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Encyclopedia > New Caledonia
Nouvelle-Calédonie
New Caledonia
Flag of New Caledonia
Flag Emblem
AnthemLa Marseillaise
Capital
(and largest city)
Nouméa
Official languages French
Government Overseas territory of France
 -  President of France Nicolas Sarkozy
 -  President of the Government of New Caledonia Harold Martin
 -  High Commissioner Yves Dassonville
Overseas territory of France since 1853 
Area
 -  Total 18,575 km² (154th)
7,359 sq mi 
Population
 -  Jan. 1, 2007 estimate 240,400[1] (176th)
 -  Aug./Sept. 2004 census 230,789[2] 
 -  Density 13/km² (200th)
34/sq mi
GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate
 -  Total $6.813 billion[3] (not ranked)
 -  Per capita $28,568 [3] (not ranked)
HDI (2003) n/a (unranked) (n/a)
Currency CFP franc (XPF)
Time zone (UTC+11)
Internet TLD .nc
Calling code +687

New Caledonia[4] (French: Nouvelle-Calédonie; popular names: Kanaky, Le caillou), is a "sui generis collectivity" (in practice an overseas territory) of France, made up of a main island (Grande Terre), the Loyalty Islands, and several smaller islands. It is located in the region of Melanesia in the southwest Pacific. At about half the size of Taiwan, it has a land area of 18,575.5 square kilometres (7,172 sq mi). The population was 240,400 inhabitants as of January 2007 official estimates.[1] It has an Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of .nc. The capital and largest city of the territory is Nouméa. The currency is the CFP franc. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links NC_Armoires. ... The only flag in official use in New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France, is the French tricolour. ... The emblem of New Caledonia consists of a nautilus shell in the foreground; the symbol behind it is a flèche faitière, a kind of arrow which adorns the roofs of Kanak houses, thrust through tutut shells. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... This article is about the anthem La Marseillaise. A sculpture popularly called La Marseillaise is part of the sculptural program of the Arc de Triomphe. ... Image File history File links LocationNewCaledonia. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Population: 201,816 (July 2000 est. ... Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... Nicolas Sarkozy at Paris, May 2005. ... The contents of this page have yet fully to incorporate the effects of the Noumea Accord of 1998 Country name: conventional long form: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies conventional short form: New Caledonia local long form: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances local short form: Nouvelle-Caledonie Data code... Harold Martin (b. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Map of countries by population for the year 2007 This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... World map of GDP (Nominal and PPP). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... Map of countries by 2006 GDP (nominal) per capita (IMF, October 2007). ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... ISO 4217 Code XPF User(s) New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .nc is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for New Caledonia. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Sui generis is a (post) Latin expression, literally meaning a scholar like what pradeep is or unique in its characteristics. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper ( Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... The Loyalty Islands. ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... Pacific redirects here. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... “TLD” redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .nc is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for New Caledonia. ... Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... ISO 4217 Code XPF User(s) New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna Inflation 2. ...


Since 1986 the United Nations Committee on Decolonization has included New Caledonia on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. New Caledonia will decide whether to remain within the French Republic or become an independent state in a referendum sometime after 2014. UN redirects here. ... Colonialism in 1945 Decolonization refers to the undoing of colonialism, the establishment of governance or authority through the creation of settlements by another country or jurisdiction. ... Map of the countries in the UN list:  current  former The United Nations maintains a list of territories that do not govern themselves. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural referendums or referenda), ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


Its capital Nouméa is the seat of the regional organization the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (formerly the South Pacific Commission). Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ... For the political science journal, see International Organization. ... Flag of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community The Secretariat of the Pacific Community or SPC is a regional intergovernmental organisation whose membership includes both nations and territories. ...

Contents

Origin of the name

The name Caledonia derives from the Latin name of an area corresponding to modern Scotland. The name Kanaky is also in common usage in French, English and the indigenous languages. This name is favored by Melanesian nationalists. The word comes from kanaka, a Hawai`ian word (elsewhere tangata and variants) meaning "human/person/people", used by Polynesians to refer to themselves. The word was later used by the French about all the indigenous inhabitants of the South Pacific Ocean, including the Melanesian (non-Polynesian) native inhabitants of New Caledonia. The word, turned into Canaque in French, became derogatory. In the 1960s and 1970s, when the Melanesian native inhabitants started to organize themselves into political parties and call for independence, the word was transformed into a symbol of political emancipation and pride. In 1983, during the period of political turmoil, the terms Kanak and Kanaky became political brand names and colonial whites (Caldoches) realized the name had changed into a political statement. Caledonia is the Latin name given by the Roman Empire to a northern area of the island of Great Britain. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... The Polynesian languages are a language family spoken in the region known as Polynesia. ... Polynesian is an adjectival form which refers variously to: Polynesian pie Polynesian sauce, a food condiment available at Chick-fil-A the aboriginal inhabitants of Polynesia, and their: Polynesian culture Polynesian mythology Polynesian languages Category: ... Caldoche is the name given to European inhabitants of the French territory of New Caledonia. ...


History

The western Pacific was first populated about 50,000 years ago. The Austronesians moved into the area later. The diverse group of people that settled over the Melanesian archipelagos are known as the Lapita. They arrived in the archipelago now commonly known as New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands around 1500 BC. The Lapita were highly skilled navigators and agriculturists with influence over a large area of the Pacific. For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... Melanesia (from Greek black islands) is a region extending from the west Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and north-east of Australia. ... The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ... Lapita is the common name of an ancient Pacific Ocean culture which is believed by some to be the common ancestor of several cultures in Polynesia and surrounding areas. ... The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ... The Loyalty Islands. ... Lapita is the common name of an ancient Pacific Ocean culture which is believed by some to be the common ancestor of several cultures in Polynesia and surrounding areas. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ...


From about the 11th century Polynesians also arrived and mixed with the populations of the archipelago.


Europeans first sighted New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands in the late 18th century. The British explorer James Cook sighted Grande Terre in 1774 and named it New Caledonia, Caledonia being the Latin name for Scotland. During the same voyage he also named the islands to the north of New Caledonia the New Hebrides (now Vanuatu), after the islands north of Scotland. This article is about the British explorer. ... Guadeloupe consists of two islands separated by a salt river and whose combined shape resembles a butterfly. ... The New Hebrides are an island group in the South Pacific that now form the nation of Vanuatu. ...


Whalers operated off New Caledonia during the 19th century. Sandalwood traders were welcome but as supplies diminished, the traders became abusive. The Europeans brought new diseases such as smallpox, measles, dysentery, influenza, syphilis and leprosy. Many people died as a result of these diseases. Tensions developed into hostilities and in 1849 the crew of the Cutter were killed and eaten by the Pouma clan. The branches of a young sandalwood tree found in Hawaii Sandalwood is the fragrant wood of trees in the genus Santalum. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a contagious disease unique to humans. ... Dysentery (formerly known as flux or the bloody flux) is frequent, small-volume, severe diarrhea that shows blood in the feces along with intestinal cramping and tenesmus (painful straining to pass stool). ... Flu redirects here. ... Syphilis is a curable sexually transmitted disease caused by the Treponema pallidum spirochete. ... For the malady found in the Hebrew Bible, see the article Tzaraath. ...

As trade in sandalwood declined it was replaced by a new form of trade, Blackbirding. Blackbirding was a euphemism for enslaving people from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands to work in sugar cane plantations in Fiji and Queensland. The trade ceased at the start of the 20th century. The victims of this trade were called Kanakas, a label later shortened to Kanak and adopted by the indigenous population after French annexation. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 615 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Fontaine Céleste on the Place des Cocotiers in Nouméa, New Caledonia File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as... The branches of a young sandalwood tree found in Hawaii Sandalwood is the fragrant wood of trees in the genus Santalum. ... Blackbirding refers to the recruitment of people through trickery and kidnappings to work on plantations, particularly the sugar cane plantations of Queensland (Australia) and Fiji[1] , as well as in the early days of the pearling industry in Broome. ... Blackbirding refers to the recruitment of people through trickery and kidnappings to work on plantations, particularly the sugar cane plantations of Queensland (Australia) and Fiji[1] , as well as in the early days of the pearling industry in Broome. ... The Loyalty Islands. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd...


The island was made a French possession in late 1853 in an attempt by Napoleon III to rival the British colonies in Australia and New Zealand. Following the example set by the British in nearby Australia, between 1864 and 1922 France sent a total of 22,000 convicted felons to penal colonies along the south-west coast of the island; this number includes regular criminals as well as political prisoners such as Parisian socialists and Kabyle nationalists. Towards the end of the penal colony era, free European settlers (including former convicts) and Asian contract workers by far out-numbered the population of forced workers. The indigenous Kanak populations declined drastically in that same period due to introduced diseases and an apartheid-like system called Code de l'Indigénat which imposed severe restrictions on their livelihood, freedom of movement and land ownership. Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... A penal colony is a colony used to house prisoners. ... This article focuses on the geographical area of Kabylie and its people. ... Settlers are people who have travelled of their own choice, from the land of their birth to live in new lands or colonies. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Forced Labor: The construction of the Guinée railway by African sujets of French West Africa, c. ...


During World War II, US and Allies forces built a major position in New Caledonia to combat the advance of Japan in South-East Asia and toward Australia. Noumea served as a headquarters for the United States military in the Pacific. The proximity of the territory with the South Pacific operations permitted also quick repairs in Noumea of damaged US ships. The American 23rd Infantry Division is still unofficially named Americal, the name being a contraction of "America" and "New Caledonia". Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... The ensign of Imperial Japanese Navy was a prominent symbol of Imperial Japan. ... The Americal Division of the United States Army was formed in May 1942 on the island of New Caledonia. ...


The U.S. military headquarters - a pentagonal complex - was, after the war, taken over as the base for a new regional intergovernmental development organisation: the South Pacific Commission, later known as the Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Flag of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community The Secretariat of the Pacific Community or SPC is a regional intergovernmental organisation whose membership includes both nations and territories. ...

Hienghène
Hienghène

New Caledonia has been on a United Nations list of non-self-governing territories since 1986. Agitation by the Front de Libération Nationale Kanak Socialiste (FLNKS) for independence began in 1985. The FLNKS (led by the late Jean-Marie Tjibaou, assassinated in 1989) advocated the creation of an independent state of 'Kanaky'. The troubles culminated in 1988 with a bloody hostage taking in Ouvéa. The unrest led to agreement on increased autonomy in the Matignon Accords of 1988 and the Nouméa Accord of 1998. This Accord describes the devolution process as "irreversible" and also provides for a local Caledonian citizenship, separate official symbols of Caledonian identity (such as a "national" flag), as well as mandating a referendum on the contentious issue of independence from the French Republic sometime after 2014. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 1200 pixel, file size: 168 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Nouvelle-Calédonie - Hienghène - le rocher dit La Poule photo personnelle libre de droits - personal picture free license File historyClick on a date/time... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 1200 pixel, file size: 168 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Nouvelle-Calédonie - Hienghène - le rocher dit La Poule photo personnelle libre de droits - personal picture free license File historyClick on a date/time... Hienghène is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Map of the countries in the UN list:  current  former The United Nations maintains a list of territories that do not govern themselves. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The National Union for Independence-Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front (French: Union Nationale pour lIndépendance - Front de Libération Nationale Kanak et Socialiste) is a militant socialist pro-independence political party in New Caledonia. ... Jean-Marie Tjibaou (1936 – 1989) was involved in politics in New Caledonia. ... From April 22, 1988 to May 5, 1988, independence fighters took 27 French gendarmes as hostages in the island of Ouvéa, New Caledonia, requesting instant independence of New Caledonia from France. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Politics of New Caledonia. ... Look up Devolution in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Flag of the Fédération internationale des associations vexillologiques. ...


Politics

Flag of the independence movements
Flag of the independence movements

The unique status of New Caledonia is in between that of an independent country and a normal Overseas department of France. The contents of this page have yet fully to incorporate the effects of the Noumea Accord of 1998 Country name: conventional long form: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies conventional short form: New Caledonia local long form: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances local short form: Nouvelle-Caledonie Data code... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Caledonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Caledonia. ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ...


On the one hand, both a Territorial Congress (Congress of New Caledonia) and government have been established, and are increasingly empowered via the gradual implementation of a devolution of powers from France in favour of New Caledonia, pursuant to the 1998 Nouméa Accord. Key areas (e.g. taxation, labour law, health and hygiene, foreign trade, and others) are already in the hands of the Territorial Congress and government. Further authority will be given to the Territorial Congress in the near future. Ultimately, the French Republic should only remain in charge of foreign affairs, justice, defense, public order, and treasury. An additional enhancement to New Caledonian autonomy has come in the form of recently-introduced territorial "citizenship": Only New Caledonian "citizens" have the right to vote in local elections. The introduction of this right has been criticised, because it creates a second-class status for French citizens living in New Caledonia who do not possess New Caledonian "citizenship" (because they settled in the territory recently). Further signs of increased autonomy for the territory, include New Caledonia's right to engage in international cooperation with independent countries of the Pacific Ocean region, the continued use of a local currency (the French Pacific Franc, or CFP) rather than the Euro, as well as the authority of the Territorial Congress to pass statutes overriding French law in a certain number of areas. The Congress of New Caledonia (French: ), a territorial congress (congrès territorial or congrès du territoire), is the legislature of New Caledonia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Politics of New Caledonia. ... ISO 4217 Code XPF User(s) New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna Inflation 2. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... In academic terms, French law can be divided into two areas: private law (droit privé) and public law (droit public). Private law includes, in particular, civil law (droit civil) and criminal law (droit pénal). Public law includes, in particular, administrative law (droit administratif) and constitutional law (droit constitutionnel). However...


On the other hand, New Caledonia remains a part of the French Republic. The inhabitants of New Caledonia are French citizens and carry French passports. They take part in the legislative and presidential French elections, sending two representatives to the French National Assembly and one senator to the French Senate. At the 2007 French presidential election the voter turnout in New Caledonia was 68.14%.[5] The representative of the French central state in New Caledonia is the High Commissioner of the Republic (Haut-Commissaire de la République, locally known as "haussaire"), who is the head of civil services, and who sits as an integral part of the territorial government. The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... The Senate amphitheater in the Luxembourg Palace The Senate (in French :le Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ... The 2007 French presidential election, the ninth of the Fifth French Republic was held to elect the successor to Jacques Chirac as president of France for a five-year term. ... Voters lining up outside a Baghdad polling station during the 2005 Iraqi election. ... High Commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment. ...


The Nouméa Accord provides a mechanism for the determination of the ultimate status and degree of New Caledonian territorial autonomy: Pursuant to the Accord, the Territorial Congress will have the right to call for a referendum on independence, at any time of its choosing after 2014. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Politics of New Caledonia. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural referendums or referenda), ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


The current president of the government elected by the territorial Congress is Harold Martin, from the loyalist (i.e. anti-independence) "Future Together" party (l'Avenir Ensemble), which toppled the long-time ruling RPCR (Rally for Caledonia in the Republic) in May 2004. "Future Together" is a party of mostly White and Polynesian New Caledonians opposed to independence, but rebelling against the hegemonistic and (allegedly) corrupt anti-independence RPCR, led by the now-discredited Jacques Lafleur. Their toppling of the RPCR (that was until then seen as the only voice of New Caledonian Whites) was a surprise to many, and a sign that New Caledonian society is undergoing changes. "Future Together," as the name implies, is opposed to a racial-oriented vision of New Caledonian political life, one based purely on the political primacy of either the Melanesian native inhabitants or the descendants of European settlers. Rather, it is in favour of a multicultural New Caledonia, of governing principles that better reflect the reality of the existence of large populations of Polynesians, Indonesians, Chinese, and other immigrant communities that make up the territory's population. Some members of "Future Together" are even in favour of independence, though not necessarily on the same basis as the Melanesian independence parties. The EFI Wizard Harold Martin Harold Martin is an American drag racer in the IHRA series. ... The Future Together (Avénir ensemble) is a political party in New Caledonia, supporting the maintenance of the relations with France. ... The Rally for Caledonia in the Republic (Rassemblement pour une Calédonie dans la République) is a political party in New Caledonia, strongly supportive of the French status of New Caledonia. ... Jacques Lafleur (20 November 1932 - ) is a French politician born in New Caledonia. ...


Representation at the national level

New Caledonia sends two deputies to the French National Assembly, one representing the commune (municipality) of Nouméa, the commune of L'Île-des-Pins and the Loyalty Islands Province, and the other representing the rest of New Caledonia. New Caledonia also sends one senator to the French Senate. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: ) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... LÃŽle-des-Pins is a commune in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. ... The Loyalty Islands. ... The Senate (in French : le Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ...


Geography

New Caledonia map from CIA World Factbook
New Caledonia map from CIA World Factbook
Île des Pins
Île des Pins
La Baie des Tortues
La Baie des Tortues

New Caledonia is located around 21°30′S, 165°30′E in the southwest Pacific Ocean, approximately 1,200 kilometres (746 mi) east of Australia and 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) northwest of New Zealand. The island nation of Vanuatu lies to the northeast. Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia Geographic coordinates: 21°30′ S 165°30′ E Map references: Oceania Area:x total: 19,060 sq km land: 18,575 sq km (7,172 sq. ... New Caledonia, from the CIA fact book. ... New Caledonia, from the CIA fact book. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,800 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 305 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Nouvelle-Calédonie - Nouméa - Ile des Pins - la baie dUpi photo personnelle libre de droits - personal picture free license File historyClick... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,800 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 305 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Nouvelle-Calédonie - Nouméa - Ile des Pins - la baie dUpi photo personnelle libre de droits - personal picture free license File historyClick... The Isle of Pines or Kunie is a small island belonging to the French territory of New Caledonia, measuring 14km by 8km. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 642 KB) Baie des Tortues (Turtles bay) near La roche percée (The pierced rock) at Bourail in New Caledonia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 642 KB) Baie des Tortues (Turtles bay) near La roche percée (The pierced rock) at Bourail in New Caledonia. ...


New Caledonia is made up of a main island, the Grande Terre, and several smaller islands, the Belep archipelago to the north of the Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands to the east of the Grande Terre, the Île des Pins to the south of the Grande Terre, the Chesterfield Islands and Bellona Reefs further to the west. Belep Islands are a group of islands and a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... The Loyalty Islands. ... The Isle of Pines or Kunie is a small island belonging to the French territory of New Caledonia, measuring 14km by 8km. ... Chesterfield Islands from space Chesterfield Islands (îles Chesterfield in french) is an archipelago of New Caledonia located in the Coral Sea, 550 km North East of Grande Terre the main island of New Caledonia. ...


The Grande Terre is by far the largest of the islands, and the only mountainous island. It has an area of 16,372 square kilometres (6,321 sq mi), and is elongated northwest-southeast, 350 kilometres (217 mi) in length and 50 to 70 kilometres (31–44 mi) wide. A mountain range runs the length of the island, with five peaks over 1,500 meters (4,900 ft). The highest point is Mont Panié at 1,628 meters (5,341 ft) elevation. The total area of New Caledonia is 19,060 square kilometers (7,359 sq mi), 18,575 square kilometers (7,172 sq mi) of those being land. Mont Panié is the highest peak of New Caledonia with 1,628 meters. ...

Topographic map of New Caledonia
Topographic map of New Caledonia
Piroque Île des Pins
Piroque Île des Pins

New Caledonia is one of the northernmost parts of a (93%) submerged continent called Zealandia. It sank after rifting away from Australia 60–85 million years ago (mya) and from Antarctica between 130 and 85 mya. New Caledonia itself is separated from Australia since 65 mya, and subsequently drifted in a north-easterly direction, reaching its present position about 50 mya.[6] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 781 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,399 × 1,842 pixels, file size: 759 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 781 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,399 × 1,842 pixels, file size: 759 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 270 KB) free license picture - photo personnelle libre de droits Pirogue traditionnelle de lÃŽle des Pins près de Nouméa en Nouvelle-Calédonie File links The following pages link to this file: Sailing ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 270 KB) free license picture - photo personnelle libre de droits Pirogue traditionnelle de lÃŽle des Pins près de Nouméa en Nouvelle-Calédonie File links The following pages link to this file: Sailing ... The Isle of Pines or Kunie is a small island belonging to the French territory of New Caledonia, measuring 14km by 8km. ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... Topography of Zealandia. ... In geology, a rift is a place where the Earths lithosphere is expanding. ...


Subdivisions

Along with other Pacific Ocean territories of French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna, New Caledonia is part of the French Republic. Its official status, unique in the French Republic, is said to be sui generis, because New Caledonia is the only French subdivision that is not a collectivité territoriale. New Caledonia was a colony until 1946, then an overseas territory (territoire d'outre-mer, or TOM) from 1946 to 1999. The capital is Nouméa, the only major conurbation in the territory. New Caledonia is divided into three provinces: Islands Province (Province des ÃŽles = Loyalty Islands), North Province (Province Nord = the northern mainland) and South Province (Province Sud = the southern mainland). ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Sui generis is a (post) Latin expression, literally meaning a scholar like what pradeep is or unique in its characteristics. ... // Metropolitan France As of January 1, 2004, metropolitan France is divided into: 22 régions (although strictly speaking Corsica is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common speech) the régions are divided into 96 départements the... -1... A Territoire doutre-mer (TOM, French for Overseas territory) is an administrative division of France. ... Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ...


Administratively, the archipelago is divided into three provinces: Subnational entities redirects here. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ...

  • South Province (province Sud). Provincial capital: Nouméa. Population: 164,113 inhabitants (2004).
  • North Province (province Nord). Provincial capital: Koné. Population: 44,596 inhabitants (2004).
  • Loyalty Islands Province (province des îles Loyauté). Provincial capital: Lifou. Population: 22,080 inhabitants (2004).
Baie de Saint-Joseph à l'Île des Pins
Baie de Saint-Joseph à l'Île des Pins
Ouvéa atoll
Ouvéa atoll

It is further subdivided into thirty-three communes. One commune, Poya, is divided between two provinces. The northern half of Poya, with the main settlement and most of the population, is part of the North Province, while the southern half of the commune, with only 122 inhabitants in 2004, is part of the South Province. The South Province (French Province Sud) is one of three administrative subdivisions in New Caledonia. ... Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... The North Province (French Province Nord) is one of three administrative subdivisions in New Caledonia. ... Koné is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... The Loyalty Islands. ... Lifou from space, November 1990 Lifou is the largest and most important island of the Loyalty Islands. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,800 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 516 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Nouvelle-Calédonie - Nouméa - Ile des Pins - Saint-Joseph photo personnelle libre de droits - personal picture free license File historyClick on a... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,800 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 516 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Nouvelle-Calédonie - Nouméa - Ile des Pins - Saint-Joseph photo personnelle libre de droits - personal picture free license File historyClick on a... The Isle of Pines or Kunie is a small island belonging to the French territory of New Caledonia, measuring 14km by 8km. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,800 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 279 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) La plage de Mouli à Ouvéa (Nouvelle-Calédonie) photo personnelle libre de droits personal picture free license File historyClick on a date... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,800 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 279 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) La plage de Mouli à Ouvéa (Nouvelle-Calédonie) photo personnelle libre de droits personal picture free license File historyClick on a date... Ouvéa from space, November 1990 Ouvea may refer to: Ouvéa, an island in the Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Poya is a municipality in New Caledonia that lies partly in both the South and the North Province. ...


Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

South Province North Province Loyalty Islands Province
  1. Thio
  2. Yaté
  3. L'Île-des-Pins
  4. Le Mont-Dore
  5. Nouméa
  6. Dumbéa
  7. Païta
  8. Bouloupari
  9. La Foa
  10. Sarraméa
  11. Farino
  12. Moindou
  13. Bourail
  14. Poya (south part)
  1. Poya (north part)
  2. Pouembout
  3. Koné
  4. Voh
  5. Kaala-Gomen
  6. Koumac
  7. Poum
  8. Belep
  9. Ouégoa
  10. Pouébo
  11. Hienghène
  12. Touho
  13. Poindimié
  14. Ponérihouen
  15. Houaïlou
  16. Kouaoua
  17. Canala
  1. Ouvéa
  2. Lifou
  3. Maré

There are also three administrative subdivisions, simply known as subdivisions in French, with exactly the same names and same boundaries as the three provinces, except that the commune of Poya is entirely contained inside the North Subdivision. Contrary to the provinces, which are full political divisions with provincial assemblies and executives, the administrative subdivisions are merely deconcentrated divisions of the French central state, akin to the arrondissements of metropolitan France, with a Deputy Commissioner of the Republic (commissaire délégué de la République), akin to a subprefect of metropolitan France, in residence in each subdivision's chief town. The South Province (French Province Sud) is one of three administrative subdivisions in New Caledonia. ... The North Province (French Province Nord) is one of three administrative subdivisions in New Caledonia. ... The Loyalty Islands. ... Thio is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Yaté is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... LÃŽle-des-Pins is a commune in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. ... Le Mont-Dore is a commune in the suburbs of Nouméa in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. ... Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... Dumbéa is a municipality in Greater Nouméa in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Païta is a municipality in Greater Nouméa in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Bouloupari (locally spelled Boulouparis, but this spelling is not recognized by French authorities) is a commune in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. ... La Foa is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Sarraméa is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Farino is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Moindou is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Bourail is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Poya is a municipality in New Caledonia that lies partly in both the South and the North Province. ... Poya is a municipality in New Caledonia that lies partly in both the South and the North Province. ... Pouembout is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Koné is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Voh is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Kaala-Gomen is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Koumac is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... The Workers Party of Marxist Unification (POUM, Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista) was a Spanish political party around the time of the Spanish Civil War. ... Belep Islands are a group of islands and a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Ouégoa is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Pouébo is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Hienghène is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Touho is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Poindimié is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Ponérihouen is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Houaïlou is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Kouaoua is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Canala is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Ouvéa from space, November 1990 Ouvea may refer to: Ouvéa, an island in the Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia. ... Lifou from space, November 1990 Lifou is the largest and most important island of the Loyalty Islands. ... Maré is one of the three main islands in the Loyalty Islands and a municipality in the Islands Province of New Caledonia. ... Decentralization is the process of dispersing decision-making closer to the point of service or action. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... Metropolitan France Metropolitan France (French: or la Métropole) is the part of France located in Europe, including Corsica (French: Corse). ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ...


The subdivision chief towns are the same as the provincial capitals except in the South Subdivision where the chief town is La Foa, whereas the capital of the South Province is Nouméa. Thus, although the provincial assembly of the South Province sits in Nouméa, the South Subdivision's Deputy Commissioner of the Republic is in residence in La Foa. This was decided in order to counterbalance the overwhelming weight of Nouméa in New Caledonia. La Foa is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ...


In addition, a parallel layer of administration exists for Kanak tribal affairs; these are called aires coutumières ("traditional spheres") and are eight in number (see map of the "aires coutumières"). Their jurisdiction does not encompass non-Kanaks living within these zones. The aires coutumières more or less correspond to the indigenous language areas of pre-French tribal alliances.


Climate

New Caledonia from space
New Caledonia from space

New Caledonia lies astride the Tropic of Capricorn, between 19° and 23° south latitude. The climate of the islands is tropical, and rainfall is highly seasonal, brought by trade winds that usually come from the east. Rainfall averages about 1,500 millimetres (59 in) yearly on the Loyalty Islands, 2,000 millimetres (79 in) at low elevations on eastern the Grande Terre, and 2,000-4,000 millimetres (79–157.5 in) at high elevations on the Grande Terre. The western side of the Grande Terre lies in the rain shadow of the central mountains, and rainfall averages 1,200 millimetres (47 in) per year. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (734x870, 179 KB) Summary SeaWiFS captured this view of New Caledonia with neighboring Vanuatu hidden just beneath the clouds to the northeast. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (734x870, 179 KB) Summary SeaWiFS captured this view of New Caledonia with neighboring Vanuatu hidden just beneath the clouds to the northeast. ... World map showing the Tropic of Capricorn For the novel by Henry Miller, see Tropic of Capricorn (novel). ... The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ... For the Australian television series see Rain Shadow (TV series). ...


Ecology

"Baie des Tortues" (Turtle Bay) near "La roche percée" (Pierced Rock) at Bourail in New Caledonia
"Baie des Tortues" (Turtle Bay) near "La roche percée" (Pierced Rock) at Bourail in New Caledonia

New Caledonia is considered one of the world's most botanically-important, and critically endangered hotspots. Unlike many of the Pacific Islands, which are of relatively recent volcanic origin, New Caledonia is an ancient fragment of the Gondwana super-continent. New Caledonia and New Zealand separated from Australia 85 million years ago[citation needed], and from one another 55 million years ago[citation needed]. This isolated New Caledonia from the rest of the world's landmasses, and made it a Noah's Ark of sorts, preserving a snapshot of prehistoric Gondwanan forests. The country still shelters an extraordinary diversity of unique, endemic, and extremely primitive plants and animals of Gondwanan origin. For more information on the significance of this country's flora and fauna, as well as the dangers it faces, and its effects on national social, economic, and political life, see Biodiversity of New Caledonia and Endemic Birds of New Caledonia. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 642 KB) Baie des Tortues (Turtles bay) near La roche percée (The pierced rock) at Bourail in New Caledonia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 642 KB) Baie des Tortues (Turtles bay) near La roche percée (The pierced rock) at Bourail in New Caledonia. ... For other uses of Gondwana and Gondwanaland, see Gondwana (disambiguation). ... This article is about the vessel described in the Hebrew scriptures. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... The Biodiversity of New Caledonia, a large Pacific island group, is considered to be one of the most important in the region. ... This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the Worlds various zoogeographic zones. ...


Although the majority of the country's citizens are unaware of the extraordinary nature of their country's biological patrimony, a few of the country's animals and plants have become somewhat emblematic in local culture. Among the best known is a hen-sized, flightless bird, commonly-known as the Cagou or Kagu, which has a large crest and an odd barking call. Its song and image are frequently seen as nationally-recognized icons. Another commonly used cultural emblem is the Columnar or Cook's Pine (Araucaria columnaris), an important symbol in Kanak culture. The Niaouli tree (also native to Australia and New Guinea), is of medicinal interest, locally and abroad. Its sap (which contains Gomenol, a camphor-smelling compound), is used to treat head colds, and as an antiseptic. It also shows potential to treat other medical ailments. Before the Europeans arrived, there was no mammal other than the Roussette (aka flying fox), a large vegetarian bat, considered a local delicacy. Less well-known by the native population is the fact their country is home to a species of plant, (Amborella trichopoda), believed to be genetically close to the ancestor of all flowering plants, or the fact their nation boasts the largest number and diversity of conifer species in the world, per unit of geographic area (a remarkable fact, given that conifers are usually relatively rare in tropical regions). Binomial name Verreaux & DesMurs, 1860 The Kagu or Cagou (Rhynochetos jubatus) is a long-legged blue-greyish bird, the only member of the family Rhynochetidae. ... Cultural flag of the Kanak community, showing a flèche faîtière (a spear-like wooden totem monument placed atop Kanak traditional dwellings). ... See also the band, Fruit Bats. ... Binomial name Amborella trichopoda Baill. ...

Typical terrain in the south of the islands at Grand Terre
Typical terrain in the south of the islands at Grand Terre
Official emblem (Nautilus)
Official emblem (Nautilus)

The islands contain two precipitation zones: Higher-rainfall areas (located on the Loyalty Islands, Isle of Pines (Île des Pins), and on the eastern side of Grande Terre) which support New Caledonia rain forests, and a more arid region, home to the now exceedingly-endangered New Caledonia dry forests, located in the rain shadow on the western side of Grande Terre. Europeans settled on the dry west coast of Grande Terre, leaving the east (as well as the Loyalty Islands and the Isle of Pines) to the Kanaks, and resulting in an ethno-cultural division which coincides with the natural one. Extensive farming by Europeans in the dry forest areas, has caused these forest ecosystems to virtually disappear. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 522 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,044 pixels, file size: 533 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A typical landscape from the South of New Caledonia. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 522 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,044 pixels, file size: 533 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A typical landscape from the South of New Caledonia. ... Image File history File links NC_Armoires. ... Image File history File links NC_Armoires. ... An emblem consists of a pictorial image, abstract or representational, that epitomizes a concept - often a concept of a moral truth or an allegory. ... Genera Allonautilus Nautilus Nautilus (from Greek ναυτίλος, sailor) is the common name of any marine creatures of the cephalopod family Nautilidae, the sole family of the suborder Nautilina. ... The New Caledonia rain forests are a terrestrial ecoregion, located in New Caledonia in the South Pacific. ...


It is a vast oversimplification, however, to merely describe New Caledonia's extremely important, complex and diverse ecology in terms of precipitation zones. Species and ecological diversity is further complicated by soil type (degree and type of mineralization), altitude, and geographic location (for instance, Loyalty Islands and Isle of Pines have flora that is distinct from Grande Terre).


In addition to the remarkable terrestrial environment of New Caledonia, the country is also home to important aquatic ecosystems. Its freshwater ecology also evolved in long isolation, and the New Caledonia rivers and streams are home to many endemic species. Moreover, the New Caledonia Barrier Reef, which surrounds Grande Terre and the Isle of Pines (Île des Pins), is the second-largest coral reef in the world after Australia's Great Barrier Reef, reaching a length of 1,500 kilometres (930 mi). Like its terrestrial counterpart, the Caledonian reef system has great species diversity, is home to endangered dugongs (Dugong dugong), and is an important nesting site for the Green Sea Turtle (Chelonia mydas). The Nautilus is a living-fossil species, once common during the age of the dinosaurs, and survives today in the waters surrounding New Caledonia. The New Caledonia Barrier Reef is located in New Caledonia in the South Pacific, and is the second-longest coral reef in the world, after Australias Great Barrier Reef. ... Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef, in this case the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. ... The Great Barrier Reef is the worlds largest coral reef system,[1][2] composed of over 2,900 individual reefs[3] and 900 islands stretching for 2,600 kilometres (1,616 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (132,974 sq mi). ... Binomial name (Müller, 1776) Natural range of . ... Binomial name Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758) This page redirects from Chelonia, which is the genus name of this turtle, but has also been used for the order Testudines of all turtles and tortoises. ... Genera Allonautilus Nautilus Nautilus (from Greek ναυτίλος, sailor) is the common name of any marine creatures of the cephalopod family Nautilidae, the sole family of the suborder Nautilina. ...


Ecology and politics

The endemic Kagu bird
The endemic Kagu bird

Aside from the challenges posed by charting a course for the territory's racial and political life, the current government faces an additional, extraordinary challenge in balancing the needs of the territory's mining-based economy, with the protection of its globally-recognized, ecological-important wild areas (see Ecology, below, as well as Biodiversity of New Caledonia and Endemic Birds of New Caledonia). The territory is essentially one of the most evolutionarily isolated areas in the world, and its natural environment is comparable in many ways to a real-life Jurassic Park, especially with regards to its native plant life and its barrier reef, the second largest in the world. Although, no animal dinosaurs obviously exist today, New Caledonia's flora (and, in a few cases, fauna) is extraordinarily primitive, substantially unchanged from the days of the dinosaurs, and can be found virtually nowhere else on earth outside of its small land mass. Safeguarding and preserving such a critical biological resource is an important national responsibility --- one which, to date, has taken a distant back seat to the rapid and destructive exploitation of the nation's many and substantial mineral resources (nickel, and other metals). It is those very mineral resources which permit New Caledonia to have a fairly prosperous economy today, and which have made the elite and influential classes in New Caledonia quite wealthy. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 570 pixelsFull resolution (1132 × 807 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 570 pixelsFull resolution (1132 × 807 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Verreaux & DesMurs, 1860 The Kagu or Cagou (Rhynochetos jubatus) is a long-legged blue-greyish bird, the only member of the family Rhynochetidae. ... The Biodiversity of New Caledonia, a large Pacific island group, is considered to be one of the most important in the region. ... This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the Worlds various zoogeographic zones. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ...


As recently as the late 1990s and the early part of the new millennium, the RPCR under Jacques Lafleur (whose family was among those benefiting from exploitation of the territory's mineral wealth) ruthlessly (and often violently) suppressed efforts by incipient, grass-roots environmental organizers like Bruno Van Peteghem. Although such efforts merely sought to implement and observe reasonable environmental norms (transparency in legal proceedings, implementation of required environmental studies prior to destructive human activities, and unbreakable protection of the most critical of biological preserves), Bruno Van Peteghem experienced threats, the firebombing of his home, and eventually, employment-based pressure that led to his exile from New Caledonia. His allies faced similar experiences. Jacques Lafleur (20 November 1932 - ) is a French politician born in New Caledonia. ...

The plight of New Caledonia's environmental patrimony gradually became known to the world at large, partly because Van Peteghem was made a recipient of the prestigious Goldman Environmental Prize for his efforts and sacrifice on behalf of Caledonian ecological protection. In the face of mounting international public awareness, the government slowly implemented some modifications to its near-nonexistent ecological-protection policies. For example, funds were spent on the restoration and upgrading of facilities of a few, high-profile ecologically-important sites, like the famed Madeleine Waterfalls Preserve (Chutes de la Madeleine). Although this prevented the kinds of abuses by the general public that had previously threatened the site (e.g. wood-cutting, fire, garbage, graffiti, etc.), it ultimately does little to give iron-clad protection from mining or industrial exploitation, should such exploitation be proposed for preserves like the Madeleine Waterfalls Preserve. This very fate befell the ecologically-significant area which was completely razed to implement the nearby INCO nickel mine. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 522 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,934 × 1,914 pixels, file size: 1. ... The Goldman Environmental Prize is a prize given annually to grassroots environmental activists from six geographic areas: Africa, Asia, Europe, Islands and Island Nations, North America, and South and Central America. ...


Today, despite continued slow progress in a few areas (e.g. judicial revocation of the INCO mining license in June of 2006 due to numerous abuses), the government still moves slowly, if at all, to address grave threats to New Caledonia's ecological diversity from fire, industrial and residential development, and unrestricted agricultural activity, as well as mining. Every year, more of New Caledonia's natural environment is destroyed or degraded all over its small landmass, due to governmental inaction and willful lack of funding for protective resources. Compounding the problem, is the fact that local environmental-protection agencies, charged with intelligent oversight of natural resources, have implemented a few well-intentioned, but ultimately counterproductive measures whose ultimate effect is to undercut the preservation of natural genetic diversity of the territory's flora and fauna.


Economy

New Caledonian soils contain a considerable wealth of industrially-critical elements and minerals, including about one-quarter of the world's nickel resources. Mining is therefore a significant industry that greatly benefits the territory's economy. However, the country is also home to numerous, critically-important ancient ecosystems. Thus, widely-practiced and indiscriminate open-pit mining across much of New Caledonia is claimed to be responsible for deterioration of the territory's natural heritage. For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... El Chino, located near Silver City, New Mexico, is an open-pit copper mine Open-pit mining, or opencast mining, refers to a method of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. ...


The GDP of New Caledonia in 2006 was 6.8 billion US dollars at market exchange rates, the fourth-largest economy in Oceania after Australia, New Zealand, and Hawaii.[3] The GDP per capita was 28,568 US dollars in 2006 (at market exchange rates, not at PPP), lower than in Australia and Hawaii, but higher than in New Zealand.[3] GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ...


Demography

Woman at Noumea market
Woman at Noumea market

Though still the largest group, the indigenous Melanesian Kanak community now represents 44.6% of the whole population (as of 1996 census),[7] their proportion of the population having declined due to immigration and other factors. The rest of the population is made up of ethnic groups that arrived in New Caledonia in the last 150 years: Europeans (34.5%) (predominantly French, with German, British and Italian minorities), Polynesians (Wallisians, Tahitians) (11.8%), Indonesians (2.6%), Vietnamese (1.4%), Ni-Vanuatu (1.2%), and various other groups (3.9%), such as Malabaris and Tamils, Indians (Hindu and Muslim), Sri Lankans, Bengalis, Berbers, Japanese, Chinese, Fijians (Native Fijians and Indo- Fijian), Arabs, West Indian (mostly from other French territories) and a small number of ethnic Africans.[7] Some of this immigration was a direct consequence of various conflicts around the world but in particular of the crumbling of the French colonial empire. The Kanak are known officially as Melanesians. Similarly, those whose roots are in French Polynesia are known either as Tahitians (which excludes persons originating in the other archipelagoes of French Polynesia) or simply as Polynesians (which would include both Tahitians and Wallisians, as well as many other minor groups). Whites that have lived in New Caledonia for several generations are locally known as Caldoches, whereas newcomers who have immigrated from metropolitan France are called Métros or Métropolitains. The European population also includes some pieds noirs who came after Algeria gained independence from France[8], some of them prominent in anti-independence politics, including Pierre Maresca, a leader of the RPCR[9]. Within the official statistical category "Europeans" no distinction is made between Caledonian-born whites and French-born whites, however it is estimated that approximately two thirds identify themselves with the Caldoche community while the rest see themselves primarily as French immigrants. There is a significant contingent of people that arrive from France to work for a year or two and others that have come to retire. The Caldoche usually refer to themselves simply as calédoniens and may be either white (mostly French or German) or white with an admixture of Asian, Melanesian or Polynesian ancestry. Caldoche culture has many similarities with Australian and Afrikaner culture. Until very recently the Kanak population held an economically disadvantaged position in New Caledonian society, while wealthy French expatriates formed the top of the socio-economic hierarchy. The Asian and Polynesian inhabitants dominate certain segments of the local economy. map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... Cultural flag of the Kanak community, showing a flèche faîtière (a spear-like wooden totem monument placed atop Kanak traditional dwellings). ... The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Motto: n/a Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital (and largest city) Mata-Utu Official languages French Uvean, Futunan Government Overseas territory of France  -  President of France Nicolas Sarkozy  -  Administrateur supérieur Richard Didier  -  President of the Territorial Assembly Pesamino Taputai  -  Kings (traditionally three) King of Uvea (none at present) Soane Patita... Tahitian could refer to the Tahitian language the native Tahitian people a resident of Tahiti or perhaps of French Polynesia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... [Land of uncivilised] Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala Malabar (Malayalam: മലബാര്‍ ) is a region of southern India, lying between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, and derived from the Malayalam word Mala mean Hill and Persian word Bar means Kingdom, and is same as the word meaning of Malayalam. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... The Republic of India is the second most populous country in the world, with a population of more than one billion, and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. ... The Bengali people are the ethnic community from Bengal (divided between India and Bangladesh) on the Indian subcontinent with a history dating back four millennia. ... Kabyles du Pacifique (Kabyles of the Pacific) were a group of men and women deported by French authorities to labor camps on the island of New Caledonia, after taking part in the 1870-1871 mainly Kabyle uprising against colonial rule. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... -1... Melanesia (from Greek black islands) is a region extending from the west Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and north-east of Australia. ... Caldoche is the name given to European inhabitants of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... Pied-noir (plural: pieds-noirs) is a term for the former population of European descent of North Africa, especially Algeria. ... The Rally for Caledonia in the Republic (Rassemblement pour une Calédonie dans la République) is a political party in New Caledonia, strongly supportive of the French status of New Caledonia. ... A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular... This article is about the Southern African ethnic group. ...

Kanak women
Kanak women

There have been frequent accusations by the pro-independence movement that the French government is attempting to skew the demographic balance between the ethnic communities by clandestinely settling thousands of people from mainland France among the white Caledonians. Censuses are extremely critical to the balance of power in New Caledonia, and the organisation of a new census was regularly postponed after 1996. Eventually the census was carried out in August and September 2004, amidst raging controversies over ethnic questions. Due to an intervention by French president Jacques Chirac, questions asking for the ethnicity of people were deleted from the 2004 census, officially because they were deemed to contravene the French Constitution, which states that no distinction based on ethnicity or religion should be made among French citizens. The indigenous Melanesian Kanak leaders, who are extremely sensitive to ethnic balance issues, called for New Caledonians of Kanak ethnicity not to return census forms if questions regarding ethnicity were not asked, threatening to derail the census process. Eventually, the stalemate was resolved when the local New Caledonian statistical office (a branch of the national French statistical office INSEE) agreed to ask questions regarding ethnicity. However, it is not known whether questions regarding ethnicity were asked to all residents of New Caledonia, and at any rate no data have been released, leaving the ethnic tables from the 1996 census as the only information on ethnicity currently available. Cultural flag of the Kanak community, showing a flèche faîtière (a spear-like wooden totem monument placed atop Kanak traditional dwellings). ... “Chirac” redirects here. ... The current Constitution of France was adopted on October 4, 1958, and has been amended 17 times, most recently on March 28, 2003. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ...


According to the August 31, 2004 census, there were 230,789 inhabitants in New Caledonia.[2] This figure has increased to 240,400 as of January 1, 2007 official estimates.[1] Kanak leaders were fearful of a major influx of whites from metropolitan France which would alter the ethnic balance in the territory, but this has not happened. is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Metropolitan France Metropolitan France (French: or la Métropole) is the part of France located in Europe, including Corsica (French: Corse). ...


Population: 240,400 (January 1, 2007 estimate)[1] is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Age structure:
0-14 years: 28,4% (male 31 818, female 30 513)
15-64 years: 64,9% (male 71 565, female 70 815)
65 years and over: 6,6% (male 6 773, female 7 772) (2006 est.)


Population growth rate: 1.84% (in 2005), 1.91% (yearly average from January 2000 to January 2006) Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Birth rate: 17.2 births/1 000 population (in 2005) Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Death rate: 4.9 deaths/1 000 population (in 2005) For other uses, see Death (disambiguation). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Net migration rate: 5.62 migrants/1 000 population (in 2005), 5.01 migrants/1 000 population (yearly average between beginning of 2000 and end of 2005) Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Kanak houses
Kanak houses

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1,05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1,04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1,01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0,87 male(s)/female
total population: 1,01 male(s)/female (2006 est.) Cultural flag of the Kanak community, showing a flèche faîtière (a spear-like wooden totem monument placed atop Kanak traditional dwellings). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Infant mortality rate: 7,57 deaths/1,000 live births male: 8,27 deaths/1,000 live births female: 6,83 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.) is the death of infants in the first year of life. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Life expectancy at birth: (in 2005)
total population: 75.2 years
male: 71.9 years
female: 78.6 years This article is about the measure of remaining life. ...


Total fertility rate: 2.20 children born/woman (in 2005) Fertility is the natural capability of giving life. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Nationality:
noun: New Caledonian(s)
adjective: New Caledonian


Ethnic groups: (as of 1996 census [2]) Melanesian 44.6%, European 34.5%, Wallisian 9.1%, Tahitian 2.7%, Indonesian 2.6%, Vietnamese 1.4%, Ni-Vanuatu 1.2%, other (Filipino) 3.9% Melanesia (from Greek black islands) is a region extending from the west Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and north-east of Australia. ... The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ... Ê»Uvean (FakaÊ»uvea in the vernacular) is the Polynesian language spoken on Ê»Uvea (also known as Wallis Island), and it was therefore known as Wallisian in colonial times. ... Tahitian could refer to the Tahitian language the native Tahitian people a resident of Tahiti or perhaps of French Polynesia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Indonesias 225 million people make it the worlds fourth-most populous nation. ...


Religions: Roman Catholicism 60%, Protestantism 30%, other 10% The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ...


Languages: French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian languages


Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91%
male: 92%
female: 90% (1976 est.) Children reading. ...


Languages

French is the official language of New Caledonia as in the rest of the French Republic. At the 2004 census, 97.0% of people whose age was 14 or older reported that they could speak, read and write French, whereas only 0.97% reported that they had no knowledge of French.[10] At the same census, 37.1% of people whose age was 14 or older reported that they could speak (but not necessarily read or write) one of the 28 indigenous Austronesian languages of New Caledonia (see New Caledonian languages and Loyalty Island languages), whereas 58.7% reported that they had no knowledge of any of these 28 indigenous languages.[11] The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... The family of New Caledonian languages is a subgroup of the Remote Oceanic languages. ... The four Loyalty Island languages form a branch of the Southern Oceanic languages. ...

Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1096x744, 47 KB)Australasia ecozone re-drawn from French wiki by MPF Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... National Motto: Inasmuch Official language English Capital Kingston ¹ Largest city Burnt Pine ² Chief of State Queen Elizabeth II Chief Minister Geoffrey Robert Gardner Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 6th (Australia) 34. ... There is another island in the Pacific Ocean with the same constitutional name, Christmas Island, also known as: Kiritimati The Territory of Christmas Island is a small, non self-governing Territory of Australia located in the Indian Ocean, 2360 km northwest of Perth in Western Australia and 500 km south... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... Copyright 2004 Affordable Solutions Pty Ltd Aust. ... Population: 201,816 (July 2000 est. ... Image File history File links Micronesia. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Image File history File links Polynesia. ... Languages Tokelauan, English Capital None; each atoll has its own administrative center Political status Territory of New Zealand Chief of State Queen Elizabeth II Administrator Neil Walter Head of Government Aliki Faipule Kuresa Area  – Total  – % water  10 km²  Negligible Population  – Total (2004)  – Density  1,405  141/km² Dependent area of... This is a list of countries spanning more than one continent. ...

Culture

Sports

Flag used at the 2007 South Pacific Games.

The most popular sport is cricket followed by football [12].The New Caledonia football team participates in the Oceania region's Nations Cup. Rugby league has been played in New Caledonia since 2003 when its rugby union governing body and clubs switched.[citation needed] The New Caledonia rugby league team represents New Caledonia in international rugby league. The South Pacific Games is a Multi-sport event, much like the Olympics, (albeit on a much smaller scale), with participation exclusively from countries around the South Pacific. ... This article is about the sport. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... First International New Caledonia 2 - 0 New Zealand (Nouméa, New Caledonia; Sept. ... OFC is a TLA that may stand for: Oakland Fitness Council Objective force capabilities Oceania Football Confederation Offshore financial center Olayan Financing Company (Saudia Arabia) Ontario Fitness Council Open fiber control Open File Connection (Legato Systems) Open Financial Connectivity Optical fiber communication Optical Fiber Conference Optical fiber coupler Oregon Fishing... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... First international American Samoa 62 - 6 New Caledonia (Pago Pago, American Samoa; 23 October 2004) Biggest win Never won a fixture Biggest defeat Samoa 76 - 0 New Caledonia (Apia, Samoa; 20 October 2004) The New Caledonia rugby league team represents the French territory of New Caledonia and has been participating...


Images of New Caledonia

Miscellaneous topics

Telephones - main lines in use: 44,000 (1995) Telephones - mobile cellular: 825 (1995) Telephone system: domestic: NA international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998) Radios: 107,000 (1997) Television broadcast stations: 6 (plus 25 low-power repeaters) (1997) Televisions... Economy - overview: New Caledonia has more than 20% of the worlds known nickel resources. ... New Caledonia (Kanaky) boasts a folk music heritage (la Coutume) in the Melanesian tradition. ... Gold Coast redirects here. ... Vanuatu and New Caledonia, Matthew and Hunter Islands on the right bottom The Matthew and Hunter Islands are a group of 2 small and uninhabited volcanic islands in the South Pacific, located 300 km east of New Caledonia and south-east of Vanuatu archipelago. ... Railways: 0 km Highways: total: 5,562 km paved: 975 km unpaved: 4,587 km (1993) Ports and harbors: Mueo, Nouméa, Thio Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,261 GRT/1,600 DWT ships by type: cargo 1 (1999 est. ...

See also

The French Overseas Departments and Territories (often abbreviated DOM-TOM for départements doutre-mer, territoires doutre-mer) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe. ... bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla... Indian Ocean Islands The following islands are in the Indian Ocean Réunion (French: La Réunion) - (Overseas department and region) Mayotte (French: Mayotte) - (Overseas collectivity entitled departmental collectivity) Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: Îles Éparses) (all five have no permanent population) Bassas da India (French: Île Bassas... Topography of Zealandia. ...

External links

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Tourism Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d (French) Institut de la statistique et des études économiques de Nouvelle-Calédonie (ISEE). Bilan économique et social 2006 - Démographie (PDF). Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  2. ^ a b (French) INSEE, Government of France. Recensement général de la population en Nouvelle-Calédonie - 2004. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  3. ^ a b c d (French) Institut de la statistique et des études économiques de Nouvelle-Calédonie (ISEE). Chiffres clés. Retrieved on 2008-01-06.
  4. ^ Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the full French name is now officially only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV — see [1]). It should be noted that French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.
  5. ^ Voter turnout in the second round of the election as per:
    (French) Minister of the Interior, Government of France. RESULTATS DE L'ELECTION PRESIDENTIELLE - NOUVELLE CALEDONIE. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  6. ^ Boyer & Giribet 2007: 355
  7. ^ a b (French) Institut de la statistique et des études économiques de Nouvelle-Calédonie (ISEE). Population totale, selon la communauté par commune et Province de résidence (XLS). Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  8. ^ David A. Chappell (2005). "New Caledonia". The Contemporary Pacific 17 (2): 435-448. 
  9. ^ Henry Kamm. "Noumea Journal; On an Island in the Pacific, but Far From at Peace", New York Times, 1988-07-26. 
  10. ^ (French) INSEE, Government of France. P9-1 - Population de 14 ans et plus selon la connaissance du français, le sexe, par commune, "zone" et par province de résidence (XLS). Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  11. ^ (French) INSEE, Government of France. P10-1 - Population de 14 ans et plus selon la connaissance d'une langue mélanésienne et le sexe, par commune, "zone" et par province de résidence (XLS). Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  12. ^ FIFA.com - New Caledonia joins the world football community

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... This article is about the political and administrative structures of the French government. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The entrance to the Ministry in Place Beauvau is guarded by one gendarme (to the left) and one policewoman (to the right). ... This article is about the political and administrative structures of the French government. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Henry Kamm was a correspondent for The New York Times. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... This article is about the political and administrative structures of the French government. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... This article is about the political and administrative structures of the French government. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Boyer, S.L. & Giribet, G. (2007): A new model Gondwanan taxon: systematics and biogeography of the harvestman family Pettalidae (Arachnida, Opiliones, Cyphophthalmi), with a taxonomic revision of genera from Australia and New Zealand. Cladistics 23(4): 337-361. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2007.00149.x

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... The French Overseas Departments and Territories (French: départements doutre-mer and collectivités doutre-mer or DOM-COM) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... Anthem For Sweden - The Land of The Incredible Biffs Capital (and largest city) Gustavia Official languages Swedish Government  -  Prime Minister of Sweden Nick XII Bonaparte  -  Prefect Per af Biffsläkt  -  President of the Territorial Council none yet; however Henning is the mayor of Saint-Barthelemy Overseas Collectivity of Sweden   -  Swedish... Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital (and largest city) Marigot Official languages French Government  -  President of France Jacques Chirac  -  Prefect Dominique Lacroix  -  President of the Territorial Council none yet; however Albert Fleming is the mayor of Saint-Martin Overseas Collectivity of France   -  Island divided between France and the Netherlands 23 March 1648... ÃŽle Amsterdam IPA: (meaning Amsterdam island, after the Dutch capital) is a French island in the Indian Ocean located at . ... Map of St. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Iles Crozet The Crozet Islands (French: ÃŽles Crozet or officially Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean, part of the French Southern Territories. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12S, 136°11E and Point Alden at 66°48S, 142°02E, with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2600 km toward... Location of the Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean: • 1 : Bassas da India • 2 : Europa Island • 3 : Glorioso Islands • 4 : Juan de Nova Island • 5 : Tromelin Island (KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte) The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: ÃŽles Éparses... Overseas region (French: Région doutre-mer), is a recent designation given to the overseas departments which have similar powers to those of the regions of metropolitan France. ... New Caledonia is divided into three provinces: Islands Province (Province des ÃŽles = Loyalty Islands), North Province (Province Nord = the northern mainland) and South Province (Province Sud = the southern mainland). ... The Loyalty Islands. ... The North Province (French Province Nord) is one of three administrative subdivisions in New Caledonia. ... The South Province (French Province Sud) is one of three administrative subdivisions in New Caledonia. ... Belep Islands are a group of islands and a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Bouloupari (locally spelled Boulouparis, but this spelling is not recognized by French authorities) is a commune in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. ... Bourail is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Canala is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Dumbéa is a municipality in Greater Nouméa in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Farino is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Hienghène is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Houaïlou is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... LÃŽle-des-Pins is a commune in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. ... Kaala-Gomen is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Koné is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Kouaoua is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Koumac is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... La Foa is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Lifou from space, November 1990 Lifou is the largest and most important island of the Loyalty Islands. ... Maré is one of the three main islands in the Loyalty Islands and a municipality in the Islands Province of New Caledonia. ... Moindou is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Le Mont-Dore is a commune in the suburbs of Nouméa in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. ... Nouméa is the capital city of the French territory of New Caledonia. ... Ouégoa is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Ouvéa from space, November 1990 Ouvea may refer to: Ouvéa, an island in the Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia. ... Païta is a municipality in Greater Nouméa in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Poindimié is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Ponérihouen is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Pouébo is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Pouembout is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... The Workers Party of Marxist Unification (POUM, Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista) was a Spanish political party around the time of the Spanish Civil War. ... Poya is a municipality in New Caledonia that lies partly in both the South and the North Province. ... Sarraméa is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Thio is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... Touho is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Voh is a municipality in the North Province of New Caledonia. ... Yaté is a municipality in the South Province of New Caledonia. ... This is an alphabetical list of Oceanian countries and dependencies. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1096x744, 47 KB)Australasia ecozone re-drawn from French wiki by MPF Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Copyright 2004 Affordable Solutions Pty Ltd Aust. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... Maluku redirects here. ... Image File history File links Micronesia. ... Image File history File links Polynesia. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... Below is a list of countries that are home to Austronesian languages along with the most notable languages in each country. ... The Formosan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken 2% of the population of Taiwan, almost exclusively aboriginals. ... The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages used by some 351 million speakers. ... Rapa Nui redirects here. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Anthem Patriots of Micronesia Capital Palikir Largest city Weno Official languages English (national), Ulithian, Woleaian, Yapese, Pohnpeian, Kosraean, and Chuukese (at state or local level) Government Constitutional government1  -  President Joseph J. Urusemal Independence from US-administered UN Trusteeship   -  Date 3 November 1986  Area  -  Total 702 km² (188th) 271 sq mi... Old photo of the people of Orchid Island, near Taiwan published in a Japanese colonial government publication, ca. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


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New Caledonia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3103 words)
New Caledonia lies astride the Tropic of Capricorn, between 19° and 23° south latitude.
New Caledonia's freshwater ecology also evolved in long isolation, and the New Caledonia rivers and streams are home to many endemic species.
New Caledonia is also allowed to engage in international cooperation with independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.
Politics of New Caledonia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (892 words)
Politics of New Caledonia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic French overseas country, whereby the President of the Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.
The party system is dominated by the conservative Rally for Caledonia in the Republic and the separatist National Union for Independence-Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front, though in the last years the liberal Future Together became the second political force.
The unique status of New Caledonia is in between that of an independent country and a regular overseas collectivité of France.
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