The Neue Synagoge (German: New Synagogue) is a large synagogue in Berlin. It was inaugurated in the presence of Bismarck in 1866. It was designed by the gentile architect Eduard Knoblauch (1801-1865). The building was damaged in Kristallnacht (9-10 November1938) when the Nazis began their assault on the Jewish community. The building was subsequently gutted by allied bombing during World War 2. It has since then been restored. A synagogue or synagog (from Greek ÏÏ Î½Î±Î³ÏÎ³Î·, transliterated sunagoge, place of assembly literally meeting, assembly) is a Jewish house of prayer and study. ... Berlin? (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,426,000 inhabitants (as of January 2005); down from 4. ... Prince Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck-SchÃ¶nhausen, Duke of Lauenburg (April 1, 1815 â July 30, 1898) was one of the most prominent European aristocrats and statesmen of the nineteenth century. ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht and in English as The Night of Broken Glass, was a massive nationwide pogrom in Germany and Austria on the night of November 9, 1938 (including early hours of the following day). ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ...
The synagogue building is classical in style and was inspired by a very similar building in Richmond, Virginia in the U.S.A. and linked in many ways to the original Melbourne synagogue that functioned in Bourke Street.
This synagogue is a central structure with a magnificent facade containing a portico of four columns holding a gable.
The synagogue itself is in the form of a rotunda crowned by a huge central dome.
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