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Encyclopedia > New Year
Sydney leads the world in one of the first major New Year celebrations each year.
Sydney leads the world in one of the first major New Year celebrations each year.
London too has a major celebration, near the London Eye and the Houses of Parliament, two famous symbols of London.
London too has a major celebration, near the London Eye and the Houses of Parliament, two famous symbols of London.

The New Year is an event that happens when a culture celebrates the end of one year and the beginning of the next year. Cultures that measure yearly calendars all have New Year celebrations.[1] Look up New Year, New Years Eve in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sydney_New_Year's_Eve_2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sydney_New_Year's_Eve_2. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, is an observation wheel in London, England. ... This may refer to the: British Houses of Parliament. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... For other uses, see Calendar (disambiguation) A page from the Hindu calendar 1871–1872. ...

Contents

Modern new year celebrations

Main articles: New Year's Eve and New Year's Day

The most common modern dates of celebration are listed below, ordered and grouped by their appearance relative to the conventional Western calendar. For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ... This article is about the date January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Many cities across the world celebrate the New Year. The celebrations usually include a fireworks display, and other festivities. London, for example, has a major fireworks display along the River Thames, followed by a parade on New Year's Day. Fourth of July fireworks in San Diego, California New Years Day fireworks at Seaport Village, California Preparing fireworks at Sayn Castle 4th of July fireworks in Portland, Oregon Fireworks at Epcot Center, Florida, USA. See the Video. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... United States Marines on parade. ... This article is about the date January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Gregorian calendar is now used by many countries as the official calendar. This has meant that celebrations for the New Year have become much larger than before. Some countries even consider 1 January to be a National Holiday. For the calendar of religious holidays and periods, see liturgical year. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Baby New Year 1905 chases old 1904 into the history books in this cartoon by John T. McCutcheon
Baby New Year 1905 chases old 1904 into the history books in this cartoon by John T. McCutcheon

A typical depiction of the Baby New Year for 2006. ... John Tinney McCutcheon (May 6, 1870-June 10, 1949) was an American newspaper political cartoonist. ...

January

  • The Vietnamese New Year is the Tết Nguyên Đán which is for most times the same day as the Chinese New Year.
  • The Tibetan New Year is Losar and falls from January through March.
 March 
  • Nava (new) Varsha (year) is celebrated in India in various regions in March-April.
  • The Zoroastrian New Year coincides with the Iranian New Year of Nowruz. It is celebrated by the Parsis in India and by Zoroastrians and Persians across the world.
  • In the Saka Calendar (Balinese-Javanese Calendar) the celebration of new year falls on 30rd of March in this year. the celebration gather of Nyepi, Balinese Hindu holiday.
  • The Telugu New Year generally falls in the months of March or April. The people of Andhra Pradesh, India celebrate the advent of Lunar year this day. This day is celebrated across entire Andhra Pradesh as UGADI(Meaning the Start of a new Year.).The first month is Chaitra Masam. Masam means month.
  • Kashmiri Calendar, Navreh (New Year): 5083 Saptarshi/2064 Vikrami/2007-08 AD, March 19.
  • The Kannada New Year or Ugadi is celebrated by the people of Karnataka, India as the beginning of a new year according to the Hindu Calendar. The first month of the new Year is Chaitra.
  • Sindhi festival of Cheti Chand is celebrated on the same day as Ugadi/Gudi Padwa to mark the celebration of the Sindhi New Year.
  • The Thelemic new year on March 20 is usually celebrated with an invocation to Ra-Hoor-Khuit, commemorating the beginning of the New Aeon in 1904. It also marks the start of the twenty two day Thelemic holy season, which ends at the third day of the writing of The Book of the Law. This date is also known as The Feast of the Supreme Ritual. There are some that believe the Thelemic New Year falls on either 19,20,21 March, depending on the Vernal Equinox, this is The Feast for the Equinox of the Gods which is held on the Vernal Equinox of each year to commemorate the founding of Thelema in 1904. In 1904 the Vernal Equinox was on a 21st and it was the day after Aleister Crowley ended his Horus Invocation that brought on the new Æon and thelemic New Year.

is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the calendar of religious holidays and periods, see liturgical year. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Orthodox icon of Pentecost. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Julian calendar was a reform of the Roman calendar which was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Holidays in Canada. ... The Old New Year (Russian: ) is a traditional Russian holiday celebrated as the start of the New Year by the Julian calendar. ... The word holiday has related but different meanings in English-speaking countries, with the exception of the United States where usage differs greatly. ... For Dom Guérangers series of books, see The Liturgical Year. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Christian festival. ... Dormition of the Virgin redirects here. ... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... The Revised Julian calendar is a calendar that was considered for adoption by the Eastern Orthodox churches at a synod in Istanbul in May 1923. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... The Julian calendar was a reform of the Roman calendar which was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... For other traditions of celebrating lunar new year, see Lunar New Year. ... Lunar New Year may refer to the beginning of the year in several cultures calendars: Chinese New Year Korean New Year Islamic New Year Tết (Vietnamese New Year) Thai New Year (Songkran) Categories: | ... The lunar phase depends on the Moons position in orbit around Earth. ... Spring is one of the four temperate seasons. ... Lichun (Simplified Chinese: 立春; Traditional Chinese: 立春; pinyin: LìchÅ«n; Japanese: 立春; Korean: 입춘) is a solar term begins when Sun lies between the celestial longitude of 315° and 330°. It sometimes refers in particular to the day when Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 315°. Introduction Lichun usually begins around... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the calendar of religious holidays and periods, see liturgical year. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water In traditional Chinese philosophy, natural phenomena can be classified into the Five Elements (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ): wood, fire... For the river in Roussillon, France, see Têt River. ... Tết display in Ho Chi Minh City Tết Nguyên Đán  , more commonly known by its shortened name Tết, is the most important and popular holiday and festival in Vietnam. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Losar (Tibetan: ལོ་གསར་; Wylie: lo gsar) is the Tibetan word for new year. ... Holla Mohalla festival (Photo:Reuters/Kamal Kishore) Hola Mohalla or Hola Mahalla or simply Hola is a Sikh festival that takes place on the first of the lunar month of Chet which usually falls in March. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... The Nanakshahi (Punjabi: , ) calendar is a solar calendar that was adopted by the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee to determine the dates for important Sikh events. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Iranian calendar (Persian: ), also known as Persian calendar or (mistakenly) the Jalāli Calendar is an astronomical solar calendar currently used in Iran and Afghanistan as the main official calendar. ... Persepolis all nations stair case. ... Illumination of Earth by Sun on the day of equinox The vernal equinox (or spring equinox) marks the beginning of astronomical spring. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... Persepolis all nations stair case. ... a person from Pars (the middle-Persian word for Fars), a region now within the geographical boundaries of Iran, and is roughly the original homeland of the Persian people. ... The Baháí calendar, also called the Badí‘ calendar, used by the Baháí Faith, is a solar calendar with regular years of 365 days, and leap years of 366 days. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ugadi (Telugu: ఉగాది, Kannada: ಉಗಾದಿ) (literally - the start of an era) is the new years day for the people of the Deccan region of India. ... Andhra redirects here. ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... // The celebration of springtime and harvest Gudi Padwa is a holiday celebrated in India. ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Ugadi (Telugu: ఉగాది, Kannada: ಉಗಾದಿ) (literally - the start of an era) is the new years day for the people of the Deccan region of India. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Ugadi (Telugu: ఉగాది, Kannada: ಉಗಾದಿ) (literally - the start of an era) is the new years day for the people of the Deccan region of India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... Chaitra (Hindi: चैत cait or चैत्र caitr) is a month of the Hindu calendar. ... Sindh (SindhÄ«: سنڌ, UrdÅ«: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ... Cheti Chand is celebrated as New Years day by Sindhis. ... Ugadi (Telugu: ఉగాది, Kannada: ಉಗಾದಿ) (literally - the start of an era) is the new years day for the people of the Deccan region of India. ... // The celebration of springtime and harvest Gudi Padwa is a holiday celebrated in India. ... Thelema is the English transliteration of the Ancient Greek noun : will, from the verb θέλω: to will, wish, purpose. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Within the system of Thelema, history is taken and broken down into a series of Aeons, each with its own dominant concept of divinity and its own formula of redemption and advancement. ... Cover of The Book of the Law by Aleister Crowley (Weiser 2004 Centennial Edition) The Book of the Law is the central sacred text of Thelema, written (or received) by Aleister Crowley in Cairo, Egypt in the year 1904. ... Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley, (12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947, pronounced ) was a British occultist, writer, mountaineer, philosopher, poet, and yogi. ...

April

  • The Nepali new year is celebrated in spring, on the first day of the lunar month Baisakh. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually falls between 12 and 15 April.
  • The Sinhalese New Year falls In April (the month of Bak) when the sun moves from the Meena Rashiya (House of Pisces) to the Mesha Rashiya (House of Aries) Sri Lankans begin celebrating their National New Year "Aluth Avurudhu" in Sinhala and "Puththandu (புத்தாண்டு)" in Tamil. However, unlike the usual practice where the new year begins at midnight, the National New Year begins at the time determined by the astrologers. Not only the beginning of the new year but the conclusion of the old year is also specified by the astrologers. And unlike the customary ending and beginning of new year, there is a period of a few hours in between the conclusion of the Old Year and the commencement of the New Year , which is called the "nona gathe" (neutral period). During this time one is expected to keep off from all types of work and engage solely in religious activities.
  • In India, the Tamil New Year and Vishu are celebrated on the same day respectively in the Southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. They generally fall on 13 April or 14 April. The first month of the Tamil New Year is called Chithrai. Every year in the month of Chithrai (சித்திரை), in the temple city of Madurai, the Chithrai Thiruvizha is celebrated in the Meenakshi Temple. A huge exhibition is also held, called Chithrai Porutkaatchi. In some parts of Southern Tamil Nadu, it is also called Chithrai Vishu. The day is marked with a feast in Hindu homes and the entrance to the houses are decorated elaborately with kolams. In some parts of Karnataka, New year may be celebrated on this day, although it is most commonly celebrated on the day of Gudi Padwa, the Maharashtrian new year as well.

For other uses, see Assyria (disambiguation). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Punjabi (also Panjabi; in GurmukhÄ«, PanjābÄ« in ShāhmukhÄ«) is the language of the Punjab regions of India and Pakistan. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Vaisakhi (Punjabi: , , also known as Baisakhi) is an ancient harvest festival in Punjab, which also marks beginning of a new solar year, and new harvest season. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Mother and motherland are dearer than the heavens Anthem: Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka Capital (and largest city) Kathmandu (Nepal Bhasa: येँ) Official languages Nepali[1] Recognised regional languages Nepal Bhasa, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Awadhi, Sherpa, Kiranti and another 100 different indigenous languages. ... Baishakh is the first month in the Bangla Calendar used in Bangladesh and parts of India. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cambodian New Year or Chaul Chnam Thmey (ឆលឆ្នាំថ្មី) in the Khmer language , is the name of the Cambodian holiday that celebrates the new lunar year. ... The Lao New Year called Pee Mai is celebrated every year mostly aroundApril 13 to April 16. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... This article needs to be wikified. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... // Introduction In April (the month of Bak) when the sun moves from the Meena Rashiya (House of Pisces) to the Mesha Rashiya (House of Aries) Sri Lankans begin celebrating their National New Year or Aluth Avurudhu in Sinhala and Puththandu in Tamil. ... Puthandu, more frequently known as the Tamil New Year and Vishu which falls on the first day of the Hindu Solar Calendar are celebrated on the same day respectively in the Southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. ... Vishu (Malayalam:വിഷു)- (American Vjéshu), (Tamil:வீஷூ) is astronomical new year day festival held in the state of Kerala in South India (and adjoining areas of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu). ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... , Madurai   (Tamil: , IPA: ) is a city and a municipal corporation with a city population of 922,913 according to 2001 census. ... Meenakshi temple A different view of the Meenakshi temple The Meenakshi temple is a Hindu temple in the Tamil Nadu city of Madurai. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Vishu (Malayalam:വിഷു)- (American Vjéshu), (Tamil:வீஷூ) is astronomical new year day festival held in the state of Kerala in South India (and adjoining areas of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu). ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Kolam outside a house in Tamil Nadu Kolam (Tamil:Beauty etc) is a decorative design drawn in a variety of sandpainting using rice powder by female members of the family in front of their home, especially near the threshold. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... For other uses, see New Year (disambiguation). ... // The celebration of springtime and harvest Gudi Padwa is a holiday celebrated in India. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is a state in west-central India. ...

Northern fall

  • Rosh Hashanah (Hebrew for 'head of the year') is a holiday commemorating the culmination of the seven days of Creation, and marking God's yearly renewal of His world. The day has elements of festivity and introspection, as God is traditionally believed to be assessing His creation and determining the fate of all men and creatures for the coming year.
  • The Marwari New Year is celebrated on the day of the festival of Diwali
  • The Gujarati New Year is usually celebrated the day after the festival of Diwali (which occurs in mid-fall - either October or November, depending on the Lunar calendar). The Gujarati New Year is synonymous with sud ekam of the Kartik month - the first day of the first month of Gujarati lunar calendar. Most other Hindus celebrate the New Year in early spring, but the Gujarati farming community celebrates the New Year after Diwali to mark the beginning of a new fiscal year.
  • Some neo-pagans celebrate Samhain (a festival of the ancient Celts, held around November 1) as a new year's day representing the new cycle of the Wheel of the Year, although they do not use a different calendar that starts on this day.

Look up Rosh Hashanah in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... This article is about the biblical text. ... Jesus Christ in a Coptic icon The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: , literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church of Alexandria) is the official name for the largest Christian church in Egypt. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Enkutatash is the first day of the New Year in Ethiopia. ... The Ethiopian calendar (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር ), also called the Geez calendar, is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia and is also the liturgical year of Christians in Eritrea belonging to the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahdo Church, Eastern Catholic Church of Eritrea and Lutheran (Evangelical Church of Eritrea), where it is commonly known... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Birthplace of Marwari Clans Marwaris are the people from the Marwar region of Rajasthan in India. ... Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... Languages Gujarati Religions Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism (see Parsis), Jainism, Christianity Gujarati people (Gujarati: ગુજરાતી લોકો Gujǎrātī loko), or Gujaratis, is an umbrella term used to describe traditionally Gujarati-speaking Indo-Aryan people who can trace their ancestry to the Gujarat region in India. ... A lunar calendar is a calendar that is based on cycles of the moon phase. ... Lunar may refer to: an adjective that means having to do with or pertaining to the Moon, or to moons in general. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ... Look up Samhain in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In Neopaganism, the Wheel of the Year is the natural cycle of the seasons, commemorated by the eight Sabbats. ...

Variable

Islam (Arabic: ; ( ▶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... The Muslim New Year is a cultural event which some Muslims partake on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar. ... Muharram (Arabic: محرم ) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar is the calendar used to date events in predominately Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Muslim holy days. ... In lunar calendars, a lunar month is the time between two successive similar syzygies (new moons or full moons). ...

Liturgical new year

On the Catholic liturgical calendar used by the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church (and other churches descended from it such as the Anglican and Lutheran Churches) the new liturgical year begins at 4pm on the Saturday preceding the fourth Sunday prior to December 25. The Latin Rite is one of the 23 sui iuris particular Churches within the Catholic Church. ... The name Catholic Church can mean a visible organization that refers to itself as Catholic, or the invisible Christian Church, viz. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ...


Historical dates for the new year

The ancient Roman calendar started the year on 1 March, which is still reflected in the names of some months which derive from Latin: September (seventh), October (eighth), November (ninth), December (tenth). The year used in dates during the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire was the consular year, which began on the day when consuls first entered office — probably 1 March before 222 BC, 15 March from 222 BC to 154 BC, but this event was moved to 1 January in 153 BC.[2] In 45 BC, Julius Caesar introduced the Julian calendar, which continued to use 1 January as the first day of the new year. The Roman calendar changed its form several times in the time between the foundation of Rome and the fall of the Roman Empire. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see September (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see October (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For the state which existed in the 18th century, see Roman Republic (18th century). ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC - 150s BC - 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC Years: 158 BC 157 BC 156 BC 155 BC 154 BC - 153 BC - 152 BC 151 BC... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... The Julian calendar was a reform of the Roman calendar which was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the Middle Ages in Europe a number of significant feast days in the ecclesiastical calendar of the Roman Catholic Church came to be used as the beginning of the Julian year: The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The liturgical year, also known as the Christian year, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in some Christian churches which determines when Feasts, Memorials, Commemorations, and Solemnities are to be observed and which portions of Scripture are to be read. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... A Julian year is on average 365. ...

  • In Christmas Style dating the new year started on 25 December. This was used in Germany and England until the thirteenth century, and in Spain from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century.
  • In Annunciation Style dating the new year started on 25 March, the feast of the Annunciation. This was used in many parts of Europe in the Middle Ages, and was the style introduced by Dionysius Exiguus in AD 525. Annunciation Style continued to be used officially in the Kingdom of Great Britain until January 1, 1752, except Scotland which changed to Circumcision Style dating on 1 January 1600. The rest of Great Britain changed to Circumcision Style on the 1 January preceding the conversion in Great Britain from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar on 3/14 September 1752. The UK tax year still starts on 6 April which is 25 March + 12 days, eleven for the conversion from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar plus a dropped leap day in 1900.
  • In Easter Style dating, the new year started on Easter Saturday (or sometimes on Good Friday). This was used in France from the eleventh to the sixteenth century. A disadvantage of this system was that because Easter was a movable feast the same date could occur twice in a year; the two occurrences were distinguished as "before Easter" and "after Easter".
  • In Circumcision Style dating, the new year started on 1 January, the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ.

is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Annunciation (disambiguation). ... Dionysius Exiguus (Dennis the Little, meaning humble) (c. ... Events Bernicia settled by the Angles Ethiopia conquers Yemen The Daisan river, a tributary of the Euphrates, floods Edessa and within a couple of hours fills the entire city except for the highest parts. ... For an explanation of terms such as Scotland, Wales, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom, see British Isles (terminology). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the country. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1600 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ... Good Friday, also called Holy Friday or Great Friday, is the Friday preceding Easter Sunday. ... For the novel by Ernest Hemingway, see A Moveable Feast. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Adoption of 1 January as beginning of year

It took quite a long time before the adoption of the 1 January as the start of the year became widespread. The years of adoption are as follows - is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • 1522 Venice
  • 1529 Sweden
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Denmark/Norway
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Lorraine
  • 1583 Protestant (northern) Netherlands
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Britain and its colonies
  • 1941 Thailand; in 1888 in old Siam was April 6; in 1912 shifted to April 1.

1 March was the first day of the numbered year in the Republic of Venice until its destruction in 1797, and in Russia from 988 until 1492 (AM 7000). 1 September was used in Russia from 1492 until the adoption of the Christian era in 1700 via a December 1699 decree of Tsar Peter I (previously, Russia had counted years since the creation of the world—Anno Mundi). is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Borders of the Republic of Venice in 1796 Capital Venice Language(s) Venetian, Latin, Italian Religion Roman Catholicism Government Republic Doge  - 1789–97 Ludovico Manin History  - Established 697  - Treaty of Zara June 27, 1358  - Treaty of Leoben April 17, 1797 * Traditionally, the establishment of the Republic is dated to 697. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AD redirects here. ... Peter the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич Pyotr I Alekse`yevich, Пётр Великий Pyotr Veli`kiy) (9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.][1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his... Anno Mundi (AM, in the year of the world) refers to a Calendar era counting from the creation of the world. ...


Since the 17th century, the Roman Catholic ecclesiastic year has started on the first day of Advent, the Sunday nearest to St. Andrew's Day (30 November). μ This article is about the Christian season. ... St. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Autumnal equinox day (usually 22 September) was "New Year's Day" in the French Republican Calendar, which was in use from 1793 to 1805. This was primidi Vendémiaire, the first day of the first month. is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A French Revolutionary Calendar in the Historical Museum of Lausanne. ...


Time zones

Because of the division of the globe into time zones, the new year moves progressively around the globe as the start of the day ushers in the New Year. The first time zone to usher in the New Year is just west of the International Date Line. At that time the time zone to the east of the Date Line is 23 hours behind, still in the previous day. The central Pacific Ocean island nation of Kiribati claims that its easternmost landmass, uninhabited Caroline Island, is the first to usher in the New Year.[3][4] Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... “Date line” redirects here. ... For the islands in the Western Pacific, see Caroline Islands. ...


See also

Holidays Portal

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Persepolis all nations stair case. ... For the river in Roussillon, France, see Têt River. ... For other traditions of celebrating lunar new year, see Lunar New Year. ... The Muslim New Year is a cultural event which some Muslims partake on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic Calendar. ... The kadomatsu is a traditional decoration for the new year holiday. ... Hogmanay (pronounced — with the main stress on the last syllable - hog-muh-NAY) is the Scots word for the last day of the year and is synonymous with the celebration of the New Year (Gregorian calendar) in the Scottish manner. ... Puthandu, more frequently known as the Tamil New Year and Vishu which falls on the first day of the Hindu Solar Calendar are celebrated on the same day respectively in the Southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. ... New Year celebration, Rodnam Damhua, a traditional way to celebrate with elders. ...

References

  1. ^ Anthony Aveni, "Happy New Year! But Why Now?" in The Book of the Year: A Brief History of Our Seasonal Holidays (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 11-28.
  2. ^ Roman Dates (at end)
  3. ^ Harris, Aimee (April, 1999). Millennium: Date Line Politics. Honolulu Magazine. Retrieved on 2006-06-14.
  4. ^ Greenwich (2008). Greenwich Meantime, Kiribati. Kiribati Map. Retrieved on 2008-02-27.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
New year celebrations

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Rosh Hashanah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1542 words)
Jewish new year according to the Hebrew calendar.
Rosh Hashanah (Hebrew: ראש השנה transliterated ro’sh ha-shānāh, "head of the year") is the Jewish New Year.
Typically, round challah bread is served, to symbolize the cycle of the year.
CalendarHome.com - New Year's Day - Calendar Encyclopedia (974 words)
New Year's Day is the first day of the year, in the Gregorian calendar.
It is also an occasion to make New Year resolutions, which they hope to fulfill in the coming Year; the most popular ones in the western world include to stop tobacco smoking or drinking, or to lose weight or get physically fit.
In New York City, the world famous 1,070-pound, 6-foot-diameter Waterford crystal ball located high above Times Square is lowered starting at 11:59:00 PM and reaches the bottom of its tower at the stroke of midnight (12:00:00 AM) on January 1.
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