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Encyclopedia > New Territories
New Territories
Chinese: 新界
Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin: Xīnjiè
Cantonese
Jyutping: san1 gaai3
Yale: sān gai
A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories.
A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories.
18 districts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; those numbered 1 to 9 are the new territories
18 districts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; those numbered 1 to 9 are the new territories

New Territories is a region in Hong Kong, China. It comprises the area north of the Kowloon peninsula and south of the Sham Chun River (Shenzhen River) which is the border between Hong Kong and mainland China, as well as most of Hong Kong's outlying islands including Lantau Island, Lamma Island, Cheung Chau, and Peng Chau. The New Territories were leased from Qing China to Britain in 1898 for 99 years in the Second Convention of Peking (The Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory). Its population in 2001 was 3,343,046. Standard Mandarin is the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Singapore. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Standard Cantonese is a variant, and is generally considered the prestige dialect of Cantonese Chinese. ... Jyutping (sometimes spelled Jyutpin) is a romanization system for Standard Cantonese developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK) in 1993. ... The Yale romanizations are four systems created during World War II for use by United States military personnel. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2348 KB) Summary Junction of Kwong Fuk Road and Kwong Fuk Street near Tai Wo Town, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2348 KB) Summary Junction of Kwong Fuk Road and Kwong Fuk Street near Tai Wo Town, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong. ... Junction of Kwong Fuk Road and Kwong Fuk Street, Tai Po For the district in Hong Kong, see Tai Po District. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1454x1083, 216 KB) Map drawn by Jerry Crimson Mann Image history at en: 08:30, 22 July 2005 . ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1454x1083, 216 KB) Map drawn by Jerry Crimson Mann Image history at en: 08:30, 22 July 2005 . ... The Kowloon Peninsula, commonly referred to as Kowloon, is a peninsula, in the south of the mainland part of the Hong Kong territory. ... Sham Chun River (also Shenzhen River, Shenzhen He) (Chinese: 深圳河; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: sam1 zan3 ho4; Hanyu Pinyin: Shēnzhèn Hé), together with the Sha Tau Kok River, serves as the natural border between Hong Kong and mainland China. ... The highlighted area in the map is what is commonly known as mainland China. Mainland China (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: is a geopolitical term which is usually synonymous with the area currently administered by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC); however, it excludes the two special administrative regions... Map of Lantau Island, Hong Kong Lantau Island (based on the local old name of Lantau Peak 爛頭 Làntóu, Ragged Head; 大嶼山/大屿山 pinyin: DàyÇ” shān, Cantonese: Tai yue shan, Big Island Mountain), also Lantao, is the largest island in Hong Kong, located at the mouth of the Pearl... Sok Kwu Wan, Lamma Island Lamma Island Power Station and Hung Shing Yeh beach Lamma Island (Chinese: 南丫島), also known as Pok Liu Chau (博寮洲) or simply Pok Liu (博寮), is the third largest island in Hong Kong and part of the Islands District, Hong Kong. ... Cheung Chau (Traditional Chinese: ; lit. ... Peng Chau (坪洲 in pinyin: Píngzhōu; in Jyutping: ping4 zau1; literal meaning: Flat Islet) is a small island located off the north-eastern coast of Lantau Island. ... The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun; Mongolian: Манж Чин), occasionally known as the Manchu Dynasty, was the ruling dynasty of China from 1644 to 1912. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory (aka. ...

Contents

History

Lease of New Territories

Hong Kong Island was ceded to Britain in 1841 and Kowloon south of Boundary Street and Stonecutters Island in 1860. The colony of Hong Kong attracted a large number of Chinese and Westerners to seek their fortune in the city. Its population increased rapidly and the city became over crowded. The outbreak of bubonic plague in 1894 became a concern to the Hong Kong Government. There was a need to expand the colony to accommodate its growing population. Qing China's defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War has shown that it was incapable of defending itself. Victoria City and Victoria Harbour were vulnerable to any hostile forces launching attacks from the hills of Kowloon. The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (Traditional Chinese: 香港島; Simplified Chinese: 香港岛; Cantonese Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 dou2; Mandarin Pinyin: Xiānggǎngdǎo) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and... Stonecutters Island or Ngong Shuen Chau (Chinese: 昂船洲) is a former island in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong. ... Bubonic plague is the best-known variant of the deadly infectious disease plague, which is caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. ... On July 1, 1997, the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) resumed its exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, ending more than 150 years of British colonial control. ... Combatants Qing Empire (China) Empire of Japan Commanders Li Hongzhang Yamagata Aritomo Strength 630,000 men Beiyang Army, Beiyang Fleet 240,000 men Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Navy Casualties 35,000 dead or wounded 13,823 dead, 3,973 wounded The First Sino–Japanese War (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Japanese... Hong Kong became a British colony in 1842. ... Victoria Harbour The night view of the Victoria Harbour with the skyscrapers in Central behind, viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui Victoria Harbour (Traditional Chinese: 維多利亞港; Simplified Chinese: 维多利亚港; Cantonese Jyutping: wai4 do1 lei6 aa3 gong2; Mandarin Pinyin: Wéiduōlìyà Gǎng) is the harbour between the Kowloon Peninsula and the...


In January 1898, Germany was given a lease of Jiaozhouwan (Kiaochow) following the murder of two German missionaries by bandits in Shandong (Shantung) province. Seeking to expand its own influence in northeastern China, Russia demanded Port Arthur (Lüshunkou) in the nearby Liaodong (Liaotung) peninsula in March 1898. One month later, France was granted a lease for Guangzhouwan (Kwang-Chou-Wan) in Guangdong (Kwangtung), close to its existing colonies in Southeast Asia. The Jiaozhou Bay (, ) was a 552km² German colonial Concession, which existed from 1898 to 1914. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... Location within China Lüshun city or Lüshunkou or (literally) Lüshun Port (Simplified Chinese: 旅顺口; Traditional Chinese: 旅順口; Pinyin: , formerly in historic references both Port Arthur and Ryojun, is a town in the southernmost administrative district of Dalian of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Liaodong Peninsula (sim. ... Kwang-Chou-Wan (廣州灣), or Kwangchowan, was a small enclave on the south coast of China conceded by China to France as a leased territory. ... Guangdong, often spelt as Kwangtung, is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... French Indochina (French: LIndochine française, Vietnamese: Đông DÆ°Æ¡ng thuá»™c Pháp) was the part of the French colonial empire in Indochina in southeast Asia, consisting of a federation of protectorates (Tonkin and Annam, which now form Vietnam, as well as Cambodia and Laos) and one directly...


Alarmed by European encroachment in China, Britain also feared for the security of Hong Kong. Using the most favoured nation clause that it had negotiated with Peking, the United Kingdom demanded the extension of Kowloon to counter the influence of France in southern China in June 1898. In July, it secured Weihaiwei in Shandong in the north as a base for operations against the Germans in Qingdao (Tsingtao) and the Russians in Port Arthur. Chinese officials stayed in the wall cities of Kowloon City and Weihaiwei. Most favoured nation (MFN), also called normal trade relations in the United States, is a status accorded by one nation to another in international trade. ... Weihai (威海; pinyin: wēihǎi, also Weihaiwei) is a seaport city on the Bohai Gulf in north-east Shandong province, China. ... (Simplified Chinese: 青岛; Traditional Chinese: 青島; pinyin: QÄ«ngdÇŽo; Wade-Giles: Ching-tao), well-known to the West by its Postal System Pinyin transliteration Tsingtao, is a sub-provincial city in eastern Shandong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Kowloon Walled City before its demolition. ...


The extension of Kowloon was called the New Territories. The additional land was estimated to be 365 square miles or 12 times the size of the existing Colonial Hong Kong at the time[1]. In modern usage, however, the New Territories often exclude New Kowloon, which was leased out as part of the New Territories but is now an integral part of the Kowloon urban area. Flag of colonial Hong Kong, a Blue Ensign with the colonys coat of arms. ... New Kowloon (Chinese: 新九龍; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: san1 gau2 lung4, Mandarin Pinyin: Xīn Jiǔlóng) is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Tates Cairn and Kowloon Peak. ... In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and...


British assumption of sovereignty

Although the Convention signed on the 9 June 1898 and became effective on 1 July, the British did not take the New Territories immediately. During this period, there was no Hong Kong Governor and Wilsone Black acted as administrator. Steward Lockhart, the Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong, was sent back from England to make a survey of New Territories before formal transfer. The new frontier at Sham Chun River (Shenzhen river) suggested by Wilsone Black was found to be far from ideal in the survey. It excluded the town of Shenzhen (Sham Chun) and the boundary would divide the town. There was no mountain range as a natural border. Lockhard suggested moving the frontier to the line of hills north of Shenzhen. This suggestion was not received favorably and the Chinese official suggested the frontier be moved to the hill much further south of the Sham Chun River. Ultimately the boundary remained at the Sham Chun River and settled in March 1899. 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... The Governor of Hong Kong was a British official who ruled Hong Kong during the colonial period between 1841 and 1997 and was ex officio Commander-in-Chief and Vice-Admiral of Hong Kong. ... Major-General Wilsone Black was a British soldier and colonial administrator, who became an Acting Administrator in Hong Kong for a period between February to November of 1898. ... Sir James Haldane Stewart Lockhart,K.C.M.G (K.W.C. 1868-72) (Scottish: 駱克, 1858–1937) British colonial official in Hong Kong and China for more than 40 years. ... The Chief Secretary for Administration (政務司司長), commonly known as Chief Secretary and abbreviated as CS, is the second highest position of Hong Kong Government. ... Shenzhen (Sham Chun or Shamchun in old documents) is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China, located at the border with the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ...


The new Hong Kong Governor Henry Blake arrived in November 1898. A takeover date was chosen as 17 April 1899 and Tai Po was chosen as the administrative centre. However the transfer was not smooth and peaceful. Before the handover in early April, Captain Superintendent of Police, Francis Henry May and some policemen erected a flagstaff and temporary headquarters at Tai Po and posted the Governor's proclamation of the takeover date. See also Henry Arthur Blake. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... Junction of Kwong Fuk Road and Kwong Fuk Street, Tai Po For the district in Hong Kong, see Tai Po District. ... Sir Francis Henry May (1860 - 1922) was a British colonial administrator. ...


New town development

Much of the New Territories were, and to a limited extent still are, rural areas. Attempts at modernising the area were not extensive until the late 1970s, in which many new towns were built to accommodate the overspill from the urbanized areas of Kowloon and Hong Kong Island. Despite rapid development of the new towns which has resulted in a population of over 3 million, the Hong Kong Government confines built-up areas to a few areas and reserves large parts of the region as parkland. 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and... On July 1, 1997, the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) resumed its exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, ending more than 150 years of British colonial control. ...


Sovereignty transfer to PRC

As the expiration date of the lease neared in the 1980s, talks between the United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China led to the signing of the Sino-British Joint Declaration (1984), in which the whole of Hong Kong would be returned, instead of only the New Territories. This is because Hong Kong's new airport, shipping ports, reservoirs and other vital installations were (and are) all in the New Territories. Had only the New Territories been returned to China, it would also have been difficult to accommodate those New Territories residents moving to the Kowloon Peninsula and Hong Kong Island. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Sino-British Joint Declaration, formally known as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Peoples Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong, was signed by the Prime Ministers of the Peoples... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Kowloon Peninsula, commonly referred to as Kowloon, is a peninsula, in the south of the mainland part of the Hong Kong territory. ... The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (Traditional Chinese: 香港島; Simplified Chinese: 香港岛; Cantonese Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 dou2; Mandarin Pinyin: Xiānggǎngdǎo) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory...


Districts

The New Territories comprise the following districts: The territory of Hong Kong is divided in 18 administrative districts (Population as of 2000) Hong Kong Island Central and Western (274,400) Eastern (620,800) Southern (282,400) Wan Chai (190,300) Kowloon (New Kowloon included) Kowloon City (406,000) Kwun Tong (564,700) Sham Shui Po (372,200...

New Kowloon covers the entirety of the Wong Tai Sin and Kwun Tong districts, as well as the mainland portion of the Sham Shui Po District (i.e. excluding the Stonecutters Island) and the northern portion of the Kowloon City District (portion to the north of the Boundary Street, as well as reclaimed land including the Kai Tak Airport). Kwai Tsing (葵青) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Kwai Chung (Chinese: 葵涌; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: kwai4 cung1; Mandarin Pinyin: kuí chōng) is an area in the New Territories of Hong Kong. ... Tsing Yi (青衣), or Tsing Yi Island (青衣島) is an island of Hong Kong, to the northwest of Hong Kong Island. ... North District (北區) is the northernmost district of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Sai Kung (西貢; pinyin: Xi1gong4; Cantonese: sai1 gung3) is the second-largest of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... District slogan: none Location within Hong Kong S.A.R. (Click here for satellite image) District Council Chairman WAI Kwok-hung, JP Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 60 km² km² km² Population   â€“Total (2001)   â€“Density > 600,000 /km² Latitude Longitude 22°39 N 114°21 E Official website: Sha Tin District Council... Location within the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region ([ Click here for satellite image]) District Council Chairman Cheng Chun-ping, JP Constituencies 19 Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 148. ... Tsuen Wan (荃灣區) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... For a town in Hong Kong, see Tuen Mun. ... Yuen Long District (元朗區, Jyutping: jyun4 long5, pinyin: YuánlÇŽng, used to be known as Un Long), is one of the districts of Hong Kong located in the northwest of the New Territories. ... New Kowloon (Chinese: 新九龍; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: san1 gau2 lung4, Mandarin Pinyin: XÄ«n JiÇ”lóng) is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Tates Cairn and Kowloon Peak. ... Wong Tai Sin (黃大仙; Pinyin Huang2da4xian1) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Kwun Tong (觀塘區; Jyutping: gwun1 tong4 keoi1; Cantonese IPA: ) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Sham Shui Po District (深水埗區) is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Stonecutters Island or Ngong Shuen Chau (Chinese: 昂船洲) is a former island in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong. ... Kowloon City (Chinese: 九龍城; pinyin: ; Cantonese IPA:; Jyutping: gau2 lung4 sing4) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Boundary Street (Chinese: 界限街; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping gaai3 haan6 gaai1; Mandarin Pinyin: Jiè Xiàn Jiê) is a three-lane one-way street in Kowloon, Hong Kong. ... Kai Tak Airport was the popular name and former site of the international airport of Hong Kong until 1998-07-06, when Hong Kong International Airport was moved to new facilities at Chek Lap Kok. ...


See also

Boundary Street (Chinese: 界限街; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping gaai3 haan6 gaai1; Mandarin Pinyin: Jiè Xiàn Jiê) is a three-lane one-way street in Kowloon, Hong Kong. ... Although Hong Kong is regarded as one of the worlds great cities, out of the total 1,092 km² of land, about three-quarters is countryside. ... The Kowloon Peninsula, commonly referred to as Kowloon, is a peninsula, in the south of the mainland part of the Hong Kong territory. ... The following is a list of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong: List of the 18 districts of Hong Kong, with a partial list of their sub-areas and streets Hong Kong Island Central and Western Central Admiralty Kennedy Town Mid-levels Sai Ying Pun Shek Tong Tsui Sheung... New Kowloon (Chinese: 新九龍; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: san1 gau2 lung4, Mandarin Pinyin: Xīn Jiǔlóng) is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Tates Cairn and Kowloon Peak. ...

External links

  • Lease of the New Territories
  • Lease of the New Territories
  • Cap 1 Sched 5A - Area of the New Territories

References

  1. ^ Wiltshire, Trea. [First published 1987] (republished & reduced2003). Old Hong Kong - Volume One. Central, Hong Kong: Text Form Asia books Ltd. Page 75. ISBN Volume One 962-7283-59-2

Further reading

  • Lee Ho Yin and Lynne D. DiStefano, A Tale of Two Villages: The Story of Changing Village Life in the New Territories (Hong Kong: Oxford University Press), 2002.


Districts of Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong
Hong Kong Island: Central and Western | Eastern | Southern | Wan Chai
Kowloon (including New Kowloon): Kowloon City | Kwun Tong | Sham Shui Po | Wong Tai Sin | Yau Tsim Mong
New Territories: Islands | Kwai Tsing | North | Sai Kung | Sha Tin | Tai Po | Tsuen Wan | Tuen Mun | Yuen Long

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