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Encyclopedia > New Catholic Encyclopedia

The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. It was designed to give "authoritative information on the entire cycle of Catholic interests, action and doctrine". The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon, 1902 An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia, also (rarely) encyclopædia,[1] is a written compendium of knowledge. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...

Contents


Intent

The encyclopedia was designed to serve the Catholic Church, omitting facts and information which have no relation to the Church and explaining matters from the point of view of the official Catholic doctrine, as it stood during the pontificate of Pius X. It records the accomplishments of Catholics and some others in nearly all intellectual and professional pursuits, including artists, educators, poets and scientists. While more limited than other general encyclopedias, it was far broader in scope than previous efforts at comprehensive Catholic encyclopedias, which had studied only internal Church affairs. The name Catholic Church can mean a visible organization that refers to itself as Catholic, or the invisible Christian Church, viz. ... Pope Saint Pius X (Latin: ), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto (June 2, 1835 – August 20, 1914), was Pope from 1903 to 1914, succeeding Pope Leo XIII (1878–1903). ...


On issues that divide Catholicism from other Churches and Protestant ecclesial communities, the text consistently presents matters from the Catholic point of view. Since the encyclopedia was first undertaken in 1913, however, some of its entries are not up-to-date, either with respect to the secular domain or to the Catholic ecclesiastical world. In particular, it predates the Second Vatican Council, which introduced significant changes in Catholic practice. The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, (Vatican two) was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. ...


History

The writing of the encyclopedia began on January 11, 1905 under the supervision of five editors: January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

The editors, all situated in the United States, had their first editorial meeting at the office of The Messenger, in West Sixteenth Street, New York City. The text received a Nihil Obstat ("nothing hinders") from an official censor Remy Lafort on November 1, 1908 and an Imprimatur ("let it be printed") from John Cardinal Farley, who was Archbishop of New York at the time. This review process was presumably accelerated by the reuse of older authorized publications. In addition to frequent informal conferences and constant communication by letters, the editors subsequently held 134 formal meetings to consider the plan, scope and progress of the work, culminating in publication on April 19, 1913. A supplement was published in 1922. Charles George Herbermann (1840-1916) was born near Münster, Westphalia, Prussia, came to the United States in 1851, and seven years later graduated at College of St. ... It has been suggested that History of the Latin language be merged into this article or section. ... The College of the City of New York was: The former name of the City College of New York The former name of the City University of New York This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Philosopher (detail), by Rembrandt Philosophy is a field of study that includes diverse subfields such as aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, and metaphysics, in which people ask questions such as whether God exists, whether knowledge is possible, and what makes actions right or wrong. ... The Catholic University of America The Catholic University of America (abbreviated CUA), located in Washington, DC, is unique as the national university of the Catholic Church and as the only higher education institution founded by the U.S. bishops. ... Condé Benoist Pallen, Ph. ... The History of the Roman Catholic Church covers a period of just under two thousand years, making the Church one of the oldest religious institutions in history. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc is a 1999 historical drama film directed by Luc Besson. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Official website: City of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... Nihil obstat is an official approval by a delegated censor of the Roman Catholic Church to publish a work dealing with faith or morals. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... An Imprimatur is an official declaration from the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church that a literary or similar work is free from error in matters of Roman Catholic doctrine and morals, and hence acceptable reading for faithful Roman Catholics. ... John Murphy Farley, later John Cardinal Farley, (April 20, 1842 - September 17, 1918) was the seventh bishop (fourth archbishop) of the Roman Catholic diocese of New York. ... St. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The encyclopedia was later updated under the auspices of the Catholic University of America and a 17-volume New Catholic Encyclopedia was first published in 1967, and then in 2002. The New Catholic Encyclopedia is available online at some libraries. The Catholic University of America The Catholic University of America (abbreviated CUA), located in Washington, DC, is unique as the national university of the Catholic Church and as the only higher education institution founded by the U.S. bishops. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...


In 1993, Kevin Knight, a 26-year-old resident of Denver, Colorado, was inspired during the visit of Pope John Paul II to that city for World Youth Day, to launch a project to publish the 1913 edition of the encyclopedia on the internet. Knight founded the website New Advent to house the undertaking. Volunteers from the United States, Canada, France, and Brazil helped in the transcription of the original material. The site went online in 1995, and the transcription was completed in 1997. 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), born Karol Józef Wojtyła [1] (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as pope of the Roman Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from October 16, 1978 until his death, making his the second-longest pontificate. ... World Youth Day 2000 in Rome World Youth Day (WYD) is an annual gathering of Catholic young people, created by Pope John Paul II in 1984 to consolidate the ordinary youth ministry by offering new encouragement for commitment, objectives which foster ever greater involvement and participation (Letter from Pope John... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The 1922 supplement to the Encyclopedia is also in the public domain, but as of 2005 has not been placed on-line. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Derived works

While the encyclopedia does present information from a Catholic perspective, it often offers in-depth and accurate portrayals of historical and philosophical ideas, persons and events. Due to its public domain status, content from the 1913 edition can be incorporated into any work, as long as an individual does not try to pass off articles or information from the encyclopedia as his or her own. Text from the Catholic Encyclopedia appears, sometimes in an edited form, in online reference works such as Wikipedia. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Wikipedia (IPA: [] or []) is a multilingual Web-based free-content encyclopedia. ...


See also

The Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI) is a scholarly encyclopaedia covering all aspects of Islamic civilization and history. ... The Jewish Encyclopedia was an encyclopedia originally published between 1901 and 1906 by Funk and Wagnalls. ...

External links

Sites hosting Catholic Encyclopedia material:


 
 

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