the center of the city in the morning and away from the center in the evening, though not every 3-track line has that express service.


In a few cases, a 4-track station has an island platform for the center express tracks and two side platforms for the outside local tracks. This occurs only at three station near major railway stations where the next station along the line is also an express station with the more common platform configuration. The purpose of splitting the platforms is to prevent through riders from adding to the station's crowding by transferring from local to express or from express to local. This occurs at Atlantic Avenue on the 2/3/4/5 Lines with adjacent express station Nevins Street, and 34th St.-Penn Station on both the 1/2/3 Lines and A/C/E Lines, with adjacent express stations at 42nd Street. This does not occur at Grand Central on the 4/5/6 Lines, which has no adjacent express station. Almost everywhere expresses run, they run on the inner one (of 3) or two (of 4) tracks, and locals run on the outer two tracks. There is one notable 6-track station, DeKalb Avenue, in which northbound locals and some expresses stop at one island platform serving two tracks (with locals on the inside track), southbound locals and some expresses stop at another island platform serving two tracks (also with locals on the inside track), and some expresses pass through on two central tracks with no platform. Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, the BMT Brighton Line and the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. ... The Eastern Parkway Line, sometimes called the New Lots Line, is a line of the New York Subway in Brooklyn. ... Nevins Street is an express station on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line of the New York City Subway. ... 34th Street–Penn Station is a station on the IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. ... 34th Street–Penn Station is a station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of 34th Street and Eighth Avenue in Manhattan, and adjacent to Pennsylvania Station. ... Grand Central–42nd Street is a major rapid transit station complex in the New York City Subway, and was the second busiest station in 1994. ... The Lexington Avenue Line (sometimes called the Lex or the IRT East Side Line) is one of the major IRT lines in the New York City Subway. ... DeKalb Avenue is a station shared by the BMT Fourth Avenue Line and the BMT Brighton Line of the New York City Subway. ...


Artwork

Many stations are decorated with intricate ceramic tile work, some of it dating back to 1904 when the subway first opened for business. The subway tile artwork tradition continues today. The Arts for Transit program oversees art in the subway system. Permanent installations, such as sculpture, mosaics, and murals; photographs displayed in lightboxes, and musicians performing in stations encourage people to use mass transit. In addition, commissioned posters are displayed in stations and "art cards", some displaying poetry, are in many of the trains themselves in unused advertisement fixture slots. Some of the art is by internationally-known artists such as David Hockney.[3] Many New York City subway stations are decorated with colorful ceramic plaques and tile mosaics. ... “Sculptor” redirects here. ... Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ... Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Poster from the Spanish Revolution A poster is any large piece of printed paper designed to be attached to a wall or vertical surface. ... “Advert” redirects here. ... We Two Boys Together Clinging, 1961. ...


Accessibility

Most stations are not handicapped accessible. The exceptions are newly constructed or extensively renovated stations called "key stations", as required by the ADA. See New York City Subway accessibility for more details. The disability rights movement aims to improve the quality of life of people with disabilities. ... The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is the short title of United States Public Law 101-336, signed into law on July 26, 1990 by George H. W. Bush. ... Very few stations on the New York City Subway are handicapped accessible; most that are lie on recently constructed lines or are terminal stations. ...


Restrooms

Restrooms are rare in the subway system. Any establishments built in the past have since been closed to the public and have been converted to storage spaces or for employee use only. However, there are a few major stations that have operating restrooms, including on the concourse of the A, C, and E lines of Times Square, Chambers St., Jamaica-179 St., Roosevelt Avenue, and Lexington Avenue-59th St. and Atlantic Ave. stations.[14] Times Square–42nd Street is the busiest station complex of the New York City Subway, joining four lines, with a free transfer via a passageway to a fifth (42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal on the IND Eighth Avenue Line (A C E)). It lies under Times Square, at the... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Jamaica–179th Street is a station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway. ... Roosevelt Avenue–74th Street is a New York City Subway station complex served by the IRT Flushing Line and the IND Queens Boulevard Line. ... Lexington Avenue–59th Street is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the IRT Lexington Avenue Line and the BMT Broadway Line. ...


Retail

Occasionally on some platforms are found newspaper stands, selling all manner of items including newspapers and food. The MTA has also been installing retail spaces within paid areas in selected stations, including Times Square and at 42nd St.-Bryant Park, on the concourse of the B, D, F, and V lines. A newsagent (British English), newsagency (Australian English) or newsstand (American English), is often a small business that sells newspapers, magazines, stationery, snacks and often items of local interest such as postcards and clothing emblazoned with sports team mascots. ... 42nd Street–Bryant Park (formerly 42nd Street–Avenue of the Americas) is a rapid transit station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway at Bryant Park in Manhattan, New York City, United States. ...


Connections

Connections are available at designated stations to Amtrak, Long Island Rail Road, Metro-North Railroad, New Jersey Transit and PATH. Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... LIRR redirects here. ... The Metro-North Commuter Railroad Company, or MTA Metro-North Railroad, or, more commonly, Metro-North, is a suburban commuter rail service that is run and managed by an authority of New York State, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, or, more simply, the MTA. Metro-North runs service between New York... The New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the state of New Jersey, and Orange and Rockland counties in New York. ... Hoboken- and Newark-bound platform at Exchange Place station in Jersey City. ...


Rolling stock

The interior of an F train during morning rush hour.
A R44 trainset on the IND Rockaway Line.
A R44 trainset on the IND Rockaway Line.
A R142A series car on the 4 service.
A R142A series car on the 4 service.

The New York City subway has the world's largest fleet of subway cars. Over 6,400 cars (as of 2002) are on the NYCT roster. A typical New York City Subway train consists of 8 to 11 cars, although shuttles can have as few as two, and the train can range from 150 to 600 feet (46 to 183 m) long. As a general rule, trains on the A Division lines inherited from the IRT (designated with numbers, plus the 42nd Street Shuttle) are shorter and narrower than the trains that operate on the B Division lines inherited from BMT/IND (designated with letters). The A Division and B Division trains operate only in their own division; operating in the other division is not allowed. This is mainly because the IRT sections have narrower tunnel segments, tighter curves, and tighter platform clearances than the BMT/IND sections. A Division trains would have an unacceptably large gap between the platform and train if they were allowed in the B Division, while B Division trains would not fit in the A Division tunnels and stations. The safety train stop mechanism between divisions is also incompatible, it being located on opposite sides of the track and train in each division. Service and maintenance trains, however, are comprised of A Division cars and do not carry passengers, and these can operate on either division. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (804x536, 124 KB) Summary F Train, Manhattan-bound, 9:25am. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (804x536, 124 KB) Summary F Train, Manhattan-bound, 9:25am. ... The F Sixth Avenue Local and V Sixth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... The R44 is a model of passenger train car which operates on the New York City Subway and the Staten Island Railway. ... The IND Rockaway Line is a rapid transit line of the IND Division of the New York City Subway. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A R142A trainset on the 6 line approaches Parkchester station in the Bronx. ... The A Division, also known as the IRT Division,[1] is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7) and the 42nd Street Shuttle. ... The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... The B Division is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by letters (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, L, M, N, Q, R, V, W, and Z) and the Franklin Avenue Shuttle and Rockaway Park Shuttle. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... The sections of the IND and the date each was opened. ... The A Division, also known as the IRT Division,[1] is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7) and the 42nd Street Shuttle. ... The B Division is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by letters (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, L, M, N, Q, R, V, W, and Z) and the Franklin Avenue Shuttle and Rockaway Park Shuttle. ... The A Division, also known as the IRT Division,[1] is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7) and the 42nd Street Shuttle. ... The B Division is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by letters (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, L, M, N, Q, R, V, W, and Z) and the Franklin Avenue Shuttle and Rockaway Park Shuttle. ... The B Division is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by letters (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, L, M, N, Q, R, V, W, and Z) and the Franklin Avenue Shuttle and Rockaway Park Shuttle. ... The A Division, also known as the IRT Division,[1] is a division of the New York City Subway, consisting of the lines operated with services designated by numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7) and the 42nd Street Shuttle. ... Part of a railway signaling system, a train stop or trip stop (sometimes called a tripper) is a safety device that automatically stops a train if it attempts to pass a signal when the signal aspect and operating rules prohibit such movement, or if it attempts to pass at an...


The system maintains two separate fleets of cars, one for the IRT lines, another for the BMT/IND lines. All BMT/IND equipment is about 10 feet (~3.0 meters) wide and either 60 feet 6 inches (18.4 meters) or 75 feet (~22.8 meters) long whereas IRT equipment is approximately 8 feet 9 inches (~2.67 m) wide and 51 feet 4 inches (~15.5 m) long. The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... The sections of the IND and the date each was opened. ...


Cars purchased by the City of New York since the inception of the IND and for the other divisions beginning in 1948 are identified by the letter "R" followed by a number; e.g.: R32. This number is the contract number under which the cars were purchased. Cars with nearby contract numbers (e.g.: R1 through R9) may be virtually identical, simply being purchased under different contracts. Subway car models begin with the letter "R" and are followed by the last 2 or 3 digits of the contract number under which they were purchased. The "R" stands for Revenue service as originally used by the IND, however, it can also stand for Rolling Stock, or Rapid Transit, since the "R" is used on contracts for the purchase of anything that deals with subway and work cars (e.g. cars, wheels, other parts).-1... The sections of the IND and the date each was opened. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The R1 subway car was the first order of original passenger stock for the IND New York City Subway. ... The R9, a New York City Subway car was built in 1940 by two separate orders from different manufacturers. ...


When the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company entered into agreements to operate some of the new subway lines, they made the decision to design a new type of car, 10 feet wide and 67 feet long, the subject of several patents, whose larger profile was more similar to that of steam railroad coaches, permitting greater passenger capacity, more comfortable seating and other advantages. The BRT unveiled its design to the public in 1913 and received such wide acceptance that all future subway lines, whether built for the BRT, the IRT or eventually, the IND, were built to handle the wider cars. The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT) was a transportation holding company formed in 1896 to acquire and consolidate transit facilities in Kings County, now Brooklyn, New York. ... Steam railroad is a term used in the United States to distinguish conventional heavy railroads from street railways, interurban streetcar lines, and other light railways usually dedicated primarily to passenger transport. ... A passenger is a term broadly used to describe any person who travels in a vehicle, but bears little or no responsibility for the tasks required for that vehicle to arrive at its destination. ...


As a result, while most of the IRT lines could accommodate the larger BMT/IND equipment with modifications to the station platforms and trackside furniture, this is not deemed feasible, because the original, narrower, subway includes portions of both IRT Manhattan mainlines, as well as a critical part of the Brooklyn lines. This could be remedied, but at very great expense. On the other hand, it would be relatively easy to convert many of the Bronx lines for BMT/IND operation; some of the plans for the Second Avenue Subway have included a conversion of the IRT Pelham Line. For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... The Second Avenue Subway (SAS), refers to a series of public works projects and engineering studies undertaken to construct a subway line underneath Second Avenue in the borough of Manhattan as part of the New York City Subway system. ... Stations Third Avenue-138th Street Brook Avenue Cypress Avenue East 143rd Street-St. ...


The MTA has also been incorporating newer subway cars into its stock in the past decade. Since 1999, the R142, R142A, R142S, R143, have been added into service. The R160A and R160B cars have undergone testing since 2005 and have entered into normal operating service in limited numbers, in early 2007.[15][16] A train of R142s on the 4 line is seen in the Bronx. ... A R142A trainset on the 6 line approaches Parkchester station in the Bronx. ... R142S is a supplement to R142A built by Kawasaki in 2003-2004. ... R143 running on the BMT Canarsie Line L Service R-143 is the designation given to the next generation of IND/BMT division cars, contract awarded to Kawasaki Rail Car of Yonkers, NY. These cars are very similar to the Kawasaki R142A in terms of interior appointments, door motors, strip... The R160A is a class of New York City Subway cars being built by Alstom Transportation, comprising 400 cars of the total 660 car R160 primary contract. ... The R160B is a class of New York City Subway cars. ...

7 train arriving
Vernon Blvd. and Jackson Ave. station (43s)
   
Wikipedia:Media help

Image File history File links 7train_arriving. ... Image File history File links 7train_arriving. ... Image File history File links Magnify-videoclip. ... Image File history File links Pictogram_voting_question. ...

Fares

An NYCTA token from the mid-20th century
An NYCTA token from the mid-20th century

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Token and change

From the inauguration of IRT subway services in 1904[17] until the unified system of 1948 (including predecessor BMT and IND subway services), the fare for a ride on the subway of any length was 5 cents. On July 1, 1948, the fare was increased to 10 cents, and since then has steadily risen. When the New York City Transit Authority was created in July 1953, the fare was raised to 15 cents and a token issued. Until April 13, 2003, riders paid the fare with tokens purchased from a station attendant, which were changed periodically as prices changed. For the 75th anniversary of the subway in 1979 (also called the Diamond Jubilee), a special token with a small off-center diamond cutout and engraved images of a 1904 subway car and kiosk were issued. Many were purchased for keepsakes and were not used for rides. The last iteration of tokens featured a hole in the middle, and after they were phased out, many became featured in home made jewelry. The current New York City Transit Authority fare for local and limited stop buses and trains is nominally $2, increased from $1. ...


Of course, many sought to circumvent the tokens in order to ride for free. A popular scam was to jam the token slot in an entrance gate with paper. A rider would innocently drop a token in, be frustrated when it did not open the gate, and have to spend another token to enter at another gate. The token thief would then race out from hiding, and suck the token from the jammed slot with their mouth. This could be repeated many times so long as no police officers spotted the activity. Often token booth attendants would coat the token slots with soap to discourage "token suckers".[18] Police officers in South Australia A police officer (or policeman/policewoman) is a warranted worker of a police force. ...


There was some controversy in the early 1980s when enterprising transit riders discovered that tokens purchased for use in the Connecticut Turnpike toll booths were of the same size and weight as New York City subway tokens. Since they cost less than one third as much, they began showing up in subway collection boxes regularly.[19] Connecticut authorities initially agreed to change the size of their tokens[20], but later reneged, and the problem went unsolved until 1985 when Connecticut discontinued the tolls on its turnpike.[21] At that time, the MTA was paid 17.5 cents for each of more than two million tokens that had been collected during the three year "token war".[21] The Connecticut Turnpike, more currently known as the Governor John Davis Lodge Turnpike, is a freeway in Connecticut that runs from Byram to South Killingly. ...


MetroCard

In 1994, the subway system introduced a fare system called the MetroCard, which allows riders to use cards that store the value equal to the amount paid to a station booth clerk or to a vending machine. The MetroCard was enhanced in 1997 to allow passengers to make free transfers between subways and buses within two hours; several MetroCard-only transfers between subways were also added. The token was phased out in 2003. The same year, the MTA raised the basic fare to $2 amid protests from passenger and advocacy groups such as the Straphangers Campaign. In 2005, the MTA increased the prices of unlimited MetroCards, but left the base fare at $2.00. Main article: Transportation in New York City Metrocard Gold 1997-Present, accepted as fare payment on all MTA and Bee-Line subways and buses, on AirTRAIN JFK, and PATH Trains. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Main article: Transportation in New York City Metrocard Gold 1997-Present, accepted as fare payment on all MTA and Bee-Line subways and buses, on AirTRAIN JFK, and PATH Trains. ... Main article: Transportation in New York City Metrocard Gold 1997-Present, accepted as fare payment on all MTA and Bee-Line subways and buses, on AirTRAIN JFK, and PATH Trains. ... The Straphangers Campaign (1979) is an organization advocating for a better subway and bus service in New York City. ...


SmartLink

Main article: SmartLink (card)

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, a joint transportation operation between New York and New Jersey, started distributing SmartLink cards for seniors in Fall of 2006. These RFID "smart" cards are expected to become the standard card for use in the NY-NJ area for mass transit. The card is also expected to allow for use in stores. SmartLink is a Radio Frequency Identification Chip enabled credit card sized smartcard to be used on the PATH transit system in New Jersey and New York City. ... Tolls collected at the Holland Tunnel and other crossings help fund the Port Authority. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... An EPC RFID tag used by Wal-Mart Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. ...


Future plans

Operations

Pending legislation would merge the subway operations of MTA New York City Transit with Staten Island Railway to form a single entity called MTA Subways.[22] The Staten Island Railway operates with R44 subway cars on a fully grade-separated right-of-way, but is typically not considered part of the subway, and is connected only via the free, city-operated Staten Island Ferry. Legislation (or statutory law) is law which has been promulgated (or enacted) by a legislature or other governing body. ... The Staten Island Railway (aka SIR, and formerly known as SIRT) is a rapid transit line operating in the Borough of Staten Island, New York City, USA. It is considered a standard railroad line, but is currently disconnected from the national railway system and operates with modified R44 New York... A plan structure responsible for operations of the MTA New York City Transits subways and MTA Staten Island Railway. ... The R44 is a model of passenger train car which operates on the New York City Subway and the Staten Island Railway. ... An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ... A right-of-way (plural: rights-of-way) is an easement or strip of land granted to a railroad company upon which to build a railroad. ... Staten Island Ferry, with the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge in the background The Staten Island Ferry is a passenger ferry operated by the New York City Department of Transportation between Whitehall Street at the southernmost tip of Manhattan near Battery Park (South Ferry) and St. ...


Stations

In August 2006, the MTA revealed that all future subway stations, including ones built for the Second Avenue Subway, the No. 7 line extension, and the new South Ferry station, will have platforms outfitted with air-cooling systems. Also all underground stations would have cell-phone accessibility.[citation needed] The Second Avenue Subway (SAS), refers to a series of public works projects and engineering studies undertaken to construct a subway line underneath Second Avenue in the borough of Manhattan as part of the New York City Subway system. ... The 7 Subway Extension — Hudson Yards Rezoning and Development Program refers to the New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authoritys (MTA) plans to extend the IRT Flushing Line, which carries the 7 service, westward from its current terminus at Times Square, adding two new stations at 10th Avenue–43rd Street...


Technology

New train arrival signs on the L train
RFID trial on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line
RFID trial on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Train arrival times

In 2003, the MTA signed a $160 million contract with Siemens Transportation Systems to install digital next-train arrival message boards at 158 of its IRT (numbered line) stations. These signs were to be different from the current LED signs that are only capable of displaying the current date and time. However, many problems arose with the software used in Siemens programming, and the MTA stopped payment to the company in May 2006.[23] The MTA threatened to drop Siemens, but about a month later Siemens announced they had fixed the problem. The signs should begin operation later in 2007.[24] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 797 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1020 × 767 pixel, file size: 518 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) New train arrival sign on the L. Taken at 14th Street-Union Square station on the L platform File history Legend: (cur) = this is the... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 797 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1020 × 767 pixel, file size: 518 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) New train arrival sign on the L. Taken at 14th Street-Union Square station on the L platform File history Legend: (cur) = this is the... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 480 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1280 pixel, file size: 304 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is an RFID test on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, taken by stan as NY RFID Subway Trial... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 480 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1280 pixel, file size: 304 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is an RFID test on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, taken by stan as NY RFID Subway Trial... The Lexington Avenue Line (sometimes called the Lex or the IRT East Side Line) is one of the major IRT lines in the New York City Subway. ... “Siemens” redirects here. ... The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... External links LEd Category: TeX ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ...


A different system has been developed and installed successfully on the L line and is currently under testing.[25] Eighth Avenue to Rockaway Parkway The L 14th Street–Canarsie Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway, running local along the full length of the BMT Canarsie Line at all times. ...

Paypass trial

The MTA also signed a deal with Mastercard in the first few months of 2006 to test out a new RFID card payment scheme.[26] Customers had to sign up at a special Mastercard website and had to use a Mastercard Paypass credit or debit card/tag to participate. Participating stations included:[27] MasterCard Worldwide (NYSE: MA) is a membership organization owned by the 25,000+ financial institutions that issue its card. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An EPC RFID tag used for Wal-Mart Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. ... MasterCard Worldwide (NYSE: MA) is a membership organization owned by the 25,000+ financial institutions that issue its card. ...

  • IRT Lexington Avenue Line from 138 St. in the Bronx, to Borough Hall, Brooklyn,
  • 23rd St.-Ely Avenue in Queens for the E line,
  • and 45th Road-Court House Square for the 7 line.

Originally scheduled to end in December of 2006, the MTA extended the trial due to "overwhelming positive response".[28] The Lexington Avenue Line (sometimes called the Lex or the IRT East Side Line) is one of the major IRT lines in the New York City Subway. ... 138th Street–Grand Concourse is a station on the IRT Jerome Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intsersection of East 138th Street and the Grand Concourse in the Bronx neighborhood of Mott Haven. ... Court Street–Borough Hall is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, and the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. ... 23rd Street–Ely Avenue is a station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway. ... The E Eighth Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... 45th Road–Court House Square is an elevated station on the IRT Flushing Line of the New York City Subway. ... Main Street to Times Square An R36 7 local northbound at 33rd Street–Rawson Street. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Automation

In the early 21st century, plans resurfaced for a major expansion, the Second Avenue Line. This line had been planned as early as the 1920s but has been delayed several times since. Construction was started in the 1970s, but discontinued due to the city's fiscal crisis. Some small portions remain intact in Chinatown, the East Village, and the Upper East Side, but they are each quite short and thus remain unused.[29] A segment from 99th St to 105 St will serve as layup tracks for the first phase of the Second Av Subway, now under construction. Proposed route of the Second Avenue Subway T Line and Q extension The Second Avenue Line, usually called the Second Avenue Subway (SAS), refers to a series of public works projects and engineering studies undertaken to construct a subway underneath Second Avenue in New York Citys borough of Manhattan. ... A Chinese lion helps usher in the 2006 Chinese New Year. ... Looking south from 6th Street down Second Avenue, one of the main thoroughfares through the East Village. ... The Upper East Side at Sunset The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, USA, between Central Park and the East River. ...


In the mid-2000s, the MTA began a 20-year process of automating the subway. Beginning with the BMT Canarsie Line (L) and the IRT Flushing Line 7 [30], the MTA has plans to eventually automate a much larger portion, using One Person Train Operation (OPTO) in conjunction with Communication-Based Train Control (CBTC). Siemens Transportation Systems is building the CBTC system. (A 1959 experiment in automating the 42nd Street Shuttle in New York City ended with a fire at 42nd Street–Grand Central on April 24, 1964.) Services that use the BMT Canarsie Line through Manhattan have been colored gray since 1979. ... Eighth Avenue to Rockaway Parkway The L 14th Street–Canarsie Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway, running local along the full length of the BMT Canarsie Line at all times. ... Services that use the IRT Flushing Line through midtown have been colored purple since 1979. ... Main Street to Times Square An R36 7 local northbound at 33rd Street–Rawson Street. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... “Siemens” redirects here. ... The S 42nd Street Shuttle is a service on the New York City Subway. ... Grand Central–42nd Street (as shown on ground-level signs, though all three individual stations are named 42nd Street–Grand Central) is a major rapid transit station complex in the New York City Subway, and was the second busiest station in 1994. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ...


Safety & security

Photography

After the September 11th attacks in New York, the MTA was extremely wary of anyone taking photographs or recording video inside the system. The MTA proposed banning all photography and recording in a meeting around June 2004.[31] However, due to strong response from both the public and from civil rights groups, the rule of conduct was dropped. In November 2004, the MTA again put this rule up for approval, but was again denied. [32] However, police officers still confronted people who were not authorized personnel and either confiscated their film/cameras or issued them a Disorderly Conduct summons. [33] A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A summons is a legal document issued by a court (a judicial summons) or by an administrative agency of government (an administrative summons) for various purposes. ...


Currently, the MTA Rules of Conduct, Restricted Areas and Activities section states that anyone may take pictures or record video, as long as no flash or tripod is used:

Section 1050.9 Restricted areas and activities.
Photography, filming or video recording in any facility or conveyance is permitted except that ancillary equipment such as lights, reflectors or tripods may not be used. Members of the press holding valid identification issued by the New York City Police Department are hereby authorized to use necessary ancillary equipment. All photographic activity must be conducted in accordance with the provisions of this Part. Full section

Terrorism

On July 22, 2005, in response to bombings in London, United Kingdom, the New York City Transit Police introduced a new policy of randomly searching passengers' bags as they approached turnstiles. The NYPD claimed that no form of racial profiling would be conducted when these searches actually took place. The NYPD has come under fire from some groups that claim purely random searches without any form of threat assessment would be ineffectual. "This NYPD bag search policy is unprecedented, unlawful and ineffective," said Donna Lieberman, Executive Director of the NYCLU. "It is essential that police be aggressive in maintaining security in public transportation. But our very real concerns about terrorism do not justify the NYPD subjecting millions of innocent people to suspicionless searches in a way that does not identify any person seeking to engage in terrorist activity and is unlikely to have any meaningful deterrent effect on terrorist activity."[34] is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The following is a timeline of the 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings. ... Established in 1935, the New York City Transit Police Department was responsible for the protection of New York City Subway lines for 60 years. ... Racial profiling, also known as ethnic profiling, is the inclusion of racial or ethnic characteristics in determining whether a person is considered likely to commit a particular type of crime (see Offender Profiling). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into American Civil Liberties Union. ...


Passenger safety

Passenger accidents occur infrequently on the transit system.[citation needed] Platform gaps between the train and the platform typically range from 3-5 inches (7-13 centimeters). The maximum gap width on a straight platform is 6 inches (15 centimeters).[35] Slips and falls have also declined.[citation needed] However, people do get minor injuries attempting to slip through the train doors as conductors are closing them.[citation needed]

See also: New York City Transit Police

Established in 1935, the New York City Transit Police Department was responsible for the protection of New York City Subway lines for 60 years. ...

Criticisms

Capacity constraints

Several subway lines have reached their operational limits in terms of trains and passengers, according to data released by the Transit Authority. All but one of the "A" Division Lines, and the E and L lines are at capacity; crowding on the Lexington Avenue trains exceeds design limits.[36] Crowding on subway lines results in delays and if congestion-based pricing for automobile travel to Manhattan is implemented, subway crowding is predicted to worsen. The Second Avenue Subway will begin to relieve pressure on the Lexington Avenue line when its first segment opens for business in 2013, but no such relief is planned for other crowded lines. Because new subway construction can require years to plan and complete, the Transit Authority must turn to increased bus service to manage demand in the short run. New York congestion pricing is a proposed traffic congestion fee for vehicles traveling into or within the Manhattan central business district of New York City. ... The Second Avenue Subway (SAS), refers to a series of public works projects and engineering studies undertaken to construct a subway line underneath Second Avenue in the borough of Manhattan as part of the New York City Subway system. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Subway flooding

Service on the Subway system is occasionally interrupted due to both minor rain and major storms. Rainwater can disrupt signals underground and electricity from the third rail may have to be shut off. Since 1992, $357 million has been used to improve 269 pump rooms. As of August 2007, $115 million has been earmarked to upgrade the remaining 18 pump rooms. The project is expected to be completed in 2010.[37] Despite these improvements, the transit system continues to experience flooding problems. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


On August 8, 2007, after slightly more than 3 inches of rain within an hour the subway system flooded and was disrupted again halting the morning rush. A similar incident occurred in the morning in September 2004. This is the third incident in the calendar year 2007 in which rain disrupted service. The system was hampered by pumps and drainage which could only handle rainfall at a rate of 1 and 1/2 inches per hour, and the little warning as to the severity of the storm. In late August 2007, MTA Engineer Phil Kollin announced new plans to create a system that would pump water away from the third rail. This new pumping system is scheduled to be in place by 2009. is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Public relations

The MTA has had numerous events that promote increased ridership of their transit system.

Ms. Subways

From 1941 to 1976, the transit authority sponsored the "Miss Subways" publicity campaign. It was resurrected in 2004, for one year, as "Ms. Subways". Featuring young models, entertainers and others, the monthly campaign, which included the winners' photos and biographical blurbs on placards in subway cards, numbers actress Mona Freeman, and prominent New York City restaurateur Ellen Goodman (née Ellen Hart). Miss Subways was a title accorded to individual New York City women between 1941 and 1976. ... Mona Freeman, born Monica Freeman June 9, 1926 in Baltimore, Maryland USA was a movie actress. ...

Subway series

Subway series is a term attributed to any World Series contest between New York City teams, called thus as opposing teams can travel to compete merely by using the subway system. Subway series is a term long used in New York, going back to series between the Brooklyn Dodgers or New York Giants and the New York Yankees in the 1940s and '50s. For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... The Brooklyn Dodgers were a Major League Baseball team that played from 1890-1957. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as...

2012 Olympics bid
An example of a NYC2012 logo
An example of a NYC2012 logo
See also: New York City 2012 Olympic bid

In cooperation with the City of New York, the MTA posted the NYC2012 logo on train cars in 2005 to garner support for the Olympic bid. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (462x737, 33 KB) NYC 2012 Logo - Not GFDL. See Wikipedia:Logos for guidance on use. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (462x737, 33 KB) NYC 2012 Logo - Not GFDL. See Wikipedia:Logos for guidance on use. ... The New York City 2012 Olympic bid was one of the five short-listed bids for the 2012 Summer Olympics, ultimately won by London 2012. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

A closed entrance to 45th Street station on the R Line in Sunset Park, Brooklyn. ... The transportation system of New York City is an unparalleled cooperation of unique, complex, and grandiose systems of infrastructure. ... This is an alphabetical list of cities worldwide that have a rapid transit system, or a light-rail system with some elements of rapid transit. ... Christmas Eve on Sesame Street scene with Oscar (in garbage can) and Big Bird (behind column) at 86th Street (IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line) The New York City Subway is often seen as an integral part of the city and has had a place in popular culture for at least...

References

  1. ^ The IRT main line, which is considered to be the first New York City "subway" line, opened in 1904; however, the Ninth Avenue Line, a predecessor elevated railroad line, operated its first trial run on July 3, 1868, according to Facts and Figures 1979-80, published by the New York City Transit Authority See also nycsubway.org, and the West End Line railroad opened in 1863. A small portion of the latter line's original right-of-way is still in daily use near Coney Island.[1]
  2. ^ a b "MTA Subway Fast Facts" Retrieved June 28, 2007.
  3. ^ Jeremy Olshan, New York Post, Lone Riders of the Rockaways, August 21, 2006
  4. ^ Annie Karni, New York Sun, Surges in Ridership at Stations Reflect Neighborhood Dynamism, January 22, 2007
  5. ^ A Guide for Evaluating the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Proposed Capital Program for 2000 Through 2004, [[2]]
  6. ^ http://www.mta.info/nyct/maps/subwaymap.pdf
  7. ^ Metro systems by annual passenger rides
  8. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/20/nyregion/nyregionspecial3/20security.html
  9. ^ TRACK RECORD: 1.5B RODE SUBWAY" by Pete Donohue, New York Daily News, February 11, 2006
  10. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/29/nyregion/29mbrfs-RECORDUSEFOR_BRF.html
  11. ^ http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/facts/favorites/fcvt_fotw67.html
  12. ^ Polytechnic University Cable 34:2 Winter 2007 p.7
  13. ^ AM New York (Sept. 25, 2006): "Voices Down Below", by Justin Rocket Silverman
  14. ^ Rapid Transit Challenge-restroom locations. Retrieved on 2007-04-13.
  15. ^ R160A in service on N.
  16. ^ R160B in service on N.
  17. ^ Cudahy, Brian (2003). A Century of Subways: Celebrating 100 Years of New York's Underground Railways. Fordham University Press. ISBN 0823222926. , p. 28
  18. ^ "TUNNEL VISION; The Kiss of Desperation: A Disgusting Practice Vanishes With the Token" by Randy Kennedy, The New York Times, April 8, 2003
  19. ^ "CONNECTICUT HIGHWAY TOKEN BUYS SUBWAY RIDE, TOO", The New York Times, November 18, 1982, p.1
  20. ^ "CONNECTICUT TO ALTER ITS TURNPIKE TOKENS, SOLVING SUBWAY ISSUE", The New York Times, December 15, 1982, p.1
  21. ^ a b "17 1/2 ACCORD PUTS AND END TO THE GREAT TOKEN WAR", The New York Times, November 7, 1985,
  22. ^ About MTA Capital Construction
  23. ^ Delay on Subway Train Arrival signs (8/06)
  24. ^ About Time for MTA(1/07)
  25. ^ MTA/Siemens sign deal
  26. ^ NYC Subway-Mastercard Trial. engadget.com (2006-02-01). Retrieved on 2007-04-09.
  27. ^ Mastercard Paypass NYC Subway Trial-Stations. Mastercard. Retrieved on 2007-04-09.
  28. ^ Extension of Paypass Trial. Mastercard. Retrieved on 2007-04-09.
  29. ^ http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/2ndave-builtfaq.html
  30. ^ Arden, Patrick & Michael P. Ventura (04-12), "Ready to roll on Second Ave MTA’s chief engineer dishes the dirt on their new dig", NY Metro: 1/2, <http://ny.metro.us/metro/local/article/Ready_to_roll_on_Second_Ave/7934.html>
  31. ^ http://www.villagevoice.com/nyclife/0423,haber,54075,15.html Proposed Photo Ban (6/04)
  32. ^ Proposed Photo Ban (11/04)
  33. ^ NYPD enforcing their own rules about photography
  34. ^ American Civil Liberties Union (2005-08-04). NYCLU Sues New York City Over Subway Bag Search Policy. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-06-13.
  35. ^ Pemberton v New York City Tr. Auth., 2003-04-23, <http://www.nycourts.gov/reporter/slips/12761.htm> (retrieved on 2007-08-21)
  36. ^ Neuman, William (June 26), "Some Subways Found Packed Past Capacity", The New York Times, <http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/26/nyregion/26mta.html?ref=nyregion>
  37. ^ Donohue, Pete (2007-08-09), "Downpour swamps subways, stranding thousands of riders", New York Daily News, <http://www.nydailynews.com/news/2007/08/09/2007-08-09_its_transit_hell_from_heavens.html> (retrieved on 2007-08-23)

The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... The New York City Transit Authority (also known as NYCTA, Transit, NYCT for New York City Transit or simply the TA for Transit Authority) is a New York State authority that operates buses and subway trains in New York City. ... Route designation on BMT Triplex equipment The West End Line, now a subway line in Brooklyn, New York City, is a branch line from the Broadway (Manhattan)-Fourth Avenue (Brooklyn) subway, serving the communities of Borough Park, New Utrecht, Bensonhurst, Bath Beach and Coney Island. ... For other uses, see Coney Island (disambiguation). ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The New York Post is the 13th-oldest newspaper published in the United States and the oldest to have been published continually as a daily. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The modern New York Sun is a daily newspaper published in New York City. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The following is a list of the top 20 metro systems in terms of passenger rides per year in the world: Tokyo Subway 2. ... AM New York is a free daily morning newspaper published in New York City by the Tribune Corporation, which also publishes Newsday. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a major American non-profit organization whose stated mission is to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States.[1] It works through litigation, legislation, and community... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • MTA NYC Transit Subways (official site with maps and schedules)
  • www.nycsubway.org (a thorough treatment of the current system and history, including historic and track maps)
  • MTA's own timeline of events
  • Abandoned Stations (a thorough treatment of the history of the abandoned subway stations)
  • OnNyTurf.com (Google Maps hack of the subway system)
  • New York City Transit (Helping you Travel in New York City)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Culture of New York City: Information from Answers.com (3907 words)
The culture of New York City is rooted in centuries of immigration, the city's size and variety, and its position as the cultural capital of the United States.
New York is also one of only five cities in the United States with permanent professional resident companies in all of the major performing arts disciplines: the New York City Opera, New York Philharmonic, New York City Ballet, and the Public Theater.
New York's film industry is much smaller than that of Hollywood, but its billions of dollars in revenue makes it an important part of the city's economy and places it as the second largest center for the film industry in the United States.
New York City Subway: Information from Answers.com (5180 words)
Subway cars (R44s) currently operate on the Staten Island Railway, opened in 1860, but that is not usually considered part of the subway system since it shares no track connections with the subway system and must comply with Federal Railroad Administration standards due to a previous track connection to mainland railroads.
The city was closely involved; every line built for the IRT, and most other lines built or improved for the BRT after 1913, was built by the city and leased to the companies (via the original Contracts 1 and 2 for the IRT subway, and the Dual Contracts for later extensions and widenings).
Cars purchased by the City of New York since the inception of the IND and for the other divisions beginning in 1948 are identified by the letter "R" followed by a number; e.g.: R32.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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