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Encyclopedia > Nevers

Commune of Nevers

Place de la République in Nevers
Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 459 KB) Description: Place de la Repulique in Nevers Source: self-made, 21. ...

Location
Coordinates 46° 59' 36" N 03° 09' 26" E
Administration
Country France
Region Bourgogne
Department Nièvre (préfecture)
Arrondissement Nevers
Canton Chief town of 4 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté d'agglomération Val de Loire - Val de Nièvre
Mayor Didier Boulaud
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Altitude 167 m–238 m
(avg. 180 m)
Land area¹ 17.33 km²
Population²
(2004)
43,082
 - Density 2,486/km² (2004)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 58194/ 58000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France
Palais Ducal
Palais Ducal

Nevers (Latin: Noviodunum, later Nevirnum and Nebirnum) is a commune of central France, the préfecture (capital) of the Nièvre département, in the former province of Nivernais. Nevers is located 260 km S.S.E. of Paris. Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Yonne Côte-dOr Nièvre Saône-et-Loire Arrondissements 15 Cantons 174 Communes 2,045 Statistics Land area1 31,582 km² Population (Ranked 16th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Nièvre is a département in the center of France named after the Nièvre River. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The arrondissement of Nevers is an arrondissement of France, located in the Nièvre département, in the Bourgogne région. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Rio de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 592 pixelsFull resolution (2778 × 2057 pixels, file size: 776 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 592 pixelsFull resolution (2778 × 2057 pixels, file size: 776 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... Nièvre is a département in the center of France named after the Nièvre River. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... The Kingdom of France was organised into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... Nevers is a commune of central France, the préfecture (capital) of the Nièvre département, in the former province of Nivernais. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...

Contents

History

Nevers first enters written history as Noviodunum, a town held by the Aedui at Roman contact. The quantities of medals and other Roman antiquities found on the site indicate the importance of the place, and in 52 BCE, Julius Caesar made Noviodunum, which he describes as in a convenient position on the banks of the Loire, a depot (B. G. vii. 55). He had his hostages there, corn, his military chest, with the money in it allowed him from home for the war, his own and his army's baggage, and a great number of horses which had been bought for him in Spain and Italy. After his failure before Gergovia, the Aedui at Noviodunum massacred those who were there to look after stores, the negotiatores, and the travellers who were in the place. They divided the money and the horses among themselves, carried off in boats all the corn that they could, and burnt the rest or threw it into the river. Thinking they could not hold the town, they burnt it. This was a great loss to Caesar; and it may seem that he was imprudent in leaving such great stores in the power of treacherous allies. But he was in straits during this year, and probably he could not do otherwise than he did. Dio Cassius (xl. 38) tells the story out of Caesar of the affair of Noviodunum. He states incorrectly what Caesar did on the occasion, and he shows that he neither understood his original, nor knew what he was writing about. A map of Gaul in the 1st century BC, showing the relative position of the Aedui tribe. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC - 50s BC - 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC Years: 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... The Battle of Gergovia took place in 52 BC at Gergovia (modern Gergovie), the chief town of the Arverni, situated on a hill in the Auvergne, about eight miles from the Puy de Dome, France. ... Dio Cassius Cocceianus (c. ...


The city's name was later called Nevirnum, as the name appears in the Antonine Itinerary. In the Tabula Peutingeriana, it is corrupted into Ebrinum. In still other sources the name appears as Nebirnum. The Antonine Itinerary is a Latin document that can be described as the Road Map of Roman Britain. ... The Tabula Peutingeriana (Peutinger table) is an itinerarium showing the cursus publicus, the road network in the Roman Empire. ...


It became the seat of a bishopric at the end of the 5th century. The county dates at least from the beginning of the 10th century. The citizens of Nevers obtained charters in 1194 and in 1231. For a short time in the 14th century the town was the seat of a university, transferred from Orléans, to which it was restored. This is a list of the counts of Nevers. ... Orléans (Latin, meaning golden) is a city and commune in north-central France, about 130 km (80 miles) southwest of Paris. ...


Geography

Nevers is situated on the slope of a hill on the right bank of the Loire River at its confluence with the Nièvre River. The Loire River (pronounced in French), the longest river in France with a length of just over 1000 km, drains an area of 117,000 km², more than a fifth of France. ...


Main sights

Narrow winding streets lead from the quay through the town where there are numerous old houses of the 14th to the 17th centuries.


Among the ecclesiastical buildings the most important is the Cathédrale of Saint Cyr-Sainte Julitte, dedicated to Saint Quiricus and Saint Julietta, which is a combination of two buildings, and possesses two apses. The apse and transept at the west end are the remains of a Romanesque church, while the nave and eastern apse are in the Gothic style and belong to the 14th century. There is no transept at the eastern end. The lateral portal on the south side belongs to the late 15th century; the massive and elaborately decorated tower which rises beside it to the early 16th century. The Cathédrale Saint-Cyr-et-Sainte-Julitte de Nevers is a French national monument located in the town of Nevers. ... Saint Julietta (Julitta) and her son Saint Quiricus (also known as Cyriacus, Qyriacus, Ciricus, Kerykos and Cyr) were martyred in AD 304 in Tarsus. ... This article is about an architectural feature; for the astronomical term see apsis. ...


The church of Saint Etienne is a specimen of the Romanesque style of Auvergne of which the disposition of the apse with its three radiating chapels is characteristic. It was consecrated at the close of the 9th century, and belonged to a priory affiliated to Cluny. Auvergne coat of arms Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnhe/Auvèrnha) was the name of an historically independent county in the center of France, as well as later a province of France. ... Cluny nowadays The town of Cluny or Clugny lies in the modern-day département of Saône-et-Loire in the région of France, near Mâcon. ...


The Ducal palace (now occupied by the courts of justice and an important ceramic museum) was built in the 15th and 16th centuries and is one of the principal feudal edifices in central France. The facade is flanked at each end by a turret and a round tower. A middle tower containing the great staircase has its windows adorned by sculptures relating to the history of the house of Cleves by the members of which the greater part of the palace was built.


In front of the palace lies an open space with a fine view over the valley of the Loire. The Porte du Croux, a square tower, with corner turrets, dating from the end of the 14th century, is among the remnants of the old fortifications; it now contains a collection of sculptures and Roman antiquities. Loire Valley (French Vallée de la Loire) is known as the Garden of France and the Cradle of the French Language. ...


A triumphal arch from the 18th century, commemorating the victory of Fontenoy and the hotel de ville, a modern building which contains the library, are of some interest. The Loire is crossed by a modern stone bridge, and by an iron railway bridge. A triumphal arch is a structure in the shape of a monumental archway, usually built to celebrate a victory in war. ... Fontenoy can refer to: Battle of Fontenoy (1745) Several communes in France: Fontenoy, in the Aisne département Fontenoy, in the Yonne département This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Economy

Nevers is the seat of a bishopric, of tribunals of first instance and of commerce and of a court of assizes and has a chamber of commerce and a branch of the Bank of France. Its educational institutions include a lycee, a training college for female teachers, ecclesiastical seminaries and a school of art. The town manufactures porcelain, agricultural implements, chemical manures, glue, boilers and iron goods, boots and shoes and fur garments, and has distilleries, tanneries and dye-works. Its trade is in iron and steel, wood, wine, grain, live-stock, &c. Hydraulic lime, kaolin and clay for the manufacture of faience are worked in the vicinity. “Fine China” redirects here. ...


Miscellaneous

The name of the town figures in the fictional fencing attack, the unstoppable "botte de Nevers", found in the serial adventures of Le Bossu written by Paul Féval, père and Paul Féval, fils. In the novel, the move is named after a fictional Duc de Nevers. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... René Le Bossu (16 March 1631 – 14 March 1680) was a French critic. ... Paul Henri Corentin Féval, père (17 September 1817 - 8 March 1887) was a French novelist and dramatist. ... Paul Auguste Jean Nicolas Féval (called Paul Féval fils) (1860-1933) was a French adventure novelist, like his father Paul Féval, père. ...


Nevers was the birthplace of Pierre Gaspard Chaumette (1763-1794), revolutionist. Pierre Gaspard Chaumette Pierre Gaspard Chamette (1763 - April 13, 1794) was a French revolutionary. ...


The Formula One circuit of Magny-Cours is located near Nevers. The old Nürburgring, one of the most famous circuits in F1 history. ... Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours is a motor racing circuit located in France, near the towns of Magny-Cours and Nevers. ...


Pierre Bérégovoy once Prime Minister of France committed suicide on May 1, 1993 in Nevers. Pierre Eugène Bérégovoy (December 23, 1925 - May 1, 1993) was a French Socialist politician of russian origin. ... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


Town Twinning

Nevers is twinned with:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Map of the Koblenz region Koblenz (also Coblenz in pre-1926 German spellings; French Coblence) is a city situated on both banks of the Rhine at its confluence with the Moselle, where the Deutsches Eck (German Corner) and its monument ( Emperor William I on horseback) are situated. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Erzsébetváros is the seventh district of Budapest, situated on the Pest side of the Danube. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova) is a city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... , St Albans is the main urban area of the City and District of St Albans in southern Hertfordshire, England, around 22 miles (35km) north of central London. ...

See also

Wine barrels, especially those made of oak, have long been used as containers in which wine is typically aged. ...

References

The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, published in 1854, was the last a series of classical dictionaries edited by the english scholar William Smith (1813–1893), which included as sister works the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities and the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. ... Sir William Smith (1813 - 1893), English lexicographer, was born at Enfield in 1813 of Nonconformist parents. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Nevers
  • Official website
  • Nevers - risques de pollution

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