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Encyclopedia > New South Wales Parliament

The Parliaments of the Australian states and territories are legislative bodies within the federal framework of the Commonwealth of Australia. Before the formation of the Commonwealth in 1901, the six Australian colonies were self-governing, with parliaments which had come into existence by stages from 1825, when the New South Wales Legislative Council was created, to 1891, Western Australia became the last of the colonies to gain full self-government. 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Nickname: First State, Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Governor Premier Const. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Cygnis Insignis (Distinguished by its swans) Nickname: Wildflower State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Governor Premier Const. ...


By ratifying the Constitution of Australia, the colonies agreed to become States of the Commonwealth, and to cede certain of their legislative powers to the Commonwealth Parliament, but otherwise retained their self-governing status with their own parliaments. The legislative powers of the state parliaments cannot be altered except by altering the Constitution, which can only be done by the Australian people voting in a referendum. The Constitution of Australia consists of a number of documents. ... The Parliament of Australia is the legislative branch of Australia. ...


The Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory, by contrast, are territories of the Commonwealth, and their parliaments were created by way of legislation of the Commonwealth Parliament. Although the Commonwealth treats the territories as though they were states for many purposes, they are not states, and the legislative powers of their parliaments can be altered or even abolished by the Commonwealth Parliament. Motto: Pro Rege, Lege et Grege (For the Queen, the Law and the People) Nickname: (none) Other Australian states and territories Capital Canberra Government Administrator Chief Minister Const. ... Motto: None Nickname: ? Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Administrator Chief Minister Const. ...


All of the States except Queensland have bicameral parliaments, with a lower and upper house. The two Territories' parliaments are unicameral. Motto: Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Nickname: Sunshine State/Smart State Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Governor Premier Const. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... A lower house (sometimes known as the first chamber) is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... An upper house (Frequently known as a Senate) is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ...

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The Parliament of New South Wales

The New South Wales Legislative Council is the oldest legislative body in Australia, having been created in 1825 as an appointed body to advise the Governor. Today it has 42 members serving eight-year terms and elected by proportional representation. The Legislative Assembly was created in 1856 when New South Wales attained self-government. Today it has 93 members elected for four-year terms from single-member constituencies. Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Nickname: First State, Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Governor Premier Const. ... The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... List of Governors of New South Wales See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Governor. ... Proportional representation (PR) is an election system which ensures a proportionally representative result of a democratic election, x% of votes should be represented by x% in the democratic institutions, parliament or congress. ... The Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


The Parliament of Queensland

Queensland's Legislative Assembly was created in 1859 when the then colony attained self-government. The Legislative Council was abolished in 1922. Today it has 89 members elected for three-year terms from single-member constituencies. Motto: Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Nickname: Sunshine State/Smart State Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Governor Premier Const. ... The Parliament of Queensland is the legislature of Queensland, Australia. ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The Queensland Legislative Council was the upper house of the parliament in the Australian state of Queensland, until its abolition in 1922. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The Parliament of South Australia

South Australia's Legislative Council was created in 1840 as an appointive body. Today it has 22 members, elected for eight-year terms by proportional representation. The House of Assembly was created in 1857 when South Australia attained self-government. Today it has 47 members, elected for four-year terms from single-member constituencies. Motto: United for the Common Wealth Nickname: Festival State Other Australian states and territories Capital Adelaide Government Governor Premier Const. ... The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of parliament in the Australian state of South Australia. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The House of Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of parliament in the Australian state of South Australia. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The Parliament of Tasmania

Tasmania's Legislative Council was created in 1825 as an appointed body. (Tasmania was then called Van Diemen's Land.) Today it has 15 members, elected for six-year terms from single-member constituencies. The House of Assembly was created in 1856 when Tasmania attained self-government. Today has 25 members, elected for four-year terms from multi-member constituencies by the Hare-Clark system of proportional representation. Motto: Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Nickname: The Apple Isle Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Governor Premier Const. ... The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of Tasmania in Australia. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Van Diemens Land was the original name used by Europeans for Tasmania, an island state of Australia. ... The House of Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of Tasmania in Australia. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... Proportional representation (PR) is an election system which ensures a proportionally representative result of a democratic election, x% of votes should be represented by x% in the democratic institutions, parliament or congress. ...


The Parliament of Victoria

Victoria's Legislative Council was created in 1851. Today it has 44 members serving eight year terms and elected from single-member constituencies. The Legislative Assembly was created in 1855 when Victoria attained self-government. Today it has 88 members elected for four-year terms from single-member constituencies. Motto: Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Governor HE Mr John Landy Premier Steve Bracks (ALP) Area 237,629 km² (6th)  - Land 227,416 km²  - Water 10,213 km² (4. ... The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Victoria, Australia. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of Victoria in Australia. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The Parliament of Western Australia

Western Australia's Legislative Council was created in 1832 as an appointive body. Today it has 34 members elected for four-year terms from multi-member constituencies by proportional representation. The Legislative Assembly was created in 1891 when Western Australia attained self-government. Today it has 57 members, elected for four-year terms from single-member constituencies. Motto: Cygnis Insignis (Distinguished by its swans) Nickname: Wildflower State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Governor Premier Const. ... The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of parliament in the Australian state of Western Australia. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of parliament in the Australian state of Western Australia. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The Parliament of the Australian Capital Territory

The Australian Capital Territory's Legislative Assembly was created by an act of the Commonwealth Parliament in 1989. It has 17 members, elected for four-year terms from multi-member constituencies by the Hare-Clark system of proportional representation. Motto: Pro Rege, Lege et Grege (For the Queen, the Law and the People) Nickname: (none) Other Australian states and territories Capital Canberra Government Administrator Chief Minister Const. ... The Legislative Assembly is the only chamber of parliament in the Australian Capital Territory. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Proportional representation (PR) is an election system which ensures a proportionally representative result of a democratic election, x% of votes should be represented by x% in the democratic institutions, parliament or congress. ...


The Parliament of the Northern Territory

The Northern Territory's Legislative Assembly was created by an act of the Commonwealth Parliament in 1974. An earlier advisory body, the Northern Territory Legislative Council, existed from 1947 to 1974. The Assembly has 25 members, elected for four-year terms from single-member constituencies. Motto: None Nickname: ? Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Administrator Chief Minister Const. ... The Legislative Assembly is the only chamber of parliament in the Northern Territory in Australia. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...


External links

  • The New South Wales Parliament
  • The Queensland Parliament
  • The South Australian Parliament
  • The Tasmanian Parliament
  • The Victorian Parliament
  • The Western Australian Parliament
  • The Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly
  • The Northern Territory Legislative Assembly

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