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Encyclopedia > New Party (Oswald Mosley)

The New Party were a political party briefly active in the United Kingdom in the early 1930s. They were formed by Oswald Mosley, who had become disaffected with the Labour Party when at their 1930 conference they narrowly rejected his "Mosley Manifesto", a document he had written outlining how he would deal with the problem of unemployment. A political party is a political organization that subscribes to a certain ideology and seeks to attain political power within a government. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented Science Nuclear fission discovered by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann Pluto, the ninth planet from the Sun, is discovered by Clyde Tombaugh British biologist Arthur Tansley coins term ecosystem War, peace and politics Socialists proclaim The death of Capitalism Rise to... Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, 6th Baronet ( November 16, 1896 - December 3, 1980) was a British politician principally known as the founder of the British Union of Fascists. ... The Labour Party is a centre-left or social democratic political party in the United Kingdom (see British politics), and one of the United Kingdoms three main political parties. ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...

On December 8, 1930 Mosley published an expanded version of the "Mosley Manifesto", which attracted the support of 16 Labour MPs. On February 28, 1931 Mosley resigned from the Labour Party, launching the New Party the following day, attracting the allegiance of six Labour MPs initially, although two resigned membership after a day and sat in the House of Commons as independent MPs. December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The House of Commons is a component of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also includes the Sovereign and the House of Lords. ...

The New Party's first electoral contest was at the Ashton-under-Lyne by-election in April, 1931. With a threadbare organisation they polled some 16% of the vote, splitting the Labour vote and allowing a Conservative to be returned to the Commons. Ashton-under-Lyne is a town in Greater Manchester with a population of 44,400 (2001 estimate). ... April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... The Conservative Party is the largest political party on the right in the United Kingdom. ...

The New Party programme was built on the "Mosley Manifesto", with them advocating a national policy to meet the economic crisis that the Great Depression had brought. They favoured the granting of wide ranging powers to the government, with only general control by Parliament with a five member Cabinet without specific portfolio, similar to the War Cabinet adopted during the First World War. Their economic strategy broadly followed Keynesian thinking and suggested widespread investment into housing to provide work and improve housing standards overall. The Great Depression was a global economic slump that began in 1929 and bottomed in 1933. ... Alternative meanings: Parliamentary system, Parliament (band), Parliament (cigarette). ... Alternate meanings in cabinet (disambiguation) A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... A War Cabinet is committee formed by a government in time of war. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Keynesian economics, or Keynesianism, is an economic theory based on the ideas of John Maynard Keynes, as put forward in his book The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, published in 1936 in response to the Great Depression of the 1930s. ...

Mosley's tendency to want to control the policy making decision of the New Party forced many members to resign membership. However, later in 1931 a Conservative MP and a Liberal MP both joined the New Party. At the 1931 general election the New Party contested 24 seats, but only Mosley himself, and a candidate in Merthyr Tydfil (where they stood against only the Labour Party) polled a decent amount of votes. The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as... Merthyr Tydfil (Welsh: Merthyr Tudful) is a town and county borough in the traditional county of Glamorgan, south Wales, with a population of about 55,000. ...

Following the election Mosley toured Europe and became convinced of the virtues of Fascism. Some parts of the New Party had already began to adopt fascist thinking, its youth movement for example, and in 1932 Mosley united the various fascist organisations in the UK, forming the British Union of Fascists, to which the New Party subsumed itself. World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... The flag of the British Union of Fascists showing the Flash and Circle symbolic of action within unity The British Union of Fascists (BUF) was a political party of the 1930s in the United Kingdom. ...

The name has been brought back as a second New Party has been launched in Britain. The New Party (UK)



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