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Encyclopedia > New Plymouth
New Plymouth
Country: New Zealand
Population: 49,500
(New Plymouth urban)
(2005 estimate)
Urban Area
Extent: Oakura to Bell Block
Territorial Authority
Name: New Plymouth District
Mayor: Peter Tennent
Extent: Okato to Mokau;
south to Tariki
Area: 2206 km²
Website: http://www.newplymouthnz.com
See also: South Taranaki, Stratford
Regional Council
Name: Taranaki Regional Council
Websites: http://www.trc.govt.nz
The 45 metre high Wind Wand on the New Plymouth waterfront

New Plymouth is the port and main city in the Taranaki region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... File links The following pages link to this file: New Plymouth ... Statistics New Zealand defines New Zealand urban areas for statistical purposes. ... Stratford is the main town of the central Taranaki region, aptly named as the Stratford District. Situated directly inland from Mount Taranaki, Stratford is a rural service centre with a 2001 population of 5225. ... Regions is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... View of Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont from Stratford, facing west. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... View of Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont from Stratford, facing west. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ...

The city is a service centre for the region's principal economic activities including intensive pastoral activities (mainly dairy farming) as well as oil, natural gas and petrochemical exploration and production. Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or more properly, an animal husbandry enterprise, raising female cattle, goats, or other lactating animals for long-term production of milk, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy for processing and eventual retail sale. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ...

New Plymouth is also a bustling financial centre as the home of the TSB Bank (formerly the Taranaki Savings Bank), which is the only 100% non-government New Zealand-owned bank. The population is about 49,000. Notable features are the excellent botanic gardens (eg Pukekura Park), the controversial 45 m high artwork called the wind wand designed by Len Lye, and picturesque views of Mount Taranaki (also known as Mount Egmont). TSB Bank TSB Bank or the Taranaki Savings Bank is the only, non-government 100% New Zealand-owned bank (as of 1996). ... Len Lye, born Leonard Charles Huia Lye (July 5, 1901 - May 15, 1980), was a New Zealand sculptor, artist, writer and film-maker. ... Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont [1] is a dormant stratovolcano located in the Taranaki region on the west coast of New Zealands North Island. ...

It is also noted for being a coastal city with a mountain within 30 minutes drive, where residents and visitors to New Plymouth can snowboard, ski, water ski and surf all in the same day.



Main Article: History of New Plymouth

In 1828 Richard "Dicky" Barrett (1807-47) set up a trading post at Ngamotu after arriving on the trading vessel Adventure. Barrett traded with the local Maori and helped negotiate the purchase of land from them on behalf of the New Zealand Company. The first of the town’s settlers arrived on the William Bryan, which anchored off the coast on March 31, 1841. A series of disputes over ownership and settlement of land developed soon after and New Plymouth became a fortified garrison town as soldiers fought Maori in the First Taranaki War. The city of New Plymouth, New Zealand, has a history that includes a lengthy occupation and residence by Maori, the arrival of white traders and settlers in the 19th century and warfare that resulted when the demands of the two cultures clashed. ... Richard Dicky Barrett (1807-47) was one of the first white traders in New Zealand. ... The Taranaki War is a conflict that took place between Maori and Pakeha in New Zealand from March 1860 to March 1861. ...

Growth and governance

Province of New Plymouth

The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 created the Province of New Plymouth, with a Provincial Council given jurisdiction over an area of 400,000ha. Five years later the name of the province was changed to Taranaki. A Town Board was formed in 1863 and in August 1876 the town was constituted as a borough. View of Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont from Stratford, facing west. ...

Borough/City of New Plymouth

Its new status did little to overcome some outside perceptions, however. In 1876 author E. W. Payton wrote that "all the great bustling 'cities' of the colony had a patronising way of trying to snub New Plymouth, referring to it in such derogatory terms as the dullest hole in the colony … nothing whatever to do there …I find a great liking for this 'slow, old hole' … it is a quiet, unassuming place and has not done so much to attract immigrants and settlers by exaggerating reports, as some districts have done."[1]

The Fitzroy Town District was merged with New Plymouth borough in August 1911; Vogeltown, Frankleigh Park and Westown were added a year later, followed by St Aubyn-Moturoa. By 1913 the town had a population of 7538. Seafront land was added in 1931 and 1941; land acquired on Omata Rd was added in 1955 and in 1960 large areas including land to the south of Paritutu, as well as Hurdon, Ferndale and Huatoki were included, as well as land straddling Mangorei Rd between the Henui Stream and Waiwakaiho River.

New Plymouth was declared a city in 1949.

New Plymouth District

In 1989, as a part of New Zealand-wide reorganisation of local government, the New Plymouth City Council was merged with the Taranaki County Council, the Inglewood Borough Council, Waitara Borough Council, and Clifton County Council to form the New Plymouth District Council.

Transport and industry

Electric power was first provided in January 1906 from the Mangorei power station alongside the Waiwakaiho River near Burgess Park.[2] Companies began searching for oil on the New Plymouth coast in 1865 after small deposits of thick oil were found on the shoreline. The first commercial quantities of oil were obtained in January 1866. Exploration continued sporadically and a refinery opened in 1913. Production ceased about 1972. The offshore Maui A well began production of natural gas in the late 1970s, sparking a flourishing energy and petrochemical industry. As Maui A’s resources decline, new sites in Taranaki are being developed in an effort to find more commercial petrochemical reserves.[3]

An 18km railway link between New Plymouth and Waitara was completed in 1875. Four years later another line reached south to Stratford. Hawera joined the link in 1881 and Wellington was connected in 1886. Only in 1932, when a line was finished between Stratford and Taumarunui, could Taranaki people travel to Auckland by rail.-1... Stratford is the main town of the central Taranaki region, aptly named as the Stratford District. Situated directly inland from Mount Taranaki, Stratford is a rural service centre with a 2001 population of 5225. ... Location within New Zealand The water tower at Hawera With a population of 11,000 Hawera is the second largest town in the Taranaki region of New Zealands North Island. ... Taumarunui 38°53. ...

The breakwater at Ngamotu was completed in 1883, providing safe berthage for vessels, and the Moturoa wharf was completed in 1888.

In 1916 the city’s overhead tramway system began and petrol-powered buses began running four years later. Trams were scrapped in 1953.

The first aircraft landed at the racecourse in 1920 and commercial flights began using the airport at Bell Block in June 1937. During the war this grass airfield became RNZAF Bell Block; and was replaced in 1966 by the current tarmac aerodrome, 3km NE of the old airport site.

Among the city's major industrial companies was Ivon Watkins-Dow, an agricultural chemicals company founded in 1944 by brothers Ivon, Harry and Dan Watkins and joined as a partner 20 years later by Dow Chemicals of Michigan. The company ran a factory at Paritutu making the herbicide 2,4,5-T. A 2005 study found that people who lived close to the Ivon Watkins-Dow plant between 1962 and 1987 were likely to have dioxin levels on average four times higher than the general public. In some groups the level was as much as seven times as high. A Public Health Medicine senior adviser has claimed that based on international findings, the residents' exposure to dioxin may cause increased rates of disease, in particular cancer. In March 2007 the Ministry of Health announced it would offer a major health support programme to anyone affected.[4][5][6] The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW TYO: 4850 ) is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) is an herbicide used to defoliate broad leafed plants. ... Dioxin is the common name for the group of compounds classified as polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs). ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ...


New Plymouth has a warm, moist, temperate climate. The average summer afternoon temperature is 21-22ºC; average summer night-time temperature is 12-13ºC. In winter the average afternoon temperature is 13-14ºC and night-time temperature is 5-6ºC. The average annual rainfall is 1436mm.

Sister Cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Kunming (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Mishima (三島市; -shi) is a city located in Shizuoka, Japan. ...


  1. ^ As quoted by J.S. Tullett, who cites "Early Days, Taranaki" by F. B. Butler (1942).
  2. ^ Puke Ariki essay on electricity generation in Taranaki
  3. ^ New Plymouth District Council website.
  4. ^ "Health support for Taranaki residents exposed to dioxin", New Zealand Herald, March 27, 2007
  5. ^ "The Poisoning of New Zealand", Investigate magazine
  6. ^ "Search on for former Paritutu residents", Press release by Hon Damien O'Connor, April 3, 2003

External links

  • New Plymouth
  • Wind Wand
  • Puke Ariki: Taranaki's combined museum, library and visitor information centre
  • New Plymouth Street Map

Coordinates: 39°04′S, 174°05′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

  Results from FactBites:
New Plymouth - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (379 words)
New Plymouth is the port and main city in the Taranaki region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand.
The area where New Plymouth was founded had been the historic home for several Maori iwi (tribes) for centuries.
New Plymouth is also a bustling financial centre as the home of the Taranaki Savings Bank, which is the only 100%, non-government, New Zealand-owned bank in the country and has topped banking surveys in customer service and satisfaction.
Plymouth, New Hampshire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (670 words)
Plymouth was originally the site of an Abenaki village that was, tragically, burned to the ground by Captain Thomas Baker in the 1720s.
Plymouth is drained by the Pemigewasset and Baker rivers.
Plymouth Mountain, elevation 2,187 feet (667 meters), is in the south, and Tenney Mountain, elevation 2,310 feet (704 meters), is in the west.
  More results at FactBites »



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