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Encyclopedia > New Thought

The New Thought Movement or New Thought is a loosely allied group of organizations, authors, philosophers, and individuals who share a set of metaphysical beliefs concerning healing, life force, Creative Visualization, and personal power. The New Thought Movement developed in the United States during the mid to late 19th century and continues to the present time. It promotes the ideas that God is all powerful and ubiquitous, spirit is the totality of real things, true human self-hood is divine, divine thought is a force for good, all sickness originates in the mind, and 'right thinking' has a healing effect. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Creative Visualization refers to the practice of seeking to affect the outer world via changing ones thoughts. ...

Contents

History

19th century origins

The earliest identifiable proponent of New Thought was Phineas Parkhurst Quimby(1802-66), an American faith healer, student of Mesmerism, and practitioner of hypnosis, who claimed he could heal by mere suggestion. Quimby developed a belief system that included the tenet that illness originated in the mind as a consequence of erroneous beliefs and that a mind open to God's wisdom could overcome any illness.[1] Phineas Quimby (February 16, 1802 - January 16, 1866) pioneered the theological ideas that led to the development of the New Thought Movement and according to some, though disavowed by its adherents, Christian Science. ... Faith healing is the use of supernatural or spiritual intervention to cure disease. ... Hypnosis, as defined by the American Psychological Association Division of Psychological Hypnosis, is a procedure during which a health professional or researcher suggests that a client, patient, or experimental participant experience changes in sensations, perceptions, thoughts, or behavior. ... For other uses, see Hypnotized (song). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Believe. ... Illness (sometimes referred to as ill-health) can be defined as a state of poor health. ... For other uses, see Mind (disambiguation). ... This article is about the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...


During the late 19th century the metaphysical healing practices of Quimby mingled with the "Mental Science" of Warren Felt Evans, a Swedenborgian minister.[2] Metaphysical may refer to: Metaphysics, a branch of philosophy dealing with the ultimate nature of reality; or The Metaphysical poets, a poetic school from seventeenth century England who correspond with baroque period in European literature. ... Emanuel Swedenborg, 75, holding the manuscript of Apocalypsis Revelata (1766). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      For other types of...


The major organizations that emerged from the New Thought Movement included the Unity Church, Religious Science, and Divine Science.[citation needed] Unity also known officially as Unity School of Christianity and informally as Unity Church, is a school of thought founded upon holistic Christian principles. ... Church of Religious Science Religious Science, also known as Science of Mind, was founded in 1927 by Ernest Holmes (1887–1960) and is a religious movement within the New Thought Movement. ... The Church of Divine Science is a religious group co-founded in the late 19th century by Nona L. Brooks (1861-1945) and her sister Fannie James in Denver, Colorado during the dramatic growth of the New Thought Movement in the United States. ...


20th century diversity

From 1900 through the 1920s, New Thought was popular in all regions of the United States, and spread to other nations as well. New Thought churches and centers began to form, as did New Thought clubs and other organizations. It was during this period that many classic books of the New Thought movement were published, including the financial success and will-training books of Wallace Wattles, Frank Channing Haddock, and Thomas Troward.[citation needed] Wallace D. Wattles Wallace Delois Wattles (1860-1911) was an American New Thought author and a pioneer success writer. ... Frank Channing Haddock (1853-1915) was an influential New Thought and self-help author, best known for his series, // Frank Channing Haddock was born November 17th, 1853 in Watertown, New York. ... Thomas Troward Thomas Troward (1847-1916) authored many books that are considered classics in the area of New Thought, Mind Sciences, and even mystic Christianity. ...


In 1906, William Walker Atkinson (1862 - 1932) wrote and published Thought Vibration or the Law of Attraction in the Thought World. [3] Atkinson was the editor of New Thought magazine, a student of Hinduism, and the author of more than 100 books on an assortment on religious, spiritual, and occult topics. The following year,Elizabeth Towne, the editor of The Nautilus Magazine, a Journal of New Thought, published Bruce MacLelland's book Prosperity Through Thought Force, in which he summarized the "Law of Attraction" as a New Thought principle, stating "You are what you think, not what you think you are." [4] William Walker Atkinson (December 5, 1862 - November 22, 1932) was a very important and influential American figure in the early days of the New Thought Movement. ... Religious is a term with both a technical definition and folk use. ... Look up spiritual in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Occult (disambiguation). ... Elizabeth Towne was the founder and publisher of Nautilus Magazine, a journal of the New Thought Movement. ... Nautilus was a magazine of the New Thought Movement, founded in 1898 by Elizabeth Towne. ...


In 1914, the International New Thought Alliance was formed, encompassing many smaller groups around the world. The alliance is held together by one central teaching: that people, through the constructive use of their minds, can attain freedom, power, health, prosperity, and all good, molding their bodies as well as the circumstances of their lives. The 1915 INTA conference, held in conjunction with the Panama-Pacific International Exposition -- a world's fair that took place in San Francisco -- featured New Thought speakers from far and wide. The PPIE organizers were so favorably impressed by the INTA convention that they declared a special "New Thought Day" at the fair and struck a commemorative bronze medal for the occasion, which was presenting to the INTA delegates, led by Annie Rix Militz.[citation needed] There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Palace of Fine Arts from the Exposition The Panama-Pacific International Exposition was a worlds fair held in San Francisco, California between February 20 and December 4 in 1915. ... Worlds Fair is any of various large expositions held since the mid-19th century. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Belief systems

The chief tenets of New Thought are: [5]

  • Infinite Intelligence or God is omnipotent and omnipresent.
  • Spirit is the ultimate reality.
  • True human self-hood is divine. (Christ Consciousness)
  • Divinely attuned thought is a positive force for good.
  • Most disease is mental in origin.
  • Right thinking has a healing effect.

Higher consciousness, also called super consciousness (Yoga), objective consciousness (Gurdjieff), Buddhic consciousness (Theosophy), cosmic consciousness, God-consciousness (Sufism and Hinduism) and Christ consciousness (New Thought) -to name but a few--are expressions used in various spiritual traditions to denote the consciousness of a human being who has reached a higher... Faith healing is the use of supernatural or spiritual intervention to cure disease. ...

Evolution of thought

Adherents also generally believe that as humankind gains greater understanding of the world, New Thought itself will evolve to assimilate new knowledge. Alan Anderson and Deb Whitehouse have described New Thought as a "process" in which each individual and even the New Thought Movement itself is "new every moment." Thomas McFaul has hypothesized "continuous revelation," with new insights being received by individuals continuously over time. Jean Houston has spoken of the "possible human," or what we are capable of becoming. [6] Jean Houston, Ph. ...


Theological Inclusionism

Home of Truth, which, from its inception as the Pacific Coast Metaphysical Bureau in the 1880s, has disseminated the teachings of the Hindu teacher Swami Vivekananda, is one of the more outspokenly interfaith of New Thought organizations, stating adherence to "the principle that Truth is Truth where ever it is found and who ever is sharing it." [7] This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Swami Vivekananda (Sanskrit: , Svāmi Vivekānanda) (January 12, 1863 – July 4, 1902), whose pre-monastic name was Narendranath Dutta (Bengali: , Nôrendrônath Dôt-tô), was one of the most famous and influential spiritual leaders of the philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga. ...


Therapeutic theories

John Bovee Dods (1795-1862), an early practitioner of New Thought, wrote several books on the theory that disease originates in the electrical impulses of the nervous system and is therefore curable by a change of belief. Later New Thought teachers, such as the early 20th century author, editor, and publisher William Walker Atkinson, delved into this theory as well. Atkinson wrote a number of books on healing and he also developed a theory of personal magnetism and success that outlined a linkage between general electromagnetic phenomena, neural processes, and mental states of being. [8] This article is about the medical term. ... The nervous system is a highly specialized network whose principal components are nerves called neurons. ... William Walker Atkinson (December 5, 1862 - November 22, 1932) was a very important and influential American figure in the early days of the New Thought Movement. ... Electromagnetism is the physics of the electromagnetic field: a field, encompassing all of space, composed of the electric field and the magnetic field. ... The nervous system of an animal coordinates the activity of the muscles, monitors the organs, constructs and processes input from the senses, and initiates actions. ...


Divine Science, Unity Church and Religious Science are organizations which developed from the New Thought movement, which teach that Infinite Intelligence or God is the sole reality, sickness is the result of the failure to realize this truth, and healing is accomplished by the affirmation of the oneness of the human race with the Infinite Intelligence or God.[9][10][11][12] Faith healing is the use of supernatural or spiritual intervention to cure disease. ...


Distinguishing New Thought from other belief systems

New Thought / Christian Science

Both New Thought and Christian Science do place an emphasis on direct healing of the body, but Christian Science developed in a different direction from New Thought and is not considered a New Thought organization. Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of Christian Science, was a disciple and patient of New Thought pioneer Phineas Quimby, but she rejected his healing methods, citing her belief that healing came from the power of the Christian God, not the mind.[13] Mary Baker Eddy (born Mary Morse Baker July 16, 1821 – December 3, 1910) founded the Church of Christ, Scientist in 1879 and was the author of its fundamental doctrinal textbook, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. ... Christian Science is a religious teaching regarding the efficacy of spiritual healing according to the interpretation of the Bible by Mary Baker Eddy, in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (first published in 1875). ...


New Thought / Christianity

Not all New Thought organizations consider themselves to be Christian (Seicho-No-Ie for example) but the Unity School of Christianity quite obviously does. Many traditional Christian writers have raised criticism aimed at Unity concerning matters of how Unity interprets the Bible[14]. Seicho-No-Ie is a syncretic, monotheistic religion of Japanese origin. ... Unity also known officially as Unity School of Christianity and informally as Unity Church, is a school of thought founded upon holistic Christian principles. ...


Differences between various New Thought teachings

Unity / Religious Science

The two largest New Thought teachings are Religious Science and Unity School of Christianity.[Quotation needed from source] Ernest Holmes, the founder of Religious Science, stated that Religious Science/Science of Mind (RS/SOM) is not based on any "authority" of established beliefs, but rather on "what it can accomplish" for the people who practice it. [15] It therefore differs from the philosophy of another New Thought organization, Unity School of Christianity, in that it does not embrace any single traditional religion. It does, however, incorporate selected aspects of numerous traditional teachings. [16] Church of Religious Science Religious Science, also known as Science of Mind, was founded in 1927 by Ernest Holmes (1887–1960) and is a religious movement within the New Thought Movement. ... Unity also known officially as Unity School of Christianity and informally as Unity Church, is a school of thought founded upon holistic Christian principles. ... Ernest Shurtleff Holmes (1887-1960) was the founder of a movement known as Religious Science, also known as Science of Mind, a part of the New Thought Movement. ...


See also

. ... . ... For other uses, see: Laws of attraction (science, historical); Laws of Attraction (movie) The phrase Law of Attraction has been used by many esoteric writers, although the actual definition varies greatly. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Phineas Parkhurt Quimby at MSN Encarta. Retrieved Nov. 16, 2007.
  2. ^ New Thought entry, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, at Bartleby.com. Retrieved Nov. 16, 2007.
  3. ^ William Walker Atkinson. Thought Vibration or the Law of Attraction. Advanced Thought Publishing. 1906. Full text public domain version online.
  4. ^ MacLelland, Bruce, Prosperity Through Thought Force, Elizabeth Towne, 1907
  5. ^ New Thought at MSN Encarta. Retrieved Nov. 16, 2007.
  6. ^ Houston, Jean. The Possible Human. 1997.
  7. ^ Home of Truth home page. Retrieved Sep. 20, 2007
  8. ^ Dumont, Theron, Q. [pseudonym of William Walker Atkinson. Mental Therapeutics, or Just How to Heal Oneself and Others. Advanced Thought Publishing Co. Chicago. 1916.
  9. ^ New Thought at MSN Encarta. Retrieved Nov 16, 2007.
  10. ^ Official website of Divine Science. Retrieved Nov 16, 2007.
  11. ^ Official web site of Unity Church. Retrieved Nov 16, 2007.
  12. ^ Official web site of Religious Science International. Retrieved Nov 16, 2007.
  13. ^ Mary Baker Eddy at MSN Encarta. Retrieved Nov. 16, 2007.
  14. ^ Vahle, Neal (1993). Open at the top: The life of Ernest Holmes, Open View Press, 190 pages, Chapter 16.
  15. ^ Vahle, Neal (1993). Open at the top: The life of Ernest Holmes, Open View Press, 190 pages, p7.
  16. ^ Holmes, Ernest (1926) The Science of Mind ISBN 0874778654, pp. 327-346 "What the Mystics Have Taught".

William Walker Atkinson (December 5, 1862 - November 22, 1932) was a very important and influential American figure in the early days of the New Thought Movement. ...

Further reading

  • Anderson, Alan and Deb Whitehouse. New Thought: A Practical American Spirituality. 2003.
  • Braden, Charles. Spirits in Rebellion.
  • Gold, August and Joel Fortinos. The Prayer Chest. Doubleday. 2007) ISBN 0-385-52349-1
  • Judah, J. Stillson. The History and Philosophy of the Metaphysical Movements in America. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press. 1967. Review by Neil Duddy.
  • McFaul, Thomas R. Religion in the Future Global Civilization printed in The Futurist magazine. September-October 2006.
  • White, Ronald M. New Thought Influences on Father Divine (Masters Thesis, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. 1980. Abstract

External links

William Walker Atkinson (December 5, 1862 - November 22, 1932) was a very important and influential American figure in the early days of the New Thought Movement. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Religious Movements Homepage: New Thought Movement (2964 words)
New Thought, and the related movement, Christian Science, were based on the integration of the more traditional Christian ideas with nineteenth century metaphysical traditions.
ANTN focuses on the expression of the philosophy of New Thought.
This is the webpage for the loose congregation of New Thought denominations.
New Thought Movement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1116 words)
New Thought religions are a panentheistic belief system, and are often considered more philosophy than religion by adherents.
New Thought holds that an immanent presence, often referred to as Mind, Universal Presence, Life, along with other terms that attempt not to limit the definition or experience of God, is the primary basis of all interconnected reality, personal and transcendent.
New Thought churches often avoid dogmatic pronouncements about the afterlife or other theological questions, and vary significantly in the degree to which they may or may not associate themselves with Christianity or other major world religions.
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