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Encyclopedia > Neum
Neum
[[Image:|100px|Coat of arms]]
Municipality coat of arms
Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina highlighting the town or municipality location
General Information
Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Land area
Population (1991 census) 4,268
Population density
Coordinates 42°55′N, 17°37′E
Area code +387 36
Mayor Đure Obradović (HDZ)
Website http://www.neum.ba
Neum
Neum
Neum
Neum

Neum is the only seaside town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Around it there is about 21 km (13 miles) of coastline which is the only access of this country to the Adriatic Sea. It is located in the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine, HDZ BiH) is a political party of Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 352 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 900 pixel, file size: 583 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Neum in Bosnia and Herzegovina File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 352 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 900 pixel, file size: 583 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Neum in Bosnia and Herzegovina File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 343 KB)Coastline of Neum in in Bosnia and Hercegovina Taken by Key45 Summer 2004. ... Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 343 KB)Coastline of Neum in in Bosnia and Hercegovina Taken by Key45 Summer 2004. ... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... Map showing location of this canton within Bosnia and Herzegovina Herzegovina-Neretva is a Herzegovinian canton that mainly comprises of the Neretva river valley area and parts of Herzegovina west of Mostar, its administrative center. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ...

Contents

Features

Neum has steep hills, sandy beaches and several large tourist hotels. Prices tend to be lower here than in neighboring Croatia, making it popular with shoppers. Tourism, and the commerce it brings, is the leading contributor to the economy of the area. Border formalities with Croatia are relaxed at peak times. “Tourist” redirects here. ...


Neum has around 5000 beds for tourists, 1810 in hotels with the remaining capacity in motels, villas and in private accommodation. Tourism in Neum is active only in the coastal region. The inland area behind Neum has a rich archaeological history and untouched wilderness and is starting to develop agricultural tourism. Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Wilderness is generally defined as a natural environment on Earth that has not been modified by human activity. ...


The city hosts a yearly music festival called Etnofest Neum. The Croatian Music Festival Etnofest Neum (natively Hrvatski Glazbeni Festival Etnofest Neum) is a music festival held annually in Neum, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Climate

Neum has long, warm summers and short, mild winters. It ranks among the coastal towns with the most sunny days per year.


The average sea temperature ranges from 13ºC (55ºF) in January to 32ºC (90ºF) in July and August. Popular activities include swimming and sun bathing, walks along the beach, boating and various water-sports. This article concentrates on human swimming. ... Sunlight is also the trade name of the worlds first packaged, branded laundry soap producted by Lever Brothers. ...


Geography

Neum is 60 km (about 40 miles) from Dubrovnik (80 km - about 50 miles - from the Dubrovnik airport), 70 km (about 45 miles) from Mostar and Međugorje and 30 km (about 20 miles) from Ploče and Metković, both of which have railway stations. Nickname: 1995 map of Dubrovnik The location of Dubrovnik within Croatia Coordinates: , Country Croatia County Dubrovnik-Neretva county Government  - Mayor Dubravka Å uica (HDZ) Area  - City 143. ... Mostar (Мостар) is a city and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the center of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation. ... It has been suggested that Litmus Test of Medjugorje be merged into this article or section. ... A ploce is a figure of speech in which a word is separated or repeated by way of emphasis. ... Metković is a city in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, with a population of 13,873, while its whole municipality has 15,384 inhabitants (2001). ...


The Neum region cuts Croatia into two non-contiguous parts. This is a result of the Treaty of Karlowitz of 1699. In this treaty the Republic of Dubrovnik gave the Neum region to the Ottoman Empire to ensure that it would not border on the encroaching Venetian Republic. The Treaty of Karlowitz was signed in 1699 in Sremski Karlovci (a city in modern-day Serbia and Montenegro) (German: Karlowitz, Turkish:Karlofça), concluding the Austro-Ottoman War of 1683–1697 in which the Ottoman side was defeated. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... The Republic of Dubrovnik, also known as the Republic of Ragusa, was a maritime city-state that was based in the city of Dubrovnik from the 14th century until 1808. ... The Republic of Venice was a city-state in Venetia in Northeastern Italy, based around the city of Venice. ...


The fact that the border into Bosnia and Herzegovina must be crossed to reach the southernmost region of Croatia has caused the Croatian Government to plan a bridge from Klek to Pelješac to circumvent the area. Since this could potentially violate Bosnia Herzegovina rights under the International Law of the Sea, these plans have been put on hold until a mutually satisfactory solution can be reached. The Government of the Republic of Croatia (Vlada Republike Hrvatske), commonly abbreviated to Croatian Government (hrvatska Vlada), is the main element of the executive branch of government in Croatia. ... The PeljeÅ¡ac bridge is a bridge currently under construction, connecting the Croatian peninsula of PeljeÅ¡ac with the Croatian mainland, spanning the bay between the two. ...


Demographics

In 1991, the municipality of Neum had 4,268 people:

The town of Neum itself had 1,993 residents: Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Languages Bosnian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups Slavs (South Slavs) The Bosniaks or Bosniacs[1] (Bosnian: Bošnjaci, IPA: ) are a South Slavic people, living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia) and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Croatia... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ...

  • 94% Croats
  • 3% Serbs
  • 2% Bosniaks
  • 1% others (Mixed).

History

The Dubrovnik Republic gave the region of Neum to the Turks in the war between the Holy League and the Ottoman Empire. It gave the Turkish army access to the sea, but just as important to Dubrovnik it gave them a protection from the Venetian territories.


The Dubrovnik Republic relinquished the region of Klek - Neum to the Turks in the war between the Holy League and the Ottoman Empire (second half of the 17th c.) as an exit to the sea and a protection corridor between the territories held by Dubrovnik and the Venetian territories (in Dalmatia). For the last time the Turks used the bay for military purposes while withdrawing after the entering of Austria into Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878.


The town was host to a conference entitled the Constitutional-law position of Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina in late October 2005. The Constitutional-law position of Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina - language, education, culture and media (Croatian: Ustavno-pravni položaj Hrvata u BiH - jezik, obrazovanje, kultura i mediji) was a conference held in Neum, Bosnia and Herzegovina on October 27th and 28th, 2005. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina offers a favourable tourist business investment environment with an increasingly active tourism promotional system. ...

External links

  • Official website of Neum (In Croatian and English)
  • Neum City info
  • Neum City info
  • Wireless network in Neum City
 
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Coordinates: 42°55′N, 17°37′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Općina Neum On-line :: Povijest općine Neum :: Neum i prostor današnje neumske općine u prethistoriji i antici (1328 words)
Municipality Neum with his behind in exploring of its past shares identic destiny destiny with whole east Herzegowina which is, with exception of few localities around Stolac and Bileća, archeologically almost unexplored.
Although untill now on the area of municipality Neum haven't been found rests of habitats of pre-historic man, the reason is not capable or uncapable ecological or geographical conditions but the uncomplete and shallow exploring of the whole coast and its direct behind.
Considering that Neum with behind by geographic and climate charachteristics is in context of Meditarranean Neolithic so for this area as well are identic criteriums as for the east Adriatic.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Neum (5273 words)
neums found in several manuscripts not only differ in the number of names, but also give different names for the same sign, or different signs for the same name.
neum, or followed by a distropha at a higher pitch; it is never used as a single note over a syllable.
neum, it is generally represented in the later staff-notation manuscripts at the same pitch as the last note of that
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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