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Encyclopedia > New Party (Republic of China)
Flag of the Republic of China
Politics of the
Republic of China (Taiwan)

Political parties - Elections Republic of China flag, drawn by User: Kibinsky. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently has jurisdiction over Taiwan, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Pescadores Islands (Penghu) and several smaller islands. ... The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, Taiwanese POJ: Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok) is a multiparty democratic state that is effectively composed of the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy... The Three Principles of the People (Traditional Chinese: 三民主義 ; Pinyin: Sān Mín ZhÇ”yì ; Wade-Giles: San-min Chu-i), also translated as Three Peoples Principles, or collectively Sanmin Doctrine, is a political philosophy developed by Sun Yat-sen as part of a program to make China a... The Office of the President of the Republic of China is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ... The President of the Executive Yuan (行政院長), colloquially referred to as the Premier (閣揆), is the head of the Executive Yuan or executive branch of the Republic of China government which currently administers Taiwan. ... The Executive Yuan (行政院; literally executive court) is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China. ... The Legislative Yuan (Chinese: 立法院 pinyin: Lìfǎ Yùan, literally law-establishing court) is the legislative body of the Republic of China, which currently administers Taiwan, Penghu, Quemoy, and Matsu Islands. ... The Judicial Yuan (司法院) is one of five branches of the Republic of China government in Taipei and serves as the highest judicial organ in Taiwan. ... The Control Yuan (監察院), one of five branches of the Republic of China government in Taipei, is a watchdog agency that monitors (controls) the government. ... The Examination Yuan (考試院) is one of five government branches of the Republic of China and is in charge of validating the qualification of civil servants. ... The National Assembly (Chinese: 國民大會, pinyin: Gúomín Dàhùi) was the Constitutional Convention (and formerly an electoral college) of the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Political parties in Taiwan lists political parties in Taiwan (Republic of China). ... Elections in Taiwan gives information on election and election results in the Republic of China (Taiwan). ...

Political status of Taiwan
Legal status of Taiwan
Taiwan independence
Chinese reunification Taiwan Strait Area The political status of Taiwan is controversial over questions about whether Taiwan should remain the Republic of China, become part of the Peoples Republic of China, or become an independent Republic of Taiwan. ... The legal question of which legal entity holds de jure sovereignty over Taiwan is a controversial issue. ... Taiwan independence (Chinese: 台灣獨立, pinyin: Táiwān dúlì, Taiwanese Romanization: Tâi-oân To̍k-li̍p; abbreviated to 台獨, Táidú, Tâi-to̍k) is a political movement whose goal is primarily to create an independent and sovereign Republic of Taiwan that is politically, culturally, and geographically... Chinese unification is a goal of Chinese nationalism which is the unification of all of China under a single political entity. ...

The New Party (新黨, xīndăng), formerly the Chinese New Party (CNP; 中華新黨, zhōnghúa xīndăng), is a political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan. A political party is a political organization that subscribes to a certain ideology and seeks to attain political power within a government. ... The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, Taiwanese POJ: Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok) is a multiparty democratic state that is effectively composed of the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy...


The Chinese New Party was formed out of a split from the then-ruling Kuomintang by members of the New Kuomintang Alliance in August 1993. Members of the Alliance had accused KMT Chairman Lee Teng-hui of autocratic tendencies and moving the party away from Chinese reunification. Originally, the party wanted to keep the name of the faction, but was prevented from doing so due to the similarity of names. The name "New Party" was seemingly inspired by the contemporary electoral success of the Japanese political party Shin-to Sakigake ("New Party Renegades"; see Politics of Japan). The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang) is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ... The New Kuomintang Alliance (Hsin Kuomintang Lienhsien) was a faction of Kuomintang in the Republic of China on Taiwan, active late 20th century. ... Lee Teng-hui, former President of the Republic of China Lee Teng-hui (Chinese: 李登輝; Taiwanese Romanization: Lí Teng-hui; pinyin: Lǐ DÄ“nghuÄ«; born January 15, 1923) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Chinese unification is a goal of Chinese nationalism which is the unification of all of China under a single political entity. ... The New Party Sakigake (新党さきがけ Shinto Sakigake) was a Japanese political party that broke away from the Liberal Democratic Party on June 22, 1993. ... There is still dispute as to whether Japan is a constitutional monarchy or a republic. ...


In the mid-1990s, the New Party attracted support from the KMT old guard as well as young urban professionals. The New Party was aided by former Finance Minister Wang Chien-shien and former Environmental Protection Administration Director Jaw Shaw-kong, who had charismatic and clean images. Wang Chien-shien (王建煊 Pinyin: Wáng Jiànxuān) (born August 7, 1938) is a founder of the New Party. ...


However, intra-party struggles diminished the party's attraction, and the party became increasingly vulnerable to the accusation that is was a special interest party of Mainlanders in Taiwan. In the 2000 Presidential Election, the party nominated writer and dissident Li Ao who ran a spirited but token campaign. In the election, most members of the party supported James Soong and in fact both Li Ao and the convenor of the New Party encouraged people to do so. Mainlanders are those humans who live, or were born, in a mainland. ... The Election for the 10th-term President and Vice-President of the Republic of China (第十任中華民國總統、副總統選舉), the second ever direct elections for President and Vice President of the Republic of China on Taiwan and the 10th under the 1947 Constitution, were held on March 18, 2000. ... Li Ao (李敖 pinyin Lǐ Áo) (born April 25, 1935), is a satirist, social commentator, historian, and politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Soong Chu-yu James Chu-yu Soong (宋楚瑜 Wade-Giles: Sung Chu-yü; pinyin: Sòng Chǔyú; born March 16, 1942) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Li Ao (李敖 pinyin Lǐ Áo) (born April 25, 1935), is a satirist, social commentator, historian, and politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ...


The party was hard hit by the formation of the People First Party after the 2000 elections. Many members and leaders of the New Party, seeing the PFP as a more viable party defected to the PFP. Furthermore, the movement of the Kuomintang back to reunification in 2001 also took with it many voters. The party was essentially annihilated in the legislative elections of December 2001, winning only one seat in Quemoy and was also damaged by the fact that one of its more popular members Wang Chien-shien failed to win the county administrator seat for Taipei county despite pro forma support from all of the members of the pan-blue coalition. The party reemerged in the December 2002 elections, where five of its six candidates for the Taipei City council won election with 9% of the vote. In the 2004 legislative election, the New Party is fielding seven out of its eight candidates under the KMT banner and leaving one candidate to signify the continued existence of the party (a minimum of eight is needed to form a legislative caucus). Plans are underway for a organizational merger with the KMT after the election, a move criticized by some in the PFP because it would pressure the PFP to follow suit. The People First Party (親民黨, pinyin: Qīnmíndǎng) is a conservative political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... The Election for the 5th Legislative Yuan (第五屆立法委員選舉) of the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan was held on December 1, 2001. ... Quemoy, Kinmen, or Chinmen (金門, pinyin: Jīnmén, POJ: Kim-mn̂g) (pop. ... Wang Chien-shien (王建煊 Pinyin: Wáng Jiànxuān) (born August 7, 1938) is a founder of the New Party. ... City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... The Election for the 6th Legislative Yuan (第六屆立法委員選舉) of the Republic of China on Taiwan was held on December 11, 2004. ...


As New Party grew out of Kuomintang, it is usually associated with the pan-blue coalition. Its party color is yellow. The Pan-Blue Coalition, or Pan-Blue Force (Chinese: 泛藍軍; pinyin: fàn lán jūn), is a political coalition in early 21st century Taiwan, consisting of the Kuomintang (KMT), the People First Party (PFP), and the smaller New Party (CNP). ...


See also:

The Republic of China (ROC) currently has jurisdiction over Taiwan, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Pescadores Islands (Penghu) and several smaller islands. ... Political parties in Taiwan lists political parties in Taiwan (Republic of China). ...

External link

  • New Party official web site

  Results from FactBites:
 
New Party (Republic of China) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (455 words)
The New Party (新黨, xīndăng), formerly the Chinese New Party (CNP; 中華新黨, zhōnghúa xīndăng), is a political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan.
However, intra-party struggles diminished the party's attraction, and the party became increasingly vulnerable to the accusation that is was a special interest party of Mainlanders in Taiwan.
In the 2004 legislative election, the New Party is fielding seven out of its eight candidates under the KMT banner and leaving one candidate to signify the continued existence of the party (a minimum of eight is needed to form a legislative caucus).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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