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Encyclopedia > New Helvetia

Nuevo Helvetia (also known as "New Helvetia" or "New Switzerland") was a Mexican-era California settlement.


The pioneer John Sutter (born Johann August Suter), from Liestal, Switzerland, arrived in Alta California with other settlers in August 1839. He established the agricultural and trading colony and stockade Sutter's Fort as "Nuevo Helvetia" or "New Helvetia" or "New Switzerland" in 1840. The site is just a few miles east of where his son, John Sutter Jr. would establish Sacramento, California and is on the eastern edge of Sacramento's current downtown. Johann Augustus Sutter (February 15, 1803 - June 18th, 1880) was a Californian famous for his association with the California Gold Rush (in that gold was discovered by James W. Marshall in Sutters Mill) and for establishing Sutters Fort in an area that would later become the capital of... Liestal (in former times Liesthal) is a smal Swiss Town 17 km south of Basel, and 6km south of Augst, capital of the half canton Basel-Land. ... Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of Dominican missions in the south. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 19th century illustration of Sutters Fort Completed in 1839, Sutters Fort, which was originally called New Helvetia (New Switzerland) by its builder, John Sutter, was a 19th century agricultural and trading colony in California. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sacramento from near the Sacramento River Sacramento is the county seat of Sacramento County, California and the capital of the U.S. state of California. ...


Sutter's Fort is preserved as a California State Historic Park.


  Results from FactBites:
 
DSRB Auction 12, Lot 63 (864 words)
New York: C. Francis and Co.; Boston: J. Francis, 1849.
Returning from one of his outings, Revere received the startling news that the Walla Walla Indians had invaded the Sacramento Valley and he wrote at length telling how Californios, Americans, and Indians pulled together to meet this crisis.
Ever mindful of the consequences of change, Revere provided an extensive and important disquisition on California land titles, the historical background of land ownership during the Hispanic era, and the impact of Americanization on the vast Mexican land grants.
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