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Encyclopedia > New South Wales Legislative Assembly

The Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. The other is the Legislative Council. It sits in the state capital, Sydney. Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Nickname: First State, Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Governor Premier Const. ... The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. ... Sydney Harbour looking south from the vicinity of the Sydney Harbour Bridge towards the CBD skyline; the Opera House is visible in the background on the left. ...

The Assembly has 93 members, elected by single-member electorates, which are commonly known as seats. Voting is by the preferential system, like the equivalent federal chamber, the Australian House of Representatives. When the single transferable vote voting system is applied to a single-winner election it is sometimes called instant-runoff voting (IRV), as it is much like holding a series of runoff elections in which the lowest polling candidate is eliminated in each round until someone receives majority vote. ... Australian House of Representatives chamber Entrance to the House of Representatives The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia. ...

The Legislative Assembly was created in 1856 with the introduction of a bi-cameral parliament. In the beginning, only men were eligible to be members of the Assembly, and only around one half of men were able to pass the property or income qualifications required to vote. Two years later, the Electoral Reform Act, which was passed despite the opposition of the Legislative Council, saw the introduction of a far more democratic system, allowing anyone who had been resident in the colony for six months the right to vote, and removing property requirements in order to stand as a candidate. Women were granted the right to vote in 1902, and gained the right to be members of the Assembly in 1918, with the first successful candidate being elected in 1925. Aboriginal people did not gain the right to vote until 1967. 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Australian Aborigines are the main indigenous people of Australia. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Most legislation is initiated in the Legislative Assembly. The party or coalition with the most seats in the lower house is invited by the Governor to form government. The leader of that party subsequently becomes Premier of New South Wales, and their senior colleagues become ministers responsible for various portfolios. As Australian political parties traditionally vote along party lines, most legislation introduced by the governing party will pass through the Legislative Assembly. List of Governors of New South Wales See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Governor. ... List of Premiers of New South Wales Before the 1890s there was no formal party system in New South Wales. ...

As with the federal parliament and Australian other states and territories, voting in the Assembly is compulsory for all those over the age of 18. Elections are held every four years on the fourth Saturday in March, exceptional circumstances notwithstanding, as the result of a 1995 referendum to amend the New South Wales Constitution. 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Parliaments of the Australian states and territories are legislative bodies within the federal framework of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... This is a list of members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 2003 to 2007: 1 The incumbent member for Londonderry, Jim Anderson, died on March 22, 2003, the day of the 2003 election. ...

Current distribution of seats

Party Seats Held
Australian Labor Party 55
Liberal Party 20
National Party 12
Independent 6

The Australian Labor Party or ALP is Australias oldest political party. ... The Liberal Party of Australia also known as the Neo Nazi Party of Australasia is an Australian liberal conservative political party. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party, originally called the Country Party, adopting the name of National Country Party in 1975 and adopting its present name in 1982. ...

External links

  • New South Wales Constitution Act (1902).

  Results from FactBites:
New South: Information from Answers.com (901 words)
Not to be confused with New South Hall, a first-year undergraduate residence hall at Georgetown University in Washington, DC.
The term "New South" is often used in contrast to the Old South of the antebellum period.
The original use of the term "New South" was an attempt to describe the rise of a South after the Civil War which would no longer be dependent on the now-outlawed slave labor or predominantly upon the raising of cotton, but rather a South which was also industrialized and part of a modern national economy.
New South Wales: Information from Answers.com (1941 words)
New South Wales is known the world over for the picturesque harbour of its capital, Sydney, Australia's oldest and largest city and a centre of international finance.
New South Wales it is unknown whether or not he was referring to a new area that resembled South Wales, or a new southern version of Wales.
Queen Elizabeth II is the Sovereign, represented by the Governor of New South Wales.
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