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Encyclopedia > New Jersey English
ə This article contains nonstandard pronunciation information which should be rewritten using the International Phonetic Alphabet. Please see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (pronunciation) for help.

For a small state, New Jersey is dialectally quite diverse, with two regions of the state overlapping with other dialect areas, New York and Philadelphia, and several autochthonous dialects. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ...


Generally, only the European American residents of areas immediately closest to New York City are New York Dialect speakers. The New York dialect of the English language is spoken by most European Americans in New York City and much of its metropolitan area including Westchester and Rockland counties, the western half of Long Island, and a few cities in northeastern New Jersey. ...


European Americans in much of southern New Jersey generally speak with an accent that is similar to that of Philadelphians. The southwestern section of New Jersey along the Delaware River is a suburb of Philadelphia and has large numbers of transplanted Philadelphians who moved to the growing area during Philadelphia's decline. The situation is very similar to the Northern New Jersey-New York City relationship.


The so-called North Jersey accent spoken in northern New Jersey is found in the northeast quarter of New Jersey, and is basically the part of the state which is in New York City's metropolitan area, including communities such as Rutherford and Rahway. However, it is not part of the New York Dialect area. For instance, it is rhotic and lacks a short a split. NYC shibboleths such as hero are less used than the less regionally distinct sub (sandwich on baguette style bread). A curious example of a speaker of this dialect is the founder of variationist sociolinguistics William Labov. An exaggerated version of this accent is spoken by many characters on the television series The Sopranos, the best example being mob boss Tony Soprano (who is played by New Jersey native James Gandolfini). North Jersey is an informal and indefinite name for the northern or northeastern part of New Jersey, which is sandwiched between two important cities: New York, New York (which North Jersey locals refer to as The City) and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (which South Jersey locals refer to as The City). Benjamin... Map highlighting Rutherfords location within Bergen County. ... Rahway is a city located in Union County, New Jersey. ... The Sopranos is an American television drama broadcast on HBO about a fictional Italian-American Mafia family in Northern New Jersey. ... Anthony John Soprano, Sr. ... James R. Gandolfini (born September 18, 1961) is an American actor, most famous for his role as Tony Soprano in The Sopranos. ...


The present accent of the Jersey Shore, from Cape May to Bell Mawr, is heavily influenced by the populations of summer visitors from North Jersey, New York, and Philadelphia from which it was principally settled. However, prior to the influence of the tourism industry on the area, the situation was different. Presently the beachfront communities north of Atlantic City tend to have a heavy New York influence and those to the south have a Philadelphia influence due to the large number of residents from those areas who spend their summer "down the shore". The Jersey Shore is a colloquial term used in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States to refer to the ocean-facing coast of New Jersey, together with the adjacent resort and residential communities. ...


The "Piney" accent of the Jersey Pine Barrens and parts of the Pine Belt has a unique vowel formation of its own. "House" is pronounced "huose," much as in today's Cape Breton accent, stressing the "u." Some have said that it is due to lingering Dutch and Swedish features, but the heavy Irish and Scots immigration may be a factor as well. For other Pine Barrens, see List of pine barrens; for a discussion of the ecotype, see pine barrens Lake Atsion in the Pine Barrens Map of the Pine Barrens The Pine Barrens, also known as the Pinelands, are a heavily forested area covering 1. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Cape May was first a Dutch town, which is still reflected in the Dutch names of some local businesses and streets. The only road to Cape May was from Philadelphia, so Philadelphia English mixed in with the Dutch. The Cape May accent is fading away now as more residents from North Jersey, New York and Philadelphia populate the area. Cape May City highlighted in Cape May County. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the City That Loves You Back, the Quaker City, The Birthplace of America Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D...


Contrary to popular belief, no one in any part of New Jersey refers to their state as [dʒɒɪzi], typically written as Joisey. The pronunciation of middle vowel as [ɒɪ] instead of the standard American [ɝ] has its roots in New York English but it is only residual in the NYC dialect area as described above. Nevertheless, the use of the bare term Jersey is common in New York City, although it may also be a mistaken attempt by non-New Jersey residents to use what they believe to be the local term.


See also

This article deals with lexical differences within American English; see American English regional differences for differences in phonology and grammar. ...

External links

The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ...

References

  • Labov, William (1982) The social stratification of English in New York City Center for Applied Linguistics ISBN 0872811492
  • Labov, William (1994) Principles of Linguistic Change: Volume 1: Internal Factors Blackwell ISBN 0631179143
  • Labov, William (2001) Atlas of North American English DeGruyter ISBN 3110167468
  • Labov, William (2001) Principles of Linguistic Change: Volume 2: Social Factors Blackwell ISBN 063117916X
  • Wolfram, Walt & Nancy Schilling Estes (2005) American English 2nd edition Blackwell ISBN 1405112654
  • Wolfram, Walt & Ward, Ben (2005) American Voices: How Dialects Differ from Coast to Coast Blackwell ISBN 1405121092

 
 

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