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Encyclopedia > New Delhi
  ?New Delhi
National Capital Territory of Delhi • India
North Block
North Block
Coordinates: 28°42′N 77°12′E / 28.7, 77.2
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
42.7 km² (16 sq mi)
• 216 m (709 ft)
District(s) New Delhi
Population
Density
321,883 [1] (2006)
• 9,294 /km² (24,071 /sq mi)
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 110 xxx
• +011
• DL-0?
Website: www.ndmc.gov.in

Coordinates: 28°42′N 77°12′E / 28.7, 77.2 It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Delhi. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Situated on Raisina Hill, New Delhi, India Secretariat Building is a set of two buildings on the opposite side of Rajpath that are home to many important Ministries of the Government of India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The divisions of a district. ... , This article is about the urban region that is the capital of India. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

New Delhi (Hindi: नई दिल्ली, Punjabi: ਨਵੀਂ ਦਿੱਲੀ, Urdu: نئی دلی, Bengali: নতুন দিল্লি, Malayalam: ന്യൂ ഡല്ഹി, Telugu:కొత్త ఢిల్లీ ) is the capital city of India. With a total area of 42.7 km2, New Delhi is situated within the metropolis of Delhi and serves as the seat of the Government of India and the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Telugu may refer to: Telugu language Telugu literature Telugu people Telugu script Telugu films Look up Telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Delhi. ...


Planned by Edwin Lutyens, a leading 20th century British architect, New Delhi is known for its wide, tree-lined boulevards and houses numerous national institutions and landmarks as well. Edwin Lutyens Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was a leading 20th century British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Delhi
Jantar Mantar was an astronomical observatory built by Maharaja Jai Singh II

Calcutta was the capital of India until 1911 during the British Raj. However, Delhi had served as the political and financial centre of several empires of ancient and medieval India, most notably of the Mughal Empire. During the early 1900s, a proposal was made to the British administration to shift the capital of the Indian Empire from Calcutta to Delhi. Unlike Calcutta, which was located on the eastern coast of India, Delhi was located in northern India and the Government of British India felt that it would be easier to administer India from Delhi rather than from Calcutta. George V, the then Emperor of India, made the announcement the capital of the Raj was to be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.[1] The Indian capital city of Delhi has a long history, including a history as the capital of several empires. ... The Yantra Mandir (literally the temple of instruments, and often called the Jantar Mantar) is in the modern city of New Delhi, Delhi. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... Ancient India may refer to: The Ancient India, which generally includes the ancient history of the whole Indian subcontinent (South Asia) Indus Valley Civilization — during the Bronze Age Vedic period — the period of Vedic Sanskrit, spanning the late Bronze Age and the earlier Iron Age Mahajanapadas — during the later Iron... This article needs cleanup. ... Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Lahore, Delhi, Agra , Kabul, Lucknow and Bhopal Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Absolute Monarchy , Unitary Government with a federal structure Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, which he created from the British branch of the German House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... New Crowns for Old depicts Disraeli as Abanazer from the pantomime version of Aladdin offering Victoria an Imperial crown in exchange for a Royal one. ... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ...

The India Gate commemorates Indian soldiers who lost their lives in World War I
The India Gate commemorates Indian soldiers who lost their lives in World War I

New Delhi was laid out to the south of the Old City which was constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. However, New Delhi overlays the site of seven ancient cities and hence includes many historic monuments like the Jantar Mantar and the Lodhi Gardens. Built in the memory of more than 90,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the Afghan Wars and World War I, the India Gate is one of the most famous monuments in Delhi. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Shabuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan. ... The city of Delhi is the site where seven cities were built in the past. ... The Yantra Mandir (literally the temple of instruments, and often called the Jantar Mantar) is in the modern city of New Delhi, Delhi. ...


Much of New Delhi was planned by Edwin Lutyens, a leading 20th century British architect and it has been dubbed "Lutyens' Delhi". Lutyens laid out the central administrative area of the city as a testament to Britain's imperial pretensions. At the heart of the city was the magnificent Rashtrapati Bhawan (then known as Viceroy's House) which sat atop Raisina Hill. The Rajpath, also known as King's Way, stretched from the India Gate to the Rashtrapati Bhawan. The Secretariat which houses various ministries of the Government of India, flanked out of the Rashtrapati Bhawan. The Parliament House, designed by Herbert Baker, is located at the Sansad Marg, which runs parallel to the Rajpath. Edwin Lutyens Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was a leading 20th century British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. ... View of Rashtrapati Bhavan with the Jaipur Column in the foreground, in Lutyens Delhi. ... For the computer game, see Imperialism (computer game). ... rashtrapathi bhavan ... Raisina Hill is the most priced estate in Lutyens Delhi. ... Rajpath, heading towards India Gate. ... Built in the memory of more than 90,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the Afghan Wars and World War I, the India Gate is one of the most famous monuments in Delhi. ... The Secretariat Building in New Delhi. ... Sansad Bhavan, The Parliament of India The Parliament of India (or Sansad) is bicameral. ... Sir Herbert Baker 9 June 1862 Cobham, Kent - 4 February 1946 Cobham, Kent, was the dominant force in South African architecture for two decades, 1892–1912. ...


After India gained independence in 1947, a limited autonomy was conferred to New Delhi and was administered by a Chief Commissioner appointed by the Government of India. In 1956, Delhi was converted into a union territory and eventually the Chief Commissioner was replaced by a Lieutenant Governor. The Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.[2] A system of diarchy was introduced under which the elected Government was given wide powers, excluding law and order which remained with the Central Government. The actual enforcement of the legislation came in 1993. Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... The Constitution of India lays down the framework on which Indian polity is run. ... Diarchy (or dyarchy) is a society or an organization with two rulers on an equal standing. ...


Geography

See also: Climate of Delhi
The Yamuna River lies to the east of New Delhi.
The Yamuna River lies to the east of New Delhi.
New Delhi is situated in the center of Delhi.
New Delhi is situated in the center of Delhi.

New Delhi lies in northern India, almost entirely in the Gangetic plains. New Delhi was once a part of the Aravalies, but all that is left now is the Delhi ridge, the first prominent geographical feature. The second feature is the Yamuna floodplains; New Delhi lies west of the Yamuna river, although for the most part, New Delhi is a landlocked city. East of the river is the urban area of Shahdara. New Delhi falls under the seismic zone-IV, making it vulnerable to major earthquakes.[3] Climate of Delhi is semi-arid with high variation between summer and winter temperatures. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The river Yamuna is a major river of northern India, with a total length of around 1370 km. ... Image File history File links Delhi_districts. ... Image File history File links Delhi_districts. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a rich, fertile and ancient land encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. ... The Gangetic Plains are the part of the Ganges River (or River Ganga) that flows across Indias northern plains. ... The Aravali Range The Aravali Range is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state. ... Delhi ridge is a ridge in the National Capital Territory of Delhi in India. ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... Shahdara, New Delhi is a suburb of Delhi. ... The Indian subcontinent has had a history of devastating earthquakes. ...


New Delhi and its vicinity have a somewhat exaggerated continental climate due to its distance from the coasts and location with respect to mountain ranges. The temperature varies from 40 degrees Celsius in summers to around 4 degrees Celsius in winters.[4] Delhi has a semi-arid climate with high variation between summer and winter temperatures. Summers are long, from early April to October, with the monsoon season in between. Winter starts in November and peaks in January. The annual mean temperature is 25 °C (77 °F); monthly mean temperatures range from 14 °C to 33 °C (58 °F to 92 °F).[5] The average annual rainfall is approximately 714 mm (28.1 inches), most of which is during the monsoons in July and August.[6] In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial unit of length. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ...


Government

The North Block Houses key government offices
The North Block Houses key government offices

As of 2005, the government structure of the New Delhi Municipal Council includes a chairperson, three members of New Delhi's Legislative Assembly, two members nominated by the Chief Minister of National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT) and five members nominated by the central government. The current Chief Minister of the NCT is Sheila Dikshit. Situated on Raisina Hill, New Delhi, India Secretariat Building is a set of two buildings on the opposite side of Rajpath that are home to many important Ministries of the Government of India. ... New Delhi Municipal Council is a city and a municipal council in New Delhi district in the Indian state of Delhi. ... A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... Sheila Dikshit (sometimes rendered Shiela and Dixit) (born March 31, 1938) is the Chief Minister of Delhi since 1998. ...


New Delhi is governed by its own municipal government, known as the New Delhi Municipal Council. Other urban areas of the metropolis of Delhi are administered by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi and are hence not considered a part of the capital city. However, the entire metropolis of Delhi is commonly known as New Delhi in contrast to Old Delhi. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... New Delhi Municipal Council is a city and a municipal council in New Delhi district in the Indian state of Delhi. ... The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is a municipal corporation that governs most of the metropolis of Delhi in India. ... Delhi (दिल्ली or Dillī in Hindi and Bengali and دیلی in Urdu) is a term that refers to either the State of Delhi or the National Capital Territory (NCT) of the Republic of India. ...


Urban structure

Much of New Delhi was planned by Edwin Lutyens, a leading 20th century British architect and has been dubbed "Lutyens' Delhi". Lutyens laid out the central administrative area of the city as a testament to Britain's imperial pretensions. New Delhi is structured around two central promenades called the Rajpath and the Janpath. The Rajpath, or King's Way, stretches from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the India Gate. The Janpath, formerly Queen's Way, begins at Connaught Circus and cuts the Shantipath at right angles. Immediately in front of Rashtrapati Bhavan is the Jaipur Column, topped by a star. ... The President of India (Hindi: Rashtrapati) is the head of state and first citizen of India and the Supreme Commander of the Indian armed forces. ... Edwin Lutyens Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was a leading 20th century British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. ... A Promenade is a seaside walkway constructed so that people can enjoy walking near the sea without getting their clothes wet and dirty. ... Rajpath, heading towards India Gate. ... View south while crossing Janpath on foot with care, 2006. ... Immediately in front of Rashtrapati Bhavan is the Jaipur Column, topped by a star. ... Built in the memory of more than 90,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives during the Afghan Wars and World War I, the India Gate is one of the most famous monuments in Delhi. ... View south while crossing Janpath on foot with care, 2006. ... Commercial buildings in Connaught Place Shops along the innermost Connaught Circle at night LIC building in Connaught Circle at night Connaught Place (officially called Rajeev Chowk, but referred to as C.P. by Delhiites) is a central business district of New Delhi, India. ...


At the heart of the city is the magnificent Rashtrapati Bhavan (formerly known as Viceroy's House) which sits atop Raisina Hill. The Secretariat, which houses various ministries of the Government of India, flanks out of the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The Parliament House, designed by Herbert Baker, is located at the Sansad Marg, which runs parallel to the Rajpath. Raisina Hill is the most priced estate in Lutyens Delhi. ...


Transport

Public transport in New Delhi is provided by buses, auto rickshaws, a rapid transit system, taxis and suburban railways. Autobus redirects here. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ...

Auto Rickshaws are a popular means of transportation in New Delhi
Auto Rickshaws are a popular means of transportation in New Delhi

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2583 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Auto rickshaw Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2583 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Auto rickshaw Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ...

Metro

The Delhi Mass Rapid Transit System; a world class metro service, has been instituted in New Delhi and in the rest of the metropolis. In order to meet the transport demand in Delhi, the State and Union government started the construction of a mass rapid transit system, including the Delhi Metro.[7] As of 2007, the metro operates three lines with a total length of 65 km (40 miles) and 59 stations while several other lines are under construction.[8] Delhi metro network, as it will look by 2010 Delhi Metro, operational since 2002, is seen as a model for other metros. ... Delhi metro network, as it will look by 2010 Delhi Metro, operational since 2002, is seen as a model for other metros. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


Taxi & Rickshaw

Auto rickshaws are a popular mode of public transportation in New Delhi. They are usually coloured Green and Yellow and, like all other commmercial vehicles in the NCR, run on CNG. State permit Black and Yellow taxis can also be found dotting the city, but have relatively few takers. Another option is the Radio Taxi: luxurious sedans furnished with air-conditioner and GPS and GPRS technology enabled devices.Taxicabs though, are a distant second as compared to the popular auto rickshaws, owing to their high rates. Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... NCR can refer to several topics: National Capital Region, the conurbations that surround the national capitals of several countries. ... Typical North America vehicles carry this diamond shape symbol, meaning it is running on compressed natural gas fuel. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ...


Bus

Low floor DTC Buses operate across the city
Low floor DTC Buses operate across the city

Buses are the most popular means of transport catering to about 60% of the total demand.[7] The state-owned Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) is a major bus service provider for the city and plays a crucial role in connecting it with the rest of the metropolis. The buses operate around 34 depots, and the inter-state buses operate from the three Inter State Bus Terminals in Kashmere Gate, Sarai Kale Khan and Anand Vihar. DTC coordinates with Delhi Metro to connect commuters in areas surrounding the metro stations. DTC is constantly upgrading its fleet from dilapidated buses to the new Low-Floor Buses supplied by TATA. These modern buses are equipped with electronic displays, automatic doors, and automatic transmission. These buses come in the Green(Non-AC) and Red(AC) variants, with the latter having been recently introduced. Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) is the main public transport operator of Delhi. ... Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) is the main public transport operator of Delhi. ... Inter State Bus Terminals in Delhi, India provide bus service to points in other states of India outside the National Capital Territory of Delhi. ... Kashmere Gate is the locality or a place in Northern Delhi, rather old Delhi area. ... Sarai Kale Khan is one of the major bus termini in Delhi. ... The Delhi Metro is the metro system of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited. ... Tata may refer to: Tata Group, a multinational company based in India Tata Motors, one of Indias largest automobile company known for its hatchback motorvehicle Tata Indica Tata Steel, worlds fifth largest steel producer Tata Consultancy Services, Indias largest IT company Tata Airlines, now Air India Tata... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad...


A rather infamous competitor by the name of Blueline Bus, run by private owners under State Permit is infamous for its deplorable fleet, reckless drivers and a poor track record, having been involved in numerous cases of crushing pedestrians and motorists. Apart from these, Chartered Buses running between important locations can be boarded during morning and evening peak hours.


Air

Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGI) is situated in South West Delhi and is the main airport serving New Delhi. In 2006–07, the IGI airport recorded traffic of more than 20.44 million passengers, making it the second busiest airport in South Asia. Palam Airport and Safdarjung Airport are the other airfields in Delhi used for general aviation purpose. Check-in area of domestic departure terminal 1A Indira Gandhi International Airport (Hindi: इंदिरा गांधी अंतरराष्ट्रीय हवाई अड्डा) (IATA: DEL, ICAO: VIDP), located in New Delhi, is one of Indias main domestic and international gateways. ... Map showing the nine districts of Delhi. ...

The Auto Expo, Asia's largest auto show, showcases modern forms of public and private transport
The Auto Expo, Asia's largest auto show,[9] showcases modern forms of public and private transport

The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organisation, playing a proactive role in India’s development process. ... An auto show, or motor show, is a public exhibition of current automobile models, debuts, concept cars, or out-of-production classics. ...

Suburban Railway

Railways served only 1% of the local traffic as of 2003.[7] The headquarters of Indian Railways and the Northern Railway are situated in New Delhi. The New Delhi Railway Station serves as the main railway station for the city and is a major railway hub in northern India.[7] Indian Railways (Hindi भारतीय रेल), abbreviated as (Hindi भारे ) IR, is a Department of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Railways, and is tasked with operating the rail network in India. ... The Northern Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ... The New Delhi Railway Station (station code NDLS) is the main railway station in Delhi, and is one of the largest stations in India. ... The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a rich, fertile and ancient land encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. ...


Road

Private vehicles account for 30% of the total demand for transport.[7] At 1922.32 km of road length per 100 km², Delhi has one of the highest road densities in India.[7] Delhi is well connected to other parts of India by five National Highways: NH 1, 2, 8, 10 and 24. Roads in Delhi are maintained by MCD (Municipal Corporation of Delhi), NDMC, Delhi Cantonment Board, Public Works Department (PWD) and Delhi Development Authority.[10] he Auto Expo, Asia's largest auto show,[11] showcases modern forms of public and private transport The Network of National Highways in India National Highways in India is the class of roads maintained by the Central Government and is the main long-distance roadways. ... The Network of National Highways in India The list of National Highways in India gives a region wide listing of the Indian Highways, a class of roads maintained by the National Highways Authority of India. ... DDA or Delhi Development Authority [edit] About DDA The Delhi Development Authority was created in 1957 under the provisions of the Delhi Development Act to promote and secure the development of Delhi DDA has played a vital role in the orderly-yet-rapid development of Delhi. ... The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organisation, playing a proactive role in India’s development process. ... An auto show, or motor show, is a public exhibition of current automobile models, debuts, concept cars, or out-of-production classics. ...

Further information: Transport in Delhi

A busy main road in New Delhi. ...

Demographics

The Akshardham Temple is a Hindu Temple in New Delhi
The Akshardham Temple is a Hindu Temple in New Delhi

As of 2003, the total population of New Delhi was 295,000. A large portion of New Delhi is associated with governmental affairs. The National Capital Territory of Delhi, of which New Delhi is a part of, had a population of 14.1 million people making it the second largest metropolitan area in India after Mumbai.[12] There are 925 women per 1000 men, and the literacy rate is 81.67%.[13] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Akshardham [1] is a Hindu temple complex in Delhi, India. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ...


Hinduism is the religion of 82% of Delhi's population, of which New Delhi is a part. There are also large communities of Muslims (11.7%), Sikhs (4.0%), Jains (1.1%) and Christians (0.9%) in Delhi[14]. Other minorities include Parsis, Buddhists and Jews.[15] Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Parsi community. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by...


Hindi is the principal spoken and written language of the city. Other languages commonly spoken in the city are English, Punjabi and Urdu. Linguistic groups from all over India are well represented in the city; among them are Maithili,Kannada, Telugu, Bengali, Marathi and Tamil. Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... The phrase Zaban-e Urdu-e Mualla written in Urdu Urdu () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family that developed under Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Hindi, and Sanskrit influence in South Asia during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... Maithili (मैथिली MaithilÄ«) is a language of the family of Indo-Aryan languages, which are part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Telugu redirects here. ... Bangla redirects here. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ...


Culture

Connaught Place is an important cultural center
Connaught Place is an important cultural center
Pragati Maidan hosts major exhibitions like the World Book Fair and India International Trade Fair
Pragati Maidan hosts major exhibitions like the World Book Fair and India International Trade Fair

New Delhi is a cosmopolitan city due to the multi-ethnic and multi-cultural presence of the vast Indian bureaucracy and political system. The city's capital status has amplified the importance of national events and holidays. National events such as Republic Day, Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti (Gandhi's birthday) are celebrated with great enthusiasm in New Delhi and the rest of India. On India's Independence Day (15 August) the Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from the Red Fort. Most Delhiites celebrate the day by flying kites, which are considered a symbol of freedom.[16] The Republic Day Parade is a large cultural and military parade showcasing India's cultural diversity and military might.[17][18] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,097 × 798 pixels, file size: 470 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded on October 19, 2007 by Mr Mobs Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul http://flickr. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,097 × 798 pixels, file size: 470 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded on October 19, 2007 by Mr Mobs Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul http://flickr. ... Commercial buildings in Connaught Place on a very foggy day Shops along the innermost Connaught Circle at night LIC building in Connaught Circle at night Connaught Place (officially called Rajeev Chowk, but referred to as C.P. by Delhiites) is a central business district of New Delhi, India. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The World Book Fair, held at New Delhi, is Indias oldest book fair. ... The India Trade Promotion Organization (ITPO), the premier trade promotion agency of the Government of India has been celebrating its premier event- India International Trade Fair every year at Pragati Maidan New Delhi. ... The Republic Day of India (Hindi: गणतंत्र दिवस Gantantra Divas) is a national holiday of India to mark the transition of India from a British Dominion to a republic on January 26, 1950 and the adoption of the Constitution of India. ... Indias Independence Day (Hindi: स्वतंत्रता दिवस) is celebrated on August 15 to commemorate its independence from British rule and its birth as a sovereign nation on that day in 1947. ... Gandhi, taken in 1931. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... The Delhi Fort also known as Lal Qilah, or Lal Qila, meaning the Red Fort, located in Delhi, India is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. ... Republic Day Parade refers to a military and cultural parade held in the Indian Capital of New Delhi on the Republic Day of India, on 26 January every year. ...


Religious festivals include Divali (the festival of light), Durga Puja, Holi, Lohri, Maha Shivaratri, Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha, Christmas and Buddha Jayanti.[18] The Qutub Festival is a cultural event during which performances of musicians and dancers from all over India are showcased at night, with the Qutub Minar as the chosen backdrop of the event.[19] Other events such as Kite Flying Festival, International Mango Festival and Vasant Panchami (the Spring Festival) are held every year in Delhi. Diwali taking place in a rural area Dīpãvali (also transliterated Deepavali; Sanskrit: row of lights) or Diwãli (contracted spelling) is the Hindu festival of lights, held on the final day of the Vikram calendar, one type of a Hindu calendar that is followed by North Indians. ... Durga Puja (Bengali: দুর্গাপূজা Durga Puja) is the biggest festival of Hindus in Bihar, West Bengal, East Bengal, Jharkhand, and Bengali Hindus all over the world. ... For the Indian film of the same name, see Holi (film). ... Pongal (பொங்கல் in Tamil) is an Indian festival to give thanks for the harvest. ... Maha Shivratri or Maha Sivaratri or Shivaratri or Sivaratri (Night of Shiva) is a Hindu festival celebrated every year on the 14th day in the Krishna Paksha of the month Maagha (as per Shalivahana) or Phalguna(as per Vikrama) in the Hindu Calendar. ... Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiá¹­r), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. ... Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd al-’Aḍḥā) is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide as a commemoration of Ibrahims (Abrahams) willingness to sacrifice his son Ismael for Allah, but a voice from heaven allows Ibrahim to sacrifice a goat instead. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Qutub Festival is a three day festival usually held in November-December in the Qutb complex in the Indian metropolis of Delhi. ... Over 500 types of mango are featured at the International Mango Festival The International Mango Festival, held annually in Delhi, India, is a two-day festival showcasing mangoes. ... Vasant Panchami is a Hindu festival celebrating Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge, music, and art. ...


Economy

Rajiv Circle, formerly called Connaught Place, one of northern India's largest commercial and financial centres, is located in the heart of New Delhi. With an estimated net State Domestic Product (SDP) of 83,085 crores (830.85 billion) Indian rupee (INR) (for the year 2004–05),[20] Delhi is an important commercial centre in South Asia. Delhi has a per capita income of 53,976 INR.[20] The tertiary sector contributes 78.4% of Delhi's gross SDP followed by secondary and primary sectors with 20.2% and 1.4% contribution respectively.[20] Commercial buildings in Connaught Place on a very foggy day Shops along the innermost Connaught Circle at night LIC building in Connaught Circle at night Connaught Place (officially called Rajeev Chowk, but referred to as C.P. by Delhiites) is a central business district of New Delhi, India. ... The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a rich, fertile and ancient land encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. ... State Domestic Product, or SDP, is the total value of goods and services produced during any financial year within the geographical boundaries of a province or state. ... A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system, still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... “INR” redirects here. ... The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ... The secondary sector of industry includes those economic sectors that create a finished, usable product: manufacturing and construction. ... The primary sector of industry generally involves the changing process of natural resources into primary products. ...


Government and quasi government sector was the primary employer in New Delhi. The city's service sector has expanded due in part to the large skilled English-speaking workforce that has attracted many multinational companies. Key service industries include information technology, telecommunications, hotels, banking, media and tourism.


References

  1. ^ Hall, P (2002). Cities of Tomorrow. Blackwell Publishing, pp.198-206. ISBN 0631232524. 
  2. ^ THE CONSTITUTION (SIXTY-NINTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 1991. THE CONSTITUTION (AMENDMENT) ACTS, THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA. National Informatics Centre, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India. Retrieved on 2007-01-08.
  3. ^ Hazard profiles of Indian districts (PDF). National Capacity Building Project in Disaster Management. UNDP. Archived from the original on 2006-05-16. Retrieved on 2006-08-23.
  4. ^ Delhi Tourism - Climate. Retrieved on 2007-03-10.
  5. ^ Weatherbase entry for Delhi. Canty and Associates LLC. Retrieved on 2007-01-16.
  6. ^ Chapter 1: Introduction (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006 pp1–7. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. Retrieved on 2006-12-21.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Chapter 12: Transport (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006 pp130–146. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. Retrieved on 2006-12-21.
  8. ^ Station Information. www.delhimetrorail.com. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. (DMRC)). Retrieved on 2007-01-14.
  9. ^ The Hindu : Front Page : Asia’s largest auto carnival begins in Delhi tomorrow
  10. ^ I.Prasada Rao; Dr. P.K. Kanchan, Dr. P.K. Nanda. GIS Based Maintenance Management System (GMMS) For Major Roads Of Delhi. Map India 2006: Transportation. GISdevelopment.net. Retrieved on 2007-01-14.
  11. ^ The Hindu : Front Page : Asia’s largest auto carnival begins in Delhi tomorrow
  12. ^ World Urbanization Prospects The 2003 Revision. ([PDF) p7. United Nations. Retrieved on 2006-04-29.
  13. ^ National Literacy Missions Report,
    Economic Survey of India, Chapter 15 Education (PDF) p1. Retrieved on 2007-12-25.
  14. ^ http://www.censusindia.net/religiondata/ 2001 Indian Census Data
  15. ^ Data on Religion 1. Census of India 2001. Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  16. ^ Independence Day. 123independenceday.com. Compare Infobase Limited. Retrieved on 2007-01-04.
  17. ^ Ray Choudhury, Ray Choudhury (January 28, 2002). R-Day parade, an anachronism?. The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  18. ^ a b Fairs & Festivals of Delhi. Delhi Travel. India Tourism.org. Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  19. ^ Tankha, Madhur. "It's Sufi and rock at Qutub Fest", New Delhi, The Hindu, 15 December 2005. Retrieved on 2007-01-13. 
  20. ^ a b c Chapter 2: State Income (PDF). Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006 pp8–16. Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. Retrieved on 2006-12-21.

Sir Peter Hall is Professor of Planning and Regeneration at The Bartlett, University College London and President of the Town and Country Planning Association. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the largest multilateral source of grant technical assistance in the world. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Delhi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5919 words)
New Delhi, an urban area within the metropolis of Delhi, is the seat of the Government of India.
Delhi derives its historic importance from its position in northern India between the Aravalli Hills to the southwest and the Yamuna river on whose western banks it stands.
Hinduism is practised by 82% of Delhi's population.
New Delhi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (755 words)
New Delhi was laid out to the south of the older city constructed by Shah Jahan, which is now often referred to as Old Delhi.
Much of New Delhi was planned by Sir Edwin Lutyens, who laid out a grandiose central administrative area as a testament to British imperial pretensions.
The scale, extravagance and magnificence of New Delhi was not unlike Washington, or Haussmann and his patron Napoleon III's Paris, both cities designed to awe the newcomer with the power of the central State.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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