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Encyclopedia > New Seven Wonders of the World
Location of the New Seven Wonders winners.

New Seven Wonders of the World is a contemporary attempt to create an alternative to the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World list. The worldwide popularity poll was organized by the private, non-profit New Open World Corporation (NOWC), with winners announced on July 7, 2007 in Lisbon, Portugal.[1] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 29 KB, MIME type: image/png) Source Based on image Image:New7wonders. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 29 KB, MIME type: image/png) Source Based on image Image:New7wonders. ... This article is about the Seven Ancient Wonders. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ...


The Swiss-based NOWC claims more than 100 million votes were cast through the Internet or by telephone. Since nothing prevented fans, government or tourism agencies from casting multiple votes, the poll is considered "decidedly unscientific".[2]


NOWC relied on private donations, the sale of merchandise such as shirts and cups, and revenue from selling broadcasting rights.


The program drew a wide range of official reaction. Some countries touted their finalist and tried to get more votes cast for it, while others downplayed or criticized the contest.[2][1] UNESCO has distanced itself from the undertaking.[3] UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...

Contents

History

The origin of the idea of "seven wonders of the world" dates back to Herodotus (484 BC – 425 BC) and Callimachus (305 BC – 240 BC), who made lists which included the Great Pyramid of Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus, Colossus of Rhodes and Lighthouse of Alexandria. Only the Great Pyramid of Giza is still standing. The other six were destroyed by earthquake, fire or other reasons.[4] Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Greek: HÄ“rodotos Halikarnāsseus) was a Greek historian from Ionia who lived in the 5th century BC (ca. ... Callimachus (Greek: ; ca. ... The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt in Africa, and is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the World. ... “Hanging Gardens” redirects here. ... A fanciful reconstruction of Phidias statue of Zeus, in an engraving made by Philippe Galle in 1572, from a drawing by Maarten van Heemskerck. ... The site of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus in Turkey. ... Map of Lydia in ancient times showing location of Ephesus and other ancient cities in western Anatolia Ephesus (Greek: , Turkish: ) was an Ionian Greek city in ancient Anatolia, founded by colonists from Athens in the 10th century BC[1]. The city was located in Ionia, where the Cayster River (K... A fanciful interpretation of the Mausoleum of Maussollos, from a 1572 engraving by Marten Heemskerk (1498–1574), who based his reconstruction on descriptions The Tomb of Maussollos, Mausoleum of Maussollos or Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (in Greek, ), was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey... Map of the Aegean Sea, showing the location of Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum, Turkey) Halicarnassus (; modern Bodrum; see also List of traditional Greek place names), an ancient Greek city on the southwest coast of Caria, Asia Minor, on a picturesque and advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf (Gulf of Cos, Gulf... “The Colossus of Rhodes” redirects here. ... Graphic reconstruction of the lighthouse according to a comprehensive study of 2006. ...

The finalist candidates for the New Seven Wonders.

According to the NOWC milestones page,[5], Swiss-originated québecois businessman Bernard Weber launched the project in September 1999. The project's web site started in 2001 when Mr. Weber paid $700 for a site based in Canada.[1] To be included on the new list, the wonders had to be man made, completed before 2000, and in an "acceptable" state of preservation. By November 24, 2005, 177 monuments were up for consideration. On January 1, 2006, the NOWC said the list had been narrowed to 21 sites,[6] later reduced to 20 following complaints from Egypt over the Pyramids' inclusion as a candidate in competition with others. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/png) a map of the 21 finalists for the vote of the new seven wonders of the world what I mad on paint File history Legend: (cur... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/png) a map of the 21 finalists for the vote of the new seven wonders of the world what I mad on paint File history Legend: (cur... In Canadian English, a Québécois (IPA: ) is a native or resident of the province of Quebec, Canada, although the term is used most usually to indicate those from the francophone population. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Monument (disambiguation). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The project assigned what it called "attributes" to each finalist, such as "perserverence" for the Great Wall of China, "passion" for the Taj Mahal, and "awe" for the Easter Island statues.


A midpoint tally reported a top 10 list which included all 7 winners, plus the Acropolis, Easter Island, and the Eiffel Tower. [7]


Federico Mayor, a former UNESCO Director General, was the president of project's expert panel as an individual.[8] NOWC is not connected with UNESCO.[9] Federico Mayor Zaragoza (b. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


Organisers stated that their aim was to use part of the revenue from the contest between the well-known monuments, from future votes, related merchandise, and use of the voters database [10], to set up, or contribute to, various restoration projects in the world [11]. [12][2]


After the final announcement, however, NOWC said it didn’t earn anything from the exercise and barely recovered its investments.[1][11]


Winners

In alphabetical order:

Wonder Location Image
Chichen Itza Yucatán, Mexico
Christ the Redeemer Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Colosseum Rome, Italy
Great Wall of China China
Machu Picchu Cuzco, Perú
Petra Jordan
Taj Mahal Agra, India
Great Pyramid of Giza
(Honorary Candidate, see below)
Cairo, Egypt

The company plans to develop a new list of seven wonders of nature through a similar process, taking nominations through August 8, 2008. Temple of the Warriors Chichen Itza is the largest of the Pre-Columbian archaeological sites in Yucat n, Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 106 Government  - Governor Ivonne Ortega Pacheco PRI  - Federal Deputies PAN: 4 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Hugo Laviada (PAN) Alfredo Rodríguez (PAN) Cleominio Zoreda (PRI) Area Ranked 20th  - State 38,402 km²  (14,827. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 230 KB)El Castillo, Chichén Itzá, being climbed by tourists. ... Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro Christ the Redeemer (Portuguese: ), is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Colosseum by night: exterior view of the best-preserved section. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 470 pixelsFull resolution (4827 × 2833 pixel, file size: 3. ... “Great Wall” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1299, 2189 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Machu Picchu (Quechua: Machu Pikchu Old Peak) is a pre-Columbian Inca city located at 2,430 m (7,970 ft) altitude[1] on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, about 70 km (44 mi) northwest of Cusco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... The Church of La Compañía on the Plaza de Armas in Cuzco Cuzco is a city in southeastern Peru in the Huatanay Valley (Sacred Valley), of the Andes mountain range. ... - Peru (Spanish: República del Perú) is a country in western South America, bordering Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1116 KB) This Picture was taken the 9th of April 2005 6. ... Petra (from petra, rock in Greek; Arabic: البتراء, Al-Butrā) is an archaeological site in Jordan, lying in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x800, 123 KB) The Khazneh, old city Petra, Jordania Khazneh w Petrze, Jordania File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Al Khazneh... Taj Mahal Location of the Taj Mahal within India The Taj Mahal (Devanagari: ताज महल, Nastaliq: تاج محل) is a mausoleum located in Agra, India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 605 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1015 pixel, file size: 537 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Taj Mahal Author: Amal Mongia. ... The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt in Africa, and is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the World. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Image File history File links Pyramide_Kheops. ...


Reactions

UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in a press release on June 20, 2007, reaffirmed that it has no link with the "private initiative", which it says would reflect "only the opinions of those with access to the Internet." The press release concluded:

There is no comparison between Mr. Weber’s mediatised campaign and the scientific and educational work resulting from the inscription of sites on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. The list of the 7 New Wonders of the World will be the result of a private undertaking, reflecting only the opinions of those with access to the Internet and not the entire world. This initiative cannot, in any significant and sustainable manner, contribute to the preservation of sites elected by this public.[3]

A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Egypt

Egyptian commentators have viewed it as competition to the status of the Great Pyramid of Giza, the only surviving monument of the original Ancient Wonders. "This is probably a conspiracy against Egypt, its civilization and monuments," wrote editorialist Al-Sayed al-Naggar in a leading state-owned daily. Egyptian Culture Minister Farouq Hosni said the project was "absurd" and described its creator, Weber, as a man "concerned primarily with self-promotion." Nagib Amin, an Egyptian expert on World Heritage Sites, has pointed out that "in addition to the commercial aspect, the vote has no scientific basis."[13] This article is about the Seven Ancient Wonders. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


After the complaints from Egypt, the New7Wonders Foundation designated the Pyramids of Giza — the only remaining of the 7 Ancient Wonders of the World — as an Honorary New7Wonders Candidate, and removed them from the voting.[14]


Brazil

In Brazil there was a campaign Vote no Cristo (Vote in the Christ) which had the support of private companies, namely telecommunications operators that stopped charging voters to make telephone calls to vote.[15] Additionally, leading corporate sponsors including Banco Bradesco and Rede Globo spent "millions" of dollars in the effort to have the statue voted into the top seven.[1] Newsweek reports the campaign was so pervasive that: Banco Bradesco, short for Banco Brasileiro de Descontos, that is Brazilian Discount Bank, is one of the Big Four banks in Brazil, the others being Banco do Brasil, Banco Itaú and Unibanco. ... Rede Globo (Portuguese: Globe Network) better known as Globo or TV Globo is Latin Americas biggest television network. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ...

One morning in June, Rio de Janeiro residents awoke to a beeping text message on their cell phones: “Press 4916 and vote for Christ. It’s free!” The same pitch had been popping up all over the city since late January—flashing across an electronic screen every time city-dwellers swiped their transit cards on city buses and echoing on TV infomercials that featured a reality-show celebrity posing next to the city’s trademark Christ the Redeemer statute.[1]

By early July, around 10 million Brazilians had voted in the contest.[1]


Chile

The Chilean representative for the Easter Island Moais, Alberto Hotus, said that the organizer, Bernard Weber, gave him a letter saying that the Moais had finished eighth and that they were "morally" one of the New Seven Wonders. Hotus said he was the only participant to receive such apology.[16] “Rapa Nui” redirects here. ... Ahu Tongariki, restored in the 1990s Moai are monolithic stone figures on Rapa Nui / Easter Island, Chile. ...


Jordan

Queen Rania Al-Abdullah of Jordan joined the campaign to back Petra, Jordan's national treasure.[1] The campaign was so successful, that despite Jordan only having a population of under 7 million people, over 14 million votes were made from the country.[1] Rania Al-Abdullah, Queen of Jordan (Arabic: رانيا العبدالله) (born Rania Al-Yasin on August 31, 1970), is the queen consort of King Abdullah II of Jordan. ...


India

Despite having the second largest population on Earth, the Taj Mahal of India was lagging at No.14 with just 0.8% of the votes just one month before the final declaration. Gradually, a campaign to publicise the campaign in India gathered speed and it reached a crescendo in July 2007. Every news channel, radio station, and many celebrities asked people to vote. Towards the end of the campaign, 13% of all votes being cast came from India.[17]


Other finalists

The other 13 finalists,[18] listed alphabetically, were:

Wonder Location
Acropolis of Athens Athens, Greece
Alhambra Granada, Spain
Angkor Wat Angkor, Cambodia
Easter Island Moais Easter Island, Chile
Eiffel Tower Paris, France
Hagia Sophia Istanbul, Turkey
Kiyomizu Temple Kyoto, Japan
Kremlin, Red Square,
and Saint Basil's Cathedral
Moscow, Russia
Neuschwanstein Castle Füssen, Germany
Statue of Liberty New York, United States
Stonehenge Amesbury, United Kingdom
Sydney Opera House Sydney, Australia
Timbuktu Mali

The Acropolis of Athens is the best known acropolis (high city, The Sacred Rock) in the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... The Alhambra (Arabic: الحمراء = Al-Ħamrā; literally the red) is a palace and fortress complex of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed), occupying a hilly terrace on the south-eastern border of the city of Granada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... For other uses, see Granada (disambiguation). ... Aerial view of Angkor Wat The main entrance to the temple proper, seen from the eastern end of the Naga causeway Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cambodia. ... Map of the Angkor region in Cambodia. ... Ahu Tongariki, restored in the 1990s Moai are monolithic stone figures on Rapa Nui / Easter Island, Chile. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... “Rapa Nui” redirects here. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Hagia Sophia The patriarchal basilica Hagia Sophia (Greek: ; Holy Wisdom), now known as the Ayasofya Museum, was the culmination of early Christian architecture. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Kiyomizu-dera Kiyomizu-dera (or Kiyomizudera, 清水寺) refers to several Buddhist temples but most commonly to Otowasan Kiyomizudera (音羽山清水寺) in Eastern Kyoto, and one of the best known sights of the city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Kyoto )   is a city in the central part of the island of HonshÅ«, Japan. ... The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Московский Кремль) is a historic fortified complex at the very heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River (to the south), Saint Basils Cathedral (often mistaken by westerners as the Kremlin) and Red Square (to the east) and the Alexander Garden (to the west). ... For other uses, see Red Square (disambiguation). ... á¹¢ St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Neuschwanstein seen from the Marienbrücke. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Füssen is a town in Bavaria, Germany, in the district Ostallgäu. ... For other monuments to freedom, see Monument of Liberty. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses, see Stonehenge (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... See also Amesbury, Massachusetts. ... The Sydney Opera House is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Timbuktu (Archaic English: Timbuctoo; Koyra Chiini: Tumbutu; French: Tombouctou) is a city in Tombouctou Region, Mali. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mali. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Dwoskin, Elizabeth (2007-07-09), "Vote for Christ", Newsweek, <http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19618905/site/newsweek/>. Retrieved on 2007-07-11
  2. ^ a b c http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-wonders8jul08,0,299368.story?coll=la-default-underdog
  3. ^ a b http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=38482&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
  4. ^ New Seven Wonders named amid controversy. Retrieved on 2007-09-07.
  5. ^ http://www.new7wonders.com/index.php?id=48 NOWC Milestone page
  6. ^ BBC News Article 2 Jan 2006
  7. ^ http://www.smh.com.au/news/travel/opera-house-fading-in-race-to-be-new-wonder/2007/06/14/1181414439693.html
  8. ^ Madrid 2004. Retrieved on 2007-07-07.
  9. ^ UNESCO is not involved. Retrieved on 2007-07-07.
  10. ^ The New Yorker: "Buddhas for Bamiyan" Retrieved 2007-7-16
  11. ^ a b BBC News: "More than a one-hit wonder?" Retrieved 2007-7-21
  12. ^ New Seven Wonders: "The New7Wonders Foundation" Retrieved on 2007-7-18
  13. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20070125/wl_mideast_afp/egyptarchaeology "Egypt fumes over fresh seven wonders competition for pyramids." Article retrieved Jan. 25, 2007
  14. ^ http://www.new7wonders.com/index.php?id=391 NWOC Pyramids of Giza
  15. ^ Sete Maravilhas: Brasil comemora eleição de Cristo Redentor (Portuguese). Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  16. ^ "Líder pascuense furioso porque le dieron a la isla un triunfo moral" Las Últimas Noticias July 10, 2007
  17. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/2007/jul/08wonders.htm "Taj Mahal joins wonders of the world list." Article retrieved July 23, 2007
  18. ^ Finalist Page

The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Las Últimas Noticias (Spanish: The Latest News) is a Chilean tabloid owned by El Mercurio SAP. Categories: | ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

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