FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > New Alliance Party

The New Alliance Party was an American political party formed by psychotherapists Fred Newman and Lenora Fulani. The party is notable for getting Fulani on the ballot in all 50 states during her first Presidential campaign in 1988, making her both the first African-American and woman to do so. Political parties in the United States lists political parties in the United States. ... Psychotherapy is a set of techniques intended to improve mental health, emotional or behavioral issues in individuals, who are often called clients. These issues often make it hard for people to manage their lives and achieve their goals. ... Fred Newman is a controversial philosopher, playwright and political activist. ... Lenora Branch Fulani (b. ... The President of the United States (fully, President of the United States of America; unofficially abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States and the chief executive of the federal government. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Image of a woman on the Pioneer plaque sent to outer space. ...

Contents


Background and ideas

From 1974 to 1979, Newman had acquired some experience in politics in managing the International Workers Party. By the end of this period it seemed that to expand the influence of Newman's ideas it would be necessary to set up a public electoral party, controlled secretly by the IWP (which itself was now "underground"), but with a less rigid ideological face than the IWP. The idea was to create an electoral party independent of Democrats and Republicans (but NOT of the IWP) that could create "new alliances" of groups marginalized by the American electoral process, namely racial minorities, homosexuals, anti-Zionist Jews and women. The climate of some sectarian Left groups in the 1970s was intended to be "race neutral"- that is, strictly dedicated to the "dictatorship of the proletariat" regardless of race. This was seen as naive by some revolutionary groups set up by minorities. In 1979, Newman started the New Alliance Party (NAP) to expand his base beyond the IWP and into the marginalized communities. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... The International Workers Party (IWP) is supposedly a secretive Marxist political organization founded by controversial organizer, playwright and psychotherapist Fred Newman. ... Since its inception, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ... Female symbol Female is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, which produces egg cells. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The proletariat (from Latin proles, offspring) is a term used to identify a lower social class; a member of such a class is proletarian. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Validity of human races. ...


Like all groups founded by Newman, the basis for the NAP was in his own Social Therapy methods. The group did label itself as "pro-socialist" but it is unclear whether the group's platform was really rooted in Marxism or in Newman's own more eclectic views. Social therapy posits that personal problems are brought on by the political system- a member of a marginalized group would be less likely to be in emotional distress if they had a stronger political voice instead of being reliant on a system that mistreats them. The color red and particularly the red flag are traditional symbols of Socialism. ...


Dr. Newman's patients went from "one-on-one" therapy sessions to "grouplets"- mixed groups where each person was encouraged to speak out against any social or racial group, especially if members of that group were in the grouplet. Newman believed that only by making his patients vulnerable to these attacks could they all see how the divisions created in society were harmful to their psychological states. The sometimes brutal shared abuse of these therapy sessions drew accusations from outsiders that the group was less a political organization than a cult using leftist lingo as a control mechanism. The sessions did produce a "collective" mentality that focused an intese amount on sexual and racial identity politics. The grouplets nicely served as a starting point for NAP activism because the mixed groups could all return to their diverse communities for recruitment. In religion and sociology, a cult is a cohesive group of people (often a relatively small and new religious movement) devoted to beliefs or practices that the surrounding culture or society considers to be far outside the mainstream. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition...


Electoral politics

In addition to being harshly criticized for its internal practices, the NAP also came under fire for its campaigning activities. The NAP was frequently accused of practicing entryism. This caused problems not only with the Democratic Party but also many independent groups. Entryism (or entrism or enterism) is a political tactic by which an organisation encourages members to infiltrate another organisation in an attempt to gain recruits, or take over entirely. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ...


In 1984 the NAP made its entry into the Presidential campaign scene. Its candidate was Dennis Serrette, an African-American union activist who would later leave the NAP alleging questionable methods used by Newman and others. Serrette's running mate was Nancy Ross, a Jewish follower of Newman (and a founding member of the secretive IWP) who had previously won a seat on a community school board on Manhattan's Upper West Side and today is a staff member of Newman's political think tank. 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers...


In 1985 the NAP began its unusual political "relationship" with Jesse Jackson. While Newman was initially dismissive of Jackson, Fulani had praised the popular activist during his 1984 Presidential run. However, it was after he founded his Rainbow Coalition group that the NAP got him to take notice of them. Newman and Fulani created the similar-sounding Rainbow Alliance, which at first lobbied for the benefit of small political parties. It later changed its name to the Rainbow Lobby and expanded its lobby to include issues of Joseph Mobutu's presidency in Zaire and the Haitian dictatorship of Prosper Avril. It is unclear how many people gave money to the Rainbow Lobby thinking that it was connected to Jackson, but when asked about his political relationship to Fulani in the press he said that there was no relationship at all. The Rainbow Lobby continued to raise money into the early 1990s but Fulani criticized Jackson for his support of the Democratic Party. This article is about the year. ... // Headline text The Reverend Jesse Louis Jackson Sr. ... Jesse Jackson formed two non-profit organizations, Operation PUSH (People United To Serve Humanity) in 1971 and the National Rainbow Coalition in 1984. ... Mobutu Sese Seko Nkuku wa za Banga (or Mobutu Sese Seko Koko Ngbendu Wa Za Banga; October 14, 1930 - September 7, 1997) was the President of Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) from 1965 to 1997. ... Prosper Avril (born December 12, 1937) is a former president of Haiti. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, the last decade of the 20th Century. ...


The 1988 presidential race was a big step for the NAP. In the previous election, they were only able to get Serrette on the ballot in 33 states. This time around they pursued every avenue they could imagine to gain ballot access. This included attempts at taking over other small political parties which had existed previously without any involvement from NAP members, such as the Solidarity Party in Illinois. The easiest way to do this was to bus as many NAP members as possible to the unsuspecting party's convention and have them vote as delegates to endorse the nominations of NAP candidates. They had unsuccessfully attempted this technique in the 1984 election with the Peace and Freedom Party (P&FP) in California, but this time around they simply held another convention and declared themselves to be the real P&FP. California refused to recognize any P&FP convention results that year. Nevertheless the NAP succeeded not only in getting Fulani's name on the ballot in all 50 states but also at diminishing much of the "competition" from other leftist small groups, whom they sometimes accused of being "bought" by the Democrats. The election was held on November 8, 1988. ... Ballot access rules regulate the conditions under which a candidate or political party is entitled to appear on voters ballots. ... The Solidarity Party was an American political party in the state of Illinois. ... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Official languages English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) Senators Richard Durbin (D) Barack Obama (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 25th 149,998 km² 4. ... United States Peace and Freedom Party logo The Peace and Freedom Party (PFP) is a United States political party founded in 1967 as a leftist organization opposed to the Vietnam War. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 402. ...


Fulani ran unsuccessfully as a New York gubernatorial candidate in 1990. She was endorsed by Louis Farrakhan who had recently been politically involved with Jesse Jackson's 1988 campaign only to be dropped at the recommendation of Jackson's campaign advisors. This was due to the public's perception of Farrakhan as anti-semitic, which amplified the reaction to Jackson's slipped comment of calling New York City "Hymietown". Fulani and Newman embraced Farrakhan and angered the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) by refusing to call him out for comments he had made. Accusations of anti-semitism were nothing new to Newman. The ADL quotes him as saying in a 1985 speech that Jews had become the "stormtroopers of decadent capitalism" in response to the Holocaust. In the wake of this criticism, Fulani moderated a "historic conference" on Black-Jewish relations, featuring the "Jewish Marxist" Newman sitting down with activist Al Sharpton. This is a list of the Governors of New York. ... Controversial Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The term Stormtrooper refers to special military troops which were formed in the last year of World War I as the German army developed new methods of attacking enemy trenches, called infiltration tactics. Men trained in these methods were known as Sturmmann (Stormtroopers), formed into companies of Sturmtruppen (Storm Units). ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Capitalism The page is about the economic system. ... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II. Early elements include the Kristallnacht pogrom and the T-4 Euthanasia Program established by Hitler that killed some 200,000 people. ... Reverend Al Sharpton The Reverend Alfred Charles Al Sharpton Jr. ...


Fulani again ran for president in 1992 on the NAP ticket. Maria Elizabeth Munoz, a chicano activist, was chosen as her running mate. Munoz had previously run for Senate and Governor in California on P&FP tickets. The NAP again tried to take over the P&FP convention, but lost the party's nomination to Ron Daniels of Jesse Jackson's Rainbow Coalition. Fulani also entered the New Hampshire primary for the Democratic Party Presidential nomination in 1992, and gained some press coverage for frequent heckling of Bill Clinton's campaign appearances after she was excluded from the New Hampshire Democratic debates. Presidential electoral votes by state. ... A Chicano or Chicana is a person whose political ideology consists of improving civil rights for Mexican-Americans. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Seal of the Governor of California (without the Roman numerals designating the governors sequence) This is a list of Governors of California since statehood. ... State nickname: Granite State, Mother of Rivers, White Mountain State, Switzerland of America [1] Official languages English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Governor John Lynch (D) Senators Judd Gregg (R) John Sununu (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 46th 24,239 km² 3. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe, III on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...


By the mid 1990s the NAP and its weekly newspaper The National Alliance had been disbanded, although the IWP remained as the internal control mechanism of various new and old Newman fronts. In 1994, Fulani and Newman for a period joined the Patriot Party, one of many groups which would later compete for control over Ross Perot's Reform Party in the years to come. This same year, Fulani would with fellow Newmanite Jacqueline Salit start the Committee for a Unified Independent Party, an organization dedicated to bringing various independent groups together to challenge the bipartisan hegemony in American politics. Critics say that these groups are actually a way for Newman and Fulani to manipulate the independent parties, and many respected political figures such as Ralph Nader and George Pataki have been condemned in the press for their cooperation with Newman-led organizations. Supporters of Fulani and Newman were successful in gaining control over some state affiliates of the Reform Party, most notably in New York, leading again to charges of entryism. The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, the last decade of the 20th Century. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... There have been several groups called the Patriot Party, the Patriotic Party, or similar: Aruba — Patriot Party Canada — Patriot Party of Canada, British Columbia Patriot Party Ghana — New Patriotic Party Honduras — Patriotic Renovation Party Liberia — National Patriotic Party New Zealand — Patriot Party Poland — Patriotic Party United States — Patriot Party (a... Henry Ross Perot (born June 27, 1930), is a billionaire American businessman from Texas best known as a candidate for President of the United States (in 1992 and 1996). ... The Reform Party of the United States of America (abbreviated Reform Party USA or RPUSA) is a political party in the United States, founded by Ross Perot in 1995 who said Americans were disillusioned with the state of politics--as being corrupt and unable to deal with vital issues--and... Ralph Nader Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American activist lawyer who opposes the power of large corporations and has worked for decades on environmental, consumer rights, and pro-democracy issues. ... George E. Pataki George Elmer Pataki (born June 24, 1945) is the current Governor of New York State since January 1995. ...


Affiliated projects

The NAP released various periodicals such as National Alliance and Probe as mouthpieces for their political ideas. Newman (sometimes with Fulani) also created a number of community programs like the All Stars Project Inc. and the Castillo Theatre, the latter a venue for producing "postmodern" plays, and the Barbara Taylor elementary school (now defunct) in Harlem. All Stars and Castillo are still active and use social therapy as their basis. They propagated NAP political platforms when the party was still active. Many of the plays put on by the off-off Broadway Castillo and by affiliated amateur theater programs in several cities were written by Newman himself, and occasionally stir up controversy for their portrayals of Jews. Harlem is a neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City, long known as a major African American cultural and business center. ...


"Front group" criticisms

The formation of NAP did not bring about the dissolution of the IWP. Many former NAP members have reported that the IWP served as a secret governing body for NAP. (See the "ex-files" at [1].) Knowledge by NAP members of the IWP operations within its ranks was exclusive to NAP members singled out for recruitment. Those who joined the IWP (also known as the "Tendency" or the "preparty") were expected to maintain complete secrecy about the party's existence, function in a clandestine manner and turn over all their assets to the IWP. The transcript of a 1983 meeting of the IWP's Office of Economic Development (the Central Committee's financial committee), with Chairman Newman doing most of the talking, makes unequivocally clear that Newman regarded NAP as an entity controlled by the IWP collective. [2]


Fred Newman's habit of starting very similar organizations concurrently with largely shared memberships has led some to believe that his political activities are simply a "paper shuffle"--a complicated, therapy-drenched fundraising web that is centrally, and tightly, controlled. Newman has responded to this criticism by saying that many political organizations turn to partnered groups for support and that the apparent incestuousness of Newmanite groups is overstated in the press. Significantly, Newman has never acknowledged the ongoing existence of the clandestine control mechanism, the IWP, in spite of the massive amount of testimony presented by numerous former members on the web site http://www.ex-iwp.org [3].


Some leftwing journalists and activists believed in the 1970s and 1980s that all of Newman's enterprises - including the NAP - were actually front groups for his former ally Lyndon LaRouche. This is because Newman brought his organization into an alliance with the LaRouche organization in 1973-74, and willingly collaborated with LaRouche's National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC) after the NCLC had conducted Operation Mop-Up against the Communist Party but while the NCLC was still engaged in violence against black nationalist groups and Maoist sects. The NAP has no history of systematic LaRouche-style violence, although IWP members are known to have occasionally assaulted dissenters from Newman's views, defectors, and rival groups. In addition, the IWP, operating through NAP and NAP's publications, has slandered many of its opponents in "smears" similar to those that the various LaRouche organizations carry out (and, like LaRouche, the IWP operating under NAP cover has filed numerous lawsuits to harass opponents). Defunct California Proposition 64 North American Labour Party Party for the Commonwealth of Canada Parti pour la république du Canada U.S. Labor Party Lyndon Hermyle LaRouche, Jr. ... Defunct California Proposition 64 (1986) North American Labour Party Party for the Commonwealth of Canada Parti pour la république du Canada U.S. Labor Party The National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC) is a political cadre organization in the United States founded and controlled by political activist Lyndon LaRouche...


The issue of LaRouche influence is therefore a murky one. NAP's 1984 presidential candidate Dennis Serrette said that even he couldn't tell whether NAP was a LaRouche front. This was because Newman was found to be lying about his claim that he had only worked with the NCLC pre-"Operation Mop Up". However, in 1996 LaRouche himself issued a warning to Fulani that he would expose "significant features of the Fred Newman organization" after Fulani and Newman became involved with the Reform Party. Interestingly, this threat was issued in response to an article that Fulani had written criticizing Louis Farrakhan and Rev. Al Sharpton, both of whom had previously been supported by NAP. LaRouche was allied with Farrakhan's Nation of Islam at the time of his warning to Fulani, but no evidence has surfaced about LaRouche ever working with Sharpton. [4] 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


References

  • dennisking.org examines the history of NAP and the ongoing activities of Fred Newman and his followers from a strongly critical viewpoint.

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m