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Encyclopedia > New Castle County, Delaware

New Castle County is the northern-most county of the three counties in the state of Delaware. As of 2000 its population was 500,265. The county seat is Wilmington. Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... State nickname: The First State Other U.S. States Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Governor Ruth Ann Minner Official languages None Area 6,452 km² (49th)  - Land 5,068 km²  - Water 1,387 km² (21. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A county seat is a town which is the capital of a county. ... City nickname: Location in the state of Delaware Founded County New Castle County Mayor James M. Baker (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 44. ...


This county is part of the Delaware Valley area. Delaware Valley is the name of the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-Atlantic City, New Jersey-Wilmington, Delaware Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area. ...

New Castle County, Delaware
County seal
Location of New Castle County, Delaware
Location in the state of Delaware
Formed 1637
Seat Wilmington
Area
 - Total
 - Water

1,278 km² (494 mi²)
174 km² (67 mi²) 13.62%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

500,265
453/km²
www.co.new-castle.de.us
Contents

4.1 Executive
4.2 Legislative
4.3 Judiciary
4.4 Row offices
4.5 Zoning and public works
gif -> png File links The following pages link to this file: New Castle County, Delaware Categories: Public domain images ... Seal on envelope A seal is an impression printed on, embossed upon, or affixed to a document (or any other object) in order to authenticate it, in lieu of or in addition to a signature. ... Public domain map courtesy of The General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin, modified to show counties. ... State nickname: The First State Other U.S. States Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Governor Ruth Ann Minner Official languages None Area 6,452 km² (49th)  - Land 5,068 km²  - Water 1,387 km² (21. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... A county seat is a town which is the capital of a county. ... City nickname: Location in the state of Delaware Founded County New Castle County Mayor James M. Baker (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 44. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ...

History

The first permanent settlement on Delaware soil was Fort Christina, resulting from Peter Minuet's 1638 expedition in the Kalmar Nyckel. The town was laid out where Wilmington presently exists, and the land contracted with the Indians consisted of Old Cape Henlopen north to Sankikans (Trenton Falls), and inland as far as they desired. However, a dispute ensued between the Swedes and the Dutch, who stated they had prior claim to that land. Fort Christina was the first Swedish settlement in North America and the principal settlement of the New Sweden colony. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... The Kalmar Nyckel was a Swedish pinnace built in 1620 which carried the settlers of the colony of New Sweden to the area that is now Wilmington, Delaware. ...


In 1640, New Sweden was founded a few miles south of Christina, and in 1644, Queen Christina appointed Lt. Col. Johan Printz as Governor of New Sweden. She directed boundaries to be set and to reach Cape Henlopen north along the west side of Godyn's Bay (Delaware Bay), up the South River (Delaware River), past Minquas Kill (Christina River), to Sankikans (Trenton Falls). Printz settled on Tinicum Island, making it the seat of government and capital of New Sweden. Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... The Christina River (formerly the Christiana River) is a tributary of the Delaware River, approximately 35 mi (56 km) long, in the U.S. states of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware. ... Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a Swedish colony in North America corresponding roughly to todays state of Delaware, but also containing settlements elsewhere, such as New Stockholm (now Bridgeport) and Swedesboro in New Jersey, as well as others in Pennsylvania and Maryland. ...


Peter Stuyvesant, Governor of New Netherland, sailed up the South River in 1651. He purchased land from the Indians that covered Minquas Kill to Bompties Hook (Bombay Hook), part of this purchase had already been sold to the Swedes in 1638. Stuyvesant, unaware of any dishonesty, began to build Fort Casimir (contemporary New Castle). Petrus Stuyvesant (born 1611 or 1612, presumably in Peperga (Friesland), died 1672) served as the last Dutch director general of the colony of New Netherland before it was turned over to the English. ... New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw-Nederland, Latin: Nova Belgica or Novum Belgium) was the territory claimed by the United Provinces (the Netherlands) on the eastern coast of North America in the 17th century. ... Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... New Castle is a city located in New Castle County, Delaware. ...


In 1654, John Rising, Commissary and Councilor to the Governor Lt. Col. Printz, officially assumed Printz's duties and began to extricate all Dutch from New Sweden. Fort Casimir surrendered and was renamed Fort Trinity in 1654. The Swedes were now in complete possession of the west side of the Delaware River. On June 21, 1654, the Indians met with the Swedes to reaffirm the purchase. Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ...


The Dutch, having learned of the fall of Fort Casimir, sent Stuyvesant to drive the Swedes from both sides of the river. Only the Dutch were allowed to settle in the area and on August 31, 1655, the territory was converted back to Fort Casimir. Consequently, Fort Christina fell on September 15th and New Netherland ruled once again. John Paul Jacquet was immediately appointed Governor, making New Amstel the capital of the Dutch-controlled colony.


As payment for regaining the territory, Dutch West India Company conveyed land from the south side of Christina Kill to Bombay Hook, and as far west as Minquas land. This land was known as the Colony of The City. On December 22, 1663, the Dutch transferred property rights to the territory along the Delaware River to England. In 1664, the Duke of York, James, was granted this land by King Charles II. One of the first acts by the Duke was to order removal of all Dutch from New Amsterdam; the name was then changed from New Amstel to New Castle. In 1672, the town of New Castle was incorporated and English law ordered. However, in 1673, the Dutch attacked the territory, reclaiming it for their own. Dutch West India Company (Dutch: West-Indische Compagnie or WIC) was a company of Dutch merchants. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Prix de Rome scholarship established for students of the arts. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... James II of England and VII of Scotland (14 October 1633–16 September 1701) became King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 6 February 1685. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Events The English Test Act was passed. ...


"In the local government of seventeenth century England, the justice of the peace was the key figure. Collectively, the justices composed the county court which governed the county......." In September 1673, a Dutch council established a court at New Castle with the boundaries defined as north of Steen Kill (present-day Stoney Creek) and south to Bomties Hook (renamed Bombay Hook). In 1681, a 12-mile arc was drawn to specifically delineate the northern border of New Castle County as it currently exists. In 1685, the western border was finally established by King James II; this was set as a line from Old Cape Henlopen (presently Fenwick) west to the middle of the peninsula and north up to the middle of the peninsula to the 40th parallel of Latitude. Events March 4 - Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. ... The Twelve-Mile Circle is a arc that makes up the majority of the north-south boundry between the states of Pennsylvania and Delaware in the United States. ... Fenwick Island is a town located in Sussex County, Delaware. ...

  • From A Brief History of New Castle County, Delaware (http://www.co.new-castle.de.us/Council/Countyhistory.htm)

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,278 km² (494 mi²). 1,104 km² (426 mi²) of it is land, and 174 km² (67 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 13.62% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 500,265 people, 188,935 households, and 127,153 families residing in the county. The population density is 453/km² (1,174/mi²). There are 199,521 housing units at an average density of 181/km² (468/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 73.12% White, 20.22% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 2.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.22% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 5.26% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 188,935 households out of which 32.50% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.60% are married couples living together, 13.40% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% are non-families. 25.70% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.50% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.56 and the average family size is 3.09. Marriage is a relationship and bond, most commonly between a man and a woman, that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the county the population is spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.80 males.


The median income for a household in the county is $52,419, and the median income for a family is $62,144. Males have a median income of $42,541 versus $31,829 for females. The per capita income for the county is $25,413. 8.40% of the population and 5.60% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.20% of those under the age of 18 and 7.40% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for an area may be defined as the total personal income in an area, divided by the number of people in that area. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Executive

The county is headed by a County Executive, who is elected to a maximum of two, four-year terms. The incumbent is Christopher A. Coons, a former County Council President. The Chief Administrative Officer is the County Executive's second-in-command, who is appointed by the County Executive and serves at his or her pleasure. The current CAO is David Singleton, a former Delaware Secretary of Finance.


Legislative

The county's legislative body is a thirteen-member County Council, consisting of twelve members elected by district and one President elected at large. Each County Council member is limited to two, four-year terms. In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ...


New Castle County Council doubled in size to thirteen from seven members in 2004.


The current President is Paul Clark (D). The current County Council members are:

  • District 1: Joe Reda (D)
  • District 2: Robert S. Weiner (R)
  • District 3: William J. Tansey (R)
  • District 4: Penrose Hollins (D)
  • District 5: Karen Venezky (D)
  • District 6: Patty W. Powell (D)
  • District 7: George Smiley (D)
  • District 8: John J. Cartier (D)
  • District 9: Timothy P. Sheldon (D)
  • District 10: Jea P. Street (D)
  • District 11: David L. Tackett (D)
  • District 12: Bill Bell (D)

Further information can be found at: http://www.newcastlecountycouncil.org


Judiciary

As with Delaware's other two counties, New Castle County has no judiciary of its own. All judicial functions, with the exception of Alderman's Courts, are managed and funded by the State of Delaware. State nickname: The First State Other U.S. States Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Governor Ruth Ann Minner Official languages None Area 6,452 km² (49th)  - Land 5,068 km²  - Water 1,387 km² (21. ...


In New Castle County, only the cities of Newport and Newark have Alderman's Courts. These Courts have jurisdiction over driving offenses, misdemeanor criminal charges, and minor civil claims.


Row offices

The County retains the concept of "row offices" from Pennsylvania, so-called because all of these county offices could be found in a row in smaller courthouses. In Delaware, these offices are Recorder of Deeds, Sheriff, Register of Wills, Clerk of the Peace, and Register in Chancery. Sheriff is both a political and a legal office held under English common law, Scots law or American common law, or the person who holds such office. ...


The office of Clerk of the Peace is unique among the 50 states; the office-holder's function is almost exclusively to perform marriages. The current incumbent is Kenneth W. Boulden, Jr. (D)


The Register of Chancery is the Clerk of the Court of Chancery. This office is scheduled to be taken over and funded by the State of Delaware in the near future. The incumbent is Dianne M. Kempski (D). One of the courts of equity in England and Wales. ...


The Sheriff has virtually no law-enforcement powers, but rather exists to serve legal process and levy and sell property in satisfaction of judgments. The current Sheriff is Michael P. Walsh (D). Sheriff is both a political and a legal office held under English common law, Scots law or American common law, or the person who holds such office. ... A judgment or judgement, in a legal context, is synonymous with the formal decision made by a court following legal proceedings. ...


The Recorder of Deeds is Michael Kozikowski (D). His office is responsible for receiving and recording deeds, mortgages and satisfactions thereof, assignments, commissions of judges, notaries, and military officers. The Recorder of Deeds' office is heavily computerized; electronic images of all recent documents and many others are available the office is in the process of imaging further back with the eventual goal of all documents in the office's possession being available electronically. Computerized indexing and searching is also available. [1] (http://www.ncc-deeds.com) A deed is a legal instrument used to grant a privilege. ... A mortgage (Law French for dead pledge) is a device used to create a lien on real estate by contract. ... A judge or justice is an appointed or elected official who presides over a court. ... An Embossed Notary Seal A notary public is an officer who can administer and give oaths, and perform certain other acts varying from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. ...


The Register of Wills is Diane C. Streett, Esquire. Her office receives and records wills and small-estate affidavits upon an individual's death, and issues letters of administration to estate executors. In the law, a will or testament is a documentary instrument by which a person (the testator) regulates the rights of others over the testators property or family after their death. ... An executor is a person named by a maker of a will to carry out the directions of the will. ...


Zoning and public works

New Castle County has a strong zoning code, known as the Unified Development Code, or UDC. The UDC was shepherded (some would say forced through) by the Gordon Administration in response to public perception of over- and misdevelopment in the county. New building projects must go through an arduous process of application and approval before construction is permitted to begin.


By operation of state law, New Castle County has no responsibility whatsoever for maintenance of roadways. Public roadways are maintained exclusively by the Delaware Department of Transportation, while roadways within neighborhoods and developments are, pursuant to County code, maintained by homeowner's or neighborhood associations. This page is related to transport; you may be looking for the 2002 Bollywood movie Road. ...


The Department of Special Services maintains essential infrastructure elements such as sewers, water mains, and the like. It also maintains County-owned parks and recreation departments.


Municipalities

Like the rest of the State of Delaware, New Castle County has relatively few incorporated areas. This stands in stark contrast to neighboring Pennsylvania and New Jersey, where townships, towns, and cities form a virtually continuous patchwork of municipalities. State nickname: The First State Other U.S. States Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Governor Ruth Ann Minner Official languages None Area 6,452 km² (49th)  - Land 5,068 km²  - Water 1,387 km² (21. ... State nickname: The QUENESE PERSON STATE Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... State nickname: The Garden State Other U.S. States Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Governor Richard Codey (acting) Official languages None defined Area 22,608 km² (47th)  - Land 19,231 km²  - Water 3,378 km² (14. ...


Most incorporated areas have home rule and are free to enact their own city and building codes, and set their own election dates. Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ...


Neighborhoods and developments

Delaware, and particularly New Castle County, may be unique in that one is often first asked what neighborhood they hail from before the name of their town or city. This is likely due in large part to the relative dearth of incorporated areas in the county. State nickname: The First State Other U.S. States Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Governor Ruth Ann Minner Official languages None Area 6,452 km² (49th)  - Land 5,068 km²  - Water 1,387 km² (21. ...


Neighborhoods and developments are prominently marked on state maps, and most have state-erected markers signifying their entrances. Significantly, Delaware driver's licenses list the licensee's neighborhood or development as well as the actual street address.


Incorporated cities and towns

Basic map of New Castle County, Delaware from the Delaware DataMIL (datamil. ... Arden is a village located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Ardencroft is a village located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Ardentown is a village located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Bellefonte is a town located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Clayton is a town located in Kent County, Delaware. ... Kent County is a county located in the central part of the state of Delaware. ... Delaware City is a city located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Elsmere is a town located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Middletown is a town located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... New Castle is a city located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Main Street is the commercial heart of Newark. ... Newport is a town located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Odessa is a town located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Smyrna is a town located in Kent County, Delaware and in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Kent County is a county located in the central part of the state of Delaware. ... Townsend is a town located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... City nickname: Location in the state of Delaware Founded County New Castle County Mayor James M. Baker (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 44. ...

Unincorporated communities and census-designated places

Bear is an unincorporated, suburban community and census_designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Brookside is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Claymont is a census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Edgemoor is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Glasgow is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Greenville is a census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Hockessin is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... North Star is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... Pike Creek is a census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ... For other places called Wilmington, see Wilmington Wilmington Manor is a census-designated place located in New Castle County, Delaware. ...

External links

  • New Castle County webpage (http://www.co.new-castle.de.us/)
  • Delaware Map Data (http://datamil.udel.edu/)
Regions of Delaware
Delaware Valley | Cape Region
Counties
Kent | New Castle | Sussex

  Results from FactBites:
 
New Castle County, Delaware - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1680 words)
New Castle County is the northernmost county of the three counties in the state of Delaware.
In the county the population is spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who are 65 years of age or older.
Delaware, and particularly New Castle County, may be unique in that one is often first asked what neighborhood they hail from before the name of their town or city.
BIGpedia - New Castle County, Delaware - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (1067 words)
New Castle County is the northern-most county of the three counties in the state of Delaware.
The Chief Administrative Officer is the County Executive's second-in-command, who is appointed by the County Executive and serves at his or her pleasure.
The County retains the concept of "row offices " from Pennsylvania, so-called because all of these county offices could be found in a row in smaller courthouses.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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