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Encyclopedia > New Age
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New Age is the term commonly used to designate the broad movement of late 20th century and contemporary Western culture, characterized by an eclectic and individual approach to spiritual exploration and references the supposed coming astrological Age of Aquarius. Self-spirituality, New spirituality, and Mind-body-spirit are other names sometimes used for the movement. [1][2][3] Beliefs in New Age ideas are found among diverse individuals, including some who graft additional beliefs onto a traditional religious affiliation. [3] Individuals who hold any of its beliefs may not identify with the name, and the name may be applied as a label by outsiders to anyone they consider inclined towards its world view. The New Age movement includes elements of older spiritual and religious traditions from both East and West, many of which have been melded with ideas from modern science, particularly psychology and ecology. New Age ideas could be described as drawing inspiration from all the major world religions with influences from Spiritualism, Buddhism, Hermeticism, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Shamanism, Mayanism, Ceremonial magic, Sufism, Taoism, New Thought, Wicca and Neo-Paganism being especially strong. New Age may refer to: New Age, a spiritual movement New Age music New Age (Bangladesh), a major Bangladeshi newspaper New Age (newspaper), a defunct South African newspaper The New Age, an early 20th century British literary magazine New Age (Velvet Underground song), a song by Velvet Underground The New... Image File history File links EndlessKnot03d. ... For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... The Age of Aquarius (starting around the 27th century) is one of the twelve astrological ages. ... A world view (or worldview) is a term calqued from the German word Weltanschauung ( ) Welt is the German word for world, and Anschauung is the German word for view or outlook. It is a concept fundamental to German philosophy and epistemology and refers to a wide world perception. ... Psychological science redirects here. ... For the journal, see Ecology (journal). ... Major world religions have been distinguished from minor religions using a variety of methods, though any such division naturally reflects a particular bias, since many adherent of a religion are likely to consider their own faith major. Two methods are mentioned in this article, number of adherents and the definitions... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... This article is about the magical and religious movement stemming from the teachings of Hermes Trismegistus. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ... Mayanism is the native religion of the Mayan people, as it is practiced today. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Divine love and the cultivation of the elements of the Divine within the individual human being. ... Taoism (or Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical traditions and concepts. ... The New Thought Movement or New Thought is comprised of a loosely allied group of denominations, organizations, authors, philosophers, and individuals who share a set of metaphysical beliefs concerning healing, life force, visualization, and personal power. ... For other uses, see Wicca (disambiguation). ... Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ...


From this collection of influences have come a wide-ranging literature on spirituality, new forms of music known as "new age music", crafts—most visible in speciality shops and New Age fairs and festivals, and increased interest in the methods of alternative medicine.[4][5] New Age music is a style of music originally associated with some New Age beliefs. ... Roundabouts (or carousels) are traditional attractions, often seen at fairs. ... For other uses, see Festival (disambiguation). ... Alternative medicine has been described as any of various systems of healing or treating disease (as chiropractic, homeopathy, or faith healing) not included in the traditional medical curricula taught in the United States and Britain.[1] Alternative medicine practices are often based in belief systems not derived from modern science. ...

Contents

Definitions

There is no formal definition of the New Age movement. One academic study suggests that those who sample many diverse teachings and practices from both 'mainstream' and 'fringe' traditions and formulate their own beliefs and practices based on their experiences can be considered as New Age.[1] Rather than following the lead of an organised religion, "New Agers" typically construct their own spiritual journey based on material taken from the mystical traditions of the world's religions, also including shamanism, neopaganism, and occultism.[2] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ... Neopaganism or Neo-Paganism is any of a heterogeneous group of new religious movements, particularly those influenced by ancient, primarily pre-Christian and sometimes pre-Judaic religions. ... For other uses of this term, see occult (disambiguation). ...


New Age practices and beliefs may be characterized as a form of alternative spirituality or alternative religion. Even apparent exceptions, such as alternative medicine or traditional medicine practices, often have some spiritual dimension—such as a conceptual integration of mind, body, and spirit. Alternative medicine has been described as any of various systems of healing or treating disease (as chiropractic, homeopathy, or faith healing) not included in the traditional medical curricula taught in the United States and Britain.[1] Alternative medicine practices are often based in belief systems not derived from modern science. ... The term describes medical knowledge systems, which developed over centuries within various societies before the era of modern medicine; traditional medicines include medicines such as herbal medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, Unani medicine, Acupuncture, Traditional Chinese medicine, Traditional Ayurvedic Medicine, South African Muti, Yoruba Ifá, as well as other medical knowledge and... For other uses, see Mind (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Body (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Spirit (disambiguation). ...


The term New Age is used in a Western or modern context where the Judeo-Christian tradition and/or Positivism are dominant, so the use of "alternative" in New Age thought generally implies a contrast with these dominant religious and/or scientific beliefs. Hence, many New Age ideas and practices in the West contain either explicit or implied critiques of organised mainstream Christianity—emphasis on meditation suggests that simple prayer and faith are insufficient, and beliefs such as reincarnation (which not all New Age followers accept)—challenge familiar Christian doctrines, like those regarding the Afterlife. Occident redirects here. ... Judeo-Christian tradition (also spelled Judaeo-Christian) is the body of concepts and values held in common by Christianity and Judaism. ... Positivism is a philosophy that states that the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge, and that such knowledge can only come from positive affirmation of theories through strict scientific method. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... For other uses, see Faith (disambiguation). ... This article is about the theological concept. ... For other uses, see Afterlife (disambiguation). ...


New Age is a wide range of ideas and activities, from which participants in the subculture select their own preferred streams to identify with. The question of which contemporary cultural elements can be included under the name of "New Age" , or what it means, is much contested. New Age channelers, for instance, have many points of similarity with Spiritualist mediums. Many spiritual movements, such as neo-paganism and transpersonal psychology partially overlap with it. Many groups prefer to distance themselves from the possible negative connotations of the "New Age" name, such as the media hoopla and commercialism, while others prefer not to use it at all. For example, key individuals in the New Thought Movement, such as Ernest Holmes, have focused on a more scientific approach and do not share beliefs in reincarnation, magic, or channeling. Major efforts to present the New Age as a values-based sociopolitical movement included Mark Satin's New Age Politics (orig. 1976),[6] Theodore Roszak's Person/Planet (1978), Marilyn Ferguson's Aquarian Conspiracy (1980), and Gordon Davidson and Corinne McLaughlin's Spiritual Politics (1994). Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ... Transpersonal psychology is a school of psychology that studies the transpersonal, the transcendent or spiritual aspects of the human mind. ... The New Thought movement, a religio-metaphysical healing group, was founded by Phineas Parkhurst Quimby[1](1802-66) of Belfast, Maine, an American mental healer, student of mesmerism, and practitioner of hypnosis, who claimed he could heal by mere suggestion. ... Ernest Shurtleff Holmes (1887-1960) was the founder of a movement known as Religious Science, also known as Science of Mind, a part of the New Thought Movement. ... This article is about the theological concept. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mediumship. ... Mark Satin fielding a question at the Fall for the Book Literary Festival, Fairfax, VA, USA, September 21, 2004 – photo by Richard Mallory Allnutt Mark Satin (born November 16, 1946) is a U.S. lawyer and editor of the online political periodical Radical Middle Newsletter. ... Theodore Roszak (born 1933) is an American professor, social thinker, writer, and critic. ... Marilyn Ferguson is a best-seller writer and poet from the USA. In her works, she talks about the key to understand the New Age. ... Corinne McLaughlin is an author and a leader in the intentional communities movement. ...


History

Origins

Some, though not all, of the New Age's constituent elements appeared under the practices of Spiritualism, Theosophy, or some forms of New Thought / the Metaphysical movement, all of which date as far back as the nineteenth century, as does alternative health.[1][2] These movements in turn have roots in Transcendentalism, Mesmerism, Swedenborgianism, and various earlier Western esoteric or occult traditions, such as the Hermetic arts of astrology, magic, alchemy, and kabbalah. Some of the popularisation behind these ideas has roots in the work of early twentieth-century writers, such as D H Lawrence and W B Yeats. Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... The New Thought movement, a religio-metaphysical healing group, was founded by Phineas Parkhurst Quimby[1](1802-66) of Belfast, Maine, an American mental healer, student of mesmerism, and practitioner of hypnosis, who claimed he could heal by mere suggestion. ... Transcendentalism was a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that emerged in New England in the early-to mid-19th century. ... Hypnosis, as defined by the American Psychological Association Division of Psychological Hypnosis, is a procedure during which a health professional or researcher suggests that a client, patient, or experimental participant experience changes in sensations, perceptions, thoughts, or behavior. ... For a truer explaination of Swedenborgianism go to: http://www. ... Etymology Esoteric is an adjective originating during Hellenic Greece under the domain of the Roman Empire; it comes from the Greek esôterikos, from esôtero, the comparative form of esô: within. It is a word meaning anything that is inner and occult, a latinate word meaning hidden (from which... For other uses, see Occult (disambiguation). ... The word hermetic is commonly applied to literary or graphical symbolism that is exceedingly obscure, convoluted, or esoteric. ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... Not to be confused with Magic (illusion). ... For other uses, see Alchemy (disambiguation). ... This article is about traditional Jewish Kabbalah. ... D. H. Lawrence David Herbert Lawrence (11 September 1885 - 2 March 1930) was one of the most important, certainly one of the most controversial, English writers of the 20th century, who wrote novels, short stories, poems, plays, essays, travel books, and letters. ... A 1907 engraving of Yeats. ...


A weekly Journal of Christian liberalism and Socialism called The New Age was published as early as 1894. [7] In 1907 it was sold to a group of Socialist writers headed by Alfred Richard Orage and Holbrook Jackson. Other historical personalities were involved, including H. G. Wells, George Bernard Shaw, and William Butler Yeats; the magazine became a forum for politics, literature, and the arts. [8][9] Between 1908 and 1914 it was instrumental in pioneering the British avant-garde, from vorticism to imagism. After 1914, publisher Orage met P. D. Ouspensky, a follower of G. I. Gurdjieff, and began correspondence with Harry Houdini, becoming less interested in literature and art, and an increased focus on mysticism and other spiritual topics, and sold the magazine in 1921. According to Brown University, "The New Age helped to shape modernism in literature and the arts from 1907 to 1922". [10] The New Age was a British literary magazine, noted for its wide influence under the editorship from 1907 to 1922 of A. R. Orage. ... Alfred Richard Orage (1873 – 1934) was a British intellectual, now best known for editing the magazine The New Age. ... George Holbrook Jackson (1874 - 1948) was a British journalist, writer and publisher. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856–2 November 1950) was a world-renowned Irish author. ... Yeats redirects here. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Literature (disambiguation). ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ezra Pound was one of the prime movers of Imagism. ... P.D. Ouspensky Peter D. Ouspensky (March 4, 1878, Moscow - October 2, 1947, Lyne Place, Surrey, England), (Pyotr Demianovich Ouspenskii, also Uspenskii or Uspensky) was a Russian philosopher who invoked geometry in his discussions of psychology and higher dimensions of existence. ... Georges Ivanovich Gurdjieff (Георгий Иванович Гюрджиев, Georgiy Ivanovich Gyurdzhiev (or Gurdjiev); (January 13, 1866? – October 29, 1949), was an Armenian-Greek mystic, a teacher of sacred dances, and a spiritual teacher. ... Houdini redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up spiritual in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In the English-speaking world, we should make special mention of study groups devoted to American trance-diagnostician Edgar Cayce, who inspired many of today's "channelers". The British neo-Theosophist Alice Bailey published a book titled Discipleship in the New Age in 1944, and had used the terms "New Age" and "New Era" in reference to the transition from the astrological age of Pisces to that of Aquarius. Another early adopter of the term was the American artist mystic and philosopher Walter Russell, who spoke in an essay of "…this New Age philosophy of the spiritual re-awakening of man…", also published in 1944. The Findhorn Foundation, an early New Age intentional community in northern Scotland founded in 1962, played a significant role. The movement in Russia has been heavily influenced by the legacy of Nicholas Roerich and Helena Roerich, who taught in the Theosophical tradition. Another former Theosophist, Rudolf Steiner and his anthroposophical movement, is a major influence, especially upon German-speaking New Agers. In Brazil, followers of Spiritist writer Allan Kardec[11] blend with the Africanized folk traditions of Candomblé and Umbanda. Edgar Cayce (March 18, 1877 – January 3, 1945) (pronounced or like Casey) was an American who claimed psychic abilities. ... Neo-Theosophy is a derogatory term referring to books written by Annie Besant and Charles Webster Leadbeater on Theosophy, following the death of Madame Blavatsky in 1891. ... Alice Ann Bailey (June 16, 1880 – December 15, 1949), known as Alice A. Bailey or AAB, was born as Alice LaTrobe Bateman, in Manchester, England, but moved to the U.S. in 1907, where she spent most of her life as a writer and teacher. ... Position of vernal equinox occurring in Pisces after leaving Aries constellation (through the precession of the equinoxes backward motion). ... Symbol of Pisces Pisces is an Astrological sign, which originated from the constellation Pisces, and is the twelfth sign of the zodiac. ... Spirit of Aquarius Aquarius is an astrological sign, which originated from the constellation Aquarius, and is the eleventh sign of the zodiac. ... Walter Russell (1871–1963), is an American artist, sculptor, architect, and a controversial figure in physics and cosmogony, credited as the originator of the term New Age. He posited that the universe was founded on the unifying principle of rhythmic balanced interchange. ... The Findhorn Foundation is a Scottish charitable trust registered in 1972 to act as a focal point for the work of the community that grew up around Eileen and Peter Caddy and Dorothy Maclean near Findhorn, Scotland, from 1962 onwards. ... An intentional community is a planned residential community designed to promote a much higher degree of social interaction than other communities. ... Guests from Overseas, 1899 (Varangians in Russia) Longships Are Built in the Land of the Slavs (1903) Nicholas Roerich, (October 9, 1874 - December 13, 1947) also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Russian: Николай Константинович Рёрих), was a Russian painter and spiritual teacher. ... Helena Roerich (1879-1954) was born in Russia on February 12, 1879. ... Rudolf Steiner. ... Anthroposophy, also called spiritual science, is a spiritual philosophy based on the teachings of Rudolf Steiner,[1] which states that anyone who conscientiously cultivates sense-free thinking can attain experience of and insights into the spiritual world. ... This article is about Kardecist spiritism. ... Allan Kardec was a pseudonym of the French teacher and educator Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail (Lyon, October 3, 1804 — Paris, March 31, 1869), who is known today as the systematizer of Spiritism. ... Ilê Axé Iya Nassô Oká - Terreiro da Casa Branca Candomblé is an African-inspired or Afro-Brazilian religion or cult, practiced chiefly in Brazil. ... Umbanda is a religion that blends Catholicism, Kardecist Spiritualism, and Afro-Brazilian religions . ...


Contemporary usage

The subculture that would later take on the descriptive term "New Age" already existed in the early 1970s, based on and continuing themes originally present in 1960s counterculture.[12] Although more rock than new age in genre, the 1967 major hit musical Hair with its opening song "Aquarius" and the memorable line "This is the dawning of the age of Aquarius" showed the emergence of the New Age concept into mainstream awareness. In sociology, counterculture is a term used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural group, or subculture, that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day, the cultural equivalent of political opposition. ... This article is about the musical. ...


Use of the term New Age began in the mid 1970s, reflected in the title of a new monthly periodical, the New Age Journal, and was taken up by several thousand small metaphysical book and gift stores that increasingly defined themselves as "New Age bookstores".


In the mid 1980s, the term was further popularized by the American mass media to describe the alternative spiritual subculture, including activities all the way from meditation, channeling, reincarnation, crystals, psychic experience, to holistic health or environmentalism, or belief in anomalous phenomena, or for other “unsolved mysteries” such as UFOs, Earth mysteries and crop circles[citation needed]. By the late 1980s, a range of new publications had appeared to serve the marketplace of these ideas, including Psychic Guide Magazine (later renamed Body, Mind & Spirit), Yoga Journal, New Age Voice (a New Age music specialty magazine) and trade publications such as New Age Retailer, NaPRA ReView ("New Age Publishing and Retailers Association"), and others. For other senses of this word, see Meditation (disambiguation). ... Channeling is the communication of information to or through a physically embodied human being, from a source that is said to exist on some other level or dimension of reality than the physical, and that is not from the normal mind (or self) of the channel. ... This article is about the theological concept. ... Crystal healing is the belief that crystals have energies and properties that are able to improve health. ... Edgar Cayce (1877 – 1945) was one of the best-known American psychics of the 20th century and made many highly publicized predictions. ... Holistic health refers to a philosophy of medical care that views physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of life as closely interconnected and equally important approaches to treatment. ... The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ... Anomalous phenomena are phenomena which are observed and for which there are no suitable explanations in the context of a specific body of scientific knowledge, e. ... UFO can mean: Unidentified flying object United Future Organization, a Japanese-Brazilian electronic jazz band UFO, the rock band that previously featured Michael Schenker UFO, the Gerry Anderson TV series United Farmers of Ontario, a political party that formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 U.F.O... The term Earth Mysteries describes a multi-disciplined (holistic) approach to the study of ancient sites and landscapes (including archaeology, archaeoastronomy, and ley lines), unusual natural objects, bizarre events and phenomena, anomalous archaeological artifacts known as anachronisms (e. ... A crop circle consisting of multiple circles. ...


Diverse activities of this subculture, or subcultures, might include: participation in study or meditation groups, attendance at lectures and fairs; the purchase of books, music, or different products such as crystals or incense; healing or energy pyramids; or patronage of fortune-tellers, healers and spiritual counselors.


Key moments in raising public awareness of this subculture include the publication of Linda Goodman's best selling astrology books Sun Signs (1968) and Love Signs (1978), the October 1967 musical Hair, and its opening song "Age of Aquarius", the Harmonic Convergence organized by Jose Arguelles in Sedona, Arizona in 1987; and the wave of interest in the broadcast of Shirley MacLaine's television mini-series Out on a Limb (also 1987). This was an autobiographical account of her mid-life spiritual exploration. Also influential are the claims of channelers such as Jane Roberts (Seth) and J.Z. Knight (Ramtha), as well as revealed writings such as A Course In Miracles (Helen Schucman),[13] , The Celestine Prophecy (James Redfield),[14] Mutant Message Down Under (Marlo Morgan), Conversations with God (Neale Donald Walsch), Love Without End: Jesus Speaks by Glenda Green, and some of the writings of Deepak Chopra. Linda Goodman, (April 9th, 1925? - October 21, 1995) was a best-selling American astrologer and poet. ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... This article is about the musical. ... The Age of Aquarius (starting around the 27th century) is one of the twelve astrological ages. ... The Harmonic Convergence was a loosely-organized new age spiritual event that occurred on 1987, August 17th, when groups of people gathered in various sacred sites and mystical places all over the world to usher in a new era, a date based primarily on the Maya calendar, but also on... Jose Arguelles (b. ... Shirley MacLaine (born April 24, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actress, well-known not only for her acting, but for her devotion to her belief in reincarnation and aliens. ... Photographs of Jane Roberts on the cover of her biography by Susan Watkins Jane Roberts (May 8, 1929 – September 5, 1984) was an American author, psychic and trance medium or spirit medium who channelled a personality named Seth. ... Judy Z. Knight (born Judith Darlene Hampton on March 16, 1946, in Roswell, New Mexico) is a self-proclaimed spiritual medium as well as the CEO of JZK, Inc. ... For a town in Jordan, see Ramtha, Jordan. ... Second hardbound edition of A Course in Miracles, as published by Foundation for Inner Peace. ... Dr. Helen Schucman, scribe of: A Course In Miracles Helen Schucman, Ph. ... The Celestine Prophecy is a 1993 novel by James Redfield. ... James Redfield (b. ... Marlo Morgan (born September 1937) is the author of the controversial metaphysical international best selling book Mutant Message Down Under. ... Conversations with God (sometimes abbreviated as CwG) is a sequence of nine books written by Neale Donald Walsch. ... Neale Donald Walsch Neale Donald Walsch is an American novelist and author of the series Conversations with God. ... Glenda Green, M.A., D.D. is an American artist , academic and author. ... Deepak Chopra (Hindi: ; born October 22, 1946), an Indian medical doctor and writer, has written extensively on spirituality and diverse topics in mind-body medicine. ...


Beliefs

Quartz crystals are believed to have mystical properties by some New Age followers; see Crystal power
Quartz crystals are believed to have mystical properties by some New Age followers; see Crystal power

Recent surveys of U.S. adults indicate that around 20% of Americans hold at least some New Age beliefs.[15][3] Commons:Image:Quartz Crystal. ... Commons:Image:Quartz Crystal. ... Crystal power is a belief that crystals have healing, mystical and paranormal powers. ...


Those who categorize themselves as New Age followers have a diverse set of beliefs that differ widely across individuals, groups and locations; [1][2] an individual identified with New Age thinking may subscribe to one, some or all of these:


Teleology

  • Belief in synchronicity. A belief that coincidences have a spiritual meaning, and contain spiritual lessons to teach those that are open to them.
  • There is a cosmic goal and a belief that all entities are (willingly or unwillingly) cooperating towards this goal
  • All individuals have a purpose in life and a lesson to learn
  • This is a time of great transformation for the Earth and human consciousness. Certain dates have a special significance in these changes. The Harmonic Convergence in 1987 was one, and there are others to come in 2011 or 2012.[17][18][19]

Synchronicity is the experience of two or more events which occur in a meaningful manner, but which are causally inexplicable to the person or persons experiencing them. ... This article is about Universalism in religion and theology. ... In the contexts of sociology and of popular culture, the concept of interpersonal relationships involves social associations, connections, or affiliations between two or more people. ... For other uses, see Destiny (disambiguation). ... The Harmonic Convergence was a loosely-organized new age spiritual event that occurred on 1987, August 17th, when groups of people gathered in various sacred sites and mystical places all over the world to usher in a new era, a date based primarily on the Maya calendar, but also on... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Spiritual versus scientific knowledge

  • There exists a common core within all religions which renders dogma and religious identity irrelevant.[21]
  • Feminine forms of spirituality, including feminine images of the divine, such as the female Aeon Sophia in Gnosticism, are deprecated by patriarchal religions.[1][2]
  • Ancient civilizations such as Atlantis existed and left behind relics and monuments such as the Great Pyramid and Stonehenge, whose true nature has not been discovered by mainstream historians.
  • Certain geographic locations emanate psychic energy, and such places were considered sacred in religions throughout the world.[23]
  • Science and spirituality are ultimately harmonious. New discoveries in science, e.g. evolution and quantum mechanics, when rightly understood, point to spiritual principles.[24]

Intuition is an unconscious form of knowledge. ... In epistemology and in its broadest sense, rationalism is any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification (Lacey 286). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. ... The Annunciation - the Angel Gabriel announces to Mary that she will bear Jesus (El Greco, 1575) An angel is an ethereal being found in many religions, whose duties are to assist and serve God. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about elementals in alchemy. ... This article is about the paranormal. ... Green people redirects here. ... For the geologic time, see eon (geology). ... For the Gnostic Christians, the Sophia was a central element in their cosmological understanding of the Universe. ... For other uses, see Patriarchy (disambiguation). ... Numerology is any of many systems, traditions or beliefs in a mystical or esoteric relationship between numbers and physical objects or living things. ... Kabbala may refer to; Kabbala Village, in the Karnataka State of India Kabbalah, is a religious philosophical system claiming an insight into divine nature. ... The Parthenons facade showing an interpretation of golden rectangles in its proportions. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... For other uses, see Atlantis (disambiguation). ... The Great Pyramid of Giza, (sometimes spelled Gizeh) is the oldest and last remaining of the Seven Wonders of the World and the most famous pyramid in the world. ... For other uses, see Stonehenge (disambiguation). ... Edgar Cayce (1877 – 1945) was one of the best-known American psychics of the 20th century and made many highly publicized predictions. ... Early parapsychological research employed the use of Zener cards in experiments designed to test for possible telepathic communication. ... For other senses of this word, see Meditation (disambiguation). ... Holistic health refers to a philosophy of medical care that views physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of life as closely interconnected and equally important approaches to treatment. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ... For a less technical and generally accessible introduction to the topic, see Introduction to quantum mechanics. ...

Human potential

Rosebud and Fish, New Age bookstore in Salem, Oregon.
Rosebud and Fish, New Age bookstore in Salem, Oregon.
  • The human mind has much greater potential than that ascribed to it, and is capable of overriding physical reality;[25] the ultimate level of human potential has only been realised by a few spiritual masters
  • Children are being born today with a more highly developed spiritual power than earlier generations[26][27]
  • A certain critical mass of people with a highly spiritual consciousness will bring about a sudden change in the whole population. [29]
  • Humans have a responsibility to take part in positive creative activity and to work to heal ourselves, each other and the planet
  • Humans have potential healing powers (such as therapeutic touch) which can be developed to heal others through touch or at a distance
  • The food eaten influences the mind as well as the body. It is generally preferable to eat fresh organic vegetarian food which is locally grown and in season[30][31]
  • Fasting can help achieve higher levels of consciousness[citation needed]

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 528 pixelsFull resolution‎ (871 × 575 pixels, file size: 288 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 528 pixelsFull resolution‎ (871 × 575 pixels, file size: 288 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Nickname: Location in Marion and Polk Counties, state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Marion, Polk Founded 1842 Government  - Mayor Janet Taylor Area  - City  46. ... The Human Potential Movement came out of the social and intellectual milieu of the 1960s and was formed to promote the cultivation of extraordinary potential believed to be largely untapped in most people. ... Indigo children is a term used within the New Age movement to refer to children who are alleged to possess paranormal attributes such as the ability to read minds. ... Attitude is a key concept in social psychology. ... Affirmations are a way to control your mind. ... For other senses of this word, see Meditation (disambiguation). ... For other uses such as Yoga postures, see Yoga (disambiguation) Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Sanskrit: योग Yoga, IPA: ) is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ... Tai Chi Chüan or Taijiquan (Traditional Chinese: 太極拳; Simplified Chinese: 太极拳; pinyin: Tàijíquán; literally supreme ultimate fist), commonly known as Tai Chi, Tai Chi, or Taiji, is an internal Chinese martial art. ... A Reiki treatment in progress Reiki IPA: ) is a form of spiritual practice,[1] used as a complementary therapy,[2] proposed for the treatment of physical, emotional, and mental diseases. ... Therapeutic touch (TT) is a mostly secular variant of faith healing, started by Dolores Krieger in the early 1970s. ... Organic vegetables at a farmers market in Argentina. ... A variety of vegetarian food ingredients Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes all animal flesh, including poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, and slaughter by-products. ... Fasting is primarily the act of willingly abstaining from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time. ...

Miscellaneous

  • Rocks, crystals and energy pyramids have psychic energies that can aid meditation and healing.
  • Dreams and psychic experiences are spiritually meaningful.
  • Fairies live in nature or gardens, are generally described as human in appearance and having magical powers. Some New Age Wiccans use fairy magic for inspiration and healing.

This article is about the theological concept. ... A near-death experience (NDE) is the perception reported by a person who nearly died or who was clinically dead and revived. ... A charmstone is a mineral specimen which certain prehistoric, historic or contemporary peoples invest with healing, mystical or paranormal powers. ... by Sophie Anderson A fairy, or faery, is a creature from stories and mythology, often portrayed in art and literature as a minuscule humanoid with wings. ... For other uses, see Wicca (disambiguation). ... In the fictional Legend of Zelda series, great fairies can endow people with magic, and those endowed with fairy magic can lose and regain their magic. ...

Criticism and skepticism

Criticisms of New Age beliefs generally take one of two forms: that they lack proper scientific basis and testing, or that they violate or misappropriate the sanctity of various traditional religions, philosophies, or cultures.


Religious and spiritual criticism

Many in established religions dismiss New Age thinking as heretical, immoral and shifting without the clear guidance given by a sacred book or tradition of teaching.[33][34] [35]


Some, including neo-pagans and particularly reconstructionist groups, who are frequently labeled as New Age, often find the term inappropriate since it appears to link them with beliefs and practices they do not espouse. Others think that the classification of beliefs and movements under New Age has little added value due to the vagueness of the term. Instead, they prefer to refer directly to the individual beliefs and movements. Indeed, use by religious conservatives, scientists and others has caused the term "New Age" to sometimes have a derogatory connotation.[36][37][38] Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ... Romuva Spring JorÄ— festival in Kulionys, Lithuania in 2006. ...


Many adherents of traditional disciplines from cultures such as India, China, and elsewhere; a number of orthodox schools of Yoga, Tantra, Qigong, Chinese Medicine, Ayurveda and martial arts (the traditional Taijiquan families, for example), groups with histories reaching back many centuries in some cases, eschew the Western label New Age, seeing the movement it represents as either not fully understanding or deliberately trivializing their disciplines or outright distortions.[39] Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ... For other uses such as Yoga postures, see Yoga (disambiguation) Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Sanskrit: योग Yoga, IPA: ) is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ... This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... For the artist, see Qigong (artist). ... Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... Ayurveda (Devanagari: ) or Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient system of health care that is native to the Indian subcontinent. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Tai Chi Chuan or Taijiquan (from Chinese 太极拳 Tàijíquán, literally supreme ultimate fist), commonly known as Tai Chi or Taiji, is a nei chia (internal) Chinese martial art which is known for the claims of health and longevity benefits made by its practitioners and in some recent...

Urarina shaman, 1988
Urarina shaman, 1988

Much of the strongest criticism of New Age eclecticism has come from American Indian writers and communities. The Declaration of War Against Exploiters of Lakota Spirituality[40] is one of the strongest statements of opprobrium from traditional tribal religious leaders. Other Natives who have issued statements against "white shamanism" include Wendy Rose, Leslie Marmon Silko and Geary Hobson. A dominant Native American argument is that New Age shamans profit from tribal beliefs in a way that is fundamentally inconsistent with indigenous peoples' worldviews, while ignoring the communal aspects of indigenous peoples sacred beliefs and practices, such as among the Urarina of the Peruvian Amazon. In the US, part of the criticism leveled at the New Age movement has also been the perpetuation of Native racial stereotyping ("The Hollywood Indian"), cultural fetishism and the distortions of historic and anthropological insights into Native Americans' multiple and diverse ways of life and spirituality. This is abundantly clear when one contrasts the customary practice of ayahuasca shamanism among the Urarina with New Age shamanism (see also Noble savage). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1215x1800, 1038 KB) Summary Urarina Shaman, Photo by Bartholomew Dean Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1215x1800, 1038 KB) Summary Urarina Shaman, Photo by Bartholomew Dean Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The shaman is an intellectual and spiritual figure who is regarded as possessing power and influence on other peoples in the tribe and performs several functions, primarily that of a healer ( medicine man). The shaman provides medical care, and serves other community needs during crisis times, via supernatural means (means... For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ... Wendy Rose is a Hopi/Miwok writer. ... Leslie Marmon Silko (born Leslie Marmon on March 5, 1948 in Albuquerque, New Mexico) is a Native American writer of the Laguna Pueblo tribe, and one of the key figures in the second wave of what Kenneth Lincoln has called the Native American Renaissance. ... The shaman is an intellectual and spiritual figure who is regarded as possessing power and influence on other peoples in the tribe and performs several functions, primarily that of a healer ( medicine man). The shaman provides medical care, and serves other community needs during crisis times, via supernatural means (means... Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... A world view, also spelled as worldview is a term calqued from the German word Weltanschauung (look onto the world). The German word is also in wide use in English, as well as the translated form world outlook. ... Community is a set of people (or agents in a more abstract sense) with some shared element. ... Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... An Indigenous Peoples of the Peruvian Amazon (Loreto), they refer to themselves as Kachá (lit. ... Amazon River basin The Amazon Basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries. ... Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος = human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). ... Ayahuasca (Quechua, pronounced ) is any of various psychoactive infusions or decoctions prepared from the Banisteriopsis spp. ... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ... An Indigenous Peoples of the Peruvian Amazon (Loreto), they refer to themselves as Kachá (lit. ... A section of Benjamin Wests The Death of General Wolfe; Wests depiction of this American Indian has been considered an idealization in the tradition of the Noble savage (Fryd, 75) In the 17th century culture of Primitivism the noble savage, uncorrupted by the influences of civilization, was considered...


Adding to the wide disparity in definitions of terminologies and application of principles is the author and spiritual teacher Joseph J. Dewey [41] who is most notably known for his Immortal [42] series in which he controversially synthesizes ideas, terminologies and principles from both new age, eastern and Christian ideologies.


Some writers have identified racist bias in the movement's early Theosophical sources, especially the writings of Alice Bailey on the Jews [43] [44] [45] and comments of Rudolf Steiner on specific ethnic groups including black people, though Steiner, at least, emphasized racial equality as a principle central to anthroposophical thought and humanity's further progress. [46][47] Any racially-charged elements present in such influences have not remained part of the ongoing evolution of New Age philosophies and have either not been taken up or have been repudiated by modern members of the movement. [48] [49] Alice Ann Bailey (June 16, 1880 – December 15, 1949), known as Alice A. Bailey or AAB, was born as Alice LaTrobe Bateman, in Manchester, England, but moved to the U.S. in 1907, where she spent most of her life as a writer and teacher. ... Rudolf Steiner. ... Based on the ideas of Rudolf Steiners spiritual science, Anthroposophy (based on Greek words meaning man-wisdom) is a philosophy (or, as some opponents claim, a religion) that was born within the setting of Helena Blavatskys Theosophy movement. ... Look up Humanity, humanity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Some criticism has been levelled[citation needed] at a certain business-like ethos that has crept into certain elements of New Ageism. Some[citation needed] see true commitment to spirituality as a flight from business concerns;others disagree,as is evident from transpersonal business studies.


Rationalist and academic criticism

Adherents of scientific skepticism criticize New Age beliefs stating that one should question the veracity of all claims, and especially paranormal or extraordinary claims, unless such claims can be empirically tested. Some researchers have been unable to find strong evidence of any paranormal activity, or to find ground for new-age beliefs, and thus take issue with the use of scientific terminology, or what they call pseudo-science, to promote spiritual beliefs.[50][51] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Some authors, such as Deepak Chopra, Fritjof Capra, Fred Alan Wolf and Gary Zukav, have linked quantum mechanics to New Age thinking, to form a genre which is sometimes known as quantum mysticism, often in connection with the Law of Attraction, that is related to New Thought and revealed in the 2006 film The Secret. They have interpreted the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, quantum entanglement, wave function collapse or the many worlds interpretation, to a mean that all objects in the universe are one (monism), that possibility and existence are endless, and that the physical world is only what one believes it to be. Deepak Chopra (Hindi: ; born October 22, 1946), an Indian medical doctor and writer, has written extensively on spirituality and diverse topics in mind-body medicine. ... Dr. Fritjof Capra – photo by Kate Mount Fritjof Capra (born February 1, 1939) is an Austrian-born American physicist. ... Fred Alan Wolf (December 3, 1934– ) is a theoretical physicist (Ph. ... Gary Zukav is an American author, best known for his popular book The Seat of the Soul, published in 1989,which was listed on the New York Times best sellers list thirty-one times over three years. ... For a less technical and generally accessible introduction to the topic, see Introduction to quantum mechanics. ... In 1925, modern quantum mechanics came into being through the work of Werner Heisenberg and Erwin Schrödinger. ... For other uses, see: Laws of attraction (affinity); Laws of Attraction (movie); Laws of science (physics) The Law of Attraction is commonly associated with New Thought and New Age theories, beliefs, and practices. ... The New Thought Movement or New Thought is comprised of a loosely allied group of denominations, organizations, authors, philosophers, and individuals who share a set of metaphysical beliefs concerning healing, life force, visualization, and personal power. ... The Secret redirects here. ... In quantum physics, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, sometimes called the Heisenberg indeterminacy principle, expresses a limitation on accuracy of (nearly) simultaneous measurement of observables such as the position and the momentum of a particle. ... It has been suggested that Quantum coherence be merged into this article or section. ... In quantum mechanics, quantum decoherence is the process by which quantum systems in complex environments exhibit classical behavior. ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ... For other uses, see Universe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Monist (disambiguation). ...


Some scientists are skeptical of this broad application of quantum ideas and have criticized what they believe to be vague descriptions of the phenomena in quantum mechanics on which they are based. Researchers such as Margaret Wertheim, Heinz Pagels, Murray Gell-Mann and Victor Stenger have stated they do not agree that any evidence from quantum mechanics supports these views .[52] Margaret Wertheim is the writer and host of Faith and Reason. ... Heinz Pagels (1939 – 1988) was an American physicist who headed the New York Academy of Sciences. ... Murray Gell-Mann (born September 15, 1929 in Manhattan, New York City, USA) is an American physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles. ... Victor J. Stenger (born January 29, 1935) is emeritus professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Hawaii and adjunct professor of philosophy at the University of Colorado. ...


Ken Wilber's pre/trans fallacy view

The American writer Ken Wilber posits that much New Age thought falls into the trap of what he calls the pre/trans fallacy. A person's psychological development moves from the pre-personal, through the personal levels of development, to the transpersonal – this latter developmental milieu supposedly being the arena of the spiritually advanced or enlightened beings. According to Wilber, 80% of New Age spirituality is pre-rational (pre-conventional), that it relies primarily on mythic-magical thinking, in contrast to post-rational (includes and transcend rational) that is genuine world-centric consciousness. Ken Wilber Kenneth Earl Wilber Jr. ... Ken Wilber posits that psychological development moves from the pre-personal, through the personal levels of development, to the transpersonal - this latter developmental milieu supposedly being the arena of the spiritually advanced and enlightened individuals. ...


Wilber maintains that this model is in conflict with simpler two-stage models of psychological development (be they from personal to transpersonal levels or the more mainstream view of pre-personal to personal levels). Uncritical use of a two-stage model of psycho-spiritual development can lead to one or both of the version of the 'pre/trans fallacy': either mistaking pre-personal material as spiritual (the elevationist fallacy), or mistaking the transpersonal for pre-personal (the reductionalist fallacy).


Underlying assumptions

Millenarianism

Judging by its name, the New Age movement ought to involve millenarian claims, perhaps of a glorious future age which is about to begin.[53][54] As such it could theoretically be traced back to the time of Zoroaster, or to biblical apocalypticism. While such expectations are encountered often enough—e.g., the dawning of the Age of Aquarius, pole shifts and paradigm shifts, the imminent end of the Mayan calendar—the predominant themes of the New Age are mystical rather than apocalyptic. Hence the widespread interest within this subculture in the mystical traditions within the world’s various religions, especially Vedanta, Tibetan Buddhism, Zen, Sufism, Zoroastrianism, Taoism, Shamanism, Kabbalah, Gnosticism, and Esoteric Christianity. Millenarianism or millenarism is the belief by a religious, social, or political group or movement in a coming major transformation of society after which all things will be changed in a positive (or sometimes negative or ambiguous) direction. ... Zoroaster (Greek Ζωροάστρης, ZōroastrÄ“s) or Zarathustra (Avestan: ZaraθuÅ¡tra), also referred to as Zartosht (Persian: ; Kurdish: ), was an ancient Iranian prophet and religious poet. ... Apocalypticism is a worldview based on the idea that important matters are esoteric in nature (hidden) and they will soon be revealed in a major confrontation of earth-shaking magnitude that will change the course of history. ... The Age of Aquarius (starting around the 27th century) is one of the twelve astrological ages. ... Paradigm shift is the term first used by Thomas Kuhn in his 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions to describe a change in basic assumptions within the ruling theory of science. ... The Maya calendar is a system of complex and highly developed calendars created by the Maya Civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. ... Mysticism (ancient Greek mysticon = secret) is meditation, prayer, or theology focused on the direct experience of union with divinity, God, or Ultimate Reality, or the belief that such experience is a genuine and important source of knowledge. ... For other uses, see Vedanta (disambiguation). ... Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Divine love and the cultivation of the elements of the Divine within the individual human being. ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... Taoism (or Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical traditions and concepts. ... This article is about the practice of shamanism; for other uses, see Shaman (disambiguation). ... This article is about traditional Jewish Kabbalah. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... In fashion then as of a snow-white rose Displayed itself to me the saintly host, Whom Christ in his own blood had made his bride - The Divine Comedy, Paradiso, Canto XXXI “Esoteric Christianity” is a term which refers to an ensemble of spiritual currents which regard Christianity as a...


Syncretism

Much of New Age thought is syncretic in nature and has roots as a counter-cultural phenomenon. Thus New Age adherents tend to emphasize a relativist approach to truth, often referring to the Vedic statement of "one truth, but many paths," the mainstay of Hinduism, which idea is also found in the later Zen Buddhist spiritual dictum of "many paths, one mountain". This belief is not only an assertion of personal choice in spiritual matters, but also an assertion that truth itself is defined by the individual and his or her experience of it.[55] Globalization was and still is an important social phenomenon of the 20th and early 21st centuries, with religious syncretism inevitably being one consequence. New Age religious developments are eclectic, hence multifarious. Some synthesize Christian ideas with beliefs involving many gods or goddesses, pantheism, include aliens, reincarnation, or the use of drugs, together with other spiritual beliefs from different parts of the world. Likewise, the movement may incorporate differing beliefs about, or attempts to practice, magic.[citation needed] Syncretism is the attempt to reconcile disparate, even opposing, beliefs and to meld practices of various schools of thought. ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... Puxi side of Shanghai, China. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Pantheism (Greek: πάν ( pan ) = all and θεός ( theos ) = God) literally means God is All and All is God. It is the view that everything is of an all-encompassing immanent abstract God; or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent. ... This article is about the theological concept. ... An assortment of psychoactive drugs A psychoactive drug or psychotropic substance is a chemical substance that acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness and behavior. ... Not to be confused with Magic (illusion). ...


Though many New Age terms are associated with Eastern religions, they should not be considered as being identical with the concepts and practices of those religions. Ancient traditions such as Hinduism, Taoism, and Buddhism can hardly be referred to as New Age religions. It just so happens that the New Age movement has 'adopted' many of the ideas of eastern religions, incorporated them into their own beliefs and practices. The gnostic approach of experiential insight and revelation of truth may be closest to the New Age methodology of prayers and spirituality. Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Taoism (or Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical traditions and concepts. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... Gnosticism is a blanket term for various religions and sects most prominent in the first few centuries A.D. General characteristics The word gnosticism comes from the Greek word for knowledge, gnosis (γνῶσις), referring to the idea that there is special, hidden mysticism (esoteric knowledge) that only a few possess. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ...


Relativism

In keeping with a relativist stance, New Agers believe they do not contradict traditional belief systems, but rather some of them say that they are concerned with the ultimate truths contained within those systems, separating these truths from false tradition and dogma. On the other hand, adherents of other religions often claim that the New Age movement has a vague or superficial understanding of these religious concepts, leaving out that which may seem "negative" or contradict contemporary Western values and that New Age attempts at religious syncretism are vague and self-contradictory.[56] For the physics theory with a similar name, see Theory of Relativity. ... For other senses of this word, see dogma (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


This relativism is not merely a spiritual relativism, but also extends to physical theories. Reality is considered largely from an experiential and subjective mode. Many New Age phenomena are not expected to be repeatable in the scientific sense, since they are presumed to be apparent only to the receptive mind; for example, telepathy may not be achievable by a skeptical mind, since a skeptical mind is not pre-conditioned to expect the phenomenon to exist.[25]


Mysticism

The New Age worldview typically involves a mysticism-based view of describing and controlling the external world; for example, one might believe that tarot card reading works because of the "interconnectedness principle", rather than regarding the success (or failure) of tarot card reading as evidence of the interconnectedness principle. However, many adherents of the New Age movement have used various scientific tests, to varying success, to prove that they work[citation needed]. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the general history, iconography, and uses of tarot cards. ...


Magical thinking

Some New Age practices and beliefs could make use of what British anthropologist Sir James George Frazer termed magical thinking, in The Golden Bough (1890). Common examples are the principle that objects once in contact maintain a practical link, or that objects that have similar properties exert an effect on each other.[57] Another example of magical thinking is the belief that because two events coincide, they must be connected, such as thinking of a friend followed by said friend calling. Sir James George Frazer (January 1, 1854 - May 7, 1941), a social anthropologist influential in the early stages of the modern studies of mythology and comparative religion, was born in Glasgow, Scotland. ... In psychology and cognitive science, magical thinking is non-scientific causal reasoning (e. ... The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion is a wide-ranging comparative study of mythology and religion, written by Scottish anthropologist Sir James George Frazer (1854–1941). ...


Postmodernism

The emphasis on subjective knowledge and experience is a connection between New Age beliefs and postmodernism. The shift to a feeling of control over one's expression of spirituality reflects a trend towards personal responsibility, as well as personal empowerment. Its populist origins help characterize the New Age approach. This emphasizes an individual's choice in spiritual matters; the role of personal intuition and experience over societally sanctioned expert opinion and an experiential definition of reality.[58] This does not mean, however, that its members necessarily become free individuals. There may be as much peer-group conformity on the fringe as there is in mainstream society. Postmodernism is a term applied to a wide-ranging set of developments in critical theory, philosophy, architecture, art, literature, and culture, which are generally characterized as either emerging from, in reaction to, or superseding, modernism. ...


Holism

A belief in a coherent, interconnected cosmos across space and time. Some believe the interconnection is due to the interpenetration of consciousness and material reality[59] and that a record is maintained of all events (such as the Akashic Records or a morphic field) The Akashic Records (Akasha is a Sanskrit word meaning sky, space or aether) are said to be a collection of mystical knowledge that is stored in the aether; i. ... A morphic field (a term introduced by Rupert Sheldrake, the major proponent of this concept, through his Hypothesis of Formative Causation) is described as consisting of patterns that govern the development of forms, structures and arrangements. ...


Terminology

Many New Agers revere ancient sites, such as Stonehenge, above, as having a special "energy".
Many New Agers revere ancient sites, such as Stonehenge, above, as having a special "energy".
  • Forces. It is commonly held that there exist certain forces, independent of spiritual beings or agencies, and also distinct from forces as defined by science (e.g., gravitation, electro-magnetism, etc.). These forces are elemental in nature; and are held to operate in an automatic fashion as part of the natural order (for example, the force which causes seeds to sprout, grow, and bloom).
  • Power. The "forces", and everything else, are energized by a mystical power that exists in varying degrees in all things. Power is transferable, through physical contact, sensory perception, or mere proximity. Power may be accumulated or depleted in a person or object through a variety of mechanisms, including fate and esoteric practices. This power is held to be physically observable as "auras" and "psi energy"; and when encountered in great concentration, may even be dangerous.
  • Energy. In some belief systems, "forces" and "power" may seem to merge; e.g., in the concept of "vital force" that exists in so many traditional belief systems, and finds its expression in New Age concepts such as the "energies" in Therapeutic Touch or Reiki and ideas of flowing streams of power in Earth, like "leylines" in Britain and Europe and earth energies addressed in the Chinese geomantic system of feng shui.
  • Spirit. All beings (particularly sentient beings) are accompanied by a specific, intentional "energy" which corresponds to their consciousness, but is in some way independent of their corporeal existence. This energy typically is more primary than the physical entity, in the sense that it remains in some form after the physical death of that being.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3072x2304, 1140 KB) Summary Photo that I took on November 26, 2005, during a walking tour of Stonehenge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3072x2304, 1140 KB) Summary Photo that I took on November 26, 2005, during a walking tour of Stonehenge. ... For other uses, see Stonehenge (disambiguation). ... Energy in spirituality, refers to a widespread belief in an interpersonal forces that are not recognized by scientists engaged in physical sciences. ... Black and white Kirlian photo of a fingertip. ... Energy in spirituality, refers to a widespread belief in an interpersonal forces that are not recognized by scientists engaged in physical sciences. ... Vitalism is the doctrine that vital forces are active in living organisms, so that life cannot be explained solely by mechanism. ...

New Age approaches to medicine

Main article: Alternative medicine

New Agers may use alternative medicine in addition to, or in place of, relying on traditional medicine.[60] Possible techniques seen as compatible with the New Age perspective include:[61][62] Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Alternative medicine has been described as any of various systems of healing or treating disease (as chiropractic, homeopathy, or faith healing) not included in the traditional medical curricula taught in the United States and Britain.[1] Alternative medicine practices are often based in belief systems not derived from modern science. ... Alternative medicine has been described as any of various systems of healing or treating disease (as chiropractic, homeopathy, or faith healing) not included in the traditional medical curricula taught in the United States and Britain.[1] Alternative medicine practices are often based in belief systems not derived from modern science. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ...

Louise Hay has published New Age books regarding the belief that illnesses have a metaphysical origin and can be treated by an evaluation of emotional and spiritual attitudes (a similar belief is held by members of the Church of Christ, Scientist). Hay's books feature lists of diseases and the associated negative belief, accompanied by the correcting positive belief which can be sought by repeating the correcting positive affirmation. The intent is to empower the individual to change their thinking and therefore change the condition. Ayurveda (Devanagari: ) or Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient system of health care that is native to the Indian subcontinent. ... Homeopathic remedy Rhus toxicodendron, derived from poison ivy. ... Rebirthing is a branch of alternative medicine which postulates that human birth is a traumatic event (see birth trauma) and that a discipline consisting of a combination of connected breathing techniques, relaxation and focused awareness can have therapeutic benefits. ... Reparenting is a therapy concerned with healing the inner child. It involves treating problems caused by neglect, criticism, or sexual abuse from parents, and uses a range of methods involving self affirmations, anger workouts, self forgiveness, and letting go of shame and guilt. ... Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... This article is about the plants used in cooking and medicine. ... // Past Life Therapy (PLT) utilizing clinical hypnotherapy/ de-hypnosis claims to allow unconscious experiences from past life traumas or emotionally charged events to become fully conscious. ... Primal Therapy is a trauma-based psychotherapy created by Arthur Janov, Ph. ... Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) is a field of human endeavor concerned with empirically studying and modeling human performance and excellence, with the goal of creating transferable skill sets. ... The Feldenkrais Method is an educational system intended to give a greater functional awareness of the self. ... Iridology, also known as iridodiagnosis[1], is an alternative medicine practice in which patterns, colors, and other characteristics of the iris are examined for information about a patients systemic health. ... Black and white Kirlian photo of a fingertip. ... Crystal healing is the belief that crystals have energies and properties that are able to improve health. ... Holistic health is a philosophy which promotes wholeness over the reductionism and dualism of conventional Western medicine. ... Louise Hay (1926- ) is the American bestselling author of Heal Your Body and She attended the Church of Religious Science in New York city in the early 1970s and became a popular counselor. ... Plato (Left) and Aristotle (right), by Raphael (Stanza della Segnatura, Rome) Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the ultimate nature of reality, being, and the world. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... For other uses, see Affirmation (disambiguation). ...


Some branches of New Age medicine focus on holistic health of patients, rather than the symptomatic and allopathic focus of conventional Western medicine.[citation needed] Some conventional physicians have embraced aspects of or the complete approach of holistic medicine.[citation needed] Holistic health refers to a philosophy of medical care that views physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of life as closely interconnected and equally important approaches to treatment. ... The term symptom (from the Greek meaning chance, mishap or casualty, itself derived from συμπιπτω meaning to fall upon or to happen to) has two similar meanings in the context of physical and mental health: Strictly, a symptom is a sensation or change in health function experienced by a patient. ... Allopathic medicine is the name given by Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy, to the methods of his medical foes. ... See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that are used to treat patients. ... For other uses, see Doctor. ...


Controversy regarding alternative medicine

Some scientific professionals question the efficacy of the methods of "alternative or complementary medicine," and some writers have referred to these methods as quackery (Norcross et al 2006;Singer and Lalich 1996)). There are increasing numbers of double blind tests of alternative medicine methods but such testing has rarely resulted in corroborating results. However, it is difficult to apply double-blind testing methods to some alternative medicine techniques because in many of these techniques, the relationship with the practitioner is part of the process, and that relationship cannot be practically "blinded" in a testing protocol. See the main article on Alternative medicine for a deeper discussion of these points. Pietro Longhi: The Charlatan, 1757 Quackery is a derogatory term used to describe unscientific medical practices. ... The Double blind method is an important part of the scientific method, used to prevent research outcomes from being influenced by the placebo effect or observer bias. ... Alternative medicine has been described as any of various systems of healing or treating disease (as chiropractic, homeopathy, or faith healing) not included in the traditional medical curricula taught in the United States and Britain.[1] Alternative medicine practices are often based in belief systems not derived from modern science. ...


Skeptics of the New Age approach to medicine point out it is possible that direct harm can result from a treatment such as acupuncture (bruising, dizziness, infection),[citation needed] from poorly prescribed herbal medicine or from an untrained person self-administering herbal medicines. Indirect harm may result when a patient declines proven scientific treatment in favor of unproven alternative treatments and thereby misses the benefit that may have accrued from the mainstream treatment.[63]


Critics of New Age medicine state that without scientific testing, it is not possible to determine which techniques, medicinal herbs, and lifestyle changes may contribute to increased health and which treatments have no effect or may be dangerous. In 2005, the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland began a program of research to determine which alternative medicine practices may be useful in support of conventional medical practice.[citation needed]


New Age Music

Main article: New Age music

New Age music is peaceful music of various styles that is intended to make people feel good when they hear it. When it first started in the early 1970s it was mostly instrumental, and there were both acoustic and electronic kinds. Over the years, many more styles of New Age music appeared with the advent of less expensive equipment; now there is everything from spacey electronic kinds, to acoustic instrumentals using western instruments, to spiritual chanting from other cultures, like Kirtan with Sanskrit lyrics, or Native American flutes and drums. New Age music is a style of music originally associated with some New Age beliefs. ...


This music has its roots in the 1970s with the works of such free-form jazz groups recording on the ECM label as Oregon, the Paul Winter Group, and other pre-ambient bands; as well as ambient performers such as Brian Eno. The Greek artist Yanni, one of the "superstars" of the New Age genre, relies heavily on synthesizers and instrumental "world music" sounds. Enya, although claiming her music is not of this genre, has won a New Age Grammy for her music which utilizes vocals in a variety of languages, including Latin. ECM (Edition of Contemporary Music) is a record label founded in Munich, Germany in 1969 by Manfred Eicher. ... Ambient music refers to a kind of music that envelops the listener without drawing attention to itself [1] // The term ambient music was first coined by Brian Eno in the mid-1970s to refer to music that can be either actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Yanni (born Yiannis Chrysomallis, Greek: Γιάννης Χρυσομάλλης, on November 14, 1954) is a Greek keyboardist and composer. ... For the letter Ñ pronounced Enye, see Ñ. Enya (born Eithne Patricia Ní Bhraonáin[4] on 17 May 1961, Gaoth Dobhair, County Donegal, Ireland), sometimes presented in the media as Enya Brennan, is an Irish singer and songwriter. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


New Age music attempts to offer vision of a better future[64], expresses an appreciation of goodness and beauty, even an anticipation of some event. Rarely does New Age music dwell on a problem with this world or its inhabitants; instead it offers a peaceful vision of a better world. Often the music is celestial, when the title names stars or deep space explorations. Some new age music albums come with liner notes encouraging the music's use in meditation, and many albums have been recorded with specific design for this purpose. Studies have determined that new age music is an effective component of stress management programs.[65] A cluttered environment with too many tasks can lead to stress. ...


LOHAS ("Lifestyle of Health and Sustainability") Demographic

People who embrace "New Age" lifestyle and/or beliefs are included in the LOHAS ("Lifestyle of Health and Sustainability") demographic market segment, currently in a growth phase, related to sustainable living, so-called "green" ecological initiatives, and generally composed of a relatively affluent and well-educated population segment. The LOHAS market segment in year 2006 was estimated at $300 billion, approximately 30% of the USA consumer market.[66] [67] According to the New York Times, a study by the Natural Marketing Institute showed that in 2000, 68 million Americans were included within the LOHAS demographic. Author Paul H. Ray, who coined the term "Cultural Creatives" in his book by the same name, explaines that "What you're seeing is a demand for products of equal quality that are also virtuous".[68][69] LOHAS is an acronym for Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability - a $227 billion market segment in the U.S. alone but worldwide in its extent. ... A Market segment is a subgroup of people or organizations sharing one or more characteristics that cause them to have similar product needs. ... Sustainable living might best be defined as a lifestyle that could, hypothetically, be sustained unmodified for many generations without exhausting any natural resources. ... Cultural Creatives is a term coined by sociologist Paul H. Ray and psychologist Sherry Ruth Anderson to describe a large segment in Western society that has recently developed beyond the standard paradigm of Modernists versus Traditionalists or Conservatists. ...


See also

This page is a List of New Age topics which is too extensive to include in the main article on the New Age. ... A new religious movement or NRM is a term used to refer to a religious faith, or an ethical, spiritual or philosophical movement of recent origin that isnt part of an established denomination, church, or religious body. ... New Age Communities are places where, intentionally or accidentally, communities have grown up where there are significant numbers of people with New Age beliefs in the same area. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g New Age Transformed J Gordon Melton, Director Institute for the Study of American Religion - Accessed June 2006
  2. ^ a b c d e f What Is “New Age? Michael D. Langone, Ph.D. Cult Observer, 1993, Volume 10, No. 1- Accessed July 2006
  3. ^ a b c New Age Spirituality a.k.a. Self-spirituality, New spirituality, Mind-body-spirit by Author: B.A. Robinson of Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Last update: 2006-OCT-01. Accessed March 2007.
  4. ^ The Mind, Body Spirit Festival has run event in the UK since 1977. Accessed Dec 2006.
  5. ^ International Listing of New Age Shows, Expos & Exhibitions at www.equinoxastrology.com. Accessed Dec 2006.
  6. ^ Radical Middle Newsletter New World Alliance New Age political movement - Accessed July 2006
  7. ^ History of the New Age periodical, Brown University, Modernist Journals Project
  8. ^ Modernism In and Beyond the “Little Magazines”, Winter 2007, Professor Ann Ardis, Brown University
  9. ^ The New Age in Encyclopedia Britannica article on Orage
  10. ^ Modernist Journals Project Has Grant to Digitize Rare Magazines Brown University Press Releases, April 19, 2007
  11. ^ Alan Kardec - Spirit Writings Accessed July 2006.
  12. ^ New Age Files includes a comprehensive timeline, and information from 1800 to the present day. Accessed July 2006
  13. ^ A Course in Miracles Claims to be a complete self-study spiritual thought system. - Accessed July 2006
  14. ^ The Celestine Prophect webpage Believes is that there is a growing worldwide interest in spirituality that is creating a new spiritual awareness and culture that will flourish in the new millennium. Accessed July 2006
  15. ^ Barnia, George (1996). religioustolerance.org The Index of Leading Spiritual Indicators. Dallas TX: Word Publishing. 
  16. ^ Only God Exists. Retrieved on 2006-07-01.
  17. ^ Network 2012. Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  18. ^ Children of Light (2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  19. ^ Nvisible. Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  20. ^ Ascended Masters Research Center. Retrieved on 2001-07-01.
  21. ^ [www.sacred-texts.com/chr/agjc/index.htm The Aquarian Gospel of Jesus Christ].
  22. ^ Kabbalah - Judaism's Way Into The New Age.
  23. ^ Witcombe, Christopher L. C. E.. Sacred Places. Retrieved on 2006-07-01.
  24. ^ Quantum Interconnectedness. Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  25. ^ a b Reality Shifters news.
  26. ^ CNN News interview with Sandy Bershad, an Indigo Child (2005-11-15). Retrieved on 2006-10-01.
  27. ^ Indigo Children - Crystalline Children (2002-06-04). Retrieved on 2006-10-01.
  28. ^ Supercharged Affirmations The Salem New Age Center, Salem Massachusetts USA . Accessed August 2007.
  29. ^ Carroll, Robert Todd (2005). The Hundredth Monkey Phenomenon. Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  30. ^ Heindel, Max (1968). New age Vegetarian Cookbook. Rosicrucian Fellowship. OCLC 4971259
  31. ^ Max, Peter (1971). The Peter Max new age organic vegetarian cookbook. Pyramid Communications.  OCLC 267219
  32. ^ Reincarnation and NDE Research. Retrieved on 2006-10-01.
  33. ^ [http://www.inplainsite.org/html/relativism.html In Plain SiteRelativism Is it "absolutely" true that there is no "absolute" truth? In Plain Site], Christian view of Relativism. Accessed December 2006.
  34. ^ Jews for Morality The New Age Movement: Reversion to Paganism. How the New Age Movement undermines the very foundations of a moral society. By Mayer Adani. 31 Aug. 2001 Accessed December 2006
  35. ^ * A Christian reflection on the New Age
  36. ^ Watchman Fellowship, a ministry of Christian Discernment. Accessed July 2006
  37. ^ New Age: False Religion - Islamic criticism Accessed July 2006
  38. ^ *A Catholic Christian Reflection on the New Age Accessed July 2006
  39. ^ New Age vs. Vedic tradition Accessed July 2006
  40. ^ Declaration of War Against Exploiters of Lakota Spirituality - Accessed July 2006
  41. ^ About JJ Dewey-The Keys Of Knowledge and FreeRead
  42. ^ Immortal
  43. ^ Newman, Hannah. The Rainbow Swastika , A Report To The Jewish People, About New Age Antisemitism. See Section 5. New Age Leaders Commenting on the Nazi Experiment. Philologos Religious Online Books. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  44. ^ Gershom, Rabbi Yonassan (1997, revised 2005). Antisemitic Stereotypes in Alice Bailey's Writings. Rabbi Gershom Website. Retrieved on 2007-04-11.
  45. ^ Shnirelman, Victor A. Russian Neo-pagan Myths and Antisemitism in Acta no. 13, Analysis of Current Trends in Antisemitism. The Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. 1998. Retrieved 2007-08-22
  46. ^ Hansson, Professor Sven Ove (2002). The racial Teachings of Rudolf Steiner. SkepticReport. Retrieved on 2007-04-11.
  47. ^ Anthroposophie und die Rassismus-Vorwürfe, ISBN 978-3-924391-24-9, p. 309ff
  48. ^ Kerkvliet, Von Gerard. Commission on "Anthroposophy and the Question of Race". Anthroposophical Society in The Netherlands. Retrieved on 2007-09-22.
  49. ^ Position Statement on Diversity. The General Council of the Anthroposophical Society in America (1998). Retrieved on 2007-04-12. “We explicitly reject any racial theory that may be construed to be part of Rudolf Steiner's writings. The Anthroposophical Society in America is an open, public society and it rejects any purported spiritual or scientific theory on the basis of which the alleged superiority of one race is justified at the expense of another race.”
  50. ^ A New Ager's path to becoming a skeptic Accessed July 2006
  51. ^ Dutch skeptic website with articles and links to criticism of a range of New Age topics Accessed July 2006
  52. ^ Qunatum Quackery by Victor Stenger Article in Skeptical Inquirer magazine , January/February 1997 . Accessed March 2007
  53. ^ The Sleeper Awakens onlygodexists.org 2006 Accessed June 2006
  54. ^ The Aquarian Age - Rosicrucian Fellowship Accessed July 2006
  55. ^ Religious Tolerance.org by Author: B.A. Robinson of Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Last update: 2006-OCT-01. Accessed March 2007.
    "Since all is God, then only one reality exists, and all religions are simply different paths to that ultimate reality. The universal religion can be visualized as a mountain, with many sadhanas (spiritual paths) to the summit."
  56. ^ The New Age Movement Probe Ministries, Kerby Anderson. "A final major tenet is moral relativism. New Agers think in terms of gray, rather than black or white. Denying the law of non- contradiction, New Agers will often believe that two conflicting statements can both be true." Accessed February 2007.
  57. ^ Magical thinking, Sleeping with Extra-Terrestrials: The Rise of Irrationalism and Perils of Piety by Wendy Kaminer. New York: Pantheon, 1999. Review in Issues in Science and Technology , accessed December 2006
  58. ^ Postmodernism and new age unreason Skeptical Inquirer, May-June, 1995 by George Englebretsen. Accessed December 2006.
  59. ^ Dr Michael Sharp. The Book of Light: The Nature of God, the Structure of Consciousness, and the Universe Within You. Avatar Publications. ISBN 0-9738555-2-5. 
  60. ^ National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Retrieved on 2006-06-01.
  61. ^ Lilienfeld, Scott O. (2002). "Criticism of New Age techniques in mental health practise". The Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice 1 (1).
  62. ^ Alcock, James (1999). "Alternative medicine and the psychology of belief". The Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine 3 (2).
  63. ^ Lilienfeld, S.O. (2002). "The Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice: Our raison d'etre". Sci Rev Ment Health Pract 1 (1): 5-10.
  64. ^ Friendly Lion (2008)New Age Music CDs
  65. ^ Lehrer, Paul M.; David H. (FRW) Barlow, Robert L. Woolfolk, Wesley E. Sime (2007). Principles and Practice of Stress Management, Third Edition, p46-47. ISBN 159385000X. 
  66. ^ Cohen, Maurie J. (January 2007). "Consumer credit, household financial management, and sustainable consumption". International Journal of Consumer Studies (Volume 31 Issue 1): Page 57-65. doi:10.1111/j.1470-6431.2005.00485.x.
  67. ^ Halweil, Brianink =; Lisa Mastny, Erik Assadourian, Linda Starke, Worldwatch Institute (2004). State of the World 2004: A Worldwatch Institute Report on Progress Toward a Sustainable Society. W. W. Norton & Company, 167. ISBN 0393325393. 
  68. ^ Cortese, Amy. "They Care About the World (and They Shop, Too)", Business Section, New York Times, July 20, 2003. 
  69. ^ Everage, Laura. "Understanding the LOHAS Lifestyle", Gourmet Retailer Magazine, Nielsen Business Media, October 1, 2002. 

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External links

General

  • New Age at the Open Directory Project
  • Religious Tolerance.org, has a list of academic references and survey sources
  • New Age articles

The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...

New Age critics

  • Magical Thinking in Complementary and Alternative Medicine at the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry formerly CSICOP.
  • Jesus Christ The Bearer of the Water of Life- A Christian reflection on the “New Age” at the Vatican website.
The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI), formerly known as the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) is a U.S. nonprofit organization whose stated purpose is to encourage the critical investigation of paranormal and fringe-science claims from a responsible, scientific point of view and... Below are words that designate a set or subset of beliefs. ... Acosmism, in contrast to pantheism, denies the reality of the universe, seeing it as ultimately illusory, (the prefix a- in Greek meaning negation; like un- in English), and only the infinite unmanifest Absolute as real. ... Agnosticism (from the Greek a, meaning without, and gnosticism or gnosis, meaning knowledge) is the philosophical view that the truth value of certain claims—particularly metaphysical claims regarding theology, afterlife or the existence of God, gods, deities, or even ultimate reality—is unknown or, depending on the form of agnosticism... The term Animism is derived from the Latin anima, meaning soul.[1][2] In its most general sense, animism is simply the belief in souls. ... Antireligion is opposition to some or all religions in some or all contexts. ... Atheist redirects here. ... For other uses, see Ceremonial Deism. ... This article is about the general notion of determinism in philosophy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up Esotericism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article discusses Humanism as a non-theistic life stance. ... In philosophical debates about free will and determinism, libertarianism is generally held to be the combination of the following beliefs: that free will is incompatible with determinism that human beings do possess free will, and that determinism is false All libertarians subscribe to the philosophy of incompatibilism which states that... For other uses, see Monist (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The New Thought Movement or New Thought is comprised of a loosely allied group of denominations, organizations, authors, philosophers, and individuals who share a set of metaphysical beliefs concerning healing, life force, visualization, and personal power. ... The term nondual is a literal translation of the Sanskrit term advaita, (meaning not two). ... Theism is the belief in the existence of one or more divinities or deities. ... Thelema is the English transliteration of the Ancient Greek noun : will, from the verb θέλω: to will, wish, purpose. ... Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... In religion, transcendence is a condition or state of being that surpasses, and is independent of, physical existence. ... Below are words that designate a set or subset of beliefs. ... Image File history File links Portal. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
New Age - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5573 words)
New Age shares with many major world religions the idea that intuition or "divine guidance" is a more appropriate guide than rationalism, skepticism, or the scientific method.
Thus New Age adherents tend to emphasize a relativist approach to truth, often referring to the Vedic statement of "one truth, but many paths," the mainstay of Hinduism, which idea is also found in the later Zen Buddhist spiritual dictum of "many paths, one mountain".
Many New Age phenomena are not expected to be repeatable in the scientific sense, since they are presumed to be apparent only to the receptive mind; for example, telepathy may not be achievable by a skeptical mind, since a skeptical mind is not pre-conditioned to expect the phenomenon to exist.
Religious Movements Homepage: Gordon Melton on New Age (8327 words)
Whatever the mechanism of its arrival, the New Age transformation of the whole society would be heralded by the personal transformation of individuals and their adoption of a life-style of continued transformation into a total spiritual being.
New Age literature has abundant examples of such healings, and the stories follow much the same spectrum from the mundane to the spectacular that are found in Roman Catholic and Pentecostal literature.
Through the 1990s, what was called the New Age Movement in the 1980s made a transition from the premillennial vision of an imminent golden age of peace and light to a postmillennial vision of a small group of people operating as the harbinger of the future evolution or Ascension of humanity into a higher life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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