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Encyclopedia > Neurological

Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Surgical operations on the nervous system are done by specialist neurosurgeons.

Neurological disorders are disorders of the central nervous system (brain, brainstem and cerebellum), the peripheral nervous system (including cranial nerves), and the autonomic nervous system (parts of which are located in both central and peripheral nervous system). Major conditions include:

Along with treating all of the above disorders, the responsibilities of a neurologist include making a finding of brain death when it is suspected that a patient is deceased, and filling out the paperwork to ensure issuance of a death certificate for the patient.

Many mental illnesses are believed to be neurological disorders of the central nervous system, but they are classified separately. They are not traditionally listed as neurological diseases because their causes are not definitely determined as biological, although there are good reasons to suspect that bipolar disorder and schizophrenia have neuro-chemical causes.

External links

  • http://www.aan.com American Academy of Neurology.
  • http://www.neuropsychological.blogspot.com/ brainblog: news about our knowledge of the brain and behavior.

See also

Health science - Medicine
Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Emergency Medicine - General practice - Intensive care medicine - Internal medicine - Neurology - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Pediatrics - Podiatry - Public Health & Occupational Medicine - Psychiatry - Radiology - Surgery
Branches of Internal medicine
Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hematology - Infectious diseases - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Branches of Surgery
General surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Neurosurgery - Ophthalmology - Orthopedic surgery - Otolaryngology (ENT) - Plastic surgery - Podiatric surgery - Urology - Vascular surgery

  Results from FactBites:
AAN | Professionals & Members | Home (1338 words)
The AAN systematically identifies gaps and inconsistencies in neurological research during the development of practice guidelines.
Demographics and practice characteristics of the AAN membership are outlined in the new publication Neurologists 2004.
Glick draws on the few available studies of neurologic malpractice claims, inpatient incident reports and chart reviews, and articles and abstracts in journal literature.
Parkinson's Disease: New Treatments Slow Onslaught of Symptoms (2354 words)
Though the disease is found most often in patients over 50, as many as 10 percent of patients--afflicted with the so-called "young-onset" Parkinson's--are under 40.
About 50,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinson's yearly, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, which estimates that the total cost of health care for Parkinson's patients will exceed $5.6 billion this year.
Parkinson's disease is one of a larger group of neurological conditions called motor system disorders.
  More results at FactBites »



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