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Encyclopedia > New Sweden
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New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River on the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. It was centered at Fort Christina, now in Wilmington, Delaware, and included parts of the present-day American states of Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The settlement was founded March 29, 1638, and was incorporated into Dutch New Netherland on September 15, 1655. Along with Swedes, a large number of the settlers were Finnish and Dutch. Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Jersey. ... The written history of New Jersey began with the exploration of the Jersey Coast by Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524, though the region had been settled for millennia by Native Americans. ... The written history of New Jersey began with the exploration of the Jersey Coast by Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524, though the region had been settled for millennia by Native Americans. ... Main article: History of New Jersey The colonial history of New Jersey began in 1609 with the discovery of Cape May by Sir Henry Hudson. ... Main article: History of New Jersey As the location of many major battles, New Jersey was pivotal in the American Revolution and the ultimate victory of the American colonists. ... Main article: History of New Jersey New Jersey in the Nineteenth Century lead the United States into the Industrial Revolution. ... Main article: History of New Jersey New Jersey in the Twentieth Century under went many changes through the century. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with History of New Jersey. ... Territories in the Americas colonized or claimed by a European great power in 1750. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... British colonization of the Americas (including colonization under the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union) began in the late 16th century, before reaching its peak after colonies were established in North, Central and South America and in the Caribbean, and a protectorate was established in Hawaii. ... The Duchy of Courland was the smallest nation to colonize the Americas with a short-lived colony in Tobago during the 1654–1659, and again 1660–1689. ... Denmark had a colonial empire from the 18th century until the 20th. ... During the 17th century, Dutch traders established trade posts and plantations throughout the Americas; actual colonization, with Dutch settling in the new lands was not as common as with settlements of other European nations. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In this map of German colonies, yellow marks Klein-Venedig and red the Prussia colonies, some of them in the Caribbean. ... Replica of Pedro Alvares Cabrals ship Anunciação, in the city of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... After the discovery of northern Alaska by Ivan Fedorov in 1732, and the Aleutian Islands, southern Alaska, and north-western shores of North America in 1741 during the Russian exploration conducted by Vitus Bering and Aleksei Chirikov, it took fifty years until the founding of the first Russian colony in... Scottish colonization of the Americas consisted of a number of failed or abandoned settlements in North America, a colony at Darien, Panama and a number of wholly or largely Scottish settlements made as part of Great Britain. ... The Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Western Hemisphere of Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón) in 1492. ... The Swedish colonization of the Americas consisted of a 17th century settlement on the Delaware River in Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, and possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th century. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Welsh colonization of the Americas began in the 19th century. ... Decolonization of the Americas refers to the process by which the countries in North America and South America gained their independence. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... The Mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America, located in the northeastern section of the country, includes the following states and district: Delaware Maryland New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Washington, D.C. West Virginia Virginia These areas provided the young United States with heavy industry and served as... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Fort Christina was the first Swedish settlement in North America and the principal settlement of the New Sweden colony. ... : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (89th in leap years). ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Map based on Adriaen Blocks 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ...

Contents

History

New Sweden ca. 1650.
New Sweden ca. 1650.
The Swedish flag and war ensign, version used until the mid-1600s.
The Swedish flag and war ensign, version used until the mid-1600s.

By the middle of the 17th century, the Realm of Sweden had reached its greatest territorial extent and was one of the great powers of Europe. Sweden then included Finland along with parts of modern Russia, Poland, Germany, Estonia, Latvia, and Norway. The Swedes sought to expand their influence by creating an agricultural (tobacco) and fur-trading colony to bypass French and British merchants. The New Sweden Company was chartered and included Swedish, Dutch and German stockholders. Image File history File links Nya_Sverige. ... Image File history File links Nya_Sverige. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... State flag and civil ensign of Sweden. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Realm of Sweden or Svenska väldet is a term that historically was used to comprise all the territories under the control of the Swedish monarchs. ... New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River on the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. ...


The first Swedish expedition to North America embarked from the port of Gothenburg in late 1637. It was organized and overseen by Admiral Clas Fleming, a Finn. A Dutchman, Samuel Blommaert, assisted the fitting-out and appointed Peter Minuit to lead the expedition. Location of Gothenburg in northern Europe Coordinates: Country Sweden County Västra Götaland County Province Västergötland Charter 1621 Government  - Mayor Göran Johansson Area  - City 450 km²  (174 sq mi)  - Water 14. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... Samuel Blommaert was an Amsterdam merchant of the 17th century. ... Peter Minuit Peter Minuit (1589–August 5, 1638) was a Walloon from Wesel, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, then part of the Duchy of Cleves. ...


The members of the expedition, aboard the ships Fogel Grip and Kalmar Nyckel, sailed into Delaware Bay, which lay within the territory claimed by the Dutch, passing Cape May and Cape Henlopen in late March 1638, and anchored at a rocky point on the Minquas Kill that is known today as Swedes' Landing. They built a fort on the present site of the city of Wilmington (The Landing of Swedes and Finns), which they named Fort Christina, after Queen Christina of Sweden. In the following years, some 600 Swedes and Finns (and also a number of Dutchmen and Germans in Swedish service) settled in the area. In actual fact, the settlement constituted an invasion of New Netherland, since the river and the land in question had previously been explored and claimed for that colony. The Kalmar Nyckel (Key of Kalmar) was a Swedish pinnace built in 1620 which carried the settlers of the colony of New Sweden to the area that is now Wilmington, Delaware. ... Delaware Bay Delaware Bay is a large esturarial inlet of the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Delaware River along the coast of the United States. ... The Cape May Point Beach, NJ Cape May is the northern cape of Delaware Bay along the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... Cape Henlopen from space, October 1994 Cape Henlopen is the southern cape of the Delaware Bay along the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... Swedes Landing is the warehouse road found along the Minquas Kill in Wilmington, Delaware that is closest to the Delaware River. ... : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... Fort Christina was the first Swedish settlement in North America and the principal settlement of the New Sweden colony. ... Christina (Kristina) (December 8, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... The Dutch are the native inhabitants of the Netherlands. ... Map based on Adriaen Blocks 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. ...

Founding of Wilmington.

Peter Minuit was to become the first governor of the newly established colony of New Sweden. Having been the Director of the Dutch West India Company, and the predecessor of then-Director William Kieft, Minuit knew the status of the lands on either side of the Delaware River at that time. He knew that the Dutch had established deeds for the lands east of the river (New Jersey), but not for the lands to the west (Maryland, Delaware, and Pennsylvania). Minuit made good on his appointment by landing on the west bank of the river, gathered the chiefs of the local Native American Tribes, held a conclave in his cabin on the Kalmar Nyckel, and persuaded them to sign some deeds he had prepared for the purpose to solve any issue with the Dutch. The segment of land he purchased from the Chiefs included the land on the west side of the South River from just below the Schuylkill; in other words, today's Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, southeast Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland. founding of wilmington, delaware, 1638 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... founding of wilmington, delaware, 1638 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Peter Minuit Peter Minuit (1589–August 5, 1638) was a Walloon from Wesel, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, then part of the Duchy of Cleves. ... Willem Kieft (1597-1647) was a Dutch merchant and director general of New Netherland (of which New Amsterdam, later New York City, was the primary settlement), from 1638 until 1647. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The Schuylkill River, pronounced SKOO-kull (IPA: ), is a river in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ...


Director Kieft objected to the landing of the Swedes, but Minuit ignored his missive because he knew that the Dutch were militarily impotent at the moment. Minuit finished Fort Christina during 1638, then departed to return to Stockholm for a second load, and made a side trip to the Caribbean to pick up a shipment of tobacco for resale in Europe to make the voyage profitable. Minuit died while on this voyage during a hurricane at St. Christopher in the Caribbean. Thus, the official duties of the first governor of New Sweden were carried out by Lieutenant (then raised to the rank of Captain) Måns Nilsson Kling, a Finn, until the next governor was chosen and brought in from the mainland Sweden, two years later. [1] Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Stockholm [, ] is the capital and the largest City of Sweden. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... Country Saint Kitts and Nevis Archipelago Leeward Islands Region Caribbean Area 65 sq. ... MÃ¥ns Nilsson Kling was the second governor of the 17th century New Sweden settlement, which was administrated from Fort Christina, now Wilmington, Delaware, in the United States. ...

The relative location of the New Netherland and New Sweden in eastern North America.
The relative location of the New Netherland and New Sweden in eastern North America.

In 1643 the company expanded along the river from Fort Christina, and established Fort Nya Elfsborg on the north bank near present-day Salem, New Jersey. In May 1654, the Dutch Fort Casimir was captured by soldiers from the New Sweden colony led by governor Johan Rising. The fort was taken without a fight because its garrison had no gunpowder, and the fort was renamed Fort Trinity. As reprisal, the Dutch — led by governor Peter Stuyvesant — moved an army to the Delaware River in the late summer of 1655, leading to the immediate surrender of Fort Trinity and Fort Christina. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (420x640, 9 KB) Summary Map of New-Nederland and New-Sweden ca. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (420x640, 9 KB) Summary Map of New-Nederland and New-Sweden ca. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Fort Nya Elfsborg was a Swedish settlement in North America and part of the New Sweden colony. ... The City of Salem highlighted in Salem County. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Fort Casimir was a Dutch settlement in New Netherland, located in what is now New Castle County, Delaware. ... Johan Rising was the last governor of the Swedish colony of New Sweden in Delaware. ... Peter Stuyvesant circa 1660 Peter Stuyvesant (circa 1600 – August 1672) served as the last Dutch Director-General of the colony of New Netherland from 1647 until it was ceded provisionally to the English in 1664. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ...


The Swedish and Finnish settlers continued to enjoy a degree of local autonomy, having their own militia, religion, court, and lands.


This status lasted officially until the English conquest of the New Netherland colony, in October 1664, and continued unofficially until the area was included in William Penn's charter for Pennsylvania, in 1682. During this later period some immigration and expansion continued. The first settlement and Fort Wicaco were built on the present site of Philadelphia in 1669. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... William Penn William Penn (October 14, 1644 – July 30, 1718) founded the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony that became the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ...


The historian H. A. Barton has suggested that the greatest significance of New Sweden was the strong and long-lasting interest in North America that the colony generated in Sweden.[2] America was seen as the standard-bearer of enlightenment and freedom, and became the ideal of liberal Swedes. Admiration for America was combined with the notion of a past Swedish Golden Age, whose ancient Nordic ideals had supposedly been corrupted by foreign influences. Recovering the purity of these timeless values in the New World was a fundamental theme of Swedish, and later Swedish-American, discussion of America. Since the imaginary Golden Age answered to shifting needs and ideals, the "timeless values" varied over time, and so did the Swedish idea of the new land. In the 17th and 18th centuries, North America stood for the rights of conscience and religious freedom. In the political turmoil of 19th-century Europe, the focus of interest shifted to American respect for honest toil and to the virtues of republican government. In the early 20th century, the Swedish-American dream even embraced the Welfare State ideal of a society responsible for the well-being of all its citizens. By contrast, America became later in the 20th century the symbol and dream of ultimate individualism. Look up Enlightenment in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Nordic countries (Greenland not shown) The Nordic countries is a term used collectively for five countries in Northern Europe. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... Conscience is a faculty or sense that leads to feelings of remorse when we do things that go against our moral values, or which informs our moral judgment before performing such an action. ... Freedom of religion is the individuals right or freedom to hold whatever religious beliefs he or she wishes, or none at all. ... in particular, for the archaizing senses of republic, as a translation of politeia or res publica Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A republic is a form of government maintained by a state or country whose sovereignty is based on popular consent and whose... There are three main interpretations of the idea of a welfare state: the provision of welfare services by the state. ... Individualism is a term used to describe a moral, political, or social outlook that stresses human independence and the importance of individual self-reliance and liberty. ...


A massive Swedish immigration to the United States was not to emerge until 1870-1910, most notably to Minnesota, with a total of over a million Swedes and Finns moving. With the exceptions of Ireland and Norway, no other European country has had a higher percentage of its population move to North America. Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ...


List of governors

All Governors lived at Fort Christina, except Johan Björnsson Printz who lived at Fort New Gothenborg. Fort Christina was the first Swedish settlement in North America and the principal settlement of the New Sweden colony. ... Johan Printz, Governor of New Sweden Johan Björnsson Printz (1592-1663) was governor from 1643 until 1653 of the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware River in North America. ...

Peter Minuit Peter Minuit (1589–August 5, 1638) was a Walloon from Wesel, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, then part of the Duchy of Cleves. ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (89th in leap years). ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Måns Nilsson Kling was the second governor of the 17th century New Sweden settlement, which was administrated from Fort Christina, now Wilmington, Delaware, in the United States. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Johan Printz, Governor of New Sweden Johan Björnsson Printz (1592-1663) was governor from 1643 until 1653 of the Swedish colony of New Sweden on the Delaware River in North America. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Johan Rising was the last governor of the Swedish colony of New Sweden in Delaware. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ...

Forts

Fort Christina was the first Swedish settlement in North America and the principal settlement of the New Sweden colony. ... : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Fort Nya Elfsborg was a Swedish settlement in North America and part of the New Sweden colony. ... Fort Casimir was a Dutch settlement in New Netherland, located in what is now New Castle County, Delaware. ... Old New Castle Courthouse. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ...

Permanent settlements

Trainer is a borough located in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. ... Chester is a city in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, population 36,854 at the 2000 census. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Chester is a city in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, population 36,854 at the 2000 census. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Eddystone is a borough located in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. ... Tinicum Township is a census-designated place and township located in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. ... Yeadon is a borough in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. ... West Philadelphia is a section of the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ... : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ... : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ... : Chemical Capital of the World , Corporate Capital of the World , Credit Card Capital of the World : A Place to Be Somebody United States Delaware New Castle 17. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq mi (6,452 km²)  - Width 30 miles (48 km)  - Length 100 miles (161 km)  - % water 21. ... Darby is a borough in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, 5 miles (8 km) southwest of Philadelphia and on Darby Creek. ...

Rivers and creeks

For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... The Schuylkill River, pronounced SKOO-kull (IPA: ), is a river in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... The Christina River (formerly the Christiana River) is a tributary of the Delaware River, approximately 35 mi (56 km) long, in the U.S. states of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware. ... Brandywine Creek (also called the Brandywine River) is a tributary of the Christina River, approximately 20 mi (32 km) long, in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware in the United States. ...

References

  • Weslager, C.A. (1990). A Man and his Ship, Peter Minuet and the Kalmar Nyckel. Kalmar Nyckel Foundation, Wilmington. ISBN 0-9625563-1-9. 
  • Shorto, Russell (2004). The Island at the Center of the World. Doubleday, New York. ISBN 0-385-50349-0. 
  • Weslager, C. A. (1988). New Sweden on the Delaware 1638-1655. The Middle Atlantic Press, Wilmington. ISBN 0-912608-65-X. 
  • Weslager, C. A. (1987). The Swedes and Dutch at New Castle. The Middle Atlantic Press, Wilmington. ISBN 0-912608-50-1. 
  • Munroe, John A. (1977). Colonial Delaware. Delaware Heritage Press, Wilmington. 
  • Johnson, Amandus (1927). The Swedes on the Delaware. International Printing Company, Philadelphia. 
  1. ^ Shorto, Russell, The Island at the Center of the World, Part II; Chapter 6; Pages 115-117.
  2. ^ Barton, A Folk Divided, 5—7.

See also

Philadelphia Portal

Liberty Bell; public domain. ... Territories in the Americas colonized or claimed by a European great power in 1750. ... // Fiefs Fiefs that were held for a limited time. ... Swedish Americans are U.S. Americans with Swedish heritage, most often related to the large groups of immigrants from Sweden in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. ... Finnish Americans are Americans of Finnish descent, who currently number at about 700,000. ... The American Swedish Historical Museum was founded in 1926, making it the oldest Swedish museum in the United States. ...

External links

Swedish colonial empire

American colonies: in North America : New Sweden | Antillian: Saint Barthelemy and Guadeloupe
West African possessions: Swedish Gold Coast Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... The Swedish colonial empire existed from 1638 to 1663 and from 1785 to 1878. ... Saint-Barthélemy is a French island located in the Caribbean at 17°54N 62°50W . ... The Swedish Gold Coast was a Swedish colony consisting of settlements of part of the West African Gold Coast (in present-day Ghana, on the Gulf of Guinea). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
New Sweden (3022 words)
It was the voice of united Sweden calling for a share in the trade of the Indies, of China, of the Gold Coast, and of the far North, with the wide world, but half explored, from which to choose.
In 1640 the northern boundary of New Sweden, as the colony was now generally called, was extended, by purchase from the Indians, to a point opposite Trenton, and thence, indefinitely, due west.
New Haven renewed its interest, the Dutch were continually aggressive, and finally, in August, 1655, the crisis came.
New Sweden at AllExperts (927 words)
New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a Swedish(-Finnish) colony in North America corresponding roughly to the networked region of urban sprawl around Philadelphia, containing such settlements as Finland, Lapland etc. in Delaware; New Stockholm (now Bridgeport) and Swedesboro in New Jersey, as well as others in Pennsylvania and Maryland.
By the middle of the 17th century, the Realm of Sweden had reached its greatest territorial extent and was on the verge of becoming one of the great powers of Europe.
This status lasted officially until the English conquest of the New Netherland colony, in October 1664, and continued unofficially until the area was included in William Penn's charter for Pennsylvania, in 1682.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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