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Encyclopedia > New South Wales

Coordinates: 32°0′S, 147°0′E NSW refers to New South Wales, an Australian state. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

New South Wales
Flag of New South Wales Coat of Arms of New South Wales
Flag Coat of Arms
Slogan or Nickname: First State, Premier State
Motto(s): "Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites"
(Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine)
Map of Australia with New South Wales highlighted
Other Australian states and territories
Capital Sydney
Government Constitutional monarchy
Governor Professor Marie Bashir
Premier Morris Iemma (ALP)
Federal representation
 - House seats 50
 - Senate seats 12
Gross State Product (2004-05)
 - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)
 - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th)
Population (End of March 2006)
 - Population  6,817,100 (1st)
 - Density  8.45/km² (3rd)
21.9 /sq mi
Area  
 - Total  809,444 km² (5th)
312,528 sq mi
 - Land 800,642 km²
309,130 sq mi
 - Water 8,802 km² (1.09%)
3,398 sq mi
Elevation  
 - Highest Mount Kosciuszko
2,228 m (7,310 ft)
 - Lowest Sea level
Time zone UTC+10 (+11 DST)
(½-hour variations)
Abbreviations  
 - Postal NSW
 - ISO 3166-2 AU-NS
Emblems  
 - Floral Waratah
(Telopea speciosissima)
 - Bird Kookaburra
(Dacelo gigas)
 - Animal Platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
 - Fish Blue groper
(Achoerodus viridis)
 - Colours Sky blue
(Pantone 291)
Web site www.nsw.gov.au

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is Australia's most populous state, located in the south-east of the country, north of Victoria and south of Queensland. It was founded in 1788 and originally comprised much of the Australian mainland, as well as New Zealand, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. During the 19th century large areas were successively separated to form the British colonies of Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria, Queensland and New Zealand. Image File history File links Flag_of_New_South_Wales. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The current state flag of New South Wales was officially adopted in 1876. ... The Coat of arms of New South Wales is the official coat of arms of the Australian State of New South Wales. ... The following is a list of Australian state and territory slogans. ... Image File history File links New_South_Wales_locator-MJC.png‎ Map of Australia highlighting New South Wales Made in Adobe Illustrator by me and released under the GFDL licensing by me File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Each jurisdiction of Australia has its own capital, where local judicial, administrative and legislative duties are centred. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not bound by a... List of Governors of New South Wales See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Governor. ... Her Excellency Professor Marie Roslyn Bashir, AC, CVO (born 1930) is the current Governor of New South Wales and Chancellor of the University of Sydney. ... List of Premiers of New South Wales Before the 1890s there was no formal party system in New South Wales. ... Morris Iemma (pronounced Yemma), born 21 July 1961, is an Australian politician and the Premier of New South Wales. ... ALP redirects here. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Representatives Senate Speaker of the House of Representatives David Hawker, Liberal Party since 16 November 2004 President of the Senate Alan Ferguson, Liberal Party since 14 August 2007 Members 226 (150 Representatives, 76 Senators) Political groups Liberal Party ALP National Party Country Liberal Party Greens... Type Lower house Speaker of the House David Hawker, Liberal since November 16, 2004 Members 150 Political groups Liberal Party (74) ALP (60) National Party (12) Country Liberal Party (1) Last elections 9 October 2004 Meeting place Parliament House, Canberra, ACT Web site House of Representatives Entrance to the House... Australian Senate chamber Entrance to the Senate The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. ... This is a list of Australian States and Territories by Gross State Product. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... ĝMedia:Example. ... This is a list of Australian states and mainland territories by ranking. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Mount Kosciuszko, located in the Snowy Mountains, in Kosciuszko National Park, is the highest mountain in Australia (not including its external territories), at 2,228 m above sea level. ... This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC+10 time zone Australia (AEST—Australian Eastern Standard Time) Australian Capital Territory**, New South Wales** (except Broken Hill, which observes South Australia time), Queensland, Tasmania** (which observes DST starting on the first weekend of October instead of the last), Victoria** Guam (Chamorro Standard Time via US Law) Federated States... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... For other uses, see Waratah (disambiguation). ... Species Dacelo gaudichaud Dacelo leachii Dacelo novaeguineae Dacelo tyro For other uses, see Kookaburra (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Platypus (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Achoerodus viridus; Achoerodus gouldii Steindachner, 1866; Richardson, 1843 A blue groper is a member of two similar species of fish found in the coastal waters of southern Australia, distinguished by the bright blue colouring of the adult males. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Wonderful Days is a Korean animated science fiction film, released in 2003. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... VIC redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For the island off Solomon Islands, see Ontong Java Atoll Lord Howe Island is a small island in the Pacific Ocean 600 km (373 mi) east of the Australian mainland. ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... VIC redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd...


An inhabitant of New South Wales is referred to as a New South Welshman. New South Wales' largest city and capital is Sydney. This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ...


It is not clear whether New South Wales refers to the area being named after South Wales, or a New Wales in the Southern Hemisphere.[1] Approximate extent of South East Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ...


In the journal covering his survey of the eastern coast of the Australian continent, the then Lt. James Cook (later Captain James Cook) first named the east coast of Australia "New Wales", which he later corrected in his journal to "New South Wales". Captain James Cook may refer to: James Cook - British explorer, navigator, and map maker Captain James Cook (TV miniseries) - 1987 Australian television miniseries This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...

Contents

History

The original inhabitants of the area were Aboriginal tribes who arrived in Australia approximately forty to sixty thousand years ago.[citation needed]However, the first European discovery of the area was made by Captain James Cook during his voyage along the East coast of Australia in 1770. // Foundation and growth Governor Lachlan Macquarie In 1770 Captain James Cook sailed along the east coast of Australia, the first European to do so. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the British explorer. ...


Settlement

The first British settlement was made by what is known in Australian history as the First Fleet led by Captain Arthur Phillip who assumed the role of Governor of the settlement on arrival in 1788 until 1792.[2][3] During this time New South Wales was an entirely penal colony. The history of Australia began when people first migrated to the Australian continent from the north, at least 40,000-45,000 years ago. ... The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships which sailed from Great Britain on May 13, 1787 to establish the first European colony in New South Wales. ... Admiral Arthur Phillip RN (11 October 1738 – 31 August 1814) was a British naval officer and colonial administrator. ... A penis colony is a colony used to detain prisoners and generally use them for penal labor in an economically underdeveloped part of the states (usually colonial) territories, and on a far larger scale than a prison farm. ...


After years of chaos, anarchy and the overthrow of Governor William Bligh, a new Governor, Lieutenant-colonel (later Major-General) Lachlan Macquarie was sent from Britain to reform the settlement in 1809.[4] During his time as Governor, Macquarie commissioned the construction of roads, wharves, churches and public buildings, sent explorers across the continent and employed a planner to design the street layout of Sydney.[citation needed] Macquarie's legacy can still be felt today.[citation needed] This article is about the Australian rebellion. ... 1814 portrait of William Bligh Vice-Admiral William Bligh FRS RN (9 September 1754 – 7 December 1817) was an officer of the British Royal Navy and colonial administrator. ... Lieutenant Colonel (Lieutenant-Colonel in English from the French grades spelling) is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine corps and air forces of the world, typically ranking above a Major and below a Colonel. ... Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Major General Lachlan Macquarie, Governor of New South Wales Major-General Lachlan Macquarie CB (31 January 1762[1] – 1 July 1824), British military officer and colonial administrator, served as Governor of New South Wales from 1810 to 1821 and had a leading role in the social, economic and architectural development... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ...


1800s

630 lb (235 kg) gold unearthed in 1872 from Hill End during the Gold Rush
630 lb (235 kg) gold unearthed in 1872 from Hill End during the Gold Rush

Later in the mid 19th century saw the gold rush and a huge influx in the New South Wales population. It is estimated that the population rose 33.5 percent or 100 000 people in less than ten years.[citation needed] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (665x874, 193 KB) German prospector, Bernhard Otto Holtermann with a mass of nearly all solid gold, from w:Hill End, New South Wales in 1872, weighed 630lb & valued at 12,000 pounds. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (665x874, 193 KB) German prospector, Bernhard Otto Holtermann with a mass of nearly all solid gold, from w:Hill End, New South Wales in 1872, weighed 630lb & valued at 12,000 pounds. ... 630lb gold nugget from Hill End, unearthed in 1872 Hill End () is a former gold mining town in New South Wales, Australia, in Bathurst Regional Council. ...


Soon after the gold rush, settlers demanded a responsible government that could govern itself. The result was the New South Wales Constitution Act of 1855, steered through the British Parliament by the veteran radical Lord John Russell, who wanted a constitution which balanced democratic elements against the interests of property, as did the Parliamentary system in Britain at this time. The Act created a bicameral Parliament of New South Wales, with a lower house, the Legislative Assembly, consisting of 54 members. As the population continued to rise, separate colonies were split off from greater NSW. Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, and Queensland were formed as self-governing colonies reducing NSW to its present area. Responsible government is a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, KG, GCMG, PC (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known as Lord John Russell before 1861, was an English Whig and Liberal politician who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in the mid-19th century. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The Parliament of New South Wales consists of the Governor of New South Wales, the New South Wales Legislative Council and the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. ... The Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. ...


Federation

As the 1800s drew to a close the movement toward federation between the Australian colonies gathered momentum. Conventions and forums involving colony leaders were held on a regular basis. NSW as a free trade state were in dispute with the other leading colony Victoria who had a protectionist economy. At this time customs posts were common on borders, even on the Murray River. Supporters of federation included the NSW premier Sir Henry Parkes whose 1889 speech in Tenterfield was pivotal in gathering support for NSW involvement. Edmund Barton later to become Australia's first Prime Minister was another strong advocate for federation and a meeting held in Corowa in 1893 drafted an initial constitution. Sir Henry Parkes (27 May 1815 – 27 April 1896), Australian politician, is sometimes called the Father of Federation and is at least considered the most prominent among the Australian Founding Fathers. ... Tenterfield is a town and Local Government Area (see Tenterfield Shire Council), in New South Wales, Australia. ... Sir Edmund Barton, GCMG, QC (18 January 1849 – 7 January 1920), Australian politician and judge, was the first Prime Minister of Australia and a founding justice of the High Court of Australia. ... Corowa (35°59′ S 146°23′ E) is a town in the state of New South Wales in Australia. ...


In 1898 popular referendums on the proposed federation were held in NSW, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. All votes resulted in a majority in favour, but the NSW government under Premier George Reid (popularly known as "yes-no Reid" due to his constant changes of opinion on the issue) had set a requirement for a higher "yes" vote than just a simple majority which was not met. George Reid is the name of two political figures: Sir George Reid was a Prime Minister of Australia. ...


In 1899 further referendums were held in the same states as well as Queensland (but not Western Australia). All resulted in yes votes with majorities increased from the previous year. NSW met the conditions its government had set for a yes vote. As a compromise to the question on where the capital was to be located, an agreement was made that the site was to be with-in NSW but not closer than 100 miles (161 km) from Sydney. Eventually the area that now forms the Australian Capital Territory was ceded by NSW when Canberra was selected. Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ...


Early 1900s

New South Wales in 1916
New South Wales in 1916

In the years after World War I, it was the farmers rather than the workers who were the most discontented and militant class in New South Wales.[citation needed] The high prices enjoyed during the war fell with the resumption of international trade, and farmers became increasingly discontented with the fixed prices paid by the compulsory marketing authorities set up as a wartime measure by the Hughes government. In 1919 the farmers formed the Country Party, led at national level by Earle Page, a doctor from Grafton, and at state level by Michael Bruxner, a small farmer from Tenterfield. The Country Party used its reliable voting base to make demands on successive non-Labor governments, mainly to extract subsidies and other benefits for farmers, as well as public works in rural areas.[citation needed] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 744 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2624 × 2116 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 744 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2624 × 2116 pixel, file size: 1. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... For other persons named Billy Hughes, see Billy Hughes (disambiguation). ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... Sir Earle Christmas Grafton Page GCMG, CH (August 8, 1880–December 20, 1961), Australian politician, was the eleventh Prime Minister of Australia. ... </ref> | est = 1851 | elevation = 5 | maxtemp = 25. ... Michael Bruxner was an Australian politician, elected as a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. ...


The Great Depression which began in 1929 ushered a period of unprecedented political and class conflict in New South Wales.[citation needed] The mass unemployment and collapse of commodity prices brought ruin to both city workers and to farmers. The beneficiary of the resultant discontent was not the Communist Party, which remained small and weak, but Jack Lang's Labor populism. Lang's second government was elected in November 1930 on a policy of repudiating New South Wales' debt to British bondholders and using the money instead to help the unemployed through public works. This was denounced as illegal by conservatives, and also by James Scullin's federal Labor government.[citation needed] The result was that Lang's supporters in the federal Caucus brought down Scullin's government, causing a second bitter split in the Labor Party. In May 1932 the Governor, Sir Philip Game dismissed his government. The subsequent election was won by the conservative opposition. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The Communist Party of Australia was founded in 1920 and dissolved in 1991. ... John Thomas Lang (21 December 1876 - 27 September 1975), Australian politician, usually referred to as J.T. Lang during his career, familiarly known as Jack and nicknamed The Big Fella, was Premier of New South Wales for two terms (1925-27, 1930-32). ... James Henry Scullin (September 18, 1876 – January 28, 1953), Australian Labor politician and ninth Prime Minister of Australia. ... Air Vice-Marshal Sir Philip Woolcott Game (March 30, 1876&#8211;February 4, 1961) was a British Royal Air Force commander and Governor of New South Wales, Australia. ...

Japanese POW camp in Cowra, 1944, several weeks before the Cowra breakout
Japanese POW camp in Cowra, 1944, several weeks before the Cowra breakout

By the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the differences between New South Wales and the other states that had emerged in the 19th century had faded as a result of federation and economic development behind a wall of protective tariffs.[citation needed] New South Wales continued to outstrip Victoria as the centre of industry, and increasingly of finance and trade as well.[citation needed] Labor returned to office under the moderate leadership of William McKell in 1941 and stayed in power for 24 years. World War II saw another surge in industrial development to meet the needs of a war economy, and also the elimination of unemployment. Image File history File linksMetadata Cowrapowcamp. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Cowrapowcamp. ... Cowra is a town in the Central West of New South Wales, Australia in Cowra Shire. ... Cowra POW Camp, 1 July, 1944. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Sir William McKell William John McKell (26 September 1891 - 11 January 1985), twelfth Governor-General of Australia, was born in Pambula New South Wales, the son of a butcher. ...


Postwar New South Wales

Labor stayed in power until 1965. Towards the end of its term in power it announced a plan for the construction of an opera/arts facility on Bennelong Point. The design competition was won by Jørn Utzon. Controversy over the cost of what would eventually become the Sydney Opera House became a political issue and was a factor in the eventual defeat of Labor in 1965 by the conservative Liberal Party led by Sir Robert Askin. Sir Robert remains a controversial figure with supporters claiming him to be reformist especially in terms of reshaping the NSW economy. Others though regard the Askin era has synonymous with corruption with Askin the head of a network involving NSW police and SP bookmaking (Goot). The Sydney Opera House on Bennelong Point. ... The Sydney Opera House Jørn Utzon AC (born April 9, 1918) is a Danish architect best known for his groundbreaking design for the Sydney Opera House. ... The Sydney Opera House is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... This article is about the modern Australian political party. ...


In the late 1960s, a secessionist movement in the New England region of the state led to a referendum on the issue. The new state would have consisted of much of northern NSW including Newcastle. The referendum was narrowly defeated and there are no active or organised campaigns for new states in NSW beyond individuals. The New England region of Australia, here showing Mt Duval Approximate location of New England within New South Wales; red a narrow definition, yellow a broader definition New England is the name given to a region in the north of the state of New South Wales, Australia. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


Askin's resignation in 1975 was followed by a number of short lived premierships by Liberal Party leaders. When a general election came in 1976 the ALP under Neville Wran were returned to power. Wran was able to transform this narrow one seat victory into landslide wins (known as Wranslide) in 1978 and 1981. [citation needed] Neville Kenneth Wran AC QC (born October 11, 1926) was the Premier of New South Wales from 1976 until 1986. ...

New South Wales showing highways
New South Wales showing highways

After winning a comfortable though reduced majority in 1984, Wran resigned as premier and left parliament. His replacement Barry Unsworth struggled to emerge from Wran's shadow and lost a 1988 election against a resurgent Liberal Party led by Nick Greiner. Unsworth was replaced as ALP leader by Bob Carr. Initially Greiner was a popular leader instigating reform such as the creation of the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC). Greiner called a snap election in 1991 which the Liberals were expected to win. However the ALP polled extremely well and the Liberals lost their majority and needed the support of independents to retain power. Download high resolution version (977x733, 41 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: New South Wales List of New South Wales highways User:Fikri/Maps Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (977x733, 41 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: New South Wales List of New South Wales highways User:Fikri/Maps Categories: GFDL images ... New South Wales Highways of New South Wales This is a list of highways in New South Wales, Australia. ... Barry Unsworth (born 1930) is a British novelist who is known for novels with historical themes. ... Nicholas Franciscus Hugo Greiner (born April 27, 1947) was the parliamentary leader of the Liberal Party in New South Wales, Australia and also Premier from 1988 to 1992. ... Several places have organisations called the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC). ...


Greiner was accused (by ICAC) of corrupt actions involving an allegation that a government position was offered to tempt an independent (who had defected from the Liberals) to resign his seat so that the Liberal party could regain it and shore up its numbers. Greiner resigned but was later cleared of corruption. His replacement as Liberal leader and Premier was John Fahey. Although personally popular, Fahey's government suffered from a series of scandals including tax evasion, illegal recording of customer conversations, sexual harassment, and death threats. [citation needed] In the 1995 election, Fahey's government lost narrowly and the ALP under Bob Carr returned to power. John Fahey ( February 28, 1939–February 22, 2001) was an American guitarist and composer, and one of the first guitarists to perform solo instrumental steel-string acoustic guitar. ... For other persons named Bob Carr, see Bob Carr (disambiguation). ...


Like Wran before him Carr was able to turn a narrow majority into landslide wins at the next two elections (1999 and 2003). During this era, NSW hosted the 2000 Sydney Olympics which were internationally regarded as very successful and helped boost Carr's popularity. Carr surprised most people by resigning from office in 2005. He was replaced by Morris Iemma who remains Premier and was re-elected in March 2007. The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... Morris Iemma (pronounced Yemma), born 21 July 1961, is an Australian politician and the Premier of New South Wales. ... The next legislative election for the New South Wales Parliament will be held on Saturday, 24 March 2007. ...


Government

New South Wales Parliament House

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 441 pixelsFull resolution (2534 × 1397 pixel, file size: 460 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Macquarie Street, Sydney, Australia. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 441 pixelsFull resolution (2534 × 1397 pixel, file size: 460 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Macquarie Street, Sydney, Australia. ... Parliament House in Sydney is a complex of buildings housing the Parliament of New South Wales, a state of Australia. ... The form of the Government of New South Wales is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1856, although it has been amended many times since then. ...

Head of State

New South Wales is a Constitutional Monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II is the Sovereign, represented by the Governor of New South Wales. The Governor is Her Excellency Professor Marie Bashir (Lady Shehadie). The Governor commissions as Premier the leader of the parliamentary political party that can command a simple majority of votes in the Legislative Assembly. The Premier then recommends the appointment of other Members of the two Houses to the Ministry, under the principle of responsible or Westminster government. It should be noted, however, that there is no legal requirement in NSW for the Government to be formed from the Parliament - merely convention. The Premier is Morris Iemma of the Australian Labor Party. Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not bound by a... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... List of Governors of New South Wales See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Governor. ... Her Excellency Professor Marie Roslyn Bashir, AC, CVO (born 1930) is the current Governor of New South Wales and Chancellor of the University of Sydney. ... The Houses of Parliament, also known as the Palace of Westminster, in London. ... Morris Iemma (pronounced Yemma), born 21 July 1961, is an Australian politician and the Premier of New South Wales. ... ALP redirects here. ...


Constitution

The form of the Government of New South Wales is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1856, although it has been amended many times since then. Since 1901 New South Wales has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Australian Constitution regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (in full, An Act to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia) is the primary constitutional text of the Commonwealth of Australia. ...


Under the Australian Constitution, New South Wales ceded certain legislative and judicial powers to the Commonwealth, but retained independence in all other areas. The New South Wales Constitution says: "The Legislature shall, subject to the provisions of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, have power to make laws for the peace, welfare, and good government of New South Wales in all cases whatsoever." In practice, however, the independence of the Australian states has been greatly eroded by the increasing financial domination of the Commonwealth. [citation needed] The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (in full, An Act to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia) is the primary constitutional text of the Commonwealth of Australia. ...


Parliament

Political
Party
Legislative
Assembly
Legislative
Council
ALP 52 (56%) 19 (45%)
Liberal 22 (24%) 10 (24%)
National 13 (14%) 5 (12%)
Independent/Other 6 (6%) 8 (20%)
Source: Parliament of New South Wales.[5]

The State Parliament is composed of the Sovereign and two houses: the Legislative Assembly (lower house), and the Legislative Council (upper house). Elections are held every four years on the fourth Saturday of March, the most recent being on 24 March 2007. At each election one member is elected to the Legislative Assembly from each of 93 electoral districts and half of the 42 members of the Legislative Council are elected by a statewide electorate. ALP redirects here. ... This article is about the modern Australian political party. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... The Parliaments of the Australian states and territories are legislative bodies within the federal framework of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... The Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. ... The Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. ... Elections for the 54th Parliament of New South Wales were held on Saturday, 24 March 2007. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The New South Wales Legislative Assembly is elected from 93 single-member electorates called districts. ...


Emergency services

New South Wales is policed by the New South Wales Police Force, a statutory authority. Established in 1862, the NSW Police Force investigates Summary and Indictable offences throughout the State of New South Wales. The state has two fire services: the volunteer based New South Wales Rural Fire Service, mainly active in small towns and the countryside, and the New South Wales Fire Brigades, a government agency responsible for protecting urban areas. There is some overlap due to suburbinisation. Ambulance services are provided through the Ambulance Service of New South Wales. The New South Wales Police Force (NSWPOL)(NSW Police Force; previously New South Wales Police Service & New South Wales Police) is the primary law enforcement agency in the State of New South Wales, Australia. ... The New South Wales Rural Fire Service (RFS) is a volunteer firefighting service and is responsible for providing fire protection to over 90% of the geographical area of the state of New South Wales in Australia. ... New South Wales Fire Brigades NSW Fire Brigades insignia The NSW Fire Brigades (NSWFB) is the NSW government agency responsible for managing fire emergencies in the major cities, metropolitan areas and towns across rural and regional NSW. Under the Fire Brigades Act 1989 NSWFB also protect the State from hazardous... Ambulance Service of NSW Logo NSW Ambulance uniform shoulder patch The Ambulance Service of New South Wales (ASNSW) is the main provider of pre-hospital emergency care and ambulance services in the state of New South Wales, Australia. ...


People

Population

The estimated population of New South Wales at the end of 2006 was 6.83 million people. This indicates an annual growth rate of 0.9%, [6] lower than the 1.0% average growth rate of the last 10 years and the national rate of 1.1%.[7]


62.9% of NSW's population is based in Sydney. [8] This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ...


Education

Sutton school was opened in 1871
Sutton school was opened in 1871
The Sydney Grammar School, established in 1854, is the oldest secondary school still in use in Sydney CBD
The Sydney Grammar School, established in 1854, is the oldest secondary school still in use in Sydney CBD
Charles Sturt University has campuses in several country towns in New South Wales
Charles Sturt University has campuses in several country towns in New South Wales

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 544 pixelsFull resolution (2812 × 1912 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 544 pixelsFull resolution (2812 × 1912 pixel, file size: 1. ... Sutton is a small villiage in New South Wales, a state in Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata CBD031-01. ... Image File history File linksMetadata CBD031-01. ... Sydney Grammar School (colloquially known as Grammar)[4] is an independent, secular, selective day school for boys, located in Darlinghurst, Edgecliff and St Ives, all suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... CD Blake Auditorium, Bathurst campus, CSU Charles Sturt University (CSU) is an Australian multi-campus university in New South Wales. ...

Primary and Secondary

The NSW school system comprises a kindergarten to year twelve system with primary schooling up to year 6 and secondary schooling between year 7 and 12. Within these to sets of schooling are various stages. Stage 1 includes years 1 and 2 (Kindergarten is Early Stage 1, and is considered separate in terms of curriculum planning). Stage 2 incorporates years 3 and 4. This cycle continues until it reaches stage 6 and ends with the Higher School Certificate This article is about the New South Wales Higher School Certificate. ...


School Certificate

Schooling is compulsory until completion of the School Certificate at the end of year 10. This test has no pass or fail but is designed to grade a student on his or her ability. The results of this test are categorised into bands 1 through to 6 with band 1 as the lowest and band 6 as the highest.[citation needed] The General Certificate of Education or GCE was introduced in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 1951, replacing the older SC and HSC. It was intended to cater for the increased range of subjects available to pupils since the raising of the school leaving age from 14 to 15 in...


As of 2006, there are five subjects that are compulsory for this examination. They are English, Mathematics, Science, Australian History, Geography, Civics and Citizenship and Computing Skills. Along with this, there are two 'elective' subjects that are assessed throughout the year.[citation needed]


Higher School Certificate

Main article: Higher School Certificate

The Higher School Certificate (HSC) is the usual Year 12 leaving certificate in NSW. Most students complete the HSC prior to entering the workforce or going on to study at either college, university or TAFE (although the HSC itself can be completed at TAFE). This article is about the New South Wales Higher School Certificate. ...


Tertiary

Eleven universities primarily operate in New South Wales. Sydney is home to Australia's first university, the University of Sydney, founded in 1850, as well as the University of New South Wales, Macquarie University, the University of Technology, Sydney and the University of Western Sydney. The Australian Catholic University has two of its six campuses in Sydney, and the private University of Notre Dame Australia also operates a secondary campus in the city. The University of Sydney, established in Sydney in 1850, is the oldest university in Australia. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Uniwalk is the main walkway stretching through the whole Kensingtion campus The University of New South Wales, also known as UNSW or colloquially as New South, is a university situated in Kensington, a suburb in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... Macquarie University is an Australian university located in Sydney. ... The UTS tower on Broadway UTS tower The University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), is a university in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The University of Western Sydney (UWS) is a large, multi-campused and comprehensive metropolitan University with 35,000 students and 2,500 staff members. ... Australian Catholic University The Australian Catholic University, or ACU National, is a Roman Catholic, public, multi-campus, multi-state university, based in eastern Australia, open to all staff and students regardless of their religious beliefs. ... The University of Notre Dame Australia is a private Roman Catholic university established in 1990 in the Western Australian port city of Fremantle, . While the University of Notre Dame Australia has strong collegial links[1] with the American University of Notre Dame located in South Bend, Indiana, they are separate...


Outside Sydney, the leading universities are the University of Newcastle and the University of Wollongong. Armidale is home to the University of New England, and Charles Sturt University and Southern Cross University have campuses spread across cities in the state's south-west and north coast respectively. The University of Newcastle is a public university located in Callaghan, a suburb of Newcastle, New South Wales. ... The University of Wollongong is a large University with approximately 21,000 students in the city of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia. ... The University of New England (UNE) was originally formed in 1938 as the New England University College, a College of the University of Sydney. ... CD Blake Auditorium, Bathurst campus, CSU Charles Sturt University (CSU) is an Australian multi-campus university in New South Wales. ... Southern Cross University (SCU) is a university based on the Mid North and North coast of New South Wales, Australia. ...


The public universities are state government agencies, however they are largely regulated by the federal government, which also administers their public funding. Admission to NSW universities is arranged together with universities in the Australian Capital Territory by another government agency, the Universities Admission Centre. Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ...


Primarily vocational training is provided up the level of advanced diplomas is provided by the state government's ten Technical and Further Education (TAFE) institutes. These institutes run courses in over 130 campuses throughout the state. For the Texas educational association, see Texas Association of Future Educators. ...


Geography

The coast of Coffs Harbour
The coast of Coffs Harbour

New South Wales can be divided geographically into four sections: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 527 pixelsFull resolution (2041 × 1344 pixel, file size: 306 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): New South Wales Three Sisters (Australia... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 527 pixelsFull resolution (2041 × 1344 pixel, file size: 306 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): New South Wales Three Sisters (Australia... The Three Sisters The Three Sisters towering above the Jamison Valley. ... A panoramic view of the Blue Mountains The Blue Mountains of New South Wales, Australia, are situated approximately 100 kilometres west of Sydney. ... Coffs Harbour looking north Photo taken by Graeme Cameron April 23 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Coffs Harbour, New South Wales Categories: GFDL images ... Coffs Harbour looking north Photo taken by Graeme Cameron April 23 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Coffs Harbour, New South Wales Categories: GFDL images ... Coffs Harbour is a coastal city and Local Government Area in northern New South Wales, Australia. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

  • A coastal strip, with climates warming from cool temperate on the far south coast to subtropical near the Queensland border, including the regions south of Sydney such as the Illawarra , the Shoalhaven near Nowra, Newcastle, the Central Coast and the North Coast.
  • The mountainous areas of the Great Dividing Range and the high country surrounding them. Whilst not particularly steep, many peaks rise above 1,000 metres (3,280 ft), with the highest Mount Kosciuszko at 2,229 metres (7,308 ft). This includes the Southern Highlands, Central Tablelands and the New England regions.
  • The agricultural plains that fill a significant portion of the state's area, with a much sparser population than the coast, includes the Riverina area around Wagga Wagga.
  • The arid plains in the far north-west of the state, which feature few small settlements.

The state is bordered on the north by Queensland, on the west by South Australia, and on the south by Victoria. Its coast faces the Tasman Sea. New South Wales contains two Federal enclaves: the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), and the Jervis Bay Territory. Lookout from the Illawarra Escarpment above Wombarra over the northern Illawarra plain viewing Austinmer, Thirroul, Bulli, Wollongong up to Port Kembla in the far. ... The Shoalhaven is a Local Government Area (Shoalhaven City, population ~85,000) and a region in south-eastern New South Wales (NSW), Australia, two hours south of Sydney. ... Nowra shops (Junction Street) Marriot Park Nowra is a city in the South Coast region of New South Wales. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... The Central Coast is an urban region in the Australian state of New South Wales, located on the coastline north of Sydney and south of Lake Macquarie and Newcastle. ... The North Coast refers to the region adjoining the Pacific Ocean in the north-eastern part of the State of New South Wales, Australia. ... The Great Dividing Range, also known as the Eastern Highlands, is Australias most substantial mountain range. ... Mount Kosciuszko, located in the Snowy Mountains, in Kosciuszko National Park, is the highest mountain in Australia (not including its external territories), at 2,228 m above sea level. ... The Southern Highlands is a geographical area in New South Wales, Australia, southwest of Sydney. ... The Central Tablelands in New South Wales is an area that is between the Sydney Metropolitan Area and the Central West Slopes and Plains. ... The New England region of Australia, here showing Mt Duval Approximate location of New England within New South Wales; red a narrow definition, yellow a broader definition New England is the name given to a region in the north of the state of New South Wales, Australia. ... The Riverina is a prosperous agricultural region of south-western New South Wales (NSW), Australia. ... Wagga Wagga (pronounced wogga wogga, informally called Wagga) is a city in New South Wales, Australia. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... VIC redirects here. ... fuck you Map of the Tasman Sea Satellite photo of the Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... The Jervis Bay Territory is a territory of the Commonwealth of Australia. ...


New South Wales' three major cities are Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong which all lie along the coast. Other notable settlements include Albury, a large town which borders with Victoria; Broken Hill, the most Westerly large town; Dubbo; Orange, Bowral, Bathurst, home of the Bathurst 1000; Port Macquarie, Tamworth, home to the country music festival; Armidale, Inverell, Lismore, Nowra, Gosford, Griffith, Queanbeyan, Leeton, Wagga Wagga, Goulburn, where a large proportion of the Australia's fruit is grown and Coffs Harbour, a popular tourist destination. This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Wollongong (pronounced ) is the 3rd largest city in the state of New South Wales, Australia, after Sydney and Newcastle. ... Albury is a city in New South Wales, Australia, located on the Hume Highway on the Northern side of the Murray River. ... Motto: Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Governor HE Mr John Landy Premier Steve Bracks (ALP) Area 237,629 km² (6th)  - Land 227,416 km²  - Water 10,213 km² (4. ... Broken Hill Post Office Broken Hill is an isolated mining city and Local Government Area (see City of Broken Hill) in the far west of outback New South Wales, Australia, with a population of 21,000. ... For the seat in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, see Electoral district of Dubbo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bowral is where i live. ... Bathurst is a regional centre in the state of New South Wales, Australia approximately 200km west of Sydney and is the seat of the Bathurst Regional Council Local Government Area. ... The Bathurst 1000 (currently officially known as the Supercheap Auto Bathurst 1000) is a 1,000-kilometre touring car race held annually at Mount Panorama Circuit in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia. ... Apartments in Port Macquarie at twilight - Hollingworth Street, Westport. ... Tamworth is a city in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia. ... Not to be confused with Armadale. ... Inverell is a town in the north of New South Wales, Australia. ... Left Bank Cafe, Spinks Park. ... Nowra shops (Junction Street) Marriot Park Nowra is a city in the South Coast region of New South Wales. ... Gosford is the main city of the Central Coast of New South Wales, located approximately 50 km north of the Sydney Central Business District (CBD) in a straight line, but somewhat further by road due to the shape of the coastline. ... Griffith is a city in south-western New South Wales, Australia. ... Queanbeyan is a city and local government area (Queanbeyan City Council) in south eastern New South Wales, Australia. ... Leeton is a town and Local Government Area in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. ... Wagga Wagga (pronounced wogga wogga, informally called Wagga) is a city in New South Wales, Australia. ... Location of Goulburn in New South Wales (red) Court house opened 1887 Goulburn is a provincial cathedral city in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia in Goulburn Mulwaree Council. ... For the state electoral district, see Electoral district of Coffs Harbour. ...


Highest maximum temperature: 50.0 °C (122.0 °F), Wilcannia, 11 January 1939 Wilcannia is a small town with a population of 688, located within the Central Darling Shire in north western New South Wales, Australia. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lowest minimum temperature: -23.0 °C (-9.4 °F), Charlotte Pass, 29 June 1994 (lowest temperature recorded in whole of Australia).[9] Charlotte Pass (Elev. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...


October 9th, 2007, NSW announced plans to built a 1,000 MW (megawatt) bank of wind powered turbines. The output of these are anticipated to be able to power up to 400,000 homes. The cost of this project will be $1.8 billion for 500 turbines. [10]


Economy

The Hunter Valley is known for its wineries.
Sheep in the Riverina which has a large wool industry
Sheep in the Riverina which has a large wool industry
Main article: The New South Wales Economy

Since the 1970s, New South Wales has undergone an increasingly rapid economic and social transformation. [citation needed] Old industries such as steel and shipbuilding have largely disappeared, and although agriculture remains important its share of the state's income is smaller than ever before.[citation needed] New industries such as information technology, and financial services are largely centred in Sydney, have risen to take their place with many companies having their Australian headquarters in Sydney CBD.[citation needed] In addition, the Macquarie Park area of Sydney has attracted the Australian headquarters of many information technology firms. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1080x296, 355 KB) Hunter Valley Panorama, mfunnell, stitched from separate shots by the author on 19NOV2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1080x296, 355 KB) Hunter Valley Panorama, mfunnell, stitched from separate shots by the author on 19NOV2005. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Riverina is a prosperous agricultural region of south-western New South Wales (NSW), Australia. ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... Source: dfat fact sheet // At the time of Federation, New South Wales was a free trading state (as opposed to protectionist) with a broad revenue base including income tax. ... The Sydney central business district (CBD) is, commercially, the most important in Australia. ... Macquarie Park is a suburb in the north of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Macquarie Park is a suburb in the north of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. ...


Coal and related products are the state's biggest export. Its value to the state's economy is over A$5 billion accounting for about 19% of all exports from NSW.[11]


Tourism has also become important, with Sydney as its centre but also stimulating growth on the North Coast, around Coffs Harbour and Byron Bay.[citation needed] Tourism is worth over $23 billion to the New South Wales economy and employs over 8% of the workforce. [12]


New South Wales had a Gross State Product in 2006 (equivalent to Gross Domestic Product) of A$310 billion which equalled A$45,584 per capita. [13] This article is about GDP in the context of economics. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 1. ...


Sport

Throughout Australian history, NSW sporting teams have been very successful in both winning domestic competitions and providing players to the Australian national team. The NSW Blues play in the Ford Ranger Cup and Pura Cup cricket competitions, the NSW Waratahs in the Super 14 rugby union competition and The 'Blues' represent NSW in the annual Rugby League State of Origin series. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 446 KB) Summary This is a photo of Energy Australia Stadium - where the Newcastle Knights play Rugby League in the NRL. Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Newcastle, New South Wales Newcastle Knights ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 446 KB) Summary This is a photo of Energy Australia Stadium - where the Newcastle Knights play Rugby League in the NRL. Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Newcastle, New South Wales Newcastle Knights ... EnergyAustralia Stadium is an Australian stadium, located in Newcastle, New South Wales. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... The Newcastle Knights are an Australian professional rugby league football team based in Newcastle, New South Wales. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 208 KB) Summary Holden corner of Bathurst racetrack, with Mount Panorama sign in the distance Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 208 KB) Summary Holden corner of Bathurst racetrack, with Mount Panorama sign in the distance Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Bathurst 1000 (currently officially known as the Supercheap Auto Bathurst 1000) is a 1,000-kilometre touring car race held annually at Mount Panorama Circuit in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia. ... The public entrance to the Circuit. ... Bathurst is a regional centre in the state of New South Wales, Australia approximately 200km west of Sydney and is the seat of the Bathurst Regional Council Local Government Area. ... Sport is an important part of the culture of the Australian state of New South Wales. ... // History The New South Wales Blues are an Australian first class cricket team based in Sydney, New South Wales. ... The Ford Ranger One Day Cup is the most recent name of the domestic List A cricket (One-day/limited overs cricket) competition in Australia. ... The Pura Cup (formerly known as the Sheffield Shield) is the domestic first class cricket competition in Australia. ... The New South Wales Waratahs (referred to as the Waratahs or simply the Tahs) are an Australian rugby union team, representing New South Wales in the Super 14 (formerly Super 12) competition. ... The Super 14 is the largest rugby union football club championship in the southern hemisphere, consisting of provincial teams from Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. ... Most recent series 2006 State of Origin: LOST Queensland 2 - New South Wales 1 Biggest win New South Wales 56 - 16 Queensland (Stadium Australia, Sydney; 7 June 2000) Biggest defeat Queensland 36 - 6 New South Wales (Lang Park, Brisbane; 23 May 1989) The New South Wales Rugby League team represents... Players are selected to play for the state in which they played their first senior football, hence the name state of origin. Prior to 1980 players were selected for interstate matches on the basis of where they were playing their club football at the time. ...


As well as the state of origin, the headquarters of the Australian Rugby League and National Rugby League (NRL) are in Sydney, which is home to 8 of the 16 National Rugby League (NRL) teams. (Sydney Roosters, South Sydney Rabbitohs, Parramatta Eels, Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks, Wests Tigers, Penrith Panthers, Canterbury Bulldogs and Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles), as well as being the northern home of the St George Illawarra Dragons, which is half-based in Wollongong. A tenth team, the Newcastle Knights is located in Newcastle. Rugby league football is the most popular sport by far in terms of spectators and television viewers.[citation needed] The main summer sport is cricket, and the state boasts arguably the most competitive cricket outside first class level in the Sydney Grade Cricket competition. [neutrality disputed] The Australian Rugby League (ARL) is the governing body for the sport of rugby league in Australia. ... The National Rugby League (NRL) is the top league of professional rugby league football clubs in Australasia. ... The National Rugby League (NRL) is the top league of professional rugby league football clubs in Australasia. ... The Sydney Roosters are a professional rugby league club based in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, Australia. ... The South Sydney Rabbitohs, also known as Souths, SSFC or The Rabbits, are an Australian professional rugby league team based in Sydney, New South Wales. ... The Parramatta Eels is an Australian professional rugby league football club based in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta. ... The Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks are a team in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league football competition in Australia. ... Wests Tigers is a rugby league football club in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league competition in Australasia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Canterbury Leagues Club, Belmore The Bulldogs (formerly Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs) are a team in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league football competition in Australia. ... The Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles are an Australian professional rugby League club based on the Northern Beaches of Sydney. ... The St. ... Wollongong (IPA: ) is an industrial city located on the eastern coast of Australia in the state of New South Wales. ... The Newcastle Knights are an Australian professional rugby league football team based in Newcastle, New South Wales. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Sydney Grade Cricket is a cricket competition played in Sydney, Australia. ...


The state is represented by three teams in the football (soccer) A-League: Sydney FC (the inaugural champions in 2005-06), the Central Coast Mariners, based at Gosford and the Newcastle United Jets. Football (soccer) has the highest number of registered players in New South Wales of any football code.[14] Australian rules football has historically not been strong in New South Wales outside the Riverina region. However, the Sydney Swans relocated from South Melbourne in 1982 and their presence and success since the late 1990s has raised the profile of Australian rules football, especially after their AFL premiership in 2005. Other teams in national competitions include basketball's Sydney Kings, West Sydney Razorbacks and Sydney Uni Flames, and netball's Sydney Swifts. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Sydney FC, founded in 2004, is an Australian football (soccer) club based in Sydney and competes in Australias premier competition, the A-League. ... Central Coast Mariners Football Club, also known as The Mariners or The Coast, are an Australian professional football (soccer) team based on the Central Coast of New South Wales, Australia. ... Newcastle United Jets are an Australian professional football (soccer) club based in Newcastle, a city on the coast of New South Wales. ... High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... The Riverina is a prosperous agricultural region of south-western New South Wales (NSW), Australia. ... Sydney Swans is an Australian Football League (AFL) club based in Sydney, New South Wales. ... South Melbourne Town Hall. ... High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... The Sydney Kings are a basketball team competing in the National Basketball League in Australia. ... The West Sydney Razorbacks are a professional basketball team competing in Australias National Basketball League. ... The Sydney Swifts are an Australian netball team, playing in the national Commonwealth Bank Trophy. ...


Sydney was the host of the 2000 Summer Olympics and the 1938 British Empire Games. The Olympic Stadium, now known as Telstra Stadium is the scene of the annual NRL Grand Final. It also regularly hosts rugby league State of Origin games and rugby union internationals, and has recently hosted the final of the 2003 Rugby World Cup and the football (soccer) World Cup qualifier between Australia and Uruguay. The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The 1938 British Empire Games was the third as its called now Commonwealth Games. ... This page is for Telstra Stadium, Sydney. ... The 2003 Rugby World Cup was the fifth rugby union world cup. ... The 2006 FIFA World Cup (officially titled 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany, sometimes referred to as the Football World Cup) finals are scheduled to take place in Germany between 9 June and 9 July 2006. ... The Football World Cup 2006 - Oceania - South America Qualification Playoff is a home and away playoff between the winners of the Oceania qualifying tournament (Australia) and the fifth placed team from the South American qualifying tournament. ...


The Sydney Cricket Ground traditionally hosts the 'New Year' cricket test match from 2-6 January each year, and is also one of the site for the finals of the one day international series. The annual Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race begins in Sydney Harbour on Boxing Day. The climax of Australia's touring car racing series is the Bathurst 1000, held near the city of Bathurst. The Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG) (, ) is a cricket stadium in Sydney. ... Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket. ... A One-day International (ODI) cricket match is a one-day cricket match played between two international teams each representing a particular country. ... Map of the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race route. ... Touring car racing is a general term for a number of distinct auto racing competitions in heavily-modified street cars. ... The Bathurst 1000 (currently officially known as the Supercheap Auto Bathurst 1000) is a 1,000-kilometre touring car race held annually at Mount Panorama Circuit in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia. ... Bathurst is a regional centre in the state of New South Wales, Australia approximately 200km west of Sydney and is the seat of the Bathurst Regional Council Local Government Area. ...


The Arts

The Pro Hart gallery in Broken Hill
The Pro Hart gallery in Broken Hill

New South Wales is home to several artistic bodies including: the Sydney Symphony (Australia's busiest and largest orchestra) and Opera Australia (head office in Sydney) both of which perform a subscription series at the Sydney Opera House. The Art Gallery of New South Wales (AGNSW), houses a significant collection of Australian art; other major spaces include the Sydney Jewish Museum, the Museum of Sydney and the Museum of Contemporary Art. Besides this Sydney is host to the Australian Ballet for its Sydney season (the ballet is headquartered in Melbourne). Sydney is home to five Arts teaching organisations which have all produced world famous students: The National Art School, The College of Fine Arts, the National Institute of Dramatic Art (NIDA), the Australian School of Film, Radio and Television and the Conservatorium of Music (now part of the University of Sydney). The world famous Australian Chamber Orchestra has its headquarters in Sydney, however, spends most of its time touring both the world and Australia. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 547 KB) Summary Photo taken and supplied by Brian Voon Yee Yap. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 547 KB) Summary Photo taken and supplied by Brian Voon Yee Yap. ... Pro Hart gallery in Broken Hill Kevin Charles Pro Hart, MBE (May 30, 1928 – March 28, 2006), born in Broken Hill, New South Wales, was considered the father of the Australian Outback painting movement and his works are widely admired for capturing the true spirit of the outback. ... Broken Hill is an isolated mining city and Local Government Area in the far west of outback New South Wales, Australia, with a population of 21,000. ... The Sydney Symphony is a symphony orchestra based in Sydney, Australia. ... Opera Australia is Australias major opera company, formed by the merger of the Australian Opera and the Victorian State Opera companies in 1996. ... The Sydney Opera House is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The Art Gallery of New South Wales (AGNSW) located in The Domain in Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia, is the most important public gallery in Sydney and the second largest in Australia after the National Gallery of Victoria. ... The Sydney Jewish Museum in Sydney, Australia identifies the 16 Jews who arrived on the First Fleet and describes life for those people and their families in the early days in the settlement of Australia. ... Main door of Museum of Sydney The Museum of Sydney is built on the ruins of the house of Australias first governor-general, Governor Phillip. ... Australian Ballet is a leading Ballet dance company in Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... NIDA logo The NIDA complex The National Institute of Dramatic Art (NIDA) is an Australian national training institute for students of theatre, film, and television, based in the Sydney suburb of Kensington. ... The University of Sydney, established in Sydney in 1850, is the oldest university in Australia. ...


References

  1. ^ http://www.goway.com/downunder/australia/nsw/index.html#mystery
  2. ^ Phillip, Arthur (1789). The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay. Project Gutenberg. “With an Account of the Establishment of the Colonies of Port Jackson and Norfolk Island
  3. ^ Fletcher, B. H. (1967). Phillip, Arthur (1738 - 1814). Australian Dictionary of Biography pp 326-333. Melbourne University Press.
  4. ^ McLachlan, N. D. (1967). Macquarie, Lachlan (1762 - 1824). Australian Dictionary of Biography pp 187-195. Melbourne University Press.
  5. ^ Member Statistics. Parliament of New South Wales.
  6. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/[email protected]/39433889d406eeb9ca2570610019e9a5/0314304e999c07a0ca2572de00150218!OpenDocument
  7. ^ Demography, New South Wales, 2004 Final. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006-02-15).
  8. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/[email protected]/39433889d406eeb9ca2570610019e9a5/0314304e999c07a0ca2572de00150218!OpenDocument
  9. ^ World Temperature Extremes.
  10. ^ http://www.theregister.com/2007/10/09/wind_farm
  11. ^ http://www.business.nsw.gov.au/PDF/Trade%20and%20Investment-B3_top10_merch_exports.pdf
  12. ^ http://corporate.tourism.nsw.gov.au/scripts/runisa.dll?CORPORATELIVE.590808:HOMEPAGE:790544129:pp=UPPER,pc=HOME
  13. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/[email protected]/Latestproducts/1338.1Main%20Features1202007?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=1338.1&issue=2007&num=&view=
  14. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/[email protected]/Latestproducts/4177.0Main%20Features22005-06?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=4177.0&issue=2005-06&num=&view=

Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... For other uses, see Port Jackson (disambiguation). ... The Dictionary of Australian Biography is a reference work containing information on notable people associated with Australian history. ... Melbourne University Publishing (MUP) is the book publishing arm of the University of Melbourne (Australia). ... The Dictionary of Australian Biography is a reference work containing information on notable people associated with Australian history. ... Melbourne University Publishing (MUP) is the book publishing arm of the University of Melbourne (Australia). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Bureau of Meteorology is an Australian government organisation responsible for providing weather services to Australia and surrounding areas. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... New South Wales Highways of New South Wales This is a list of highways in New South Wales, Australia. ... Map of Local Government Areas in New South Wales Types of LGAs in New South Wales The Local Government Areas of New South Wales, Australia have been subject to periodic bouts of restructuring and rationalisation by the State Government, involving voluntary and involuntary amalgamation of areas. ... New South Wales has many interesting National Parks, including the Royal National Park on the southern edge of Sydney which is either the oldest or second oldest in the world. ... This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of New South Wales, a former British colony now part of Australia. ... The New South Wales Rural Fire Service (RFS) is a volunteer firefighting service and is responsible for providing fire protection to over 90% of the geographical area of the state of New South Wales in Australia. ... The Supreme Court of New South Wales is the highest state court for the Australian State of New South Wales. ... This is a list of the evolution of the borders of Australia. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
New South Wales - LoveToKnow 1911 (8635 words)
New South Wales is bounded by the Pacific Ocean on the E., by Queensland on the N., by South Australia on the W. and by Victoria on the S. It lies between 28° and 38° S. lat., and 141° and 154° E. long.
In the extreme south-east of New South Wales, at the head of the Genoa river, are sandstones with Archaeopteris howitti, which are an extension of the Lower Devonian beds of Victoria; while farther to the east, at Eden and Twofold Bay, are Upper Devonian sandstones.
In 1851, when separate autonomy was granted to Victoria, New South Wales had a population of 187,243, the annual imports were £2,078,338, the exports £ 2,399,5 80, the revenue was £575,794, and the colony contained 1 3 2,437 horses, 1,738,965 cattle and 13,059,324 sheep.
New South Wales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (945 words)
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is Australia's most populous state, located in the south-east of the country, north of Victoria and south of Queensland.
New South Wales is known the world over for the picturesque harbour of its capital, Sydney, Australia's oldest and largest city and a centre of international finance.
Queen Elizabeth II is the Sovereign, represented by the Governor of New South Wales.
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