FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.
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Encyclopedia > New Laws

During the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the New Laws of 1542 were created to prevent the exploitation of the indigenous people by the encomenderos. They were enforced by Blasco Nunez Vela, the first viceroy of Peru, who quickly became unpopular among the encomenderos and fled to Quito to escape a large revolt.

The New Laws consisted of many regulations on the encomienda system including: the abolishment of indigenous slavery, the prohibiting of needlessly sending indigenous people to work in the mines unless it was absolutely necessary, the indigenous people be taxed fairly, any public officials or clergy who has an encomienda grant should give their grant back to the Crown and encomienda grants should be given back to the Crown after the death of the encomendero.

In 1569, a new viceroy, Francisco de Toledo, arrived with plans for a more thorough reform of Spanish Peru.


  • Kenneth J. Andrien, Andean Worlds, 2001

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