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Encyclopedia > New Mexico
State of New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico
Flag of New Mexico Seal
Nickname(s): Land of Enchantment
Motto(s): Crescit eundo
Official language(s) None
Demonym New Mexican
Capital Santa Fe
Largest city Albuquerque
Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area
Area  Ranked 5th in the US
 - Total 121,665 sq mi
(315,194 km²)
 - Width 342 miles (550 km)
 - Length 370 miles (595 km)
 - % water 0.2
 - Latitude 31° 20′ N to 37° N
 - Longitude 103° W to 109° 3′ W
Population  Ranked 35th in the US
 - Total 1,969,915 (2007)
 - Density 14.98/sq mi 
5.79/km² (45th in the US)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Wheeler Peak[1]
13,161 ft  (4,011 m)
 - Mean 5,692 ft  (1,735 m)
 - Lowest point Red Bluff Reservoir[1]
2,842 ft  (866 m)
Admission to Union  January 6, 1912 (47th)
Governor Bill Richardson (D)
Lieutenant Governor Diane Denish (D)
U.S. Senators Pete Domenici (R)
Jeff Bingaman (D)
Congressional Delegation List
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations NM US-NM
Website www.newmexico.gov
New Mexico Portal

The State of New Mexico (pronounced /nuːˈmɛksɨkoʊ/) is located in the southwestern region of the United States of America. It has been inhabited by Native American populations and has been part of the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain, part of Mexico, and a U.S. territory. Among U.S. states, New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanic Americans, comprising both recent immigrants and descendants of Spanish colonists.[2] It also has the third-highest percentage of Native Americans after Alaska and Oklahoma, and the fifth-highest total number of Native Americans after California, Oklahoma, Arizona, and Texas.[3] The tribes represented in the state consist of mostly Navajo and Pueblo peoples. As a result, the demographics and culture of the state are unique for their strong Spanish, Mexican, and American Indian cultural influences. The climate of the state is highly arid and its territory is mostly covered by mountains and desert. At a population density of 15 per square mile, New Mexico is the sixth most sparsely inhabited U.S. State. Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Mexico. ... Not GFDL. Seal of the state of New Mexico. ... Flag of New Mexico The flag of New Mexico consists of a red sun symbol of the Zia on a field of yellow. ... The Great Seal of New Mexico is the official seal of the U.S. State of New Mexico and was adopted in [1913] The Great Seal of New Mexico When New Mexico became a state in 1912, the Legislature named a Commission for the purpose of designing a State Seal. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Great Seal of New Mexico with the motto crescit eundo. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The United States does not have an official language, but English is spoken by about 82% of the population as a native language. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... Albuquerque redirects here. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... Map of New Mexico highlighting the Albuquerque metropolitan area. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a complete list of the states of the United States ordered by total area, land area, and water area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... “km” redirects here. ... Map of states populations (2007) This is a list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of July 1, 2007, according to the 2007 estimates of the United States Census Bureau. ... Map of states showing population density This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ... This is a list of United States states by elevation. ... Summit Sign at . ... Red Bluff Reservoir is an artificial lake formed by the Red Bluff Dam in the Pecos river, and is situated about 40 miles (approx. ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... For other persons named William Richardson, see William Richardson (disambiguation). ... This is a complete and current List of United States Lieutenant Governors. ... Diane D. Denish is a strong leader with a proven record of results for the people of New Mexico. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Pietro Pete Vichi Domenici (born May 7, 1932) is a powerful Republican United States senator from New Mexico. ... Jesse Francis Jeff Bingaman Jr. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... These are tables of congressional delegations from New Mexico to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of U.S. time zones with new CST and EST areas displayed This is a list of United States of America States by time zone. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The following is a list of abbreviations used by the United States Postal Service. ... U.S. states This is a list of traditional abbreviations for U.S. states and territorries, which were in wide use prior to the U.S. postal abbreviations. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... The Southwest could be defined as the states south, or for the most part west of the Mississippi River, with the qualification of a certain northern limit, such as the 37, or 38, or 39, or 40 degree north line. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States and their history after European contact, chiefly in what is now the United States. ... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... A viceroy is somebody who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch. ... map of New Spain in red, with territories claimed but not controlled in orange. ... Currently, all United States territories are either unincorporated (meaning that they are not fully part of the United States, with all aspects of the United States Constitution applying automatically) or unorganized (meaning that they do not have a form of government specified by an Organic Act passed by the United... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... This article refers to a colony in politics and history. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States and their history after European contact, chiefly in what is now the United States. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... The Navajo people (or Diné) of the Southwestern United States are currently the largest Native American tribe in North America, with an estimated tribal population of 300,000. ... It has been suggested that Pueblo be merged into this article or section. ... Mount Cook, a mountain in New Zealand A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... This article is about arid terrain. ...

Contents

Geography

Desert scene not far from Chaco Canyon
Desert scene not far from Chaco Canyon
Further information: List of New Mexico counties
Digitally colored elevation map of NM

The state's total area is 121,665 square miles (315,110 km²). The eastern border of New Mexico lies along 103° W longitude with the state of Oklahoma, and three miles (5 km) west of 103.5° W longitude with Texas. On the southern border, Texas makes up the eastern two-thirds, while the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora make up the western third, with Chihuahua making up about 90% of that. The western border with Arizona runs along the 109° 03' W longitude. The 37° N latitude parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado. The states New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah come together at the Four Corners in the northwestern corner of New Mexico. New Mexico, although a large state, has little water. Its surface water area is only about 250 square miles (650 km²). New Mexico's average precipitation rate is only 15 inches (380 mm) a year. Kiva at Pueblo Del Arroyo Chaco Culture National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park and World Heritage Site which contains the densest and most exceptional concentration of large pueblos in the American Southwest. ... List of New Mexico counties: New Mexico counties Bernalillo County one of the 9 original counties formed in 1852. ... Download high resolution version (1324x1387, 262 KB) SOURCE: http://wwwflag. ... Download high resolution version (1324x1387, 262 KB) SOURCE: http://wwwflag. ... Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... THEY SUC |native_name = |nickname = Lady of the Desert |settlement_type = |motto = |image_skyline = |imagesize = |image_caption = |image_flag = Mexico stateflags Chihuahua. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... The 32nd meridian of longitude west from Washington is a line of longitude approximately 109. ... The 37th parallel north is a line of latitude that crosses over the continents of North America, Europe, Africa, and Asia, and the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... This article is about the geographical term. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Four Corners region is in the red area on this map The Four Corners Monument, placed by the Interior Department at the exact point. ...


The landscape ranges from wide, rose-colored deserts to broken mesas to high, snow-capped peaks. Despite New Mexico's arid image, heavily forested mountain wildernesses cover a significant portion of the state, especially towards the north. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains, the southernmost part of the Rocky Mountains, run roughly north-south along the east side of the Rio Grande (Big River) in the rugged, pastoral north. The most important of New Mexico's rivers are the Rio Grande, Pecos, Canadian, San Juan, and Gila. The Rio Grande is the eighth longest river in the U.S. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Mesa (disambiguation). ... This article is about a community of trees. ... The Sangre de Cristo Mountains are a mountain range of the Rocky Mountains located in northern New Mexico and southern Colorado in the United States. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... “Río Bravo” redirects here. ... “Río Bravo” redirects here. ... Pecos can refer to several things: Pecos, Texas Pecos County, Texas The Pecos River Pecos, New Mexico Pecos Bill The Pecos Classification This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Main articles: History of Canada, Timeline of Canadian history Canada has been inhabited by aboriginal peoples (known in Canada as First Nations) for at least 40,000 years. ... San Juan, the Spanish for Saint John, is a common toponym in parts of the world where Spanish is or was spoken: Argentina San Juan Province San Juan, Argentina, the capital of that province Cuba San Juan Hill Mexico San Juan, Campeche San Juan, Chihuahua San Juan, Coahuila San Juan... Gila may refer to: Gila, a genus of cyprinid fish known as chubs Gila monster, a venomous lizard Gila County, Arizona Gila river, a Colorado tributary Gila trout Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, a national monument in New Mexico Gila Desert, the informal name of Sonoran Desert Gila Woodpecker, a...


Cacti, yuccas, creosote bush, sagebrush, and desert grasses cover the broad, semiarid plains that cover the southern portion of the state. Subfamilies Cactoideae Maihuenioideae Opuntioideae Pereskioideae See also taxonomy of the Cactaceae A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus) is any member of the succulent plant family Cactaceae, native to the Americas. ... Species many, see text The yuccas comprise the genus Yucca of 40-50 species of perennials, shrubs, and trees in the agave family Agavaceae, notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal clusters of white or whitish flowers. ... Binomial name Larrea tridentata (Sessé & Moc. ... Binomial name Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ...


The Federal government protects millions of acres of New Mexico as national forests including: This article is on national forests in the United States. ...

Other protected lands include the following national monuments and parks: Map of the Carson National Forest Carson National Forest is a national forest in Northern New Mexico, United States. ... The Cibola National Forest stretches from western Oklahoma to western New Mexico. ... Albuquerque redirects here. ... The Lincoln National Forest is a protected national forest in the State of New Mexico in the southwestern United States. ... A map of the Santa Fe National Forest showing the widely separated Ranger Districts. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... The Gila National Forest is a protected national forest in New Mexico in the southwestern United States established in 1905. ... Gila Wilderness was designated the worlds first wilderness area on 1924-06-03 and covers a total of 558,014 acres (2258 km²).[1] Along with Aldo Leopold Wilderness and Blue Range Wilderness, it is part of New Mexicos Gila National Forest. ...

Visitors also frequent the surviving native pueblos of New Mexico. Tourists visiting these sites bring significant monies to the state. Other areas of geographical and scenic interest include Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument and the Valles Caldera National Preserve. The Gila Wilderness lies in the southwest of the state. West walls of the ruins The Aztec Ruins National Monument is a U.S. National Monument, centered around ancestral Pueblo structures in north-western New Mexico, United States, located close to the town of Aztec. ... Aztec (Navajo Kinteel) is a city located in San Juan County, New Mexico. ... Not to be confused with Bandolier. ... Los Alamos is an unincorporated townsite in Los Alamos County, New Mexico. ... Capulin Volcano National Monument - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Carlsbad Caverns National Park is a United States National Park located in the Guadalupe Mountains in southeastern New Mexico. ... It has been suggested that Carlsbad North, New Mexico be merged into this article or section. ... Kiva at Pueblo Del Arroyo Chaco Culture National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park and World Heritage Site which contains the densest and most exceptional concentration of large pueblos in the American Southwest. ... Nageezi (Navajo Naayízí) is a census-designated place located in San Juan County, New Mexico. ... El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail is a part of the United States National Historic Trail system. ... View of the El Malpais Lava Fields El Malpais National Monument is off I-40 in western New Mexico, USA, near Cibola National Forest. ... The Grants Mining Museum, next to Historic Route 66. ... Aerial view of El Morro. ... Ramah (Navajo Tłʼohchiní) is a census-designated place located in McKinley County, New Mexico. ... Fort Union National Monument is a unit of the National Park Service located in Watrous, New Mexico. ... Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument in southwestern New Mexico was established as a national monument November 16, 1907. ... Location in the State of New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Grant Founded 1878 Government  - Mayor James R. Marshall Area  - Town  10. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Pecos National Historical Park is a National Historical Park in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... Pecos is a village located in San Miguel County, New Mexico. ... Petroglyph National Monument stretches 17 miles (27 km) along Albuquerques West Mesa, a volcanic basalt escarpment that dominates the city’s western horizon. ... Once, thriving American Indian trade communities of Tiwa and Tompiro speaking Puebloans inhabited this remote frontier area of central New Mexico. ... Mountainair is a town located in Torrance County, New Mexico. ... The Santa Fe Trail was an important route in the western United States, leading from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... White Sands National Monument is well-known for its fields of white sand dunes composed of gypsum crystals. ... Alamogordo is a city in Otero County, New Mexico, United States of America. ... Tent Rocks near Monument Entrance Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks, located 40 miles southwest of Santa Fe, New Mexico, is a BLM managed site that was established as a U.S. National Monument by President Clinton in January 2001 shortly before leaving office. ... Valle Grande (Va-lye Gra-n-de), also known as the Valles Caldera, is a pristine area in the Jemez Mountains of northern New Mexico in the United States. ... Gila Wilderness was designated the worlds first wilderness area on 1924-06-03 and covers a total of 558,014 acres (2258 km²).[1] Along with Aldo Leopold Wilderness and Blue Range Wilderness, it is part of New Mexicos Gila National Forest. ...

See also: Delaware Basin

The Delaware Basin in West Texas and southern New Mexico is famous for holding large oil fields and for exposing a fossilized reef. ...

History

Main article: History of New Mexico
Wagon in the mechanics corral of Fort Union National Monument, New Mexico
Wagon in the mechanics corral of Fort Union National Monument, New Mexico

The first known inhabitants of New Mexico were members of the Clovis culture of Paleo-Indians. Indeed the culture is named for the New Mexico city where the first artifacts of this culture were discovered. Later inhabitants include Native Americans of the Anasazi and the Mogollon cultures. By the time of European contact in the 1500s, the region was settled by the villages of the Pueblo peoples and groups of Navajo, Apache and Ute. The History of New Mexico was first recorded by the Spanish who encountered Native American Pueblos when they explored the area in the 1500s. ... Image File history File links Foun_wagon. ... Image File history File links Foun_wagon. ... The Clovis culture (sometimes referred to as the Llano culture[1]) is a prehistoric Paleoindian culture that first appears in the archaeological record of North America around 11,500 rcbp radiocarbon years ago, at the end of the last glacial period. ... Paleo-Indians is an English term used to refer to the ancient peoples of America who were present at the end of the last Ice Age. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States and their history after European contact, chiefly in what is now the United States. ... Ancient Pueblo People, or Ancestral Puebloans is the preferred term for the group of peoples often known as Anasazi who are the ancestors of the modern Pueblo peoples. ... The Mogollon (IPA pronunciation: ) is the name applied to one of the four major prehistoric archaeological culture areas of the American Southwest and Northern Mexico. ... It has been suggested that Pueblo be merged into this article or section. ... The Navajo people (or Diné) of the Southwestern United States are currently the largest Native American tribe in North America, with an estimated tribal population of 300,000. ... For other uses, see Apache (disambiguation). ... Look up ute in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Francisco Vasquez de Coronado assembled an enormous expedition at Compostela in 1540–1542 to explore and find the mystical Seven Golden Cities of Cibola as described by Cabeza de Vaca who had just arrived from his eight-year ordeal traveling from Florida to Mexico. Coronado's men found several mud baked pueblos in 1541, but found no rich cities of gold. Further widespread expeditions found no fabulous cities anywhere in the Southwest or Great Plains. A dispirited and now poor Coronado and his men began their journey back to Mexico leaving New Mexico behind. Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (ca. ... Compostela is a both a municipality and the municipal seat of the same in the Mexican state of Nayarit. ... // The origin of the legend Quivira and Cíbola are two of the fantastic Seven Cities of Gold existing only in a myth that originated around the year 1150 when the Moors conquered Mérida, Spain. ... Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (c. ...


Over 50 years after Coronado, Juan de Oñate founded the San Juan colony on the Rio Grande in 1598, the first permanent European settlement in the future state of New Mexico. Oñate pioneered the grandly named El Camino Real, "Royal Road," as a 700 mile (1,100 km) trail from the rest of New Spain to his remote colony. Oñate was made the first governor of the new Province of New Mexico. The Native Americans at Acoma revolted against this Spanish encroachment but faced severe suppression. Don Juan de Oñate Salazar (1552 – 1626) was a Spanish explorer, colonial governor of the New Spain (present-day Mexico) province of New Mexico, and founder of various settlements in the present day Southwest of the United States. ... San Juan is a census-designated place located in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. ... El Camino Real (Spanish for the Royal or Kings Highway) was the name of a series of pre-automobile highways linking the various New World colonies of Spain: There is an El Camino Real in California; see: El Camino Real (California); that road provoked a Jargon File bilingual homographic... map of New Spain in red, with territories claimed but not controlled in orange. ... New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo México or alternatively Santa Fe de Nuevo México) was a province of New Spain that existed from the late 16th century up through the early 19th century. ... Photograph of Enchanted Mesa taken from Aaku - 1899 Acoma Pueblo (Western Keresan dialect: Aaku; Zuni: Hakukya), also known as Sky City, is a Native American pueblo built on top of a 367-foot (112 m) sandstone mesa in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ...

Pueblo Ruins at Aztec Ruins National Monument.

In 1609, Pedro de Peralta, a later governor of the Province of New Mexico, established the settlement of Santa Fe at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. The city, along with most of the settled areas of the state, was abandoned by the Spanish for 12 years (1680-1692) as a result of the successful Pueblo Revolt. After the death of the Pueblo leader Popé, Diego de Vargas restored the area to Spanish rule. While developing Santa Fe as a trade center, the returning settlers founded the old town of Alburquerque in 1706, naming it for the viceroy of New Spain, the Duke of Alburquerque. The name later evolved into its present form of Albuquerque. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 969 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico by David Jolley 2007. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 969 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico by David Jolley 2007. ... The following is a list of governors of the Province of New Mexico under the Viceroyalty of New Spain. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... The Sangre de Cristo Mountains are a mountain range of the Rocky Mountains located in northern New Mexico and southern Colorado in the United States. ... 1680-The Pueblo Revolt, by George Chacón, Taos Mural Project The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 or Popés Rebellion was an uprising of many pueblos of the Pueblo people against Spanish colonization of the Americas in the New Spain province of New Mexico. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Diego de Vargas Zapata y Luján Ponce de León y Contreras (1643 – 1704), commonly known as Don Diego de Vargas, was a Spanish Governor of the New Spain territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México, today the U.S. state of New Mexico, titular 1688 – 1692, effective... This article is about the largest city of New Mexico. ...


Mexican province

As a part of New Spain, the claims for the province of New Mexico passed to independent Mexico following the 1810-1821 Mexican War of Independence. During the brief 26 year period of nominal Mexican control, Mexican authority and investment in New Mexico were weak, as their often conflicted government had little time or interest in a New Mexico that had been poor since the Spanish settlements started. Some Mexican officials, saying they were wary of encroachments by the growing United States, and wanting to reward themselves and their friends, began issuing enormous land grants (usually free) to groups of Mexican families as an incentive to populate the province. map of New Spain in red, with territories claimed but not controlled in orange. ... Combatants Mexico Spain Commanders Miguel Hidalgo José María Morelos Vicente Guerrero Spanish colonial authorities Strength  ?  ? Casualties  ?  ? Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821), was an armed conflict between the people of Mexico and Spanish colonial authorities, which started on September 16, 1810. ... A land grant is a gift of land made by the government for projects such as roads, railroads, or especially academic institutions. ...


Small trapping parties from the United States had previously reached and stayed in Santa Fe, but the Spanish authorities officially forbade them to trade. Trader William Becknell returned to the United States in November 1821 with news that independent Mexico now welcomed trade through Santa Fe. William Becknell (1787 or 1788-1856) Amherst County, Virginia US was a freighter and the first white man to open what became known as the Santa Fe Trail to trade. ...


William Becknell left Independence, Missouri, for Santa Fe early in 1822 with the first party of traders. The Santa Fe Trail trading company, headed by the brothers Charles Bent and William Bent and Ceran St. Vrain, was one of the most successful in the West. They had their first trading post in the area in 1826, and, by 1833, they had built their adobe fort and trading post called Bent's Fort on the Arkansas River. This fort and trading post, located about 200 miles (322 km) east of Taos, New Mexico, was the only place settled by whites along the Santa Fe trail before it hit Taos. The Santa Fe National Historic Trail follows the route of the old trail, with many sites marked or restored. William Becknell (1787 or 1788-1856) Amherst County, Virginia US was a freighter and the first white man to open what became known as the Santa Fe Trail to trade. ... Independence is a city in Missouri, in the Kansas City metropolitan area. ... Trail logo The Santa Fe Trail was an historic 19th century transportation route across southwestern North America connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... Charles Bent (1799-1847) was appointed as the first Governor of the newly acquired New Mexico Territory by Governor Stephen Watts Kearny in September, 1846. ... Born in St. ... Ceran St. ... For information concerning Bents New Fort, visit the National Park Services website at: [1] ... The Arkansas River flows through Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. ... Taos (IPA: ) is a city in Taos County in the north-central region of New Mexico. ... The Santa Fe Trail was an important route in the western United States, leading from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico. ...

Route of the Old Spanish Trail
Route of the Old Spanish Trail

The Spanish Trail from Los Angeles, California to Santa Fe, New Mexico was primarily used by Hispanics, white traders and ex-trappers living part of the year in or near Santa Fe. Started in about 1829, the trail was an arduous 2,400 (3862 km) mile round trip pack train sojourn that extended into Colorado, Utah, Nevada and California and back, allowing only one hard round trip per year. The trade consisted primarily of blankets and some trade goods from Santa Fe being traded for horses in California. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1040x600, 27 KB) Summary Route of the Old Spanish Trail in the American Southwest. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1040x600, 27 KB) Summary Route of the Old Spanish Trail in the American Southwest. ... The Old Spanish Trail is a historic trade route which connected the northern New Mexican settlement of Santa Fé with that of Los Ángeles in California. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ...


The Republic of Texas claimed the mostly vacant territory north and east of the Rio Grande when it successfully seceded from Mexico in 1836. New Mexico authorities captured a group of Texans who embarked an expedition to assert their claim to the province in 1841. For the latter day independence movement surrounding Texas, see Republic of Texas (group). ... “Río Bravo” redirects here. ... The Texas Santa Fe Expedition (1841) was a failed expedition to the Santa Fe trail that would increase tensions between Texas and Mexico, leading up to the Mexican American war. ...


American territory

Following the Mexican-American War, from 1846-1848 and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, Mexico forcibly ceded its mostly unsettled northern holdings, today known as the American Southwest and California to the United States of America in exchange for an end to hostilities, the evacuation of Mexico City and many other areas under American control. Mexico also received $15 million cash, plus the assumption of slightly more than $3 million in outstanding Mexican debts. Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... The Mexican Cession (red) and the Gadsden Purchase (orange). ... The Southwest region of the United States is drier than the adjoining Midwest in weather; the population is less dense and, with strong Spanish-American and Native American components, more ethnically varied than neighboring areas. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


The Congressional Compromise of 1850 halted a bid for statehood under a proposed antislavery constitution. Texas transferred eastern New Mexico to the federal government, settling a lengthy boundary dispute. Under the compromise, the American government established the Territory of New Mexico on September 9, 1850. The territory, which included most of the future states of Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Colorado, officially established its capital at Santa Fe in 1851. Henry Clay takes the floor of the Old Senate Chamber; Millard Fillmore presides as Calhoun and Webster look on. ... The New Mexico Territory became an organized territory of the United States on September 9, 1850, and it existed until New Mexico became the 47th state on January 6, 1912. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ...


The United States acquired the southwestern boot heel of the state and southern Arizona below the Gila river in the mostly desert Gadsden Purchase of 1853. This purchase was desired when it was found that a much easier route for a proposed transcontinental railroad was located slightly south of the Gila river. The Southern Pacific built the second transcontinental railroad though this purchased land in 1881. Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... The Gila River, a tributary of the Colorado, is shown highlighted on a map of the United States The Gila River (Oodham [Pima]: Hila Akimel) is a tributary of the Colorado River, 630 mile (1,014 km) long, in the southwestern United States. ... The Gadsden Purchase (shown with present-day state boundaries and cities) The Gadsden Purchase (known as Venta de La Mesilla in Mexico) is a 45,535 mi² (76,770 km²) region of what is today southern Arizona and New Mexico that was purchased by the United States from Mexico in...


During the American Civil War, Confederate troops from Texas briefly occupied the Rio Grande valley as far north as Santa Fe. Union troops from the Territory of Colorado re-captured the territory in March 1862 at the Battle of Glorieta Pass. The Territory of Arizona was split off as a separate territory on February 24, 1863. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial)  States that seceded under CSA control  States and territories claimed by CSA without formal secession and/or control Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The Kansas, Nebraska, Utah, and New Mexico territories in 1860 The Colorado Territory was a historic, organized territory of the United States that existed between 1861 and 1876. ... Belligerents United States (Union) CSA (Confederacy) Commanders John P. Slough John M. Chivington Charles L. Pyron William R. Scurry Strength Northern Division, Army of New Mexico 1st Colorado Volunteers 4th, 5th, and 7th Texas Cavalry Regiment, artillery, and a company of independent volunteers Casualties and losses Apache Canyon 5 killed... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


There were centuries of conflict between the Apache, the Navajo and Spanish-Mexican settlements in the territory. It took the federal government another 25 years after the Civil War to exert control over both the civilian and Native American populations of the territory. This started in 1864 when the Navajo were sent on "The Long Walk" to Bosque Redondo Reservation and then returned to most of their lands in 1868. The Apache were moved to various reservations and Apache wars continued until Geronimo finally surrendered in 1886. The Navajo Wars were fought during the nineteenth century between the U.S. military and many western tribes. ... For other uses, see Apache (disambiguation). ... The Navajo people (or Diné) of the Southwestern United States are currently the largest Native American tribe in North America, with an estimated tribal population of 300,000. ... The Long Walk The Long Walk of the Navajo, also called the Long Walk to Bosque Redondo, was a 20 day or more foot walk many Navajos made in 1864 to a reservation in southeastern New Mexico. ... Geronimo, before surrender to General Crook, 17 Apr 1886 The Apache Wars were fought during the nineteenth century between the U.S. military and many western tribes. ... For other uses, see Geronimo (disambiguation). ...


The railway encouraged the great cattle boom of the 1880s and the development of accompanying cow towns. The cattle barons could not keep out sheepherders, and eventually homesteaders and squatters overwhelmed the cattlemen by fencing in and plowing under the "sea of grass" on which the cattle fed. Conflicting land claims led to bitter quarrels among the original Spanish inhabitants, cattle ranchers, and newer homesteaders. Despite destructive overgrazing, ranching survived and remains a mainstay of the New Mexican economy.


Albuquerque, the largest city in New Mexico, on the middle Rio Grande, was incorporated in 1889.


Statehood

New Mexico state welcome sign
New Mexico state welcome sign

Congress admitted New Mexico as the 47th state in the Union on January 6, 1912. The admission of the neighboring State of Arizona on February 14, 1912 completed the contiguous 48 states. Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The struggle to gain the voting rights for women came to be known as the "suffrage momement." In spite of efforts by suffrage organizers after 1915, New Mexico's legislature was one of the last to ratify the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920.


For the first 25 years of statehood, the NM Supreme Court lived in cramped quarters in the Capitol. Not until 1937 as a result of a Public Works Administrtion Project, did the Supreme Court get its own building. That year, there was a diphtheria epidemic in Santa Fe resulting in 20 deaths before serum was flown in to end it.


The United States government built the Los Alamos Research Center in 1943 amid the Second World War. Top-secret personnel there assembled the atomic bomb, first detonated at Trinity site in the desert on the White Sands Proving Grounds between Socorro and Alamogordo on July 16, 1945. Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... An early stage in the Trinity fireball. ... White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is located in Otero County, New Mexico, mostly in the Tularosa Basin, a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains of the U.S. state of New Mexico, it includes the northern... Socorro is a city located in Socorro County, New Mexico in the Rio Grande Valley, at an elevation of 4579 feet. ... Alamogordo is a city in Otero County, New Mexico, United States of America. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Albuquerque expanded rapidly after the war. High-altitude experiments near Roswell in 1947 reputedly led to persistent but unproven suspicions that the government captured and concealed extraterrestrial corpses and equipment. The state quickly emerged as a leader in nuclear, solar, and geothermal energy research and development. Sandia National Laboratories, founded in 1949, carried out nuclear research and special weapons development at Kirtland Air Force Base south of Albuquerque and at Livermore, California. Nickname: Location in the state of New Mexico. ... It has been suggested that Sandia Base be merged into this article or section. ... Kirtland Air Force Base is located in the southeast quadrant of Albuquerque, New Mexico, adjacent to the Albuquerque International Sunport. ... Livermore is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ...


Located in the remote Chihuahuan Desert the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is located 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Carlsbad. Here nuclear wastes are buried deep in carved out salt formation disposal rooms mined 2,150 feet (655 m) underground in a 2,000-foot (610 m) thick salt formation that has been stable for more than 200 million years. WIPP began operations on March 26, 1999. Map of the Chihuahuan Desert. ... A schematic of the WIPP facility. ... It has been suggested that Carlsbad North, New Mexico be merged into this article or section. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ...


Demographics

New Mexico Population Density Map
New Mexico Population Density Map

(See also List of cities in New Mexico and New Mexico locations by per capita income) As of 2005, New Mexico has an estimated population of 1,928,384, which is an increase of 25,378, or 1.3%, from the prior year and an increase of 109,338, or 6.0%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 74,397 people (that is 143,617 births minus 69,220 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 37,501 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 27,974 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 9,527 people. Image File history File links New_Mexico_population_map. ... Image File history File links New_Mexico_population_map. ... This is a list of the cities & towns in New Mexico, above 3,000 in population. ... New Mexico has the forty-fifth highest per capita income in the United States of America, at $17,261 (2000). ...


The center of population of New Mexico is located in Torrance County, in the town of Manzano.[4] Center of population is a subject of study in the field of demographics. ... Torrance County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Manzano is a census-designated place located in Torrance County, New Mexico. ...


As of 2006, 8.2% of the residents of the state were foreign-born.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 61,547
1860 87,034 41.4%
1870 91,874 5.6%
1880 119,565 30.1%
1890 160,282 34.1%
1900 195,310 21.9%
1910 327,301 67.6%
1920 360,350 10.1%
1930 423,317 17.5%
1940 531,818 25.6%
1950 681,187 28.1%
1960 951,023 39.6%
1970 1,016,000 6.8%
1980 1,302,894 28.2%
1990 1,515,069 16.3%
2000 1,819,046 20.1%
Est. 2007 1,969,915 8.3%
Demographics of New Mexico (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 86.64% 2.48% 10.67% 1.51% 0.19%
2000 (Hispanic only) 40.56% 0.49% 1.14% 0.21% 0.08%
2005 (total population) 85.85% 2.85% 10.99% 1.66% 0.20%
2005 (Hispanic only) 41.74% 0.69% 1.09% 0.23% 0.09%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 5.05% 21.88% 9.19% 16.09% 8.63%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 1.48% 14.84% 10.16% 15.68% 4.63%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 9.10% 50.54% 1.12% 18.71% 14.27%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

According to the Census Bureau, 1.5% of the population is Multiracial/Mixed-Race, a population larger than both the Asian and NHPI population groups. New Mexico has the highest percentage of people of Hispanic ancestry of any state, some recent immigrants and others descendants of Spanish colonists. The state also has a large Native American population, second behind Alaska. Hispanics of colonial ancestry, along with recent Mexican immigrants, are present in most of the state, especially northern, central, and northeastern New Mexico. Mexican immigrants, legal or illegal, are prominent in southern parts of the state. Descendants of white American settlers, mostly of Irish and English descent, from other parts of United States live in west, southwest, and southeast areas and main cities of the state. The northwestern corner of the state is primarily occupied by Native Americans, of which Navajos and Pueblos are the largest tribes. As a result, the demographics and culture of the state are unique for their strong American, Colonial Spanish, Mexican, and Native American cultural influences. The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... This article refers to a colony in politics and history. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States and their history after European contact, chiefly in what is now the United States. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ...

The 20 Most Populous New Mexico Cities and Towns
Rank City County Population
1 City of Albuquerque Bernalillo County 534,089 (2008)
523,590 (2007)
2 City of Las Cruces Dona Ana County 86,268
3 City of Rio Rancho Sandoval County
71,607 (2007)
4 City of Santa Fe Santa Fe County 72,056
5 City of Roswell Chaves County 45,582
6 City of Farmington San Juan County 43,573
7 City of Alamogordo Otero County 36,069
8 City of Clovis Curry County 32,667
9 City of Hobbs Lea County 29,006
10 City of Carlsbad Eddy County 25,410
11 City of Los Lunas Valencia County 23,867
12 City of Gallup McKinley County 19,301
13 City of Deming Luna County 15,296
14 City of Las Vegas San Miguel County 14,565
15 City of Sunland Park Doña Ana County 14,234
16 City of Española Rio Arriba County 12,998
17 City of Los Alamos Los Alamos County 11,909
18 City of Portales Roosevelt County 11,131
19 City of Artesia Eddy County 10,597
20 City/Town of Silver City Grant County 10,545
The 5 Most Populous New Mexico Counties
Rank County Population
within
county limits
Land Area
sq. miles
Population
Density
per sq mi
Largest city
1 Bernalillo County 609,619 1,166 149 Albuquerque
2 Doña Ana County 189,444 3,807 69 Las Cruces
3 Santa Fe County 140,855 1,909 81 Santa Fe
4 San Juan County 126,208 5,514 58 Farmington
5 Sandoval County 107,460 3,710 51 Rio Rancho

Albuquerque redirects here. ... Location in the state of New Mexico Formed Seat Albuquerque Area  - Total  - Water 3,027 km² (1,169 mi²) 7 km² (3 mi²) 0. ... The New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum Las Cruces is a city in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. ... Doña Ana County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Rio Rancho, (Spanish: Río Rancho) is a suburb of Albuquerque,and is the largest city and economic hub of Sandoval County in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... Sandoval County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... Santa Fe County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Nickname: Location in the state of New Mexico. ... Chaves County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Farmington (Navajo: Tótah) is a city in San Juan County, New Mexico, United States. ... San Juan County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... Alamogordo is a city in Otero County, New Mexico, United States of America. ... Otero County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Location of Clovis, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Curry Incorporated 1909[1] Government  - Mayor David Lansford Area  - Total 22. ... Curry County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Hobbs is a city in Lea County, New Mexico. ... Lea County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... It has been suggested that Carlsbad North, New Mexico be merged into this article or section. ... Eddy County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Los Lunas is a village located in Valencia County, New Mexico. ... Valencia County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Gallup (Navajo: Naʼnízhoozhí) is a city in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States. ... McKinley County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Deming is a city located in Luna County, New Mexico. ... Luna County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... The Plaza Hotel, built in 1881, on the Plaza of West Las Vegas. ... San Miguel County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Sunland Park is a city located in Doña Ana County, New Mexico. ... Doña Ana County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Española is a city in New Mexico, United States. ... Rio Arriba County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Los Alamos is an unincorporated townsite in Los Alamos County, New Mexico. ... Los Alamos County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Portales is a municipality in Roosevelt County, New Mexico, with a total population of 11,131 (as of the 2000 census). ... Roosevelt County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Location in the State of New Mexico Coordinates: Country United States State New Mexico County Eddy Founded 1905 Mayor Manuel Madrid Area    - City 20. ... Eddy County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Location in the State of New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Grant Founded 1878 Government  - Mayor James R. Marshall Area  - Town  10. ... Grant County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Location in the state of New Mexico Formed Seat Albuquerque Area  - Total  - Water 3,027 km² (1,169 mi²) 7 km² (3 mi²) 0. ... Albuquerque redirects here. ... Doña Ana County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... The New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum Las Cruces is a city in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. ... Santa Fe County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... San Juan County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... Farmington (Navajo: Tótah) is a city in San Juan County, New Mexico, United States. ... Sandoval County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Rio Rancho, (Spanish: Río Rancho) is a suburb of Albuquerque,and is the largest city and economic hub of Sandoval County in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ...

Ancestry groups

According to the U.S. Census, the largest ancestry groups in New Mexico are:

Ancestry Percentage Main article:
Mexican (18.1%) of Total See Mexican American
Native American (10.3%) See Native Americans in the United States
German (9.8%) See German American
Hispanic (9.4%) See Hispanic American
Spanish (9.3%) See Spanish American
English (7.6%) See English American
Irish (7.3%) See Irish American

Some are mixtures of all of these groups and others. The ethnonym Mexican-American describes United States citizens of Mexican ancestry (14 million in 2003) and Mexican citizens who reside in the US (10 million in 2003). ... For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States and their history after European contact, chiefly in what is now the United States. ... German Americans are citizens of the United States of German ancestry. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... English Americans (occasionally known as Anglo-Americans) are citizens of the United States whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England. ... Irish population density in the United States, 1872. ...


7.2% of New Mexico's population was reported as under 5 years of age, 28% under 18, and 11.7% were 65 or older. Females make up approximately 50.8% of the population.


Languages

According the 2000 U.S. Census, 28.76% of the population aged 5 and over speak Spanish at home, while 4.07% speak Navajo.[5] The 22nd United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Reading Adahooniigii — The Navajo Language Monthly Navajo or Navaho (native name: Diné bizaad) is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken in the southwest United States by the Navajo people (Diné). It is geographically and linguistically one of the Southern Athabaskan languages (the majority of Athabaskan languages are spoken...


New Mexico is commonly thought to have Spanish as an official language alongside English, due to the widespread usage of Spanish in the state. Although the original state constitution of 1912 provided for a temporarily bilingual government, New Mexico has no official language. Nevertheless, the state government publishes a driver's manual as well as ballots in both languages, although they are required to publish ballots in Spanish by federal law. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The constitution provided that, for the following twenty years, all laws passed by the legislature be published in both Spanish and English, and thereafter as the legislature should provide.


Prior to 1967, notices of statewide and county elections were required to be printed in English and "may be printed in Spanish." Additionally, many legal notices today are required to be published in both English and Spanish.[6]


In 1995, New Mexico adopted a "State Bilingual Song," titled "New Mexico - Mi Lindo Nuevo México."


Religion

New Mexico has the highest percentage of Catholics of any Western U.S. state. In comparison to other U.S. states, and like many other states in the region. The Western United States, also referred to as the American West or simply The West, traditionally refers to the region constituting the westernmost states of the United States (see geographical terminology section for further discussion of these terms). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of...


The Religious distributions were as follows:[7]

Within the hierarchy of the Catholic Church, New Mexico belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Santa Fe. New Mexico has three dioceses, one of which is an archdiocese: The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... Presbyterianism is a family of Christian denominations within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A Latter-day Saint is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and should not to be confused with the different, though similar term Latter Day Saint. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Major world religions have been distinguished from minor religions using a variety of methods, though any such division naturally reflects a particular bias, since many adherent of a religion are likely to consider their own faith major. Two methods are mentioned in this article, number of adherents and the definitions... Religious is a term with both a technical definition and folk use. ... The name Catholic Church can mean a visible organization that refers to itself as Catholic, or the invisible Christian Church, viz. ... An ecclesiastical province is a unit of religious government existing in certain Christian churches. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. ...

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Fe is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the southwestern region of the United States in the state of New Mexico. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of Gallup is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the southwestern region of the United States, encompassing counties in the states of Arizona and New Mexico. ... The Roman Catholic Diocese of Las Cruces is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the southwestern region of the United States, comprised of the southern counties in the state of New Mexico. ...

Economy

State income

New Mexico State Quarter
New Mexico State Quarter

The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that New Mexico's total state product in 2003 was $57 billion. Per capita personal income in 2003 was $24,995, 48th in the nation.[8] Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program (Pub. ...


Major industries/products

New Mexico Industries by 2004 Taxable Gross Receipts (000s)
Retail Trade 12,287,061
Construction 5,039,555
Other Services (excluding Public Administration) 4,939,187
Professional, Scientific and Technology Services 3,708,527
Accommodation and Food Services 2,438,460
Wholesale Trade 2,146,066
Health Care and Social Assistance 1,897,471
Utilities 1,654,483
Mining and Oil and Gas Extraction 1,238,211
Manufacturing 926,372
Information and Cultural Industries 849,902
Unclassified Establishments 725,405
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 544,739
Finance and Insurance 254,223
Transportation and Warehousing 221,457
Public Administration 159,013
Educational Services 125,649
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 124,017
Admin & Support, Waste Management & Remediation 73,062
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 71,853
Management of Companies and Enterprises 48,714

Totals 39,473,429
Source: State of New Mexico Department of Labor

Agricultural and mining

Cattle and dairy products top the list of major animal products of New Mexico. Cattle, sheep, and other livestock graze most of the arable land of the state throughout the year.


Limited, scientifically controlled dryland farming prospers alongside cattle ranching. Major crops include hay, nursery stock, pecans, and chile peppers. Hay and sorghum top the list of major dryland crops. Farmers also produce onions, potatoes, and dairy products. New Mexico specialty crops include piñon nuts, pinto beans, and chiles. Dryland farming is an agricultural technique for cultivating land which receives little rainfall. ... The chile pepper, chili pepper, or chilli pepper, or simply chile, is the fruit of the plant Capsicum from the nightshade family, Solanaceae. ... Species About 30 species, see text Sorghum is a genus of numerous species of grasses, some of which are raised for grain and many of which are utilised as fodder plants either cultivated or as part of pasture. ... Pine nuts are the edible seeds of pine trees (family Pinaceae, genus Pinus). ... Navy Bean redirects here. ...


The Carlsbad and Fort Sumner reclamation projects on the Pecos River and the nearby Tucumcari project provide adequate water for limited irrigation in those areas of the desert and semiarid portions of the state where scant rainfall evaporates rapidly, generally leaving insufficient water supplies for large-scale irrigation. Located upstream of Las Cruces, the Elephant Butte Reservoir provides a major irrigation source for the extensive farming along the Rio Grande. Other irrigation projects use the Colorado River basin and the San Juan River. Pecos River near Villanueva, New Mexico Pecos River near the Rio Grande Santa Rosa Lake and Dam on the Pecos River in Guadalupe County, New Mexico The Pecos River or Rio Pecos, as it is known in New Mexico, rises near Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States, and flows for... The New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum Las Cruces is a city in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. ... Elephant Butte reservoir in New Mexico was created by a dam across the Rio Grande in 1916. ... “Río Bravo” redirects here. ... The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River from Laughlin Horseshoe Bend is a horseshoe-shaped meander of the Colorado River located near the town of Page, Arizona The Colorado River is... The San Juan River may refer to: The San Juan River in Argentina. ...


Lumber mills in Albuquerque process pinewood, the chief commercial wood of the rich timber economy of northern New Mexico. Albuquerque redirects here. ...


Mineral extraction: New Mexicans derive much of their income from mineral extraction. Even before European exploration, Native Americans mined turquoise for making jewelry.[9] After the Spanish introduced refined silver alloys they were incorporated into the Indian jewelry designs. New Mexico produces uranium ore (see Uranium mining in New Mexico), manganese ore, potash, salt, perlite, copper ore, beryllium, and tin concentrates. Natural gas, petroleum, and coal are also found in smaller quantities. This article is about the chemical element. ... General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... Potash Potash (or carbonate of potash) is an impure form of potassium carbonate (K2CO3). ... This article is about common table salt. ... Expanded Perlite Perlite is an amorphous volcanic glass that has a relatively high water content. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number beryllium, Be, 4 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, period, block 2, 2, s Appearance white-gray metallic Standard atomic weight 9. ... This article is about the metallic chemical element. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Petro redirects here. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ...


Manufacturing

Industrial output, centered around Albuquerque, includes electric equipment; petroleum and coal products; food processing; printing and publishing; and stone, glass, and clay products. Defense-related industries include ordnance. Important high-technology industries include lasers, data processing, and solar energy.


Government and military

Federal government spending is a major driver of the New Mexico economy. The federal government spends $2 on New Mexico for every dollar of tax revenue collected from the state. This rate of return is higher than any other state in the Union. [1]. The federal government is also a major employer in New Mexico providing more than a quarter of the state's jobs. Many of the federal jobs relate to the military; the state hosts three air force bases (Kirtland Air Force Base, Holloman Air Force Base, and Cannon Air Force Base); a testing range (White Sands Missile Range); an army proving ground and maneuver range (Fort Bliss Military Reservation - McGregor Range);national observatories; and the technology labs of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). SNL conducts electronic and industrial research on Kirtland AFB, on the southeast side of Albuquerque. These installations also include the missile and spacecraft proving grounds at White Sands. In addition to the military employers, other federal agencies such as the National Park Service, the United States Forest Service, and the United States Bureau of Land Management are a big part of the states rural employment base. Kirtland Air Force Base is located in the southeast quadrant of Albuquerque, New Mexico, adjacent to the Albuquerque International Sunport. ... Lockheed F-117A of the 49th FW Northrop AT-38AB-45-NO Talon Serial 62-3660 of the 586th Flight Test Squadron (AFMC) German Luftwaffe Panavia Tornado at Holloman Holloman Air Force Base (IATA: HMN, ICAO: KHMN, FAA LID: HMN) is a United States Air Force base located six miles... Cannon Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base in Curry County, New Mexico. ... White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is located in Otero County, New Mexico, mostly in the Tularosa Basin, a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains of the U.S. state of New Mexico, it includes the northern... Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995. ... It has been suggested that Sandia Base be merged into this article or section. ... White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is located in Otero County, New Mexico, mostly in the Tularosa Basin, a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains of the U.S. state of New Mexico, it includes the northern... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Logo of the U.S. Forest Service. ... US BLM logo The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is an agency within the United States Department of the Interior which administers Americas public lands, totaling 262 million acres (1,060,000 km²) or one-eighth of the landmass of the country. ...


Tourism and retirement

Virgin Galactic, the first space tourism company to develop commercial flights into space, has decided to put its world headquarters and mission control at Spaceport America in Upham, New Mexico (25 miles (40 km) south of Truth or Consequences); Virgin Galactic will have its inaugural launch of the VSS Enterprise spaceship in 2008, and will begin launching ordinary citizens in early 2009.[10][11][12] Virgin Galactic is a company within Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group, which plans to offer sub-orbital spaceflights and later orbital spaceflights to the paying public. ... The curvature of Earth seen from orbit provides one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of tourists paying for flights into space. ... Spaceport America (Also known as Southwest Regional Spaceport) is located on 27 square-miles of state-owned desert near Upham, New Mexico, 45 miles north of Las Cruces, and 30 miles east of Truth or Consequences. ... Upham New Mexico is the planned site for the Southwest Regional Spaceport. ... Truth or Consequences is a spa city in Sierra County, New Mexico, United States. ... The VSS Enterprise is the first commercial spaceship being constructed by Virgin Galactic, based on the design of SpaceShipOne. ...


Tourism provides many service jobs. For top attractions see: Tourism. For other uses, see New Mexico (disambiguation). ...


The private service economy in urban New Mexico, especially in Albuquerque, has boomed in recent decades. Since the end of World War II, the city has gained an ever-growing number of retirees, especially among armed forces veterans and government workers. It is also increasingly gaining notice as a health conscious community, and contains many hospitals and a high per capita number of massage and alternative therapists. The warm, semiarid climate has contributed to the exploding population of Albuquerque, attracting new industries to New Mexico. By contrast, many heavily Native American and Hispanic rural communities remain economically underdeveloped. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Movie and TV

Feature films have used New Mexico as a location since The Indian School in 1898. Financial incentives and construction of facilities (such as The Albuquerque Studios)[13] have created opportunities for locally based crew members with production reaching an all time high in 2007. As of the end of August 2007, 30 major projects have been filmed in the state, more than in any other calendar year in history.[14]


Film and television post-production is also growing with companies such as Sony Imageworks establishing a permanent home in the state.[15] Sony Pictures Imageworks, Inc. ...


Taxes

Personal income tax rates for New Mexico range from 1.7% to 5.3%, within 4 income brackets. Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income...


New Mexico does not have a sales tax. Instead, it has a 5% gross receipts tax. In almost every case, the business passes along the tax to the consumer, so that the gross receipts tax resembles a sales tax. The combined gross receipts tax rate varies throughout the state from 5.125% to 7.8125%. The total rate is a combination of all rates imposed by the state, counties and municipalities. Beginning January 1, 2005, New Mexicans no longer pay taxes on most food purchases; however, there are exceptions to this program. Also beginning January 1, 2005, the state eliminated the tax on certain medical services. A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In general, taxes are not assessed on personal property. Personal household effects, licensed vehicles, registered aircraft, certain personal property warehoused in the state and business personal property that is not depreciated for federal income tax purposes are exempt from the property tax. Personal property is a type of property. ... Property tax, millage tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the property being taxed. ...


Property tax rates vary substantially and depend on the type of property and its location. The state does not assess tax on intangible personal property. There is no inheritance tax, but an inheritance may be reflected in a taxpayer's modified gross income and taxed that way. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Economic incentives

New Mexico provides a number of economic incentives to businesses operating in the state, including various types of tax credits and tax exemptions. Most of the incentives are based on job creation. [16]


New Mexico law allows governments to provide land, buildings, and infrastructure to businesses to promote job creation. Several municipalities have imposed an Economic Development Gross Receipts Tax (a form of Municipal Infrastructure GRT) that is used to pay for these infrastructure improvements and for marketing their areas. [17] A gross receipts tax, sometimes refered to as a gross excise tax, is a tax on the total gross revenues of a company, regardless of their source. ...


The state provides financial incentives for film production. [18] [19] The New Mexico Film Office estimated at the end of 2007 that the incentive program had brought more than 85 film projects to the state since 2003 and had added $1.2 billion to the economy. [20]


Largest employers

(Not ranked by size)

Source: Economic Research & Analysis Bureau New Mexico Department of Labor[21]

College of Santa Fe is a small liberal arts college in Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... For the Boy Scouting program within the BSA, see Boy Scouting (Boy Scouts of America). ... US BLM logo The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is an agency within the United States Department of the Interior which administers Americas public lands, totaling 262 million acres (1,060,000 km²) or one-eighth of the landmass of the country. ... Mesa Air Group (NASDAQ: MESA) is a Phoenix, Arizona-based commercial aviation holding company that operates three regional airline subsidiaries: Mesa Airlines, Freedom Airlines, and Air Midwest, and five supporting subsidiaries. ... Map of the Navajo Nation The Navajo Nation (Diné in Navajo language) encompasses all things important to the Navajo. ... Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Northern New Mexico College, formerly known as Northern New Mexico Community College, is a two-year and four-year degree garnting institution with campuses in Española and El Rito, New Mexico. ... PNM Resources is an energy holding company based in the US state of New Mexico. ... It has been suggested that Sandia Base be merged into this article or section. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... The University of New Mexico (UNM) is a public university in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... Kirtland Air Force Base is located in the southeast quadrant of Albuquerque, New Mexico, adjacent to the Albuquerque International Sunport. ... A typical Albertsons store. ... new Kmart logo Kmart Corporation was a US based corporation until it merged with Sears Holdings in November 2004. ... A USPS Truck at Night A U.S. Post Office sign The United States Postal Service (USPS) is the United States government organization responsible for providing postal service in the United States and is generally referred to as the post office. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States government agency that deals with U.S. National Parks and U.S. National Monuments. ... Old INS building in Seattle The United States Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was a part of the United States Department of Justice and handled legal and illegal immigration and naturalization. ... New Mexico State University, or NMSU, is a land-grant university that has its main campus in Las Cruces, New Mexico. ... Pepsi-Cola is a carbonated beverage that is produced and manufactured by PepsiCo. ... New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (also called New Mexico Tech, Tech, The Tech, and originally known as the New Mexico School of Mines) is a research university located in Socorro, New Mexico, USA. Renowned for its undergraduate and graduate educational opportunities[1], Tech offers over 30 bachelor of... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Fort Bliss is a census-designated place and US Army post located in El Paso County, Texas. ...

Transportation

Passenger trains

The New Mexico Rail Runner Express is a commuter rail system serving the metropolitan area of Albuquerque, New Mexico. It began operation on July 14, 2006. The system is in Phase I of planned development, operating on an existing old ATSF, now BNSF right of way from Belen to Bernalillo. However, the entire line from Belen to Raton was recently sold to the state of New Mexico for the construction of phase II, which is currently underway and scheduled to open by late 2010. It will extend the line northward to Santa Fe. Rail Runner train in Albuquerque The New Mexico Rail Runner Express is a commuter rail system serving the metropolitan area of Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Albuquerque redirects here. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in the United States. ... The Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway Company (AAR reporting mark BNSF) (NYSE: BNI), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, and established as a result of a 1995 merger between the parent companies of the Burlington Northern Railroad and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, is one of the largest... Belen is a city located in Valencia County, New Mexico. ... Bernalillo is a town located in Sandoval County, New Mexico. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ...


Amtrak's Southwest Chief passes through daily at stations in Gallup, Albuquerque, Lamy, Las Vegas, and Raton, offering connections to Los Angeles, Flagstaff, Kansas City, and Chicago. The only true transcontinental train in the United States, The Sunset Limited makes stops three times a week in Lordsburg, and Deming. The Southwest Chief snaking through Apache Canyon, NM The Southwest Chief (formerly the Southwest Limited) is a passenger train operated by Amtrak along a 2256-mile (3631-km) route through the Midwestern and Southwestern United States. ... Gallup (Navajo: Naʼnízhoozhí) is a city in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States. ... Albuquerque redirects here. ... Lamy is a census-designated place located in Santa Fe County, New Mexico. ... The Plaza Hotel, built in 1881, on the Plaza of West Las Vegas. ... Downtown Raton Raton is a city in Colfax County, New Mexico, United States. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Nickname: Location in Coconino County the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Coconino County Government  - Mayor Joseph C. Donaldson Area  - City  98. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Amtraks eastbound Sunset Limited at the Houston Amtrak station. ... Lordsburg is a city located in Hidalgo County, New Mexico. ... Deming is a city located in Luna County, New Mexico. ...

Gallup, New Mexico along old Route 66.
New Mexico highways
New Mexico highways

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 922 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gallup, New Mexico sign along old Route 66. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 922 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gallup, New Mexico sign along old Route 66. ... Alternate meanings of Route 66: New Jersey State Highway 66, Interstate 66, and a company named after the route US Highway 66 or Route 66 was and is the most famous road in the United States highway system and quite possibly the most famous and storied highway in the world. ... File links The following pages link to this file: New Mexico Categories: National Atlas images | New Mexico maps ... File links The following pages link to this file: New Mexico Categories: National Atlas images | New Mexico maps ...

Roadways

Interstate Freeways

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Interstate 25 (abbreviated I-25) is an interstate highway in the western United States. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 40 Interstate 40 (abbreviated I-40) is a major west-east interstate highway in the United States. ...

U.S. Routes: East–West Routes

U.S. Highway 550 is a spur of U.S. Highway 50. ... U.S. Route 54 is an east-west United States highway that runs northeast-southwest for 1,197 miles (1,926 km) from western Illinois to El Paso, Texas. ... U.S. Highway 56 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 640 miles from Kansas City, Missouri to northern New Mexico. ... U.S. Route 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from Virginia to Arizona. ... U.S. Route 62 runs from the US-Mexico border at El Paso, Texas, all the way to Niagara Falls, New York, near the United States-Canada border. ... U.S. Highway 64 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 2,326 miles (3,743 km) from eastern North Carolina to just southwest of the Four Corners in northeast Arizona. ... Alternate meanings of Route 66: New Jersey State Highway 66, Interstate 66, and a company named after the route US Highway 66 or Route 66 was and is the most famous road in the United States highway system and quite possibly the most famous and storied highway in the world. ... U.S. Route 70 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 2,385 miles (3,838 km) from eastern North Carolina to east-central Arizona. ... A section of old U.S. Route 80 west of Descanso Junction, California that is now closed to vehicular traffic. ... U.S. Highway 180 is an east-west United States highway. ... U.S. Highway 380 is an east-west United States highway. ... U.S. Highway 82 is an east-west United States highway. ... U.S. Highway 84 is an east-west United States highway. ...

U.S. Routes: North–South Routes

See also: List of New Mexico highways

U.S. Highway 285 is a north-south United States highway. ... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... N.M. Highways Page Road Signs of New Mexico New Mexicos U.S. Highways New Mexico Department of Transportation - Consolidated Highway Database Section (route log) Category: ...

Law and government

The Constitution of 1912, as amended, dictates the form of government in the state.


Governor Bill Richardson and Lieutenant Governor Diane Denish, both Democrats, won re-election in 2006. Their terms expire in January 2011. Governors serve a term of four years and may seek reelection. For a list of past governors, see List of New Mexico Governors. For other persons named William Richardson, see William Richardson (disambiguation). ... Diane D. Denish is a strong leader with a proven record of results for the people of New Mexico. ... This is a list of Governors of the state of New Mexico (est. ...


Other constitutional officers, all of whose terms also expire in January 2011, include Secretary of State Mary Herrera,[22] Attorney General Gary King,[23] State Auditor Hector Balderos,[24] State Land Commissioner, Pat Lyons,[25] and State Treasurer James B. Lewis.[26] Herrera, King, Balderas and Lewis are Democrats. Lyons is a Republican. Gary King (born Stevenage, England, August 1963) is a popular British radio presenter who has worked for most of the countrys best-known stations. ...


The New Mexico State Legislature is comprising a 70-seat House of Representatives and a 42-seat Senate. The Democratic Party generally dominates state politics, and as of 2008 50% of voters were registered Democrats, 33% were registered Republicans, and 15% did not affiliate with either of the two major parties. The New Mexico Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... The New Mexico House of Representatives is the lower house of the New Mexico State Legislature. ... The New Mexico State Senate is the upper house of the New Mexico State Legislature. ...


New Mexico sent Democrat Jeff Bingaman to the United States Senate until January 2013 and Republican Pete V. Domenici until January 2009. Republicans Steve Pearce and Heather Wilson and Democrat Tom Udall represent the state in the United States House of Representatives. See New Mexico congressional map. Jesse Francis Jeff Bingaman Jr. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Peter Vichi Domenici (born May 7, 1932) has served as a Republican U.S. Senator from New Mexico continuously since 1973. ... Stevan E. Steve Pearce (born August 24, 1947) has represented New Mexicos second Congressional district (map) as a Republican in the United States House of Representatives since 2003. ... Heather A. Wilson (born December 30, 1960), is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing New Mexicos 1st congressional district for an entire decade 1998-2008. ... Thomas Stewart Tom Udall (born May 18, 1948) is an American politician who has represented New Mexicos third Congressional district (map) as a member of the United States House of Representatives since 1999. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Congressional districts for representation in the United States House of Representatives are determined after each census. ...


Politics

In the past, New Mexico has given its electoral votes to all but two Presidential election winners since statehood. In these exceptions, New Mexicans supported Republican President Gerald Ford over Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter in 1976, and Democratic Vice President Al Gore over Texas Governor George W. Bush in 2000. Electoral votes by state/federal district, for the elections of 2004 and 2008 The United States Electoral College is a term used to describe the 538 President Electors who meet every 4 years to cast the electoral votes for President and Vice President of the United States; their votes represent... For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... This article is about the former Vice President of the United States. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


Recently, New Mexico supported Democrats in 1992, 1996, and 2000. In 2004, George W. Bush narrowly won the state's electoral votes by a margin of 0.8 percentage points with 49.8% of the vote. Democrats hold majorities in 21 of the 33 counties of New Mexico, including Albuquerque, Las Cruces, two northwestern counties, and, by large margins, in six counties of Northern New Mexico (Santa Fe, Rio Arriba, Taos, Mora, San Miguel, and Guadalupe).


Overall, the trend is toward the Democratic Party and away from the Republican Party. The registration numbers are: 50% Democrat, 33% Republican, and 15% other.


Important cities and towns

New Mexico's largest cities are Albuquerque, Las Cruces, Santa Fe, Rio Rancho, Roswell, and Farmington. Albuquerque redirects here. ... Albuquerque redirects here. ... The New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum Las Cruces is a city in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... Rio Rancho, (Spanish: Río Rancho) is a suburb of Albuquerque,and is the largest city and economic hub of Sandoval County in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... Nickname: Location in the state of New Mexico. ... Farmington (Navajo: Tótah) is a city in San Juan County, New Mexico, United States. ...

Further information: List of cities in New Mexico

This is a list of the cities & towns in New Mexico, above 3,000 in population. ...

Military

In addition to the National Guard, New Mexico has a State Defense Force. It is also home to Cannon Air Force Base west of Clovis, Holloman Air Force Base west of Alamogordo, Kirtland Air Force Base in Albuquerque, and White Sands Missile Range in Doña Ana and Otero counties. Other minor locations include the New Mexico Army National Guard Headquarters in Santa Fe county and the National Guard Amoury in far northern Rio Rancho in Sandoval county. State Defense Forces (also known as State Guards, State Military Reserves, or State Militias) in the United States are military units that operate under the sole authority of a state government, although they are regulated by the National Guard Bureau of the United States Army (NGR 10-4). ... Cannon Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base in Curry County, New Mexico. ... Lockheed F-117A of the 49th FW Northrop AT-38AB-45-NO Talon Serial 62-3660 of the 586th Flight Test Squadron (AFMC) German Luftwaffe Panavia Tornado at Holloman Holloman Air Force Base (IATA: HMN, ICAO: KHMN, FAA LID: HMN) is a United States Air Force base located six miles... Kirtland Air Force Base is located in the southeast quadrant of Albuquerque, New Mexico, adjacent to the Albuquerque International Sunport. ... White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is located in Otero County, New Mexico, mostly in the Tularosa Basin, a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains of the U.S. state of New Mexico, it includes the northern... Motto: Nickname: Location in New Mexico Founded Incorporated 1961 1981  County Sandoval County Borough {{{borough}}} Parrish {{{parrish}}} Mayor Jim Owen Area  - Total  - Water 190. ...


Education

Secondary education

// This is a list of high schools in the state of New Mexico. ...

Colleges and universities

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 1280 pixel, file size: 296 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sculpture at Mesalands Community College in Tucumcari, New Mexico, USA. I took this photo and release it. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 1280 pixel, file size: 296 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sculpture at Mesalands Community College in Tucumcari, New Mexico, USA. I took this photo and release it. ... Mesalands Community College, located on 23 acres in Tucumcari, New Mexico, is a two-year higher education institution offering instruction at the associates degree level. ... This article is about the city in New Mexico, USA. For other uses see Tucumcari (disambiguation). ... See New Mexico state entry. ... TVI Logo Central New Mexico Community College (CNM), formerly TVI Community College and the Albuquerque Technical Vocational Institute, is the community college for metropolitan Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... College of Santa Fe is a small liberal arts college in Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... CSWs Seal College of the Southwest is a private non-denominational four-year educational institution located in Hobbs, New Mexico. ... Diné College is a two-year, tribally controlled community college, serving the people of the 27,000 square-mile (about 70,000 sq-km) Navajo Nation, which spans the states of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. ... Eastern New Mexico University, (abbreviated ENMU), frequently called Eastern, is a state university in Portales, Roosevelt County, New Mexico, USA. It is the most recently-founded state university in New Mexico (legislated in 1927, opened in 1934). ... New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (also called New Mexico Tech, Tech, The Tech, and originally known as the New Mexico School of Mines) is a research university located in Socorro, New Mexico, USA. Renowned for its undergraduate and graduate educational opportunities[1], Tech offers over 30 bachelor of... New Mexico Highlands University (NMHU) is a university located in Las Vegas, New Mexico. ... New Mexico Military Institute is located in Roswell, New Mexico. ... New Mexico State University, or NMSU, is a land-grant university that has its main campus in Las Cruces, New Mexico. ... This page is under construction. ... St. ... The University of New Mexico (UNM) is a public university in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... Western New Mexico University is a university located in Silver City, New Mexico. ... ITT Technical Institute (often shortened to ITT Tech) is a private, for-profit, nationally accredited technical institute with over 85 campuses in over 30 states of the United States. ...

Miscellaneous topics

State symbols

State motto Latin: Crescit eundo
(It Grows as It Goes)
1912
State nicknames Land of Enchantment
(Spanish: Tierra del Encanto or Tierra Encantada)
19_?
The Colorful State 19_?
The Spanish State 19_?
State songs O Fair New Mexico 1917
Spanish: Asi Es Nuevo México 1971
New Mexico-Mi Lindo Nuevo México 1995
State flower Yucca flower 1927
State tree Two-Needle Piñon pine 1949
State bird Greater roadrunner 1949
State fish Cutthroat trout 1955
State animal black bear 1963
State vegetables frijoles con chile (frē∙hōl∙əs cōn chēlə) beans and chile pepper 1965
State gem turquoise 1967
State grass blue grama 1973
State fossil coelophysis 1981
State cookie bizcochito 1989
State insect tarantula wasp 1989
State ballad Land of Enchantment 1989
State poem Spanish: A Nuevo México 1991
State question * "Red or Green?" 1999
State Tie Bolo Tie 2007
State ship USS New Mexico (BB-40) 1918–1946
USS New Mexico (SSN-779) **2006

(*)The official state question refers to a question commonly heard at restaurants, where waiters will ask customers "red or green?" in reference to which kind of chili pepper or "chile sauce" the customers wants served with their meal. This type of "chile" is usually distinct from salsa, as the chile sauce is much finer and thicker and more commonly served with meals. Natives are more likely to refer to the chili sauce put on their meal as just plain "chile", and not as any form of "salsa" (which is usually reserved by natives in English for the salsa served with chips; everything else is just "chile"). Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Great Seal of New Mexico with the motto crescit eundo. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... Each state in the United States (except New Jersey) has a state song, selected by the state legislature as a symbol of the state. ... O Fair New Mexico, the state song of New Mexico was officially adopted in 1917. ... Asi Es Nuevo Méjico (As is New Mexico) is the official spanish language State Song of the U.S. State of New Mexico. ... This is a list of U.S. state flowers: External link Juelies State Flower Garden of Gifs See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: Lists of flowers | U.S. state insignia ... Species many, see text The yuccas comprise the genus Yucca of 40-50 species of perennials, shrubs, and trees in the agave family Agavaceae, notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal clusters of white or whitish flowers. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: U.S. state insignia | Lists of plants | Trees ... Species Section Cembroides     Pinus cembroides     Pinus orizabensis     Pinus johannis     Pinus culminicola     Pinus remota     Pinus edulis     Pinus monophylla     Pinus quadrifolia Section Rzedowskiae     Pinus rzedowskii     Pinus pinceana     Pinus maximartinezii Section Nelsoniae     Pinus nelsonii The pinyon pines (or piñon pines), are a group of pines, which grow in the southwestern United States... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Geococcyx californianus (Lesson, 1829) The Greater Roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus) is a large, long-legged bird in the cuckoo family, Cuculidae. ... This is a list of official U.S. state fish: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: U.S. state insignia ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus clarki (Richardson, 1836) Subspecies See text. ... A state animal is the official or representative animal of a U.S. state. ... Binomial name Pallas, 1780 Synonyms Euarctos americanus The American Black Bear (Ursus americanus) is the most common bear species native to North America. ... This article is on the plant. ... The chile pepper, chili pepper, or chilli pepper, or simply chile, is the fruit of the plant Capsicum from the nightshade family, Solanaceae. ... List of U.S. state minerals, rocks, stones, and gemstones. ... For other uses, see Turquoise (disambiguation). ... This is a list of official U.S. state grass: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: U.S. state insignia ... Binomial name Bouteloua gracilis Steud. ... It has been suggested that List of U.S. state dinosaurs be merged into this article or section. ... Species C. bauri (Cope, 1887) (type) Synonyms Rioarribasaurus Hunt & Lucas, 1991 ?Megapnosaurus Ivie, Slipinski, & Wegrzynowicz, 2001 One of the earliest known dinosaurs, Coelophysis (see-low-FYS-iss) meaning hollow form in reference to its hollow bones (Greek κοιλος/koilos meaning hollow and φυσις/physis meaning form) is a small, carnivorous biped from... Bizcochito (bees-ko-CHEE-toh). ... This is a list of U.S. state insects: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: U.S. state insignia ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A Nuevo México (To New Mexico) is the State Poem of the U.S. State of New Mexico. ... This is a list of offical state ships as designated by each states legislature. ... USS New Mexico (BB-40) was a United States Navy battleship, the lead ship of her class. ... PCU New Mexico (SSN-779), a Virginia-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the 47th state. ... For other uses, see Chili. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...


(**)The second USS New Mexico, SSN-779, is scheduled to be constructed. PCU New Mexico (SSN-779), a Virginia-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the 47th state. ...


Culture

Symbols of the Southwest — a string of chili peppers and a bleached white cow's skull hang in a market near Santa Fe
Symbols of the Southwest — a string of chili peppers and a bleached white cow's skull hang in a market near Santa Fe

With a Native American population of 134,000 in 1990, New Mexico still ranks as an important center of American Indian culture. Both the Navajo and Apache share Athabaskan origin. The Apache and some Ute live on federal reservations within the state. With 16 million acres (6,500,000 ha), mostly in neighboring Arizona, the reservation of the Navajo Nation ranks as the largest in the United States. The prehistorically agricultural Pueblo Indians live in pueblos scattered throughout the state, many older than any European settlement. Download high resolution version (900x1325, 187 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (900x1325, 187 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Chili. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... For other uses of Skull, see Skull (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States and their history after European contact, chiefly in what is now the United States. ... Map of the Navajo Nation The Navajo Nation (Diné in Navajo language) encompasses all things important to the Navajo. ... This article is about the Native American tribe, for other uses of the word see Apache (disambiguation). ... Areas in which Athabaskan languages and Eyak and Tlingit are traditionally spoken Athabaskan or Athabascan (also Athapascan or Athapaskan) is the name of a large group of distantly related Native American peoples, also known as the Athabasca Indians or Athapaskes, located in two main Southern and Northern groups in western... The Utes (; yoots) are an ethnically related group of American Indians now living primarily in Utah and Colorado. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Map of the Navajo Nation The Navajo Nation (Diné in Navajo language) encompasses all things important to the Navajo. ... See Pueblo. ...


More than one-third of New Mexicans claim Hispanic origin, the vast majority of whom descend from the original Spanish colonists in the northern portion of the state. Most of the considerably fewer recent Mexican immigrants reside in the southern part of the state.


There are many New Mexicans who also speak a unique dialect of Spanish. New Mexican Spanish has vocabulary often unknown to other Spanish speakers. Because of the historical isolation of New Mexico from other speakers of the Spanish language, the local dialect preserves some late medieval Castillian vocabulary considered archaic elsewhere, adopts numerous Native American words for local features, and contains much Anglicized vocabulary for American concepts and modern inventions. New Mexican Spanish is a variant or dialect of Spanish spoken in the United States, primarily in the northern part of the state of New Mexico and the southern part of the state of Colorado. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ...


The presence of various indigenous Native American communities, the long-established Spanish and Mexican influence, and the diversity of Anglo-American settlement in the region, ranging from pioneer farmers and ranchers in the territorial period to military families in later decades, make New Mexico a particularly heterogeneous state.


There are natural history and atomic museums in Albuquerque, which also hosts the famed Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta. Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta is a yearly gathering of hot air balloon enthusiasts from around the world, occurring in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, during the first week of October. ...


A large artistic community thrives in Santa Fe. The capital city has museums of Spanish colonial, international folk, Navajo ceremonial, modern Native American, and other modern art. Another museum honors resident Georgia O'Keeffe. Colonies for artists and writers thrive, and the small city teems with art galleries. In August, the city hosts the annual Santa Fe Indian Market, which is the oldest and largest juried Native American art showcase in the world. Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... Georgia Tottoeanocomita OKeeffe (November 15, 1887—March 6, 1986) was an American artist. ... Santa Fe Indian Market is an annual art market held in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA over two days around the third weekend in August and draws an estimated 100,000 people to the city from around the world. ...


Performing arts include the renowned Santa Fe Opera which presents five operas in repertory each July to August, the Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival held each summer, and the restored Lensic Theater a principal venue for many kinds of performances. The weekend after Labor Day boasts the burning of Zozobra, a 50 ft (15 m) marionette, during Fiestas de Santa Fe. Solid rod stays support the roof of the Crosby Theater at the Santa Fe Opera. ... The Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival provides a unique opportunity for distinguished musicians and young talent during a six week summer season. ... The Lensic Theater, located at 211 West San Francisco Street in Santa Fe, New Mexico, is an 821 seat theater designed by Boller Brothers of Kansas City, well known movie theater and vaudeville house architects who designed almost one hundred theaters throughout the West and mid-West, including the KiMo... Categories: Stub ... Fiestas de Santa Fe is an annual festival held every autumn in Santa Fe, New Mexico, usually during the second week of September. ...


Writer D. H. Lawrence lived near Taos in the 1920s at the D. H. Lawrence Ranch where there is a shrine said to contain his ashes. David Herbert Richards Lawrence (11 September 1885 – 2 March 1930) was an English writer of the 20th century, whose prolific and diverse output included novels, short stories, poems, plays, essays, travel books, paintings, translations, literary criticism, and personal letters. ... Taos (IPA: ) is a city in Taos County in the north-central region of New Mexico. ... The D. H. Lawrence Ranch, as it is now known, was the home of the English novelist, D. H. Lawrence for about two years in the 1920s. ...


Tourism

New Mexico tourist attractions:

Sign marking the state border
Sign marking the state border

The state also has a number of casinos located on Native American Indian Reservations that attract thousands of visitors each year. Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... Mirroring the traditional Spanish-American colonial cities, the Santa Fe Plaza is a National Historic Landmark in downtown Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... San Miguel Mission San Miguel Chapel For the Jesuit Mission of San Miguel in southern Brazil, please see São Miguel das Missões San Miguel Mission, also known as San Miguel Chapel, is a Spanish colonial mission church in Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... Saint Francis Cathedral Statue of Lamy in front of the cathedral The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi, commonly known as Saint Francis Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in downtown Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... The Georgia OKeeffe Museum was opened in July 1997, eleven years after the death of the American artist, Georgia O’Keeffe. ... The Museum of International Folk Art is a state-run institution in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. It is one of eight museums operated by the New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs. ... El Rancho de las Golondrinas (The Ranch of the Swallows) is a former ranch in northern New Mexico that has been recreated as a living museum. It was the last camping place ( caravanserai) on the Camino Real before reaching Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... Santa Fe Indian Market is an annual art market held in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA over two days around the third weekend in August and draws an estimated 100,000 people to the city from around the world. ... Los Alamos is an unincorporated townsite in Los Alamos County, New Mexico. ... Taos County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Taos Pueblo, circa 1920 Taos Pueblo (or Pueblo de Taos), continuously inhabited for over 1000 years, is the ancient town of the Northern Tiwa speaking tribe of Pueblo people, Native Americans. ... Taos (IPA: ) is a city in Taos County in the north-central region of New Mexico. ... Taos Ski Valley is a village located in Taos County, New Mexico. ... Photograph of Enchanted Mesa taken from Aaku - 1899 Acoma Pueblo (Western Keresan dialect: Aaku; Zuni: Hakukya), also known as Sky City, is a Native American pueblo built on top of a 367-foot (112 m) sandstone mesa in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... Carlsbad Caverns National Park is a United States National Park located in the Guadalupe Mountains in southeastern New Mexico. ... White Sands National Monument is well-known for its fields of white sand dunes composed of gypsum crystals. ... An early stage in the Trinity fireball. ... White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is located in Otero County, New Mexico, mostly in the Tularosa Basin, a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains of the U.S. state of New Mexico, it includes the northern... Alamogordo is a city in Otero County, New Mexico, United States of America. ... This article is about the largest city of New Mexico. ... Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta is a yearly gathering of hot air balloon enthusiasts from around the world, occurring in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, during the first week of October. ... San Felipe de Neri Church in Old Town Old Town is a historic district in Albuquerque, New Mexico, dating back to the founding of the city by the Spanish in 1706. ... Petroglyph National Monument stretches 17 miles (27 km) along Albuquerques West Mesa, a volcanic basalt escarpment that dominates the city’s western horizon. ... The Entrance to the Museum The Atrium The New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science is a natural history and science museum in Albuquerque, New Mexico near Old Town Albuquerque. ... Founded in 1927, the 64-acre Rio Grande Zoo, located in Albuquerque, New Mexico, offers visitors a pleasant stroll highlighted by close encounters with more than 250 species of exotic and native animals. ... The Albuquerque Biological Park (or Albuquerque BioPark) is an environmental museum located at 903 Tenth Street SW, Albuquerque, New Mexico in the historical neighborhood called Barelas. ... The Sandia Peak Tramway, located in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, is the worlds longest aerial tramway. ... National Atomic Museum, soon to be renamed the National Museum of Nuclear Science and History is located in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... The Indian Pueblo Cultural Center, located in Albuquerque, is owned and operated by the 19 Indian Pueblos of New Mexico and dedicated to the preservation and perpetuation of Pueblo Indian Culture, History and Art. ... The New Mexico State Fair is an annual state fair held for 17 days in September at Expo New Mexico (formerly the New Mexico State Fairgrounds) in the city of Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.A. The event features concerts, competitions, rodeos, carnival rides, games, farm animals, horses, agriculture and... Kiva at Pueblo Del Arroyo Chaco Culture National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park and World Heritage Site which contains the densest and most exceptional concentration of large pueblos in the American Southwest. ... The Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad (C&TS) is a narrow gauge heritage railway running between Antonito, Colorado and Chama, New Mexico. ... Chama is a village in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States. ... Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument in southwestern New Mexico was established as a national monument November 16, 1907. ... Location in the State of New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Grant Founded 1878 Government  - Mayor James R. Marshall Area  - Town  10. ... Nickname: Location in the state of New Mexico. ... Roswell Daily Record, July 8, 1947, announcing the capture of a flying saucer. ... Upham New Mexico is the planned site for the Southwest Regional Spaceport. ... Virgin Galactic is a company within Sir Richard Bransons Virgin Group, which plans to offer sub-orbital spaceflights and later orbital spaceflights to the paying public. ... Spaceport America (Also known as Southwest Regional Spaceport) is located on 27 square-miles of state-owned desert near Upham, New Mexico, 45 miles north of Las Cruces, and 30 miles east of Truth or Consequences. ... Clayton is a town located in Union County, New Mexico. ... For other uses, see Billy the Kid (disambiguation). ... Fort Sumner is a village in De Baca County, New Mexico, United States. ... Lincoln, New Mexico is a small community approximately 57 miles west of Roswell (by road). ... Ruidoso is a mountain resort town in Lincoln County, New Mexico, adjacent to the Lincoln National Forest. ... Gorgonia, Mescalero Medicine Man This article is about the Native American tribe; for other uses of the word see Mescalero (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Great Basin region, typical American West The Western United States has played a significant role in history and fiction. ... For other uses, see Ghost town (disambiguation). ... Photograph of Enchanted Mesa taken from Aaku - 1899 Acoma Pueblo (Western Keresan dialect: Aaku; Zuni: Hakukya), also known as Sky City, is a Native American pueblo built on top of a 367-foot (112 m) sandstone mesa in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... Pueblo of Laguna Symbol Laguna Pueblo or Pueblo of Laguna is a Native American tribe of the Pueblo people in west-central New Mexico, USA. The name, Laguna, is Spanish and derives from the lake located on their reservation. ... View of the El Malpais Lava Fields El Malpais National Monument is off I-40 in western New Mexico, USA, near Cibola National Forest. ... Zuni Salt Lake (also Zuñi Salt Lake and Fence Lake), located about 60 miles south of the Zuni Pueblo, is a rare, high desert lake, and a classic maar. ... The Very Large Array (VLA) is a radio astronomy observatory located on the Plains of San Augustin, between the towns of Magdalena and Datil, some fifty miles (80 km) west of Socorro, New Mexico, USA. U.S. Route 60 passes through the complex. ... The Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in southern Socorro County, New Mexico, is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. ... photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran New Mexico File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran New Mexico File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Catron County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. ... Alma, New Mexico is located in Catron County, New Mexico, north of Glenwood and south of Reserve. ... Glenwood, New Mexico ( ) is located in Catron County, New Mexico. ... Reserve is a village located in Catron County, New Mexico. ... Mogollon, New Mexico, is a former mining town located in the Mogollon Mountains in Catron County, New Mexico, in the United States. ... The Lightning Field (1977) is a Land Art work in Catron County, New Mexico, by sculptor Walter De Maria. ... Whitewater Baldy is the highest point of the Mogollon Mountains in the southwestern part of the US state of New Mexico. ... This article is about casinos for gaming. ...


Notable New Mexicans

Many New Mexicans-those who were born, raised, or lived a significant period in New Mexico-have gained local, national, and international prominence. New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson was one of the candidates for the 2008 United States presidential election. Notable businessmen include Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon.com, and Conrad Hilton, founder of the Hilton Hotels Corporation. New Mexicans have also studied outer space, notably NASA astronauts Sidney M. Gutierrez and Harrison Schmitt. Astronomer Clyde Tombaugh, a former New Mexico State University professor, discovered Pluto. Several New Mexicans have served roles in popular culture, including artist Georgia O'Keeffe, animator William Hanna, actor Neil Patrick Harris and actress Demi Moore, Pulitzer Prize winners Bill Mauldin and Ernie Pyle. Notorious criminals include outlaws Billy the Kid and Clay Allison. Indie Rock band The Shins are from Albuquerque. The list of people from New Mexico includes notable people who were either born/raised or have lived for a significant period of time in New Mexico. ... For other persons named William Richardson, see William Richardson (disambiguation). ... Jeffrey Preston Bezos (born January 12, 1964) is the founder, president, chief executive officer, and chairman of the board of Amazon. ... Conrad Nicholson Hilton, Sr. ... Sidney McNeill Sid Gutierrez (Colonel, USAF, Ret. ... Dr. Harrison Hagan Jack Schmitt (born July 3, 1935) is a geologist, astronaut and former U.S. senator. ... An image of Clyde Tombaugh Clyde William Tombaugh (February 4, 1906 – January 17, 1997) was an American astronomer who discovered the dwarf planet Pluto in 1930. ... Georgia Tottoeanocomita OKeeffe (November 15, 1887—March 6, 1986) was an American artist. ... hello i am godWilliam Denby Bill Hanna (July 14, 1910 – March 22, 2001) was an American animator, director, producer, cartoon artist, and co-founder, together with Joseph Barbera, of Hanna-Barbera. ... Neil Patrick Harris (born June 15, 1973) is an Emmy-nominated American actor. ... Demi Kutcher (born Demetria Gene Guynes on November 11, 1962) is an American actress. ... William Henry Bill Mauldin (October 29, 1921 – January 22, 2003) was a two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning editorial cartoonist of the United States. ... Ernie Pyle on board the U.S.S. Cabot. ... For other uses, see Billy the Kid (disambiguation). ... Clay Allison (September 2, 1840 - July 3, 1887), was a gunfighter and well known historic figure of the American Old West. ... The Shins is a United States indie rock group comprising singer, songwriter and guitarist James Russell Mercer, keyboardist/guitarist/bassist Martin Crandall, bassist/guitarist Dave Hernandez, drummer Jesse Sandoval, and Eric Johnson of the Fruit Bats. ...


See also

  • List of New Mexico-related topics
New Mexico Portal

Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Mexico. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 6, 2006.
  2. ^ Hispanics in New Mexico were 42 percent of the total state population, the highest proportion for any state
  3. ^ The American Indian and Alaska Native Population: 2000 (pdf). United States Census Bureau (2002). Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  4. ^ U. S. Census Bureau, Population and Population Centers by State: 2000
  5. ^ MLA Language Map Data Center: Most spoken languages in New Mexico
  6. ^ "Language Rights and New Mexico Statehood", The Excluded Student: Educational Practices Affecting Mexican Americans in the Southwest, Mexican American Education Study, Report III, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972, pp. 76-82
  7. ^ http://religions.pewforum.org/maps
  8. ^ U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis website
  9. ^ Anderson, Lee. " The History of American Indian Jewelry " - Anderson's Americana Indian & Western Shows
  10. ^ Virgin Galactic's website overview of what is to come
  11. ^ "Spaceports" from web blog with link to BBC video
  12. ^ Scott Allen, "Richard Branson - The Rebel Billionaire and the Ultimate Multipreneur" from about.com
  13. ^ Schneider, Wolf "Facilities fuel New Mexico production boom". The Hollywood Reporter. - September 18, 2007.
  14. ^ New Mexico Filmography. New Mexico Film Office. Retrieved on 2007-09-11.
  15. ^ Seimers, Erik "Special effects company to open Duke City branch". Albuquerque Tribune. - May 27, 2007.
  16. ^ Business Assistance: Incentives. State of New Mexico Economic Development Department. Retrieved on 2008-06-02.
  17. ^ Domrzalski, Dennis (2003-09-19), “28 New Mexico towns tap into $45M in incentives”, New Mexico Business Weekly, OCLC 30948175, <http://www.bizjournals.com/albuquerque/stories/2003/09/22/story2.html>. Retrieved on 2 June 2008 
  18. ^ Governor Signs Film Production Tax Incentives. New Mexico Economic Development Department (March 4, 2002). Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  19. ^ New Mexico's Film Incentives. New Mexico Film Office. Retrieved on 2008-06-02.
  20. ^ Hay, Kiera (2007-12-10), State's Incentives Keep Film Industry Growing, Albuquerque Journal, OCLC 9392114, <http://www.abqjournal.com/AED/268427business12-10-07.htm>. Retrieved on 2 June 2008 
  21. ^ New Mexico Department of Labor statistics
  22. ^ NM Secretary of State's Office official web site
  23. ^ NM Attorney General's Office official web site
  24. ^ NM State Auditor's Office official web site
  25. ^ NM State Lands official web site
  26. ^ NM State Treasuer's Office official web site

is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ...

Further reading

  • Hubert Howe Bancroft. The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, Vol. XVII. (History of Arizona and New Mexico 1530-1888) (1889); reprint 1962. online edition
  • Warren Beck. Historical Atlas of New Mexico 1969.
  • Thomas E. Chavez, An Illustrated History of New Mexico, 267 pages, University of New Mexico Press 2002, ISBN 0-8263-3051-7
  • Joseph G. Dawdon III. Doniphan's Epic March; The 1st Missouri Volunteers in the Mexican War, Kansas Press [2]
  • Richard Ellis, ed. New Mexico Past and Present: A Historical Reader. 1971. primary sources
  • Lynne Marie Getz; Schools of Their Own: The Education of Hispanos in New Mexico, 1850-1940 (1997)
  • Erlinda Gonzales-Berry, David R. Maciel, editors, The Contested Homeland: A Chicano History of New Mexico, 314 pages - University of New Mexico Press 2000, ISBN 0-8263-2199-2
  • Nancie L. González; The Spanish-Americans of New Mexico: A Heritage of Pride (1969)
  • Ramón A. Gutiérrez; When Jesus Came, the Corn Mothers Went Away: Marriage, Sexuality, and Power in New Mexico, 1500-1846 (1991)
  • Paul L. Hain; F. Chris Garcia, Gilbert K. St. Clair; New Mexico Government 3rd ed. (1994)
  • Tony Hillerman, The Great Taos Bank Robbery and other Indian Country Affairs, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1973, trade paperback, 147 pages, (ISBN 0-8263-0530-X), stories
  • Jack E. Holmes, Politics in New Mexico (1967),
  • Paul Horgan, Great River, The Rio Grande in North American History, 1038 pages, Wesleyan University Press 1991, 4th Reprint, ISBN 0585380147 , Pulitzer Prize 1955
  • Sante Fe Trail: 72 References Kansas Historical Society [3]
  • Robert W. Kern, Labor in New Mexico: Strikes, Unions, and Social History, 1881-1981, University of New Mexico Press 1983, ISBN 0-8263-0675-6
  • Howard R. Lamar; The Far Southwest, 1846-1912: A Territorial History (1966, repr 2000)
  • Robert W. Larson, New Mexico's Quest for Statehood, 1846-1912 (1968)
  • John M. Nieto-Phillips, The Language of Blood: The Making of Spanish-American Identity in New Mexico, 1880s-1930s, University of New Mexico Press 2004, ISBN 08236324231
  • Marc Simmons, New Mexico: An Interpretive History, 221 pages, University of New Mexico Press 1988, ISBN 0-8263-1110-5
  • George I. Sánchez; Forgotten People: A Study of New Mexicans (1940; reprint 1996)
  • Marc Simmons, New Mexico: An Interpretive History, 221 pages, University of New Mexico Press 1988, ISBN 0-8263-1110-5, good introduction
  • Ferenc M. Szasz; and Richard W. Etulain; Religion in Modern New Mexico (1997)
  • David J. Weber, The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest under Mexico (1982)
  • David J. Weber; Foreigners in Their Native Land: Historical Roots of the Mexican Americans (1973), primary sources to 1912

Shaded Relief Image of the Llano Estacado Llano Estacado (or Staked Plains) is a region in the southwestern United States that encompasses parts of eastern New Mexico and northwestern Texas. ... The Caprock is a region in the Panhandle of Texas (USA). ... Tony Hillerman (born May 27, 1925) is an award-winning American author of detective novels and non-fiction works. ... Paul Horgan was an American author of fiction and non-fiction, most of which was set in the Southwestern United States. ...

External links

Find more about New Mexico on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
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Learning resources
  • New Mexico Government
    • New Mexico's Blue Book On-Line - State of New Mexico, Secretary of State (print almanac of statistics and information)
    • Bureau of Elections New Mexico Major and Minor Political Parties
  • New Mexico State Databases - Annotated list of searchable databases produced by New Mexico state agencies and compiled by the Government Documents Roundtable of the American Library Association.
  • Bureau of Business and Economic Research (BBER) at University of New Mexico (statistical information about the New Mexico economy)
  • New Mexico - Science In Your Backyard - United States Geological Society
  • "American Southwest" - Discover Our Shared Heritage travel itinerary - National Park Service
  • New Mexico dataset - United States Census Bureau
  • New Mexico state facts - Economic Research Service - United States Department of Agriculture


Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... The University of New Mexico (UNM) is a public university in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ...

Preceded by
Oklahoma
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Admitted on January 6, 1912 (47th)
Succeeded by
Arizona

Coordinates: 34° N 106° W Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym Connecticuter or Connecticutian[2] Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[4] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[5] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... -1... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym North Carolinian Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th in the US  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (340 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Demonym North Dakotan Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Motto Samoa, Muamua Le Atua(Samoan) Samoa, Let God Be First Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa Capital Pago Pago; Fagatogo (seat of government) Official languages English, Samoan Government  -  Governor Togiola Tulafono United States unincorporated territory  -  Treaty of Berlin 1899   -  Deed of Cession of Tutuila 1900   -  Deed of Cession... Anthem: Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi(Chamorro) Satil Matawal Pacifiko(Carolinian) Capital Saipan Official languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian Government Presidential representative democracy  -  Governor Benigno R. Fitial  -  Lt. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... Motto United in Pride and Hope Anthem Virgin Islands March Capital (and largest city) Charlotte Amalie Official languages English Government  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor John de Jongh Organized, unincorporated territory  -  Revised Organic Act 22 July 1954  Area  -  Total 346. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands Map showing the location of the islands in the Pacific Ocean (highlighted with red boxes) The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular... Bajo Nuevo Bank, also called the Petrel Islands, is located in the western United States and Jamaica. ... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′N 176°31′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Howland Island Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′N 176°38′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Jarvis Island (formerly also known as Bunker Island[1]) is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 130 km² atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at 16°45′N 169°30′W, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands. ... The flag of the US is used for Kingman Reef Kingman Reef Kingman Reef—NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... Navassa Island map from The World Factbook Navassa Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Navassa Island (La Navase in French, Lanavaz in Haitian Kreyòl) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. ... Palmyra Atoll - Landsat Image N-03-05_2000 (1:50,000) Palmyra Atoll - Marplot Map (1:50,000) Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll, is an incorporated atoll administered by the United States government. ... Serranilla Bank is a western Caribbean island located about 210 miles north-northeast of Nicaragua. ... USGS Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite image of Wake Island. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome :: Plan a Trip, Explore NM, Travel Deals, Maps, calendar :: New Mexico Tourism Department (761 words)
New Mexico Clean & Beautiful (a program of the New Mexico Tourism Department) has joined with Keep New...
New Mexico’s southern region makes a great gateway for a Mexican getaway.
The NMRA Finals will bring an estimated 200 of the best cowboy and cowgirl athletes from New Mexico and surrounding states to Farmington to compete for the honor of being named New Mexico State Champion and over $85,000 in prizes.
New Mexico travel guide - Wikitravel (4419 words)
Most of New Mexico is at higher elevation, hence slightly cooler, than other states of the Southwest; problems with boiling radiators, etc., are therefore not as common, although it's still a good idea to take water with you when driving in the summer, particularly along the low, hot southern tier (I-10 and vicinity).
A considerable portion of New Mexico is preserved in national parks and monuments, national forests, wildlife refuges, and other wild areas, and is available to the hiker/backpacker.
New Mexico chiles, despite their reputation, are generally not as hot as habaneros and some Asian peppers, although their spiciness can still come as quite a jolt to the palate unused to spicy foods.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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