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Encyclopedia > New Wave of British Heavy Metal
NWOBHM
Stylistic origins: Heavy metal, Punk Rock , Hard Rock[1]
Cultural origins: Late 1970s, early 1980s United Kingdom[2]
Typical instruments: Guitar - Bass - Drums
Mainstream popularity: Popular in Europe, gained popularity during the 1980s in the United States
Derivative forms: Thrash metal - Progressive metal - Speed metal[3]

The New Wave of British Heavy Metal (frequently abbreviated as NWOBHM or N.W.O.B.H.M.) emerged in the late 1970s and reached mainstream attention in the late 1970s, in the United Kingdom, as a reaction in part to the decline of early heavy metal bands such as Deep Purple and Black Sabbath. The NWOBHM toned down the blues influences of earlier acts, upped the tempo, and adopted a tougher sound, taking a more hardcore approach to its music. It didn't have any intention to win a wide audience — it was directed almost exclusively at metal fans. It is widely considered to be the main foundation of all modern-day metal along with thrash acts such as Metallica, which cited bands like Diamond Head as influence.[4] Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Hard Rock redirects here. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... A sunburst-colored Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by the high speed and aggression. ... Progressive metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music which blends the powerful, guitar-driven sound of metal with the complex compositional structures, odd time signatures, and intricate instrumental playing of progressive rock. ... Speed metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal that spawned in the early 1980s and was the direct musical progenitor of thrash metal[1] [2]. When Speed metal first emerged as a genre, it innovatively increased the tempo of the music template set forth by Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... This article is about the rock band. ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... Blues music redirects here. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Diamond Head Diamond Head are a British heavy metal band formed in 1976 in Stourbridge, England. ...

Contents

Characteristics

NWOBHM's music reacted against the artifice of contemporary pop, placing an emphasis on musicianship and amplification, the former trait setting it apart from punk rock. Yet, unlike progressive rock, which placed a far greater emphasis on musical complexity, and unlike post-punk, which emphasized 'strangeness' and innovation, the NWOBHM thrived on volume, speed, and directness, with an idealised working class image. For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... The term working class is used to denote a social class. ...


Reviled or ignored by many mainstream critics in both the UK and the US, the NWOBHM nonetheless came to dominate the hard rock scene of the early-mid 1980s. NWOBHM was musically characterised by power chords, fast guitar solos and melodic, soaring vocals, with lyrical themes often drawing inspiration from mythology, fantasy fiction, and the occult. The movement's music was, however, often surprisingly melodic, and surprisingly parallel to punk and post-punk. Hard Rock redirects here. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ...


History

The NWOBHM artists

Iron Maiden
Iron Maiden

The early movement was associated with acts such as: Angel Witch, Iron Maiden, Tygers of Pan Tang, Def Leppard, Motörhead, Blitzkrieg, Sweet Savage, Girlschool, Saxon, Diamond Head, Samson and Tank, among others. The image of bands such as Saxon (long hair, denim jackets, leather and chains) would later become synonymous with heavy metal as a whole during the 1980s. It is interesting to note that Rob Halford, lead singer of Judas Priest, has admitted to in many interviews, and is credited with, starting the heavy metal macho leather look by buying outfits from macho gay bondage shops. Some bands, although conceived during this era, saw success on an underground scale, as was the case with Venom and Quartz. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1437x1157, 149 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Iron Maiden ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1437x1157, 149 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Iron Maiden ... Angel Witch is a British heavy metal band which was assembled in 1977. ... This article is about the band. ... Tygers Of Pan Tang is a New Wave Of British Heavy Metal band originating from Whitley Bay in the North-East of England, formed in 1978. ... Def Leppard are an English hard rock band from Sheffield who formed in 1977 as part of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal. ... This article is about the band. ... Blitzkrieg is a heavy metal band from Leicester, consisting of Brian Ross (vocals), Ken Johnson (guitar), Guy Laverick (guitar), Paul Brewis (bass) and Phil Brewis (drums). ... Sweet Savage was an Irish band that once included Def Leppard guitarist Vivian Campbell. ... Girlschool are a long-running English all-female heavy metal band originating out of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal. ... Saxon are a British heavy metal band, formed in 1976 in Barnsley, Yorkshire. ... Diamond Head Diamond Head are a British heavy metal band formed in 1976 in Stourbridge, England. ... Samson was a heavy metal band formed in 1977 by guitarrist and vocalist Paul Samson. ... Saxon are a British heavy metal band, formed in 1976 in Barnsley, Yorkshire. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For other uses, see Judas priest (curse). ... Venom are a heavy metal band, formed in late 1979 in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. ... Quartz are the Swedish dance production duo of Dave Rawlings and Ronnie Herel. ...


Looking at most comprehensive lists of bands of the time reveals hundreds of obscure or short lived acts. While the average collector would possibly gloss over these unknowns looking for more recognisable acts, record collectors revere such bands.[citation needed] The sheer number of low cost demos from the era, as well as the limited amount of information and media coverage of the genre, has led to of the releases becoming highly collectable.[citation needed] Records originally pressed for very little cost have sold more recently to collectors for hundreds of dollars.[citation needed] In some cases as low as 1 copy of a record is known to exist.[citation needed]


Decline

NWOBHM suffered the same fate as many other musical movements. First, the majority of its leading lights were unable to follow up on their initial successes. Second, the superstars moved further away from the genre towards mainstream hard rock. By the mid 1980s, young rock fans searching for their own identities found a new metal scene emanating from Los Angeles led by bands such as Mötley Crüe and later Guns N' Roses. Record companies also latched onto the L.A. scene over the NWOBHM scene because the L.A. bands brought them the one thing heavy metal hadn't yet brought into the fold - legions of female fans. Glam metal simply proved to be more profitable for record companies during this era. Hard Rock redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Mötley Crüe (pronounced Motley Croo) is an American heavy metal band from Los Angeles, California in 1980. ... Guns N Roses is an American hard rock band, formed in Los Angeles, California in 1985. ... Glam metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s - early 1980s in the United States. ...


Iron Maiden and Def Leppard however went on to considerable, lasting success, with Def Leppard in particular successfully targeting the American market with a more refined sound, while Iron Maiden stayed with a more traditional heavy metal style which won them a large and loyal fanbase. Saxon and Venom were also able to maintain a respectable amount of success even after the NWOBHM had declined. Saxon are a British heavy metal band, formed in 1976 in Barnsley, Yorkshire. ... Venom are a heavy metal band, formed in late 1979 in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. ...


Subsequent influence

Groups such as Saxon, Iron Maiden, Angel Witch and Venom, as well as many lesser-known ones, became part of the canon that influenced American bands that formed in the early eighties, such as Slayer, Megadeth and, in particular, Metallica, along with many others. Indeed, early Metallica is very similar in sound to a number of NWOBHM bands (in particular, Diamond Head, Motörhead and Blitzkrieg, the songs of each of which have been covered by Metallica.) Saxon are a British heavy metal band, formed in 1976 in Barnsley, Yorkshire. ... This article is about the band. ... Angel Witch is a British heavy metal band which was assembled in 1977. ... Venom are a heavy metal band, formed in late 1979 in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. ... In music, a canon is a contrapuntal composition that employs a melody with one or more imitations of the melody played after a given duration (e. ... For other uses, see Slayer (disambiguation). ... Megadeth is an American thrash metal band led by founder, frontman and songwriter Dave Mustaine. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Diamond Head Diamond Head are a British heavy metal band formed in 1976 in Stourbridge, England. ... This article is about the band. ... Blitzkrieg is a heavy metal band from Leicester, consisting of Brian Ross (vocals), Ken Johnson (guitar), Guy Laverick (guitar), Paul Brewis (bass) and Phil Brewis (drums). ...


Lars Ulrich of Metallica compiled a double CD compilation album in the early nineties featuring bands as obscure as Hollow Ground right through to the 'Supergroups' of the Genre. Lars Ulrich (born December 26, 1963) is the drummer and co-founder of Metallica. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Revival

The widespread popularity of the internet in the late 1990s/early 2000s however, helped NWOBHM fans to communicate again and NWOBHM experienced a minor revival. Encouraged by the success of tribute bands / nostalgia acts, many of the original NWOBHM bands reformed for successful tours and the revival was championed by “Classic Rock” magazine, a new publication featuring many of the original NWOBHM writers of the 1980s including Geoff Barton. For the magazine, see Classic Rock (magazine). ...


Media support

The NWOBHM existed mostly outside the world of the mainstream pop and rock culture. Magazines such as The NME (primarily focused on punk / new wave), The Face (primarily focused on new romantic / synth pop) and Melody Maker (primarily focused on rock) did not generally feature NWOBHM acts at all. It was left therefore to Sounds to pick up the NWOBHM baton. Young writer Geoff “Deaf” Barton began writing features on the new up and coming metal bands and Sounds even featured a weekly Heavy Metal chart compiled from record requests at “The Soundhouse”, a heavy metal soundhouse in North West London and the spiritual home of the movement. The New Musical Express (better known as the NME) is a weekly magazine about popular music published in the UK. It is unlike many other popular music magazines due to its intended focus on guitar-based music and indie rock bands, instead of mainstream pop acts. ... For other uses, see The Face (disambiguation). ... Melody Maker, published in the United Kingdom, was (until its closure) the worlds oldest weekly music newspaper. ... Sounds was a British music magazine, published weekly from October 10, 1970 – April 6, 1991. ... Sounds was a British music magazine, published weekly from October 10, 1970 – April 6, 1991. ...


As the movement continued to thrive, Barton set up Kerrang!, the first magazine exclusively devoted to heavy metal. The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ...


Tommy Vance was one of the few mainstream DJs to play NWOBHM on his Friday Rock Show on BBC Radio 1. Tommy Vance, born Richard Anthony Crispian Francis Prew Hope-Weston (July 11, 1941 – March 6, 2005) was a British pop radio broadcaster, born in Eynsham, Oxfordshire. ... The Friday Rock Show was a radio show in the United Kingdom that was broadcast on BBC Radio 1 from 2200 to 0000 on Friday nights from 1978 to 1993. ... BBC Radio 1 (commonly referred to as just Radio 1) is a British national radio station operated by the BBC, specialising in popular music and speech and is aimed primarily at the 14-29[1] age group. ...


The Soundhouse

The Soundhouse was London’s first heavy rock disco based initially at The Bandwagon, a disco/nightclub venue attached to the Prince of Wales public house in Kingsbury, North West London. The Soundhouse’s popularity really took off with the arrival in 1975 of Neal Kay, a rock DJ with a talent for showmanship and publicity who transformed the venue into the centre of the new movement. In addition to rock disco nights, Neal would promote early live performances of NWOBHM bands such as Samson, Angel Witch, Praying Mantis, Saxon and Iron Maiden, who titled their debut EP release “The Soundhouse Tapes” in honour of the venue. Neal Kay is a London-based DJ who along with Tommy Vance was a significant factor in the rise of the New Wave Of British Heavy Metal (NWOBHM). ... Samson was a heavy metal band formed in 1977 by guitarrist and vocalist Paul Samson. ... Angel Witch is a British heavy metal band which was assembled in 1977. ... Praying Mantis are an English New Wave Of British Heavy Metal band. ... Saxon are a British heavy metal band, formed in 1976 in Barnsley, Yorkshire. ... This article is about the band. ...


The Soundhouse also gained approval from the more established rock bands and Motörhead, Sammy Hagar, April Wine, Rainbow and Judas Priest all turned up to mingle with punters and enjoy an evening of metal and beer; many of them being cajoled into judging headbanging and air guitar competitions featuring "imaginary bands" made up of the club's regular punters. Among these was one Robin Yeatman, a local wedding photographer and heavy rock fanatic, who went by the nickname of Rob Loonhouse. Rob fashioned a cardboard (and later hardboard) guitar which he took to the club and pretended to play during his favourite songs. The craze caught on, with other club goers following suit and the development of various ad-hoc headbanging bands: Willy Flasher & The Raincoats being among the most popular. Loonhouse himself was to feature in many of the music press articles about the Soundhouse - cutting a distinctive look in canvas fishing hat and sweat-soaked Blue Öyster Cult T-shirt, while wiedling his homemade axe. An edition of the pop culture TV show, 20th Century Box, included footage from the Soundhouse and interviews with Loonhouse, in which, sadly, his tongue-in-cheek humour was lost. Wisely, Loonhouse ditched the hardboard guitar soon after and retreated from the media spotlight. This article is about the band. ... Samuel Roy Hagar (born October 13, 1947 in Monterey, California, USA), better known as Sammy Hagar (aka The Red Rocker), is an American rock guitarist, singer, and composer. ... April Wine is a Canadian rock band formed in 1969. ... This article is about Ritchie Blackmores band. ... For other uses, see Judas priest (curse). ... Headbangers in action, at DarkLights club Omega in Johannesburg, South Africa Headbanging is a type of dance which involves violently shaking the head in time with music, most commonly heavy metal music. ...


Kay successfully grew The Soundhouse franchise beyond Kingsbury helping to spread the NWOBHM word through “Heavy Metal Crusade” tours with the likes of Saxon and Iron Maiden and warming up the crowds at other London venues such as Camden’s Music Machine. Saxon are a British heavy metal band, formed in 1976 in Barnsley, Yorkshire. ... This article is about the band. ...


In 1980, a disagreement with the brewery led to “The Soundhouse” moving to “The Headstone” public house in North Harrow and subsequently, “The Queen’s Arms” in Harrow and Wealdstone, “The Royal Standard” in Walthamstow and “The Clay Pigeon” in Eastcote which hosted the final Soundhouse night in 1992. The new millennium, however, has seen Kay perform at annual Soundhouse reunion events at “The Rayners” public house in Rayners Lane, near Harrow, although with the closure of this venue in 2006 the organisers are now searching for a suitable alternative venue.


References

  1. ^ Musical origins of NWOBHM. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2007-08-21.
  2. ^ Cultural origins of NWOBHM. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2007-08-21.
  3. ^ Styles related to NWOBHM. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2007-08-21.
  4. ^ New Wave of British Heavy Metal at Allmusic.com. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.

The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a large, comprehensive and high quality metadata database about music. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

A list of bands who pertain to the NWOBHM genre of music. ...

External links

  • The NWOBHM Online Encyclopedia

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